The military rank of general in Canada is typically held by only one officer whose position is Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) and the senior uniformed officer of the Canadian Forces. The rank is referred to as "four-star", a reference to its American equivalent. It is the equivalent of the naval rank of admiral. Prior to the 1968 unification of the Canadian Forces, the equivalent rank in the Royal Canadian Air Force was air chief marshal.
The current incumbent of the position of CDS is Jonathan Vance. The rank insignia for a general in the Royal Canadian Air Force is a wide braid below three narrow braid on the cuff, as well as four silver maple leaves, beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by St. Edward's Crown, worn on the shoulder straps of the Service Dress tunic. In the Canadian Army, the rank insignia is a wide braid on the cuff, as well as four gold maple leaves, beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by St. Edward's Crown, worn on the shoulder straps of the Service Dress tunic. The rank is also worn on slip-ons on other uniforms. On the visor of the service cap are two rows of gold oak leaves.
Dress uniform tunic - sleeve
Dress uniform tunic - sleeve
Right: Air Force
|Service branch||Canadian Army|
Royal Canadian Air Force
|Abbreviation||GEN or Gen.|
|Rank||Four-maple leaf (four-star)|
|Next higher rank||Governor General of Canada (highest)|
|Next lower rank||Lieutenant-general|
|Equivalent ranks||Admiral (Royal Canadian Navy)|
Canada (AG) v Ontario (AG), also known as In re the Regulation and Control of Aeronautics in Canada and the Aeronautics Reference, is a decision of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on the interpretation of the Canadian Constitution. Lord Sankey decided in the case that the federal government has the authority to govern the subject of aeronautics, including licensing of pilots, aircraft, and commercial services and regulations for navigation and safety.Brigadier general
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) or brigade general is a senior rank in the armed forces. It is the lowest ranking general officer in some countries, usually sitting between the ranks of colonel and major general. When appointed to a field command, a brigadier general is typically in command of a brigade consisting of around 4,000 troops (four battalions). In some countries a brigadier general is informally designated as a one-star general (OF-6).
In some countries, this rank is given the name of brigadier, which is usually equivalent to brigadier general in the armies of nations that use the rank.
The rank can be traced back to the militaries of Europe where a "brigadier general", or simply a "brigadier", would command a brigade in the field. The rank name général de brigade (which translates as "brigade general") was first used in the French revolutionary armies.
In the first quarter of the 20th century, British and Commonwealth armies used the rank of brigadier general as a temporary appointment, or as an honorary appointment on retirement; in the 1920s this practice changed to the use of brigadier, which was not classed as a general officer.
Some armies, such as Taiwan and Japan, use major general as the equivalent of brigadier general (See also Japan & Taiwan for details.). Some of these armies then use the rank of colonel general to make four general-officer ranks.Mexico uses the ranks of both General brigadier and General de brigada.General officer
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.The term general is used in two ways: as the generic title for all grades of general officer and as a specific rank.
It originates in the 16th century, as a shortening of captain general, which rank was taken from Middle French capitaine général.
The adjective general had been affixed to officer designations since the late medieval period to indicate relative superiority or an extended jurisdiction.
Today, the title of general is known in some countries as a four-star rank. However, different countries use different systems of stars or other insignia for senior ranks. It has a NATO code of OF-9 and is the highest rank currently in use in a number of armies, air forces and marine organizations.Judge Advocate General
A Judge Advocate General is a principal judicial officer for a military branch or the armed forces at large, typically the most senior judge advocate.
Relevant articles include:
Judge Advocate General's Corps, a military branch of service concerned with military law
Judge Advocate General (Australia)
Judge Advocate General (Canada)
Defence Judge Advocate Corps (Denmark)
Judge Advocate General (India)
Military Advocate General (Israel)
Judge Advocate General Branch (Pakistan)
Judge Advocate General (Sri Lanka)
Judge Advocate General (United Kingdom)
Judge Advocate General's Corps (United States) which is the judicial arm of any of the United States armed forces:
Judge Advocate General's Corps, U.S. Army
Judge Advocate General's Corps, U.S. Navy
U.S. Marine Corps Judge Advocate Division
Judge Advocate General's Corps, U.S. Air Force
U.S. Coast Guard Legal DivisionJudge Advocate General (Canada)
The Office of the Judge Advocate General for the Canadian Forces provides legal advice to commanders at bases and wings, provides lawyers who defend accused persons at courts martial, teaches courses to other CF members or advises a commanding officer in an operational theatre to uphold the ethical and legal principles established by both the Canadian Forces and the Government of Canada. The current JAG of the Canadian Forces is Commodore G. Bernatchez.
The office consists of 159 regular force legal officer positions and 64 reserve force legal officer positions. Regular force legal officers are deployed as follows:
National Defence Headquarters in Ottawa
Eight Assistant Judge Advocate General (AJAG) offices: Esquimault, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Toronto, Montreal, Halifax, NORAD HQ (USA), and Germany.
Ten Deputy Judge Advocate (DJA) offices across Canada
Four Regional Military Prosecutor (RMP) offices across Canada
Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe in Belgium
Canadian Forces Military Law Centre at the Royal Military College of Canada (RMC) in Kingston, Ontario
JAG Legal Center and School (U.S Army), Charlottesville, Virginia, U.S.A.
Deputy Commander-in-Chief North American Aerospace Defence Command Headquarters (in Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States)
with CF contingents deployed overseas — during 2009–2010, at locations in Afghanistan, the Gulf of Oman, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan and Haiti;
in training with CF formations and units participating in major national and international exercises.Lieutenant-general (Canada)
Please see "Lieutenant General" for other countries which use this rank
In the Canadian Forces, the rank of lieutenant-general (LGen) (lieutenant-général or Lgén in French) is an Army or Air Force rank equal to a vice-admiral of the Navy. A lieutenant-general is a general officer, the equivalent of a Naval flag officer. A lieutenant-general is senior to a major general or rear-admiral, and junior to a general or admiral. Prior to 1968, Canadian Air Force officers held the equivalent rank of air marshal, which was abolished with the unification of the Canadian Forces.Lieutenant general
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a captain general.
In modern armies, lieutenant general normally ranks immediately below general and above major general; it is equivalent to the navy rank of vice admiral, and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air marshal. A lieutenant general commands an army corps, made up of typically three army divisions, and consisting of around 60,000–70,000 soldiers (U.S.).
The seeming incongruity that a lieutenant general outranks a major general (whereas a major outranks a lieutenant) is due to the derivation of the latter rank from sergeant major general, which was also subordinate to lieutenant general. In some countries (e.g. France and Italy), the ranks of corps general or lieutenant colonel general are used instead of lieutenant general, in an attempt to solve this apparent anomaly – these ranks are often translated into English as lieutenant general.However, some countries of Latin America such as Brazil and Chile use divisional general as the equivalent of lieutenant general. In addition, because no brigadier general rank is used in Japan, lieutenant general is the rank of divisional commander. Therefore, it corresponds to divisional general of these countries. In a number of smaller states which employ NATO and western style military organizational structures, because of the limited number of soldiers in their armies, the rank of lieutenant general is the highest army rank in use. In Latvia, Lithuania and Singapore, the chief of defence is a lieutenant general, and in the Irish Defence Forces and Israel Defense Forces, the Chief of Staff holds this rank.List of diplomatic missions in Mexico
This is a list of diplomatic missions in Mexico. There are currently 86 embassies in Mexico City, and many countries maintain consulates and/or consulates-general in many Mexican cities (not including honorary consulates).List of diplomatic missions of Denmark
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Denmark. Kingdom of Denmark as a sovereign state consists of three countries incorporated in to the unity of the Realm and maintains 73 embassies abroad.List of diplomatic missions of Egypt
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Egypt, excluding honorary consulates. Egypt has an extensive global diplomatic presence.List of diplomatic missions of Lebanon
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Lebanon, excluding honorary consulates.List of diplomatic missions of Peru
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Peru, excluding honorary consulates.List of diplomatic missions of Uruguay
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Uruguay, excluding honorary consulates.Major general
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparently confusing phenomenon whereby a lieutenant general outranks a major general while a major outranks a lieutenant.
In the Commonwealth and the United States, it is a division commander's rank subordinate to the rank of lieutenant general and senior to the ranks of brigadier and brigadier general. In the Commonwealth, major general is equivalent to the navy rank of rear admiral, and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air vice-marshal.
In some countries, including much of Eastern Europe, major general is the lowest of the general officer ranks, with no brigadier-grade rank.Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada
The Minister of Justice and Attorney General (MoJAG; French: Ministre de la justice et
procureur général du Canada) is a dual role portfolio in the Canadian Cabinet. In the role of Minister of Justice (French: Ministre de la Justice), the MoJAG serves as the Minister of the Crown responsible for the Department of Justice and the Justice Portfolio. Acting as Attorney General (French: Procureur général), the MoJAG litigates on behalf of the Crown and serves as the chief legal advisor to the Government of Canada. Most prosecution functions of the Attorney General have been assigned to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada. The Attorney General is supported in this role by the Director of Public Prosecutions.This cabinet position is usually reserved for someone holding a legal qualification. There have been exceptions: Joe Clark only studied the first year of law at University of British Columbia Faculty of Law before embarking on political life.
This cabinet portfolio has been held by many individuals who went on to become Prime Minister including John Sparrow David Thompson, R. B. Bennett, Louis St Laurent, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, John Turner, Kim Campbell and Jean Chrétien (Clark became Minister after his time as Prime Minister). This is the only Canadian Ministry (other than that of the Prime Minister) which has not been reorganized since its creation in 1867.Solicitor General of Canada
The Solicitor General of Canada was a position in the Canadian ministry from 1892 to 2005. The position was based on the Solicitor General in the British system and was originally designated as an officer to assist the Minister of Justice. It was not initially a position in the Canadian Cabinet, although after 1917 its occupant was often sworn into the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and attended Cabinet meetings. In 1966, the modern position of Solicitor General was created with the repeal of the previous Solicitor General Act and the passage of a new statute creating the ministerial office of the Solicitor General of Canada.
In recent decades the Solicitor General's department was responsible for administering the prison system, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the National Parole Board and other matters relating to internal security. In 2003, the position was styled Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, and the portfolio expanded. In 2005, the position of Solicitor General was formally abolished.Student Christian Movement of Canada
The Student Christian Movement of Canada (SCM Canada) is a youth-led ecumenical network of student collectives based in spirituality, issues of social, economic justice, environmental justice, and building autonomous local communities on campuses across the country. It is part of the World Student Christian Federation. The SCM Canada works with other Christian groups, for example, in 2017 supporting the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity.Surgeon General (Canada)
The Surgeon General is the professional head of the Canadian military health jurisdiction, the adviser to the Minister of National Defence and the Chief of Defence Staff on all matters related to health, and head of the Royal Canadian Medical Service. The Surgeon General is also the Commander of the Canadian Forces Health Services Group, which fulfils all military health system functions from education and clinical services to research and public health. It consists of the Royal Canadian Medical Service, the Royal Canadian Dental Corps, personnel from other branches of the armed forces, and civilians, with health professionals from over 45 occupations and specialties in over 125 units and detachments across Canada and abroad. As Director General Health Services, the Surgeon General is also the senior health services staff officer in the Department of National Defence. The Surgeon General is normally appointed to the Medical Household as Honorary Physician (QHP) or Honorary Surgeon (QHS) to Her Majesty the Queen.
|NATO rank code||Student Officer||OF-1||OF-2||OF-3||OF-4||OF-5||OF-6
|Royal Canadian Navy||NCdt||A/SLt||SLt||Lt(N)||LCdr||Cdr||Capt(N)||Cmdre||RAdm||VAdm||Adm
|Canadian Army||OCdt||2Lt||Lt||Capt||Maj||LCol||Col||BGen||MGen||LGen||Gen||Not used|
|Royal Canadian Air Force||OCdt||2Lt||Lt||Capt||Maj||LCol||Col||BGen||MGen||LGen||Gen||Not used|