Gene D. Phillips

Gene D. Phillips, S.J. (March 3, 1935 – August 29, 2016) was an American author, educator, and Catholic priest.[1][2][3] Phillips had been a prolific author of biographical books on filmmakers, and had published extended interviews with many filmmakers including Alfred Hitchcock, Stanley Kubrick, Fritz Lang,[4] and Joseph Losey.

Phillips was raised near Springfield, Ohio. He received his A.B. and M.A. (1957) degrees from Loyola University of Chicago, and a Ph.D. in English Literature from Fordham University in 1970.[5] Phillips was a member of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits), and was ordained a priest in 1965.[2] His decision to become a Jesuit at age 17 was strongly affected by his viewing of the film The Keys of the Kingdom (1944) as a boy.[1] Since 1970 Phillips had taught at Loyola University of Chicago. He had written or edited more than 20 books on filmmakers and film (see bibliography); several of these have been reviewed by major newspapers.[6][7][8]

Phillips had served on juries at the Cannes, Berlin, and Chicago International Film Festivals. He had been a member of the editorial board for the journal Literature/Film Quarterly since its founding in 1973;[2] this journal claims to be "the longest standing international journal devoted to the study of adaptation" (i.e. the adaptation of literature to film).[9]

Gene D. Phillips

BornMarch 3, 1935
Springfield, Ohioi
DiedMonday, August 29, 2016
Wauwatosa, Wisconsin
Occupationpriest, professor, and author
OrganizationSociety of Jesus
Known forbooks on filmmakers, literature and film


  • The Movie Makers: Artists in an Industry. Burnham Inc Pub. 1973. ISBN 978-0-911012-43-9.
  • Graham Greene: Films of His Fiction. Teachers' College Press. 1974. ISBN 978-0-8077-2376-0.
  • Stanley Kubrick: A Film Odyssey. Popular Library. 1977. ISBN 978-0-445-04101-1.
  • Evelyn Waugh's Officers, Gentlemen, and Rogues: The Fact Behind His Fiction. Nelson-Hall Publishers. 1977. ISBN 978-0-88229-495-7. Reviewed by James F. Carens.[10]
  • Ken Russell. Twayne. 1979. ISBN 978-0-8057-9266-9.
  • The Films of Tennessee Williams. Art Alliance Pr. 1980. ISBN 978-0-87982-025-1.
  • Hemingway and Film. Ungar Publishing Co. 1980. ISBN 978-0-8044-6644-8.
  • John Schlesinger. Twayne Publishers. 1981. ISBN 978-0-8057-9280-5.
  • George Cukor. Twayne. 1982. ISBN 978-0-8057-9286-7.
  • Alfred Hitchcock. Twayne. 1984. ISBN 978-0-8057-9301-7. Reviewed by Karen Jaehne.[11] Subscription required.
  • Fiction, Film and F. Scott Fitzgerald. Loyola University Press. 1986. ISBN 978-0-8294-0500-2.
  • Conrad and Cinema: The Art of Adaptation. Peter Lang. 1997. ISBN 978-0-8204-3915-0.
  • Exiles in Hollywood: Major European Film Directors in America. Lehigh University Press. 1998. ISBN 978-0-934223-49-2.
  • Major Film Directors of the American and British Cinema. Lehigh University Press. 1999. ISBN 978-0-934223-59-1.
  • Creatures of Darkness: Raymond Chandler, Detective Fiction, and Film Noir. University Press of Kentucky. 2000. ISBN 978-0-8131-9042-6. Reviewed by A. Mary Murphy.[12]
  • Fiction, Film, and Faulkner: The Art of Adaptation. Univ. of Tennessee Press. 2001. ISBN 978-1-57233-166-2.
  • (editor) Stanley Kubrick: Interviews. University Press of Mississippi. 2001. ISBN 978-1-57806-297-3.
  • (edited with Rodney Hill) The Encyclopedia of Stanley Kubrick. Checkmark Books. 2002. ISBN 978-0-8160-4389-7. Reviewed by Richard Schickel.[7]
  • Godfather: The Intimate Francis Ford Coppola. University Press of Kentucky. 2004. ISBN 978-0-8131-2304-2. Reviewed by Richard Simon Chang.[6]
  • (edited with Rodney Hill) Francis Ford Coppola: Interviews. University Press of Mississippi. 2004. ISBN 978-1-57806-666-7.
  • Beyond the Epic: The Life and Films of David Lean. University Press of Kentucky. 2006. ISBN 978-0-8131-2415-5. Reviewed by Gregory McNamee.[8]
  • Some Like It Wilder: The Life and Controversial Films of Billy Wilder. University Press of Kentucky. 2009. ISBN 978-0-8131-2570-1. Reviewed by Laurence Raw.[13]


  1. ^ a b Boudreau, Abbie (2001). "Vocation stories: Rev. Gene D. Phillips, S.J." Chicago Province of the Society of Jesus. Archived from the original on 2006-03-05.
  2. ^ a b c Kearney, George (Summer 2004). "Nothing Succeeds Like Excess: Fr. Gene D. Phillips, SJ, Reacts to Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ" (PDF). Partners Magazine. Chicago and Detroit Provinces of the Society of Jesus: 13–15.
  3. ^ "In Memoriam: Fr. Gene D. Phillips, SJ". Jesuits - USA Midwest Province. 2016.
  4. ^ Phillips, Gene D. (2000). "Interview: Fritz Lang Remembers". In Haller, Robert A. Fritz Lang 2000. Anthology Film Archives.
  5. ^ "Gene D. Phillips, S.J." Loyola University of Chicago. Archived from the original on 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2011-06-12.
  6. ^ a b Chang, Richard Simon (August 15, 2004). "Books in Brief: Nonfiction". The New York Times. The book is more of a fan companion than a true cinematic study. Review of Godfather: The Intimate Francis Ford Coppola.
  7. ^ a b Schickel, Richard (December 18, 2005). "Kubrick, in Action". The Los Angeles Times. The same volume contains an invaluable collection of production photos as well as every significant interview Kubrick granted (more of these, and more intriguing, than you might imagine), although it is burdened by largely plodding essays on each film, many of them by Gene D. Phillips, a fan masquerading as a critic. Brief review of The Encyclopedia of Stanley Kubrick.
  8. ^ a b McNamee, Gregory (December 6, 2006). "Beyond the Epic.(Book review)". The Hollywood Reporter. The great crafter of epic films comes in for respectable--and admirably thorough--treatment in this overdue biography. Review of Beyond the Epic: The Life and Films of David Lean.
  9. ^ "Literature/Film Quarterly - about us". Salisbury University. Retrieved 2011-06-20.
  10. ^ Carens, James F. (Spring 1976). "Gene D. Phillips, S. J." Evelyn Waugh Newsletter. X (1). Gene D. Phillips, S. J., gives us a sympathetic account of Waugh's career and a careful exposition of the novels, as he sees them, in terms of Roman Catholic morality and theology.
  11. ^ Jaehne, Karen (Autumn 1985). "Seven Director Studies". Film Quarterly. 39 (1): 49–52. doi:10.1525/fq.1985.39.1.04a00160. JSTOR 1212288. Gene D. Phillips, a.k.a. Father Phillips of Loyola University, brings a fascinating Jesuit perspective to Hitchcock who claimed that three years of studying with the Jesuits terrified him to death so that his subsequent life's work was to terrify others. ... Phillips's attention to Alfred Hitchcock Presents provides a very good guide through the television years, leaving one wishing he had focused the entire book on the subject and used the films only in reference to the TV refinements.
  12. ^ Murphy, A. Mary (Spring 2001). "Gene D. Phillips. Creatures of Darkness: Raymond Chandler, Detective Fiction, and Film Noir". Rocky Mountain Review. Archived from the original on 2011-09-29. Phillips provides a solid starting place for those who wish to become conversant with detective fiction. His stated purpose is "to examine the relationship of film and fiction as reflected in the screen versions of the work of one novelist" (xxiii), but he very shortly finds himself unable to remain within those self-described parameters -- and, for the most part, thankfully so.
  13. ^ Raw, Laurence (December 2010). "Some Like It Wilder: The Life and Controversial Films of Billy Wilder by Gene D. Phillips". The Journal of American Culture. 33 (4): 352–353. doi:10.1111/j.1542-734X.2010.00756_18.x. Nonetheless, the book makes a convincing case for identifying Wilder as one of the most penetrating, if somewhat cynical, commentators on American culture in the mid-twentieth century, focusing in particular on issues such as the relationship between the media and society (Ace in the Hole, The Front Page), the obsession with getting ahead (The Apartment), and the nature of stardom (Sunset Boulevard, Kiss Me, Stupid). Subscription required.
Anthony Frewin

Anthony Edward Frewin (born 1947 in Kentish Town, London) is a writer and erstwhile personal assistant to film director Stanley Kubrick (from 1965 to 1968, and from 1979 to 1999). Frewin now represents the Stanley Kubrick Estate. His novel London Blues has been described as "masterful".

Antonino Faà di Bruno

Antonino Faà di Bruno (December 15, 1910 – May 2, 1981), was an Italian actor and former military officer.

Arthur P. Schmidt

Arthur P. Schmidt (August 21, 1912 – July 22, 1965) was an American film editor and producer. He had more than sixty film credits for editing from 1934 through 1962. In the 1950s, Schmidt edited five films directed by Billy Wilder, who has been called one of the great 20th Century filmmakers. In the 1960s, Schmidt was the associate producer for seven Jerry Lewis comedies.Schmidt's first editing credits are for films from RKO Pictures, which was one of the major Hollywood studios in the 1930s; his RKO credits include Anne of Green Gables (1934). By 1936 he was working at a second studio, Paramount Pictures, where he remained for twenty years. He worked on several of the Bulldog Drummond B-movies, The Blue Dahlia (1946) and When Worlds Collide (1951). He edited seven films directed by George Marshall, including three comedies starring Bob Hope (Monsieur Beaucaire (1946), Sorrowful Jones (1949), and Off Limits (1953)).

At Paramount, Schmit began his notable collaboration with director Billy Wilder. With Doane Harrison, he edited Sunset Boulevard (1950), which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Film Editing. Harrison had been the editor for all of Wilder's films since his first American film as a director, The Major and the Minor (1942); ultimately, the two worked together on films for nearly thirty years.Schmidt edited Wilder's next film, Ace in the Hole (1951), with Harrison again being credited as "editorial supervisor". Roger Ebert recently commented on this film that, "There's not a wasted shot in Wilder's film, which is single-mindedly economical. Students of Arthur Schmidt's editing could learn from the way every shot does its duty. There's not even a gratuitous reaction shot."Schmidt's third film with Wilder was Sabrina (1954), which was Wilder's last film with Paramount. Harrison's credit had changed to "editorial advisor". By 1957 both Schmidt and Wilder were working independently of Paramount. He edited The Spirit of St. Louis (1957); by then, Harrison was being credited as a producer. Schmidt's editing of The Spirit of St. Louis still attracts critical attention long after the film's release; the film tells the story of Charles Lindbergh's historic, first aircraft crossing of the Atlantic Ocean in 1927.In 2004, Richard Armstrong wrote, "Lindbergh's takeoff is spellbinding. Like the aircraft, the editing is superbly designed. Editor Arthur Schmidt juggles shots of the runway, the plane, Lindbergh's goggled concentration, the muddying undercarriage, Mahoney, the girl, back to the plane, ... for as long as it takes Lindbergh to clear the telegraph wires and trees. Notice that the shots of the pilot find him visibly connected to the controls. Man and machine have never been more at one. It is an alarming passage, suggesting just how many are being "carried" by that flimsy little aircraft." Gene D. Phillips wrote in 2010 that, "The takeoff in the rain from Roosevelt Field in Long Island is a virtuoso set piece" that is "superbly edited by Schmidt".In the same year as Spirit of Saint Louis, Schmidt and Philip W. Anderson were nominated for the Academy Award for their editing of Sayonara (1957-directed by Joshua Logan). Schmidt also edited The Old Man and the Sea (1958-directed by John Sturges). Schmidt's fifth, and final, film with Wilder was Some Like It Hot (1959); Daniel Mandell had edited Wilder's Witness for the Prosecution (1957), and subsequently edited Wilder's films through the 1960s.The final phase of Schmidt's career was spent working on Jerry Lewis comedy films. He edited Cinderfella (1960) and It's Only Money (1962), which was his last editing credit. He was the associate producer for seven of Lewis' films, from The Errand Boy (1961) through The Family Jewels (1965). Schmidt died suddenly on July 22, 1965 in Los Angeles, California.

One of Schmidt's sons, Arthur R. Schmidt, is also a notable film editor who has won Academy Awards for Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) and Forrest Gump (1994).

Dante's Inferno (1967 film)

Dante's Inferno: The Private Life of Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Poet and Painter (1967) is a feature-length 35mm film directed by Ken Russell and first screened on the BBC on 22 December 1967 as part of Omnibus. It quickly became a staple in cinemas in retrospectives of Russell's work. It tells of the relationship between the 19th-century artist and poet Dante Gabriel Rossetti and his model, Elizabeth Siddal.

Dustin Hoffman

Dustin Lee Hoffman (born August 8, 1937) is an American actor and director. Hoffman is best known for his versatile portrayals of antiheroes and emotionally vulnerable characters. He is the recipient of various accolades including two Academy Awards, six Golden Globe Awards

(including the Cecil B. DeMille Award), four BAFTAs, three Drama Desk Awards, two Emmy Awards, and a Genie Award. Hoffman received the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1999 and the Kennedy Center Honors Award in 2012.

Hoffman first drew critical praise for starring in the play, Eh?, for which he won a Theatre World Award and a Drama Desk Award. This achievement was soon followed by his breakthrough 1967 film role as Benjamin Braddock, the title character in The Graduate. Since that time, Hoffman's career has largely been focused on the cinema, with sporadic returns to television and to the stage. Hoffman's films include Midnight Cowboy, Little Big Man, Straw Dogs, Papillon, Lenny, Marathon Man, All the President's Men, Kramer vs. Kramer, Tootsie, Rain Man, Hook, and Wag the Dog. He made his directorial debut in 2012, with Quartet.

In 2016, he won the International Emmy Award for Best Actor for his work on Roald Dahl's Esio Trot.

Evin Crowley

Evin Crowley (born 5 December 1945) is a Northern Irish actress. She was born in Bangor, County Down. She started acting as an amateur at a small theatre, later to become the Lyric Theatre, in Belfast, before later being chosen to play the role of Moureen in David Lean's Ryan's Daughter (1970).

Jerry Ziesmer

Jerry Ziesmer (born May 31, 1939) is an American assistant director, production manager and occasional actor. He is best known for his role as Jerry where he spouts the infamous line "terminate with extreme prejudice" in the 1979 film Apocalypse Now. His character is suspected to be a part of CORDS or DOD Command Staff.

JoJo Starbuck

Alicia Starbuck (born February 14, 1951, Birmingham, Alabama), known as JoJo Starbuck, is an American figure skater. With partner Kenneth Shelley, she is a three-time United States pair skating champion (1970–72) and two-time Olympian (1968, 1972).Starbuck was raised in Downey, California. She was first paired with Shelley for a show in 1959, when they were small children. They started training with coach John Nicks at the Arctic Blades FSC in 1961. In their first year of senior competitions, at age 16, they qualified to compete at the 1968 Winter Olympics. Both Starbuck and Shelley attended Downey High School, where they performed off-ice lifts with the cheerleading squad, and Long Beach State College.Like Shelley, Starbuck was a skilled singles skater. While Shelley went on to win the national title in singles as well as pairs in 1972, Starbuck retired from singles competition in 1968. After turning professional, Starbuck made occasional appearances skating singles in addition to continuing to skate pairs with Shelley. She partnered John Curry in the "Tango Tango" number from his show Ice Dancing.From 1976-83, Starbuck was married to Pittsburgh Steelers and NFL Hall of Fame quarterback Terry Bradshaw. She was Bradshaw's second wife. During this time she also became well known as the face of Cup of Noodles, introducing millions of Americans for the first time to ramen.

She currently is affiliated with the Rink at Rockefeller Plaza [5] a position she has had since the 1990s.

She had a minor career as an actress, performing in New York Stories (1989), The Cutting Edge (1992), and the TV movie Beauty and the Beast: A Concert on Ice (1996).She continues to coach and choreograph. Starbuck lives in Madison, New Jersey, where she teaches at the Essex Skating Club of New Jersey.

Klaus Kinski

Klaus Kinski (born Klaus Günter Karl Nakszynski; 18 October 1926 – 23 November 1991) was a German actor.He appeared in more than 130 films, and was a leading role actor in the films of Werner Herzog, including Aguirre, the Wrath of God (1972), Nosferatu the Vampyre (1979), Woyzeck (1979), Fitzcarraldo (1982), and Cobra Verde (1987). He also appeared in many Spaghetti Westerns, such as For a Few Dollars More (1965), A Bullet for the General (1966), The Great Silence (1968), And God Said to Cain (1970), Shoot the Living and Pray for the Dead (1971) and A Genius, Two Partners and a Dupe (1975).

Kinski was a controversial figure, and some of his tantrums on set were filmed in Herzog's documentary My Best Fiend. He is the father of Pola, Nastassja, and Nikolai Kinski, born of three different marriages. They have all become actors and have worked in Germany and the United States, in film and TV.

Major Barbara (film)

Major Barbara is a 1941 British film starring Wendy Hiller and Rex Harrison. The film was produced and directed by Gabriel Pascal and edited by David Lean. It was adapted for the screen by Marjorie Deans and Anatole de Grunwald, based on the 1905 stage play Major Barbara by George Bernard Shaw. It was both a critical and financial success.

Nastassja Kinski

Nastassja Aglaia Kinski (born 24 January 1961) is a German actress and former model who has appeared in more than 60 films in Europe and the United States. Her worldwide breakthrough was with Stay as You Are (1978). She then came to global prominence with her Golden Globe Award–winning performance as the title character in the Roman Polanski–directed film Tess (1979). Other notable films in which she acted include the erotic horror film Cat People (1982), the Wim Wenders dramas Paris, Texas (1984) and Faraway, So Close! (1993), and the biographical drama film An American Rhapsody (2001). Kinski is fluent in four languages: German, English, French and Italian.

Richard Avedon

Richard Avedon (May 15, 1923 – October 1, 2004) was an American fashion and portrait photographer. An obituary published in The New York Times said that "his fashion and portrait photographs helped define America's image of style, beauty and culture for the last half-century".

The Adventures of Philip Marlowe

The Adventures of Philip Marlowe was a radio series featuring Raymond Chandler's private eye, Philip Marlowe. Robert C. Reinehr and Jon D. Swartz, in their book, The A to Z of Old Time Radio, noted that the program differed from most others in its genre: "It was a more hard-boiled program than many of the other private detective shows of the time, containing few quips or quaint characters."The program first aired 17 June 1947 on NBC radio under the title The New Adventures of Philip Marlowe, with Van Heflin playing Marlowe. The show was a summer replacement for Bob Hope. The first episode adapted Chandler's short story "Red Wind". The NBC series ended 9 September 1947.

In 1948, the series moved to CBS, where it was called The Adventure of Philip Marlowe, with Gerald Mohr playing Marlowe. This series also began with an adaptation of "Red Wind", using a script different from the NBC adaptation. By 1949, it had the largest audience in radio. The CBS version ran for 114 episodes. That series ran 26 September 1948 – 29 September 1950.From 7 July 1951 to 15 September 1951, the program was a summer replacement for Hopalong Cassidy. Mohr played Marlowe in all but one of the CBS shows. He was replaced by William Conrad in the 1950 episode, "The Anniversary Gift".The episode "The Birds On The Wing" (aired 11-26-49) is especially notable for its beginning and ending, both uncharacteristically breaking the fourth wall. It opens with Marlowe saying he is currently reading "Chandler's latest The Little Sister" – thus a fictional character claims to be reading an actual book in which he is the main character. Even more surreal was the ending, in which Marlowe returns to his apartment to find Gracie Allen – who asks Marlowe to find her husband George Burns a radio show on which he can sing!

The program's composer was Lyn Murray, who worked in both film and radio at the time. Curiously enough, the musical cue that plays over the opening narration in the series' first two episodes (where Marlowe recites the opening sentences of Chandler's original story "Red Wind") is a theme that would reappear prominently in Murray's 1954 score for Alfred Hitchcock's "To Catch a Thief".

Despite the program's popularity, it had no sponsor for most of its time on the air. The lone exceptions were when Ford Motor Company and, subsequently, Wrigley's Gum sponsored it during part of 1950.Gene D. Phillips, in the book Creatures of Darkness: Raymond Chandler, Detective Fiction, and Film Noir, reported Chandler's lack of involvement with the program: "Initially Chandler had considered asking for script approval for the Marlowe radio series, but ultimately he decided to have no connection with the scripting of the programs. He contented himself with the weekly royalties he received for the use of his character, while professing himself 'moderately pleased' with Gerald Mohr's portrayal of Marlowe."

The Bellboy and the Playgirls

The Bellboy and the Playgirls is an American 1962 film by Francis Ford Coppola and Jack Hill. The film is a re-edited version of a German film of 1958 originally titled Mit Eva fing die Sünde an [The Sin Began with Eva], directed by Fritz Umgelter with Coppola and Hill shooting nudity inserted into the film for an American release.

To Have and Have Not (film)

To Have and Have Not is a 1944 American romance-war-adventure film directed by Howard Hawks, loosely based on Ernest Hemingway's 1937 novel of the same name. It stars Humphrey Bogart, Walter Brennan and Lauren Bacall in her film debut; it also features Dolores Moran, Hoagy Carmichael, Sheldon Leonard, Dan Seymour, and Marcel Dalio. The plot centers on the romance between a freelancing fisherman in Martinique and a beautiful American drifter which is complicated by the growing French resistance in Vichy France.

Ernest Hemingway and Howard Hawks were close friends and on a fishing trip, reluctant to go into screenwriting, Hemingway was told by Hawks that he could make a great movie from his worst book which Hawks admitted was To Have and Have Not. Jules Furthman wrote the first screenplay, set in Cuba like the novel, but the screenplay was extensively altered to be set in Martinique instead of Cuba because the portrayal of Cuba's government was believed to be in violation of the United States' Good Neighbor policy with Latin American countries. Hawks's other good friend William Faulkner was the main contributor to the screenplay including and following the revisions. Because of the contributions from both Hemingway and Faulkner, the film represents the only film story on which two winners of the Nobel Prize of Literature worked. Filming began on February 29, 1944 as Faulkner worked on the script, ending on May 10.

The film released nationally on October 11, 1944. Audience reception of the film was generally good, with most film critics claiming the film was a remake of Casablanca (1942). These reviews were mixed, either praising or condemning the film in comparison to Casablanca. Critics specifically mentioned Lauren Bacall's performance or the chemistry between Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall on screen. Bogart and Bacall began an off-screen relationship during production and married in 1945, after the film's release. To Have and Have Not was one of the top thirty grossing films in 1944 and it received an award from the National Board of Review.

Unholy Love

Unholy Love (released in the United Kingdom as Deceit) is a 1932 American pre-Code drama film directed and produced by Albert Ray. It was the first film adaptation of the French novel Madame Bovary produced.The film was quickly forgotten when more successful film adaptations of Madame Bovary were produced thereafter, such as Jean Renoir's 1934 version and Vincente Minnelli's 1949 version. For the 1932 film, Ray renamed all the characters and moved the location of the story to Rye, New York.

You're a Big Boy Now

You're a Big Boy Now is a 1966 American comedy film written and directed by Francis Ford Coppola about an upper-middle-class young man's coming of age in 1960s Manhattan. Based on David Benedictus' 1963 novel of the same name, it stars Elizabeth Hartman, Peter Kastner, Geraldine Page, Rip Torn, Karen Black, and Julie Harris.

Geraldine Page was nominated for an Academy Award, as well as a Golden Globe Award, for her performance.

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