Gateshead

Gateshead is a town in Tyne and Wear, England, on the southern bank of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne. Gateshead and Newcastle are joined by seven bridges across the Tyne, including the Gateshead Millennium Bridge. The town is known for its architecture, including the Sage Gateshead, the Angel of the North and the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art. Residents of Gateshead, like the rest of Tyneside, are referred to as Geordies. Gateshead's population in 2011 was 120,046.[1]

Historically part of County Durham, under the Local Government Act 1888 the town was made a county borough, meaning it was administered independently of the county council.[2] Since 1974, the town has been administered as part of the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead within the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear.[2]

Gateshead
Newcastle Quayside with bridges

Gateshead Waterfront
Gateshead is located in Tyne and Wear
Gateshead
Gateshead
Location within Tyne and Wear
Population120,046 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceNZ2460
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGATESHEAD
Postcode districtNE8-NE11
Dialling code0191
PoliceNorthumbria
FireTyne and Wear
AmbulanceNorth East
EU ParliamentNorth East England
UK Parliament

Toponymy

Gateshead is first mentioned in Latin translation in Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People as ad caput caprae ("at the goat's head"). This interpretation is consistent with the later English attestations of the name, among them Gatesheued (c. 1190), literally "goat's head" but in the context of a place-name meaning 'headland or hill frequented by (wild) goats'. Although other derivations have been mooted, it is this that is given by the standard authorities.[3]

A Brittonic predecessor, named with the element *gabro-, 'goat' (c.f. Welsh gafr), may underlie the name.[4] Gateshead might have been the Roman-British fort of Gabrosentum.[4]

History

There has been a settlement on the Gateshead side of the River Tyne, around the old river crossing where the Swing Bridge now stands, since Roman times.

The first recorded mention of Gateshead is in the writings of the Venerable Bede who referred to an Abbot of Gateshead called Utta in 623. In 1068 William the Conqueror defeated the forces of Edgar the Ætheling and Malcolm king of Scotland (Shakespeare's Malcolm) on Gateshead Fell (now Low Fell and Sheriff Hill).

During medieval times Gateshead was under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Durham. At this time the area was largely forest with some agricultural land. The forest was the subject of Gateshead's first charter, granted in the 12th century by Hugh du Puiset, Bishop of Durham. An alternative spelling may be "Gatishevede", as seen in a legal record, dated 1430.[5]

The earliest recorded coal mining in the Gateshead area is dated to 1344.[6] As trade on the Tyne prospered there were several attempts by the burghers of Newcastle to annex Gateshead. In 1576 a small group of Newcastle merchants acquired the 'Grand Lease' of the manors of Gateshead and Whickham. In the hundred years from 1574 coal shipments from Newcastle increased elevenfold while the population of Gateshead doubled to approximately 5,500. However, the lease and the abundant coal supplies ended in 1680. The pits were shallow as problems of ventilation and flooding defeated attempts to mine coal from the deeper seams.

William Hawks originally a blacksmith, started business in Gateshead in 1747, working with the iron brought to the Tyne as ballast by the Tyne colliers. Hawks and Co. eventually became one of the biggest iron businesses in the North, producing anchors, chains and so on to meet a growing demand. There was keen contemporary rivalry between 'Hawks' Blacks' and 'Crowley's Crew'. The famous 'Hawks' men' including Ned White, went on to be celebrated in Geordie song and story.

Throughout the Industrial Revolution the population of Gateshead expanded rapidly; between 1801 and 1901 the increase was over 100,000. This expansion resulted in the spread southwards of the town. In 1854, a catastrophic explosion on the quayside destroyed most of Gateshead's medieval heritage, and caused widespread damage on the Newcastle side of the river.

Robert Stirling Newall took out a patent on the manufacture of wire ropes in 1840 and in partnership with Messrs. Liddell and Gordon, set up his headquarters at Gateshead. A worldwide industry of wire-drawing resulted. The submarine telegraph cable received its definitive form through Newall's initiative, involving the use of gutta-percha surrounded by strong wires. The first successful DoverCalais cable on 25 September 1851, was made in Newall's works. In 1853, he invented the brake-drum and cone for laying cable in deep seas. Half of the first Atlantic cable was manufactured in Gateshead. Newall was interested in astronomy, and his giant 25-inch (640 mm) telescope was set up in the garden at Ferndene, his Gateshead residence, in 1871.

In 1831 a locomotive works was established by the Newcastle and Darlington Railway, later part of the York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway. In 1854 the works moved to the Greenesfield site and became the manufacturing headquarters of North Eastern Railway. In 1909, locomotive construction was moved to Darlington and the rest of the works were closed in 1932.

Sir Joseph Swan lived at Underhill, Low Fell, Gateshead from 1869 to 1883, where his experiments led to the invention of the electric light bulb. The house was the first in the world to be wired for domestic electric light.

In 1870, the old town hall was built, designed by John Johnstone who also designed the previously-built Newcastle town hall.[7] The ornamental clock in front of the old town hall was presented to Gateshead in 1892 by the mayor, Walter de Lancey Willson, on the occasion of him being elected for a third time.[7] He was also one of the founders of Walter Willson's, a chain of grocers in the North East and Cumbria.[7] The old town hall also served as a magistrate's court and one of Gateshead's police stations.[7]

In 1835, Gateshead was established as a municipal borough[2] and in 1889 it was made a county borough, independent from Durham County Council. In the same year, however, one of the largest employers, Hawks, Crawshay and Company, closed down and unemployment has since been a burden. Up to the Second World War there were repeated newspaper reports of the unemployed sending deputations to the council to provide work. The depression years of the 1920s and 1930s created even more joblessness and the Team Valley Trading Estate was built in the mid-1930s to alleviate the situation.

In 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972, the County Borough of Gateshead was merged with the urban districts of Felling, Whickham, Blaydon and Ryton and part of the rural district of Chester-le-Street to create the much larger Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead.[2]

In the past decade, Gateshead Council has begun developing plans to regenerate the town, with the long-term aim of making Gateshead a city.[8] The most extensive transformation thus far has occurred in the Quayside, with almost all the structures there being constructed or refurbished in this time.

The town centre has also been redeveloped, with the £150m Trinity Square development opening in May 2013. The centre incorporates student accommodation, a cinema, health centre and stores.[9] It was nominated for the Carbuncle Cup in September 2014.[10] The cup was however awarded to another development which involved Tesco, Woolwich Central.[11]

Geography

The town of Gateshead is situated in the North East of England in the ceremonial county of Tyne and Wear, and within the historic boundaries of County Durham. It is located on the southern bank of the River Tyne at a latitude of 54.57° N and a longitude of 1.35° W. Gateshead experiences a temperate climate which is considerably warmer than some other locations at similar latitudes as a result of the warming influence of the Gulf Stream (via the North Atlantic drift). It is located in the rain shadow of the North Pennines and is therefore in one of the driest regions of the United Kingdom.

One of the most distinguishing features of Gateshead is its topography. The land rises 230 feet from Gateshead Quays to the town centre and continues rising to a height of 525 feet at Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Sheriff Hill. This is in contrast to the flat and low lying Team Valley located on the western edges of town. The high elevations allow for impressive views over the Tyne valley into Newcastle and across Tyneside to Sunderland and the North Sea from lookouts in Windmill Hills and Windy Nook respectively.[12][13]

The Office for National Statistics defines the town as an urban sub-division. The latest (2011) ONS urban sub-division of Gateshead contains the historical County Borough together with areas that the town has absorbed, including Dunston, Felling, Heworth, Pelaw and Bill Quay.[14]

Given the proximity of Gateshead to Newcastle, just south of the River Tyne from the city centre, it is sometimes incorrectly referred to as being a part of Newcastle. Gateshead Council and Newcastle City Council teamed up in 2000 to create a unified marketing brand name, NewcastleGateshead, to better promote the whole of the Tyneside conurbation.

Climate

Climate in this area has small differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round to meet the criterion for Oceanic climate, at least 30 mm per month. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[15]

Green belt

The town is within the wider Tyne & Wear Green Belt[17], with its portion in much of its surrounding rural area of the borough. It is a part of the local development plan which is in conjunction with Newcastle city borough, and was created in the 1960s.

Its stated aims[18] are to:

  • Prevent the merging of settlements, particularly: Gateshead with Hebburn, Washington, Birtley or Whickham ...the main built-up area with nearby villages; and villages with each other,
  • Safeguard the countryside from encroachment,
  • Check unrestricted urban sprawl, and
  • Assist in urban regeneration in the city-region by encouraging the recycling of derelict and other urban land.

In the Gateshead borough boundary, as well as the aforementioned areas, it also surrounds the communities of Chopwell, Crawcrook, Greenside, High Spen, Kibblesworth, Lockhaugh, Rowlands Gill, Ryton, Sunniside, as well several small hamlets. Landscape features and facilities such as woods and nature reserves, local golf courses, Burdon Moor and Whinell Hill are also within the green belt area.

Districts

Trinitycarpark
Trinity Centre Car Park in Gateshead town centre (now demolished)

The town of Gateshead consists of the following districts. Some of them were once separate settlements that were absorbed by encroaching urban sprawl, while others consist entirely of retail, industrial and housing estates. Many of these areas overlap each other and their boundaries are by no means official or fixed. Gateshead is a Town (Urban Subdivision) in the Tyneside urban area.[14]

  • Gateshead town centre
  • Black Hill, (High Fell ward)
  • Mount Pleasant, (Deckham ward)
  • Deckham
  • Carr Hill (Deckham ward)
  • Central (Bridges ward)
  • Bensham (Bensham ward)
  • Teams, (Dunston and Teams ward)
  • Low Teams (Dunston and Teams ward)
  • Chowdene (Chowdene ward)
  • Low Fell
  • Dunston
  • Swalwell (Dunston and Teams ward)
  • Dunston Hill (Whickham East ward)
  • Lobley Hill (Bensham ward)
  • Team Valley Trading Estate (Bensham ward)
  • Team Valley (Bensham ward)
  • Sheriff Hill (High Fell ward)
  • Ravensworth (High Fell ward)
  • Saltwell (Saltwell ward)
  • Shipcote (Saltwell ward and Deckham ward)
  • Harlow Green (Chowdene ward)
  • Wardley (Wardley and Leam Lane ward)
  • Leam Lane Estate
  • Pelaw
  • Heworth
  • Felling
  • Staneway (Windy Nook and Whitehills ward)
  • Wrekenton (Lamesley ward)
  • Windy Nook
  • Whitehills
  • Beacon Lough (High Fell ward)
  • Eighton Banks (Lamesley ward)
  • Old Fold (Deckham ward)
  • Redheugh (Bridges ward)
  • Shipcote (Deckham ward)
  • Bill Quay (Pelaw and Heworth ward)
  • North Felling/Felling Shore (Felling ward)
  • Lyndhurst (Low Fell ward)
  • Egremont Estate (High Fell ward)
  • Allerdene (Low Fell ward)
  • Falla Park (Felling ward)
  • Sunderland Road (Felling ward)
  • Follingsby (Wardley and Leam Lane ward)

[19]

Demography

The table below compares the demographics of Gateshead with the wider Metropolitan borough. The town's population in 2011 was 120,046 compared with 78,403 in 2001. This is due to a slight population increase and boundary and methodology changes since 2001. Felling used to be a separate urban subdivision and had a population of around 35,000, but now it is considered part of Gateshead town. The population of the 2011 census boundaries in 2001 was 113,220,[20] proving that there was some sort of population increase.

Gateshead Ethnicity 2011 White British Asian Black
Gateshead 92.0% 2.5% 0.8%
Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead 94.0% 1.9% 0.5%

[1][21]

In 2011, 8.0% of the population of Gateshead Town were from an ethnic minority group (non-white British), compared with only 6.0% for the surrounding borough. Despite the borough's low ethnic minority population compared with the England average of 20.2%,[22] it has slightly more ethnic minorities than other boroughs in Tyne and Wear, such as Sunderland or North Tyneside, and two wards near the town centre (Bridges and Saltwell) have minority populations very similar to the national average. The Tyneside metropolitan area, which contains the borough of Gateshead, has a population of 829300;[23] the NewcastleGateshead urban core area has population of 480400.[23] The Metropolitan borough of Gateshead had a population of 200,214 in 2011. Gateshead is the main major area in the metropolitan borough and the town takes up around 60% of the borough's population.[21] Other major areas in the borough include Whickham, Birtley, Blaydon-on-Tyne and Ryton.

Economy

Gateshead is the home of the MetroCentre, a large shopping centre and, at various times, the largest in Europe.

The Team Valley Trading Estate, initially the largest and still one of the larger purpose-built commercial estates in the United Kingdom, is in Gateshead.

Architecture

JB Priestley, writing of Gateshead in his travelogue English Journey (1934) said that "no true civilisation could have produced such a town", adding that it appeared to have been designed "by an enemy of the human race".[24] This dismal impression, typical of the author's view of industrial towns, has proved influential in defining the popular image of Gateshead. Much, however, has changed since his time.

Saltwell Towers
Saltwell Towers

William Wailes the celebrated stained-glass maker, lived at South Dene from 1853-60. In 1860, he designed Saltwell Towers as a fairy-tale palace for himself. It is an imposing Victorian mansion in its own park with a romantic skyline of turrets and battlements. It was originally furnished sumptuously by Gerrard Robinson. Wailes sold it to the corporation in 1876 for use as a public park, provided he could use the house for the rest of his life. For many years the structure was essentially an empty shell but following a restoration programme it was reopened to the public in 2004.[25]

The brutalist Trinity Centre Car Park, which was designed by Owen Luder, dominated the town centre for many years until its demolition in 2010. A product of attempts to regenerate the area in the 1960s, the car park gained an iconic status due to its appearance in the 1971 film Get Carter, starring Michael Caine. An unsuccessful campaign to have the structure listed was backed by Sylvester Stallone, who played the main role in the 2000 remake of the film.[26][27] The car park was scheduled for demolition in 2009, but this was delayed as a result of a disagreement between Tesco (who plan to re-develop the site) and Gateshead Council.[28] The council had not been given firm assurances that Tesco would build the previously envisioned town centre development which was to include a Tesco mega-store as well as shops, restaurants, cafes, bars, offices and student accommodation.[29][30] The council effectively used the car park as a bargaining tool to ensure that the company adhered to the original proposals and blocked its demolition until they submitted a suitable planning application.[29] Demolition finally took place in July–August 2010.

The Derwent Tower, another well known example of brutalist architecture, was also designed by Owen Luder and stood in the neighbourhood of Dunston. Like the Trinity Car Park it also failed in its bid to become a listed building and was demolished in 2012.[31] Also located in this area are the Grade II listed Dunston Staithes which were built in 1890. Following the award of a Heritage Lottery Fund grant of almost £420,000 restoration of the structure is expected to begin in April 2014.[32]

The council has recently sponsored the development of the Gateshead Quays cultural quarter. The development includes the Gateshead Millennium Bridge, erected in 2001, which won the James Stirling Prize for Architecture in 2002. The Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art has been established in a converted flour mill. The Sage Gateshead, a Norman Foster-designed venue for music and the performing arts opened on 17 December 2004. Gateshead also hosted the Gateshead Garden Festival in 1990, rejuvenating 200 acres (0.81 km2) of derelict land (now mostly replaced with housing).

The Angel of the North, a famous sculpture in nearby Lamesley, is visible from the A1 to the south of Gateshead, as well as from the East Coast Main Line.

Other public art include works by Richard Deacon, Colin Rose, Sally Matthews, Andy Goldsworthy, Gordon Young and Michael Winstone.

The Gateshead Millennium Bridge won the prestigious Stirling Prize for Architecture in 2002.[33]

Sport

Gateshead International Stadium regularly holds international athletics meetings over the summer months. It is also host to rugby league fixtures, and the home ground of Gateshead Football Club. Gateshead Thunder Rugby League Football Club played at Gateshead International Stadium until its purchase by Newcastle Rugby Limited and the subsequent rebranding as Newcastle Thunder. Both clubs have had their problems: Gateshead A.F.C. were controversially voted out of the Football League in 1960 in favour of Peterborough United, whilst Gateshead Thunder lost their place in Super League as a result of a takeover (officially termed a merger) by Hull F.C. Both Gateshead clubs continue to ply their trade at lower levels in their respective sports, thanks mainly to the efforts of their supporters. The Gateshead Senators American Football team also use the International Stadium, as well as this it was used in the 2006 Northern Conference champions in the British American Football League. Gateshead Miners are Gateshead's first and only Aussie Rules Football team and compete in the Aussie Rules UK National League.

Gateshead Leisure Centre is home to the Gateshead Phoenix Basketball Team. The team currently plays in EBL League Division 4. Home games are usually on a Sunday afternoon during the season, which runs from September to March. The team was formed in 2013 and ended their initial season well placed to progress after defeating local rivals Newcastle Eagles II and promotion chasing Kingston Panthers.

In Low Fell there is a cricket club and a rugby club adjacent to each other on Eastwood Gardens. These are Gateshead Fell Cricket Club[34] and Gateshead Rugby Club.[35] Gateshead Rugby Club was formed in 1998 following the merger of Gateshead Fell Rugby Club and North Durham Rugby Club.[36]

Transport

Tyne & Wear Metro stations at Gateshead Interchange and Gateshead Stadium provide direct light-rail access to Newcastle station, Newcastle Airport, Sunderland, Tynemouth and South Shields.

Gateshead Interchange is the busiest bus station in Tyne & Wear and was used by 3.9 million bus passengers in 2008.[37]

National Rail services are provided by Northern at Dunston and MetroCentre stations. The East Coast Main Line, which runs from London King's Cross to Edinburgh Waverley, cuts directly through the town on its way between Newcastle and Chester-le-Street stations. There are presently no stations on this line within Gateshead, as Low Fell, Bensham and Gateshead West stations were closed in 1952, 1954 and 1965 respectively.[38]

Several major road links pass through Gateshead, including the A1 which links London to Edinburgh and the A184 which connects the town to Sunderland.

Various bicycle trails traverse the town, most notably the recreational Keelmans Way (National Cycle Route 14), which is located on the south bank of the Tyne and takes riders along the entire Gateshead foreshore.[39][40] Other prominent routes include the East Gateshead Cycleway, which connects to Felling, the West Gateshead Cycleway, which links the town centre to Dunston and the MetroCentre, and routes along both the old and new Durham roads, which take cyclists to Birtley, Wrekenton and the Angel of the North.[41][42][43]

Gateshead is served by the following rail transport stations with some being operated by National Rail and some being Tyne & Wear Metro stations.

Religion

In the 2001 Census, more than 10% of people residing in the wider Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead stated that they practiced no religion.

Christianity

Christianity has been present in the town since at least the 7th century, when Bede mentioned a monastery in Gateshead. A church in the town was burned down in 1080 with the Bishop of Durham inside. St Mary's Church was built near to the site of that building, and was the only church in the town until the 1820s. Undoubtedly the oldest building on the Quayside, St Mary's has now re-opened to the public as the town's first heritage centre.[44]

Many of the Anglican churches in the town date from the 19th century, when the population of the town grew dramatically and expanded into new areas.[45] The town presently has a number of notable and large churches of many denominations.[46]

Judaism

The Bensham district is home to a community of hundreds of Jewish families and used to be known as "Little Jerusalem".[47] Within the community is the Gateshead Yeshiva, founded in 1929,[48] and other Jewish educational institutions with international enrollments, such as Sunderland Yeshiva, Yeshiva Ketana, Beer Hatorah, Sunderland Kibutz, Yeshiva Gedola, Nezer Hatorah and Nesivos Hatorah, Beth Midrash LeMorot and Beis Chaya Rochel Seminary.

Islam

Islam is practised by a large community of people in Gateshead and there are 2 mosques located in the Bensham area (in Ely Street and Villa Place).

Tourism

An article in The Daily Telegraph stated that a woman was denied entry into the UK at some time prior to 2007 for giving her reason for visiting as wanting to go to Gateshead. British visa officials ruled this as "not credible".[49] The research into Britain's confused immigration policies was taken up by Steve Boggan in The Guardian in a piece dated 23 January 2007, which expressed incredulity at the ignorance of London officials, echoed by Newcastle-Gateshead tourism heads.[50]

Twinning

Gateshead is twinned with the town of Saint-Étienne-du-Rouvray near Rouen in France, and the city of Komatsu in Japan.[51]

Famous residents

See also

References

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  60. ^ Stuff, Good. "William Shield blue plaque in Gateshead". www.blueplaqueplaces.co.uk. Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  61. ^ "Canon H. S. Stephenson (Death)". The Times Newspaper, London, England. 6 June 1957.
  62. ^ "Background; Sir Joseph Swan Centre for Energy Research; Newcastle University". ncl.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 14 October 2014.
  63. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  64. ^ "Sylvia Waugh". www.penguin.co.uk. Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2018.

External links

1998 Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Gateshead Council in Tyne and Wear, England were held on 7 May 1998. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party kept overall control of the council.After the election, the composition of the council was

Labour 51

Liberal Democrat 15

1999 Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Gateshead Council in Tyne and Wear, England were held on 6 May 1999. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party kept overall control of the council. The results saw the Liberal Democrats gain 2 seats from Labour but Labour gained one seat in Blaydon. Overall turnout was 26.4%.After the election, the composition of the council was

Labour 49

Liberal Democrat 15

Liberal 1

Other 1

2002 Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Gateshead Council in Tyne and Wear, England were held on 2 May 2002. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party kept overall control of the council.The election took place with all postal voting in an attempt to increase voter turnout. This followed a successful trial in two wards in the previous election in 2000. As a result of the trial turnout rose from 30% to 57.4%, which was higher than Gateshead saw in the 2001 general election.Only one seat changed hands in the election, with the Liberal Democrats making one gain from Labour.After the election, the composition of the council was

Labour 46

Liberal Democrat 19

Liberal 1

2003 Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2003 Gateshead Council election was held on 1 May 2003 to elect members of Gateshead Council in Tyne and Wear, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party kept overall control of the council.After the election, the composition of the council was

Labour 46

Liberal Democrat 19

Liberal 1

2012 Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2012 Gateshead Council election took place on 3 May 2012 to elect members of Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council in Tyne & Wear, England. This was on the same day as other 2012 United Kingdom local elections.

2014 Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council election

As part of the wider 2014 United Kingdom local elections the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead has 22 of its 66 seats up for election under the common one-thirds system. All of these councillors will be elected for four year terms.

2015 Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2015 Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 7 May 2015 to elect members of the Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council in England. It was held on the same day as other local elections.

Angel of the North

The Angel of the North is a contemporary sculpture, designed by Antony Gormley, located in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England.

Completed in 1998, it is a steel sculpture of an angel, 20 metres (66 ft) tall, with wings measuring 54 metres (177 ft) across. The wings are angled 3.5 degrees forward to create, according to Gormley, "a sense of embrace". The angel, like much of Gormley's other work, is based on a cast of his own body.It stands on a hill at Low Eighton in Lamesley parish, overlooking the A1 and A167 roads, and the East Coast Main Line rail route, south of the site of Team Colliery.

Gateshead A.F.C.

Gateshead Association Football Club was a football club based in Gateshead, County Durham, England. The club was formed in South Shields in 1889 as South Shields Adelaide Athletic. After success in the North Eastern League prior to World War I, they were voted into the Football League in 1919. Financial problems in the late 1920s saw the club relocate to Gateshead in 1930, adopting the name of their new town. They remained in the Football League until 1960, when they were surprisingly voted out of the Football League and replaced by Peterborough United, despite not having had to apply for re-election since 1937. They subsequently played in regional leagues before folding in 1973. In order to replace them, another South Shields club was then moved to Gateshead, becoming Gateshead United.

Gateshead F.C.

Gateshead Football Club is a professional football club in Gateshead, England. Established in 1977 after Gateshead United folded, they are currently members of the National League North, the sixth tier of English football, and play at Gateshead International Stadium.

Gateshead International Stadium

Gateshead International Stadium (GIS) is a multi-purpose, all-seater venue in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England. Originally known as the Gateshead Youth Stadium, the venue was built in 1955 at a cost of £30,000. It has since been extensively re-developed on three occasions. Its capacity of around 11,800 is the greatest in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, the third-largest in Tyne and Wear (behind only St James' Park and the Stadium of Light) and the sixth-largest in North East England.The main arena is principally used for athletics. The inaugural athletics competition at the redeveloped venue, the 1974 "Gateshead Games", was instigated by Brendan Foster, a Gateshead Council employee at that time. By breaking the world record in the men's 3,000 m, Foster brought international publicity to the new stadium and began a tradition of athletics competitions at the venue, which has since hosted the British Grand Prix (2003–10) and the European Team Championships in 1989, 2000 and 2013. It is the only venue to have hosted the latter event three times. Five world records have been set at the stadium, including two by pole vaulter Yelena Isinbayeva and a tied 100 metres record by Asafa Powell in 2006.

Although the venue primarily caters for athletics, it is the current or former home to teams in several sports. It has been used by the town's main football club since 1973. Gateshead International Stadium was home to the Gateshead Thunder rugby league club during their spell in the Super League and the replacement Gateshead Thunder club played home games in the main arena, which was known as the Thunderdome when used by that team until the club relocated to Newcastle in 2015. Gateshead Harriers Athletic Club, which includes Foster and Jonathan Edwards among its life members, are the oldest tenants, having used the site since 1956. The stadium has also been used as a concert venue by numerous musical artists including Little Mix, Guns N' Roses, Bon Jovi, Bryan Adams and Tina Turner.

Gateshead and District Tramways Company

The Gateshead and District Tramways operated a tramway service in Gateshead between 1883 and 1951.

Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead

The Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead is a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, in North East England. The borough forms the south west part of the county. It is named after its largest town, Gateshead, but also spans the towns of Rowlands Gill, Whickham, Blaydon and Ryton; suburban areas include Felling, Pelaw, Dunston and Low Fell.

It is bordered by five other local authorities: Newcastle upon Tyne to the north, Northumberland to the west, County Durham to the south, Sunderland to the south east, and South Tyneside to the east.

NE postcode area

The NE postcode area, also known as the Newcastle upon Tyne postcode area, is a group of postcode districts around Alnwick, Ashington, Bamburgh, Bedlington, Belford, Blaydon-on-Tyne, Blyth, Boldon Colliery, Chathill, Choppington, Corbridge, Cramlington, East Boldon, Gateshead, Haltwhistle, Hebburn, Hexham, Jarrow, Morpeth, Newbiggin-by-the-Sea, Newcastle upon Tyne, North Shields, Prudhoe, Riding Mill, Rowlands Gill, Ryton, Seahouses, South Shields, Stocksfield, Wallsend, Washington, Whitley Bay, Wooler and Wylam in England. The Newcastle Upon Tyne postcode area covers the largest area of North East England. The other postcode areas of the North East being the SR, TS, DL, DH and TD (Berwick, Cornhill, and Mindrum within England) postcodes. It incorporates the Tyneside area of Tyne and Wear, as well as most of Northumberland (apart from the Berwick area in the far north of the county). The Newcastle upon Tyne postcode area had a census return population of 1,162,976 and the area is the UK's fifth most populated postcode region.

The original NE postal district created in 1858 was in North East London, but this was abolished in 1866 (along with the S postcode, which later became the Sheffield postcode area); parts were transferred to the N and E districts, while others were removed from the London postal district altogether.

Newcastle Thunder

The Newcastle Thunder are a professional rugby league club based in Newcastle upon Tyne, England. They play in the Bet Fred League 1 competition, the third tier of rugby league in the United Kingdom. They play their home matches at Kingston Park, also home to rugby union side Newcastle Falcons. The club was known as Gateshead Thunder until 2015.

Redheugh Park

Redheugh Park (pronounced red-yuff) was a football stadium in Gateshead, England. The stadium was built in 1930 when South Shields F.C. moved to Gateshead from Horsley Hill and became Gateshead AFC. It was their home for more than 40 years.

The stadium offered terracing all round. The Main Stand was a two-thirds pitch length seated stand (purchased from a greyhound stadium in Carlisle) with covered standing extensions added on either side. Opposite the Main Stand was a large covered terrace that ran the full length of the ground. The North end of the ground had a small covered terrace, whilst the opposite Ropery Road (South) End was a small uncovered terrace, which latterly included a large totalisator scoreboard introduced for greyhound racing.

The Sage, Gateshead

The Sage, Gateshead is a concert venue and also a centre for musical education, located in Gateshead on the south bank of the River Tyne, in North East England. It opened in 2004 and is occupied by the North Music Trust.The venue is part of the Gateshead Quays development, which also includes the BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art and the Gateshead Millennium Bridge.

Tyne and Wear

Tyne and Wear () is a metropolitan county in the North East region of England around the mouths of the rivers Tyne and Wear. It came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. It consists of the five metropolitan boroughs of South Tyneside, North Tyneside, City of Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead and City of Sunderland. It is bounded on the east by the North Sea, and has borders with Northumberland to the north and County Durham to the south.

Prior to the 1974 reforms, the territory now covered by the county of Tyne and Wear straddled the border between the counties of Northumberland and Durham, the border being marked by the river Tyne; that territory also included five county boroughs.

Tyne and Wear County Council was abolished in 1986, and so its districts (the metropolitan boroughs) are now unitary authorities. However, the metropolitan county continues to exist in law and as a geographic frame of reference, and as a ceremonial county.

Climate data for Gateshead, UK
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
8
(46)
10
(50)
11
(52)
14
(57)
17
(63)
19
(66)
20
(68)
17
(63)
13
(55)
10
(50)
7
(45)
13
(55)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
3
(37)
4
(39)
5
(41)
8
(46)
10
(50)
13
(55)
13
(55)
10
(50)
7
(45)
5
(41)
3
(37)
7
(45)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 43
(1.7)
41
(1.6)
38
(1.5)
66
(2.6)
48
(1.9)
61
(2.4)
48
(1.9)
61
(2.4)
51
(2)
61
(2.4)
66
(2.6)
56
(2.2)
640
(25.3)
Source: Weatherbase[16]
Places in Tyne and Wear
Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead
City of Newcastle upon Tyne
Metropolitan Borough of North Tyneside
Metropolitan Borough of South Tyneside
City of Sunderland

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