Garry Trudeau

Garretson Beekman "Garry" Trudeau (born July 21, 1948) is an American cartoonist, best known for creating the Doonesbury comic strip. Trudeau is also the creator and executive producer of the Amazon Studios political comedy series Alpha House.

Garry Trudeau
Garry Trudeau 2014 stanforduniversity.jpeg
Garry Trudeau gives a lecture at Stanford in 2014.
Born
Garretson Beekman Trudeau

July 21, 1948 (age 70)
OccupationCartoonist
Years active1970–present
Known forDoonesbury
Spouse(s)Jane Pauley (1980–present)
Children3
Awards1975 Pulitzer Prize
1977 Nominated for Academy Award for Animated Short Film
1978 Jury Special Prize
1994 Newspaper Comic Strip Award
1995 Reuben Award

Background and education

Trudeau was born in New York City, the son of Jean Douglas (née Moore) and Francis Berger Trudeau Jr. He is the great-grandson of Dr. Edward Livingston Trudeau, who created Adirondack Cottage Sanitarium for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis at Saranac Lake, New York. Edward was succeeded by his son Francis and grandson Francis Jr. The latter founded the Trudeau Institute at Saranac Lake, with which his son Garry retains a connection.[1]

His ancestry is French Canadian, English, Dutch, German, and Swedish.[2]

Raised in Saranac Lake, Trudeau attended St. Paul's School, Concord, New Hampshire. He enrolled in Yale University in 1966. As an art major, Trudeau initially focused on painting, but soon discovered a greater interest in the graphic arts. He spent much of his time cartooning and writing for Yale's humor magazine The Yale Record,[3] eventually serving as the magazine's editor-in-chief. At the same time, Trudeau began contributing to the Yale Daily News, which eventually led to the creation of Bull Tales, a comic strip parodying the exploits of Yale quarterback Brian Dowling. This strip was the progenitor of Doonesbury.[4]

While still an undergraduate at Yale, Trudeau published two collections of Bull Tales: Bull Tales (1969, published by the Yale Daily News)[5] and Michael J. (1970, published by The Yale Record).[6]

As a senior, Trudeau became a member of Scroll and Key. He did postgraduate work at the Yale School of Art, earning a master of fine arts degree in graphic design in 1973. It was there that Trudeau first met photographer David Levinthal, with whom he would later collaborate on Hitler Moves East, an influential "graphic chronicle" of the German invasion of the Soviet Union.[7]

Creative works

Soon after Bull Tales began running in the Yale student newspaper, the strip caught the attention of the newly formed Universal Press Syndicate. The syndicate's editor, James F. Andrews, recruited Trudeau, changed the strip's name to Doonesbury, and began distributing it following the cartoonist's graduation in 1970. Today Doonesbury is syndicated to 1,000 daily and Sunday newspapers worldwide and is accessible online in association with The Washington Post.

In 1975, Trudeau became the first comic strip artist to win a Pulitzer, traditionally awarded to editorial-page cartoonists. He was also a Pulitzer finalist in 1990, 2004, and 2005. Other awards include the National Cartoonist Society Newspaper Comic Strip Award in 1994, and the Reuben Award in 1995.[8] In 1993, Trudeau was made a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[9] Wiley Miller, fellow comic-strip artist responsible for Non Sequitur, called him "far and away the most influential editorial cartoonist in the last 25 years".[10] A regular graduation speaker, Trudeau has received 35 honorary degrees.

In addition to his creating his strip, Trudeau has worked in both theater and television. He was nominated for an Oscar in 1977 in the category of Animated Short Film for A Doonesbury Special, created for NBC in collaboration with John and Faith Hubley. The film went on to win the Cannes Film Festival Jury Special Prize in 1978. In 1984, with composer Elizabeth Swados, he wrote the book and lyrics for the Broadway musical Doonesbury, for which he was nominated for two Drama Desk Awards. A cast album of the show, recorded for MCA, received a Grammy nomination. Trudeau again collaborated with Swados in 1984, this time on Rap Master Ronnie, a satirical review about the Reagan Administration that opened off-Broadway at the Village Gate. A filmed version, featuring Jon Cryer, the Smothers Brothers, and Carol Kane, was broadcast on Cinemax in 1988.

Also in 1988, Trudeau wrote and co-produced with director Robert Altman HBO's critically acclaimed Tanner '88, a satiric look at that year's presidential election campaign. The show won the gold medal for Best Television Series at the Cannes Television Festival, the British Academy Television Award for Best Foreign Program, and Best Imported Program from the British Broadcasting Press Guild. It earned an Emmy Award, as well as four ACE Award nominations. In 2004, Trudeau reunited with Altman to write and co-produce a sequel mini-series, Tanner on Tanner, for the Sundance Channel.

In 1996, Newsweek and the Washington Post[11] speculated that Trudeau had written the novel Primary Colors, which was later revealed to have been written by Joe Klein. In February 2000, Trudeau, working with Dotcomix, launched Duke2000, a web-based presidential campaign featuring a real-time, 3-D, streaming-animation version of Duke. Nearly 30 campaign videos were created for the site, and Ambassador Duke was interviewed live by satellite on the Today Show, Larry King Live, The Charlie Rose Show, and dozens of local TV and radio news shows.[12]

In 2013, Trudeau created, wrote and co-produced Alpha House, a political sitcom starring John Goodman that revolves around four Republican U.S. Senators who live together in a townhouse on Capitol Hill.[13] Trudeau was inspired to write the show's pilot after reading a 2007 New York Times article about a real D.C. townhouse shared by New York Senator Chuck Schumer, Illinois Senator Dick Durbin of Illinois, and California Representative George Miller, all Democrats.[14] The pilot for Alpha House was produced by Amazon Studios and aired in early 2013. Due to positive response, Amazon picked up the show to develop into a full series, streaming eleven episodes for its first season.[15] On March 31, 2014, Amazon announced that Alpha House had been renewed.[16] Production began in July 2014, and the entire second season became available for streaming on October 24, 2014.[17]

While writing Alpha House, Trudeau put the daily Doonesbury into rerun mode. On March 3, 2014 the "Classic Doonesbury" series began, featuring approximately four weeks of daily strips from each year of the strip's run. He continues to produce new strips for Sundays. Although Alpha House has not been in production since the end of 2014, Trudeau has not returned to creating daily Doonesbury strips; new material remains a Sunday-only event.[18]

Trudeau has contributed to such publications as Harper's, Rolling Stone, The New Republic, The New Yorker, New York, and The Washington Post. From 1990-94, he wrote and drew an occasional column for The New York Times op-ed page, and was a contributing essayist for Time magazine from 1996 to 2001.

Beginning with the Gulf War in 1991, Trudeau has written about military issues extensively. In recognition for his work on wounded warriors, he has been presented with the Commander's Award for Public Service by the Department of the Army, the Commander's Award from Disabled American Veterans, the President's Award for Excellence in the Arts from Vietnam Veterans of America, the Distinguished Public Service Award from the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, the Mental Health Research Advocacy Award from the Yale School of Medicine, and a special citation from the Vet Centers.

He received several unit commendations from the field during the Gulf War, and traveled with the USO to visit troops in Iraq and Afghanistan. From 2005 to 2014, his website hosted The Sandbox, a milblog posting over 800 essays by deployed soldiers, returned vets, caregivers, and spouses. For most of the strip's run, Trudeau has eschewed merchandising, but starting in 1998 he teamed up with Starbucks to create Doonesbury products to raise funds for local literacy programs. The items were offered for sale in Starbucks stores for nearly two years and raised over $1 million. Also for charity, Trudeau licensed the strip to Ben & Jerry's, which created a best-selling sorbet flavor called Doonesberry.[19]

Garry Trudeau's son Ross, a digital media producer, is also a crossword constructor who has been published in the New York Times. As part of the ongoing celebrity partnership series, Ross and Garry collaborated on a crossword puzzle that was published on Tues. May 15, 2018 in the NYT. This is the 6th NYT puzzle for Ross and the 1st for Garry.[20][21]

Private life and public appearances

Trudeau married Jane Pauley in 1980; they have three children. He maintains a low personal profile. A rare early appearance on television was as a guest on To Tell the Truth in 1971, where only one of the three panelists guessed his identity. In 1990, Trudeau appeared on the cover of Newsweek for Inside Doonesbury's Brain, a story written by Jonathan Alter. This was the first interview Trudeau had given in seventeen years.[22]

Trudeau cooperated extensively with Wired magazine for a 2000 profile, "The Revolution Will be Satirized". He later spoke with the writer of that article, Edward Cone, for a 2004 newspaper column in the Greensboro, North Carolina News & Record, about the war wounds suffered by the Doonesbury character "B.D.", and in 2006 did a Q&A at Cone's personal blog about The Sandbox. Trudeau granted an interview to Rolling Stone in 2004 in which he discussed his time at Yale University, which he attended two years behind George W. Bush. He granted another Rolling Stone interview in 2010. In 2006, The Washington Post printed an extensive profile of Trudeau by writer Gene Weingarten.[23] He appeared on the Charlie Rose television program,[4] and at signings for The Long Road Home: One Step at a Time, his Doonesbury book about B.D.'s struggle with injuries received during the second Gulf War.[24]

On August 1, 2016, Trudeau appeared on MSNBC on The Rachel Maddow Show. He was brought on to discuss his ability to predict and accurately write about Donald Trump's plans to run for president almost three decades earlier. Maddow presented cartoon strips from as far back as 1987. Trudeau was on her show to promote his new book Yuge, which covers 30 years of Trump appearing in Doonesbury.[25] On November 7, 2016, Trudeau appeared on Fresh Air with Terry Gross[26] to discuss Yuge.[27] On the CBS program Sunday Morning of December 2nd 2018 he was featured and was interviewed by Jane Pauley.

Criticisms and controversies

Trudeau has attracted criticism both for the comic strip and for his own opinions. The Saturday Review once voted Trudeau one of the "Most Overrated People in American Arts and Letters", stating that after his hiatus, his comic strip was "predictable, mean-spirited, and not as funny as before."[28]

Eric Alterman, writing in The Nation, called Doonesbury "one of the great intellectual/artistic accomplishments of the past half-century, irrespective of category".[29]

Trudeau's acceptance speech on the occasion of receiving a Polk Award in 2015 for lifetime achievement stirred controversy.[30] In the speech, Trudeau criticized the cartoonists of Charlie Hebdo—after a number of Charlie Hebdo writers, editors and cartoonists had been murdered execution style in their own Paris offices by Muslim terrorists—for "punching downward..., attacking a powerless, disenfranchised minority with crude, vulgar drawings closer to graffiti than cartoons", and thereby wandering "into the realm of hate speech" with cartoons of Muhammad.[31] Writing in The Atlantic, in which Trudeau had published his speech, political commentator David Frum criticized what he called Trudeau's "moral theory" that calls for identifying "the bearer of privilege", then holding "the privilege-bearer responsible".[32] Trudeau was labelled a "terror apologist" by the editors of The New York Post for his comments, with his choice of the venue in which to make them "adding to the insult".[33]

Bibliography

Non-Doonesbury publications

  • Hitler Moves East: A Graphic Chronicle, 1941–43 (with David Levinthal), Sheed, Andrews and McMeel, 1977. Library of Congress 76-52888. The cover shows two Wehrmacht motorcyclists. The book relates the story of Nazi Germany's Army Group Centre on the Eastern Front through archival photos and new photography of model soldiers (ISBN 0-8362-0708-4)
  • Finding Your Religion: When the Faith You Grew Up With Has Lost Its Meaning by Rev Scotty McLennan, HarperSanFrancisco, 1999. Trudeau drew the cover cartoon and wrote the introduction: "If you were twenty-three, and it was 1971, you couldn't make up someone like this, so as an aspiring artist, I didn't try. I simply appropriated him, ordaining him on the spot (so as to fulfill one of his personal goals before he could). And in filling out the character of Scot Sloan, I also borrowed from Scotty's mentor, the Reverend William Sloane Coffin, a campus hero and antiwar activist of near-mythic reputation. But the caricatured likeness was of Scotty himself, and in my mind, it was him I dragooned into service as the 'fighting young priest'..."
  • Doonesbury.com's The Sandbox: Dispatches from Troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, introduction by G.B. Trudeau; edited by David Stanford, Duty Officer, Doonesbury Town Hall, Andrews McMeel Publishing (2007), ISBN 0-7407-6945-6; ISBN 978-0740769450. More than 100 blog posts by soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan, returned vets, caregivers, and family members.
  • Doonesbury.com's The War in Quotes, introduction by G.B. Trudeau; edited by David Stanford, Duty Officer, Doonesbury Town Hall, Andrews McMeel Publishing (2008)

References

  1. ^ "The Trudeau Institute Homepage". TrudeauInstitute.org. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  2. ^ "Garry Trudeau ancestry". Ancestry.com: Family Tree Maker's Genealogy Site: My Genealogy Home Page. Retrieved 2014-12-13.
  3. ^ Trudeau, Garry (November 1968). Cover Illustration. The Yale Record. New Haven, CT.
  4. ^ a b Charlie Rose – Garry Trudeau on YouTube, Charlie Rose October 11, 2004, uploaded on August 27, 2007 on YouTube
  5. ^ Trudeau, Garry (February, 1969). Bull Tales. New Haven: Yale News.
  6. ^ Trudeau, Garry (February, 1970). Michael J. New Haven: Yale Record.
  7. ^ "Untitled". The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  8. ^ Jarvis, Zeke (2015). Make 'em Laugh! American Humorists of the 20th and 21st Centuries. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood / ABC-CLIO, LLC. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-4408-2994-9. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  9. ^ Browne, Ray B. & Pat (2001). The Guide to United States Popular Culture. Madison, Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press. p. 247. ISBN 0-87972-821-3. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  10. ^ Rubien, David. "Garry Trudeau". Salon. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  11. ^ Streitfeld, David. "'Anonymous' Undone By His Own Hand?". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  12. ^ Staff, Wired. "The Revolution Will Be Satirized". Wired. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  13. ^ Goodman, Tim (November 14, 2013). "Alpha House: TV Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  14. ^ Camia, Catalina (20 November 2013). "Durbin: No sex or drugs in real 'Alpha House'". USA Today. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
  15. ^ "Amazon kills 'Zombieland' TV project, backs 'Alpha House'", Reuters, May 17, 2013.
  16. ^ "Alpha House Season 2 Production Kicks Off This Summer". Webpronews.com. 2014-03-31. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  17. ^ Spangler, Todd. "'Alpha House' Creator Garry Trudeau: Amazon Wants to Rival HBO Originals". Variety.com. Variety. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  18. ^ Rosenberg, Alan. "'Doonesbury' Becoming 'Doonesbury Classics'". Providence Journal. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  19. ^ Wallace, Holly (20 October 2006). "Pulitzer Prize-Winning Cartoonist Garry Trudeau Discusses Politics and His Beloved Comic Strip, "Doonesbury," at UCLA Live Oct. 25". UCLA Newsroom.
  20. ^ "Tuesday, May 15, 2018 crossword by Garry Trudeau and Ross Trudeau". www.xwordinfo.com.
  21. ^ "Played at Work".
  22. ^ Felsenthal, Carol (November 21, 2013). "Jonathan Alter on the Making of Alpha House". Chicago Magazine. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
  23. ^ Doonesbury's War, The Washington Post, October 22, 2006
  24. ^ "Doonesbury" & Private Lupo on YouTube, Pentagon Channel, uploaded September 27, 2006.
  25. ^ "30 Years of "Doonesbury" on Donald Trump: Cartoonist Garry Trudeau on the GOP's "Natural Born Toon"". August 5, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
  26. ^ Author Interviews. "Fresh Air". Npr.org. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  27. ^ Author Interviews. "Fresh Air". Npr.org. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  28. ^ "Most Overrated People in American Arts and Letters", Books.google.com; accessed November 22, 2015.
  29. ^ Alterman, Eric (November 2, 2010). "The Altercation Gift-Giving Guide, Part I". The Nation. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  30. ^ Hemingway, Mark (April 10, 2015). "Garry Trudeau Calls Charlie Hebdo 'Hate Speech'". Weekly Standard. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  31. ^ Trudeau, Gary (April 11, 2015). "The Abuse of Satire". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  32. ^ Frum, David (April 13, 2015). "Why Garry Trudeau Is Wrong About Charlie Hebdo: The cartoonist urged satirists to "punch up" against authority, but the world does not divide so neatly between the privileged and their victims". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  33. ^ Editorial Board (April 13, 2015). "Garry Trudeau, terror apologist". New York Post. Retrieved April 14, 2015.

External links

1975 Pulitzer Prize

The Pulitzer Prizes for 1975, the 59th annual prizes, were ratified by the Pulitzer Prize advisory board on April 11, 1975, and by the trustees of Columbia University on May 5. For the first time, the role of accepting or rejecting recommendations of the advisory board was delegated by the trustees to the university's president, William J. McGill; the change was prompted by the desire of the trustees to distance themselves from the appearance of approval of controversial awards based on work involving what some considered to be illegal leaks, such as the 1972 Pulitzer Prize awarded for the publication of the Pentagon Papers.It was also the first year that the prize for editorial cartooning went to a comic strip artist (Garry Trudeau, writer/artist of Doonesbury), and the first year that a film critic won a Pulitzer (Roger Ebert). Dumas Malone, 83, become the prize's oldest recipient.

Alpha House

Alpha House is an American political satire web television series produced by Amazon Studios. The show starred John Goodman, Clark Johnson, Matt Malloy and Mark Consuelos as four Republican U.S. Senators who share a house in Washington, D.C. It was created by Doonesbury creator Garry Trudeau. The show premiered on Amazon.com on April 19, 2013.

The series is inspired by several actual Democratic legislators who share a row house in D.C.: Senator Dick Durbin (D-IL), Senator Chuck Schumer (D-NY), and Representative George Miller (D-CA). The series has a number of cameos from celebrities such as Bill Murray (as Senator Vernon Smits) and politicians such as Schumer as himself.

Amazon Studios offered the first three episodes of Alpha House for free, with each subsequent episode released weekly thereafter for Amazon Prime members on Amazon Video.On February 11, 2014, the series was renewed for a second season. Production for the second season began filming in July 2014, and the entire second season became available on Amazon.com on October 24, 2014. The series was canceled after the second season.

Brian Dowling (American football)

Brian John Dowling (born April 1, 1947) is a former college and professional football player and was the starting quarterback of the Yale University football team in the late 1960s. He set, and held for decades, a number of Yale passing records. He finished 9th in the vote for the 1968 Heisman Trophy, and was awarded the Nils V. "Swede" Nelson Award for sportsmanship in 1967. At Yale, he was a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity and Skull and Bones Society.

Dowling lost only one football game in grammar school, and never lost a game he completed throughout high school and college. In Dowling's final collegiate game, his 1968 Yale team was undefeated, nationally ranked and heavily favored going into The Game against Harvard University at Cambridge. Although likewise unbeaten and untied, the Crimson were also unheralded. Harvard, trailing 29–13 with 42 seconds remaining, rallied to tie the game, while Dowling stood helplessly on the sideline. As a result, both schools shared the Ivy League title. The contest's result inspired the Harvard Crimson the next day to print the headline, "Harvard Beats Yale, 29-29".Dowling played football in high school for St. Ignatius High School, located in Cleveland, Ohio. He played in two consecutive City Championship games in 1963 and 1964. St. Ignatius lost to Benedictine High School, 30-16, in the 1963 game, when Dowling was injured early in the contest and had to be hospitalized, but avenged the loss the following year with a 48-6 victory over Benedictine. As a 2-way player, Dowling still holds the Ohio high school football state record for career interceptions with 33.Dowling played briefly in the National Football League for the New England Patriots and Green Bay Packers. He was drafted in the 11th round of the 1969 NFL draft by the Minnesota Vikings, but cut in training camp.

The character B.D., in the Doonesbury comic strip, was originally based on and named after Dowling, a Yale classmate of cartoonist Garry Trudeau.Dowling is currently an insurance industry consultant who works with a venture capitalist in the Boston area.

Cinemax Comedy Experiment

Cinemax Comedy Experiment was an anthology series broadcast on Cinemax throughout the mid-to-late 1980s. Every episode was written and directed by a different standup comedian; the gimmick of the series was that Cinemax placed no limits on what could be presented in the show, allowing the comedians total creative freedom. The series came out of a time in the history of cable television when comedy programs were considered premium content due to the high grosses of comedy films at the box office. The program was also an attempt on Cinemax's part to compete with the rising popularity of video rental shops, which were affecting the channel's subscription rates. Individuals who created "Experiments" include Harry Shearer, Chris Elliott, and Gilbert Gottfried; occasionally, non-standups were invited to contribute to the show, such as Garry Trudeau and Elizabeth Swados, who rewrote their off-Broadway show Rap Master Ronnie as an episode of the series.

Doonesbury

Doonesbury is a comic strip by American cartoonist Garry Trudeau that chronicles the adventures and lives of an array of characters of various ages, professions, and backgrounds, from the President of the United States to the title character, Michael Doonesbury, who has progressed from a college student to a youthful senior citizen over the decades.

Created in "the throes of '60s and '70s counterculture," and frequently political in nature, Doonesbury features characters representing a range of affiliations, but the cartoon is noted for a liberal viewpoint. The name "Doonesbury" is a combination of the word doone (prep school slang for someone who is clueless, inattentive, or careless) and the surname of Charles Pillsbury, Trudeau's roommate at Yale University.Doonesbury is written and penciled by Garry Trudeau, then inked and lettered by an assistant: Don Carlton

then Todd Pound. Sunday strips are colored in by George Corsillo. A daily strip through most of its existence, since February 2014 Doonesbury has run repeat strips Monday through Saturday, and new strips on Sunday.

Doonesbury (musical)

Doonesbury, also known as Doonesbury: A Musical Comedy, is a musical with a book and lyrics by Garry Trudeau and music by Elizabeth Swados.

Based on Trudeau's comic strip of the same name, it served to change the format of the strip from an episodic satire of college campus life that existed on a floating timeline to a more character driven, serialized political cartoon series in which characters changed, aged, and died, while still retaining a satirical political bent. Notably, the play depicts the core cast of characters—perpetually twenty-something undergraduates for the first twelve years of the strip's run—graduating college.

Trudeau took a nearly two-year sabbatical from writing the comic strip to develop the project.

Geritol

Geritol is a United States trademarked name for various dietary supplements, past and present. Geritol is a brand name for several vitamin complexes plus iron or multimineral products in both liquid form and tablets, containing from 9.5 to 18 mg of iron per daily dose. The name conveys a connection with aging, as in "geriatric." The product has been promoted from almost the beginning of the mass media era as a cure for "iron-poor tired blood".

Jimmy Thudpucker

Jimmy Thudpucker is a fictional character in the comic strip Doonesbury, created by Garry Trudeau.

He first appeared in the strip in 1975. He is generally seen as a combination of Bob Dylan and John Denver (and to some extent, Loudon Wainwright III), and became a rock star in the seventies, when he was only 19. Others have compared Thudpucker to a young Jackson Browne.

Kerry Waghorn

Kerry Waghorn (born January 10, 1947) is a syndicated caricaturist whose Faces in the News feature, established in 1977 by Chronicle Features (San Francisco Chronicle) is a journalistic legend. He estimates that more than 9,000 of his images have been published since the early 1970s, including just about every prominent news, business and entertainment face over that span of history. During the many years he spent under the management of newspaper icon G. Stanleigh Arnold, the Chronicle's Sunday and Features Editor, he refined his skills within a team that included Garry Trudeau (Doonesbury), Gary Larson (The Far Side), Abigail Van Buren (Dear Abby), William Hamilton (of The New Yorker), Phil Frank (Farley), and Cathy Guisewite (Cathy). Arnold had also been instrumental in the early stages of Charles Schulz' (Peanuts) career. Waghorn, who resides in West Vancouver, B.C., is currently represented by Universal Press Syndicate of Kansas City, MO, and he continues to create about three new caricatures a week. Universal, a subsidiary of Jim Andrews and John McMeel's Andrews McMeel Universal, founded in 1970, purchased Chronicle Features in 1997.

Mark Parisi

Mark Parisi (born 1961) is the creator of Off the Mark, a comic panel which began in 1987 and now appears in 100 newspapers, as well as on greeting cards, T-shirts, and more. Off the Mark is distributed daily by Universal Press Syndicate. Parisi's work is influenced by Charles Schulz, MAD Magazine and Gary Larson. Parisi has also said he admires the work of cartoonists Jim Meddick, Sergio Aragonés, and Garry Trudeau.In addition, Mark is the author and illustrator of the Marty Pants middle-grade novel series for Harper Collins.

Rap Master Ronnie

Rap Master Ronnie is the name of several musical comedies developed by Garry Trudeau and Elizabeth Swados throughout the 1980s, including a 1984 off-Broadway "partisan revue," a music video, and a made for TV movie starring The Smothers Brothers, Carol Kane, and Jon Cryer. The shows all share the same basic structure of a faux campaign ad for Ronald Reagan, satirizing his social policies, particularly those regarding drugs and minorities. The shows received largely mixed reviews.

Roland Hedley

Roland Burton Hedley, III is a fictional character in the comic strip Doonesbury by Garry Trudeau, inspired by the on-air style of the veteran US reporter Sam Donaldson.Hedley is a journalist who covers sports at the Saigon bureau for Time and, once called back, is commissioned to write an article about Walden Commune, where most of the strip's characters live during the 1970s. They fill his head with a lot of nonsense, convincing him that the hippie movement is coming back and that they represent a national trend. He is even convinced that Zonker's lilacs are marijuana plants.

Later he resurfaces in the strip as a television reporter for ABC. By this point he has developed an extraordinarily large ego, which remains his defining trait to this day. He is a sensationalist, willing to stretch the truth and say anything that would further his career. Often he is sent on dangerous assignments, and it is implied that his superiors send him on these intentionally, hoping get rid of him. He plays along, knowing that the danger of his job will earn him higher ratings.

As a result, he has covered many of the dangerous political developments of the last 30 years, although he often greatly exaggerates the danger he personally faces in order to boost his ego. Any news story, no matter how important, can get sidetracked when he begins to talk about his three Emmys, his high ratings, his date with Christiane Amanpour, and so forth.

His most surreal appearances are two trips into the brain of Ronald Reagan, first to try to comprehend what the then presidential candidate was thinking, and then to try to unlock his memories of the Iran Contra Affair.

After leaving ABC, Hedley works a brief stint as "chief content provider" for Yap!com, but goes back to television when the site is downsized by the AOL-Time Warner merger. He then works for CNN and later for Fox News. In this post he gets in trouble with his fellow journalists Rick Redfern and Mark Slackmeyer when they find out that he is taking bribes from the White House in order to give them "softballs" at press conferences. He ceases to do so, and his colleagues decide not to blow the whistle on him. In March 2009 he begins to tweet and that October Trudeau published My Shorts R Bunching. Thoughts?: The Tweets of Roland Hedley, the first collection of tweets from a single author. The Twitter account was closed in 2010, but Roland begins tweeting again a few weeks before the inauguration of Donald Trump.In 2009 Fox news attempts to fire him as the High Definition format shows his facial skin in a gruesome way. He survives the attempt after threatening to sue his employers for discrimination against his allegedly work-related disability.

Over the history of the comic strip, this character's name has been given as Roland Hedley Burton Jr, Roland Burton Hedley, Jr. and Roland Burton Hedley III. The Washington Post's website at Doonesbury.com uses the last of these, although as recently as July 12, 2008 he identified himself as "Junior." Hedley's three names evoke the preppie "last name as first name" aura and may have been taken from names on the masthead of Time—Los Angeles Correspondent Roland Flamini, Boston Bureau Chief Sandra Burton and Editor-in-Chief Hedley Donovan.

Tanner '88

Tanner '88 is a political mockumentary miniseries written by Garry Trudeau and directed by Robert Altman. First broadcast by HBO during the months leading up to the 1988 U.S. presidential election, it purports to tell the behind-the-scenes story of the campaign of former Michigan U.S. representative Jack Tanner during his bid to secure the Democratic Party's nomination for President of the United States.

The story is told from a number of different points of view, including Tanner, his campaign staff, the small army of news reporters that constantly follow the candidate, and volunteers. Many political figures of the time appear (some in cameos, some extended), including Bruce Babbitt, Bob Dole, Kitty Dukakis, Gary Hart, Jesse Jackson, and Pat Robertson. Trudeau and Altman revisited the story 16 years later in Tanner on Tanner.

Tanner on Tanner

Tanner on Tanner is a 2004 comedy film. It is the sequel to the 1988 Robert Altman-directed and Garry Trudeau-written miniseries about a failed presidential candidate, Tanner '88. The sequel focuses mostly on Alex Tanner (Cynthia Nixon), a struggling filmmaker and the daughter of onetime presidential candidate Jack Tanner (Michael Murphy).

Thatababy

Thatababy is a daily humor comic strip created by Paul Trap, launched on October 4, 2010 and syndicated by Andrews McMeel Syndication. The central characters are the titular baby and an unnamed Mom and Dad. Trap describes Thatababy as "a parenting strip through the eyes of the baby." Before syndication Trap entered the strip in the Amazon Comic Strip Superstar contest, where it drew praise from judges Lynn Johnston, Garry Trudeau, Mark Tatulli and Scott Hilburn. Andrews-McMeel has published three e-book collections: Thatababy Rocks Out!, Thatababy Geeks Out! and Thatababy Gets Arty!

The Adventures of Phoebe Zeit-Geist

"The Adventures of Phoebe Zeit-Geist" was an American comics feature, written by Michael O'Donoghue and drawn by Frank Springer. From January 1965, it was serialized in the magazine Evergreen Review, and later published in book form as a Grove Press hardcover in 1968 and trade paperback in 1969. It was reissued as a trade paperback in 1986. (Ken Pierce Books, ISBN 0-912277-34-3, ISBN 978-0-912277-34-9).

The comic detailed the adventures of debutante Phoebe Zeit-Geist as she was variously kidnapped and rescued by a series of bizarre characters, such as Nazis, Chinese foot fetishists, and lesbian assassins.

Doonesbury comic-strip creator Garry Trudeau cited the strip as an early inspiration, saying, "[A] very heavy influence was a serial in the Sixties called 'Phoebe Zeitgeist' ... It was an absolutely brilliant, deadpan send-up of adventure comics, but with a very edgy modernist kind of approach. To this day, I hold virtually every panel in my brain. It's very hard not to steal from it."

Tobias Mehler

Tobias Mehler (born April 1, 1976) is a Canadian actor who has appeared in film and television productions. Some notable roles include ' d'Artagnan on Young Blades, Zak Adama on Battlestar Galactica and Lieutenant Graham Simmons in Stargate SG-1. He appears opposite Charlize Theron in Battle in Seattle, was a regular on the Canadian series Robson Arms for two seasons, and played a lead in the Fox pilot Killer App written by Garry Trudeau and directed by Robert Altman.

He also played Harvey in Sabrina the Teenage Witch in 1996, Andy Effkin In Disturbing Behavior in 1998 and Tommy Ross in Carrie.

Understanding Comics

Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art is a 1993 non-fiction work of comics by American cartoonist Scott McCloud. It explores formal aspects of comics, the historical development of the medium, its fundamental vocabulary, and various ways in which these elements have been used. It expounds theoretical ideas about comics as an art form and medium of communication, and is itself written in comic book form.Understanding Comics received praise from notable comic and graphic novel authors such as Art Spiegelman, Will Eisner, Alan Moore, Neil Gaiman, and Garry Trudeau (who reviewed the book for the New York Times). Although the book has prompted debate over many of McCloud’s conclusions, its discussions of "iconic" art and the concept of "closure" between panels have become common reference points in discussions of the medium.The title of Understanding Comics is an homage to Marshall McLuhan's seminal 1964 work Understanding Media.

Weltschmerz (comics)

Weltschmerz was a weekly comic strip in Canada, written and drawn by cartoonist Gareth Lind. The strip, published in alternative newsweeklies such as Eye Weekly, offers political and social satire with a regular cast of characters, similar to Doonesbury by Garry Trudeau, but with more emphasis on caricature.

Characters in the strip included computer geek Horst Weltschmerz, his girlfriend Celia Jones, his friends Frank, Cindy, Cosmo and Max, and Max's partner Des. Political figures such as George W. Bush, Stephen Harper and Dalton McGuinty also appear as characters.

Storylines included Horst and Celia's attempt to have a child (so far unsuccessfully); Raj being held in prison on a security certificate, then extradited to Pakistan on suspicion of being a terrorist, then kidnapped by terrorists; and Frank running for Liberal leader on a porn-based platform.

The Weltschmerz web site was expanded to a blog-based format, allowing an archive that can be sorted by theme and character.

The first Weltschmerz collection, Attack of the Same-Sex Sleeper Cells, was self-published in spring 2006.

Weltschmerz ran from 1994 to 2008.

Doonesbury, created by Garry Trudeau
Characters
Other
Recipients of the Orwell Award
1975–1999
2000–present

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