Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park

The Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park (Catalan: Parc Natural de la Zona Volcànica de la Garrotxa) is a natural park area covering a Holocene volcanic field (also known as the Olot volcanic field) in Catalonia, northeastern Spain. The volcanos, of which there are about forty within the park, are no longer active, with the last eruption (Croscat) occurring about 11,000 years ago.[1] However, the region is still seismically active, and a large earthquake in 1428 caused damage to buildings and twenty deaths in Barcelona, 90 kilometres (56 mi) to the south.[2] More recent earthquakes in 1901 and 1902 caused shaking but little damage.[2]

The park covers 12,093.02 hectares, and includes territory from eleven municipalities in the comarca of Garrotxa.[3] The built-up areas of Olot, Santa Pau, Sant Joan les Fonts and Castellfollit de la Roca are completely surrounded by the park. Including these urban areas, the population of the park is more than 40,000 people, and the economic development of the zone is one of the objectives of the park management, while trying to avoid the damage caused by quarrying, urban sprawl and illegal waste disposal. Some 980.86 ha of the park, including the best preserved volcanic cones, are fully protected as nature reserves.

Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park
Parc Natural de la Zona Volcànica de la Garrotxa (in Catalan)
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Volcà de Santa Margarida
An aerial view of Santa Margarida.
LocationGarrotxa, Catalonia, Spain
Coordinates42°10′0″N 2°32′0″E / 42.16667°N 2.53333°ECoordinates: 42°10′0″N 2°32′0″E / 42.16667°N 2.53333°E
Area15,309 hectares (153.09 km2)
Established1982
Governing bodyDepartament de Medi Ambient i Habitatge
www.gencat.cat/parcs/garrotxa/
Catalonia-FagedaDenJorda3
The Fageda d'en Jordà.

Geology

The Garrotxa field is a monogenetic volcanic field, with each volcano representing a single period of eruption. The field became active about 700,000 years ago,[4] and is the most recent expression of volcanic activity in northeastern Catalonia, which dates back 10 million years.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Olot Volcanic Field". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  2. ^ a b Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 278. ISBN 0-89577-087-3.
  3. ^ Geology of the Park, Department of the Environment and Housing, Generalitat de Catalunya, April 2006, archived from the original on 2009-04-26, retrieved 2009-10-11.
  4. ^ Dades del Parc Natural de la Zona Volcànica de la Garrotxa, Department of the Environment and Housing, Generalitat de Catalunya, April 2006, archived from the original on 2009-04-26, retrieved 2009-10-11.

Bibliography

  • Losantos, M.; Planagumà, L.; Pijuan, J.; de Paz, A.; Puig, C.; Bassols, E. (2006), The Geological Chart of the Volcanic Zone of la Garrotxa Natural Park (PDF), Institut Cartogràfic de Catalunya.
  • Martí Molist, Joan; Pujadas, Albert; Ferrés Lopez, Dolors; Planagumà Guàrdia, Llorenç; Mallarach Carrera, Josep Maria (2001), El vulcanisme: Guia de camp de la Zona Volcànica de la Garrotxa (2ª ed.), Olot: Parc Natural de la Zona Volcànica de la Garrotxa, ISBN 84-393-5142-9. pp. 1–59; pp. 60–106.
  • Vilaplana, Joan Manuel; Payàs, Blanca (2008), RISKCAT: Natural Risks in Catalonia (PDF), Barcelona: Consell Assessor per al Desenvolupament Sostenible, Departament de la Vicepresidència, Generalitat de Catalunya, ISBN 978-84-393-7836-5, archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-23.

External links

Volcano-Catalonia-Spain
Example of a Volcano found at The Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park - a protected natural area covering a Holocene volcanic field in Catalonia, northeastern Spain.
CosmoCaixa Barcelona

CosmoCaixa Barcelona (Catalan pronunciation: [ˌkɔzmuˈkaʃə βəɾsəˈlonə]) is a science museum located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Formerly known as the Science Museum of Barcelona, it closed for renovations in 1998 and reopened in 2004 under its current name. The museum features a variety of exhibitions, permanent and temporary, that showcase the environment, nature, science, and space. CosmoCaixa also has a planetarium and exhibitions devoted to interaction such as touch and play for small children. It also has a bookstore, gift shop, library, teaching center and cafe. The museum is sponsored by la Caixa. Entry to the museum is free for students under 18. Adults too can enjoy at the museum with an entry ticket of 4 euros.

Croscat

The Croscat (Catalan pronunciation: [kɾusˈkat]) is a volcano in the comarca of Garrotxa, Catalonia, Spain. It is both the youngest and highest volcano in the Iberian Peninsula, with the last eruption dated back to about 14,000 years Before Present. The volcanic cone has a horseshoe shape and its northeastern flank was quarried for volcanic gravel until the early 1990s, exposing the internal structure of the cone from top to bottom. The volcano is located in the Garrotxa volcanic field, a Quaternary volcanic field also known as Olot volcanic field, as part of the protected area of the Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park.

La Vall de Bianya

La Vall de Bianya is a municipality of the comarca of Garrotxa, Catalonia, Spain. It is formed by eleven villages scattered around the Bianya and Bac valleys. The seat of the municipal government is in L'Hostalnou de Bianya, and the village with more inhabitants is La Canya. This latter village is divided between the municipalities of La Vall de Bianya and Sant Joan les Fonts. The municipality is part of the Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park and the Alta Garrotxa Consortium.

List of volcanoes in Spain

This is a list of active and extinct volcanoes in Spain.

Olot

Olot (Catalan pronunciation: [uˈlɔt]) is the capital city of the comarca of Garrotxa, in the Province of Girona, Catalonia, Spain. The city is known for its natural landscape, including four volcanoes scattered around the city center. The municipality is part of the Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park. Olot is also well known for its cultural activity, with historical art movements like Olot school or factories of religious imagery, which contributed to the location in the city of the main Design and Arts & Crafts school of the province of Girona, the Escola d'Art i Superior de Disseny d'Olot.

Sant Joan les Fonts

Sant Joan les Fonts is a municipality of the comarca of Garrotxa, located in Girona, Catalonia, northern Spain. As of 2014, the population is 2,919. Until 1949 it was known as Begudà.

It is part of the Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park.

Santa Margarida Volcano

The Santa Margarida Volcano (Catalan: Volcà de Santa Margarida) is an extinct volcano in the comarca of Garrotxa, Catalonia, Spain. The volcano has a perimeter of 2 kilometers and a height of 682 meters and is part of the Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park. The hermitage of Santa Margarida, after which the volcano was named, is inside the crater of the volcano. The building was destroyed in 1428 during the 1428 Catalonia earthquake and rebuilt in 1865.

Volcà del Montsacopa

Volcà del Montsacopa is an extinct volcano in the Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park, situated in Olot, Catalunya, Spain.

The volcano has been extinct for about 100,000 years.

On top of the crater is the hermitage of Sant Francesc, built in the 17th century.

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