Garraf

Garraf, better known as El Garraf, is a comarca (county) in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia, northern Spain. It is named after the Garraf Massif.

Coordinates: 41°19′N 1°49′E / 41.317°N 1.817°E

Garraf
Localització del Garraf
Country Spain
Autonomous community Catalonia
ProvinceBarcelona
CapitalVilanova i la Geltrú
Municipalities
Area
 • Total185.3 km2 (71.5 sq mi)
Population
(2009)
 • Total143,066
 • Density770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) 
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Largest municipalityVilanova i la Geltrú

Municipalities

Municipality Population
(2014)[1]
Area
km2[1]
Canyelles 4,345 14.2
Cubelles 14,481 13.5
Olivella 3,609 38.8
Sant Pere de Ribes 29,339 40.8
Sitges 28,171 43.8
Vilanova i la Geltrú 65,941 34.0
• Total: 6 145,886 185.1

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "El municipi en xifres". Institut d'Estadística de Catalunya. Retrieved 2015-05-25.

External links

2011–12 OK Liga

The 2011–12 season of the OK Liga was the 43rd season of top-tier rink hockey in Spain.

Barcelona Hoquei won their twenty-fourth OK Liga title.

Al-Gharraf River

The Gharraf Canal, Shaṭṭ al-Ḥayy (Arabic: شط الحي), also known as Shaṭṭ al-Gharrāf (Arabic: شط الغرّاف) or the Hai river, is an ancient canal in Iraq that connects the Tigris at Kut al Amara with the Euphrates east of Nasiryah. As an Ottoman position lay along the canal, it, was one of the objectives of intense military action during the First World War during the siege of Kut (December 1915 to April 1916). The Turks surrounded and besieged General Townsend's British Empire forces which occupied Kut. The Shatt al-Hayy was picked by the Ottoman Army as an advantage point as part of that siege.The Turks attacked a British force commanded by General Booking at Al-Gharraf River (Shatt al-Hai) on 7 February 1916 The Battle of Hanna,took place nearby in January 1916 when the Turks repelled a British attack.The Battle of Dujaila, also took place east of the Al-Gharraf in March 1916 with a similar result. These battles were between the forces of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) and those of the British Empire (including many Indian troops.) In both of these battles the Anglo-Indian relief force were trying to relieve the British forces in the city of Kut. One of the reasons the British had decided to defend Kut was that the canal was considered as a possible route for the Turks or the Anglo-Indian Force to transport troops between the Tigris and Euphrates and vice versa. By 20 May 1916 the British occupied the right (south) bank of the Tigris as far west as the Al-Gharraf, clearing it of Turkish forces, but had not yet recaptured Kut. They were able to cross to the other side on 13 December 1916. The Turks evacuated Kut on 24 February 1917.The book of the Fall of the Ottomans is all about the different battles the Ottoman Empire took part in until defeat.

Between 1934 and 1939, the Kut Barrage was constructed in the Tigris to control the water level of the river and to provide a constant inflow of water to the Shatt al-Hayy.

Al-Rifa'i District

Al-Rifai district is an Iraqi district located in the Dhi Qar Governorate, 80 km north of Nasiriyah and 300 km south of Baghdad. Its name is attributed to Sheikh Ahmed al-Rifa'i, founder of the Rifa'i Sufi order. It includes the administrative center of the city of Al-Rifai and the towns Al Nasir, Al Fajir (ناحية الفجر) and Qalat Sukkar. The district has a population of 450,000 people, mostly Arabs and Shias who work in agriculture, small business, and government jobs.

Arròs a banda

Arròs a banda (Valencian term for rice on the side, translated as Arroz a banda in Spanish) is a dish of rice cooked in fish stock, typical of the coastal area of Alicante (and, per extension, in most of Land of Valencia), Spain, and distinct from the paella of Valencia. It is popular up to Garraf, Barcelona (Catalonia) and down to Murcia (Region of Murcia).

It originated with the fishermen of Alicante, who sold off their best fish and kept the leftovers for stock, used to cook the rice. It is usually served with alioli.

Begues

Begues (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈbeɣəs]) is a municipality in the comarca of Baix Llobregat in Catalonia, Spain.

It is situated in the south-west of the comarca, and its municipal territory covers most of the Garraf massif including the peaks of el Montau (658 m) and La Morella (594 m).

Begues is an important tourist centre, and it is connected with Avinyonet del Penedès and with Gavà by a local road. Recently, Begues signed a contract with the mental asylum "Pere Mata" so that the mentally challenged could contribute to the village's economy by wrapping up the popular Spanish lollipop Chupa Chups in the local factory.

Canyelles (town)

Canyelles is a town in the northeast of the Garraf comarca (county) in the south of Barcelona province, Catalonia, Spain. It is home to a 15th-century castle.

Castellet i la Gornal

Castellet i la Gornal is a municipality in the comarca of the Alt Penedès in Catalonia, Spain. It is situated in the valley of the Foix river at the point where it crosses the Coastal Range. The river is dammed to form the Foix reservoir. The ajuntament (town hall) is in La Gornal. The municipality is served by the N-340 road, and by a local road to Vilanova i la Geltrú.

Population is dispersed among the villages of La Gornal, Les Cassettes, Castellet, Torrelletes, Les Masuques, Clariana, Sant Marçal i Masies de Sant Marçal, Rocallisa, Valldemar, Els Rosers, La Creu i els Àngels, and Trencarroques.

Castellet i la Gornal became part of the Alt Penedès in the comarcal revision of 1990: previously it formed part of the Garraf.

Cubelles

Cubelles is a municipality in Catalonia, in the province of Barcelona, Spain. It is situated in the comarca of Garraf.

Garraf Massif

The Garraf Massif (Catalan: Massís del Garraf, IPA: [məˈsiz ðəl ɣəˈraf]) is a mountain range of the Catalan Coastal Range, Catalonia, Spain. Its cliffs reach the Mediterranean waters. Its highest point on the coastal side is La Morella, 593 metres above sea level and further inland rises the higher, although less conspicuous, Montau (657 m).

List of mountains in Catalonia

This is a list of mountains in Catalonia, Spain.

Lycée Français Bel Air

Lycée Français Bel-Air Garraf (Spanish: Liceo Francés Bel-Air Garraf), formerly École Française Bel Air (Spanish: Escuela Francesa Bel Air) is a French international school in Sant Pere de Ribes, Province of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It serves petite section through terminale (final year of lycée, senior high school/sixth form). The lycée is done with CNED. Garraf is a Catalan comarca.

It was created in 1992. The current campus opened in 1996. The current cycle 3 (years 3-5) primary school building opened in 2004, and an addition for cycle 2 (years 1-2) of primary school was installed in 2008.

Olesa de Bonesvalls

Olesa de Bonesvalls is a village and municipality in the Alt Penedès comarca in Catalonia, Spain. Until 1990 it was included in Garraf comarca.

It is located in the Garraf natural park, and includes its highest peak Montau, at 653m. The land is stony karst with many caves, notably "Avenc de l'Esquerrà" at 348 m, the deepest in Spain.Its most notable building is Hospital de Cervelló, a fortified hostel complex for travellers dating from 1262, which has remained in good condition.Its economy is based mainly around agriculture, predominantly vineyards and orchards, and small local industry.

Its population was 1,735 in 2014. The municipality is traversed by the road between the towns of Avinyonet del Penedès and Gavà.

Olivella

Olivella is a municipality in Catalonia, in the province of Barcelona, Spain. It is situated in the comarca of Garraf.

Olèrdola

Olèrdola is a municipality in the comarca of the Alt Penedès in Catalonia, Spain. It is situated on the northern side of the Garraf massif, and the highest point of the municipality is the Puig de l'Àliga at 468 m.

Olèrdola castle controlled the area of the Penedès Depression in the Early Middle Ages, reaching the height of its significance when its castle dominated the region under the control of the rebellious Mir Geribert, "Prince of Olèrdola". Its importance declined from the twelfth century and its administrative role was taken by Vilafranca del Penedès. The territory has been inhabited since the Neolithic period, and Iberic and Roman remains are juxtaposed with the ruins of the castle. The unusual, circular, Roman chapel of the Sant Sepulcre is near La Plana Rodona.

Orbital Railway Line

The Barcelona orbital line (Catalan: línia orbital) is a railway project forming part of both the Pla d'infraestructures de Catalunya (PITC), a long-term development plan due for completion in 2026, and the Pla de transport de viatgers de Catalunya (PTVC), a short-term plan due for completion in 2012. In following perimeter routes the orbital line and another railway project, the Eix Transversal Ferroviari de Catalunya, are the first railway schemes to depart from the radial system developed so far in the Barcelona area.Also known as the Quart cinturó ferroviari, the orbital line will connect Rodalies Barcelona services between Vilanova i la Geltrú and Mataró via a 119 kilometres (74 mi) line passing through Granollers, Sabadell, Terrassa, Martorell and Vilafranca del Penedès, but avoiding the actual city of Barcelona. Some sections will make use of existing track belonging to Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias (Adif) and operated by Renfe Operadora, whilst 68 km of track - of which 46 kilometres (29 mi) in tunnels - and 23 new stations will be constructed.

Penedès

Penedès (Catalan pronunciation: [pənəˈðɛs]) is a natural and historical region of the autonomous community of Catalonia, Spain. It is located in the south of the Principality of Catalonia between the pre-coastal mountain range (Serralada Pre-litoral) and the Mediterranean Sea. The comarcal division of the Generalitat de Catalunya in 1936 and 1987, divided Penedès into three administrative comarques: Alt Penedès, Baix Penedès and Garraf, and their capitals are Vilafranca del Penedès, el Vendrell and Vilanova i la Geltrú.

From the historical point of view, Penedès was since the start of the ninth century a border region inside the county of Barcelona, which had its center in the former military town Olèrdola, fortified again because of the Christian advance in 929. Olèrdola lost its defensive significance and the capital in the second half of the twelfth century and then Vilafranca del Penedès became the capital. During the thirteenth century formed the Vegueria of Vilafranca including all Penedès and most of Anoia as the sots-vegueria of Igualada.

The provincial division of the 1833 divide the region between the provinces of Barcelona, which includes Alt Penedès and Garraf, and the province of Tarragona, which includes Baix Penedès.

Province of Barcelona

Barcelona (Catalan: [bəɾsəˈlonə], Spanish: [baɾθeˈlona]) is a province of eastern Spain, in the center of the autonomous community of Catalonia. The province is bordered by the provinces of Tarragona, Lleida, and Girona, and by the Mediterranean Sea. Its area is 7,726 km2 (2,983 sq mi). 5,609,350 people live in the province, of whom about 30% (1,620,343) live within the administrative limits of the city of Barcelona, which itself is contained in the Barcelona metropolitan area.

The capital of the province is the city of Barcelona, and the provincial council is based in the Casa Serra on the Rambla de Catalunya in that city. Some other cities and towns in Barcelona province include L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Badalona, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Martorell, Mataró, Granollers, Sabadell, Terrassa, Sitges, Igualada, Vic, Manresa, Berga.

See also List of municipalities in Barcelona.

Since the division by provinces in Spain and the division by comarques in Catalonia do not completely agree, the term comarques of the province of Barcelona would not be entirely correct. However, a list of the comarques that are included—totally or partially—in the province of Barcelona can be made:

Fully included:

Alt Penedès

Anoia

Bages

Baix Llobregat

Barcelonès

Garraf

Maresme

Vallès Occidental

Vallès Oriental

Partially included:

Berguedà (all municipalities except Gósol)

Osona (all municipalities except Espinelves, Vidrà and Viladrau)

Selva (only the municipality of Fogars de la Selva)

Sant Pere de Ribes

Sant Pere de Ribes is a town in the center of the Garraf comarca, in Barcelona province, Catalonia, Spain. The remains of a 12th-century castle once ruled by the troubadour Guillem de Ribes are in the town.

Sitges

Sitges (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈsidʒəs]) is a town about 35 kilometres southwest of Barcelona, in Catalonia, renowned worldwide for its Film Festival and Carnival. Located between the Garraf Massif and the sea, it is known for its beaches, nightspots, and historical sites.

While the roots of Sitges' artistic reputation date back to the late 19th century, when Catalan painter Santiago Rusiñol took up residence there during the summer, the town became a centre for the 1960s counterculture in mainland Spain, in Francoist Spain, and became known as "Ibiza in miniature".

Today, Sitges' economy is based on tourism and culture offering more than 4,500 hotel beds, half of them in four-star hotels.

Almost 35% of the approximately 26,000 permanent inhabitants are from the Netherlands, the UK, France and Scandinavia, whose children attend international schools in the area. There are 17 beaches. Sitges was also the site of the annual Bilderberg conference held in June 2010.

Sitges has been referred to as the Saint-Tropez of Spain, with property prices approaching those of the most expensive European cities, the main reason for this being the setting by the sea and the surrounding Parc Natural del Garraf. Proximity to Barcelona-El Prat Airport is also a major advantage.

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