Garbeta is a census town in Garhbeta I CD Block in Medinipur Sadar subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in West Bengal, India. It is on the bank of the Shilabati. Gar in Bengali means a nullah. The boundary of the earlier town was surrounded by a small nullah. Garbeta can also be spelled as Garhbeta.
Garbeta railway station
Location in West Bengal, India
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Jhargram|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Garbeta|
As per 2011 Census of India Garbeta had a total population of 5,109 of which 2,576 (50%) were males and 2,533 (50%) were females. Population below 6 years was 463. The total number of literates in Garbeta was 3,886 (76.06% of the population over 6 years).
The headquarters of Garhbeta I Block are located at Garbeta.
The economy of this area is agriculturally based. The principal crops include rice, potatoes, wheat, jute and vegetables of different kinds. Some villagers are engaged in fishing, hawking and weaving. A small percentage of the townspeople are government employees and school teachers. Most of the people are middle class to lower middle class. Roy Tyre Centre, the new MRF exclusive store caters all the tyre requirements of transport business, as well as other vehicle needs in and around Garhbeta.
Garbeta is well connected by highways and railways with nearby cities like Midnapore, Kharagpur, Bankura, Ghatal, Howrah etc. For local transportation bus, minibus, auto rickshaws and van rickshaws are available. There is also a railway station named Garhbeta Railway Station. Station Code is GBA.
There are number of well known schools in Garbeta, including Garbeta High School, Banerjee Danga High School, Saradamani Girls' High School, Garhbeta Umadevi Girls High School and Monglapota High School. The only college here is Garbeta College which is part of Vidyasagar University. There are also non-governmental educational organizations in or near Garbeta including "Raksha Bandhan For Education", "Kishalaya Free Coaching Center" and the "Garbeta Science Association".
There is a rural hospital in Garbeta, as well as many private medical practitioners. Overall, the population is generally healthy.
There are a number of temples in Garbeta but particular mention has to be made of the temple of Sarva Mangala. It is peculiar in having its door facing the north. According to the tradition, during the days of Maharaja Vikramaditya of Ujjain a yogi was wandering about in the thick of the forests and was attracted to this particular place. He immediately brought about a temple of Sarva Mangala Devi through his mantras.
Maharaja Vikramaditya came to know of the dynamic force of this and came to Garbeta where he performed a tantric sadhana sitting on a dead body. The Devi was pleased with the sadhana of the Maharaja, blessed him with supernatural powers and gave him the services of Tal and Betal. The Maharaja wanted to test the spiritual power conferred on him by the Devi and asked Tal and Betal to turn the temple and make it face the north. Tal and Betal did so and it is said that the name Garbeta derives its name from Tal and Betal.
There are many festivals in Garbeta. There is one rural organization named Prayas which promotes all manner of cultural events. There are some religious sites, among which Sarbangala Mandir is most popular. The regular Bengali festivals like Durga Puja, Lakshmi Puja, Saraswati Puja and Kali Puja are well attended. Other common pujas are Shitala, Jagaddhatri, Holi and Bheema.
Gallery of Shilabati at Gangani