Gaon Music Chart

The Gaon Music Chart tabulates the relative weekly popularity of songs or albums in South Korea. It is produced by the Korea Music Content Association and sponsored by South Korea's Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, with an aim to create a national chart for South Korea similar to the Billboard charts of the United States and the Oricon charts of Japan. It started tracking sales since the beginning of 2010.[2] It was officially launched in February 2010 with a launching ceremony held on 23 February 2010 at the Westin Chosun hotel in Seoul. The launch also included a small awarding ceremony, which awarded girl group Girls' Generation with top artist of January and boy band Super Junior with best album of 2009. Meanwhile, Hit single "We Fell In Love", performed by Jo Kwon of 2AM and Ga-in of Brown Eyed Girls, took the title of best weekly mobile ringtone.[3]

In February 2011, it published information on both online and offline album sales of 2010, including a detailed breakdown of online chart data and was the first time that off-line album sales was released since 2008 when the Music Industry Association of Korea stopped compiling data.[4]

In April 2018, Gaon introduced music recording certifications for albums, downloads and streamings.

Gaon Music Chart
Gaon Music Chart
Gaon logo
Gaon Music Chart homepage 2014
The homepage of the website in October 2014
Type of site
Record chart
Available inKorean
OwnerKorea Music Content Association
Websitegaonchart.co.kr
Alexa rankIncrease 92,829 (July 2017)[1]
CommercialYes
RegistrationOptional
LaunchedFebruary 23, 2010
Current statusActive

Music charts

There are two primary charts: Gaon Album Chart and Gaon Digital Chart. The charts lists domestic artists' sales, international (non-Korean) artists' sales and a combined overall sales in weekly, monthly and year-end format.

The Gaon Album Chart ranks physical album shipments, including mini and single albums. It is compiled from offline data provided by record labels and distributors such as LOEN Entertainment, CJ E&M Music, Genie Music, Sony Music Korea, Pony Canyon Korea, Universal Music Korea, and Warner Music Korea.

The Gaon Digital Chart ranks best-selling non-physical, digital music sales, and is an aggregate of downloads, streaming and background music. It excludes radio airplay, and different versions of a song are listed as separate entries. It is compiled from online data provided by web-based music providers such as genie, Melon, Mnet, Soribada, Naver Music, KakaoMusic and Bugs. There is no digital album chart because each song is a separate digital download.

All charts rank the top 100. Before mid-2014, the digital, streaming, download, and noraebang charts ranked the top 200.

Chart title Chart type Methodology Description
Album Chart all music physical shipments
  • Ranks the best selling albums
domestic
  • Ranks the best selling domestic albums
international
  • Ranks the best selling international albums
Digital Chart all music downloads +
streaming +
background music
(tracks)
  • Ranks the best selling songs
domestic
  • Ranks the best selling domestic songs
international
  • Ranks the best selling international songs
Download Chart all music downloads
(tracks)
  • Ranks digital download sales
  • One of three component charts of the Digital Chart
domestic
  • Ranks digital download sales (domestic songs)
international
  • Ranks digital download sales (international songs)
Streaming Chart all music streaming
(tracks)
  • Ranks streaming from digital music stores
  • One of three component charts of the Digital Chart
domestic
  • Ranks streaming (domestic songs) from digital music stores
international
  • Ranks streaming (international songs) from digital music stores
BGM Chart all music background music
(tracks)
  • Ranks background music sales
  • One of three component charts of the Digital Chart
Mobile Chart ringtones ringtones and
ringback tones
  • Ranks ringtone sales for mobile phones
ringback tones
  • Ranks ringback tone sales for mobile phones
Noraebang Chart all music karaoke
domestic
  • Ranks most played noraebang domestic songs
international
  • Ranks most played noraebang international songs

Social charts

The Gaon Social Chart is a weekly chart that ranks the top 100 songs according to their popularity on YouTube, Twitter, and YinYueTai.

The Gaon Weibo Chart was a weekly chart that ranked the top 10 most popular K-pop groups and the top 30 most popular individual K-pop artists in China using data from Weibo.

Certification

In April 2018, Gaon introduced music recording certifications for albums, downloads and streamings. Album certifications are awarded based on shipment figures provided by record labels and distributors. Download and streaming certifications are awarded to songs based on online data provided by web-based music providers. Albums and songs released on or after January 1, 2018 are eligible for certification.

Album

Thresholds per award[5][6]
Platinum 2× Platinum 3× Platinum Million 2× Million[a]
250,000 500,000 750,000 1,000,000 2,000,000

Download

Thresholds per award[5][6]
Platinum 2× Platinum 3× Platinum Diamond
2,500,000 5,000,000 7,500,000 10,000,000

Streaming

Thresholds per award[5][6]
Platinum 2× Platinum  Platinum[b] Billion
100,000,000 200,000,000 300,000,000 1,000,000,000

Awards

References

  1. ^ "Gaonchart.co.kr Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  2. ^ Han, Sang-hee (23 February 2010). "Korea Launches First Official Music Charts Gaon". The Korea Times. The Korea Times. Archived from the original on 2010-08-04. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
  3. ^ Seung-hun, Kang (23 February 2010). "Korea launches integrated K-pop music chart 'Gaon'". 10 Asia. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  4. ^ "Super Junior's 4th Album Ranked Top-Seller of 2010" Chosun Ilbo. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-17
  5. ^ a b c "Gaon Certification". Gaon Music Chart (in Korean). Korea Music Content Association. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Notice: GAON Certification". Gaon Music Chart (in Korean). Korea Music Content Association. April 20, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.

Notes

  1. ^ Higher certifications (such as 3× Million) will also be awarded.[6]
  2. ^ Higher certifications (up to 9× Platinum) will also be awarded.[6]

External links

Apink discography

South Korean girl group Apink has released six studio albums, eight extended plays, three compilation albums, and twenty-nine singles. The group debuted in 2011 and consists of six members: Chorong, Bomi, Eunji, Naeun, Namjoo, and Hayoung. Former member Yookyung left the group in April 2013.

BTS albums discography

South Korean boy group BTS have released six studio albums (one of which was reissued under a different title), four compilation albums and six extended plays.

The group debuted in South Korea on June 13, 2013 with the single album 2 Cool 4 Skool. They made a comeback on September 2013 with an extended play, O!RUL8,2?. In February 2014, BTS released their second extended play, Skool Luv Affair. This marked the first time their album charted on the Billboard World Albums chart, and Japan's Oricon Albums Chart. A repackaged version of the album, Skool Luv Affair Special Addition was released in May 2014.

BTS released their first studio album, Dark & Wild in August 2014. It was their first album to break into the US Top Heatseekers chart. To wrap up 2014, BTS made their Japanese debut in December 2014 with first Japanese studio album Wake Up. All of their Japanese singles—"No More Dream", released on June 4; "Boy in Luv", released on July 16; and "Danger", released on November 19—made it into the top 10 of the Oricon Albums Chart as well as the Japan Hot 100.

The group's third extended play, The Most Beautiful Moment In Life, Part 1, was released in April 2015. BTS made a comeback with their fourth extended play, The Most Beautiful Moment in Life, Part 2, in November 2015. For the first time, the group entered the Billboard 200 at 171 with the EP. It also topped the Billboard Top Heatseekers and World Albums charts for 4 weeks, the most by a South Korean act. Their first compilation album, The Most Beautiful Moment in Life: Young Forever was released in May 2016.

In September 2016, BTS released their second Japanese studio album, entitled Youth, selling over 44,000 copies in its first day of release. It became the group's first studio album to top both the daily and weekly Oricon albums charts. To wrap up 2016, the group released their second studio album, Wings in October 2016. It debuted at 26 on the Billboard 200, making it the highest-ranking Korean album ever on the chart at the time. Its repackage album, You Never Walk Alone, was released in February 2017.

BTS' fifth extended play, Love Yourself: Her, was then released in September 2017. The EP opened at number seven on the US Billboard 200 with 31,000 album-equivalent units, making it the highest-charting K-pop album on the chart and biggest sales week of a K-pop album to date.Their third Japanese studio album, Face Yourself, was released in April 2018. It debuted at number 43 on the Billboard 200 with 12,000 album-equivalent units, making it the third-highest-charting Japanese album in the history of the chart. Just one month later, it became their first Japanese album to be certified Platinum by the RIAJ, selling over 250,000 copies within that time. BTS's third Korean studio album, Love Yourself: Tear, was released on May 18, 2018, and debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200, becoming the group's highest-charting album in a Western market, as well as the first K-pop album to top the US albums chart and the highest-charting album by an Asian act. In 2018, the group had the second best total album sales in the US, behind Eminem. In Korea, BTS accounted for 65% of the total albums sold in 2018. In 2019, the group scored their third number one with Map of the Soul: Persona, BTS’ sixth extended play, on the US Billboard 200 making them the first group since The Beatles in 1996 to have three number one albums in less than a year.[1]

BTS singles discography

South Korean boy group BTS have released twenty-two singles and two promotional singles.

The group debuted in South Korea on June 13, 2013, with the single "No More Dream", which peaked on 124 and sold roughly 50,000 copies. To support their first extended play, O!RUL8,2?, the group released "N.O", which met with minor commercial success in their home country. They released four singles in 2014, "Boy in Luv", "Just One Day", "Danger" and "War of Hormone", all of which reached the charts. "Boy in Luv", the most successful, reached the top fifty and sold 200,000 copies.

"I Need U", released in April 2015, reached the top five on the Gaon Digital Chart, as well as number 4 on the Billboard World Digital Songs chart. The group released two more singles in 2015, "Dope" and "Run"; the latter reached the top ten in South Korea. Their fourth Japanese single, "For You", was released on June 17, 2015 and became the group's first number one hit in Japan, topping both the Oricon and Japan Hot 100. The Japanese version of "I Need U" was released in December 2015 and debuted at number one on Oricon. The follow-up Japanese single, "Run", was released on March 15, 2016.

The group scored their first number-one hit with "Blood Sweat & Tears" in late 2016, selling more than 1.5 million copies in South Korea and reaching #1 on the Billboard World Digital Songs chart. The Japanese version of the single was released in May 2017 under the name "Chi, Ase, Namida" (血、汗、涙) and became their first single to be certified Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of Japan. The group released three singles in 2017: "Spring Day", "Not Today" and "DNA". All singles reached the top ten in South Korea and first place on the World Digital Songs chart. "DNA" peaked at 68 on the Billboard Hot 100. A remix of "MIC Drop" by American DJ Steve Aoki and rapper Desiigner was released in November 2017, reaching the top 40 on the Hot 100 and becoming the first song by a Korean boy group to be certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America in February 2018. The track was later certified platinum. A Japanese version of the single, including "DNA" and "Crystal Snow", was released in December 2017 and sold over 500,000 copies within a month, becoming the only record by a foreign artist to be certified Double Platinum by the RIAJ in 2017.

Baek A-yeon

Baek A-yeon (Hangul: 박아연) (born March 11, 1993) is a South Korean singer and songwriter signed under JYP Entertainment. She is best known as the second runner-up contestant of K-pop Star.

Baek Ye-rin

Baek Ye-rin (born June 26, 1997), otherwise credited as Yerin Baek, is a South Korean singer-songwriter. She is a member of duo 15&. She debuted as a solo artist with her first mini album, Frank, on November 30, 2015.

Bolbbalgan4

Bolbbalgan4 (Hangul: 볼빨간 사춘기, also known as BOL4 or Blushing Youth, pronounced Bolbbalgan Sachungi) is a South Korean duo formed by Shofar Music in 2016. They appeared on Superstar K6 in 2014 before signing a contract with their current agency. The duo consists of Ahn Ji-young and Woo Ji-yoon. They debuted on April 22, 2016, with the single "Fight Day" from the mini-album Red Ickle. The duo went on a temporary hiatus due to Ji Young's music classes requirements in the first half of 2018.

Exo discography

The discography of the South Korean-Chinese boy band Exo consists of six studio albums, six extended plays, three live albums and twenty six singles. Exo was formed by the Korean entertainment company SM Entertainment in 2011, and formerly consisted of twelve members separated into two sub-groups, Exo-K and Exo-M, releasing the same music simultaneously in both Korean and Mandarin in South Korea and China, respectively. The group's first release, the extended play Mama, was released in April 2012. The album topped Korean music charts on its release. With the release of Don't Mess Up My Tempo in November 2018, Exo became the first artist to surpass 10 million total album sales in South Korea.Since debuting in 2012, the group sold more than 35 million records in South Korea, as listed below. This includes over 10.6 million album sales as of November 2018, and over 23.8 million downloads as of December 2017.

Girls' Generation discography

South Korea-based girl group Girls' Generation have released nine studio albums (four of which were reissued under different titles), two live albums, four extended plays (EPs), and twenty-eight singles. As of November 2012, Girls' Generation has sold over 4.4 million albums and 30 million digital singles. The group has sold over 1.74 million albums in South Korea as of May 2016, and 3.48 million records, including 944,805 physical singles and 1,899,579 albums in Japan as of January 2017.Girls' Generation debuted in 2007 with the single "Into the New World" and their self-titled studio album, which was later re-released as Baby Baby in 2008. The album spawned three more singles: "Girls' Generation", "Kissing You", and "Baby Baby". In 2009, Girls' Generation released two EPs: Gee and Tell Me Your Wish (Genie) (2009). Their second studio album, Oh! (2010) was later re-released as Run Devil Run (2010). Six months later, they released a third EP, Hoot (2010). The singles "Oh!", "Run Devil Run" and "Hoot" all claimed the top spot on the Gaon Digital Chart.

A Japanese version of "Tell Me Your Wish (Genie)", credited as "Genie", was Girls' Generation's first Japanese-language release; it peaked at number four on the Oricon Singles Chart. A Japanese version of "Gee" was also released, reaching number one on the Oricon Daily Singles Chart, making Girls' Generation the first non-Japanese Asian girl group to do so. They then released their first Japanese studio album, Girls' Generation (2011), which was certified Million by the Recording Industry Association of Japan (RIAJ) and became the highest-selling album in history by a Korean girl group in Japan. Their first original Japanese song, "Mr. Taxi", which was released as a double A-side single with a Japanese version of "Run Devil Run", reached number one on the Japan Hot 100. Girls' Generation's third Korean and fourth studio album, The Boys (2011), produced a Gaon Digital Chart number-one single, "The Boys". Repackaged versions of the third and fourth studio albums were released as The Boys (2011) and Mr. Taxi (2011), respectively.

Girls & Peace (2012), the group's second Japanese album and fifth overall, was certified Platinum by the RIAJ. The album brought forward a Japanese version of "Oh!", as well as "Paparazzi" and "Flower Power". Girls' Generation's sixth studio album, I Got a Boy (2013), was preceded by a remake of Duffy's "Mercy", titled "Dancing Queen", which debuted at number two on the Billboard K-Pop Hot 100. The follow-up single, "I Got a Boy" debuted at number one on the Billboard K-Pop Hot 100 and has sold over one million digital units. The group's third Japanese studio album and seventh overall, Love & Peace and its singles "Love & Girls" and "Galaxy Supernova" were released throughout the year. In April 2015, the single "Catch Me If You Can" was released simultaneously in Japanese and Korean, marking the first release since former member Jessica left the group. The group then released their fifth Korean studio album Lion Heart in August 2015, which produced three singles: "Party", "Lion Heart", and "You Think". A year later, the group released a single titled "Sailing (0805)", in celebration of their ninth anniversary.The group's sixth Korean studio album Holiday Night was released in 2017 to commemorate their tenth anniversary. It peaked at number two on the Gaon Album Chart and produced two singles – "All Night" and "Holiday".

Got7 discography

Got7, a k-pop boy group based in South Korea, have released three studio albums, eleven EPs, twenty singles, and two box sets. Formed by JYP Entertainment in 2013, Got7 made their debut in January 2014 with the EP Got It?, which debuted at number two on the Gaon Albums Chart. The EP's lead single "Girls Girls Girls" peaked at number 21 on the Gaon Singles Chart. In October 2014, Got7 debuted in Japan with their first Japanese-language release "Around the World", peaking at number three on the Oricon's singles charts. A month later, Got7 returned to Korea to release their first full-length album Identify, and topped the albums chart.

Han Hye-ri

Han Hye-ri (born August 24, 1997) is a South Korean singer and actress. She is known as a former contestant of Produce 101 and as a member of the girl group I.B.I.

Laboum

Laboum (Hangul: 라붐; stylized as LABOUM) is a South Korean girl group that debuted in 2014 under NH Media and Nega Network's joint venture Global H Media. Their name is taken from the French term meaning "The Party".

List of Gaon Digital Chart number ones of 2010

The Gaon Digital Chart is a chart that ranks the best-performing singles in South Korea. Managed by the domestic Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (MCST), its data is compiled by the Korea Music Content Industry Association and published by the Gaon Music Chart. The ranking is based collectively on each single's weekly download sales, stream count, and background music usage. In mid-2008, the Recording Industry Association of Korea ceased publishing music sales data. The MCST established a process to collect music sales in 2009, and began publicly publishing its data with the introduction of the Gaon Music Chart the following February. With the creation of the Gaon Digital Chart, digital data for individual songs was provided in the country for the first time.In 2010, 35 singles claimed the top spot in 52 weeks of rankings. Gain and Jo Kwon's collaboration "We Fell in Love" became the first song to top the Digital Chart, doing so for three consecutive weeks. "Bad Girl Good Girl" by Miss A, the quartet's debut single, spent four consecutive weeks at number one on the Gaon Digital Chart. It went on to become the best-performing single of 2010, topping the year-end chart. Girls' Generation topped the chart with three different songs, more than any other act. On the monthly chart, Girls' Generation and IU had the most number-one singles, with two each. 2AM logged the most entries on the year-end chart, with five songs ranking in the top 100. "Can't Let You Go Even If I Die" was the most-downloaded song with 3,352,827 in sales.

List of Gaon Digital Chart number ones of 2017

The Gaon Digital Chart is a chart that ranks the best-performing singles in South Korea. Managed by the domestic Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (MCST), its data is compiled by the Korea Music Content Industry Association and published by the Gaon Music Chart. The ranking is based collectively on each single's download sales, stream count, and background music use. In mid-2008, the Recording Industry Association of Korea ceased publishing music sales data. The MCST established a process to collect music sales in 2009, and began publishing its data with the introduction of the Gaon Music Chart the following February. With the creation of the Gaon Digital Chart, digital data for individual songs was provided in the country for the first time. Gaon provides weekly (listed from Sunday to Saturday), monthly and yearly charts. Below is a list of singles that topped the weekly and monthly charts.

List of Gaon Digital Chart number ones of 2018

The Gaon Digital Chart is a chart that ranks the best-performing singles in South Korea. Managed by the domestic Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (MCST), its data is compiled by the Korea Music Content Industry Association and published by the Gaon Music Chart. The ranking is based collectively on each single's download sales, stream count, and background music use. In mid-2008, the Recording Industry Association of Korea ceased publishing music sales data. The MCST established a process to collect music sales in 2009, and began publishing its data with the introduction of the Gaon Music Chart the following February. With the creation of the Gaon Digital Chart, digital data for individual songs was provided in the country for the first time. Gaon provides weekly (listed from Sunday to Saturday), monthly and yearly charts. Below is a list of singles that topped the weekly and monthly charts.

List of best-selling albums in South Korea

The best-selling album in South Korea is Map of the Soul: Persona, by South Korean boy band BTS. The EP, released in April 2019, became the best-selling album in Korea of all time, with more than 3.2 million copies in less than a month. Including estimates based on illegal sales, Kim Gun-mo's 1995 studio album Wrongful Encounter is estimated to have sold at least 3.3 million copies.

Of all 67 albums, which sold more than one million copies, all are by Korean artists with the exception of Whitney Houston's The Bodyguard (1992). Kim Gun-mo and Seo Taiji are the artists with the most million selling albums, having each six, followed by BTS and Exo with each five. Exo's first studio album, XOXO, became the first album released since 2001 to sell more than 1 million copies in 2013 and BTS' Love Yourself: Answer, became the first album to sell more than 2 million copies since 2000 in 2018.Between January 1999 and November 2008, the Music Industry Association of Korea (MIAK) charts were published monthly, with fifty chart positions and each album's detailed sales. The Korea Music Content Association (KMCA) introduced the Gaon Album Chart in February 2011, including a detailed breakdown of online chart data. Domestic music sales declined sharply in the 21st century. Sales certifications for albums are awarded by the KMCA, were introduced in April 2018, and can be awarded to every album released after January 1, 2018. Certifications are not included in this list, because the Gaon Music Chart publishes detailed album sales.

Loona (group)

Loona (stylized as LOOΠΔ) is a South Korean girl group formed by Blockberry Creative. Its twelve members were revealed in a periodic fashion, corresponding to their Korean name Idarui Sonyeo (이달의 소녀), which translates to "Girl of the Month".

Loona commenced their pre-debut project in August 2016, with each member releasing a promotional single over the next eighteen months. The group has formed three sub-units: Loona 1/3, Loona Odd Eye Circle and Loona yyxy. Their debut EP as a full ensemble, [+ +] (2018), was supported by the lead single "Hi High".

Simon Dominic

Jung Ki-suck (Hangul: 정기석; born 9 March 1984), better known by his stage name Simon Dominic (Hangul: 사이먼 도미닉), is a South Korean hip hop recording artist. He debuted in 2009 as a member of the hip-hop duo Supreme Team, which disbanded in 2013. As a solo artist, he has released two studio albums: Simon Dominic Presents: SNL League Begins (2011) and Darkroom (2018), and one extended play: Won & Only (2015).In addition to rapping, Simon Dominic was the co-CEO of hip hop record label AOMG from 2014 to 2018. He was also a cast member on South Korean variety shows, including Show Me the Money 5 (2016) and I Live Alone (2018).

Super Junior discography

This is the discography of South Korean boy band Super Junior, produced and managed by SM Entertainment. Super Junior has formed five sub-groups, which target different markets. While their subgroups are not as commercially successful as the main group, they provide a new degree of critical appraisal. Super Junior-T, for example, brought influence to the younger generation on trot-styled music and Super Junior-M is credited as an influential group in the Chinese music industry.

The group has released nine studio albums, six CD singles, and six live albums. The group also contributed in a total of seven compilations and soundtracks. The releases below are music records officially released by Super Junior, although the group has also unofficially-released productions, such as opening themes for radio shows and television shows.

Their fourth album Bonamana is listed as the best-selling album of 2010 with 200,193 copies sold, and the repackaged version at ninth at 99,355 copies. On 12 April 2012, Gaon Chart announced that, up till the end of March 2012, their fifth studio album, Mr. Simple has sold a cumulative total of 548,164 copies in South Korea, the first to exceed half a million in four years in South Korea, hence making it the highest-selling album of their career.

Note:

1) For sub-groups's and individual member's discography, see their articles.

2) The following, except for the group's debut album, Super Junior 05 and their collaboration single with TVXQ, Show Me Your Love, both in which were released under the name of SuperJunior05, are music released and credited under the name of Super Junior. Up till 2008, South Korean chart and sales data were compiled by defunct Music Industry Association of Korea (MIAK), where upon in February 2010 Gaon Chart was launched with nationwide data from 2009. The releases are in Korean, unless otherwise specified.

Yoon Chae-kyung

Yoon Chae-kyung (born July 7, 1996), is a South Korean singer. She debuted in 2012 as a member of Puretty under DSP Media, and later became a member of both C.I.V.A (a girl group formed on the mockumentary series The God of Music 2) and I.B.I. Both groups debuted in 2016. In 2017, she became a member of the girl group April.

She has also appeared as a contestant on the talent "survival" shows Kara Project (2014) and Produce 101 (2016).

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