Gangwon-do (Korean pronunciation: [kaŋ.wʌn.do]) is a province of South Korea, with its capital at Chuncheon. It is bounded on the east part by the Sea of Japan (East Sea), and borders Gyeonggi Province to its west, and North Gyeongsang Province and North Chungcheong Province to its south. Its northern boundary is the Military Demarcation Line, separating it from North Korea's Kangwŏn Province. Before the division of Korea in 1945 Gangwon and Kangwŏn formed a single province. Pyeongchang County hosted the 2018 Winter Olympics and 2018 Winter Paralympics.
|• Revised Romanization||Gangwon-do|
(Yeongseo: western Gangwon; Yeongdong: eastern Gangwon)
|Subdivisions||7 cities; 11 counties|
|• Governor||Choi Moon-soon (Democratic)|
|• Total||16,875 km2 (6,515 sq mi)|
|• Density||90/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|• Flower||Royal azalea|
|• Tree||Korean pine|
|• Bird||Red-crowned crane|
|ISO 3166 code||KR-42|
(Yeongseo: western Gangwon dialect; Yeongdong: eastern Gangwon dialect)
Gangwon-do was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. The province was formed in 1395, and derived its name from the names of the principal cities of Gangneung (강릉; 江陵) and the provincial capital Wonju (원주; 原州).
In 1896 Korea was redivided into thirteen provinces, and the two districts were merged to re-form Gangwon-do Province. Although Wonju rejoined Gangwon-do province, the provincial capital was moved to Chuncheon, where it remains today.
In 1945 Gangwon-do (along with the rest of Korea) was divided by the 38th parallel north in 1945 into American and Soviet zones of occupation in the south and north respectively, which led to Wonsan joining the province's northern half in 1946 to serve as its administrative center. In 1948, the southern half of the province became part of the new Republic of Korea. As a result of the Korean War Armistice Agreement of 1953, the boundary between the South and North Korean portions of the province was shifted northward to the Military Demarcation Line.
Gangwon-do is bounded on the west by Gyeonggi-do province, on the south by the provinces of Chungcheongbuk-do and Gyeongsangbuk-do. To the north lies the province's North Korean counterpart, Kangwŏn province. The province's landscape is dominated by the Taebaek Mountains (called Taebaek Sanmaek) which almost reach the sea. As a consequence the coast is very steep.
Gangwon-do and its North Korean counterpart Kangwŏn are together referred to as the Gwandong region. The region west of the Taebaek Mountains is called Yeongseo, while the region east of the mountains is called Yeongdong. The term "Yeongdong" is frequently used in reference to transportation services from Seoul, the national capital. Thus, one might catch a bus or train on the "Yeongdong Line," or drive to Gangneung on the Yeongdong Expressway.
The climate of Gangwon-do is influenced by the latitude. In summer along with the higher temperature and there is high humidity, but in winter the weather can be very cold owing to high pressure from the east of the Asian continent. According to Korea Meteorological Administration's data, average temperature are very different. In Yongdong, average temperature is 11.0 °C, and Yeongseo is 10.8 °C. All province's average temperatures range from 6.6 to 13.1 °C. and the yearly amount of rainfall is 1300–1900 mm, and it's concentrated on mountain area. It is one of the snowiest areas in South Korea.
The area of Full of Gangwon-do(included North Korea's Province + South Korea's Province) is 20,569 km2 (7,941.74 sq mi), But in South Korea's province have gain 16,874.59 km2 (6,515.32 sq mi). The province is renowned for its agricultural produces, especially potatoes and fishes (cuttlefish and pollock). Mineral resources from the province include iron, coal, fluorite, limestone and tungsten. There are some hydroelectric, thermoelectric power plants in the region.
Many historical heritages are in this region, like the Later Silla era's Bell of Sangwonsa, North–South States Period era's Iron Seated Vairocana Buddha of Dopiansa Temple, Goryeo era's Main Gate of Imyeonggwan Guesthouse, and Joseon era's Documents of Sangwonsa Temple. Other popular heritages, like Ojukheon are located.
Established in 2002, Chuncheon National Museum is operated by the central government for the purpose of classifying and reserving. The local government also has some of museums, including Park Su-geun Art Museum, and Taebaek Coal Museum. Purpose-built private museums, such as ChamSori Gramophone Edison Museum are being operated.
In Gangwon Province, almost of the regions hold festivals. Gangneung Danoje is very famous and it was listed in UNESCO's Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
Geographically, Gangwon Province has several national parks as well as some natural monuments.
Because of its geographical environment, Gangwon Province is composed of mountains or basins. For the reason, locals mainly make food with potatoes or buckwheat. All regions of the province have seasoned vegetable rice. For example, Jeongseon County is famous with Jeongseon thistle rice; Yeongwol County is famous with Yeongwol buckwheat rolls; Hwacheon County is famous with Hwacheon trout rice in a stone bowl and Hwacheon goatsbeard rice; and Yanggu County is famous with Yanggu dried green radish cuisine. In coastal regions, they mainly eat fishes and salted seafood. For example, Donghae City is famous with Donghae steamed fish; Sokcho is famous with Sokcho Squid Sausages; and Samcheok is famous with blowfish soup. These are normally very simple and easy to cook, like the province's traditional food.
Thanks to the blessing of Taebaek Mountains, Gangwon Province has 4 national parks & several natural monuments.
Hantaan River penetrates Cheorwon County's volcanic terrain having several natural monuments. This area was a place of a fierce battle during the Korean War and it is a popular Rafting route nowadays. Around this river, the first Hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome virus, Hantaan River virus was found. This virus was named after the river. Hantavirus Genus is referred this virus's name.
Gangwon Province has many tourist attractions, as well as natural monuments, e.g., Namiseom, Tong-il Observatory (similar of Dora Observatory), Soyang Dam and Jeongdongjin. A memorial center of a famous novelist, Lee Hyo-seok is in Pyeongchang County. Along the coast of the Sea of Japan, many seaside resorts are located, including Gyongpo Seaside Resort.
The province also houses the largest Ski Resort in South Korea, the Yongpyong Resort.
In Gangwon-Province, some main lines are being operated. First of all, Jungang Line is connected to Seoul Metropolitan Subway System. Yeongdong Line and Taebaek Line are derived from the Jungang Line. Gyeonggang Line was constructed, but currently it's not perfectly connected to the Seoul Metropolitan Subway System. KTX trains launched from Seoul to Gangneung on 22 December 2017 via Gyeonggang Line, but they still run a part of the Jungang Line. In 2016, a plan was passed to extend the KTX line from Gangneung to Sokcho.
Gyeongwon Line and North Dong-hae Line of the main lines are blocked by the Military Demarcation Line.
Gangwon Province has several military airbases, while civil passengers can use only two airports, Wonju Airport and Yangyang International Airport. Wonju Airport is shared with the Republic of Korea Air Force, like Daegu International Airport and Gimhae International Airport,
Total Gangwon Province's road length is 9,800 km (6,100 mi), and the pavement was completed 75.1%. Some historical and traditional ridges have survived, like Daegwallyeong. It has many routes, like a Route 7 which is included in AH6.
It also has Controlled-access highways. Yeongdong Expressway is the first express way in the region, and Gwangju–Wonju Expressway, Jungang Expressway, Donghae Expressway, Seoul–Yangyang Expressway were built, afterwards. Seoul–Yangyang Expressway has the longest road tunnel in South Korea.
Like the railways, Gangwon Province is connected by intercity bus networks in South Korea. All cities and counties have intercity terminals, which connect other cities or counties in the region or connect outer cities, districts, and Inchon International Airport.
Gangwon Province has many harbours. Some harbours are a fishing port, but other harbours are used for special purposes. For example, Mukpo Harbour functions as an exporting hub for cement & coal from Taebaek Mountains. Sokcho Harbour functions as a fishing port, a passenger harbour and an exporting hub for iron ore. Also recently, Korea Gas Corporation built the LNG Platform Center in Hosan Harbour.
Gangwon FC bases itself in the region, owned by the Gangwon Province. Jin-seon Kim, the Governor of Gangwon Province announced to establish it on April 28, 2008 and it was established on December 18, 2008.
Also Daeyung Killer Whales was established in 2016, originally based in the region.
Wonju DB Promy is a professional basketball team, based in Wonju, Gangwon Province. It was established 1996. Currently, it donated coals in the collaboration with a local government-owned company, Korea Coal Corporation
|K League 1||Gangwon FC||2008|
|Korea National League||Gangneung City FC||1999|
|K3 League Advance||Chuncheon FC||2010|
|K3 League Basic||Pyeongchang FC||2008|
|WK League||Hwacheon KSPO WFC||2011|
|KBL||Wonju DB Promy||1996|
|Asia League Ice Hockey||High1||2004|
|Asia League Ice Hockey||Daemyung Killer Whales||2016|
The 1999 Asian Winter Games were held in Gangwon Province between 30 January and the 6th of February 1999. South Korea, the host nation ranked 2nd in these games.
In Pyoengchang, Gangwon Province, the 2018 Winter Olympics is being held from 9 to 25 February 2018 and the 2018 Winter Paralympics will be held from 9 to 18 March 2018. Almost all of the events will be held in Pyeongchang County. Alpine skiing events will be held in Jeongseon County, while some of indoor events will be held in Gangneung.
|— City —|
|1||Wonju||원주시||原州市||341,130||1 eup, 8 myeon, 16 haengjeong-dong|
|2||Chuncheon (Capital city)||춘천시||春川市||283,951||1 eup, 9 myeon, 15 haengjeong-dong|
|3||Gangneung||강릉시||江陵市||215,721||1 eup, 7 myeon, 13 haengjeong-dong|
|6||Samcheok||삼척시||三陟市||70,371||2 eup, 6 myeon, 4 haengjeong-dong|
|— County —|
|8||Hongcheon County||홍천군||洪川郡||70,961||1 eup, 9 myeon|
|9||Cheorwon County||철원군||鐵原郡||48,699||4 eup, 7 myeon|
|10||Hoengseong County||횡성군||橫城郡||46,662||1 eup, 8 myeon|
|11||Pyeongchang County||평창군||平昌郡||43,782||1 eup, 7 myeon|
|12||Jeongseon County||정선군||旌善郡||38,993||4 eup, 5 myeon|
|13||Yeongwol County||영월군||寧越郡||40,330||2 eup, 7 myeon|
|14||Inje County||인제군||麟蹄郡||33,061||1 eup, 5 myeon|
|15||Goseong County||고성군||高城郡||30,749||2 eup, 4 myeon|
|16||Yangyang County||양양군||襄陽郡||27,515||1 eup, 5 myeon|
|17||Hwacheon County||화천군||華川郡||26,489||1 eup, 4 myeon|
|18||Yanggu County||양구군||楊口郡||24,264||1 eup, 4 myeon|
The 4th Asian Winter Games were held from January 30 to February 6, 1999, in the province of Kangwon (Gangwon), South Korea. The games were staged in three different clusters in the province which were Yongpyong, Kangnung (Gangneung) and Chunchon (Chuncheon). The name Yongpyong was derived from the Yongpyong Resort.
On December 2, 1993, the Olympic Council of Asia announced that South Korea would host the 4th Asian Winter Games in 1999. South Korea initially aimed to host the previous 3rd games but hosted these 4th games which were decided at the same time with the 3rd games.Catholic Kwandong University
Catholic Kwandong University (가톨릭관동대학교) is a South Korean university located in Gangneung, Gangwon-do. The university was established in 1954.
The Kwandong Hockey Centre is on its grounds.Donghae City
Donghae (Korean pronunciation: [toŋ.ɦɛ̝]) is a city in Gangwon Province, South Korea. There are two major ports: Donghae Harbor and Mukho Harbor. The city is located on the Yeongdong Line railroad and the Donghae Expressway. Numerous caverns are found in the city, as in neighboring Samcheok. Hanzhong University is located here.Flea Market Cup
The Flea Market Cup is a professional tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts. It is part of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) Challenger Tour. The tournament, which started in 2005, was held in Busan, South Korea during 2003-08, and the location has been moved to Chuncheon in 2009.Goseong County, Gangwon
Goseong (Goseong-gun) is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea.
Prior to the 1953 Armistice which ceased the Korean War, Goseong (which is located north of the 38th parallel) was a part of North Korea. Kaesong, which is south of the 38th parallel and a part of South Korea before 1953, became part of the North after the Armistice.Halla University
Halla University is a private Korean University created in 1995 and located in Wonju.Hoengseong County
Hoengseong County is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea.
The roots of Codonopsis lanceolata (Korean: deodeok), a bonnet bellflower species, play an important role in local agriculture.
Korean Minjok Leadership Academy, a notable boarding school, is located in the county.Hwacheon County
Hwacheon County (Hwacheon-gun) is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea. The northern border is, in some places, within nine kilometres of the Korean Demilitarized Zone. Neighboring counties are Cheorwon to the northwest and north, Yanggu to the east, Chuncheon to the south, and the Gyeonggi-do province to the southwest. The county consists largely of mountains and rivers, between which are small farming communities, military bases and military training grounds. The area is renowned for its rivers, lake trout, indigenous otters, and natural scenery.Namiseom
Namiseom or Nami Island (Korean: 남이섬) is a half-moon shaped island located in Chuncheon, Gangwon Province, South Korea, formed as the land around it was inundated by the rising water of the North Han River as the result of the construction of Cheongpyeong Dam in 1944. Its name originates from General Nami, who died at the age of 28 after being falsely accused of treason during the reign of King Sejo, the seventh king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. Although his grave was not discovered, there were a pile of stones where his body was supposed to be buried. It was believed that if someone took even one stone from there, it would bring misfortune to their house. A tour company arranged the grave with soil and then developed Namiseom into an amusement park.Samcheok
Samcheok (Korean pronunciation: [sam.tɕʰʌk̚]) is a city in Gangwon-do, South Korea.Taebaek
Taebaek (Korean pronunciation: [tʰɛ̝.bɛ̝k̚]) is a city in Gangwon province, South Korea. Its name is shared with that of the Taebaek Mountains. Situated at an altitude of 650 to 700 m (2,130 to 2,300 ft), Taebaek is the highest city in South Korea.Woljeong-ri Station
Woljeong-ri Station is a closed railway station on the Gyeongwon Line in South Korea. It was closed by the Korean War. It is a noted place in the Korean Demilitarized Zone.Wonju
Wonju (Korean pronunciation: [wʌn.dʑu]) is the most populous city in Gangwon province, South Korea.
Wonju is a city approximately 140 kilometres (87 mi) east of Seoul and the capital can be reached within 1hr 20 minutes by bus or train. Wonju was the site of three crucial battles during the Korean War.Wonju Airport
Wonju Airport is an airport in Wonju, Gangwon province, South Korea (IATA: WJU, ICAO: RKNW). During the Korean War it was designated K-46 (Hoengsong Air Base) by the United States Air Force. The airport is mainly for military use. In 2011, 70,943 passengers utilized the airport.Only one parking space is capable of handling a Boeing 737-900. The airport has a single daily scheduled flight, currently operated by Korean Air to Jeju.Wonju DB Promy
The Wonju DB Promy is a professional basketball club in the Korean Basketball League.Yanggu County, Gangwon
Yanggu County (Yanggu-gun) is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea.
The northern part of Yanggu County was part of the front line for much of the Korean War, and now borders the Demilitarized Zone. Several Korean War battle sites are located in Yanggu County, including Bloody Ridge, Heartbreak Ridge, and Hill 1179 (Daeusan).
Yanggu is located in what is claimed to be the geographic center of the Korean peninsula. Dochon-ri village in Nam-myeon in Yanggu is called the "navel of Korea".Yangyang County
Yangyang County (Yangyang-gun) is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea. The county is located in the northeast of the country in Gangwon-do. Its population is about 31,000 (2004).
The Yangyang area is well known for its pine mushrooms (song-i), its fish—particularly salmon—and its sunrises.Yeongwol Challenger Tennis
Yeongwol Challenger Tennis is a professional tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts in Yeongwol County, South Korea. The first event was held on November 2013. Although the actual prize money is $35,000, the tournament belongs to the category of $50,000 and the ranking point is 80 for the winner, and 48 for the runner-up.Yeongwol County
Yeongwol County (Yeongwol-gun) is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea.
Well known as the place where King Danjong, the sixth king of Joseon Dynasty, was exiled when he was forced to abdicate by his uncle, who became Sejo of Joseon. It is also where Danjong was buried after he was murdered in 1457, following the attempts by six martyred ministers to restore him to power, after he was perceived to be a continuing threat to the rule of his uncle. It is also where the Joseon Dynasty poet Kim Sat-gat is buried.
Places adjacent to Gangwon Province, South Korea
|Special autonomous province|
|Special autonomous city|
|The Committee for the|
Five Northern Korean Provinces
Host cities of Asian Games