Gandhinagar

Gandhinagar /ɡɑːndɪˈnɑːɡər/ (pronunciation ) is the capital of the state of Gujarat in Western India. Gandhinagar is located approximately 23 km north of Ahmedabad, on the west central point of the Industrial corridor between Delhi, the political capital of India, and Mumbai, the financial capital of India.

Gandhinagar, Gujarat's new capital city, lies on the west bank of the Sabarmati River, about 545 km (338 miles) north of Mumbai, the financial capital of India and 901 km (560 miles) southwest of Delhi, the political capital.[4] There is a provision of parks, extensive planting and a recreational area along the river giving the city a green garden-city atmosphere.[4]

The Akshardham temple is located in Gandhinagar.[5] There was a determination to make Gandhinagar a purely Indian enterprise, partly because the state of Gujarat was the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi.[4] For this reason, the planning was done by two Indian town planners: Prakash M Apte & H. K. Mewada, who had apprenticed with Le Corbusier in Chandigarh.

Gandhinagar
Akshardham Mandir
Gandhinagar is located in Gujarat
Gandhinagar
Gandhinagar
Location in Gujarat
Gandhinagar is located in India
Gandhinagar
Gandhinagar
Gandhinagar (India)
Coordinates: 23°13′23″N 72°39′00″E / 23.223°N 72.650°ECoordinates: 23°13′23″N 72°39′00″E / 23.223°N 72.650°E
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictGandhinagar
Named forMahatma Gandhi
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyGandhinagar Municipal Corporation
 • Municipal CommissionerS.L.Amrani I.A.S
 • MayorPravin Patel
Area
 • Total177 km2 (68 sq mi)
Elevation
81 m (266 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total292,167
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi, and English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN CODE
382010[2]
Telephone code079 [3]
Vehicle registrationGJ-18
Websitegujaratindia.com

History

The city Gandhinagar was planned by Chief Architect H.K. Mewada, educated at Cornell University, and his assistant Prakash M Apte.[6][7][8]

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[9] Gandhinagar had a population of 195,891. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Gandhinagar has an average literacy rate of 77.11%. Male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 73%. In Gandhinagar, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Over 95% of the population of Gandhinagar are Hindus.

Geography

Gandhinagar has an average elevation of 81 metres (266 feet). The city sits on the banks of the Sabarmati River, in north-central-East Gujarat. The 20,543 km2 Area Around Gandhinagar is defined by Gujarat capital Territory. It spans an area of 205 km2 (79 sq mi). The river frequently dries up in the summer, leaving only a small stream of water. Gandhinagar is India's tree capital With 54% green cover on its land area.[10]

Climate

Gandhinagar
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.6
 
 
28
12
 
 
1.1
 
 
31
14
 
 
1
 
 
36
19
 
 
0.9
 
 
40
23
 
 
6
 
 
42
26
 
 
109
 
 
38
27
 
 
265
 
 
33
26
 
 
220
 
 
32
25
 
 
172
 
 
33
24
 
 
11
 
 
36
21
 
 
8.9
 
 
33
17
 
 
2.6
 
 
30
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [11]
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
0.1
 
 
83
53
 
 
0
 
 
88
57
 
 
0
 
 
97
66
 
 
0
 
 
104
74
 
 
0.2
 
 
107
79
 
 
4.3
 
 
101
81
 
 
10
 
 
92
78
 
 
8.7
 
 
89
77
 
 
6.8
 
 
92
75
 
 
0.4
 
 
96
70
 
 
0.4
 
 
92
62
 
 
0.1
 
 
86
55
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Gandhinagar has a tropical wet and dry climate with three main seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. The climate is generally dry and hot outside of the monsoon season. The weather is hot to severely hot from March to June when the maximum temperature stays in the range of 36 to 42 °C (97 to 108 °F), and the minimum in the range of 19 to 27 °C (66 to 81 °F). It is pleasant in the winter days and quite chilling in the night during December to February. The average maximum temperature is around 29 °C (84 °F), the average minimum is 14 °C (57 °F), and the climate is extremely dry. The southwest monsoon brings a humid climate from mid-June to mid-September.[12] The average annual rainfall is around 803.4 mm (31.63 in).

Governance and politics

On 1 May 1960, Gujarat was created out of the 17 northern districts of former State of Bombay. These districts were further subdivided later on. There are 33 administrative districts in the state. Gandhinagar is a politics hub for the state of Gujarat. Sri L.k. Advani is Present Elected member for 19 years from Gandhinagar seat in Loksabha Election.[13]

Congress won the first municipality election in 2011.[14] Mahendrasinh Rana became the first mayor of the city.

In 2017, Gujarat Legislative Election Shambhuji Thakor was elected on Gandhinagar South constituency and Dr. C. J. Chavda from Indian National Congress party was elected from Gandhinagar North constituency.

Transport

GandhinagarRoad
Gandhinagar Road

Air

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport located in Ahmedabad is 18 km away from Gandhinagar, providing both domestic and international flights.

Rail

Gandhinagar Metro
MEGA Ahmedabad Metro Network Map August 2015
Overview
OwnerGovernment of Gujarat
LocaleGandhinagar, India
Transit typeRapid Transit
Number of lines4
Operation
Operator(s)MEGACL

Gandhinagar Capital railway station (GNC ) is located in Sector 14. Many trains running on the western zones pass through Gandhinagar. Currently there are 5 trains running from this station in which 3 are express trains and 2 are MEMU trains.Jaipur-Bandra Garib Rath, Haridwar mail for Delhi and Haridwar and Shanti Express for Indore Junction BG are main express trains running through this station.

Ahmedabad Railway Station in Kalupur Ahmedabad is the nearest rail junction (25 km away) which provides connectivity with all the major cities and towns of India. The Indian Railways transports are Available for Moving in Northern India & Eastern India From Kalol Railway Station.

Metro-Link Express for Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad

The Governing Body of Gujarat planned for rapid transit in the city by proposing the Metro-Link Express for Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad (MEGA) also known as the Ahmedabad Metro. The contract for the four corridors of the system were awarded to Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) which also manages the Delhi Metro.[15][16] Delhi Metro carried out a pre-feasibility survey in 2004–05. In 2003, when the project was conceived, its cost was worked out at Rs 45 billion.

The DMRC (Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd) has already done its techno-feasibility study and submitted its report.

Ola and Uber

The city is blessed by one of the cheapest fare tariffs for the national network of cab service providers with a high demand and supply ratio for its auto service.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Gujarat (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts".
  2. ^ "PIN Code: Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India". findpincode.net.
  3. ^ "Change in Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar phone numbers - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-03-03.
  4. ^ a b c "Information about History of Gandhinagar City – Gujarat". Gujaratguideonline.com. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  5. ^ "SBI IFSC Code: Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India". Sbiifsccode.co.in.
  6. ^ New development plan will kill G’nagar, warns original planner. The Times of India.
  7. ^ Architecture, Low Cost Housing, Regional Planning, Urban Development, Town Planner, Housing, India, Prakash, Madhusudan, Apte, Eisenhover, Gandhinagar, Urban Planning, Urban Growth. Angelfire.com (21 June 2014).
  8. ^ The building of GANDHINAGAR NEW CAPITAL OF GUJARAT:INDIA, Prakash Madhusudan Apte, Power Publishers, March 2012
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  10. ^ "With 54% green cover, Gandhinagar India's tree capital – The Times of India". The Times of India.
  11. ^ IMD Archived 4 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Gandhinagar Weather – Records and Averages". Yahoo! Inc. Archived from the original on 14 May 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2006.
  13. ^ "MP Elections : Mallika Sarabhai to contest against Advani «  India Elections 2014, India, News, Update, Analysis, Predictions, Results".
  14. ^ "Congress wins maiden Gandhinagar civic poll – The Times of India". The Times of India.
  15. ^ "Govt lines up Rs 1 lakh cr for Metro projects-Railways-Transportation-News By Industry-News-The Economic Times". The Economic Times. 6 June 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  16. ^ "Delhi Metro to discuss Ahmedabad-Gandhinagar link – Ahmedabad – City". The Times of India. 6 June 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2010.

External links

Akshardham (Gandhinagar)

Swaminarayan Akshardham in Gandhinagar, Gujarat is a large Hindu temple complex inspired by Yogiji maharaj the fourth spiritual successor of Lord Swaminarayan according to the denomination of Swaminarayan Hinduism, and created by Pramukh Swami, the fifth spiritual successor of Lord Swaminarayan according to the denomination of Swaminarayan Hinduism. Located in the capital of Gujarat, the complex was built over 13 years and is a tribute to Lord Swaminarayan and his life and teachings. At the center of the 23-acre complex is the Akshardham mandir, which is built from 6,000 metric tons of pink sandstone from Rajasthan. The complex's name refers to the divine abode of Swaminarayan in the BAPS philosophy; followers of Swaminarayan believe that the jiva or soul goes to Akshardham after attaining moksha, or liberation. BAPS followers worship Swaminarayan as God almighty.

Gandhi Nagar, Kochi

Gandhi Nagar is one of the two earliest (the other being Panampilly Nagar) planned housing colonies in Kadavanthra region of Kochi city in the state of Kerala, India. It was developed by the end of the 1970s by Greater Cochin Development Authority, the statutory body overseeing the development of Kochi. What is now Gandhi Nagar was, in the 1970s, abandoned paddy fields, and wet lands. The land was developed by filling with earth from the hills of Kakkanad, and a planned housing colony was developed.

Gandhinagar Airport

Gandhinagar Airport (ICAO: VANR) was a public airport serving the city of Nashik, in the state of Maharashtra, India until when it was taken over by the Indian Army to convert the airport into a Military Airbase.

Gandhinagar Capital railway station

Gandhinagar Railway Station or Gandhinagar Capital (Station Code: GNC) is a major railway station of Gandhinagar city of Gujarat.

Gandhinagar Jaipur railway station

Gandhi Nagar Jaipur railway station (station code - GADJ) is a railway station in Jaipur. It is located in Bajaj nagar area of the city. It is close to Tonk Road and Jawahar Lal Nehru Marg (Jaipur) and mainly caters to the southern areas of the city. Many trains to and from Delhi have a stoppage at this station.

Gandhinagar district

Gandhinagar district is an administrative division of Gujarat, India, whose headquarters are at Gandhinagar, the state capital. It was organized in 1964.

It has an area of 649 km², and a population of 1,334,455 of which 35.02% were urban (2001 census). The district includes Gandhinagar with three Suburbs - Motera, Adalaj. The four tehsils are - Gandhinagar, Kalol INA, Dahegam and Mansa - and 216 villages.

Gandhinagar district is bounded by the districts of Sabarkantha and Aravalli to the northeast, Kheda to the southeast, Ahmedabad to the southwest, and Mehsana to the northwest.

Connected to Ahmedabad by the Sarkhej-Gandhinagar highway, and with Vadodara with the Ahmedabad-Vadodara highway, these three cities form the top population centres and commercial heart of Gujarat and western India.

Gandhinagar city is a well planned city like Chandigarh (State Capital of Haryana & Punjab, India) which is having 30 sectors which are of 1 km each in Length and Width. Each sector has a primary school, a secondary school, a higher secondary school, a medical dispensary, a shopping centre and a maintenance office.

Gandhinagar has infocity nearby which is housing IT companies. Many big IT companies like TCS, Cybage has presence in infocity whereas PCS is located at GIDC area. Many more companies are planning to come to infocity. Etech, Inc., one of the major BPO players in Gujarat is also based here along with operations in Vadodara and Texas.Akshardham Gandhinagar is situated in Sector-20. It is one of the major Hindu Temple complex of Gujarat.

Gandhinagar has many educational institutions like Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of ICT, EDI, Indian Plasma Research Institute, and Gujarat Law University. Gandhinagar's Education level is highest in Gujarat, 87.11% all over the Gujarat, therefore Gandhinagar is most popular City & Called "THE HEART" Of Gujarat.

Gujarat Legislative Assembly

Gujarat Legislative Assembly or Gujarat Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Gujarat. It is situated in the capital Gandhinagar. Presently, 182 members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected from the single-seat constituencies and one member is nominated. It has term of 5 years unless it is dissolved sooner. 13 constituencies are reserved for scheduled castes and 27 constituencies for scheduled tribes.

Gujarat Metro

Ahmedabad Metro, (formerly Metro-Link Express for Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad or MEGA) is an under construction mass-transit rail system for the cities of Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar in Gujarat, India. It is being built by Gujarat Metro Rail Corporation (GMRC) Limited., a special purpose vehicle company constituted in 2018 to implement all metro projects in the state of Gujarat - currently Ahmedabad Metro and Surat Metro.

Ahmedabad Metro (formarly MEGA) is

established in February 2010 and the Phase–1 of the project was approved in October 2014. Construction of Ahmedabad Metro started on 14 March 2015, and Phase I is expected to be completed by 2020.

Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar

Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar (also known as IIT Gandhinagar or IITGN) is a public engineering institution located in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. It has been declared to be an Institute of National Importance by the Government of India.

Kalol Junction railway station

Kalol Junction Railway Station is a railway station in Kalol, Gandhinagar of Gujarat, India. Its code is KLL. Kalol lies on the main railway line connecting Ahmedabad to Jaipur. Kalol Junction railway station is under Ahmedabad Division of Western Railways. Gandhinagar Capital is connected to Kalol via Kalol - Gandhinagar - Khodiyar line. Passenger and Express trains halt here.

Kalol Junction is well connected by rail to Bandra Terminus, Ahmedabad Junction, Haridwar Junction, Bikaner Junction, Jaipur Junction, Jodhpur Junction, Mahesana Junction and Patan.

List of institutions of higher education in Gujarat

Gujarat has both private and public universities, many of which are supported by the Government of India and the state government - Government of Gujarat. Apart from these there are private universities supported by various bodies and societies. Here is a list of research organisations and educational institutions of Gujarat.

Mansa, Gujarat

Mansa is a town with municipality and former princely state, in Gandhinagar district in the western Indian state of Gujarat.

National Highway 147 (India)

National Highway 147, commonly referred to as NH 147 is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 5. NH-505A traverses the state of Himachal Pradesh in India. Sarkhej–Gandhinagar Highway is part of national highway 147.

National Institute of Design

The National Institute of Design (NID) is a design school in Ahmedabad, India. The institute functions as an autonomous body under the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India. NID is recognised by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research under Ministry of Science and Technology, government of India, as a scientific and industrial design research organisation.

NID is accorded as "Institute of National Importance" by Act of Parliament, under the National Institute of Design Act, 2014.

National Institute of Fashion Technology

National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) is a group of fashion colleges in India. It was established in 1986 under the aegis of the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India and is an institution of design, management and technology for the international fashion business.

NIFT was granted statutory status in 2006, empowering it to award degrees and other academic distinctions.

Punadra

Punadra is a town and former Kshatriya Koli princely state in Gujarat, western India.

The village in Dehgam Taluka in Gandhinagar district.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport (SVPIA) (IATA: AMD, ICAO: VAAH) is an international airport serving the cities of Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar in Gujarat, India. The airport is located in Hansol, 9 km (5.6 mi) north of central Ahmedabad. It is named after Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the 1st Deputy Prime Minister of India.

In fiscal year 2017-18, it handled about 9.2 million passengers making it the eighth-busiest airport in terms of passenger traffic in India. The airport serves as a focus city for GoAir. In 2015, the government started the procedure for the privatization of the airport. New Dholera International Airport is being developed due to expansion constraints at the current airport.

It was awarded as “Most improved airport” in Asia-Pacific region by the Airports Council International for 2017.

Sarkhej–Gandhinagar Highway

The Sarkhej–Gandhinagar Highway, colloquially the S.G. Road or S.G. Highway, connects the city of Ahmedabad with Gandhinagar, the capital of the state of Gujarat, India. It forms the major part of NH 8C that connects Sarkhej with Chiloda near Gandhinagar. It is a major artery road for commercial and public transport and is witnessing a major construction boom along its route towards Gandhinagar.

Varsoda

Varsoda is a small village located in Mansa, Gujarat, on the bank of the Sabarmati River, formerly seat of an eponymous petty Rajput princely state. It is approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Gandhinagar, the state capital of Gujarat.

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