Ganderbal

Ganderbal is a centrally located district and a municipality committee in Ganderbal district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It has an average elevation of 1,619 metres (5,312 feet). It is bordered by district Srinagar in the south, Bandipore to the north, Kargil in the northeast, Anantnag to the south-east and Baramulla in the south-west. It is divided into four blocks viz, Ganderbal, Kangan, Lar and Wakoora. Nallah Sindh, a major tributary to the Jehlum river flows through this district. The water of the river is mainly used for irrigation and generation of Hydroelectricity. There are three Hydroelectric Power Stations, Lower Sindh Hydroelectric Power Project Ganderbal, Upper Sindh Hydroelectric Power Project 1st Kangan and Upper Sindh Hydroelectric Power Project 2nd Sumbal generating electricity on the river Nallah Sindh. Besides, the water of the river is used for drinking by the whole Srinagar city through Rangil Water Treatment Plant. Water rafting tournaments are being organised at the world-famous tourist destination Sonamarg every year, to boost the tourism industry of Kashmir valley. Besides Manasbal lake, Gangabal Lake at the foot of Mount Haramukh is one of the famous destinations of foreign tourists visiting the valley. The lakes of Vaishnosar and Gadsar Lake, situated north of Sonamarg are the beautiful mountain lakes of the world. Administrative Units:- District Ganderbal has 2 Assembly Constituencies:- 16-Kangan 17-Ganderbal District Ganderbal has 1 Sub-division:- Kangan District Ganderbal has 6 Tehsils:- Ganderbal Kangan Lar Tullamulla Gund Wakura

District Ganderbal has 9 CD Blocks:- Ganderbal Kangan Lar Wakoora Gund Shearpathri Phaag Manigam Batwina

Ganderbal shelters the majority of the Pashtun population (Pathans) of the state mainly residing in Gutlibagh area, nearly 10 Kilometres from the district headquarters. The majority people of the village speak Pashto or Afghani and are the descendants of Afghans or Pashtuns.

Gutlibagh is a Village in Ganderbal Block in Ganderbal District of Jammu & Kashmir State, India. It is located 10 km towards East from District headquarters Ganderbal. 17 km from State capital Srinagar.

Gutlibagh Pin code is 191201 and postal head office is Ganderbal.

Gutlibagh is surrounded by Lar Block towards west, Wakura Block towards west, Kangan Block towards East, Narbal Block towards South.

The Pakhtoons of Gutlibagh are actually the migrants of Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (formerly Soba Sarhad) who had migrated here around the 1940s and now they possess Permanent Resident Certificates (PRCs). The PRCs were allotted to them because of the then PM and later CM of the state Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad by the request of his spiritual master (Shaikh/Murshid), the renowned Sufi saint Hazrat Alhaj Mir Muhammad Alam Naqshbandi of Swat Pakistan now Gutlibagh Ganderbal. Later Alhaj Mir Muhammad Alam Naqshbandi was raised to the position of MLC from Ganderbal Constituency.

Pathans in Kashmir (also called Kashmiri Pathans) include Pashtun people (Pathans)who still follow Pashtunwali and speak Pashto as their mother-tongue who have settled in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir region of South Asia. While there are also a large number of Muslims throughout Kashmir who claim Pashtun ancestry through forefathers who migrated to the region under the Afghan rule in Kashmir. While exact numbers are hard to determine, cursory estimates put the number of these Pathans or Pashtuns above 100,000. Many of these Pathans have over time absorbed Kashmiri and use Kashmiri language as their first language, although some people following Pashtunwali customs and aspects of Pashtun culture and Pashto are still notably practised among the community, but are largely few in number and reside in certain areas only in which Gutlibagh Ganderbal is popular throughout the state.

Ganderbal
Ganderbal is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Ganderbal
Ganderbal
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Ganderbal is located in India
Ganderbal
Ganderbal
Ganderbal (India)
Coordinates: 34°14′N 74°47′E / 34.23°N 74.78°ECoordinates: 34°14′N 74°47′E / 34.23°N 74.78°E
Country India
StateJammu and Kashmir
DistrictGanderbal
Elevation
1,619 m (5,312 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total297,446
Languages
 • OfficialUrdu
 • SpokenKashmiri
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK16
Websitewww.ganderbal.nic.in

Religious Places

There are many religious holy places in Ganderbal. They include:Qamria Shrine, Mata kheer Bawani and Mir Sahab Shrine Etc

Geography

Ganderbal (गांदरबल گاندربل) is located at 34°14′N 74°47′E / 34.23°N 74.78°E.[1] It has an average elevation of 1,619 metres (5,312 feet) above sea level. It is bordered by the Srinagar district in the south, Bandipore to the north, Kargil in the northeast, Anantnag to the southeast. It is divided into seven Tehsils viz, Ganderbal, Kangan, Lar, Tulmulla, Gund, Nagbal and Wakoora.

Power project

The Sind River, a major tributary to the Jehlum River flows through this district. The water of the river is mainly used for irrigation, and generation of hydroelectricity. There are three hydroelectric power stations, Lower Sindh Hydroelectric Power Project Ganderbal, Upper Sindh Hydroelectric Power Project 1st Kangan and Upper Sindh Hydroelectric Power Project 2nd Sumbal generating electricity on the Sind River. Besides, the water of the river is used for drinking by Srinagar city through Rangil Water Treatment Plant.[2]

Tourism

Water rafting tournaments are being organised at the tourist destination of Sonamarg every year, to boost the tourism industry of Kashmir valley. Besides Manasbal lake, Gangabal Lake[3] at the foot of Mount Haramukh is one of the destinations of foreign tourists visiting the valley. Vaishnosar Lake and Gadsar Lake are situated north of Sonamarg.

Development

Despite the fact that in the past Ganderbal has remained CM‘s[4] constituency,[5] it is quite behind in development as compared to other districts. Now Ganderbal constituency is represented by Sheikh Ishfaq Jabbar who defeated qazi afzal by a little margin of 461 votes in recently held state assembly elections 2014. The State government has not shown seriousness towards the development of the district. The only Central University[6] of Kashmir Valley is being constructed in district Ganderbal. One Faculty, the Faculty of Forestry of Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir is under construction at Benhama, with the objective to boost the economy and education of the district, which is well behind at present. Besides, there is a stadium which holds a record of playing a day-night matches Physical education college, the only one in the state, is situated at {Gadoora Ganderbal} some 3.5  km away from district headquarters.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[7] Ganderbal had a population of 297446.[8] Males constitute 53.36% of the population and females 46.64%. Ganderbal has an average literacy rate of 58.04%, lower than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 68.85%, and female literacy is 45.71%. In Ganderbal, 17.01% of the population is under 6 years of age.[9]

Education

There is a Physical Education College, a Sainik School[10] Mansbal, Industrial Training Institute, a Degree college and many higher secondary schools. In addition, a polytechnic college has been recently constructed in the lands of hoakersar and its current status is active. The under construction Central University of Kashmir in Ganderbal at Tullamula also class work started at main campus and different government accommodations at different places until all buildings may be setup or were fully Constructed there. Since 1 April 2007 Ganderbal is now a district carved out from Srinagar. there is a newly created engineering college namely GCET govt college of engineering and technology Safapora Ganderbal(under construction).

See also

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Ganderbal. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 2011-12-14.
  2. ^ Rangil Water Treatment Plant finds hard to feed tail-end areas Lastupdate:- Fri, 4 Sep 2009 18:30:00 GMT. Greaterkashmir.com (2009-09-04). Retrieved on 2011-12-14.
  3. ^ Gangabal Lake in India. India9.com (2005-06-07). Retrieved on 2011-12-14.
  4. ^ Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir
  5. ^ Electoral constituency
  6. ^ Central University of Kashmir, Ganderbal | CareerPages. Careerpages.in. Retrieved on 2011-12-14.
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  8. ^ census of India official website, www.census2011.co.in
  9. ^ this is census of India 2011, www.census2011.co.in
  10. ^ J&K Sainik School Manasbal- Village (Borus). Wikimapia.org. Retrieved on 2011-12-14.
90 Feet Road

90 Feet Road is the southern segment of the Srinagar-Leh Highway (National Highway 1D), which connects Srinagar with Ladakh. The 90 Feet Road begins in Soura, Srinagar, about 11.1 km north of the commercial centre of Lal Chowk. It extends north for seven kilometres (4.3 mi) and ends at Pandach, Ganderbal. Thereafter, NH 1D turns eastward toward Leh.

Its name reflects the fact that it is 90 feet (27 m) wide throughout. Locals call it Nammath, which is "ninety" in the Kashmiri language.

Gadsar Lake

The Gadsar Lake or the Yemsar Lake also called as the lake of flowers is a picturesque, alpine high altitude oligotrophic lake in Ganderbal district of Kashmir valley at an elevation of 3600 metres. It has a max. length of 0.85 kilometres and max. width of 0.76 kilometres.

Ganderbal district

Ganderbal is a newly formed district of the state of Jammu and Kashmir of India. It has 6 tehsils Ganderbal tehsil, Tullamulla, Wakoora, Laar, Kangan and Gund.

Gangabal Lake

The Gangbal Lake also called Gangbal Lake, is a lake situated at the foothills of Mount Haramukh (the second highest mountain peak in the vicinity of Kashmir valley) in Ganderbal district, north of Srinagar city in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is an alpine high altitude oligotrophic lake, home to many species of fish, including the brown trout.The lake has a maximum length of two and a half kilometers and maximum width of one kilometre. It is fed by precipitation, glaciers and springs. The lake water outflows to a nearby Nundkol Lake and then via Wangath Nallah to Sind River.

Harmukh

Harmukh (also known as Mount Haramukh or Harmukh mountain) is a mountain with a peak elevation of 5,142 metres (16,870 ft), in Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir. Harmukh is part of the Himalaya Range, and is located between Nallah Sindh in the south and Kishanganga Neelum River in the north, rising above Gangabal Lake in the vicinity of Kashmir valley. It is mostly climbed from the northwestern side of Arin Bandipore.

Kangan, Jammu and Kashmir

Kangan is a town and a notified area committee in Ganderbal district, of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is situated across the Nallah Sindh and spread over a 50 km long gorge valley.

Kashmir Valley

The Kashmir Valley, also known as the Vale of Kashmir, is a valley in the portion of the Kashmir region administered by India. The valley is bounded on the southwest by the Pir Panjal Range and on the northeast by the main Himalayas range. It is approximately 135 km long and 32 km wide, and drained by the Jhelum River.Kashmir division is one of the three administrative divisions of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kashmir division borders Jammu Division to the south and Ladakh to the east while Line of Control forms its northern and the western border. The division consists of the following districts: Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Bandipore, Ganderbal, Kupwara, Kulgam, Pulwama, Shopian and Srinagar.

Krishansar Lake

The Krishansar Lake is an alpine high altitude oligotrophic lake situated in the vicinity of Sonamarg, less than one kilometer from Vishansar Lake north westwards at an elevation of 3710 meters. It has a maximum length of 0.95 kilometers and maximum width of 0.6 kilometers.

Lar, Jammu and Kashmir

Lar is a town and a notified area committee in Ganderbal district of Central Kashmir , in Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is a newly established tehsil carved out of Ganderbal Tehsil. It is situated 25 km from heart of the summer capital, Srinagar , on National Highway (NH 1D) between the foothills of the Himalayan mountains in the north and the picturesque Zabarwan Hills in the south.The Sind River, a major tributary to the Jehlum River flows through Lar. The famous Manasbal Lake lies a few kilometres away from the Town centre.

Mian Bashir Ahmed

Mian Bashir Ahmed Laaravi (born November 1923) is a Kashmiri politician and a religious person in Jammu and Kashmir.

He was born in November 1923 in Wanghat, Kashmir.

Nawabagh Ganderbal

Nawabagh is the notified area and village in Ganderbal district in Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. The place is famous for production of apples, cherry, peach, apricot, walnut and pears which are exported all over India. The varieties of Apples that grow in the area include American apple, Delicious, Golden, Kullu Delicious, Amur, Red Gold, Razak Wari and Maharaji. The postal code of the area is 193501.

Nundkol Lake

The Nundkol Lake or Nund Kol also known as Kalodaka Lake is an oligotrophic alpine lake situated in the Kashmir Valley, in Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Satsar Lake

The Satsar Lake or Sat Sar (literal English translation: “the seven lakes”) consists of seven small alpine lakes situated in the Kashmir Valley, in Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Sind River

The Sind River or the Sindh River is a river in the Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir state of India. It is a major tributary of the Jehlum River and is 108 kilometres long.

Sirbal Peak

Sirbal Peak is a mountain with a peak elevation of 5,235 metres (17,175 ft), in Ganderbal district of Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, in the vicinity of Sonamarg. Sirbal Peak is part of the Himalaya Range, and is located between Sonamarg and Baltal. It lies 102 km northeast from Srinagar, 5 km from Sonamarg in the east. Sirbal Peak lies 6 km west of Zojila. It rises from a glacier 5 km ahead from Sonamarg on left side of NH 1D. The melt waters from the glacier add to the flow of Nallah Sindh.Sirbal Peak is visible from Sonamarg head towards north and from Nichinai pass towards east.

Srinagar Metro

The Srinagar Metro is a rapid transit proposed for the city of Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. The proposed system consists of 2 corridors span from Gallandar in Pulwama district to Narbal Chowk in Budgam district and another from Nowgam Railway Station to Ganderbal . and the plan is scrapped now. No construction is expected

Wakura

Wakura is the village located in Ganderbal district, Jammu and Kashmir. In 2013 it was given the status of Tehsil with Tehsil headquarters located in the same village.

Zazun

Zazna is a village in Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. The village provides a number of apple varieties, including 'Delicious' and 'American'. Zazna is somewhat between a village and a town, and is located on the Srinagar-Leh highway equidistant from Srinagar and Kangan, being nearly 25 away from both.

The literacy rate of village is 100%.

There is a fruit and vegetable Mandi in Zazna, where people from many local areas sell their fruits.

There is also a sports ground which is suitable for cricket, football, and volleyball.

Agriculture is the main source of economy and it shares 90% of total income. The major part of income comes from apples and other fruits such as cherries, pears and walnut.

On one side of Zazna are high mountains which serve as grasslands for cattle grazing.

Zukura

Zukura is the notified area and town in Srinagar district of Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir. The town is the integral part of Hazratbal constituency.

The area is located about 12 km from commercial center of the Kashmir Valley. The area provides at least two major road links which connects municipal committee of Ganderbal with Srinagar.

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