Gan River

The Gan River (simplified Chinese: 赣江; traditional Chinese: 贛江; pinyin: Gàn Jiāng, Gan: Kōm-kong) travels 885 km (550 mi) north through the western part of Jiangxi before flowing into Lake Poyang and thence into the Yangtze River. The Xiang-Gan uplands separate it from the Xiang River of neighbouring eastern Hunan.[1]

It is the major geographical feature of Jiangxi, and gives its name to the Gan variety of Chinese[2] as well as the province's one-character abbreviation.[3]

The river feeds into Lake Poyang, which in turns connects with the Yangtze.[4]

Gan River
Ganzhou Yuhong Ta 2016.06.17 10-02-10
Gan River and Yuhong Pagoda in Ganzhou
Native name赣江
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Physical characteristics
 - location
Lake Poyang
Length885 km (550 mi)
 - average1,667 m3/s (58,900 cu ft/s)


See also


  1. ^ Carol Benedict (2011). "Chinese Tobacco Production, 1600 to 1750". Golden-Silk Smoke: A History of Tobacco in China, 1550–2010. University of California Press. p. 41.
  2. ^ James Stuart Olson (1998). An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of China. Greenwood Press. p. 80. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  3. ^ 高考地理:中国各省份简称历来 (in Chinese). Sohu Education. 2017-07-08. Retrieved 2018-12-17. 19、江西--地处长江中下游南岸,赣江是省内最大的河流,故简称“赣”
  4. ^ Stephen Turnbull (2002). "A Case Study of Chinese Fighting Ships". Fighting Ships of the Far East (1): China and Southeast Asia 202 BC-AD 1419. Osprey Publishing. p. 37.

External links

Coordinates: 28°31′55″N 115°48′54″E / 28.532°N 115.815°E

Dayangzhou site

The Dayangzhou Chengjia site (Chinese: 大洋洲程家遗址) is an archaeological site located on the Gan River in Dayangzhou Town, Xingan County, Jiangxi, China. The site was excavated in 1989, and it dates to around 1200 BCE. The rich offerings of bronze and jade objects made it the second richest burial site known after the Fu Hao's tomb.

Dayangzhou was home to a rectangular tomb covered by a tumulus. Largely damaged by the sand shifts, it did not preserve the skeletal remains of coffin, making some archaeologists doubt that the find was a tomb at all.

Over 1,000 jade artefacts were discovered at Dayangzhou.

Dayangzhou is known for its unique style of bronze vessels, with 54 being discovered; over 480 bronze objects were uncovered at the site. The bronze casters at Dayangzhou copied and mastered the techniques of the Erligang culture, then localized the bronze vessels in a distinct style. Dayangzhou is associated with the Wucheng culture.

The artefacts from Dayangzhou are housed primarily in the Jiangxi Provincial Museum.

Fengcheng, Jiangxi

Fengcheng (simplified Chinese: 丰城; traditional Chinese: 豐城; pinyin: Fēngchéng; Gan: Fung-cing) is a county-level city in northern Jiangxi province, People's Republic of China, under the administration of Yichun, located along China National Highway 105 and on the eastern (right) bank of the Gan River about 55 kilometres (34 mi) south of Nanchang, the provincial capital. The literal translation of the name is "Abundance City", due to its importance as a major commercial hub for agricultural products. There are 26 towns and 7 sub-districts comprising a total area of 2,845 square kilometres (1,098 sq mi) and its population is around 1,370,000. The 2005 GDP was more than 9.1 billion RMB.

In 210 AD, during the Eastern Han Dynasty, it was founded as Jianyi County (剑邑县).

First Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet

The First Encirclement Campaign (Chinese: 第一次围剿) against Jiangxi Soviet was a series of battles launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government intended to annihilate the Chinese Red Army, and destroy the Chinese Soviet Republic. The communists later responded with the First Counter-Encirclement Campaign at Central Soviet (Chinese: 中央苏区第一次反围剿), also called by the communists as the First Counter-Encirclement Campaign at Central Revolutionary Base (Chinese: 中央革命根据地第一次反围剿), in which the Red Army successfully defended the Soviet Republic in the southern Jiangxi province against Nationalist attacks from November 1930 to January 3, 1931.

Fu River (Jiangxi)

The Fu River, or Fuhe (Chinese: 抚河), is a river in China's Jiangxi province. Its basin occupies most of the Fuzhou prefecture of Jiangxi.

The Fu River has it origin on the northwestern slopes of the Wuyi Mountains, from where it flows in the general north-northwestern and northwestern direction. Via a network of smaller lakes and channels in Nanchang prefecture, the waters of the Fuhe eventually reach the Poyang Lake, to which it is one of the major tributaries, along with the Gan River (which flows from the south/southwest) and a number of smaller rivers coming from the east and west.

As the Poyang Lake drains into the Yangtze, the Fu River is part of the Yangtze Basin as well.

Gan Chinese

Gan is a group of Chinese varieties spoken as the native language by many people in the Jiangxi province of China, as well as significant populations in surrounding regions such as Hunan, Hubei, Anhui, and Fujian. Gan is a member of the Sinitic languages of the Sino-Tibetan language family, and Hakka is the closest Chinese variety to Gan in terms of phonetics.

Different dialects of Gan exist; the Nanchang dialect is usually taken as representative.

Gan River (Inner Mongolia)

Gan River or Gan He is a tributary of the Nen River in Inner Mongolia, China. It flows 446 km from the east flank of the Greater Khingan Range into the Nen River at Nenjiang, through the Morin Dawa Daur and the Oroqin Autonomous Banner of the vast Hulunbuir Municipality. It drains an area of over 20,000 km2 of mostly hills and plains. The Gan River basin is traditionally home to semi-nomadic Daur and Oroqen people.


Ji'an (Chinese: 吉安; pinyin: Jí'ān) is a prefecture-level city situated in the central region of Jiangxi province of the People's Republic of China while bordering Hunan province to the west. It has an area of 25,219 km2 (9,737 sq mi) and as of the 2010 census, had a population of 4,810,339, of whom 538,699 live in the built-up (or metro) area made of 2 urban districts. Ji'an lies next to the Luoxiao Mountains (罗霄山脉) with the Gan River running through the middle of the city. Local dialects include a form of Gan Chinese (Jicha subgroup, 吉茶片) as well as Hakka Chinese.

Ji'an is an abbreviation of its original name Jítàimín'ān (吉泰民安). It has also formerly been known as Luling (廬陵) and Jizhou (吉州).


Jiangxi (江西; formerly romanised as Kiangsi) is a province in the People's Republic of China, located in the southeast of the country. Spanning from the banks of the Yangtze river in the north into hillier areas in the south and east, it shares a border with Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to the northwest.The name "Jiangxi" derives from the circuit administrated under the Tang dynasty in 733, Jiangnanxidao (江南西道; 'Circuit of Western Jiangnan'; Gan: Kongnomsitau). The abbreviation for Jiangxi is "赣" (pinyin: Gàn; Gan: Gōm), for the Gan River which runs across from the south to the north and flows into the Yangtze River. Jiangxi is also alternately called Ganpo Dadi (贛鄱大地) which literally means the "Great Land of Gan and Po".

Jishui County

Jishui (Chinese: 吉水; pinyin: Jíshuǐ) is a county located on the Gan River in Ji'an city, Jiangxi province, China.

It has an area of 2,531.73 km2 (977.51 sq mi) and a population of 480,000.It is located central of Jiangxi (central east of Ji'an city), 196 km (122 mi)south of the provincial capital of Nanchang, and 23 km (14 mi) north of downtown Ji'an. The local speech is a variety of Gan Chinese.

The government of Jishui is located in Wenfeng town (文峰镇).

List of rivers of China

This incomplete list of rivers that flow through China is organized according to the body of water into which each river empties, beginning with the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast, moving clockwise on a map and ending with the Atlantic ocean


Nanchang (Chinese: 南昌) is the capital of Jiangxi Province in southeastern China. Nanchang is the largest city in Jiangxi Province. Nanchang is located in the central part of Jiangxi Province, with a history of more than 2,200 years. It was called “Yuzhang”in Han Dynasty, “Hongdu” and “Hongcheng” from Tang Dynasty to Song Dynasty. It is located in the hinterland of Yuzhang Plain.

According to the Statistical Communique of the National Bureau of Statistics and Statistics of Nanchang City in 2017, as of the end of November 2017, the total population of households in Nanchang City was 5,246,600. The urban population is 2,887,800. Located in the north-central part of the province, it is bounded on the west by the Jiuling Mountains, and on the east by Poyang Lake. Because of its strategic location connecting the prosperous East and South China, it has become a major railway hub in Southern China in recent decades.

As the Nanchang Uprising in 1927 is distinctively recognized by the ruling Communist Party as "firing the first gunshot against the evil Nationalists", the current government has therefore named the city since 1949 "the City of Heroes", "the place where the People's Liberation Army was born", and the most widely known "place where the military banner of the People's Liberation Army was first raised".

Pavilion of Prince Teng

The Pavilion of Prince Teng (Chinese: 滕王阁; pinyin: Téngwáng gé) is a building in the north west of the city of Nanchang, in Jiangxi province, China, on the east bank of the Gan River and is one of the Three Great Towers of southern China. The other two are the Yueyang Tower and the Yellow Crane Pavilion. It has been destroyed and rebuilt many times over its history. The present building was rebuilt in 1989 on the original site. The rebuilding plan was devised by the architect Liang Sicheng, and now the Pavilion of Prince Teng is the landmark of Nanchang. There are nine floors in total. The main architectural structure is in Song dynasty wooden style, showing the magnificence of the Pavilion.

Poyang Lake

Poyang Lake (Chinese: 鄱阳湖/鄱陽湖; pinyin: Póyáng Hú, Gan: Po-yong U), located in Jiangxi Province, is the largest freshwater lake in China.The lake is fed by the Gan, Xin, and Xiu rivers, which connect to the Yangtze through a channel.

The area of Poyang Lake fluctuates dramatically between the wet and dry seasons, but in recent years the size of the lake has been decreasing overall. In a normal year the area of the lake averages 3,500 square kilometres (1,400 sq mi). In early 2012, due to drought, sand quarrying, and the practice of storing water at the Three Gorges Dam the area of the lake reached a low of about 200 square kilometres (77 sq mi). The lake provides a habitat for half a million migratory birds and is a favorite destination for birding.

During the winter, the lake becomes home to a large number of migrating Siberian cranes, up to 90% of which spend the winter there.

Qingyuan District

Qingyuan is a district (Chinese: 青原区; pinyin: Qīngyuán Qū) in the municipal region of Ji'an, Jiangxi province, People's Republic of China.

Qingyuan comprises the right (east) bank of the Gan River opposite the JiAn municipal government centre, and stretches southeast in a rather narrow strip of territory up to Mount Dawu (大乌山, 1204m) on the border with Ganzhou Municipality.

Third Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet

The Third Encirclement Campaign (Chinese: 第三次围剿) against Jiangxi Soviet was the third campaign launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government in the hope of destroying the Red Army in Jiangxi. It was launched less than a month after the previous campaign failed. However, this encirclement was repelled by the Red Army's Third Counter Encirclement Campaign at the Central Soviet (Chinese: 中央苏区第三次反围剿), also called as the Third Counter-Encirclement Campaign at the Central Revolutionary Base (Chinese: 中央革命根据地第三次反围剿).

Wanzai County

Wanzai County (simplified Chinese: 万载县; traditional Chinese: 萬載縣; pinyin: Wànzài Xiàn) is a county under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yichun in the northwest of Jiangxi province, China, bordering Hunan province to the west. The name Wanzai literally means "10,000 years". It could also mean"10,000 loads" and could likely be related to its past importance as a center of trade. It is located along the Long He or Dragon River, a tributary of the main river of the province, the Gan River. It has an area of 1,718 km2 (663 sq mi) and a population of 460,000.

The Wanzai area was first settled 3,000 years ago. It was a prosperous city in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Like much of Jiangxi it was also important in fostering China's Communist revolution. Today it a small city with major industries including fireworks manufacturing and rice liquor distillation. Most economic activity is agricultural with rice being the major crop. Its position along the 320 National Highway has helped insure steady economic growth and better access to Pingxiang and Yichun in the west and Nanchang in the north. Like much of western Jiangxi, Wanzai is surrounded by forested mountains. This mountainous region of Jiangxi is home to many different dialects of the Gan Chinese language. Yi-Ping, the Wanzai dialect, is both geographically and linguistically between the Nanchang and Yichun dialects.

Wucheng culture

The Wucheng culture (吳城文化) was a Bronze Age archaeological culture in Jiangxi, China. The initial site, spread out over 4 km2 (1.5 sq mi), was discovered at Wucheng Township, Jiangxi. Located on the Gan River, the site was first excavated in 1973. The Wucheng culture probably developed in response to cultural contacts with the expanding Erligang culture, melding Erligang influences with local traditions. The Wucheng culture was a distinct contemporary of Sanxingdui and Yinxu (Anyang).

The site at Wucheng was a regional protoporcelain production center; the culture is known for its distinctive geometric pottery. The Wucheng culture is also known for its bronze bells, the clapperless nao. The Wucheng site at Xingan contained a rich cache of localized bronze vessels. The bronze axes were similar to those of the Dong Dau culture in the Red River valley.The earliest period, around 1600 BCE, contemporaneous with late Erligang, yielded pottery shards with inscribed symbols. These are unusual among pre-Anyang inscriptions in China in containing sequences of graphs; shards were found with horizontal sequences of 12, 7, 5 and 4 graphs, suggesting that they may be a form of writing, but quite different in form from oracle bone characters. However the corpus, comprising a total of 39 graphs, is too small for decipherment.Some of these symbols are similar to Shang writing. Around 120 inscriptions have been found altogether.The site at Wucheng may have played a role in the decline of Panlongcheng. Both sites appeared to have served as regional, competing centers for transporting resources from the south to the North China Plain. Towards the end of the Erligang culture, Wucheng began to grow significantly, while Panlongcheng declined sharply.

Y-chromosome DNA from Wucheng culture sites shows a very different profile from Liangzhu culture sites in the lower Yangtze, suggesting that their populations may have been derived from separate migrations.

Xinjian District

Xinjian (Chinese: 新建区; pinyin: Xīnjiàn Qū) is a suburban district of Nanchang, the capital of Jiangxi province, People's Republic of China, located on the western (left) bank of the Gan River. It consists of two disjoint sections to the north and south of Wanli and Qingshanhu districts.

In 1999 it had a population of 643,535.

Jiangxi topics
Visitor attractions
Yangtze system
Yellow system
Pearl system
Heilongjiang system
Huai system
Hai system
Liao system
Other major rivers
Major canals

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