Game over

"Game over" screens from Torus Trooper and Mini Metro

Torus Trooper - Game Over

"Game over" is a message in video games which signals to the player that the game has ended, usually received negatively in a situation where continued play is disallowed, such as losing all of one's lives or failing a critical objective, though it sometimes also appears after successful completion of a game. The phrase has since been turned into quasi-slang, usually describing an event that will cause significant harm, injury, or bad luck to a person.

History

The phrase was used as early as 1950 in devices such as electromechanical pinball machines, which would light up the phrase with a lamp (lightbulb).[1]

Before the advent of home consoles and personal computing, arcades were the predominant platform for playing games, which required users to deposit a token or coin (traditionally a quarter, in the U.S.) into an arcade game machine in order to play. Players would usually be given a finite number of lives (or attempts) to progress through the game, the exhaustion of which would usually result in the display of the message "Game over" indicating that the game had ended. The phrase might also be followed by the message "Play Again?" and a prompt asking the player to insert additional tokens to prevent the game from terminating and instead allowing the player to continue their progress. The message can also be seen flashing on certain arcade games while in attract mode, until a player inserts a credit; at this point the message would change to the number of credits inserted and "Press 1 or 2 player start", or some variation thereof.

As these games were ported to home consoles, the "Game over" screen and "Continue?" prompt remained, but often required only the press of a button to keep the game going; while the video game industry shifted away from being arcade-focused to being home gaming-focused, the inclusion of such a screen was no longer as critical since it offered no financial benefit. However, the concept of Game Over remained imbued in the medium thereafter as a way to add an element of risk: a player who is unsuccessful at carrying out the game's objective (possibly repeatedly) will be faced with such a screen and be forced to start over from either the beginning of the game or a previous, saved state.

With the development of the aforementioned save function (complemented by the less popular password system, which is now seen as archaic), the Game Over message has become less common as players are allowed to respawn at a previous state of the game, which has been stored in memory either through a player deliberately saving the game or reaching a checkpoint (which causes the game to save automatically). Many modern games do not technically "end" until they are completed, and although "Game over" screens remain present in many of them in some form or another, it is uncommon for them to signify a forced return to the beginning of the game, and only marginally more common for them to signify a substantial loss of progress. Roguelikes are the most common exception to this rule; permadeath is often a staple of the genre.

"Game over" has seen some variations. For instance, upon the death of the player character, Little King's Story shows the message "LIFE OVER" and Nights into Dreams... uses "NIGHT OVER". Antarctic Adventure uses "TIME OVER". Screens that display at equivalent points are considered "Game over" screens, even if the message that is displayed is entirely different, such as "YOU ARE DEAD" (seen in Resident Evil, among others), "YOU DIED" (seen in the Souls series and Bloodborne), or "GOOD NIGHT" (seen in the Klonoa series, Luigi's Mansion, and others). The 1980 arcade game Missile Command shows the message "The End", a message that is usually seen upon achieving victory.

Some games have a number of different "Game over" screens which are specific to game mode, level, or situation. These are called "non-standard game over screens", and often are the result of failing to achieve certain objectives.

Outside video gaming

The phrase is occasionally used to indicate the end of an argument or process in real life. In January 2011, protesters and rioters in several North African and Middle Eastern countries used the slogan "Game over" on banners to express their anti-government sentiments.[2]

"Game over" is also sometimes used as a phrase to concede defeat, as for example in the movie Aliens where one of the protagonists, Private William Hudson (Bill Paxton), shouts, "Game over, man. Game over!" after the dropship meant to rescue him and his expedition is destroyed.[3] Paxton's use of the phrase was included in shortened form in the SNES game adaptation of Alien 3,[4] although the Hudson character did not appear in the film. Rights issues prevented the actual audio from Aliens being used and the sample was a rerecording made by Paxton specifically for the game. The 'Game over' line was not in the Aliens script, but was ad libbed by Paxton.[5]

The phrase is also used various times in the Saw movie series, because of the antagonist's penchant for referring to the traps he creates as "games".

See also

References

  1. ^ "Miniature bowling alley". google.com.
  2. ^ 'Game Over' for your government? Archived July 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Aliens (1986) - Memorable quotes". IMDB. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  4. ^ GameOverContinue (9 February 2009). "Game Over: Alien 3" – via YouTube.
  5. ^ Harris, Will. "Bill Paxton". avclub.com.
Adam DeVine

Adam Patrick DeVine (born November 7, 1983) is an American actor, comedian, screenwriter, producer, and singer. He is one of the stars and co-creators of the Comedy Central series Workaholics, as well as Adam DeVine's House Party.He plays the role of Bumper in the musical films Pitch Perfect and Pitch Perfect 2 and Andy in the sitcom Modern Family. His other roles include Neighbors, The Intern, The Final Girls, Mike and Dave Need Wedding Dates, Game Over, Man! and When We First Met. He has voiced characters in films including Ice Age: Collision Course and The Lego Batman Movie. DeVine has voiced characters on animated series Uncle Grandpa, Penn Zero: Part-Time Hero, and Vampirina.

Alexa PenaVega

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Chhota Bheem

Chhota Bheem (lit. Little Bheem) is an Indian animated comedy adventure television series created by Rajiv Chilaka. Premiered in 2008 on Pogo TV, it focuses on adventures of a boy named Bheem and his friends in the fictional kingdom of Dholakpur. In this series, Bheem and his friends are usually involved in protecting Raja Indravarma, the king of Dholakpur, and his kingdom from various evil forces. Sometimes they also help other kingdoms. It is one of the most popular animated series for children in India.According to recent press release Chhota Bheem's new movie Chhota Bheem - Kung Fu Dhamaka will be released in China in May 12. Animation magazines and experts have praised the teaser and predicted that the film will prove to be a blockbuster.

Columbia Daily Tribune

The Columbia Daily Tribune, commonly referred to as the Columbia Tribune or the Tribune, is one of two daily newspapers in Columbia, Missouri, the other being the Columbia Missourian. It is also the only daily newspaper in Columbia with circulation verified by the Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC), and it has been a member of that since 1915. It was owned by the Watson/Waters family from 1905 to 2016.

Although written to serve the Columbia Metropolitan Area, it is the most widely circulated newspaper in the region of Mid-Missouri. The paper is a broadsheet delivered evenings on Monday through Friday and mornings on Saturday and Sunday.

Dave (rapper)

David Orobosa Omoregie (born 5 June 1998), known mononymously as Dave, is an English rapper.Dave released his debut EP Six Paths in 2016, to critical and commercial success, after the release of a number of successful singles. He went on to release the Game Over EP in 2017, with its lead single "No Words" charting within the top 20 on the UK Singles Chart. He later released "Funky Friday" in 2018, which became his first number-one single as a lead artist.

Emily Osment

Emily Jordan Osment (born March 10, 1992) is an American actress, singer and songwriter. Born and raised in Los Angeles, Osment began her career as a child actress, appearing in numerous television shows and films including Biba from Biba Bear from 1998-2002 before co-starring as Gerti Giggles in Spy Kids 2: The Island of Lost Dreams (2002) and Spy Kids 3-D: Game Over (2003). She is perhaps best known for her role as Lilly Truscott on the Disney Channel television series Hannah Montana (2006–2011) and appeared in the theatrical film based on the series, Hannah Montana: The Movie (2009).Osment also played as Tara Sparkler in Goosebumps in the episode "A Ghastly Entry In The Haunted Mansion."

Osment also appeared as Cassie Keller in The Haunting Hour: Don't Think About It (2007) and as Melissa Morris in the Disney Channel television film Dadnapped (2009). She starred as Taylor Hillridge in the ABC Family television film Cyberbully (2011) and as Roxie on the web television series Cleaners (2013–2014). Since 2014, Osment has starred as Gabi Diamond on the Freeform television series Young & Hungry, for which she has received three Teen Choice Award nominations.

Osment came to prominence in music after recording songs for the soundtracks of her Disney projects, most notably a duet of "If I Didn't Have You" with Mitchel Musso in 2007 and a cover of "Once Upon a Dream" in 2008. In 2009, she signed with Wind-Up Records, with whom she released one extended play and one studio album, All the Right Wrongs (2009) and Fight or Flight (2010). Osment is currently recording her second studio album.

Game Over, Man!

Game Over, Man! is a 2018 American action comedy film directed by Kyle Newacheck, written by Anders Holm, and starring Adam DeVine, Holm, and Blake Anderson, all of whom previously collaborated on the sitcom Workaholics. The film follows three down-on-their-luck housekeepers who must save the day when the Los Angeles party they are at gets taken hostage. It was released on March 23, 2018 on Netflix.

Game Over (30 Rock)

"Game Over" is the ninth episode of the seventh season of the American television comedy series 30 Rock, and the 134th overall episode of the series. It was directed by Ken Whittingham and written by Robert Carlock and Sam Means. The episode originally aired on the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) network in the United States on January 10, 2013.

The episode received a positive critical response and was watched by 3.79 million viewers.

Game Over (TV series)

Game Over is an American adult computer-animated sitcom created by David Sacks (who would later become president of Nickelodeon Animation Studio), produced by Carsey-Werner Productions, and broadcast on UPN in 2004. It was cancelled due to low ratings.

Game Over (the title was inspired by the phrase "game over" that commonly concludes video games whether the player loses or finishes the game, depending on which video game he or she plays) focused on what happens to video game characters after the game ends. The show recounted the lives of the Smashenburns, a far-from-ordinary suburban family that lives in an alternate video game universe.

The show made numerous references to video games and even featured certain game characters as cameos. For example, Crash Bandicoot appears on a Got Milk? billboard whilst creatures from Oddworld: Abe's Oddysee appear in one of the episodes.

Marisa Tomei voiced the character of Raquel Smashenburn in the series' unaired pilot episode, but scheduling problems saw Lucy Liu take over the role for the actual series.Game Over was heavily hyped by UPN before its debut. Some were skeptical of Game Over due to UPN's track record with their cartoons, but the show generally received positive press upon its airing. Despite this, only six episodes were made, which aired on a variety of different days – the fourth and fifth episodes were broadcast on April 2, 2004, and the sixth episode ("Monkey Dearest") was not aired.

Game Over (Tinchy Stryder song)

"Game Over" is a song by Tinchy Stryder, released as a promotional single from his third studio album Third Strike. The song features vocals from Example, Giggs, Devlin, Chipmunk, Professor Green and Tinie Tempah, who each have their own verse. It was released on 15 November 2010 via digital download. An official remix featuring Ghetts, Slix, Griminal, Dot Rotten, Fuda Guy, Wretch 32, Roachee, Maxsta & Tinchy Stryder, can be found with a video on YouTube.

Game Over (book)

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Lil' Flip

Wesley Eric Weston Jr. (born March 3, 1981), better known by his stage name Lil' Flip, is an American rapper. He embarked on his musical career as a freestyle and battle rapper before earning a record deal with Suckafree Records in 1999. Lil' Flip is best known for his singles "The Way We Ball", "Game Over" and "Sunshine".

Namco

Namco Limited (株式会社ナムコ, Kabushiki gaisha Namuko) is a brand and corporate name used from 1971 to 2018 by two Japanese companies in the businesses of video games, game centers and theme parks. The name continues to be used outside of Japan by the subsidiary Namco USA.

The original Namco Ltd. was founded in 1955 as Nakamura Seisakusho and changed its name to Nakamura Manufacturing in 1959. In 1971, Nakamura Manufacturing launched the Namco brand which became the company's name in 1977. In 2006, Namco absorbed the video game division of its sister company Bandai and formally renamed itself Namco Bandai Games. The same day, its existing amusement division split to form a new company called Namco Ltd which was subsequently renamed Bandai Namco Amusement Inc. in 2018.

Namco was a front-runner during the golden age of arcade video games. Pac-Man went on to become the best-selling arcade game in history and an international popular culture icon. Namco is also known for creating successful franchises such as Galaxian, Dig Dug, Xevious, Ridge Racer, Tekken, Ace Combat, Soulcalibur and Tales.

Saved game

A saved game (also sometimes called a game save, savegame, savefile, save point, or simply save) is a piece of digitally stored information about the progress of a player in a video game.

From the earliest games in the 1970s onward, game platform hardware and memory improved, which led to bigger and more complex computer games, which, in turn, tended to take more and more time to play them from start to finish. This naturally led to the need to store in some way the progress, and how to handle the case where the player received a "Game over". More modern games with a heavier emphasis on storytelling are designed to allow the player many choices that impact the story in a profound way later on, and some game designers do not want to allow more than one save game so that the experience will always be "fresh".

Game designers allow players to prevent the loss of progress in the game (as might happen after a game over). Games designed this way encourage players to 'try things out', and on regretting a choice, continue from an earlier point on.

Although the feature of save games often allows for gameplay to resume after a game over, a notable exception is in games where save games are deleted when it is game over. Several names are used to describe this feature, including "permadeath", "iron man", and "hardcore", and the feature has developed over the years from being the only kind of save system per game to the more modern 'suspend game' feature among regular save points. For online games, the game's progress is maintained on the remote server. In some games, upon resuming the game from a save game, the software locks or marks the save game. Early examples include Moria and Diablo II's "hardcore" mode where the character save game is managed by the battle.net server. Depending on the game the feature may be feasible or not, depending on how the game handles interrupting or ending a game session.

The use of saved games is very common in modern video games, particularly in role-playing video games, which are usually much too long to finish in a single session.

Ska-P

Ska-P (Spanish pronunciation: [esˈkape]) is a ska punk band formed in Vallecas (Madrid), Spain, in 1994 by a group of friends from Madrid, Navarre and Euskadi.The band can be categorized, politically, as an anti-establishment musical group, sometimes even considered Anarchist, actually they are Anarkocomunists. It is one of the most popular ska bands in Spain, Europe, and Latin America.

Musically, despite their fun image, Ska-P has well-rehearsed and tight arrangements, and as of 2002, includes among its members a small but striking brass section which gives the band a powerful sound.

At the end of 2004, they announced work on a new album. After voting 4 against 2, in February 2005, the sudden and unexpected announcement was made that the band would take a break to allow the members to work on side projects, though some considered the band to have dissolved. The band's worldwide farewell tour of 2005 ended in Buenos Aires, Argentina in October of that year. Their farewell concert on September 24, 2005, filled the 10,000-seat La Cubierta.On 12 October 2007 the band confirmed they were getting back together and on 5 September 2008 released the single "Crimen sollicitationis". This was followed in October 2008 by a new album, Lágrimas y Gozos (Tears and Joys), which was released on 7 October 2008. The release of the album would be followed by a brief tour.Ska-P returned to La Cubierta Stadium on 27 December 2008 to perform their only concert in Spain of that tour. Today the band still tours in the US, Mexico, and Europe. In 2010 and 2011 Ska-P held their first tour in Japan.

Spy Kids (franchise)

The Spy Kids series is an American spy adventure comedy film series created by Robert Rodriguez. The franchise follows the adventures of Carmen and Juni Cortez, two children who become involved in their parents' espionage. The rest of their family are spies as well, including their estranged uncle, Machete, and maternal grandparents. The films tend to have a strong Hispanic theme, as Rodriguez is of Mexican descent.

The Jacka

Dominick Newton (August 12, 1977 – February 2, 2015), better known by his stage name The Jacka, was an American rapper from Pittsburg, California.

The Jacka began his career as part of the rap group Mob Figaz, whose first album, C-Bo's Mob Figaz, was released in 1999. Newton converted to Islam at a young age and changed his name to Shaheed Akbar. On February 2, 2015, he was fatally shot by an unidentified gunman in Oakland on 94th Avenue and MacArthur Boulevard. Prior to his death, he owned his own label The Artist Records.

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