Galpadar

Galpadar is a village in Gandhidham Tehsil of Kutch District of Gujarat State of India. It is located at a distance of about 3 km from Gandhidham, 11 km from Anjar and 51 km from Bhuj.

History

About the history of Galpadar it is one of the 18 villages founded by Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas community also known as Mistris. These Mistris first moved into Saurashtra in early 7th century and later a major group entered Kutch in 12th Century & established themselves at Dhaneti. Later from 12th century onwards they moved between Anjar and Bhuj and founded the villages eighteen villages including Galpadar.[1][2]

The village & old infrastructure, temples, Well, the huge pond named Meghasar Talav, community halls around the villages have been built and developed by this community in late 18th century. Some of these Mistris made it big during early days of railways construction by British during 1860-1930 and established themselves as Railway contractors and later as coal mine owners in Jharia.[3][4][5] However, majority of old houses of Mistris with unique architect were destroyed in the earthquake of 26 January 2001.

Climate

The climate here is "desert." there is virtually no rainfall in a year in Galpadar. This climate is considered to be BWh according to the Koppen-Geiger classification of climates. The average annual temperature is 24.6c. The average rainfall is 379mm.

Temples

Bhagvan Ram Temple, Shiva Temple, Ramdev Pir Temple & Hanumanji Temple were all built by the Mistris of Kutch, the founders of the village. Other temples in village are Parmar family dada Sonal Ma Temple Kuldevi of Virda family Samaj, famous Nagabava Temple, Kuldevi & Dada - Surapura Temples, Revachi Mata temple, Ksehtarpal Dada Mandir, Vachhra Dada temple. There is also Dargah of Gebansha Pir. In 2011, the migrant Oriya people have built temple of Jagannath in village. Jain temple of 23rd Tirthankar, Shri Parshvanath Swami is located in Galpadar and it is approximately 120 years old. It is established by the ancestors of Vora family and still managed by the successors of the same family. Vora Families Kuddevi Shri Dudhad Maataji Temple and Kshetrapal Dada Temple is also located in Galpadar.

Present Status

Till the 1950s when Kandla Port and Gandhidham town were developed by Government, Galpadar was the only big village in this, then a barren area, of Kutch. Today Gandhidham Town and Airport are only 3 kilometers away and Kandla Port at distance of 12 km.

Recently, plans are there to shift Bhuj jail to Galpadar.[6]

References

  1. ^ Gurjar Kshatriyas, also known as Mistris, came to Kutch from Rajasthan. They are skilled in building construction. They first established themselves at Dhaneti and were granted 18 villages by the rulers of Kutch. They are famous designers and developers of buildings and bridges.
  2. ^ At that time 11 (eleven) villages named Anjar, Meghpar, Galpadar, Vidi, Nagalpar, Sinogara, Khambhara, CHANDIA, Lovaria, Kumbharia, and Devalia were the main centres where our ancestors settled. All 11 villages are nereby and around Anjar. The area is plain and in general called Ugamna Pat. Regarding Dungara Pat (area of small mountains) there are 7(seven) villages named Nagher, Kukma, Reha, Hajapar, Jambudi and Ratnal and Madhapar where our ancestors of different channels settled.
  3. ^ Nanji Bapa ni Nondh-pothi published in Gujarati in year 1999 from Vadodara. It is a diary of Railway Contracts done by KGK community noted by Nanji Govindji Tank of Hajapar/Jamshedpur, compiled by Dharsibhai Jethalal Tank of Nagalpar/Tatanagar. This book was given Aank Sidhhi award by Kutch Shakti at Mumbai in year 2000. Railway Contractor from Galpadar
  4. ^ Report after earthquake Giving details of Villages, Art & Skills of Mistris of Kutch
  5. ^ Press Report on Houses, History of Mistiris of Kutch Archived 20 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Bhuj jail to be shifted to Galpadar

Coordinates: 23°05′49″N 70°07′34″E / 23.097°N 70.126°E

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