In the Lensman novels, the Galactic Patrol was a combination military force and interstellar law-enforcement agency, charged with the defense and preservation of Civilization. The Lensmen were the elite of the Galactic Patrol, and Lensmen tended to hold the majority of the senior-executive positions in the Patrol, although non-Lensmen personnel were essential to the organization's success, and garnered almost as much respect as their Lens-bearing superiors. The organization had large numbers of non-humans serving in all roles, although many of the leadership positions seem to be occupied by humanity.
The Patrol had a great deal of political influence in Civilization. In First Lensman, First Lensman Virgil Samms' first Galactic Council was made up entirely of Lensmen, and there was no evidence that the situation had changed in later novels. The Patrol's influence was also present in many other levels of society, to the point where "G-P hours" or "G-P days" were generally considered the standard unit of time, and that they had what amounted to a censorship veto over many prominent news-reporting organizations. Patrol bases dotted the galaxy, ranging from low-grade spaceports to the massive headquarters bases of Prime Base on Earth (or Tellus, as it is called in the novels) and Ultra Prime on Klovia, in the second galaxy, and its possession of the inertialess (or "free") drive made it possible for its forces to deploy anywhere in known space rapidly.
This organization was also very well funded, to the point where even though the tax rate was the lowest in history with a total income tax, in the highest bracket, of only 3.592%, it possessed an expendable reserve of ten billion credits on Tellus alone. In Gray Lensman, Port Admiral Haynes noted that, were it not for the galactic war, a financial crisis might have risen over the Patrol possessing so much in the way of legal tender. (For comparison, in 1940, the year after Gray Lensman was originally published, the U. S. Gross Domestic Product was $97 billion, so the "ten thousand million credit" figure was perceived by readers as equivalent to 10% of GDP; in 2008 terms that would be almost $1.5 trillion.)
Also, the Patrol was well equipped for its second role as military force. In Galactic Patrol it fielded a Grand Fleet of over fifty thousand capital ships, including large numbers of "maulers", or super-heavy battleships. That fleet grew by leaps and bounds through the later novels, numbering well into the millions by Second Stage Lensmen and Children of the Lens. The number of combat units in the Grand Fleet were so numerous that a special flagship, the Directrix or Z9M9Z, had to be commissioned with extensive and advanced C3.
It is explicitly stated in later novels that the Directrix/Z9M9Z is in command of "one-million combat units", which is further elaborated upon as literally one-million individual fleets. The exact number of ships in each fleet is unknown, but the defensive fleet for Directrix alone was eighty ships, and this could reasonably be said to be the number of other fleets—or approximately 80,000,000 ships in total. This also leads to a fair estimation of the size of Civilization, since each fleet was based on an individual member-world of Civilization, indicating about one-million planets in total. This number does not include a fleet of uninhabited planets converted into mobile, armored weapons (also explicitly mentioned) and a huge, planet sized, antimatter WMD called a "Negasphere".
This number is in keeping with the fact that, later in the series, Boskone (the great enemy of Civilization) mustered fleets of warships and mobile worlds of comparable size to be sent through the "hundreds of thousands" of hyperspatial tubes they'd opened to attack Arisia and Earth directly. It is possible then that at that one battle Boskone possessed millions or even tens of millions of ships equal in size and power to super-maulers, thus explaining Civilization's need for such astonishingly vast standing armed forces.
The Patrol's ground forces, while receiving less attention than the fleet, were no slouches either. Perhaps the most visible of the ground combat arm were the Valerian marines, Terran-descended humans whose high-gravity colony world had bred incredible strength and agility into them. The Patrol also possessed extensive ground armor and artillery, including "catapillars", massive vehicles toting heavy beam cannon batteries. The two best-known weapons of the Patrol, however, are probably the DeLameter energy beam handgun, and the space-axe, described as a "combination and sublimation of battle-axe, mace, harpoon, and lumberman's picaroon" and the favored weapon of Valerian marines.
The Patrol's scientists were among the finest in the known universe, capable of quickly creating new forms of weapons. Examples include the detector nullifier, the negasphere (a weapon that behaved like antimatter with negative mass), and the sunbeam (which concentrated a star's entire energy output into a single, horrifyingly powerful beam).
The full range of executive leadership positions for the Patrol is less than clear. What is clear is that nearly all these positions were held by Gray Lensmen. Four distinct positions can be discerned:
The first three positions generally operated from Prime Base on Tellus. By necessity, the Galactic Coordinator was based on Klovia. Other apparent positions include the following: Admiral and Lieutenant-Admiral of the First Galactic Region (the area surrounding the Sol system), Marshal and Lieutenant-Marshal of the Sol system, and General and Lieutenant-General of Tellus. (Notably, these ranks are apparently intended to be in descending order, but draw upon ranks from several different branches of the military service.) These posts were only mentioned in First Lensman, and it is unclear if they are still active as of the events of Galactic Patrol.
Prime Base is the tremendous military base that first grew from "The Hill", a man-made, flat-topped, steel sheathed mountain that was the main base of first, the Triplanetary Service, and then of the new Galactic Patrol on Tellus. During the time of the First Lensman when it was still "The Hill", it was attacked by pirates working for Boskone, but thanks to the efforts of its fleet and its own very strong defenses, it survived without coming to any harm. Later in First Lensman Prime Base was moved to New York Space Port. If it remained there is not revealed in First Lensman or in the later books. At the beginning of the third book, Galactic Patrol, it is referred to only as the "Prime Base of Tellus", but its location is not stated.
Prime Base has a large number of functions including housing the office of the Port Admiral, facilities with the ability to construct warships for the Galactic Patrol, and a variety of scientific labs for scientists that work there. It is hinted within the series that, rather than a Military-Industrial Complex such as evolved in our society, almost all military research and production is managed by civilian employees of the Galactic Patrol, rather than by independent contractors. Earth's financial contribution to the Galactic Patrol is paid by a 3.6% income tax "in the highest brackets," distributed across the entire planet, making the financial resources of the Patrol—even in wartime—roughly equivalent to 10% of Earth's GDP; (in 2008 terms that would be almost $1.5 trillion from the Earth alone.)
Internal evidence in the series may lead the modern reader to believe that The Hill/Prime Base is the evolved form of North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) headquarters at the Cheyenne Mountain Complex, Colorado. However, the Cheyenne Mountain Complex, initiated in 1961, postdates the publication of the Lensman novels, and is location in a different region of the USA. A passage in Triplanetary says The Hill is in "the heart of the Rockies", just "over the western ranges of the Bitter Roots"
With the discovery of Lundmark's Nebula (the "second Galaxy"), the Galactic Patrol built Ultra Prime base on Klovia - a far stronger version of Prime Base, though it never replaced Prime Base in terms of overall importance.
Ultra-Prime is the immensely well-protected fortress that is the Galactic Patrol's base on Klovia. It was built to be even tougher than Prime Base on Tellus, and has considerably better defenses. Built in the latter stages of the war against Boskone, it was never attacked, but provided the perfect lure with which to draw out the Boskonian Grand Fleet in order to destroy it.
Aliens Stole My Body is a children's science fiction novel by Bruce Coville that was first published in 1998. This is the fourth book in a series about the fictional character Rod Albright. The illustrations and the front cover were done by the author's wife, Katherine Coville.CRL Group
CRL Group plc is a defunct British video game development and publishing company. Originally CRL stood for "Computer Rentals Limited". It was based in King's Yard, London and run by Clem Chambers.They released a number of notable adventure games based on horror stories. Dracula and Frankenstein were rated 15 certificate by the British Board of Film Censors for their graphics depicting bloody scenes; Dracula was the first game to be rated by the BBFC. Jack the Ripper was the first game to receive an 18 certificate, Wolfman also gained an 18 certificate.CRL-published games that achieved critical success include Tau Ceti and Academy.
The 1984 game of the series Terrahawks was one of the first video games based on a TV show.E. E. Smith
Edward Elmer Smith (May 2, 1890 – August 31, 1965), better known by his pen name E. E. "Doc" Smith, was an American food engineer (specializing in doughnut and pastry mixes) and science-fiction author, best known for the Lensman and Skylark series. He is sometimes called the father of space opera.First Lensman
First Lensman is a science fiction novel and space opera by American author E. E. Smith. It was first published in 1950 by Fantasy Press in an edition of 5,995 copies. Although it is the second novel in the Lensman series, it was the sixth written. The novel chronicles the founding of the Galactic Patrol by Virgil Samms, the first sentient being in our cosmos to wear the "Lens", a unique badge of authority which is actually a form of "pseudo-life" that grants telepathic powers to the defenders of Civilization.Galactic Patrol (novel)
Galactic Patrol is a science fiction novel by American author E. E. Smith. The novel was originally serialized in the magazine Astounding in 1937. The stories in this volume were the first parts written of the original Lensman saga. It was later published in book form in 1950 by Fantasy Press. Although portions of Triplanetary were written earlier, they were not originally part of the Lensman story and were only later revised to connect them to the rest of the series. First Lensman was written later to bridge the events in Triplanetary to those in Galactic Patrol.Galactic Patrol Lensman
Galactic Patrol Lensman (GALACTIC PATROL レンズマン) is a Japanese anime television series based on the Lensman novels. The 25-episode series aired from October 6, 1984 to August 8, 1985 in Japan.
Harmony Gold USA dubbed a compilation of the first four episodes in a heavily edited form, which they released under the title Lensman: Power of the Lens. The other episodes were never dubbed. This compilation is no longer available on video, although it was available in the UK in the late 1980s. Despite sharing character and organization names, as well as central themes common to the books, artistic license produced a final product altogether different from the source material. The series was broadcast in Spain by TV3 in 1994.Although it was produced with the knowledge and consent of Smith's estate, the executors were so displeased with the result that for several years they rejected any other suggestions of adaptation.I Left My Sneakers in Dimension X
I Left My Sneakers in Dimension X is the second book in the children's science fiction series Rod Allbright's Alien Adventures. The series was written by Bruce Coville. I Left My Sneakers in Dimension X was first published in 1994.Inertialess drive
The inertialess drive is a fictional means of accelerating to close to the speed of light or faster-than-light travel, originally used in Triplanetary and the Lensman series by E.E. "Doc" Smith, and later by Robert A. Heinlein, Arthur C. Clarke,
Larry Niven, Julian May and Alastair Reynolds.Kerrigan Mahan
Kerrigan Patrick Mahan is an American voice actor. He has had voice roles in Lensman, Zillion, Vampire Hunter D and Crying Freeman, as Goldar in Mighty Morphin Power Rangers and Power Rangers Zeo, Jeb the talking dog in VR Troopers, and the original Magna Defender in Power Rangers Lost Galaxy. He also played the voice role of Monitor Org in Power Rangers Wild Force.
Mahan has also been involved in theater work, directing Matty: An Evening With Christy Mathewson, a play based on the life of baseball player Christy Mathewson, who was portrayed by another voice actor, Eddie Frierson. He played the villain Clint on S.W.A.T.'s "Omega One". He was also the director for two episodes of the English version of the TV series Grimm's Fairy Tale Classics.Lensman (1984 film)
Lensman (SF新世紀 レンズマン, SF Shinseiki Lensman, lit. "Science Fiction New Century Lensman") is a Japanese animated film based on the Lensman novels by E. E. Smith.Lensman (disambiguation)
Lensman is a science fiction book series by Edward Elmer Smith.
First Lensman, the second novel of the series, published in 1950
Gray Lensman, the fourth book in the series, published in 1951Lensman may also refer to:
Lensman: Secret of The Lens, an anime movie based on the Lensman novels
Galactic Patrol Lensman, an anime television series based on the Lensman novels
Backstage Lensman, a short story parody of the Lensman series by Randall Garrett, first written in 1949
Lensman microscope, designed by Rick Dickinson
Lensman (game), a game based on the Lensman novelsLensman series
The Lensman series is a series of science fiction novels by American author Edward Elmer "Doc" Smith. It was a runner-up for the 1966 Hugo award for Best All-Time Series (the winner was the Foundation series by Isaac Asimov).List of animated television series of 1984
A list of animated television series first aired in 1984.List of fictional space navies
A space navy is a fictional military service arm tasked with waging battle in or exploring space. It usually has parallels (e.g. ranks, jargon, ship classification) with contemporary ocean-going navies, and sometimes with air forces.
Lensman (1937) - Galactic Patrol
Star Trek (1966)
Imperial Klingon Navy
Romulan Star Empire
Space Battleship Yamato (1974) - Earth Defense Force
Space Navy Series - United Worlds Space Navy
CoDominium (1976) - CoDominium Navy
Star Wars (1977)
New Republic Defense Force
Galactic Alliance Defense Force
Chiss Expansionary Fleet
Zeon Space Attack Force
Earth Federation Space Force
Anti-Earth Union Group
Ballistic Equipment & Space Patrol Armory
Oppose Militancy and Neutralize Invasion (OMNI) Enforcer
Zodiac Alliance of Freedom Treaty (ZAFT)
Legend of the Galactic Heroes (1982) – Both the Galactic Empire and Free Planets Alliance had navies
Imperial Fleet (Reichsflotte) - Anime / Imperial Space Armada - 2016 novel translation
Free Planets Star Fleet - Anime / Alliance Navy - novel translation
The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (1982) - U.N. Spacy
Once Upon a Time... Space (1982) – Both the Omega Confederation and its members, as well as the Republic of Cassiopeia and the Humanoids, have navies.
Albedo Anthropomorphics (1983) - Extraplanetary Defense Force
U.N. Spacy (Seen in the series, but never directly referred to)
Robotech Defense Force
Robotech Expeditionary Force
Ender's Game (1985) - International Fleet
Metroid (1986) - Galactic Federation
Vorkosigan Saga (1986) - Barrayaran Imperial Military Service
Royal Space Force: The Wings of Honnêamise (1987) - the Royal Space Force
Warhammer 40,000 universe (1987) - Various space navies including the following:
Imperial Navy - Imperium of Man
Kor'vattra - Tau Air caste
Gunbuster (1988) - Earth Imperial Space Force
Red Dwarf (1988) - Jupiter Mining Corps/Space Corps
Intergalactic Military of the Planet Trade Organization (1989) - Dragon Ball Z
Babylon 5 (1993) - EarthForce
Exosquad (1993) - Exofleet
Familias Regnant universe (1993)
Regular Space Service
Royal Aeronautical Space Service
Honorverse (1993) - Various space navies including the following:
Royal Manticoran Navy
Grayson Space Navy
Elysian Space Navy
Imperial Andermani Navy
Solarian League Navy
Silesian Confederacy Navy
Seafort Saga (1994) - United Nations Naval Service
Space: Above and Beyond (1995) - In this TV series the U.S. Navy was operating a fleet of starships.
Crest of the Stars (1996) et seq
Imperial Star Forces - Under the Command of the Humankind Empire of Abh
United Mankind Naval Space Forces - Under the Command of the United Mankind (in the war which encompasses all three parts to the series, "The United Mankind" references the four space "countries" at war with the Ahb Empire pooled together under the conditions of the "Nova Sicily Treaty.") All space navies against the Ahb are thus collectively known, in a general sense as the "United Mankind."
People's Federation Space Forces - Under the command of the "Peoples Federation of Planets."
Hannia Space Naval Forces - Under the command of the "Federation of Hannia."
Space Forces of Alculnt - Under the command of the "Greater Republic of Alcunlt"
Martian Successor Nadesico (1996) Had a Space War for control over Mars, The Moon, The Earth itself as well as some Asteroids contested between 3 Space Navies
United Earth Allied Forces Space Battle Naval Fleets- Commanded by The United Earth Allied Forces
Jovian Lizards/ "The Space Assault Superior Male Forces of the Anti-Earth Corporative Federation of the Jovian Real, and Associated Moons and Asteroids"- Commanded by the "Holy Jupiterian Empire"
High Mobile Space Battle Ship Division- Nergal Heavy Industries, a civilian contractor doubting the effectiveness of the United Earth Allied Command's ability to quelch the Jovian take over of Earth.
Colony Wars (1997) - Colonial Navy
Galactic Terran Alliance
Parliamentary Vasudan Navy
Galactic Terran-Vasudan Alliance fleet
RCN Series (1998)
Republic of Cinnabar Navy
A Deepness in the Sky (1999) - Qeng Ho
Gene Roddenberry's Andromeda (2000) - Argosy (part of the High Guard)
Halo (2001) - United Nations Space Command Navy
EVE Online (2003)
Gallente Federation Navy
Minmatar Republic Fleet
Battlestar Galactica (2003) - Colonial Fleet
Star Wreck (2005) - The P-Fleet
The Lost Fleet (2006) - Alliance and Syndic space navies
Mass Effect (2007) - Systems Alliance Navy, Turian Hierarchy naval forces with its volus auxiliaries, the quarian Migrant Fleet, others.
The Expanse (2011)
United Nations Navy
Mars Congressional Republic Navy
Free Navy (OPA)
Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare (2016)
Fleet of the United Nations Space Alliance
Fleet of the Settlement Defense Front
The Dragon Never Sleeps (1988) - Canon Space Guardships and the Ku Dire Radiant
Star Blazers: Space Battleship Yamato 2199 - Star Blazers: Space Battleship Yamato 2202
United Nations Cosmo Force
United Nations Cosmo Navy
Military of the Great Garmillas EmpireMighty Orbots
Mighty Orbots (マイティ・オーボッツ, Maiti ōbottsu) is an American/Japanese Super robot animated series created in a joint collaboration of TMS Entertainment and Intermedia Entertainment in association with MGM/UA Television. It was directed by veteran anime director Osamu Dezaki and features character designs by Akio Sugino. The series aired from September 8, 1984 to December 15, 1984 on Saturday mornings in the United States on ABC and later on it broadcast in 1988 in Japan by Animax, totaling up to 13 episodes.Port admiral
Port admiral is an honorary rank in the United States Navy, and a former appointment in the British Royal Navy.Second Stage Lensmen
Second Stage Lensmen is a science fiction novel by author Edward E. Smith. It was first published in book form in 1953 by Fantasy Press in an edition of 4,934 copies. The novel was originally serialized in the magazine Astounding beginning in 1941. Second Stage Lensmen is the fifth volume in the Lensman series, and the last to feature Kimball Kinnison as the most powerful Lensman in the service of the Galactic Patrol. Second Stage Lensmen also features the first female Lensman, Clarissa MacDougall. The story mainly focuses upon the exploits of the "Second Stage" Lensmen: those who have gone through the advanced Arisian training Kinnison underwent in Galactic Patrol. These four superior Lensmen, Kinnison, Worsel, Tregonsee, and Nadreck, are armed with mental powers allowing them to control the minds of others and see, hear, and feel without using their physical senses (the "sense of perception"). This elite cadre allows Civilization to tip the balance against Boskone as Second Stage Lensmen abilities are ideally suited to spying and information gathering.The Search for Snout
The Search For Snout is the third book in the series Rod Allbright's Alien Adventures. It was written by Bruce Coville and first published in 1995. In the UK it was published under the title Aliens Stole My Dad, as 'snout' is British slang for tobaccoTopcraft
Topcraft (トップクラフト, also written "Top Craft") was a Japanese anime studio established in 1971 by former Toei Animation producer Toru Hara. It was famous for doing animation for hand-drawn animation titles by Rankin/Bass and for the production of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind and Macross: Do You Remember Love?. The studio went bankrupt and dissolved in June 15, 1985 essentially splitting the studio in half. Hayao Miyazaki, Toshio Suzuki and Isao Takahata bought the studio while laying off most of its animation staff, changing its name to Studio Ghibli.. Topcraft's animators later formed another studio called Pacific Animation Corporation to continue to work with Rankin/Bass on shows like ThunderCats and Silverhawks but eventually joined Ghibli once the studio was bought out by Disney and became Walt Disney Animation Japan. Some animators like Tsuguyuki Kubo went to work for other anime studios such as Studio Pierrot working on Naruto and Bleach for them. In the end the buy out of Topcraft made the studio into the birth of Studio Ghibli. Topcraft's founder Toru Hara became Studio Ghibli's first manager.