Gadsar Lake

The Gadsar Lake or the Yemsar Lake[1] also called as the valley of flowers is a picturesque, alpine high altitude oligotrophic lake[2] in Ganderbal district[3] of Kashmir valley at an elevation of 3600 metres. It has a max. length of 0.85 kilometres and max. width of 0.76 kilometres.

Gadsar Lake
The valley of flowers
Gadsar lake1
Gadsar Lake
LocationGanderbal, Kashmir valley
Coordinates34°25′18″N 75°03′26″E / 34.421669°N 75.057274°ECoordinates: 34°25′18″N 75°03′26″E / 34.421669°N 75.057274°E
Typeoligotrophic lake
Primary inflowsMelting of snow
Primary outflowsA stream tributary of Neelum River
Basin countriesIndia
Max. length0.85 kilometres (0.53 mi)
Max. width0.76 kilometres (0.47 mi)
Surface area0.7421 km2 (0.2865 sq mi)
Surface elevation3,600 metres (11,800 ft)
FrozenDecember to April

Etymology, geography

Gadsar lake
Gadsar Lake from the Gadsar Pass at mount Vishnu

Gadsar in Kashmiri means the lake of fishes, a natural habitat of trout and other types of fishes[4] among of which is the brown trout.[5] The lake freezes in the month of November to April and is mostly covered by snow during these months, the floating ice bergs are seen even in summer. It is surrounded by alpine meadows full of various kinds of wild alpine flowers, therefore the lake is also called as the valley of flowers.[6] The lake is mainly fed by melting of glaciers. The Gadsar Lake outflows through a stream flows north westwards and joins Neelum River at Tulail.

Access

The Gadsar Lake is situated 108 kilometres northeast from Srinagar city. From Naranag a 28 km alpine track leads to the lake. Another track of 41 km northwest from Shitkadi Sonamarg via Vishansar Lake and Krishansar Lake leads to the Gadsar Lake crossing two mountain passes of Nichnai and Gadsar of more than 4100 meters above sea level.[7][8] The best time to visit is from the month of June to September.

Gadsar, the lake of death

The Gadsar Lake is also named as Yemsar which means the lake of demon and is referred as the lake of death.[9] A myth still unresolved. Shepherds grazing their flocks in the outskirts of Gadsar lake during summers believe that, there lives a Lake Monster, a freshwater Octopus which drags the creatures from shores by its tentacles into the water. There is an uncertainty in the minds of visitors, a kind of threat which prevents them going near the shores. The shepherds also chose otherwise grazing their flocks at the shores of the lake. The fishes are being caught outside the lake in a stream from which it flows out.

References

  1. ^ Sir Charles Metcalfe MacGregor, Charles Ellison Bates (1995). Central Asia: section 1. A gazetteer of Kashmír. Barbican Publishing Company, 1995. pp. 188, 496–. ISBN 9781900056854. Retrieved 31 July 2012.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Raina, HS; KK Vass (May – June 2006). "Some biological features of a freshwater fairy shrimp, Branchinecta schantzi, Mackin, 1952 in the Northwestern Himalayas, India" (PDF). J. Indian Inst. Sci. 86: 287–291. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Gangabal in Ganderbal". kashmirparadise.com. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  4. ^ "Fishes and Fisheries in high altitude lakes, Vishansar, Gadsar, Gangabal, Krishansar". Fao.org. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  5. ^ Petr, ed. by T. (1999). Fish and fisheries at higher altitudes : Asia. Rome: FAO. p. 72. ISBN 92-5-104309-4.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "Gadsar the valley of flowers". aazadkashmir.com. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  7. ^ "Sonamarg - Vishansar - Naranag Trek". KashmirTreks.in. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  8. ^ "Go to Kashmir". go2kashmir.com. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  9. ^ A. P. Agarwala (1977). Holiday resorts of Jammu & Kashmir: a travellers' guide. Nest & Wings (India), 1977. p. 116-. Retrieved 1 August 2012.

External links

Dal Lake

Dal is a lake in Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, India. The urban lake, which is the second largest in the state, is integral to tourism and recreation in Kashmir and is named the " Lake of Flowers" , "Jewel in the crown of Kashmir" or "Srinagar's Jewel". The lake is also an important source for commercial operations in fishing and water plant harvesting.The shore line of the lake, about 15.5 kilometres (9.6 mi), is encompassed by a boulevard lined with Mughal era gardens, parks, houseboats and hotels. Scenic views of the lake can be witnessed from the shore line Mughal gardens, such as Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir and from houseboats cruising along the lake in the colourful shikaras. During the winter season, the temperature sometimes reaches −11 °C (12 °F), freezing the lake.The lake covers an area of 18 square kilometres (6.9 sq mi) and is part of a natural wetland which covers 21.1 square kilometres (8.1 sq mi), including its floating gardens. The floating gardens, known as "Rad" in Kashmiri, blossom with lotus flowers during July and August. The wetland is divided by causeways into four basins; Gagribal, Lokut Dal, Bod Dal and Nigeen (although Nigeen is also considered as an independent lake). Lokut-dal and Bod-dal each have an island in the centre, known as Rup Lank (or Char Chinari) and Sona Lank respectively.At present, the Dal and its Mughal gardens, Shalimar Bagh and the Nishat Bagh on its periphery are undergoing intensive restoration measures to fully address the serious eutrophication problems experienced by the lake. Massive investments of approximately US$275 million (₹ 11 billion) are being made by the Government of India to restore the lake to its original splendour.

Doru Shahabad

Doru Shahabad (also written as Dooru Shahabad or only Doru) is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is also known as historical township in South Kashmir's Anantnag district. Doru shahabad has been known as a place of intelligentia where great scholars like Mehmood shah Gami, Rasul Mir shahabadi, were borne who contributed to the literature and culture of kashmir. In present times shahabad has produced chief minister like syed mir qasim and many other politicians, beuracrates and some leading agricultural scientists.

Ganderbal

Ganderbal is a town and a municipality committee in Ganderbal district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It has an average elevation of 1,619 metres (5,312 feet). It is bordered by district Srinagar in the south, Bandipore to the north, Kargil in the northeast, Anantnag to the south-east and Baramulla in the south-west.

Great Lakes Trek

The Great Lakes Trek commercially known as Sonamarg-Vishansar-Naranag Trek is an alpine himalayan high-altitude trek in Kashmir Valley in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Kashmir Valley

The Kashmir Valley, also known as the Vale of Kashmir, is an intermontane valley in the portion of the Kashmir region administered by India. The valley is bounded on the southwest by the Pir Panjal Range and on the northeast by the main Himalayas range. It is approximately 135 km long and 32 km wide, and drained by the Jhelum River.Kashmir division is one of the three administrative divisions of the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kashmir division borders Jammu Division to the south and Ladakh to the east while Line of Control forms its northern and the western border. The division consists of the following districts: Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Bandipore, Ganderbal, Kupwara, Kulgam, Pulwama, Shopian and Srinagar.

Krishansar Lake

The Krishansar Lake is an alpine high altitude oligotrophic lake situated in the vicinity of Sonamarg, less than one kilometer from Vishansar Lake north westwards at an elevation of 3710 meters. It has a maximum length of 0.95 kilometers and maximum width of 0.6 kilometers.

List of lakes of India

This is a list of notable lakes in India.

Naranag

Naranag (or Nara Nag) is a tourist village of Ganderbal district, Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is located around 8 km from Kangan, 6 km upstream from the Sind River. Noted for its scenic meadows, lakes and mountains, it is a base camp for trekking to the Mount Haramukh 16,870 ft (5,142 metres) and Gangabal Lake. The village lies at the left bank of the Wangath river, which is a tributary of the Sind River. Tourism hut at Naranag for any information and assistance tourism officials are available and hut is also provide for accommodation.

Nundkol Lake

The Nundkol Lake or Nund Kol also known as Kalodaka Lake is an oligotrophic alpine lake situated in the Kashmir Valley, in Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Poonch River

The Poonch River (also known as Punch River, Punch Tohi, Tohi of Punch) is a tributary of the Jhelum River flowing through Jammu and Kashmir, India and Azad Jammu and Kashmir in Pakistan.

Satsar Lake

The Satsar Lake or Sat Sar (literal English translation: “the seven lakes”) consists of seven small alpine lakes situated in the Kashmir Valley, in Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Sonamarg

Sonmarg (translation: "Meadow of Gold") is a hill station in Ganderbal district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir about 80 km north-east of Srinagar.

Tulail Valley

The Tulail Valley is a Himalayan sub-valley of Gurez in the State of Jammu and Kashmir in India. The Valley lies 120 kilometres (75 mi) northeast of Bandipore and 200 kilometres (120 mi) from Srinagar the capital of Jammu and Kashmir.

Uri, Jammu and Kashmir

Uri is a town and a tehsil in the Baramulla district, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Uri is located on the left bank of the Jhelum River, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the Line of Control with Pakistan.

Vishansar Lake

The Vishansar Lake is an alpine high altitude oligotrophic lake situated in the vicinity of Sonamarg at an elevation of 3710 meters. It has a maximum length of 1 kilometer and maximum width of 0.6 kilometers.

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Hydrography of surrounding areas

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