Gadchiroli

Gadchiroli pronunciation  is a town and a municipal council in Gadchiroli district in the state of Maharashtra, central India. It is located on eastern side of Maharashtra, and is the administrative headquarters of the district. The main river flowing through city is the Vainganga. The landscape is lush and green during the monsoon season which is prone to flooding.

Gadchiroli is known for its forests. Teak is grown commercially and bamboos are used for various crafts.

Gadchiroli

गडचिरोली
City
Nickname(s): 
Green city or Queen of Forest
Gadchiroli is located in Maharashtra
Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 20°06′N 80°00′E / 20.10°N 80.0°ECoordinates: 20°06′N 80°00′E / 20.10°N 80.0°E
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
DistrictGadchiroli
Founded byKhandkya Ballal Shah
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
Population
(2011)
 • Total54,152
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationMH-33
Websitewww.gadchiroli.nic.in

History

In ancient times the region was ruled by the Rashtrakutas, the Chalukyas, the Yadavas of Deogiri, and later the Gonds of Gadchiroli. In the 13th century Khandkya Ballal Shah founded Chandrapur and made it his capital. Chandrapur subsequently came under Maratha rule. In 1853 Berar, of which Chandrapur (then called Chanda) was part, was ceded to the British East India Company. In 1854 Chandrapur became an independent district of Berar.

In 1905 the British created the tehsil of Gadchiroli by transfer of a zamindari estate from Chandrapur and Bramhapuri. It was part of the Central Provinces until 1956 when, with the reorganisation of the states, Chandrapur was transferred to Bombay state. In 1960, when Maharashtra was created, Chandrapur became a district of the new state. On 26 August 1982 Chandrapur was divided, with Gadchiroli tehsil becoming an independent district.

Naxalism is highly prevalent in Gadchiroli, with the guerrilla fighters taking to the hills and dense forests, and it has been designated as part of the Red Corridor. Settlements are being explored by many social workers.

Geography

Gadchiroli is located at 20°06′N 80°00′E / 20.10°N 80.0°E.[1] It has an average elevation of 217 metres (715 feet). Gadchiroli District is one of the largest in Maharashtra by land area. The town and surrounding area is considered to be beautiful during the monsoon season (July to September), and is surrounded by a teak wood forest.

Climate

Located near centre of Indian peninsula, far from the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, Gadchiroli has a tropical wet-and-dry climate with dry conditions prevailing for most of the year. It receives an annual rainfall of about 1,000 mm (39 in), almost entirely from monsoon rains between June and September. Summers are extremely hot lasting from March to June, with maximum temperatures occurring in May.

Demographics

According to the 2001 India census,[2] Gadchiroli had a population of 42,464. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Gadchiroli had an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy was 80%, and female literacy was 67%. 13% of the population was under 6 years of age.

The main languages spoken are Marathi, Hindi, Gondi, Madiya and Telugu. The literacy rate is improving with an increase in educational facilities.

The people of Gadchiroli celebrate many indigenous festivals.

Transport

Gadchiroli is connected by roads to Chandrapur, Nagpur, Bhandara and Gondia. There are no rail connections to Gadchiroli, with the nearest line passing through Vadsa (Desaiganj). The condition of roadways in the area is being improved to provide improved security against the recent Naxilite insurgency.

Education

High schools

  • Platinum Jubilee School and Junior College (Science), Gadchiroli
  • School Of Scholars, Gadchiroli
  • Rampuri Primary School
  • Shri. Shivaji High School, Gadchiroli
  • Z.P. High School, Gadchiroli
  • Carmel High School, Gadchiroli
  • Vasant Vidyalaya High School
  • Rani Durgavati High School & Junior College
  • Netaji Subhash Chandra Junior College, Sundernagar
  • Indira Gandhi Memoriyal High School & Junior college, Subhashgram
  • Govt. Science college, gadchiroli
  • Govt. Agriculture college, gadchiroli
  • Gondwana university PGTT campus, gadchiroli

Junior colleges

  • Platinum Jubilee School and Junior College (Science)
  • Shivaji Junior Science College
  • Government ITI complex, Gadchiroli

Senior (degree) colleges

  • Shivaji Science College, Gadchiroli
  • Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Gadchiroli
  • Government Science College, Gadchiroli
  • Government Polytechnic, Gadchiroli
  • Government Agriculture College, Sonapur complex, Gadchiroli
  • Model College, Gadchiroli
  • Namdeorao Poreddiwar College of Engineering and Technology[3]
  • J.S.P.M. Arts and Commerce College, Dhanora

University

All the degree colleges in Gadchiroli are now affiliated with the recently established Gondwana University, Gadchiroli.[4] The government of Maharashtra established Gondwana university by splitting RTM Nagpur University, purported to be a major revolution in education for the tribal youth in the district.

Politics

Currently, the MP of Gadchiroli-Chimur constituency is Mr. Ashok Nete.[5] The MLA from different constituencies within are:

  • Aheri – Mr. Ambrishrao Raje Satyawanrao Atram
  • Gadchiroli – Dr. Deorao Madguji Holi
  • Armori – Mr. Krushna Damaji Gajbe

Notable places

Some notable places in the town include:[6]

  • Semana-Hanuman Temple – About 4 km (2.5 mi) from center of town (Gandhi Chowk)
  • Hemalkasa – Situated in Bhamragarh Block (east side of district), 186 km (116 mi) from Gadchiroli.
  • Allapalli – Known as Teak City of District, where all forest administration offices and the main marketline, educational and other resources.
  • Markhanda – A temple dedicated to Lord Shiva on the banks of Wainganaga. There is a big fair on Mahashivratri
  • BILT (Ashti) – A unit of Ballarpur Paper Mills in Ashti.
  • Gadchiroli lake – located at the centre of the city.
  • Vairagad Fort – Built by the Gond kings as their residence and fortress, near Armori town.
  • Chaprala Wildlife Sanctuary – About 80 km (50 mi) from district centre.
  • Five Carved Stones – This sacred place is situated at Pachpande, about a kilometer north of Vairagad. It is believed that the Pandava brothers stayed here during their exile.
  • Bhandareshwar – An ancient temple to Lord Shiva situated to the west of Vairagad village, high on a mound at the confluence of the Khobragadi and Vainlochna rivers. This shrine is a good example of architecture and the carved walls are believed to be from the Hemadpanth period.
  • Adishakti Temple – Situated at Vairagad, this temple enshrines an idol of Adishakti Devi, found during a 1986 excavation. The idol has four hands and is an example of the carvings undertaken by the sculptors of the erstwhile era.

See also

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gadchiroli
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  3. ^ NAMDEORAO POREDDIWAR COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY GADCHIROLI
  4. ^ http://www.gondwana.digitaluniversity.ac
  5. ^ Ashok Nete
  6. ^ by Dhiraj Khobragade
Abhay and Rani Bang

Abhay Bang and Rani Bang are Indian social activists, and researchers working in the field of community health in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra, India. They have revolutionized healthcare for the poorest people in India and have overseen a programme that has substantially reduced infant mortality rates in one of the most poverty-stricken areas in the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF have endorsed their approach to treating newborn babies and the programme is currently being rolled out across India and in parts of Africa. The Bangs founded the 'Society For Education, Action and Research in Community Health' (SEARCH) – a non-profit organisation, which is involved in rural health service and research. The couple is the winner of the Maharashtra Bhushan Award. Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow has conferred honorary doctorates on Abhay and Rani Bang. SNDT Women's University, Mumbai has also awarded Honoris Causa to Rani Bang. The Lancet has honoured the couple as 'the pioneers of health care in rural India'. Abhay and Rani Bang are the first recipients of the Distinguished Alumni Award from the Department of International Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. They were also inducted into the Johns Hopkins Society of Scholars. The Bangs are honoured for their leadership in community-based health care that is now helping to save the lives of millions of the most vulnerable newborns and children. During their careers, the Bangs have helped foster a renaissance in community-based primary health care. In 2016, Johns Hopkins University conferred the Distinguished Alumni Award upon them.

Armori (Maharashtra)

Armori is a town and municipal council a tehsil in the Gadchiroli district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

It is located on the left banks of the Wainganga River, a tributary of the Pranahita River which meets the Godavari River.

Ashok Nete

Ashok Nete (born 1 July 1968) is member of the 16th Lok Sabha from Gadchiroli–Chimur (Lok Sabha constituency) in Maharashtra state of India associated with the Bharatiya Janata Party. He was member of Maharashtra Legislative Assembly twice: 1999-2004 and 2004-2009.He contested 2009 Lok Sabha elections but lost to Marotrao Kowase of Indian National Congress who got 38.43% votes while Nete secured 35.025% votes. He also contested the 2014 LS elections from Gadchiroli-Chimur constituency as BJP/NDA candidate.

Chamorshi

Chamorshi is a town and a tehsil in Gadchiroli district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

It is located near the left bank of the Wainganga River, a tributary of the Pranahita River which meets the Godavari River. It is famous for the ancient historic temple of god Markandeshwar which is located at village Markanda. Temple is situated at the bank of the Wainganga river, which flows generally from North to South but at Markanda it takes Northward turn for 20 km before again going Southward.

Chandrapur district

Chandrapur district is a district in the Nagpur Division in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The district was formerly known as Chanda District, but was renamed in 1964. Chandrapur was the largest district in India until the Gadchiroli and Sironcha tehsils were split into separate districts. In 2011, the district population was 2,204,307.Chandrapur district is known for its super thermal power station, and its vast reserves of coal in Wardha Valley Coalfield. Chandrapur also has large reservoirs of limestone which is a raw material for cement manufacturing in the district.

Tadoba National Park near Chandrapur city is one of India's twenty-eight Project Tiger reserves. The 2015 census of tigers found that 120 of Maharashtra's 170 tigers were located in Chandrapur district.

Chimur (Lok Sabha constituency)

Chimur is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency of Maharashtra since 1967. Before that, the area were broadly represented as Bhandara (Lok Sabha constituency) as it is two-seat constituency during 1951 and 1957 elections. During 1962 elections Gondia (Lok Sabha constituency) comes in existence and abolished before 1967 to come as Chimur in 1967. After delimitation of 2008, it comes as Gadchiroli-Chimur (Lok Sabha constituency) for 2009 elections to 15th Lok Sabha

Desaiganj

Desaiganj also known as Desaiganj (Wadsa) is a town and a municipal council in the Gadchiroli district in the state of Maharashtra, India. Old Wadsa(Juni Wadsa) village is situated few km to the south.

Gadchiroli district

Gadchiroli district is an administrative district in Maharashtra, India. The town of Gadchiroli is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Gadchiroli district is situated in the southeastern corner of Maharashtra, and is bounded by Chandrapur district to the west, Gondia district to the north, Chhattisgarh state to the east, and Telangana state to the south and southwest. Gadchiroli district was created on 26 August 1982 by the separation of Gadchiroli and Sironcha tehsils (administrative divisions) from Chandrapur district. As of 2011 it is the second-least-populous district of Maharashtra (out of 39), after Sindhudurg.The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.

Gadchiroli–Chimur (Lok Sabha constituency)

Gadchiroli–Chimur Lok Sabha constituency (Marathi: गडचिरोली-चिमूर लोकसभा मतदारसंघ) is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies of Maharashtra state in western India. This constituency came into existence on 19 February 2008 as a part of the implementation of the Presidential notification on delimitation of parliamentary constituencies based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India constituted on 12 July 2002. This seat is reserved for Scheduled Tribes. It first held elections in 2009 and its first member of parliament (MP) was Marotrao Kowase of the Indian National Congress. As of the 2014 elections, it is represented by Ashok Nete of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Gondwana University

Gondwana University is a university established in 2011 in the city of Gadchiroli in Maharashtra state in central India. It is named after Gondwana region in central India.

List of constituencies of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly

The present Indian state of Maharashtra came into existence on 1 May 1960. The number of constituencies of the first Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha, the lower house of the Maharashtra state legislature in 1960 was 264. 33 constituencies were reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled castes and 14 were reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled tribes. The number of constituencies of the third Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha (1967–72) was raised to 270, out of which 15 constituencies were reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled castes and 16 were reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled tribes.

Mandakini Amte

Mandakini Amte popularly known as Manda Amte is a medical doctor and social worker from Maharashtra, India. She along with her husband, Dr. Prakash Amte were awarded the Magsaysay Award for 'Community Leadership' in 2008 for their philanthropic work in the form of the Lok Biradari Prakalp amongst the Madia Gonds in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra and the neighbouring states of Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. She is the daughter-in-law of Baba Amte.

Marotrao Kowase

Marotrao Sainuji Kowase (born 3 November 1949) is an Indian politician and a member of the 15th Lok Sabha of India. He represents the Gadchiroli-Chimur constituency of Maharashtra and is a member of the Indian National Congress (INC) political party.He was member of Legislative Assembly of Maharashtra State during 1980-85, 1990–95 and 1995-1999. He was the Minister of State for Tribal Welfare in the Maharashtra State Government led by Sharad Pawar.

He has been elected from the Gadchiroli-Chimur Lok Sabha Constituency as a member of the 15th Lok Sabha, the results of which were declared on 16 May 2009.

Kowase belongs to a tribal family and hails from Bhadbhidi which is a small village in Chamorshi Tehsil of Gadchiroli District. He has done is Master of Arts in Political Science.

Nagpur division

Nagpur Division is one of six administrative divisions of Maharashtra State in India. Nagpur is the most eastern division in the state, with an administrative headquarters in the city of Nagpur. It covers 51,336 km² (19,821 mi²). The Amravati and Nagpur divisions make up the region of Vidarbha.

National Highway 353C (India)

National Highway 353C, commonly called NH 353C is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 53. NH-353C traverses the states of Maharashtra and Telangana in India.

Prakash Amte

Prakash Baba Amte is a social worker from Maharashtra, India. Amte and his wife, Mandakini Amte, were awarded the Magsaysay Award for 'Community Leadership' in 2008 for their philanthropic work in the form of the Lok Biradari Prakalp amongst the Madia Gonds in the Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra and the neighbouring states of Telangana and Madhya Pradesh.

Pranhita River

Pranhita is the largest tributary of Godavari River covering about 34% of its drainage basin conveying the combined waters of the Penganga River, Wardha River and Wainganga River.By virtue of its extensive network of tributaries, the river drains all of Vidarbha region in Maharashtra as well as the southern slopes of the Satpura Ranges. It flows along the border of Gadchiroli district in Maharashtra and Adilabad district in Telangana. The Pranhita sub-basin is the 7th largest in India, measuring about 1,09,078 km2 making it larger than the individual basins of significant rivers like the Narmada and Cauvery.

Sironcha

Sironcha (Marathi: सिरोंचा) is a town and the administrative headquarters of Sironcha tehsil in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra state in central India.

Vidarbha

Vidarbha is the eastern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra, comprising Nagpur Division and Amravati Division. Amravati division's former name is Berar (Varhad in Marathi). It occupies 31.6% of the total area and holds 21.3% of the total population of Maharashtra. It borders the state of Madhya Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Telangana to the south and Marathwada and Khandesh regions of Maharashtra to the west. Situated in central India, Vidarbha has its own rich cultural and historical background distinct from rest of Maharashtra. The largest city in Vidarbha is Nagpur followed by Amravati. A majority of Vidarbhians speak Varhadi and Zadi dialects of Marathi.The Nagpur region is known for growing oranges and cotton. Vidarbha holds two-thirds of Maharashtra's mineral resources and three-quarters of its forest resources, and is a net producer of power. Vidarbha region contains Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project, Melghat Tiger Reserve, Bor Wildlife Sanctuary, Navegaon National Park, Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary and Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary. Pench Tiger Reserve is one of the premier tiger reserves of India and the only one to straddle across two states: Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.

Throughout its history, Vidarbha has remained much calmer than the rest of India, especially during the communal troubles. However there is considerable poverty and malnutrition. It is less economically prosperous compared to the rest of Maharashtra. The living conditions of farmers in this region are poor compared to India as a whole. There have been more than 200,000 farmers' suicides in Maharashtra in a decade, of which 70% being in the 11 districts of Vidarbha region.There have been recent calls for a separate state of Vidarbha, due to perceived neglect from the Government of Maharashtra and incompetent political leadership in Vidarbha. Though rich in minerals, coal, forests and mountains, this region has mostly remained underdeveloped because of the continuous dominance of political leadership from the other parts of the state, especially Western Maharashtra. Being culturally, politically and financially distinct from the rest of Maharashtra, the calls for a separate state rose to prominence only when the leaders from this region were sidelined by other political leaders in recent years. Statehood demands have not been fulfilled mainly due to the opposition from the Shiv Sena, a major state political party.

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