Gadag district

Gadag District is a district in the state of Karnataka, India. It was formed in 1997, when it was split from Dharwad District. As of 2011, it had a population of 971,952 (of which 35.21 percent was urban). The overall population increased by 13.14 percent from 1991 to 2001. Gadag District borders Bagalkot District on the north, Koppal District on the east, Bellary District on the southeast, Haveri District on the southwest, Dharwad District on the west and Belgaum District on the northwest. It features monuments (primarily Jain and Hindu temples) from the Western Chalukya Empire. It has seven talukas/ tehsils: Gadag, Gajendragad, Ron, Shirhatti, Nargund, Lakshmeshwar and Mundargi. The word Gadag is a palindrome in both the Kannada and the English languages.

Gadag
District
Jain temple at Lakkundi in Gadag District
Jain temple at Lakkundi in Gadag District
Location in Karnataka, India
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 15°24′N 75°45′E / 15.4°N 75.75°ECoordinates: 15°24′N 75°45′E / 15.4°N 75.75°E
Country India
DivisionBelgaum division
HeadquartersGadag
Area
 • Total4,656 km2 (1,798 sq mi)
Population
(2001)
 • Total971,835
 • Density209/km2 (540/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code08372XXXXXX
Vehicle registrationKA-26
Sex ratio.969 /
Literacy64%
ClimateTropical wet and dry (Köppen)
Precipitation631 millimetres (24.8 in)
Websitegadag.nic.in

Historical sites

Gadag Trikuteshwara temple complex 3
Saraswati temple at Trikuteshwara temple complex, Gadag
Someshwara temple at Lakshmeshwara
Someshwara temple at Lakshmeshwara
Gajendragad Kalkaleshwara infront of temple nature 1
Front of Kalkaleshwara temple, Gajendragad
Sudi twin tower shiva temple 1
Twin-towered temple at Sudi
Jain temple at Lakkundi built in the Kalyani Chalukya style
Jain temple at Lakkundi
Gadag

The town has 11th- and 12th-century monuments. The temple of Veera Narayana and the Trikuteshwara complex are sites of religious and historic importance. One of the two main Jain temples is dedicated to Mahavira.

  • Trikuteshwara temple complex:

The Trikuteshwara temple was built by the early Chalukyas between the sixth and the eighth centuries, exemplifying Chalukya architecture. The temple is dedicated to Saraswati.

  • Veeranarayana Temple:

The temple, believed to have been built during the 11th century, attracts many devotees.

  • Jumma Masjid:

The Jumma Masjid has a capacity of 600. During the 17th and 18th centuries, Gadag was ruled by Muslim kings and the Marathas before being taken over by the East India Company.

Lakshmeshwara

Lakshmeshwara is in Shirahatti taluka and is known for its Hindu & Jain temples and mosques. The Someshwara temple complex has a number of temples to Shiva in its fort-like compound.

Sudi

Chalukya monuments include the Jodi Gopura and Mallikarjuna temples and large Ganesha and Nandi statues.

Lakkundi

About 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Gadag, Lakkundi was the residence of the Chalukyan kings. It is known for its 101 stepwells (known as kalyani or pushkarni) and its Hindu & Jain temples. A sculpture gallery is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Dambal

Dambal is known for its 12th-century Chalukya Doddabasappa Temple.

Gajendragad

This is the biggest city after Gadag in Gadag District. Gajendragad is known for its hill fort and Kalakaleshwara temple, Nagavi, the famous Yellammadevi temple and a hill-view choultry under construction. It is just 8 km from Gadag and is a politically rich village.

Harti

Harti has a number of Hindu temples. The Shri Basaveshwara Temple has an annual festival featuring a procession. Other temples, such as the Parvati Parameshwara temple (Uma Maheshwara Temple), have stone carvings from the Chalukya period.

Kotumachagi

About 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Gadag, the agricultural village is also known for its Someswar and Durgadevi temples. Chamarasa, author of the Prabhulingaleele, was born nearby.

Naregal

Home to the largest Jain temple built by the Rastrakuta dynasty[1]

Hombal

About 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Gadag, the village is known for old temples.

Belavanniki(ಬೆಳವಣಿಕಿ)

Belavanniki is about 33 km from Gadag. The village is known for the statue of Veerabhadra which is considered to be best sculpture of its kind in recent times. Earlier, the village was part of Belavalanaadu-300 or Belvola-300 therefore from that its name was derived. It is also the Birthplace of well known social activist S. R. Hiremath.

Ron

Ron's historic monuments include Anantsayee Gudi, Isvara Gudi, Isvara Temple, Kala Gudi, Lokanatha Temple, Mallikarjuna Gudi, Parsvanath Jain temple and the Somlingesvara temple.

Kurtakoti

About 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from Gadag, the agricultural village is known for the Shri Ugra Narsimha, Dattatreya, Virupakhshalinga and Rama temples. Statues of Rama, Lakshmana and Sita were installed by Brahma Chaitanya. Writer and critic Kirtinath Kurtakoti hailed from the area.

Nargund

Known for its role in the 1857 revolt, its 17th-century fort and the 1980s' Peasant movement during Gundu Rao's Chief Ministership of Karnataka and also as the birthplace of senior leader of Jana Sangh Jagannathrao Joshi.

Doni Tanda
Rayar temple
RayaraTemple Belavanaki

About 24 kilometres (15 mi) from Gadag, and known for wind-power generation

Beladhadi

About 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Gadag, and known for its Shri Rama Temple and statues of Sri Rama, Lakshmana and Sita

Antur Bentur

About 23 kilometres (14 mi) from Gadag, the agricultural village is known for the Shri Jagadguru Budimahaswamigala Sanstan math Antur Bentur – Hosalli. The matha is cared for by both Muslims and Hindus.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census the district has a population of 1,065,235.[2] This ranks it 426th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 229 inhabitants per square kilometre (590/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate from 2001 to 2011 was 9.61 percent.[2] The district has a sex ratio of 978 females for every 1000 males[2] and a literacy rate of 75.18 percent.[2]

Magadi Bird Sanctuary

The Magadi Bird Sanctuary,[3] created at the Magadi reservoir, is 26 kilometres (16 mi) from Gadag on the Gadag-Bangalore Road, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Shirhatti and 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from Lakshmeshwar. It is known for migratory species such as the bar-headed goose, which feed on fish and agricultural crops.

Notable People from Gadag District

Independence movement

Huilgol Narayana Rao, Shankar Rao Kampli, Marthandarao Nargundkar and their followers contributed to India's independence struggle.

Cooperative movement

The first cooperative in India was founded over 100 years ago in Kanaginahal,[7] and K. H. Patil aided in its modernisation.

Wind-power generation

The district generates wind power[8] at Kappatagudda, Binkadakatti, Beladhadi, Mallasanudra, Mulgund and Gajendragad.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Jain monuments in North Karnataka". Dr. A. V. Narasimha Murthy. Archived from the original on 23 August 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ "Magadi tank, Biodiversity hotspots of Karnataka". Dr. A. V. Narasimha Murthy. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ [3]
  7. ^ "Co-op. movement took its birth here". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 13 April 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2009.
  8. ^ "About Gadag". Retrieved 13 April 2009.

External links

  • [4] As one of the most diverse and successful Architectural and design practices in India, Kembhavi Architecture Foundation is an independent consulting firm offering a broad range of specialized services

KAF was established in 1972 at Hubli by Nalini and Sharad Kembhavi and they spread their practice beyond the region into various parts of the country and the work included various sectors including healthcare , hospitality , housing , commercial spaces , public and institutional buildings etc. The firm is essentially known for its eco –sensitive approach to design and is among the pioneering green firms of the country.

The firm now consists of six co–principal Architects including Nita and Indrajit Kembhavi who look after the Bangalore office operations and Sowmya and Parth Kembhavi along with Nalini and Sharad Kembhavi look after the Hubli operations and also the design build division known as "August constructions.[5]

Adavisomapur, Gadag

Adavisomapur (Gadag) is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India. It is located in the Gadag taluk of Gadag district in Karnataka.

Bhimambika temple, Itagi

Itagi is a small temple town in North Karnataka. It is famous for the temple of Bheemavva or Bhimambika.

It is in Gadag District, Ron Taluk in Karnataka, India. About 13 km from Gajendragad Kalkaleshwara temple. Hundreds and thousands of believers throng every day to this place. People get their wishes fulfilled by a Bhimambika.

Every year here at Itagi Annual car festival will hold, darty Dharma Devaru, it is one of the very famous Jatra in North Karnataka.

Dambal

Dambala is a village in the gadag district of the state of Karnataka, India. It was an ancient center of Buddhism and remained so as late as the 12th century. Dambal is at an elevation of 590 m (1,940 ft).

Gadag-Betageri

Gadag-Betageri is a city municipal council in Gadag district in the state of Karnataka, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Gadag District. The original city of Gadag and its sister city Betageri (or Betgeri) have a combined city administration. The municipality of Gadag-Betageri has a population of 172,813 and an area of 54.0956 km². Kanaginahal of Gadag is the birthplace of the first co-operative society in Asia.

The twin city municipality is situated 80 km from Dharwad and 60 km from Hubli, and lies on the Gutti-Vasco National Highway.

Gajendragarh

Gajendragad

Gajendragad (also called Gajendragarh) is a town and a taluk place in Gadag District, Karnataka, India. The name Gajendragad has its own history. This place is known for its hill station and hill strip. Highest populated city after Gadag in the district. It is about 55 kilometers from Gadag, 110 kilometers from Hubballi and 450 kilometers from Bengaluru.

Hammigi

Hammigi (Kannada: ಹಮ್ಮಿಗಿ) is a village in the Mundargi taluk of Gadag district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Hammigi is located south to district headquarters Gadag and Taluka headquarters Mundargi

Harlapur, Gadag

Harlapur is a village in the Gadag district of Karnataka State in India.

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Korlahalli

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Gadag is a CBSE affiliated school in Gadag District of Karnataka under the Hyderabad region of Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS). JNV Gadag is located near village Korlahalli of Mundargi taluka. This school is a residence school and all facilities to the students is free of cost.

Kasivisvesvara Temple, Lakkundi

The Kasivisvesvara temple (Kannada: ಕಾಶಿವಿಶ್ವೇಶ್ವರ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನ) (also spelt Kashivishveshvara) and sometimes called Kashivishvanatha (Kannada: ಕಾಶಿವಿಶ್ವನಾಥ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನ) temple is located in Lakkundi, in the (Gadag district) of Karnataka state, India. It is 11 km from Gadag city, 24 km from Dambal and about 50 km from Kuknur.The centre of cultural and temple-building activity of the Western Chalukya Empire lay in the Tungabhadra river region, where large medieval workshops built numerous monuments. These monuments, regional variants of pre-existing dravida (South Indian) temples, defined the Karnata dravida tradition. Lakkundi in particular was the location of the mature phase of the Western Chalukya architecture, and the Kasivisvesvara temple marks a high point of these achievements. According to Henry Cousens, it is one of the most ornate temples in the Kannada spoken region of India.The existence of a 1087 CE inscription on a beam in the temple mantapa (hall) and the plainness of that part of the temple suggests that the original construction may have been simpler and that the profusion of decoration may have been added to the other parts of the temple at a later period, with the end of Chola invasions of Chalukyan territory. Most of the inscriptions in Lakkundi date from 1170 CE onwards. It is known that Hoysala king Veera Ballala II annexed Lakkundi (also known as Lokkigundi) from the Seunas of Devagiri and made it his capital around 1193 CE. It is possible that the temple may have received embellishment during his rule.

Korlahalli

Korlahalli is a village in the Mundargi taluk of Gadag district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Korlahalli is located south to district headquarters Gadag and Taluka headquarters Mundargi.

Kumara Vyasa

Kumara Vyasa (Kannada: ಕುಮಾರವ್ಯಾಸ) is the pen name of Naranappa (Kannada: ನಾರಣಪ್ಪ), an influential and classical, early 15th century poet in the Kannada language. His pen name is a tribute to his magnum opus, a rendering of the Mahabharata in Kannada. Kumara Vyasa literally means "Little Vyasa" or "Son of Vyasa" (author of the Mahabharata). He was the contemporary and archrival of the famous, Veerashaiva, poet laureate Chamarasa who wrote the seminal work Prabhulingaleele covering the lives of Allama Prabhu and other Shiva Sharanas, circa 1435. Both poets worked in the court of Deva Raya II.

Lakkundi

Lakkundi in Gadag District of Karnataka is a tiny village on the way to Hampi (Hosapete) from Hubballi. Lakkundi 11 km from Gadag in the east. It is 14 km from Dambal and 25 km from Mahadeva Temple (Itagi).

Lakkundi, is full of ruined temples like Mallikarjuna, Virabhadra, Manikeshwara, Nanneshwara, Lakshminarayana, Someshwara, Nilakanteshwara and many more.

Lakkundi is a place of antiquarian interest with as many as 50 temples, 101 stepped wells (called Kalyani or Pushkarni) and 29 inscriptions, spread over the period of the later Chalukyas, Kalachuris, Seuna and the Hoysalas. A great center of Kalyani Chalukyas art, there are several temples of note here. Among them the Kasivisvesvara temple, Lakkundi is the most ornate and elaborately furnished. There is also the Brahma Jinalaya, a Jain temple, the largest and oldest shrine at Lakkundi. There is sculpture gallery (Museum) maintained by the ASI (Archaeological Survey of India).

Lakkundi also has a Darga of Zindeshah Wali.

Lakshmeshwara

Lakshmeshwara is a town,and newly created Taluk place with Gajendragarh in Gadag district, in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is about 40 km from Gadag and 55 km from Hubli. Lakshmeshwara is an agricultural trading town.

There are many important temples in this historic town, including the Shiva temple, the "Someshwara Temple". There are two ancient Jain temples (Sannabasadi and Shankabasadi) in the town, as well as a notable Jamma Masjid. Lakshmeshwara is also home for many smaller shrines, a dargah, the Kodiyellamma temple, the Mukha Basavanna shrine, and a gigantic idol of Suryanarayana.

Lakmeshwar is 52 km from Hubli and 40 km from Gadag. There are direct trains from Bangalore to Lakmeshwar.

Meundi

Mewundi is a village in the Mundaragi tehsil of Gadag district in Karnataka state, India. It is a situated few kilometres from NH-63 on the state highway from Gadag to Mundaragi.

Mundargi

Mundaragi is a municipal town in Gadag district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Mundargi is close to two district headquarters, being about 36 kilometres (22 mi) from Gadag, around 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Koppal and 99 kilometers from Gajendragad. Mundargi is also the taluka headquarter of the same name. Pin code of Mundaragi is 582118.The name 'Mundaragi' is said to have derived from the stone hill, located to north-west of the town,Murudagiri, meaning 'Hill of Shiva'. The river Tungabhadra flows about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from Mundargi, and provides water for the town.

Shirahatti

Shirahatti is a panchayat town in Gadag district in the Indian state of Karnataka.

Soratur

Soratur also spelled as Soratooru (Kannada: ಸೊರಟೂರು) is a village in the Gadag taluk of Gadag district in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is located in the Gadag taluk of Gadag district in Karnataka.

Sudi

Sudi, is a panchayat town in the Gadag District of Karnataka, India. It is about 30 km from Badami, 12 km from Gajendragad and 3 km from Itagi Bhimambika temple. In the past it was an important town of the Kalyani Chalukyas during 1000 AD. It is notable for rare stone carved monuments like Twin towered temple, Mallikarjuna temple and nagakunda (large well built of stone and carvings), and few other structural temples. For long time these structures were abandoned, but recently they caught the eye of the Indian Archaeological Department (ASI - Archaeological Survey of India).

Timmapur, Gadag district

Timmapur is a village in the Gadag district of Karnataka State in India.

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