Gümüşhane Province

Gümüşhane Province (Turkish: Gümüşhane ili) is a province in northern Turkey, bordering Bayburt to the east, Trabzon to the north, Giresun and Erzincan to the west. It covers an area of 6,575 km² and has a population of 129,618 in 2010. The population was 186,953 in 2000. The name Gümüşhane means silver house. The city has a rich mining (silver and bronze) history and was the source of exports for Trabzon.

Gümüşhane Province

Gümüşhane ili
Location of Gümüşhane Province in Turkey
Location of Gümüşhane Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionEast Black Sea
SubregionTrabzon
Government
 • Electoral districtGümüşhane
Area
 • Total6,575 km2 (2,539 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total162,748
 • Density25/km2 (64/sq mi)
Area code(s)0406
Vehicle registration29

Geography

Gümüşhane is surrounded by high mountains, Zigana-Trabzon Mountains to the north, Çimen Mountains to the south, Giresun Mountains to the west and Pulur, Soğanlı Mountains to the east. Trekking is popular sport is at these mountains. The Zigana Mountain has a ski center on it and it is a well known touristic place for winter sports. Abdal Musa Peak (3331 m.) is the highest peak within it. The main trees in the forests are Scotch pine and fir, and there are many animals and birds in the area. There are many lakes such as Karanlık Göl, Beş Göller, Artebel Gölü, Kara Göller which are at the peak of Gavurdağı Mountain, and are preserved as natural parks. These all mountains compose 56% of the area of Gümüşhane province.

Districts

Gümüşhane province is divided into 6 districts (capital district in bold):

Economy

Historically, the province had silver mines. However, production ceased due to deforestation by 1920.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 73.

External links

Coordinates: 40°23′17″N 39°25′07″E / 40.38806°N 39.41861°E

Battle of Köse Dağ

The Battle of Köse Dağ was fought between the Sultanate of Rum ruled by the Seljuq dynasty and the Mongol Empire on June 26, 1243 at the defile of Köse Dağ, a location between Erzincan and Gümüşhane in modern northeastern Turkey. The Mongols achieved a decisive victory.

Elceğiz Tunnel

The Elceğiz Tunnel (Turkish: Elceğiz Tüneli) is a road tunnel constructed on the Tirebolu–Gümüşhane state highway D.877 in Gümüşhane Province, northeastern Turkey. It was opened to traffic in 1998.

The 1,265 m (4,150 ft)-long single-tube tunnel carrying one lane of traffic in each direction is situated near Elceğiz village in Kürtün district. It is part of a series of 20 tunnels in various lengths in the Harşit River valley.

Gümüşhane

Gümüşhane or Gyumushkhana (Turkish: [ɟyˈmyʃhaːne] (listen), Argyrópolis or Arghyropolis, Αργυρόπολις in Greek) is a city and the capital district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The city lies along the Harşit River, at an elevation of 5,000 feet (1,500 m), about 40 miles (65 km) southwest of Trabzon. According to the 2010 census, population of Gümüşhane urban center is 28,620. The district covers an area of 1,789 km2 (691 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,227 m (4,026 ft). Coordinates on world : 40°27′35″N 39°28′40″E

Gümüşhane (electoral district)

Gümüşhane is an electoral district of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. It elects two members of parliament (deputies) to represent the province of the same name for a four-year term by the D'Hondt method, a party-list proportional representation system.

Karaca Cave

Karaca Cave (Turkish: Karaca Mağarası) is a network of caves located near the town of Torul in Gümüşhane Province, Turkey.

Although the cave was known to the people living in that region, it became open to tourism as a result of the scientific research conducted by Sukru Eroz, a geological engineer from Cebeli Village, between the years 1983-1990. Prof. Dr. Remzi Dilek and his team from the Department of Geological Engineering at the (Karadeniz Technical University) contributed a lot of research and scientific studies of the cave. As a result of these studies, it was opened to tourism in 1996 after the Ministry of Culture and Tourism was informed and the cave was officially registered.

Kelkit

Kelkit is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The famous Aysu is from Kelkit. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 39,547 of which 13,784 live in the town of Kelkit. The district covers an area of 1,438 km2 (555 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,377 m (4,518 ft).

The name "Kelkit" comes from the Kelkit River, a major tributary of the Yeşil River, which flows into the Black Sea. Kelkit's population is around 20,000 and it has 105 villages. People are either farmers or small business owners.

Koruluk Dam

Koruluk Dam is a dam in Gümüşhane Province, Turkey, built between 1990 and 2001. It therefore holds back water from flooding the lands. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Köse Dam

Köse Dam is a dam in Gümüşhane Province, Turkey, built between 1998 and 2003. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Kürtün

Kürtün is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 15,546 of which 3,488 live in the town of Kürtün. The district covers an area of 732 km2 (283 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,135 m (3,724 ft).

Kürtün Dam

The Kürtün Dam is a concrete-face rock-fill dam on the Harşit River located 5 km (3 mi) east of Kürtün in Gümüşhane Province, Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works. Construction began in 1986 and the reservoir started to fill in 2002. The dam was completed in 2003 and its underground power station became operational in 2004. The hydroelectric power station, located below and just downstream of the right abutment of the dam, has an installed capacity of 80 MW.

List of populated places in Gümüşhane Province

Below is the list of populated places in Gümüşhane Province, Turkey by district. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

New Mount Zigana Tunnel

New Mount Zigana Tunnel (Turkish: Yeni Zigana Dağı Tüneli) is a road tunnel under construction in the Black Sea Region of Turkey. Located on the provincial border of Gümüşhane and Trabzon, the tunnel will carry routes D.885 E97 between Torul, Gümüşhane in the south and Maçka, Trabzon in the north.

Situated near Mount Zigana in the Pontic Mountains, the new twin tube tunnel will be the country's longest tunnel with a length of 14,481 m (47,510 ft).It is being built to bypass the 2,032 m (6,667 ft) Zigana Pass and the current Zigana Tunnel. It will shorten the route by about 8 km (5.0 mi) and reduce the travel time by twenty minutes.

Patara (Cappadocia)

Patara (Ancient Greek: Πάταρα) was a small ancient city in ancient Cappadocia or Lesser Armenia, (Tab. Peut.), later in Pontus. The city lay on the major trade road from Trapezus on the Black Sea to Satala, and thence to Lake Van.

Its site is located near Madenhanları, Asiatic Turkey.

Salmankaş Tunnel

The Salmankaş Tunnel (Turkish: Salmankaş Tüneli) is a road tunnel under construction located on the province border of Gümüşhane and Bayburt connecting the provincial roads P.29-26 and P.69-75 on the route from Araklı, Trabzon via Dağbaşı, Trabzon to Uğrak, Bayburt in northeastern Turkey.Situated on the Mount Salmankaş of Pontic Mountains, it is a 4,150 m (13,620 ft)-long twin-tube tunnel. The cost of the construction, which is carried out by as-yol Yapı A.Ş., is estimated to be 170 million.It was built to bypass the Salmankaş Pass at 2,280 m (7,480 ft) elevation, which is on the ancient Silk Road, with extremely steep incline and to alleviate Black Sea Region's access to Eastern Anatolia Region. The tunnel will also eliminate the six-month-long traffic inaccessibility during the winter months due to harsh climatic conditions by heavy snow fall, icing and fog. It will shorten the route about 16 km (9.9 mi) resulting in a travel time reduction from 2-3.5 hours to 1.5 hours.The groundbreaking ceremony was held in presence of Minister of Transport, Maritime and Communication Binali Yıldırım on 23 August 2012. For the construction of the tunnel the New Austrian Tunnelling method (NATM) is being applied. The breakthrough in the tunnel was achieved on 24 November 2013.

Satala

Located in Turkey, the settlement of Satala (Old Armenian: Սատաղ Satał), according to the ancient geographers, was situated in a valley surrounded by mountains, a little north of the Euphrates, where the road from Trapezus to Samosata crossed the boundary of the Roman Empire, when it was a bishopric, which remains a Latin Catholic titular see. Later it was connected with Nicopolis by two highways. Satala is now Sadak, a village of 500 inhabitants, in the Kelkit district of Gümüşhane Province in Turkey.

Torul

Torul is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 12,385 of which 4,421 live in the town of Torul. The district covers an area of 1,079 km2 (417 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,113 m (3,652 ft).

Torul Dam

The Torul Dam is a concrete-face rock-fill dam on the Harşit River located 10 km (6 mi) northwest of Torul in Gümüşhane Province, Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works. Construction on the dam began in 1998 and was completed in 2007. The dam's hydroelectric power plant was commissioned in 2008. Water is diverted through a tunnel and penstock on the river's north side where it reaches the power plant located about 4 km (2 mi) downstream. It has an installed capacity of 121.5 MW.

Zigana Tunnel

The Zigana Tunnel (Turkish: Zigana Tüneli) is a road tunnel constructed on the Maçka, Trabzon–Torul, Gümüşhane state highway D.885 E97 southwest of the provincial border Trabzon–Gümüşhane, northeastern Turkey. It was opened to traffic in 1988.

Situated at Zigana Pass on the Pontic Mountains, the 1,702 m (5,584 ft)-long tunnel was excavated in two years. The breakthrough took place on 2 September 1977. It carries one lane of traffic in each direction in one tube, which has 8.50 m (27.9 ft) clearance and 11.20 m (36.7 ft) width. The tunnel's elevation is at 1,820–1,795 m (5,971–5,889 ft) in the north-south direction.

Şiran

Şiran, also Karaca, is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is one of the points of passage between Eastern Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey, in the sense that the western road departing from Erzincan towards the Zigana Pass (the key pass between the two geographies) has its last urban stop in Şiran. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 17,600 of which 8,207 live in the town of Şiran. The district covers an area of 928 km2 (358 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,457 m (4,780 ft).

Gümüşhane Province of Turkey
Districts

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