Fumihiko Maki

Fumihiko Maki (槇 文彦 Maki Fumihiko, born September 6, 1928 in Tokyo) is a Japanese architect who teaches at Keio University SFC. In 1993, he received the Pritzker Prize for his work, which often explores pioneering uses of new materials and fuses the cultures of east and west.[1]

Fumihiko Maki
Fumihiko Maki 2010 alt
Maki at the MIT Media Lab in March 2010
BornSeptember 6, 1928 (age 90)
Tokyo, Japan
Alma materUniversity of Tokyo (Bachelor of Architecture, 1952)
Cranbrook Academy of Art (Master of Architecture, 1953)
Graduate School of Design, Harvard University (Master of Architecture, 1954)
AwardsPritzker Prize
AIA Gold Medal
PracticeMaki and Associates
BuildingsYerba Buena Center for the Arts, Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum
ProjectsExpansion of the United Nations building in Manhattan.


After studying at the University of Tokyo, graduating in 1952, he moved to the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, graduating with a master's degree in 1953. He then studied at Harvard Graduate School of Design, graduating with a Master of Architecture degree in 1954.


In 1956, he took a post as assistant professor of architecture at Washington University in St. Louis, where he also was awarded his first commission: the design of Steinberg Hall (an art center) on the university's Danforth Campus. This building remained his only completed work in the United States until 1993, when he completed the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts building in San Francisco.[2] In 2006, he returned to Washington University in St. Louis to design the new home for the Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum and Walker Hall.

In 1960 he returned to Japan to help establish the Metabolism Group.

He worked for Skidmore, Owings and Merrill in New York City and for Sert Jackson and Associates in Cambridge, Massachusetts and founded Maki and Associates in 1965.

In 2006, he was invited to join the judging panel for an international design competition for the new Gardens by the Bay in Singapore.

Maki designed an extension building for the MIT Media Lab in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which was completed in 2009.[3]

After completing a $330 million expansion of the United Nations building in Manhattan, Maki designed Tower 4 at the former World Trade Center site which opened in 2013. While it has criticized his 51 Astor Place project as "out of place," New York magazine called Tower 4 "pretty exquisite."[4]

Maki will be designing the London campus of the Aga Khan University along with a cultural centre as part of the King's Cross development project. These will be Maki's first European projects and represent the third and fourth Aga Khan projects for Maki, who also designed the Delegation of the Ismaili Imamat in Ottawa and Aga Khan Museum in Toronto.[5] He was also assigned by the Sonja & Reinhard Ernst Stiftung to design the Museum Reinhard Ernst in Wiesbaden, Germany, to display the foundations’ collection of abstract art.[1]


Spiral house Tokyo
Spiral Building in Tokyo, 1985
Kemper Art Museum at Wash U
Kemper Art Museum, Washington University in St. Louis, 2006
Works in progress

Gallery of works

Tsuda Hall

Tsuda Hall, Tokyo (1988)

Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium Interior

Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium, Sendagaya Tokyo (1990)

Nakatsu Obata Commemoration Library

Nakatsu Obata Commemoration Library, Nakatsu Ōita Japan (1993)

Kaze-no-Oka Crematorium

Kaze-no-Oka Crematorium (1997)

Hillside West

Hillside West (1998)

TV Asahi Headquarters 2010

TV Asahi Headquarters, Tokyo (2003)

Yokohama Island Tower

Yokohama Island Tower, Yokohama (2003)

The National Institute for Japanese Language

The National Institute for Japanese Language, Tokyo (2005)

Shimane Museum of Ancient Izumo

Shimane Museum of Ancient Izumo, Shimane Japan

MIT Media Lab new building

MIT Media Lab Extension, Cambridge, Massachusetts (2009)[3]

Aga Khan Museum in Toronto - Entrance

Aga Khan Museum, Toronto (2014)



  1. ^ "Part Laureates: Fumihiko Maki". PritzkerPrize.com. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  2. ^ "Fumihiko Maki - Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate - 1993". PritzkerPrize.com. Archived from the original on June 5, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c "Media Lab and SA+P Extension". MIT Facilities.
  4. ^ "The Approval Matrix". New York. November 4, 2013.
  5. ^ "Japan's Fumihiko Maki to design Aga Khan university in London". Architect Journal.

Further reading

External links

1993 in architecture

The year 1993 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

4 World Trade Center

4 World Trade Center (also known by its street address, 150 Greenwich Street) is a skyscraper that is part of the World Trade Center complex in New York City. It is located on the southeast corner of the 16-acre (6.5 ha) World Trade Center site, where the original nine-story 4 World Trade Center stood. Pritzker Prize-winning architect Fumihiko Maki was awarded the contract to design the 978-foot-tall (298 m) building. It houses the headquarters of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ).The building's groundbreaking took place in January 2008, and it opened to tenants and the public on November 13, 2013. As of 2016, it is the third tallest skyscraper at the rebuilt World Trade Center, behind One and 3 World Trade Center. However, 2 World Trade Center is expected to surpass the height of both 3 and 4 WTC upon completion. The total floor space of the building includes 1.8 million square feet (167,000 square meters) of office and retail space.

51 Astor Place

51 Astor Place is an office building in the Astor Place neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. It was developed by Edward J. Minskoff Equities. It is the headquarters of IBM's IBM Watson Group division. Like neighboring building Astor Place Tower, the black glass building designed by Fumihiko Maki was controversial for its architectural style and nicknamed "The Death Star" by locals.

AIA Gold Medal

The AIA Gold Medal is awarded by the American Institute of Architects conferred "by the national AIA Board of Directors in recognition of a significant body of work of lasting influence on the theory and practice of architecture."

It is the Institute's highest award. Since 1947, the medal has been awarded more or less annually.

Aga Khan Museum

The Aga Khan Museum (French: Musée Aga Khan) is a museum of Islamic art, Iranian (Persian) art and Muslim culture in the North York district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The museum is an initiative of the Aga Khan Trust for Culture, an agency of the Aga Khan Development Network. It houses collections of Islamic art and heritage, including artifacts from the private collections of His Highness the Aga Khan, the Institute of Ismaili Studies in London, and Prince and Princess Sadruddin Aga Khan, which showcase the artistic, intellectual and scientific contributions of Muslim civilizations.

Annenberg Public Policy Center

The Annenberg Public Policy Center (APPC) is a center for the study of public policy at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania. It has offices in Washington, D.C. and Philadelphia, where the University of Pennsylvania is located.

Ark Hills

Ark Hills (アークヒルズ, Āku Hiruzu) is a major office development by Mori Building Company in Minato, Tokyo. Completed in 1986, the complex includes the ANA InterContinental Tokyo Hotel, the ARK Mori Building (a 37-floor, almost 2,000,000-square-foot (190,000 m2) mixed-use tower), the world-class Suntory Hall concert hall, a TV studio and several apartment buildings. TV Asahi still uses its former headquarters as an annexe for some of its departments and subsidiaries; the network's headquarters themselves were moved nearby building designed by Fumihiko Maki in 2003. Every September the area celebrates with an autumn festival that includes music, dancing, food, art, and shopping.

The name "ARK" is derived from the location of the complex at the intersection of the Akasaka, Roppongi, and Kasumigaseki districts. (Another explanation is that the name stands for Akasaka and Roppongi Knot.) It is built on a slight slope, rather than a hill.

The heliport on the roof of the Ark Mori Building is used to provide direct flights between Narita International Airport and Ark Hills (approximately 20 minutes) since September 2009.

Delegation of the Ismaili Imamat, Ottawa

The Delegation of the Ismaili Imamat in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, a building of the Aga Khan Foundation Canada located between the Embassy of Saudi Arabia and the Lester B. Pearson Building on Sussex Drive. It was opened in 2008.

The building, as named, serves as a de facto embassy in Canada for the Aga Khan, the Imam (spiritual leader) of Nizari Muslims, through which the Aga Khan's office (under the auspices of the Aga Khan Foundation) can receive dignitaries of the Canadian government.

Iwasaki Art Museum

Iwasaki Art Museum (岩崎美術館, Iwasaki bijutsukan) opened in Ibusuki, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, in 1983. Located in the gardens of a resort hotel and designed by Fumihiko Maki, the Museum's collection includes works by Kuroda Seiki and Fujishima Takeji, as well as Western painters. The adjacent Iwasaki Yoshie Craft Gallery (岩崎芳江工芸館) was established by the bequest of Iwasaki Yoshie, wife of the Museum's founder businessman Iwasaki Yohachirō (岩崎與八郎), and opened in 1998. It houses objects including Satsuma ware and folk art from Papua New Guinea.

Keio University Shonan Fujisawa Campus

Keio University Shonan Fujisawa Campus (慶應義塾大学湘南藤沢キャンパス, Keio Gijuku Daigaku Shonan-Fujisawa kanpasu), also known as “Keio SFC” is a research-oriented campus of Keio University located in the city of Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. The campus currently offers three undergraduate courses, two postgraduate courses and incorporates one high school and several research institutes. The campus was designed by Fumihiko Maki, a Pritzker Prize laureate.

MIT Media Lab

The MIT Media Lab is an antidisciplinary research laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, growing out of MIT's Architecture Machine Group in the School of Architecture. Its research does not restrict to fixed academic disciplines, but draws from technology, media, science, art and design. As of 2014, Media Lab's research groups include neurobiology, biologically inspired fabrication, socially engaging robots, emotive computing, bionics, and hyperinstruments.The Media Lab was founded in 1985 by Nicholas Negroponte and former MIT President Jerome Wiesner, and is housed in the Wiesner Building (designed by I. M. Pei), also known as Building E15. The Lab has been written about in the popular press since 1988, when Stewart Brand published The Media Lab: Inventing the Future at M.I.T., and its work was a regular feature of technology journals in the 1990s. In 2009, it expanded into a second building.

Makuhari Messe

Makuhari Messe (幕張メッセ) is a Japanese convention center outside Tokyo, located in the Mihama-ku ward of Chiba city, in the northwest corner of Chiba prefecture. Designed by Fumihiko Maki, it is easily accessible by Tokyo's commuter rail system. Makuhari is the name of the area, and Messe is a German language word meaning "trade fair".

The convention center opened on October 9, 1989. It hosts many high-technology events.

Makuhari Messe is conveniently close to Tokyo Disney Resort in Urayasu, and to Chiba prefecture's black sand beaches. It is easily accessible from Kaihimmakuhari station on the Keiyō Line of East Japan Railway Company (JR East). The center is the host of the annual Tokyo Auto Salon (modified car show, in January), the biennial Tokyo Motor Show (in October), the annual Tokyo Game Show (video game hardware and software exhibition, in September), the annual Jump Festa (manga, anime, and video game exposition, in December), and the biannual Wonder Festival (toys, scale figures, and garage kits exposition, in February and July). The venue was host to several Nintendo Space World events.

Megastructures (architecture)

Megastructure is an architectural and urban concept of the post-war eras which envisions a city or an urban form that could be encased in a massive single man-made structure or a relatively small number of interconnected structures. In a megastructural project, orders and hierarchies are created with large and permanent structures supporting small and transitional ones.

According to John W. Cook and Heinrich Klotz, the lexical meaning of megastructure is an over-scaled, colossal, multi-unit architectural mass. The post-war megastructure movements led by avant-garde architectural groups such as Metabolists and Archigram regarded megastructure as an instrument to solve issues of urban disorder.

Megastructure was once the dominant tendency in architecture of the 1960s, which resulted in numerous radical architectural proposals and a few built projects.

Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum

The Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum is an art museum located on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis, within the university's Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts. It was founded in 1881 as the St. Louis School and Museum of Fine Arts, and initially located in a building in downtown St. Louis. It is the oldest art museum west of the Mississippi River. Its collection was formed in large part by acquiring significant works by artists of the time, a legacy that continues today. The Museum contains strong holdings of 19th-, 20th-, and 21st-century European and American paintings, sculptures, prints, installations, and photographs. The collection also includes some Egyptian and Greek antiquities, Old Master prints, and the Wulfing Collection of approximately 14,000 ancient Greek, Roman, and Byzantine coins.

The museum moved to its current home, designed by Pritzker Prize-winner Fumihiko Maki, in 2006.

Sea World Culture and Arts Center

Sea World Culture and Arts Center is a waterfront situated multi-use culture and arts center within the greater Sea World development in Shekou, China. The project is a joint venture between the state owned China Merchants Group and Great Britain's Victoria and Albert Museum. It is designed by the Japanese architect Fumihiko Maki. Completed in 2017 the structure is built in two parts. The first part the "sculptural podium" contains the museum and retail stores and the second made up of "three cantilevered volumes" houses a theater, a restaurant and a "multi purpose hall".Located in Shekou, Nanshan District, in the PRC"S most prosperous city Shenzen, this is the Pritzker Prize winning architect Maki's first building in the PRC.The park around the building was also designed by Maki and associates in collaboration with the landscape architecture firm Studio on Site.

Shimane Museum of Ancient Izumo

The Shimane Museum of Ancient Izumo (島根県立古代出雲歴史博物館, Shimane kenritsu kodai Izumo rekishi hakubutsukan) opened in Izumo, Shimane Prefecture, Japan in 2007.

The design, by architect Fumihiko Maki, references the locally-important tatara steel; construction was completed in March 2006.The permanent collection focuses on Izumo-taisha, Izumo Fudoki, and bronze artifacts of the Kofun period - including National Treasures from the Kojindani site - as well as the history of life in Shimane.

Spiral (building)

Spiral is a building by architect Fumihiko Maki in Aoyama, Tokyo, Japan. It was commissioned by lingerie company Wacoal and was completed in 1985. It is a multi-use building, with gallery space, multipurpose hall, cafe, restaurant and bar, salon, and shops. The defining feature of the building is a seemingly floating spiral ramp (15m in diameter) that encircles the rear gallery space and climbs to the second floor. The exterior facade of aluminum and glass reflects the jumbled nature of the surrounding streetscape. Also known as the Wacoal Art Center, Spiral is a nexus of cultural life in Aoyama, presenting music, art, film, and theater events.

Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium

Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium (東京体育館, Tōkyō Taiikukan) is a sporting complex in Sendagaya, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan. Built in 1954 for the World Wrestling Championship, it was also used as the venue for gymnastics at the 1964 Summer Olympics, and will host the table tennis competition at the 2020 Summer Olympics. The gymnasium was rebuilt to a futuristic design created by Pritzker Prize winner Fumihiko Maki from 1986 to 1990.

The gymnasium is a one-minute walk from Sendagaya Station on the Chūō-Sōbu Line and Kokuritsu Kyogijo Station on the Toei Oedo Line.

Yerba Buena Center for the Arts

Yerba Buena Center for the Arts (YBCA) is a multi-disciplinary contemporary arts center in San Francisco, California, United States. Located in Yerba Buena Gardens, YBCA features visual art, performance, and film/video that celebrates local, national, and international artists and the Bay Area's diverse communities. YBCA programs year-round in two landmark buildings—the Galleries and Forum by Japanese architect Fumihiko Maki and Theater by American architect James Stewart Polshek and Todd Schliemann. Betti-Sue Hertz served as Curator from 2008 through 2015.

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