Fulton J. Sheen

Fulton John Sheen (born Peter John Sheen, May 8, 1895 – December 9, 1979) was an American bishop (later archbishop) of the Catholic Church known for his preaching and especially his work on television and radio. Ordained a priest of the Diocese of Peoria in 1919,[1] Sheen quickly became a renowned theologian, earning the Cardinal Mercier Prize for International Philosophy in 1923. He went on to teach theology and philosophy at the Catholic University of America as well as acting as a parish priest before being appointed Auxiliary Bishop of the Archdiocese of New York in 1951. He held this position until 1966 when he was made the Bishop of Rochester from October 21, 1966, to October 6, 1969, when he resigned[2] and was made the Archbishop of the titular see of Newport, Wales.

For 20 years as Father Sheen, later Monsignor, he hosted the night-time radio program The Catholic Hour on NBC (1930–1950) before moving to television and presenting Life Is Worth Living (1951–1957). Sheen's final presenting role was on the syndicated The Fulton Sheen Program (1961–1968) with a format very similar to that of the earlier Life is Worth Living show. For this work, Sheen twice won an Emmy Award for Most Outstanding Television Personality, and was featured on the cover of Time Magazine.[3] Starting in 2009, his shows were being re-broadcast on the EWTN and the Trinity Broadcasting Network's Church Channel cable networks.[4] Due to his contribution to televised preaching Sheen is often referred to as one of the first televangelists.[5][6]

The cause for his canonization was officially opened in 2002. In June 2012, Pope Benedict XVI officially recognized a decree from the Congregation for the Causes of Saints stating that he lived a life of "heroic virtues" – a major step towards beatification – and he is now referred to as "Venerable."[7][8]


Fulton J. Sheen
BpSheen
SeeRochester, Monroe County, New York
AppointedOctober 21, 1966
Term endedOctober 6, 1969
PredecessorJames Edward Kearney
SuccessorJoseph Lloyd Hogan
Other postsTitular Archbishop of Neoportus (Latin: Newport, Wales; personal title)
Orders
OrdinationSeptember 20, 1919
by Edmund M. Dunne
ConsecrationJune 11, 1951
by Adeodato Giovanni Piazza
Personal details
Birth namePeter John Sheen
BornMay 8, 1895[1]
El Paso, Illinois,[1] United States
DiedDecember 9, 1979 (aged 84)
New York City, United States
BuriedSt. Patrick's Cathedral, New York, US
NationalityAmerican
DenominationRoman Catholic
ResidenceEl Paso, Illinois
Peoria, Illinois
Bourbonnais, Illinois
Minnesota
Washington, D.C.
Louvain, Belgium
Rome, Italy
London, UK
New York City
Rochester, New York
Previous post
Alma mater
MottoDa per matrem me venire (English: Grant that I may come [to You] through the mother [Mary])
Signature
Fulton J. Sheen's signature
Coat of armsFulton J. Sheen's coat of arms
Sainthood
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Title as SaintVenerable
AttributesArchbishop's attire
ShrinesTomb in St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York; birthplace museum in El Paso, Illinois; Fulton Sheen Museum, Diocesan Museums, Spalding Pastoral Center, Peoria, Illinois
Ordination history of
Fulton J. Sheen
History
Priestly ordination
DateSeptember 20, 1919
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorAdeodato Giovanni Card. Piazza OCD (Sec. Sacr. Cons. Cong.)
Co-consecratorsMartin John O'Connor (Pres. Pont. Cons. Comm. Soc.)
Leone Giovanni Battista Nigris (Sacr. Cong. Prop. Fide Apos. Nunc. em.)
DateJune 11, 1951
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Fulton J. Sheen as principal consecrator
Joseph B. HoulihanNovember 20, 1960

Childhood

Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Immaculate Conception (Peoria, Illinois) - nave
Interior of Cathedral of St. Mary of the Immaculate Conception (Peoria, Peoria County, Illinois)

Sheen was born in El Paso, Illinois, the oldest of four sons of Newton and Delia Sheen. His parents are of Irish descent, tracing their roots back to Croghan, County Roscommon, Connacht. Though he was known as Fulton, his mother's maiden name, he was baptized as Peter John Sheen.[9][1] As an infant, Sheen contracted tuberculosis.[10] After the family moved to nearby Peoria, Illinois, Sheen's first role in the Church was as an altar boy at St. Mary's Cathedral.[1][9]

Education

After earning high school valedictorian honors at Spalding Institute in Peoria, Peoria County, Illinois, in 1913, Sheen was educated at St. Viator College in Bourbonnais, Kankakee County, Illinois, attended Saint Paul Seminary in Minnesota before his ordination on September 20, 1919,[1] then followed that with further studies at The Catholic University of America in Washington, District of Columbia[9][11] His youthful appearance was still evident on one occasion when a local priest asked Sheen to assist as altar boy during the celebration of the Mass.[9]

Sheen earned a Doctor of Philosophy at the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium in 1923.[11] His thesis was titled, "The Spirit of Contemporary Philosophy and the Finite God".[12] While at Leuven, he became the first American ever to win the Cardinal Mercier award for the best philosophical treatise.[9] In 1924 Sheen pursued further studies in Rome earning a Sacred Theology Doctorate at the Pontificium Collegium Internationale Angelicum, the future Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum.[13][14]

Priestly life

Sheen was the assistant to the pastor at St. Patrick's Church, Soho Square in London, Middlesex for a year, while teaching theology at St. Edmund's College, Ware, where he met Ronald Knox. Although Oxford and Columbia wanted him to teach philosophy, in 1926 Bishop Edmund Dunne of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Peoria, Illinois, asked Sheen to take over St. Patrick's parish. After nine months, Dunne returned him to Catholic University, where he taught philosophy until 1950.[15][9]

In 1929, Sheen gave a speech at the National Catholic Educational Association. He encouraged teachers to "educate for a Catholic Renaissance" in the United States. Sheen was hoping that Catholics would become more influential in their country through education, which would help attract others to the faith. He believed that Catholics should "integrate" their faith into the rest of their daily life.[16]

He was consecrated a bishop on June 11, 1951,[2] and served as an Auxiliary Bishop of the Archdiocese of New York from 1951 to 1965. The Principal Consecrator was the Discalced Carmelite Cardinal Adeodato Giovanni Piazza, the Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina e Poggio Mirteto and the Secretary of the Sacred Consistorial Congregation (what is today the Congregation for Bishops). The Principal Co-Consecrators were Archbishop Leone Giovanni Battista Nigris, Titular Archbishop of Philippi and the Secretary of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith (what is today the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples); and Archbishop Martin John O'Connor, Titular Archbishop of Laodicea in Syria and President Emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications.

In 1966, Sheen was made the Bishop of Rochester. He served in this position from October 21, 1966, to October 6, 1969, when he resigned[2] and was made the Archbishop of the titular see of Newport, Wales.

Media career

Styles of
Fulton J. Sheen
Coat of arms of Fulton John Sheen
Reference styleThe Most Reverend
Spoken styleYour Excellency
Religious styleYour Excellency
Posthumous styleVenerable

Radio

A popular instructor, Sheen wrote the first of 73 books in 1925, and in 1930 began a weekly NBC Sunday night radio broadcast, The Catholic Hour.[11] Sheen called World War II not only a political struggle, but also a "theological one." He referred to Hitler as an example of the "Anti-Christ."[17] Two decades later, the broadcast had a weekly listening audience of four million people. Time referred to him in 1946 as "the golden-voiced Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen, U.S. Catholicism's famed proselytizer" and reported that his radio broadcast received 3,000–6,000 letters weekly from listeners.[18] During the middle of this era, he conducted the first religious service broadcast on the new medium of television, putting in motion a new avenue for his religious pursuits.

Television

Fulton J. Sheen NYWTS
Bishop Sheen stands before a bookcase on the set of his Dumont television program

In 1951 he began a weekly television program on the DuMont Television Network titled Life Is Worth Living. Filmed at the Adelphi Theatre in New York City, the program consisted of the unpaid Sheen simply speaking in front of a live audience without a script or cue cards, occasionally using a chalkboard.

The show, scheduled in a primetime slot on Tuesday nights at 8:00 p.m., was not expected to challenge the ratings giants Milton Berle and Frank Sinatra, but did surprisingly well. Berle, known to many early television viewers as "Uncle Miltie" and for using ancient vaudeville material, joked about Sheen, "He uses old material, too", and observed that "[i]f I'm going to be eased off the top by anyone, it's better that I lose to the One for whom Bishop Sheen is speaking."[9] Sheen responded in jest that maybe people should start calling him "Uncle Fultie".[19] Life and Time magazine ran feature stories on Bishop Sheen. The number of stations carrying Life Is Worth Living jumped from three to fifteen in less than two months. There was fan mail that flowed in at a rate of 8,500 letters per week. There were four times as many requests for tickets as could be fulfilled. Admiral, the sponsor, paid the production costs in return for a one-minute commercial at the opening of the show and another minute at the close.[20] In 1952 Sheen won an Emmy Award for his efforts,[21] accepting the acknowledgment by saying, "I feel it is time I pay tribute to my four writers—Matthew, Mark, Luke and John." When Sheen won the Emmy, Berle quipped, "We both work for 'Sky Chief'", a reference to Berle's sponsor Texaco. Time called him "the first 'televangelist'", and the Archdiocese of New York could not meet the demand for tickets.[9]

One of his best-remembered presentations came in February 1953, when he forcefully denounced the Soviet regime of Joseph Stalin. Sheen gave a dramatic reading of the burial scene from Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, substituting the names of prominent Soviet leaders Stalin, Lavrenty Beria, Georgy Malenkov, and Andrey Vyshinsky for the original Caesar, Cassius, Marc Antony, and Brutus. He concluded by saying, "Stalin must one day meet his judgment." The dictator suffered a stroke a few days later and died within a week.[22]

The show ran until 1957, drawing as many as 30 million people on a weekly basis. In 1958, Sheen became national director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, serving for eight years before being appointed Bishop of the Diocese of Rochester, New York, on October 26, 1966. He also hosted a nationally syndicated series, The Fulton Sheen Program, from 1961 to 1968 (first in black and white and then in color). The format of this series was essentially the same as Life Is Worth Living.

International cassette tape ministry

In September 1974, the Archbishop of Washington asked Sheen to be the speaker for a retreat for diocesan priests at the Loyola Retreat House in Faulkner, Maryland. This was recorded on reel-to-reel tape, state of the art at the time.[23]

Sheen requested that the recorded talks be produced for distribution. This was the first production of what would become a worldwide cassette tape ministry called Ministr-O-Media, a nonprofit company that operated on the grounds of St. Joseph's Parish. The retreat album was titled, Renewal and Reconciliation, and included nine 60-minute audio tapes.[23]

Evangelization

Sheen was credited with helping convert a number of notable figures to the Catholic faith, including agnostic writer Heywood Broun, politician Clare Boothe Luce, automaker Henry Ford II, Communist writer Louis F. Budenz, Communist organizer Bella Dodd,[24] theatrical designer Jo Mielziner, violinist and composer Fritz Kreisler, and actress Virginia Mayo. Each conversion process took an average of 25 hours of lessons, and reportedly more than 95% of his students in private instruction were baptized.[9]

Fallout with Cardinal Spellman

According to the foreword written for a 2008 edition of Sheen's autobiography, Treasure in Clay: The Autobiography of Fulton J. Sheen, Catholic journalist Raymond Arroyo wrote why Sheen "retired" from hosting Life is Worth Living "at the height of its popularity ... [when] an estimated 30 million viewers and listeners tuned in each week."[25] Arroyo wrote that "It is widely believed that Cardinal Spellman drove Sheen off the air."[25]

Arroyo relates that "In the late 1950s the government donated millions of dollars' worth of powdered milk to the New York Archdiocese. In turn, Cardinal Spellman handed that milk over to the Society for the Propagation of the Faith to distribute to the poor of the world. On at least one occasion he demanded that the director of the Society, Bishop Sheen, pay the Archdiocese for the donated milk. He wanted millions of dollars. Despite Cardinal Spellman's considerable powers of persuasion and influence in Rome, Sheen refused. These were funds donated by the public to the missions, funds Sheen himself had personally contributed to and raised over the airwaves. He felt an obligation to protect them, even from the itchy fingers of his own Cardinal."[25]

Spellman later took the issue directly to Pope Pius XII, pleading his case with Sheen present. The Pope sided with Sheen. Spellman later confronted Sheen, stating, "I will get even with you. It may take six months or ten years, but everyone will know what you are like."[25] Besides being pressured to leave television Sheen also "found himself unwelcome in the churches of New York City. Spellman cancelled Sheen's annual Good Friday sermons at St. Patrick's Cathedral and discouraged clergy from befriending the Bishop."[25] In 1966 Spellman had Sheen reassigned to Rochester, New York, and caused his leadership at the Society for the Propagation of the Faith to be terminated (a position he had held for 16 years and raised hundreds of millions of dollars for, to which he had personally donated 10 million dollars of his own earnings).[25] On December 2, 1967, Spellman died in New York City.

Sheen never talked about the situation, only making vague references to his "trials both inside and outside the Church."[25] He even went so far as to praise Spellman in his autobiography.[25]

Later years

While serving in Rochester, he created the Sheen Ecumenical Housing Foundation, which survives to this day. He also spent some of his energy on political activities such as his denunciation of the Vietnam War in late July 1967.[26] On Ash Wednesday in 1967, Sheen decided to give St. Bridget's Parish building to the federal Housing and Urban Development program. Sheen wanted to let the government use it for black Americans. There was a protest since Sheen acted on his own accord. The pastor disagreed, saying that "There is enough empty property around without taking down the church and the school." The deal fell through.[27]

On October 15, 1969, one month after celebrating his 50th anniversary as a priest, Sheen resigned from his position and was then appointed Archbishop of the titular see of Newport, Wales (Latin: Neoportus) by Pope Paul VI. This ceremonial position gave him a promotion to Archbishop and thus helped to allow Sheen to continue his extensive writing. Archbishop Sheen wrote 73 books and numerous articles and columns.[21]

On October 2, 1979, two months before Sheen's death, Pope John Paul II visited St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City and embraced Sheen, saying, "You have written and spoken well of the Lord Jesus Christ. You are a loyal son of the Church."[28]

Death and legacy

Beginning in 1977 Sheen "underwent a series of surgeries that sapped his strength and even made preaching difficult."[25] Throughout this time he continued to work on his autobiography, parts of which "were recited from his sickbed as he clutched a crucifix."[25] Soon after an open-heart surgery at Lenox Hill Hospital,[21] Sheen died on December 9, 1979 in his private chapel in the presence of the Blessed Sacrament.[29] He is interred in the crypt of St. Patrick's Cathedral, near the deceased Archbishops of New York.

The official repository of Sheen's papers, television programs, and other materials is at St. Bernard's School of Theology and Ministry in Rochester, New York.[30]

Joseph Campanella introduces the re-runs of Sheen's various programs that are aired on EWTN. Reruns are also aired on Trinity Broadcasting Network. In addition to his television appearances, Sheen can also be heard on Relevant Radio.

The Fulton J. Sheen Museum, which is operated by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Peoria and located in Peoria, Illinois, houses the largest collection of Sheen's personal items in five collections.[31] The Museum is located just one block south of Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Immaculate Conception where Sheen served as an altar boy, had his first communion and confirmation, was ordained and celebrated his first Mass. Another museum is located in Sheen's home town of El Paso, Illinois. This museum contains various Sheen artifacts, but is not connected to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Peoria.[32]

The Sheen Center for Thought and Culture in Bleecker Street, Lower Manhattan, is named after him.[33]

Actor Ramón Gerard Antonio Estévez adopted the stage name of Martin Sheen partly in admiration of Fulton J. Sheen.[34]

Cause for canonization

The Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen Foundation was formed in 1998 by Gregory J. Ladd and Lawrence F. Hickey to make known the life of the archbishop. The foundation approached Cardinal John O'Connor of the Archdiocese of New York for permission to commence the process of for cause, which was under the authority of the Diocese of Peoria.[4] In 2002, Sheen's Cause for Canonization was officially opened by Bishop Daniel R. Jenky, C.S.C., Bishop of the Diocese of Peoria, and from then on Sheen was referred to as a "Servant of God." On February 2, 2008, the archives of Sheen were sealed at a ceremony during a special Mass at the Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Immaculate Conception in Peoria, Illinois, where the diocese was sponsoring his canonization.[21] In 2009, the diocesan phase of the investigation came to an end, and the records were sent to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints at the Vatican in Rome.

In November 2010, it was announced that the cause would be paused due to a disagreement with the Archdiocese of New York upon an unsettled debate concerning the return of Sheen's remains to the Diocese of Peoria.[35]

On June 28, 2012, the Vatican announced[36] officially that it had recognized Sheen's life as one of "heroic virtue", a major step towards an eventual beatification. From this moment on, Sheen is styled "Venerable Servant of God." According to Catholic News Service and The Catholic Post (the official newspaper of the Peoria Diocese), the case of a boy who as an infant had no discernible pulse for 61 minutes (who was about to be declared dead at OSF Saint Francis Medical Center in Peoria, Illinois, as a stillborn infant) and yet allegedly still lived to be healthy – without physical or mental impairment – is in the preliminary stages of being investigated as the possible miracle needed for Archbishop Sheen's potential beatification. If the miracle is approved at the diocesan level, and then by the Congregation for the Causes of Saints at the Vatican (being both medically unexplainable and directly attributable theologically to Sheen's intercession according to expert panels in both subject areas), then beatification may proceed. Another such miracle would be required for him to be considered for canonization.

On September 7, 2011, a tribunal of inquiry was sworn in to investigate the alleged healing. During a special Mass at 10:30 am on Sunday, December 11, 2011, at St. Mary's Cathedral in Peoria, the documentation gathered by the tribunal over nearly three months was boxed and sealed. It will then be shipped to the Vatican for consideration by the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, concluding the diocesan tribunal's work – which makes up much of the diocese's work on the project.[37]

On Sunday, September 9, 2012, a Mass of Thanksgiving and banquet was held at St. Mary's Cathedral and the Spalding Pastoral Center in celebration of the advancement of Archbishop Sheen's cause, with Bishop Daniel R. Jenky, C.S.C., and his predecessor as Bishop of Peoria, Newark Archbishop John J. Myers (celebrating his 25th anniversary of episcopal ordination), in attendance, along with many of the clergy and religious of the diocese and from around the country. Copies of the "Positio", or the book detailing the documentation behind his cause, were presented to Archbishop Myers, to representatives of the Church in other states, and to a delegate from the Archdiocese of Chicago, and to other patrons and supporters of his cause. According to statements made during the service by clergy connected to the Cause, the medical and theological study of the potential miracles needed for his beatification and canonization is currently well underway and at least one is seriously being considered. Due to new rules under Pope Benedict XVI stating that a beatification should occur locally, ideally in the candidate's home Diocese (which is usually but not always the Diocese that sponsors the Cause), it would likely take place in Peoria, the first there. Should he be beatified and canonized, he would be among a select few natives of the U.S. to hold that distinction.[38][39][40]

On Thursday, March 6, 2014 it was announced that a Vatican panel of medical experts could not determine a natural cause to a miracle attributed to Sheen; this is a major step on the road to beatification. The miracle: the reviving of the stillborn baby mentioned above who survived intact, so far, without having a detectable pulse at his birth for a lengthy period without explanation. For 61 minutes, while his mother prayed for Fulton Sheen's intercession, the child did not breathe and only took his first breaths as doctors were calling his time of death. Doctors predicted the child to grow up with terrifying effects like organ failure and cerebral palsy. After the child's first 5 months, he was considered to be a normally healthy child. The case will now go on to the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints, for further review. If the Congregation approves the miracle, then the cause will be passed on to Pope Francis, who will ultimately decide and sign and publish documentation on whether or not to beatify Archbishop Sheen, granting him the title of "Blessed".[41][42]

On Tuesday, June 17, 2014, a seven-member panel of theologians that advises the Congregation for the Causes of Saints also unanimously agreed that the aforementioned case could be attributable to the baby boy's parents asking for Archbishop Sheen's intercession during the 61-minute period. Having been evaluated and approved by both medical and theological examination, the case now will be examined by the Bishops and Cardinals who are members and officials of the Congregation, who must give their approval before the case can be forwarded to Pope Francis.[43][44]

Indefinite suspension of cause for canonization

However, on September 3, 2014, the cause was suspended indefinitely, not for problems with Sheen's moral character or with the miracle investigation, but because the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, within whose territory he is buried, had refused a request by Bishop Jenky of Peoria (who is the Actor, or supervisor, of the cause efforts because of his position as Bishop of Peoria) to have Archbishop Sheen's remains moved to Peoria. This needed to be done so the body could be closely examined and first-class relics taken, both of which are among the final steps that take place before beatification. Normally, causes take many years to progress to canonization. Nevertheless, the potential for a long delay was very frustrating to many in the area and beyond who had helped and funded his cause, and to his other supporters.[45][46][47][48]

Possible opportunity for resumption of cause

In a press release on June 14, 2016, it was announced that the surviving family of the late Archbishop has petitioned the Supreme Court of the State of New York to allow the transfer of Sheen's remains to Peoria. The press release claims that "on several occasions, the Archdiocese [of New York] has declared its desire to cooperate with the wishes of the family". If the transfer is approved it is possible the suspension in the cause for canonization may be lifted.[49]

In an action brought in New York Supreme Court, Justice Arlene P. Bluth ordered the Archdiocese of New York to grant permission to Sheen's family to disinter Sheen's body, finding a good and substantial reason for moving the remains of the decedent. The Court ruled that the Archdiocese's objection, that Sheen would not want the disinterment, was without factual basis. Given that his elevation to sainthood was being blocked until the Diocese of Peoria could petition for canonization, the Court found the family had sufficient justification to move his body.[50]

However, on February 6, 2018, the First Department of the New York State Appellate Division, overturned Justice Bluth's decision, ordering an evidentiary hearing be held as whether moving Sheen's body is consistent with his wishes.[51] The Court noted, "[I]t is unclear if Archbishop Sheen's direction in his will to be buried in "Calvary Cemetery, the official cemetery of the Archdiocese of New York" evinces an express intention to remain buried in the Archdiocese of New York, or was merely a descriptive term for Calvary Cemetery." However, after re-examining the case and holding the evidentiary hearing, on June 9, 2018, Justice Bluth affirmed her earlier ruling. It should be noted that the Archdiocese had allowed Peoria to begin the work on his cause for canonization, which eventually would have required at the least a collection of his relics.[52]

Selected books authored

  • God and Intelligence in Modern Philosophy (1925, Longmans, Green and Co.)
  • The Seven Last Words (1933, The Century Co.)
  • Philosophy of Science (1934, Bruce Publishing Co.)
  • The Eternal Galilean (1934, Appleton-Century-Crofts)
  • Calvary and the Mass (1936, P. J. Kenedy & Sons)
  • The Cross and the Beatitudes (1937, P. J. Kenedy & Sons)
  • Seven Words of Jesus and Mary (1945, P. J. Kenedy & Sons)
  • Communism and the Conscience of the West (1948, Bobbs-Merrill)
  • Peace of Soul (1949, McGraw–Hill)[53]
  • Three to Get Married (1951, Appleton-Century-Crofts)
  • The World's First Love (1952, McGraw-Hill)
  • Life Is Worth Living Series 1–5 (1953–1957, McGraw–Hill)
  • Way to Happiness (1953, Maco Magazine)
  • Way to Inner Peace (1955, Garden City Books)
  • Life of Christ (1958, McGraw–Hill)
  • Missions and the World Crisis (1963, Bruce Publishing Co.)
  • The Power of Love (1965, Simon & Schuster)
  • Footprints in a Darkened Forest (1967, Meredith Press)
  • Lenten and Easter Inspirations (1967, Maco Ecumenical Books)
  • Treasure in Clay: The Autobiography of Fulton J. Sheen (1980, Doubleday & Co.)
  • Finding True Happiness (2014, Dynamic Catholic)

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Fulton Sheen Biography and Inspiration". Archbishop Fulton John Sheen Foundation. Retrieved May 16, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c "Archbishop Fulton John Sheen". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Biography of Fulton J. Sheen - The Catholic University of America". fulton-sheen.cua.edu.
  4. ^ a b "Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen". Retrieved September 14, 2009.
  5. ^ Rodgers, Ann (August 29, 2006). "Emmy-winning televangelist on path toward sainthood: Sheen would be 1st American-born man canonized". Chicago Sun-Times. HighBeam Research. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2012.
  6. ^ "Fulton J. Sheen". Nndb.com. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  7. ^ Otterman, Sharon (June 29, 2012). "For a 1950s TV Evangelist, a Step Toward Sainthood". The New York Times. Retrieved July 5, 2012.
  8. ^ "The Venerable Fulton J. Sheen: a model of virtue for our time". News.va. Pontifical Council for Social Communications. June 30, 2012. Retrieved July 5, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Bishop Fulton Sheen: The First "Televangelist"". Time. April 14, 1952. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
  10. ^ Fulton J. Sheen. Treasure in Clay, Ch. 2 "The Molding of the Clay", p. 9, 1980 .
  11. ^ a b c "About Fulton J. Sheen". Fulton J. Sheen website. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved December 20, 2007.
  12. ^ Sheen, Fulton John. "The Spirit of Contemporary Philosophy and the Finite God." Thèse de doctorat – Université catholique de Louvain, 1923.
  13. ^ Encyclopedia of American Religious History. p. 921. ISBN 978-0816066605. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
  14. ^ "Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen obituary article from the Catholic Post". Allendrake.com. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  15. ^ "Fulton J. Sheen, Catholic Champion". Catholiceducation.org. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  16. ^ James Hennesey, S.J., American Catholics, Oxford University Press, 1981, 255.
  17. ^ James Hennesey, S.J., American Catholics, Oxford University Press, 1981, 280
  18. ^ "Radio Religion". Time. January 21, 1946. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
  19. ^ St. Fultie, The Next American Saint? Archived May 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Brennan, Phil, www.newsmax.com, December 14, 2004. Retrieved June 11, 2011.
  20. ^ Watson, M. A. (1999). "And they said Uncle Fultie didn't have a prayer". Television Quarterly, 30(2), 80–85.
  21. ^ a b c d Bearden, Michelle (January 24, 2009). "Mass Today Promotes Sheen For Sainthood". Tampa Tribune. p. 10.
  22. ^ Mikkelson, Barbara and David P. "Stalin for Time: Did Bishop Fulton Sheen foretell the death of Stalin?" Snopes.com, August 8, 2007.
  23. ^ a b An Enduring Journey of Faith: St. Joseph's Parish, Pomfret, Maryland, 2012 by St. Joseph's Church, Pomfret, Maryland, Harambee Productions, Inc. White Plains, Maryland 150 p
  24. ^ Briton Hadden; Henry Robinson Luce (1952). Time. Time Incorporated. p. 52.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Fulton J. Sheen (2008). Treasure in Clay: The Autobiography of Fulton J. Sheen. Doubleday.
  26. ^ James H. Willbanks, "Vietnam War Almanac", Facts on File, Inc. (2009), p. 215.
  27. ^ John T. McGreevy, Parish Boundaries: The Catholic Encounter with Race in the Twentieth-Century Urban North, University of Chicago Press, 1996, 242
  28. ^ "The Cause for Canonization". The Catholic University of America. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
  29. ^ "Biography of Fulton J. Sheen – The Catholic University of America". Retrieved 2017-01-04.
  30. ^ The Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen Archives accessed August 15, 2007 Archived February 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ "Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen Museum". Catholic Diocese of Peoria.
  32. ^ "Archbishop Fulton John Sheen Spiritual Center". Archbishopfultonsheencentre.com. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  33. ^ "Archbishop Fulton Sheen, Sheen Center for Thought and Culture
  34. ^ [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h_oMkQY2ico Martin Sheen on Why He Changed His Name & Emilio Estevez on Why He Didn't Change His Name. The Hudson Union. Youtube (evidently excerpted from Inside the Actors Studio, 2003.
  35. ^ "The Director's Corner – Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen". Archbishopsheencause.org. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  36. ^ Decrees of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints, June 28, 2012. Vatican Information Service, June 28, 2012.
  37. ^ "The Catholic Post : Article – Entries sought for sacred art show planned in Rock Island". Cdop.org. January 29, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  38. ^ "Archbishop Fulton Sheen Foundation". Fultonsheen.blogspot.com. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  39. ^ "Celebrate Sheen!". Celebrate Sheen!. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  40. ^ "World needs Archbishop Sheen's example of faith, virtue, says homilist". Catholic News Service. September 11, 2012. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  41. ^ "Archbishop Fulton Sheen Foundation: Press Release". Archbishop Fulton Sheen Foundation. March 6, 2014. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  42. ^ Teahan, Madeleine. "Fulton Sheen and the Miracle of Baby James." CatholicHeraldcouk. N.p., 1 July 2014. Web. 28 Mar. 2015.
  43. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-06.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  44. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-06.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  45. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 9, 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  46. ^ "Fulton Sheen sainthood effort halted".
  47. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 4, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  48. ^ STAFF, PANTAGRAPH. "Sheen sainthood process suspended".
  49. ^ Foundation, Archbishop Fulton Sheen (2016-06-14). "Press Release June 14, 2016". Archbishop Fulton Sheen Foundation. Retrieved 2016-06-30.
  50. ^ "Cunningham v. Trustees".
  51. ^ "Matter of Cunningham v Trustees of St. Patrick's Cathedral (2018 NY Slip Op 00815)". www.courts.state.ny.us.
  52. ^ "Civil court rules Fulton Sheen's remains can go to Peoria".
  53. ^ This book was Sheen's response to Rabbi Joshua L. Liebman's 1946 best-seller Peace of Mind.

Further reading

  • Reeves, Thomas C. (2001), America's Bishop. The Life and Times of Fulton J. Sheen. Encounter Books, San Francisco.
  • Riley, Kathleen L.(2004), "Fulton J. Sheen: An American Catholic Response to the Twentieth Century". St/Paul's/AlbaHouse, Staten Island.
  • Sherwood, Timothy H. (2010), The Preaching of Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen: The Gospel Meets the Cold War. Lexington Books. 137 p.
  • Sherwood, Timothy H. (2013). The Rhetorical Leadership of Fulton J. Sheen, Norman Vincent Peale, and Billy Graham in the Age of Extremes (Lexington Books; 2013) 158 pages
  • Winsboro, Irvin D. S., Michael Epple, "Religion, Culture, and the Cold War: Bishop Fulton J. Sheen and America's Anti-Communist Crusade of the 1950s", Historian, 71,2 (2009), 209–233.

External links

Catholic Church titles
New title
Titular see erected
— TITULAR —
Archbishop of Newport, Wales
1969–1979
Succeeded by
Howard G. Tripp
Preceded by
James E. Kearney
Archbishop-Bishop of Rochester
1966–1969
Succeeded by
Joseph Lloyd Hogan
Preceded by
Auxiliary Bishop of New York
1951–1966
Succeeded by
New title
Titular see erected
— TITULAR —
Bishop of Caesariana
1951–1966
Succeeded by
Angelo Felici
5th Primetime Emmy Awards

The 5th Emmy Awards, retroactively known as the 5th Primetime Emmy Awards after the debut of the Daytime Emmy Awards, were presented at the Hotel Statler in Los Angeles, California on February 5, 1953. The ceremonies were hosted by Art Linkletter.

Caesaropolis

Caesaropolis was a Byzantine city on the coast of eastern Macedonia. It was founded in 836 by the Caesar Alexios Mosele to consolidate Byzantine control over the Slavic tribes of the area.

It is mentioned as an episcopal see in Heinrich Gelzer's Nova Tactica (1717) and in Parthey's Notitiae episcopatuum, III (c. 1170-1179) and X (12th or 13th centuries), as a suffragan of Philippi in Macedonia. Lequien (II, 65) speaks of the see, but mentions no bishop. Manuscript notes give the names of two titulars: Meletius, who was alive in April 1329, and Gabriel, in November 1378.

In 1951 Bishop Fulton J. Sheen was named Titular Bishop of Caesaropolis by Pope Pius XII.No longer a residential bishopric, Caesaropolis is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.

Cardinal Mercier Prize for International Philosophy

The Cardinal Mercier Prize for International Philosophy is a prize given to recognise the recipients contribution to international philosophy. The prize is named after the theologian Cardinal Désiré-Joseph Mercier and has been won by Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen in 1923, John F. Wippel in 1981 and also Nicholas Rescher who received the award in 2005.

Dennis Walter Hickey

Dennis Walter Hickey (October 28, 1914 – October 6, 1999) was a Bishop of the Catholic Church in the United States. He served as an auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Rochester from 1968-1990.

El Paso, Illinois

El Paso is a city in Woodford and McLean counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. The population was 2,810 at the 2010 census. The Woodford County portion of El Paso is part of the Peoria, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area.

El Paso is a small community in central Illinois that took on more characteristics of a highway community after the construction of Interstate 39, which supplanted the older alignment of U.S. Highway 51. In addition, El Paso is a potential stop for Chicago-Peoria traffic via U.S. Highway 24.

Holy Hour

Holy Hour is the Roman Catholic devotional tradition of spending an hour in Eucharistic adoration in the presence of the Blessed Sacrament. A plenary indulgence is granted for this practice. The practice is also observed in some Anglican churches.

James Cardinal Gibbons Medal

The James Cardinal Gibbons Medal is named in honor James Cardinal Gibbons, the founder and first chancellor of The Catholic University of America. It is intended to honor any person who, in the opinion of the University's Alumni Association's Board of Governors, has rendered distinguished and meritorious service to the Roman Catholic Church, the United States of America, or The Catholic University of America.Winners include Bishop Fulton J. Sheen, Senator John F. Kennedy, Speaker John W. McCormack, Sargent Shriver, Nancy Reagan, Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, Sister Helen Prejean, and Ronan Tynan.The Gibbons Medal is conferred by the university president on behalf of the CUA Alumni Association during the alumni awards ceremony. John F. Kennedy was awarded the medal while still a senator, upon the nomination of Eddie Pryzbyla, a future winner himself.

John E. Kozar

Monsignor John E. Kozar is a priest of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh. Since 2011 he has served as President of the Catholic Near East Welfare Association.John Kozar grew up in Pittsburgh, spending extra time studying languages--Croatian, in order to honor his family heritage, and Italian and Spanish. Following studies at Saint Meinrad Seminary and School of Theology in Indiana and St. Mary's Seminary and University in Baltimore, he was ordained a priest May 1, 1971.

Then-Father Kozar served as an associate pastor at various parishes in the Diocese of Pittsburgh. From 1978 to 2001, he served as diocesan development director, making yearly pastoral visits to the diocesan mission in Chimbote, Peru. He also worked 1987-2001 as pilgrimage director for the diocese, 1995-97 as vicar for clergy, 1995-2001 as diocesan director of the Pontifical Mission Societies and 1997-2001 as director of the diocesan Jubilee Office, while simultaneously serving as pastor of several parishes.

Named national director of the Pontifical Mission Societies in January 2001, he acquired responsibility for the national offices of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, the Society of St. Peter Apostle and the Missionary Union of Priests and Religious; he added responsibility for the Holy Childhood Association later that year. He was named Chaplain to His Holiness in December 2003, and so holds the title "Monsignor." As successor to Archbishop Fulton Fulton J. Sheen at the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, Kozar played a supporting role in the introduction of Sheen's cause for canonization in 2004.Effective September 15, 2011, he became president of the Catholic Near East Welfare Association. In that capacity, he has overseen the Catholic Church's aid to Christians in the Indian subcontinent, the Near East and Middle East. His term has coincided with much of what has been termed the "Arab Spring," a time of special political sensitivity for Christians living in North Africa and the Middle East. Since then, Kozar's work with the CNEWA has necessitated increased effort at remedying the persecution of Christian and other minorities occasioned especially by conflicts in Syria and Iraq.

John Edgar McCafferty

John Edgar McCafferty (January 6, 1920 – April 30, 1980) was a Bishop of the Catholic Church in the United States. He served as an auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Rochester from 1968-1980.

Joseph Lloyd Hogan

Joseph Lloyd Hogan (March 11, 1916 – August 27, 2000) was the seventh Roman Catholic bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Rochester, New York.

Hogan was born in Lima, New York.

Joshua L. Liebman

Joshua Loth Liebman (1907–1948) was an American rabbi and best-selling author, best known for the book Peace of Mind, which spent more than a year at #1 on the New York Times Best Seller list.

Born in Hamilton, Ohio, Liebman graduated from the University of Cincinnati when he was 19 years old. He went on to be ordained and also earned a doctorate in Hebrew letters from Hebrew Union College. From 1934 to 1939, Liebman served as rabbi of K.A.M. Temple in Chicago, Illinois. In 1939, Liebman became the rabbi of Temple Israel, a Reform synagogue in Boston, Massachusetts.A sermon Liebman gave at Temple Israel, titled "The Road to Inner Serenity", was published as a pamphlet by one of his friends, bookstore owner Richard Fuller, who passed it on to publisher Richard L. Simon of Simon & Schuster. Simon & Schuster then arranged to publish Liebman's self-help book titled Peace of Mind, issued in 1946, which sought to reconcile religion and psychiatry. Liebman had himself previously undergone psychoanalysis. In Peace of Mind, Liebman "addressed himself to the individual whose personal grief and anxiety, unassuageable by social betterment alone, required an inner peace that psychology and religion, working together, could provide." Peace of Mind became one of the year's best-selling books. Reaching #1 on the New York Times nonfiction best-sellers list on October 27, 1946, Peace of Mind held the top position on the list for a total of 58 (non-consecutive) weeks, and spent more than three straight years on the list. (In 1949, Roman Catholic Bishop Fulton J. Sheen responded to Liebman's assertions by publishing a book of his own entitled Peace of Soul.)

In September 1947, the rabbi and his wife Fan took in a teenager, Leila Bornstein, a Polist-born survivor of the Auschwitz concentration camp. Leila's parents and two younger sisters perished in the camp. The rabbi and his wife had been childless for the past 19 years and would later adopt Leila. A brief article on the family was featured in The Ladies' Home Journal in January 1948. While Peace of Mind was still on the best-sellers list, Liebman died at age 41 on June 9, 1948. Liebman's death was attributed to a "heart attack" or "heart ailment", with one obituary reporting that he had a heart attack following a severe case of influenza. He is buried in the Temple Israel Cemetery in Wakefield, Massachusetts.

Life Is Worth Living

Life is Worth Living was an inspirational American television series which ran on the DuMont Television Network from February 12, 1952, to April 26, 1955, then on ABC until 1957, featuring the Venerable Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen. (Similar series, also featuring Sheen, followed in 1958–61 and 1961–68.)

Michael Dubruiel

Michael Dubruiel (November 16, 1958 – February 3, 2009) was a Roman Catholic author and speaker. Born in Keene, New Hampshire, Dubruiel served for four years in the U.S. Army before studying for a BA in philosophy from the now-closed St. Meinrad College and an MA in Christian Spirituality from Creighton University. Like his wife, Amy Welborn, Dubruiel became a widely read Catholic blogger while also writing several books.Works written by Dubruiel include:

How To Get The Most Out Of The Eucharist

The How-To Book of the Mass

The Church's Most Powerful Novenas

The Power of the Cross

Praying in the Presence of Our Lord with Fulton J. Sheen

Praying the Rosary

A Pocket Guide to the Mass

A Pocket Guide to Confession

Pope John Paul's Biblical Way of the Cross

Servants of the Blessed Sacrament

The Servants of the Blessed Sacrament is a Roman Catholic contemplative, but not cloistered, congregation of sisters with a focus on Eucharistic adoration.

St. Bernard's School of Theology and Ministry

St. Bernard's School of Theology and Ministry is a Roman Catholic theological school in Pittsford, New York. It has existed in its current form since 2003, but has existed through previous forms since 1893.

The Story of the Vatican

The Story of the Vatican is a 1941 American documentary directed by Jean Pages. The film was written by and stars Fulton J. Sheen (who would later become an archbishop in the Roman Catholic Church), and was the second of only four full-length features produced by The March of Time, better known for their newsreels. It was distributed by RKO Radio Pictures, which released the film on July 18, 1941.

The Venerable

The Venerable is used as a style or epithet in several Christian churches. It is also the common English-language translation of a number of Buddhist titles, and is used as a word of praise in some cases.

Venard Poslusney

Father Venard Poslusney (1 December 1917 – 15 December 2005) was a Roman Catholic figure and author who gained recognition through many conferences, lectures and seminars (some of which were with Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen in the 1970s). Poslusney was a "life-long" friend of John Haffert (co-founder of the Blue Army of Our Lady of Fatima) and played a significant role in the formation and daily operations of the Blue Army.

WFJS (AM)

WFJS (1260 AM, "Domestic Church Radio") is a radio station broadcasting a religious format to the Trenton, New Jersey, United States area. The station is owned by the Domestic Church Media Foundation, a Catholic-based organisation based in Trenton, New Jersey. WFJS is also heard on 89.3 WFJS-FM in Freehold, New Jersey.

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