Fukuoka Prefecture

Fukuoka Prefecture (Japanese: 福岡県 Hepburn: Fukuoka-ken) is a prefecture of Japan on Kyūshū Island.[1] The capital is the city of Fukuoka.[2] As of 2018, it is the ninth most populated prefecture in Japan.[3]

Fukuoka Prefecture

Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese福岡県
 • RōmajiFukuoka-ken
Flag of Fukuoka Prefecture

Official logo of Fukuoka Prefecture

Location of Fukuoka Prefecture
Coordinates: 33°36′N 130°35′E / 33.600°N 130.583°ECoordinates: 33°36′N 130°35′E / 33.600°N 130.583°E
CapitalFukuoka City
SubdivisionsDistricts: 12, Municipalities: 60
 • GovernorHiroshi Ogawa (since April 2011)
 • Total4,986.52 km2 (1,925.31 sq mi)
Area rank29th
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total5,109,323
 • Rank9th
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-40
BirdJapanese bush warbler (Cettia diphone)
FlowerUme blossom (Prunus mume)
TreeAzalea (Rhododendron tsutsusi)


Fukuoka Prefecture includes the former provinces of Chikugo, Chikuzen, and Buzen.[4]

Shrines and temples

Kōra taisha, Sumiyoshi-jinja, and Hakozaki-gū are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.[5]


Map of Fukuoka Prefecture Ja
Map of Fukuoka Prefecture.      Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village

Fukuoka Prefecture faces the sea on three sides, bordering Saga, Ōita, and Kumamoto prefectures and facing Yamaguchi Prefecture across the Kanmon Straits.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

As of 1 April 2012, 18% of the land area of the prefecture was designated as natural parks: Setonaikai National Park, Genkai, Kitakyūshū, and Yaba-Hita-Hikosan quasi-national parks, and Chikugogawa, Chikuhō, Dazaifu, Sefuri Raizan, and Yabegawa Prefectural Natural Parks.[7]

Fukuoka includes the two largest cities on Kyūshū, Fukuoka and Kitakyushu, and much of Kyūshū's industry. It also includes a number of small islands near the north coast of Kyūshū.


Twenty-nine cities are in Fukuoka Prefecture:

Fukuoka City from Fukuoka Tower 2

Fukuoka City

Cityscape of Tobata,Kitakyushu

Tobata, Kitakyushu

View of Kurume City


Omuta and unzen


Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:



Fukuoka prefecture's main cities form one of Japan's main industrial centers, accounting for nearly 40% of the economy of Kyūshū. Major industries include automobiles, semiconductors, and steel. Fukuoka prefecture is where tire manufacturer Bridgestone[8] and consumer electronics chain Best Denki were founded.


One of Japan's top 5 universities, Kyushu University, is located in Fukuoka.

Institution Location
Fukuoka University Fukuoka
Kurume University Kurume
Kyushu Institute of Technology Kitakyūshū and Iizuka
Kyushu University Fukuoka and Kasuga
Seinan Gakuin University Fukuoka
Kyushu Institute of Information Sciences Dazaifu
Kyushu Sangyo University Fukuoka
Fukuoka Women's University Fukuoka
Fukuoka University of Education Munakata


According to October 2018 estimates, the population in Fukuoka Prefecture reached 5,111,494 inhabitants, making the prefecture the 9th most populated of Japan's 47 prefectures. It is one of the few prefectures with a steadily increasing population.


Fukuoka City Museum 2018
Fukuoka City Museum
Fukuoka Asian Art Museum 20170623
Fukuoka Asian Art Museum
Bulwarks against Mongol Invasion video
  • Fukuoka Art Museum – In Ohori Park; contains a wide selection of contemporary and other art from around the world
  • Fukuoka Asian Art Museum – contains art from Asia
  • Fukuoka City Museum – displays a broad range of items from the region's history, including a spectacular gold seal
  • Genko Historical Museum (元寇史料館; Museum of the Mongol Invasion) in Higashi Koen (East Park) displays Japanese and Mongolian arms and armor from the 13th century as well as paintings on historical subjects; open on weekends
  • Hakata Machiya Folk Museum – Dedicated to displaying the traditional ways of life, speech, and culture of the Fukuoka region
  • Fukuoka Castle – a castle in Chūō-ku, Fukuoka
  • Hakata Gion Yamakasa – Japanese festival celebrated 1–15 July
  • Ōhori Park – a registered Place of Scenic Beauty
  • Kyushu National Museum – The collections cover the history of Kyūshū from prehistory to the Meiji era with particular emphasis on the rich history of cultural exchange between Kyūshū and neighboring China and Korea
  • HKT48 Theater – where the idol group HKT48 performs every day
  • LinQ – the Kyushu idol group meaning "Love in Kyushu", local theater where the LinQ performs weekly on Saturday and Sunday in Tenjin Best Hall
  • Bairin-jiRinzai temple and garden in Kurume

Major events and festivals

  • Hakata Dontaku Harbour Festival, Tenjin, Fukuoka on May 3 and 4
  • Hakata Gion Yamagasa, Kushida Shrine, Fukuoka in July
  • Kokura Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu in July
  • Tobata Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu in July
  • Kurosaki Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu in July
  • Kitahara Hakushu Festival, Yanagawa on November 1 to 3


Level5 Stadium 03
Level5 Stadium, home of Avispa Fukuoka
Fukuoka Dome 2008-1
Fukuoka Yahuoku Dome, home of the Softbank Hawks

The sports teams listed below are based in Fukuoka.

Football (soccer)
Mikuni World stadium2
Mikuni World Stadium, home of Giravanz Kitakyushu

The prefecture has two significant annual athletics events: the Fukuoka International Cross Country and the Fukuoka International Open Marathon Championship. The marathon has been held in Fukuoka since 1959 and has seen world records broken.[9]

Crime and safety

Fukuoka Prefecture has the most designated yakuza groups among all of the prefectures, at five: the Kudo-kai, the Taishu-kai, the Fukuhaku-kai, the Dojin-kai and the Kyushu Seido-kai.[10] Between 2004 and 2009, and in early 2011,[11] Fukuoka Prefecture led the nation in gun-related incidents.[12] These incidents were mostly related to the local yakuza syndicates, specifically the Kudo-kai, the Dojin-kai, and the Kyushu Seido-kai.[11]

Fukuoka Prefecture had the highest frequency of youth crime among the prefectures of Japan from 2003 to 2007.[13]

According to statistics from the national police, the crime rate in Fukuoka was the eighth-highest in 2017, lower than in Osaka, Tokyo, Hyogo, Aichi, Saitama, Chiba and Ibaraki.[14]


Beach of Seaside Momochi Seaside Park 3
Fukuoka Tower from Seaside Momochi
Riverwalk Kitakyushu 20130721
Riverwalk Kitakyushu
Fukuoka Yanagawa03bs3200
A sightseeing boat in Yanagawa Canal

The most popular place for tourism is Fukuoka City, especially during the Dontaku festival, which attracts millions of visitors from across Japan during Golden Week.[15] Fukuoka is the main shopping, dining, transportation and entertainment hub in Kyushu.

Dazaifu is popular for its many temples and historical sites, as well as the Kyushu National Museum.

Yanagawa is sometimes called "the Venice of Japan" for its boat tours on the abundant, calm rivers that wind through the city.[16]

Kitakyushu features one of the famous night views of Japan from atop Mt. Sarakura, accessible via cablecar. The Mojiko area features waterfront dining, a market, and several preserved historical buildings. The Kanmon Kaikyo Tunnel which connects Kyushu (Moji ward, Kitakyushu) and Honshu (Shimonoseki) is free to walk through. The city center in Kokurakita ward contains the Riverwalk and Itsutsuya shopping complexes, Kokura castle, and the Uomachi Gintengai shopping arcade, the oldest shopping arcade in Japan.[17]




Sister regions


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fukuoka-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 218, p. 218, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Fukuoka" in p. 218, p. 218, at Google Books.
  3. ^ "都道府県 人口ランキング". Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  5. ^ "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3 Archived May 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-10-26.
  6. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  7. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  8. ^ "Bridgestone Holds the Opening Ceremony for its Kitakyushu Plant". Bridgestone. August 4, 2009.
  9. ^ Nakamura, Ken. Marathon - A history of the Fukuoka International Marathon Championships by K. Ken Nakamura - Part 1 1947-1966. IAAF. Retrieved on 2010-02-28.
  10. ^ "Retrospection and Outlook of Crime Measure", p.15 Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, Masahiro Tamura, 2009, National Police Agency (in Japanese)
  11. ^ a b "Gunfire, The worst in the nation, None has been solved" Archived 2012-09-05 at Archive.today, 23 June 2011, Nishinippon Shimbun (in Japanese)
  12. ^ "Fukuoka yakuza groups tackle police pressure in all-out war", 4 May 2010, The Tokyo Reporter, from Friday May 14, p.22-23 (in Japanese)
  13. ^ 非行防げ、捜査員奮闘…少年犯罪全国ワースト1の福岡 Archived 2009-02-12 at the Wayback Machine, Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese)
  14. ^ "「犯罪の県民性」大阪が全国ワースト、殺人1位、すり2位". Diamond Online. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  15. ^ "Hakata Dontaku Festival". Japan National Tourism Organization. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  16. ^ "水の国 柳川". 筑後七国よかとこ巡り旅. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  17. ^ "Uomachi-gintengai Street". Kitakyushu City Travel Guide. Retrieved November 27, 2018.


External links

Ashiya Air Field

Ashiya Air Field (芦屋飛行場, Ashiya Hikōjō) (ICAO: RJFA) is a military airdrome of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force Ashiya Airbase (芦屋基地, Ashiya Kitchi). It is located 0.5 NM (0.93 km; 0.58 mi) north of Ashiya in the Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.

Chidori Station

Chidori Station (千鳥駅, Chidori-eki) is a train station on the Kagoshima Main Line operated by JR Kyushu located in Koga, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.

Dazaifu Tenmangū

Dazaifu Tenman-gū (太宰府天満宮) is a Shinto shrine in Dazaifu, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. It is built over the grave of Sugawara no Michizane (845–903) and is one of the main shrines dedicated to Tenjin, the deified form of Michizane.

Hama-Kokura Freight Terminal

Hama-Kokura Freight Terminal (浜小倉駅, Hamakokura-eki) is a freight terminal on the Kagoshima Main Line in Kokura Kita-ku, Kitakyūshū, Japan, operated by Japan Freight Railway Company (JR Freight). Presently the terminal handles no scheduled trains.

Kanda Station (Fukuoka)

Kanda Station (苅田駅, Kanda-eki) is a railway station on the Nippō Main Line operated by Kyushu Railway Company in Kanda, Fukuoka, Japan.

Kitakyushu Monorail

The Kitakyushu Monorail (北九州モノレール, Kitakyūshū monorēru) is a monorail system in the city of Kitakyushu in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, operated by Kitakyushu Urban Monorail Co. Ltd. (北九州高速鉄道株式会社, Kitakyūshū Kōsoku Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha, literally "Kitakyūshū Rapid Transit Co. Ltd.").

The Kokura Line (小倉線, Kokura-sen) is the only line. It runs the 8.8 km (5.5 mi) between Kokura station and Kikugaoka station in Kokura Minami ward in about 18 minutes. It was opened on January 9, 1985, between the station now called Heiwadori and Kikugaoka, and extended about 300 metres (1000 ft) to Kokura station from Heiwadori on April 1, 1998.

The monorail is owned by the city of Kitakyushu, and did not begin to make a profit until the extension to Kokura station was completed. This had been resisted by the businesses in Uomachi shopping district who feared they would lose customers, but that did not happen.

Once a year, there are beer parties and wine parties held on the monorail, bookings made in advance. Santa Claus boards the train on December 24.

Kokura Airport

Kokura Airport (小倉空港, Kokura Kūkō), previously called Kitakyūshū Airport (北九州空港, Kitakyūshū Kūkō) until 2005, was a small airport in Kokura Minami-ku, Kitakyūshū, Japan. There used to be four flights to and from Tokyo International Airport (Haneda) every day. The runway was 1,600 m (5,249 ft) long, so large jets could not use it. It is now commonly referred to as Kokura, its location, to distinguish it from the New Kitakyushu Airport (renamed Kitakyushu Airport in 2008), an offshore airport built on a man-made island in Suo nada, the most westerly part of the Seto Inland Sea. The new airport opened in March 2006, taking over the old airport codes (IATA: KKJ, ICAO: RJFR).

As of 2013, the former airport is one of the potential sites for new JASDF facilities as part of an ongoing defense buildup.

Kurosaki Station

Kurosaki Station (黒崎駅) is a station in Yahata Nishi-ku, Kitakyushu serving Kagoshima Main Line, Fukuhoku Yutaka Line and Chikuhō Electric Railroad Line. It was first opened in 1891. Express trains, including the Sonic, stop here.

Kurume Station

Kurume Station (久留米駅, Kurume-eki) is a railway station in Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan, operated by the Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu).

Kyūsandaimae Station

Kyūsandaimae Station (九産大前駅, Kyūsandaimae-eki) is a railway station on the Kagoshima Main Line operated by JR Kyushu in Higashi-ku, Fukuoka City, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. The name of the station was officially announced by JR Kyushu on September 24, 2008. It is the nearest station of Kyushu Sangyo University. The station name means, literally, "in front of Kyushu Sagyo University".

Minami-Kokura Station

Minami-Kokura Station (南小倉駅, Minami-kokura-eki) is a railway station on the Nippō Main Line operated by Kyūshū Railway Company in Kokura Kita-ku, Kitakyūshū, Japan. It is famous for a pornographic film which was recorded on the station platform and led to prosecutions and arrests.

Minami-Setaka Station

Minami Setaka Station (南瀬高駅, Minami Setaka-eki) is a railway station on the Kagoshima Main Line, operated by JR Kyushu in Miyama, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.

Nishi-Kokura Station

Nishi-Kokura Station (西小倉駅, Nishi-Kokura-eki) is a railway station on the Kagoshima Main Line and Nippō Main Line operated by Kyūshū Railway Company in Kokura Kita-ku, Kitakyūshū, Japan.

Rizing Zephyr Fukuoka

The Rizing Zephyr Fukuoka are a Japanese basketball team, playing in the second division of the B.League. They are based in Fukuoka Prefecture and were coached by Joe Bryant, the father of Kobe Bryant in 2015.

Sasabaru Station

Sasabaru Station (笹原駅, Sasabaru-eki) is a railway station on the Kagoshima Main Line, operated by JR Kyushu in Minami-ku, Fukuoka City, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.

Shiida Station

Shiida Station (椎田駅, Shiida-eki) is a railway station on the Nippō Main Line operated by Kyūshū Railway Company in Chikujō, Fukuoka, Japan.

Shindembaru Station

Shindembaru Station (新田原駅, Shindenbaru-eki) is a railway station on the Nippō Main Line operated by Kyūshū Railway Company in Yukuhashi, Fukuoka, Japan.

Tsuiki Air Field

Tsuiki Air Field (築城飛行場, Tsuiki Hikōjō) (ICAO: RJFZ) is a military aerodrome of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force Tsuiki Airbase (築城基地, Tsuiki Kichi). It is located in Tsuiki, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.

Yukuhashi Station

Yukuhashi Station (行橋駅, Yukuhashi-eki) is a railway station on the Nippō Main Line in Yukuhashi, Fukuoka, Japan, operated jointly by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu) and the third-sector railway operator Heisei Chikuho Railway.

Shadow picture of Fukuoka PrefectureFukuoka Prefecture
Wards of Fukuoka
Wards of Kitakyushu
Core city
47 Prefectures


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