Fukui Prefecture

Fukui Prefecture (福井県 Fukui-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region on Honshū island.[1] The capital is the city of Fukui.[2]

Fukui Prefecture

福井県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese福井県
 • RōmajiFukui-ken
Flag of Fukui Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Fukui Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Fukui Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Hokuriku)
IslandHonshū
CapitalFukui
SubdivisionsDistricts: 7, Municipalities: 17
Government
 • GovernorIssei Nishikawa
Area
 • Total4,190.49 km2 (1,617.96 sq mi)
Area rank34th
Population
 (June 1, 2017)
 • Total778,943
 • Rank43rd
 • Density185.95/km2 (481.6/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-18
Websitewww.pref.fukui.jp/english/
Symbols
BirdDusky thrush (Turdus naumanni)
FlowerNarcissus (Narcissus tazetta)
TreePine tree (Pinus)

Prehistory

The Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry, on the Sugiyama River within the city limits of Katsuyama, has yielded animals such As Fukuiraptor, Fukuisaurus, Nipponosaurus, Koshisaurus, Fukuivenator, Fukuititan and Tambatitanis as well as an unnamed dromaeosaurid.

History

Fukui originally consisted of the old provinces of Wakasa and Echizen, before the prefecture was formed in 1871.[3]

During the Edo period, the daimyō of the region was surnamed Matsudaira, and was a descendant of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

During World War II, the city was heavily bombed and its palace, surrounded by a moat, was demolished. The Fukui Prefectural government buildings were built on the site.

Geography

Map of Fukui Prefecture Ja
Current map of Fukui Prefecture
     City      Town
Row of sakura, Asuwa River, Fukui
Row of sakura, Asuwa River, Fukui, Fukui
Fukui city aerial 03
Fukui City
Katsuyama basin
Katsuyama

Fukui faces the Sea of Japan, and has a western part (formerly Wakasa) which is a narrow plain between the mountains and the sea, and a larger eastern part (formerly Echizen) with wider plains including the capital and most of the population. The province lays within Japan's "Snow country".

As of 31 March 2008, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park; Echizen-Kaga Kaigan and Wakasa Wan Quasi-National Parks; and Okuetsu Kōgen Prefectural Natural Park.[4]

Cities

Nine cities are located in Fukui Prefecture:

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers

Economy

  • Sabae is known for producing 90% of Japan's domestically-made glasses.
  • There are several nuclear power plants located along Wakasa Bay in Tsuruga which supply power to the Keihanshin metropolitan region. It has 14 reactors, the most of any prefecture.[5]

Demographics

Fukui is one of the less populated prefectures of Japan; in September 2015 there were an estimated 785,508 people living in 281,394 households.[6] As seen in most of Japan, Fukui is facing the problem of both an aging and decreasing population; 28.6% of the population were over the age of 65 in July 2015[6] and the population has decreased 2.6% from the 806,000 measured in the October 2010 national census.[7]

Culture

  • Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins is one of the most important cultural heritage sites in Japan.
  • Eihei-ji is a serene temple offering training and education to Buddhist monks. Founded by Dogen Zenji in 1244, Eiheiji is located on a plot of land covering about 33 hectares.
  • Myōtsū-ji's Three-storied Pagoda and Main Hall are National Treasures of Japan.
  • Fukui is home to Maruoka Castle, the oldest standing castle in Japan. It was built in 1576.
  • Many dinosaur fossils have been excavated in Fukui and they can be seen at the Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum.
  • Residents of Fukui Prefecture have a distinctive accent, Fukui-ben.
  • Fukui has long been a center for papermaking in Japan (along with Kyoto). Its Echizen Papermaking Cooperative is a world-famous collection of papermakers making paper in the traditional Echizen style.
  • Fukui is also renowned for its clean water and crops, which result in delicious sake, rice, and soba noodles.
  • In August 2010 Fukui launched its own dating website entitled Fukui Marriage-Hunting Café in hopes of helping the declining population growth of Japan increase. Couples who meet in the site and continue on to marry receive monetary aid from the government as well as gifts.[8]

Friendship cities

Education

University

Transportation

Railroad

Road

Expressway and Toll Road

  • Hokuriku Expressway
  • Maizuru-Wakasa Expressway
  • Chubu Jukan Expressway
  • Mikata Lake Rainbow Road
  • Mount Hoonji Toll Road

National Highway

  • Route 8
  • Route 27
  • Route 157
  • Route 158
  • Route 161
  • Route 162
  • Route 303
  • Route 305
  • Route 364
  • Route 365
  • Route 367
  • Route 416
  • Route 417
  • Route 418
  • Route 476

Port

Tsuruga port10s3872
Tsuruga Port

Tourism

  • Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins
  • Eihei-ji Temple
  • Tōjinbō, a scenic piece of coastline, which is also a notorious spot for suicide.
  • Echizen crabs are a local delicacy available year-round, though the crabbing season is during the winter.
  • Another traditional sea-side Fukui dish is genge, a small guppy-like fish that when eaten raw as sashimi, gives the body a brief tingling sensation.
  • Awara is a famous onsen in the north of the prefecture.

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fukui-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 217, p. 217, at Google Books; "Chūbu" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Fukui" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 217, p. 217, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  5. ^ Fujioka, Chisa. "Japan anti-nuclear movement gains traction as crisis drags on". Reuters. 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
  6. ^ a b "福井県の推計人口" [Fukui Prefecture Population Estimate] (in Japanese). Fukui Prefectural Government. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  7. ^ "第2章 人口の地域分布" [Regional distribution of population] (PDF) (in Japanese). Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  8. ^ Ansari, Aziz; Klinenberg, Eric. Modern Romance. p. 155. ISBN 1594206279.

References

External links

Coordinates: 35°59′N 136°11′E / 35.983°N 136.183°E

Chūbu-Jūkan Expressway

The Chūbu-Jūkan Expressway (中部縦貫自動車道, Chūbu-Jūkan Jidōsha-dō) is an incomplete national expressway in Nagano Prefecture, Gifu Prefecture, and Fukui Prefecture. It is owned and operated primarily by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), but also has sections maintained and tolled by the Central Nippon Expressway Company in Nagano and Gifu. The route is signed E67 under MLIT's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

Echizen Province

Echizen Province (越前国, Echizen-no-kuni) was a province of Japan in the area that is today the northern portion of Fukui Prefecture in the Hokuriku region of Japan. Echizen bordered on Kaga, Wakasa, Hida, and Ōmi Provinces. It was part of Hokurikudō Circuit. Its abbreviated form name was ' (Esshū, 越州).

Echizen ware

Echizen ware (越前焼, Echizen-yaki) is a type of Japanese pottery traditionally produced in Echizen, Odacho and Miyazaki Fukui Prefecture.It is considered one of the Six Ancient Kilns of Japan.The Echizen Pottery Village showcases a wide variety of this pottery style.

Eiheiji, Fukui

Eiheiji (永平寺町, Eiheiji-chō) is a city located in Fukui Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2018, the town had an estimated population of 18,746 in 6,262 households and the population density of 200 persons per km². The total area of the town was 94.43 square kilometres (36.46 sq mi). The town is named for the famous temple of Eihei-ji.

Fukui (city)

Fukui (福井市, Fukui-shi) is the capital city of Fukui Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2018, the city had an estimated population of 264,217, and a population density of 69.2 persons per km², in 102,935 households. Its total area is 536.41 square kilometres (207.11 sq mi). Most of the population lives in a small central area; the city limits include rural plains, mountainous areas, and suburban sprawl along the Route 8 bypass.

Fukui Airport

Fukui Airport (福井空港, Fukui Kūkō) (IATA: FKJ, ICAO: RJNF) is a public aerodrome located 5.0 NM (9.3 km; 5.8 mi) north of Fukui Station in the city of Sakai, Fukui Prefecture, Japan. It is also referred to as Harue Airport (春江空港, Harue Kūkō) from its location in former Harue town.

Fukui Broadcasting

Fukui Broadcasting Corporation (福井放送株式会社, Fukui Hōsō Kabushikigaisha, FBC) is a TV station, established 1 June 1960, affiliated with Nippon News Network (NNN), Nippon Television Network System (NNS) and All-Nippon News Network (ANN) in Fukui, Fukui. It is broadcast in Fukui Prefecture.

Fukui Station (Fukui)

Fukui Station (福井駅, Fukui-eki) is a railway station in Fukui, Fukui, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) and the private railway operator Echizen Railway.

Kazuhiko Masada

Kazuhiko Masada (正田 和彦, Masada Kazuhiko) (born May 23, 1975) is a Japanese professional wrestler, mostly known for his ring name Mazada (written in all capitals). He is one of the founding members of the renowned stable Tokyo Gurentai along with Nosawa Rongai and Kikuzawa.

Kita River

The Kita River is a river in Shiga Prefecture and Fukui Prefecture Japan.

Kuzuryū River

The Kuzuryū River (九頭竜川, Kuzuryū-gawa) is a river flowing through Fukui Prefecture, Japan. It has its source at the Aburasaka Pass (油坂峠 Aburasaka-tōge) in the city of Ōno and empties into the Sea of Japan near the city of Sakai.

Maruoka Castle

Maruoka Castle (丸岡城, Maruoka-jō) is a hirayama-style Japanese castle located in the Maruoka neighbourhood of the city of Sakai, Fukui Prefecture, in the Hokuriku region of Japan. It also called Kasumi-ga-jō (霞ヶ城, Mist Castle) due to the legend that whenever an enemy approaches the castle, a thick mist appears and hides it. Built at the end of the Sengoku period, the castle occupied by a succession of daimyō of Maruoka Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate, the site is now a public park noted for its sakura.

Mount Haku

Mount Haku (白山, Haku-san, "White Mountain"), or Mount Hakusan (commonly referred to as simply Hakusan), is a dormant volcano. The stratovolcano is located on the borders of Gifu and Ishikawa (which are in Honshu) prefectures in Japan. It is thought to have first been active 300,000 to 400,000 years ago, with the most recent eruption occurring in 1659. Along with Mount Tate and Mount Fuji, it is one of Japan's "Three Holy Mountains" (三霊山, Sanreizan).

Orion Electric

Orion Electric Co., Ltd. (オリオン電機株式会社, Orion Denki Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese consumer electronics company which was established in 1958 at Osaka, Japan. It is based in the city of Echizen, Fukui Prefecture, Japan. Original products manufactured were transistor radios, radio cassette recorders, car stereos, and music centers. One of the world's largest OEM television and video manufacturers that mostly supply to major-brand OEM customers today, Orion produces six million televisions and twelve million DVD players and TV combo units each year. Most products are usually manufactured in the factories of Thailand.

The Orion Group employs in excess of 9,000 workers. It has factories and offices in Japan, Thailand, Poland, United Kingdom, and United States. Orion's flagship factories in Thailand are one of the top exporters in that country, and they have been recognized with an award from the Thai Government for their contribution.Orion manufactures products for eleven of the world's top electronic brands worldwide. Its primary, previous, long-time brands were produced within Memorex, Otake, Orion, and Sansui. For the North American market, Orion used to manufacture many televisions and VCRs for Emerson Radio during the 1980s and 1990s for 10 years, but Emerson Radio went bankrupt, and it was brought up by Funai in 2000, which Funai still owns today. During the 1990s, Orion was the exclusive supplier for Wal-Mart of discounted televisions, combos, and VHS VCRs under Orion and World brand names. In 2001, Orion teamed up with Toshiba for manufacturing smaller CRT/LCD televisions and DVD/VCR combos for the North American market for eight years until 2009. In 2011, Orion licensed the JVC name for televisions, and all JVC televisions are now designed, produced, and supported by Orion. Currently, Orion manufactures LCD/LED televisions and combo TVs for Hitachi and JVC, based on each company's OEM orders. Most units are being sold at Wal-Mart and Sam's Club stores. Orion also operates Orion Sales, headquartered in Olney, Illinois, for the North American market, under its private-owned Sansui brand and, recently licensed, JVC television brand.

Orion Sales ceased to exist today and was sold to Elitelux Technologies in 2016.

Sabae, Fukui

Sabae (鯖江市, Sabae-shi) is a city located in Fukui Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2018, the city had an estimated population of 69,338 in 24,167 households and the population density of 820 persons per km². The total area of the city was 84.59 square kilometres (32.66 sq mi).

Sakai, Fukui

Sakai (坂井市, Sakai-shi) is a city located in Fukui Prefecture, Japan. As of 10 May 2018, the city had an estimated population of 92,210 in 31,509 households and the population density of 550 persons per km². The total area of the city was 209.67 square kilometres (80.95 sq mi).

Wakasa Province

Wakasa Province (若狭国, Wakasa-no-kuni) was a province of Japan in the area that is today the southwestern portion of Fukui Prefecture in the Hokuriku region of Japan. Wakasa bordered on Echizen, Ōmi, Tanba, Tango, and Yamashiro Provinces. It was part of Hokurikudō Circuit. Its abbreviated form name was Jakushū (若州). Under the Engishiki classification system, Wakasa was ranked as a "medium country" (中国) and a near country (近国) in terms of its importance and distance from the capital.

Ōno, Fukui

Ōno (おおのし, Ōno-shi) is a city located in Fukui Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2018, the city had an estimated population of 33,640 in 11,747 households and the population density of 39 persons per km². The total area of the city was 872.43 square kilometres (336.85 sq mi). The town is encircled by a ring of mountains and the only way in or out is via tunnels or mountain roads.

Ōno Castle (Echizen Province)

Ōno Castle (大野城, Ōno-jō) was a Japanese castle located in the city of Ōno Fukui Prefecture, in the Hokuriku region of Japan. Built in the Sengoku period, it was occupied by a succession of daimyō of Ōno Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate.

Shadow picture of Fukui PrefectureFukui Prefecture
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