Fujiwara no Yorimichi

Fujiwara no Yorimichi (藤原 頼通) (992–1071), son of Michinaga, was a Japanese Court noble. He succeeded his father to the position of Sesshō in 1017, and then went on to become Kampaku from 1020 until 1068. In both these positions, he acted as Regent to the Emperor, as many of his ancestors and descendants did; the Fujiwara clan had nearly exclusive control over the regency positions for over 200 years. Prior to succeeding to the position of Regent, Yorimichi had held the title of Nidaijin, the lowest level of state ministers. By edict, he was raised above his colleagues, to the title of Ichi no Hito, or First Subject. In addition to the reason of direct succession from his father, this edict was presumably necessary to allow Yorimichi to become Sesshō.

Byodoin Phoenix Hall Uji 10-2R
Byodoin phoenix hall

He is also known as the founder of Byodoin phoenix hall, located in Uji.

Marriages and children

  • Princess Takahime, daughter of Imperial Prince Tomohira (son of Emperor Murakami) and Princess Nakahime; married 1009; no children, but they adopted 2 daughters:
  • A daughter of Minamoto no Norisada (a grandson of Emperor Murakami):
    • Fujiwara no Michifusa (1024–1044)
  • Fujiwara no Gishi (Masako), (died 1053) daughter of Fujiwara no Yorinari (a son of Imperial Prince Tomohira and Princess Nakahime, adopted by Fujiwara no Koresuke) and a daughter of Fujiwara no Korenori; she was then a niece of Princess Takahime:
    • Priest Kakuen (1031–1098)
    • Fujiwara no Kanshi (Hiroko), (1036–1121); adopted by Princess Takahime; Empress of Emperor Go-Reizei
    • Fujiwara no Morozane (1042–1101)
    • Fujiwara no Tadatsuna (died 1084)

References

  • Sansom, George (1958). A History of Japan to 1334. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
  • Varley, Paul (2000). Japanese Culture. Fourth Edition. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai'i Press.
  • Brown, Delmer Myers (tr), and Ichirō Ishida (tr) (1979). The future and the past: a translation and study of the Gukanshō: University of California Press.
1052

Year 1052 (MLII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

1071

Year 1071 (MLXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

992

Year 992 (CMXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Borrowed scenery

Borrowed scenery (借景; Japanese: shakkei; Chinese: jièjǐng) is the principle of "incorporating background landscape into the composition of a garden" found in traditional East Asian garden design. The term borrowing of scenery ("shakkei") is Chinese in origin, and appears in the 17th century garden treatise Yuanye.

Byōdō-in

For the Arena in Debrecen, Hungary see Fonix Hall.

For the replica temple in Hawaii, see Byodo-In Temple.Byōdō-in (平等院) is a Buddhist temple in the city of Uji in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan, built in late Heian period. It is jointly a temple of the Jōdo-shū (Pure Land) and Tendai-shū sects.

Fujiwara no Genshi

Fujiwara no Genshi (藤原 嫄子, August 24, 1016 – September 19, 1039), born Princess Genshi (嫄子女王), was an empress consort (chūgū) of Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan. She was the adopted daughter of Fujiwara no Yorimichi, and biological daughter of Imperial Prince Atsuyasu (敦康親王).

Fujiwara no Hiroko

Fujiwara no Hiroko (藤原寛子, 1036–1127), also known as Shijō no Miya (四条宮), was an empress consort of Emperor Go-Reizei. She was the eldest daughter of Fujiwara no Yorimichi and Fujiwara no Gishi. Fujiwara no Morozane was her brother by the same mother.

Fujiwara no Kanshi

Fujiwara no Kanshi (藤原歓子, 1021–1102), also known as Ono no Kōtaigō (小野皇太后) was an empress consort of Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan.

Fujiwara no Morozane

Fujiwara no Morozane (Japanese language: 藤原 師実 ふじわらの もろざね) (1042 – March 14, 1101) was a regent of Japan and a chief of the Fujiwara clan during the late Heian period. He was known as Kyōgoku dono (Lord Kyōgoku) or Go-Uji dono (the Later Lord Uji, 後宇治殿). He held the positions of sessho or kanpaku for a twenty-year period, sessho from 1075 to 1086 during the reign of Emperor Shirakawa and from 1094 to 1099 during the reign of Emperor Horikawa, and kampaku from 1086 to 1094 during the reign of Emperor Horikawa.

He was the son of Fujiwara no Yorimichi and Fujiwara no Gishi (藤原 祇子, her real name is unknown today), a daughter of Fujiwara no Tanenari (藤原 種成), hence the grandson of Fujiwara no Michinaga. A contemporary document suggested he was the third born son, but this is uncertain. He was appointed to the positions of sadaijin, sessho and kampaku. He made his adopted daughter Kenshi (賢子) a consort of Emperor Shirakawa. Kenshi died when she was very young, but she left a son who would later ascend to the throne as Emperor Horikawa.

Emperor Shirakawa seized political power and Morozane was unable to enjoy the monopolic power that his father and grandfather had enjoyed. Even after Emperor Horikawa reached adulthood, the cloistered Emperor Shirakawa seized power.

Morozane married Fujiwara no Reishi, who was a daughter of Minamoto no Morofusa, a grandson of Emperor Murakami, and later adopted by Fujiwara no Nobuie. Morozane had many sons and daughters, including Fujiwara no Moromichi and Fujiwara no Ietada. From Morozane, two kuge families derive, the Kazanin family and the Oimikado (Oinomikado) family.

Morozane is also known the author of the waka collection Kyōgoku Kanpakushū (Anthology of Kyōgoku Kanpaku) and the diary Kyōgoku Kanpaku-ki (Diary of Kyōgoku Kanpaku).

Fujiwara no Norimichi

Fujiwara no Norimichi (藤原 教通, July 29, 996 – November 6, 1075), fifth son of Michinaga, was a kugyo of the Heian period. His mother was Minamoto no Rinshi (源 倫子), daughter of Minamoto no Masanobu. Regent Yorimichi, Empress Shōshi (consort of Emperor Ichijō), Empress Kenshi (consort of Emperor Sanjō) were his brother and sisters from the same mother. In 1068, the year when his daughter married Emperor Go-Reizei, he took the position of Kampaku, regent. He, however, lost the power when Emperor Go-Sanjo, who was not a relative of the Fujiwara clan, assumed the throne. This contributed to the later decline of the Fujiwara clan.

Jōchō

Jōchō (定朝; died 1057 AD), also known as Jōchō Busshi, was a Japanese sculptor of the Heian period. He popularized the yosegi technique of sculpting a single figure out of many pieces of wood, and he redefined the canon used to create Buddhist imagery. His style spread across Japan and defined Japanese sculpture for the next 150 years. Today, art historians cite Jōchō as "the first of a new kind of master sculptor" and "one of the most innovative artists Japan has ever produced."

List of state leaders in 1040

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1040.

List of state leaders in 1060

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1060.

List of state leaders in 1066

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1066.

List of state leaders in 1067

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1067.

List of state leaders in 1068

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1068.

Princess Teishi

Princess Teishi (禎子内親王, Teishi Naishinnō, August 15, 1013 – February 3, 1094), also known as Yōmeimon-in (陽明門院), was an empress consort of Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan. She was the second cousin of her husband.

Sesshō and Kampaku

In Japan, Sesshō (摂政) was a title given to a regent who was named to act on behalf of either a child Emperor before his coming of age, or an empress regnant. The Kanpaku (関白) was theoretically a sort of chief advisor for the Emperor, but was the title of both first secretary and regent who assists an adult Emperor. During a certain period in the Heian period, they were the effective rulers of Japan. There was little, if any, effective difference between the two titles, and several individuals merely changed titles as child Emperors grew to adulthood, or adult Emperors retired or died and were replaced by child Emperors. The two titles were collectively known as Sekkan (摂関), and the families that exclusively held the titles were called Sekkan-ke or Sekkan family. After the Heian period, shogunates took over the power.

Both sesshō and kanpaku were styled as denka (or tenga in historical pronunciation; 殿下; translated as "(Imperial) Highness"), as were Imperial princes and princesses.

A retired kanpaku is called Taikō (太閤), which came to commonly refer to Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

Shimazu Estate

The Shimazu Estate (島津荘, Shimazu no shō) was a shōen (estate or manor) in southern Kyushu of Japan. It was the largest shōen of medieval Japan. The Shimazu clan was named after this estate as the clan succeeded the position of jitō (land steward).

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