Fujiwara no Michitaka

Fujiwara no Michitaka (藤原 道隆, 953 – May 16, 995), the first son of Kaneie, was a Kugyō (Japanese noble) of the Heian period. He served as regent (Sesshō) for the Emperor Ichijō, and later as Kampaku. Ichijō married Michitaka's daughter Teishi (Sadako), thus continuing the close ties between the Imperial family and the Fujiwara.

Michitaka is sometimes referred to as Nijō Kampaku (二条関白) or Naka-no-Kampaku (中関白).

Career

  • Kanna 2 (986): Chūnagon (中納言)
  • Kanna 2 (986): Gon-no-Dainagon (権大納言)
  • Eien 3, on the 23rd day of the 2nd month (989): Naidaijin (内大臣)
  • Shōryaku 1, on the 8th day of the 5th month (990): Kampaku (関白) for Emperor Ichijō
  • Shōryaku 1, on the 26th day of the 5th month (990): Sesshō (摂政) for Emperor Ichijō
  • Shōryaku 2, on the 23rd day of the 7th month (991): retire from Naidaijin
  • Shōryaku 4, on the 22nd day of the 4th month (993): Kampaku for the Emperor Ichijō
  • Chōtoku 1, on the 3rd day of the 4th month (995): retire from Kampaku
  • Chōtoku 1, in the 10th day of the 4th month (May 16, 995): Michitaka died at the age of 43.

Family

  • Father: Fujiwara no Kaneie (藤原兼家, 929–990)
  • Mother: Fujiwara no Tokihime (藤原時姫, ?–980), daughter of Fujiwara no Nakamasa (藤原中正)
    • Wife: Takashina no Takako (高階貴子, ?–996), daughter of Takashina no Naritada (高階成忠), called Kō-no-Naishi (高内侍) or Gidō-sanshi no Haha (儀同三司母).
      • 3rd son: Fujiwara no Korechika (藤原伊周, 974–1010)
      • 1st daughter: Fujiwara no Teishi (藤原定子, 977–1001), empress consort of Emperor Ichijō.
      • 4th son: Fujiwara no Takaie (藤原隆家, 979–1044)
      • 2nd daughter: Fujiwara no Genshi (Motoko) (藤原原子, 980?–1002), consort of Emperor Sanjō.
      • Son: Ryūen (隆円, 980-1015), Komatsu Sōzu, priest.
      • 3rd daughter: Fujiwara no Yoriko? (藤原頼子, ?-?), married to Prince Atsumichi (son of Emperor Reizei).
      • 4th daughter: name unknown, Mikushige-dono-no-bettō (御匣殿別当, 985?-1002), concubine of Emperor Ichijō.
    • Wife: daughter of Fujiwara no Morihito (藤原守仁の娘, ?-988)
      • 1st son: Fujiwara no Michiyori (藤原道頼, 971-995), adopted by his grandfather, Fujiwara no Kaneie.
    • Wife: daughter of Iyo-no-kami Tomotaka (伊予守奉孝の娘)
      • Son: Fujiwara no Chikaie (藤原周家, ?-1038)
      • Son: Fujiwara no Chikayori (藤原周頼, ?-1019)
    • Wife: daughter of Fujiwara no Kuninori (藤原国章の娘)
    • Wife: Tachibana no Kiyoko (橘清子, ?-?)
      • Son: Fujiwara no Yoshichika (藤原好親, ?-?)
    • Wife: unknown
      • 2nd son: Fujiwara no Yorichika (藤原頼親, 972-1010)
      • Daughter: wife of Taira no Shigeyoshi (平重義室)

References

  • Frederic, Louis (2002). "Japan Encyclopedia." Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
  • Papinot, Edmond (1910). Historical and geographical dictionary of Japan. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha.
  • Owada, T. et al. (2003). ‘’Nihonshi Shoka Keizu Jimmei Jiten’’. Kōdansya. (Japanese)
  • Kasai, M. (1991). ‘’Kugyō Bunin Nenpyō’’. Yamakawa Shuppan-sha. (Japanese)
  • Hioki, S. (1990). ‘’Nihon Keifu Sōran’’. Kōdansya. (Japanese)
953

Year 953 (CMLIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

995

Year 995 (CMXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Akazome Emon

Akazome Emon (赤染衛門, late 950s or early 960s – 1041 or later) was a Japanese waka poet and early historian who lived in the mid-Heian period. She is a member both of the Thirty Six Elder Poetic Sages (中古三十六歌仙, Chūko Sanjūrokkasen) and the Thirty Six Female Poetic Sages (女房三十六歌仙, Nyōbō Sanjūrokkasen).

Eiso

Eiso (永祚) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Eien and before Shōryaku. This period spanned the years from August 988 through November 990. The reigning emperor was Ichijō-tennō (一条天皇).

Emperor Ichijō

Emperor Ichijō (一条天皇, Ichijō-tennō, July 15, 980 – July 25, 1011) was the 66th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.Ichijō's reign spanned the years from 986 to 1011.

Empress Shōshi

Fujiwara no Shōshi (藤原彰子, 988 – October 25, 1074), also known as Jōtōmon-in (上東門院), the eldest daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga, was Empress of Japan from c. 1000 to c. 1011. Her father sent her to live in the Emperor Ichijō's harem at age 12. Because of his power, influence and political machinations she quickly achieved the status of second empress (中宮, Chūgū). As empress she was able to surround herself with a court of talented and educated ladies-in-waiting such as Murasaki Shikibu, author of The Tale of Genji.

By the age of 20, she bore two sons to Ichijō, both of whom went on to become emperors and secured the status of the Fujiwara line. In her late 30s she took vows as a Buddhist nun, renouncing imperial duties and titles, assuming the title of Imperial Lady. She continued to be an influential member of the imperial family until her death at age 86.

Fujiwara family tree

This is a genealogical tree of the leaders of the Fujiwara clan from 669 to 1871, who were otherwise known as the Tōshi no Chōja (藤氏長者).The title, Tōshi no Chōja, was abolished with Sesshō and Kampaku during the Meiji Restoration; the family leaders from five main branches of the clan, known as the Five regent houses, were then respectively granted with hereditary peerage titles (the kazoku) until the abolition of the nobility titles under the new constitution in 1946.

Fujiwara no Kaneie

Fujiwara no Kaneie (藤原 兼家, 929 – July 26, 990) was a Japanese statesman, courtier and politician during the Heian period.

Fujiwara no Michimasa

Fujiwara no Michimasa (藤原 道雅、ふじわらのみちまさ))

was a mid-Heian period Imperial court noble and poet. He is included in the Hyakunin Isshu and was the nephew of Emperor Ichijo's wife, Empress Fujiwara no Teishi.

Fujiwara no Sukemasa

Fujiwara no Sukemasa (藤原 佐理, 944 – August 19, 998) was a Japanese noble, statesman, and renowned calligrapher of the middle Heian period. Grandson and adopted son of the daijō-daijin Fujiwara no Saneyori and son of major general of the imperial guard Fujiwara no Atsutoshi (藤原敦敏), he is honored as one of the Sanseki, a group of outstanding calligraphers.

Fujiwara no Takaie

Fujiwara no Takaie (藤原 隆家, 979 - February 2, 1044), was a Kugyō (Japanese noble) of the late Heian period. He was the Regional Governor of Dazaifu and is famous for repelling the Jurchen pirates during the Toi invasion in 1019. He reached the court position of Chūnagon.

Fujiwara no Teishi

Fujiwara no Teishi (藤原 定子, 977 – January 13, 1001) was an empress consort of the Japanese Emperor Ichijō. She appears in the literary classic The Pillow Book written by her court lady Sei Shōnagon.

She was the first daughter of Fujiwara no Michitaka (藤原道隆).Issue:

Imperial Princess Shushi (脩子内親王) (997–1049)

Imperial Prince Atsuyasu (敦康親王) (999–1019)

Imperial Princess Bishi (媄子内親王) (1001–1008)

May 16

May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 229 days remaining until the end of the year.

Michitaka

Michitaka (written: 道隆 or 道孝) is a masculine Japanese given name. Notable people with the name include:

Michitaka Akimoto (秋本 倫孝, born 1982), Japanese footballer

Fujiwara no Michitaka (藤原 道隆, 953–995), Japanese kugyō

Michitaka Kobayashi (小林 通孝, born 1955), Japanese voice actor

Kujō Michitaka (九条 道孝, 1839–1906), Japanese kuge

Naidaijin

The Naidaijin (内大臣, Naidaijin, also pronounced uchi no otodo), literally meaning "Inner Minister", was an ancient office in the Japanese Imperial Court. Its role, rank and authority varied throughout the pre-Meiji period of Japanese history, but in general remained as a significant post under the Taihō Code.

Sesshō and Kampaku

In Japan, Sesshō (摂政) was a title given to a regent who was named to act on behalf of either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress regnant. The Kanpaku (関白) was theoretically a sort of chief advisor for the emperor, but was the title of both first secretary and regent who assists an adult emperor. During a certain period in the Heian era, they were the effective rulers of Japan. There was little, if any, effective difference between the two titles, and several individuals merely changed titles as child emperors grew to adulthood, or adult emperors retired or died and were replaced by child emperors. The two titles were collectively known as Sekkan (摂関), and the families that exclusively held the titles were called Sekkan-ke or Sekkan family. After the Heian era, shogunates took over the power.

Both sesshō and kanpaku were styled as denka (or tenga in historical pronunciation; 殿下; translated as ‘’(Imperial) Highness’’), as were imperial princes and princesses.

A retired kanpaku is called Taikō (太閤), which came to commonly refer to Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

Taiten Kusunoki

Daisuke Fukuda (福田 大典, Fukuda Daisuke, born March 18, 1967), better known by his stage name Taiten Kusunoki (楠 大典, Kusunoki Taiten), is a Japanese actor and voice actor from Tokyo. He is affiliated with Amuleto.

Takashina no Takako

Takashina no Takako (高階貴子, sometimes read Takashina no Kishi; died 996), also known as the mother of the Honorary Grand Minister (儀同参司母, Gidōsanshi no haha) or as Kō no Naishi (高内侍), was a Japanese waka poet of the mid-Heian period. One of her poems was included in the Ogura Hyakunin Isshu.

The Pillow Book

The Pillow Book (枕草子, Makura no Sōshi) is a book of observations and musings recorded by Sei Shōnagon during her time as court lady to Empress Consort Teishi (定子) during the 990s and early 1000s in Heian Japan. The book was completed in the year 1002.

The work of Shōnagon consists of a collection of essays, anecdotes, poems, and descriptive passages that have little connection to one another except for the fact that they are ideas and whims of what Shōnagon was thinking of in any given moment in her daily life. In it she included lists of all kinds, personal thoughts, interesting events in court, poetry, and some opinions on her contemporaries. While it is mostly a personal work, Shōnagon's writing and poetic skill makes it interesting as a work of literature, and it is valuable as a historical document. Shōnagon’s writing in The Pillow Book was originally meant for her eyes only, but part of it was revealed to the Court by accident during her life; this occurred “when she inadvertently left it [her writing] on a cushion she put out for a visiting guest, who eagerly carried it off despite her pleas." She wrote The Pillow Book as a private endeavor of enjoyment for herself; it seemed to be a way for her to express her inner thoughts and feelings that she was not allowed to state publicly due to her lower standing position in the court. Shōnagon never intended for her work to be viewed by an audience or to be read by eyes other than her own, although this was not the case, considering her work has become a famous piece in most of literature throughout the centuries. The book was first translated into English in 1889 by T. Purcell and W. G. Aston. Other notable English translations were by Arthur Waley in 1928, Ivan Morris in 1967, and Meredith McKinney in 2006.

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