Fronten (English: The Front) was a Norwegian newspaper.

It was published by national socialist Eugen Nielsen from 1932 to 1940. In the beginning, it was published biweekly, but gradually this became more sporadic. Nielsen's primary interest, which was reflected in the publications, was attacking freemasonry.[1]

Nielsen cooperated with the short-lived National Socialist Workers' Party of Norway (Norges Nasjonalsosialistiske Arbeiderparti), and was, therefore, critical to the rivalling national socialist party Nasjonal Samling. With Nasjonal Samling seizing power in Norway in the autumn of 1940, during the German occupation of Norway, Fronten eventually ceased to exist. Nielsen continued as an Anti-Masonry consultant for the Sicherheitsdienst.[1]


  1. ^ a b Sørensen, Øystein (1989). Fra Hitler til Quisling. Oslo: J.W. Cappelens Forlag. pp. 94–95. ISBN 82-02-11992-8.
Adolf Egeberg

Adolf Egeberg Jr. (30 September 1909 – 22 June 1972) was a Norwegian journalist and national socialist. Egeberg worked as a correspondent for Nationen in Germany circa 1930, and he took courses in the SA in Munich, and SS in Berlin. He was involved in the short-lived Norwegian fascist party National Legion in 1927–28, before he founded the National Socialist Workers' Party of Norway (NNSAP) in 1930, modelled on the German Nazi Party (NSDAP). He gained financial support for his party from Eugen Nielsen, publisher of Fronten, in 1932. Egeberg left the party to join the founding of Nasjonal Samling (NS) in 1933, and got a position as editor of Vestlandets Avis (1934–36), the NS-paper published in Stavanger. He was part of a circle, some of whom founded the periodical Ragnarok, that sought to push NS in a national socialist direction.He died in 1972 and is buried at Vestre gravlund.

Aller Media

Aller Media is a magazine publisher in the Nordic countries, headquartered in Copenhagen, Denmark. It publishes Elle, Cafe, Familie Journalen, Femina, Allers and Se og Hør.


Dagbladet (lit.: The Daily Magazine) is one of Norway's largest newspapers and has 1,400,000 daily readers on mobile, web and paper.

The paper edition had a circulation of 46,250 copies in 2016, down from a peak of 228,834 in 1994. The editor in chief is Alexandra Beverfjord.

Dagbladet is published six days a week and includes the additional feature magazine Magasinet every Saturday. Part of the daily newspaper is available at, and more articles can be accessed through a paywall. The daily readership of Dagbladet's online newspaper was 1.24 million in 2016.

Denmark–Russia relations

Denmark–Russia relations is the relationship between the two countries, Denmark and Russia. Diplomatic relations between Denmark and the USSR were established on June 18, 1924. Russia has an embassy in Copenhagen and a consulate in Tórshavn, and Denmark has an embassy in Moscow, a Consulate-General in Saint Petersburg, and an honorary consulate in Kaliningrad. Both countries border the Baltic Sea and are members of the Council of Europe and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

Eugen Nielsen

Georg Eugen Nielsen (1884 – 11 July 1963) was a Norwegian architect, publisher and activist.

He was an architect by profession, but was wealthy and had time to pursue an interest in writing and publishing. He published the biweekly newspaper Fronten from 1932. Fronten was an organ for the short-lived National Socialist Workers' Party of Norway, and Nielsen was skeptical to Nasjonal Samling. His main interest was exposing what he perceived as the evils of Freemasonry.During the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, Nasjonal Samling people assumed political office. Nielsen never joined the party, but backed up part of it, specifically pan-Germanist fractions. He was set to administer the ownings of the Norwegian Order of Freemasons after it was closed down, and worked as an Anti-Freemasonry consultant for the Sicherheitsdienst. He attempted to stigmatize people in the Nasjonal Samling leadership with Freemasonry allegations.During the legal purge in Norway after World War II he managed to get his case delayed until 1950, after first having been arrested between 13 May 1945 and 1946. He died in 1963, and left behind a sizeable collection of weapons. Parts of the collection was sold in 1993 at Christie's. Money was channeled to a foundation Arkitekt Eugen Nielsens Stiftelse, which among others supported Arnfinn Moland with 50,000 kr to write the strongly Nazi-critical book Over grensen? Hjemmefrontens likvidasjoner under okkupasjonen av Norge 1940–1945.

Frontera Sur (1998 film)

Frontera Sur is a 1998 Argentine drama film directed by Gerardo Herrero. The music was composed by Luis Bacalov.

Frøis Frøisland

Nils Frøis Frøisland (4 February 1883 – 29 January 1930) was a Norwegian newspaper correspondent and editor.

He was born in Raufoss as a son of farmer and forest owner Nils Frøisland (1851–1932) and his wife Berthe Enger (1858–1924). He finished his secondary education in Hamar in 1900, and then attended the Norwegian Military Academy for one year. He then enrolled at the Royal Frederick University and graduated with the cand.jur. degree in 1907.He contributed to the newspaper Fri Presse until it went defunct in 1908. He was hired by Amandus Schibsted as a journalist in Aftenposten. He studied in France for some time, returning in 1911, but he was sent back as a correspondent in December 1913. He was especially active during the First World War, becoming a prolific war correspondent. He held two nationwide lecture tours on the war in 1915 and 1919, and issued the books Fra Paris og Frankriges front under krigen (1916) and Fortellinger fra fronten (1928). In 1919 he succeeded Ola Christofersen as co-editor-in-chief of Aftenposten. He became sole editor in 1925 when Thorstein Diesen died. Frøisland became known for expanding the journalistic efforts of the newspaper, and starting the weekly A-magasinet.In the Norwegian parliamentary election, 1927 he was fielded as the second ballot candidate for the party National Legion, behind Karl Meyer and ahead of Thorvald Aadahl and Jens Bratlie. In a press release, the National Legion (led by Meyer) stated that it had cherrypicked "strong" personalities to combat the hardships in Norwegian politics. Frøisland denounced the ballot in an Aftenposten piece, stating that himself, Aadahl and Bratlie were unwilling and unaware of the nomination. He stated that a vote for the National Legion would be a wasted vote in the ongoing struggle against the "communists". However, according to Norwegian election law the people who were listed on the ballot had no legal grounds to avoid being nominated. The National Legion did not win any seats.

In May 1919, Frøisland married the pianist Astrid Helene Fagstad (1885–1945). Frøisland died in January 1930 in Oslo.

Jordanian National Liberation Movement

Jordanian National Liberation Movement was a clandestine Jordanian political movement, connected to the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine. The group considered the Jordanian government as fascist. In its own description it demanded the removal of the Wasfi al-Tal cabinet and liberation of Jordan from American and British colonial influence.

The group began armed operations on September 11, 1971. Some of its actions included:

September 11, 1971: Bomb placed outside security police building in Abdali (Amman). 2 policemen wounded.

September 12, 1971: The 'Abu Ahmeed' Restaurant, frequently visited by higher officers, bombed.

September 13, 1971: Land mine explodes outside military base in Irbid.

September 19, 1971: Jordanian tank destroyed by land mine in Jabel, northern Jordan

November 9, 1971: Two grenades launched at a Land Rover belonging to the Jordanian Army at Irbid. Soldiers damaged.

December 13, 1971: Fire-bomb launched at the Jordanian legation in Geneva. Two policemen and one firefighter badly injured.

Lili Marleen

"Lili Marleen" (also spelled "Lili Marlen", "Lilli Marlene", "Lily Marlene", "Lili Marlène" among others) is a German love song performed by Lale Andersen, which became popular during World War II throughout Europe and the Mediterranean among both Axis and Allied troops. Written in 1915 as a poem, the song was published in 1937 and was first recorded by Lale Andersen in 1939 as "Das Mädchen unter der Laterne" ("The Girl under the Lantern").

In 2006, Bear Family Records released a 7-CD set Lili Marleen an allen Fronten ("Lili Marleen on all Fronts"), including nearly 200 versions of "Lili Marleen" with a 180-page booklet. (ISBN 3-89916-154-8).

List of defunct newspapers of Norway

This is a list of defunct newspapers of Norway.



Bergens Adressecontoirs Efterretninger

Bergens Aftenblad

Bergens Social-Demokrat

Bergens Stiftstidende


Buskerud Blad

Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen


Flekkefjords Budstikke



Folkets Framtid




Hardanger Arbeiderblad

Haugaland Arbeiderblad

Haugesunds Social-Demokrat


Karmøens Tidende




Kopervik Tidende


Kristiansands Stiftsavis og Adressekontors-Efterretninger

Lillesands Tidende


Lister og Mandals Amtstidende



Moss Arbeiderblad


Nedenes Amts Landbotidende

Norges Kommunistblad

Norsk Landboeblad

Norsk-Tysk Tidsskrift

NS Månedshefte

Ny Tid (Oslo)

Ny Tid (Trondheim)

Odda Nyhetsblad



Øvre Smaalenene


Saǥai Muittalægje



Skiens Ugeblad



Søndenfjeldske Avis


Stavanger Avis

Stavanger Socialdemokrat


Tvedestrand og Omegns Avis

Verdens Gang (1868–1923)



National Socialist Workers' Party of Norway

The National Socialist Workers' Party of Norway (Norwegian: Norges Nasjonalsocialistiske Arbeiderparti, NNSAP) was a minor extraparliamentary political party in Norway. The party was founded in 1930, and dissolved in May 1940.

Party of the Swedes

Party of the Swedes (Swedish: Svenskarnas parti, SvP) was a neo-Nazi political party in Sweden. The party described itself as nationalist and sought to limit Swedish citizenship only to individuals who belong to the "Western genetic and cultural legacy". From 2013 to 2015 the party leader was Stefan Jacobsson. The party dissolved on 10 May 2015 due to lack of members.The Ægishjálmur rune was the official SVP symbol since it originated as Folkfronten ("the people's front"), a neo-Nazi party founded in 2008 by members of the National Socialist Front (NSF), the largest Swedish Nazi party at the time. The current name was introduced in 2009 after socialist activists registered NSF's name with the Election Authority of Sweden, blocking its use.

The party's only electoral success was one municipal mandate in 2010 in the small community of Grästorp in Västra Götaland in western Sweden. The mandate was lost after it was revealed that their representative, Daniel Höglund, was not registered as a resident, which is a requirement for members of municipal councils in Sweden. In the 2014 general election the party polled 0.07% with 4,189 votes. The decision to disband came seven months later.

Paul Ernst Wilhelm Hartmann

Paul Ernst Wilhelm Hartmann (12 October 1878 – 5 December 1974) was a Norwegian politician who served in the exile government of Johan Nygaardsvold during World War II. He was appointed councilor of state in 1941 and 1942, acting Minister of Finance 1941-1942 and 1942-1945, and member of the government delegation in Oslo in 1945, as head of the Ministry of Agriculture. After the war, he served as chairman of the board of Vinmonopolet (The Wine Monopoly) from 1945–53. In 1955, Hartmann published his memoires, titled Bak fronten; fra Oslo og London 1939–45 (Behind the Front, from Oslo and London 1939–45).He was a brother of judge and politician Carl Wilhelm Hartmann.

Post-World War II anti-fascism

Antifa movements () and Anti-Fascist Action networks are groups that describe themselves as anti-fascist. Such movements have been active in several countries in the second half of the 20th and early 21st century.

Revolutionary Front (Sweden)

The Revolutionary Front (Swedish: Revolutionära fronten) was a far-left extremist political and militant network in Sweden. The goal of the RF was to dismantle the current society through a revolution and create a socialist state. The group fought against fascism, racism, sexism and capitalism, and campaigned through violent means.

Sint-Lambertuskerk (Maastricht)

The Sint-Lambertuskerk (St. Lambert's) is a former church in the city of Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands.

At the time of its completion in 1916, St. Lambert's was the first church in Maastricht outside the Medieval city wall. The location of the church was in the so-called Hoge Fronten, an area that for centuries was used for building fortifications, both above ground and below ground. The latter turned out to be a liability for the building's stability.

The church was designed by Hubert van Groenendael in neo-Romanesque style on a cruciform plan. it was built between 1914 and 1916. The church was named after the Maastricht-born saint Lambert, bishop of Maastricht and Liège in the 7th and 8th century. For 70 years the church was operated as a Roman Catholic parish church.

Soon after its completion in 1916, subsidence cracks developed in the structure. Ten years later, the church was restored and no further damage occurred until 1970. Beginning in 1970, portions of the structure began to sag and new cracks developed. From 1985, the building was no longer used as a church. The parish moved to the nearby St. Ann's Church in the same neighbourhoud of Brusselsepoort.

In 2010-2012, the church underwent renovations at a cost of 12 million euros. In 2016-2017, it was converted into a laboratory workspace as well as an events location and a private home.

Treaty of Dorpat

The Treaty of Dorpat (Tartu) was concluded in May 1564, during the Livonian War. Ivan IV of Russia accepted the subordinance of Reval (Tallinn) and some Livonian castles to Erik XIV of Sweden, and in turn Erik XIV accepted the subordinance of the rest of Livonia to Ivan IV. Subsequently, Russia and Sweden agreed on a seven-years' truce.

Widerstand (magazine)

Widerstand. Zeitschrift für nationalrevolutionäre Politik (German: Resistance. Magazine for national-revolutionary politics) was a monthly magazine established in Germany in 1926 to advocate National Bolshevism. It was published in Berlin, under the editorship of Ernst Niekisch. Prominent contributors included Ernst Jünger, Friedrich Georg Jünger, and Joseph E. Drexel. The newspaper was shut down in December 1934. After a time in the underground, Niekisch was arrested and held in Nazi concentration camps from 1937 to 1945.

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