Friedrich von Huene

Friedrich von Huene, full name Friedrich Richard von Hoinigen (March 22, 1875 – April 4, 1969) was a German paleontologist who renamed more dinosaurs in the early 20th century than anyone else in Europe. He also made key contributions about various Permo-Carboniferous limbed vertebrates.

Friedrich Richard von Hoinigen
BornMarch 22, 1875
Died4 April 1969 (aged 94)
ResidenceTübingen
NationalityGerman
Known forFriedrich von Huene
Scientific career
Fieldspaleontologist

Biography

Stahleckeria potens
Friedrich von Huene (left) with a Stahleckeria dicynodont skeleton at University of Tübingen.

Huene was born in Tübingen, Kingdom of Württemberg. His discoveries include the skeletons of more than 35 individuals of Plateosaurus in the famous Trossingen quarry, the early proto-dinosaur Saltopus in 1910, Proceratosaurus in 1926, the giant Antarctosaurus in 1929, and numerous other dinosaurs and fossilized animals like pterosaurs. He also was the first to naming several higher taxa, including Prosauropoda and Sauropodomorpha.

He visited the Geopark of Paleorrota in 1928, and there collected the Prestosuchus chiniquensis in 1938.

He also studied several Permo-Carboniferous and Triassic limbed vertebrates, including members of several large clades, such as Temnospondyli,[1] Synapsida,[2][3][4] and Sauropsida.[5][6] In his work on mesosaurs,[6] Huene indicated that a lower temporal fenestra was present (as in synapsids), an interpretation later rejected by many subsequent workers,[7][8] but more recently upheld.[9]

A new species of basal sauropodomorph, Lufengosaurus huenei, was named after von Huene in 1941. Liassaurus huenei, an early carnivorous theropod, was named for him in 1995, though this name is invalid.

See also

  • Category:Taxa named by Friedrich von Huene

References

  1. ^ Huene, Friedrich von (1910). "Neubeschreibung des permischen Stegocephalen Dasyceps bucklandi (Lloyd) aus Kenilworth". Geologische und Paleontologische Abhandlungen. 8: 325–338.
  2. ^ Huene, Friedrich von (1905). "Pelycosaurier im deutschen Muschelkalk". Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie. 20: 321–353.
  3. ^ Huene, Friedrich von (1908). "Neue und verkannte Pelycosaurier-Reste aus Europa". Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie. 14: 431–434.
  4. ^ Huene, Friedrich von (1925). "Ein neuer Pelycosaurier aus der unteren Permformation Sachsens". Geologische und Paleontologische Abhandlungen. 18 (Neu Folge 14): 215–264.
  5. ^ Huene, Friedrich von (1912). "Die Cotylosaurier der Trias". Palaeontographica. Abteilung A. Palaeozoologie-Stratigraphie. 59: 69–102.
  6. ^ a b Huene, Friedrich von (1940). "Osteologie und systematische Stellung von Mesosaurus". Palaeontographica. Abteilung A. Palaeozoologie-Stratigraphie. 92: 45–58.
  7. ^ Modesto, S.P. (1999). "Observations of the structure of the Early Permian reptile Stereosternum tumidum Cope". Palaeontologia Africana. 35: 7–19.
  8. ^ Rossmann, T.; Maisch, M. W. (1999). "Das Mesosaurier-Material in der Bayerischen Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Historische Geologie: Übersicht und neue Erkenntnisse". Mitteilungen der Bayerischen Staatssammlung für Plaäontologie und Historische Geologie. 39: 69–83.
  9. ^ Piñeiro, G.; Ferigolo, J.; Ramos, A.; Laurin, M. (2012). "Cranial morphology of the Early Permian mesosaurid Mesosaurus tenuidens and the evolution of the lower temporal fenestration reassessed". Comptes Rendus Palevol. 11 (5): 379–391. doi:10.1016/j.crpv.2012.02.001.
  • Westphal, Frank (1972) "Huene, Friedrich von" In Neue Deutsche Biographie (volume 9 Heß–Hüttig), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, pages 740741
  • Isaia, Antônio. Os Fascinantes Caminhos da Paleontologia (Dazzling Paleonotogical Paths) (in Portuguese). Porto Alegre, Brazil: Grafica Editora Pallotti. length: 60 pages; Guide to the fossil finds in Rio Grande do Sul, and especially in the Santa Maria area.
  • Beltrão, Romeu (1979). Cronologia Histórica de Santa Maria e do extinto município de São Martinho: 1787-1930 (in Portuguese) (second ed.). Grafica Editora Pallotti. OCLC 10022858. length: 582 pages
1932 in paleontology

Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1932.

Coelurosauria

Coelurosauria (; from Greek, meaning "hollow tailed lizards") is the clade containing all theropod dinosaurs more closely related to birds than to carnosaurs.

Coelurosauria is a subgroup of theropod dinosaurs that includes compsognathids, tyrannosaurs, ornithomimosaurs, and maniraptorans; Maniraptora includes birds, the only dinosaur group alive today.Most feathered dinosaurs discovered so far have been coelurosaurs. Philip J. Currie considers it likely and probable that all coelurosaurs were feathered. In the past, Coelurosauria was used to refer to all small theropods, but this classification has since been abolished.

Dolichosuchus

Dolichosuchus (meaning "long crocodile") is the name given to a genus of dinosaur from the Triassic. It was originally classified in the disused family Hallopodidae, but has since been reclassified as a coelophysoid. A single fossil (consisting of a single lower leg bone, or tibia) was found in Germany. Since only one bone was discovered, the genus is considered a nomen dubium. Some scientists have noted that the tibia closely resembles those of Liliensternus and Dilophosaurus.The type species is D. cristatus, described by Huene in 1932. The bone was recovered from the Lower or Middle Stubensandstein formation.

Gomphodontosuchus

Gomphodontosuchus is an extinct genus of cynodonts. It was created to describe the species Gomphodontosuchus brasiliensis.

Gonioglyptus

Gonioglyptus is an extinct genus of trematosaurian temnospondyl within the family Trematosauridae.

Indobrachyops

Indobrachyops is an extinct genus of temnospondyl amphibian from the Early Triassic of India. It is known from a nearly complete fossil skull that was first described by paleontologists Friedrich von Huene and M. R. Sahni in 1958 from the Panchet Formation in Raniganj Coalfield. Indobrachyops belongs to a group of mostly semi-aquatic temnospondyls called Stereospondyli, but its exact placement within the group has been uncertain since its first description.

Indosuchus

Indosuchus is a genus of abelisaurid dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous Period (70 to 66 million years ago – the Maastrichtian), a theropod related to Abelisaurus. Like most theropods, Indosuchus was a bipedal carnivore. It was about 7 metres long, weighed about 1.2 tonnes, and had a crested skull, flattened on the top.

Laevisuchus

Laevisuchus (, "light crocodile") is a genus of abelisauroid theropod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous. Its remains were discovered by Charles Alfred Matley near Jabalpur in Maastrichtian deposits in the Lameta Formation in India, and were named and described by paleontologists Friedrich von Huene and Matley in 1933. The type species is Laevisuchus indicus. The generic name is derived from Latin laevis, "light" and the Greek name for the Egyptian crocodile god, Soukhos. The specific name means "Indian" in Latin. It is known only from three cervical vertebrae (GSI K20/613, GSI K20/614 and GSI K27/696) and a dorsal vertebra (GSI K27/588). A holotype was not assigned by Huene and Matley and a lectotype has never been chosen from the syntypes. All remains except GSI K27/696 were lost; GSI K20/613 was rediscovered in 2012.

Laplatasaurus

Laplatasaurus (meaning "La Plata lizard", named for La Plata, Argentina) is a genus of titanosaurian sauropod dinosaur that lived during the Late Cretaceous in South America.

The genus was named in 1927 by Friedrich von Huene, but without a description, so that it remained a nomen nudum. In 1929 the type species, Laplatasaurus araukanicus, was described by Huene. The generic name refers to La Plata. The specific name is derived from the Araucanos or Mapuche. By accident Huene in 1929 also mentioned a "Laplatasaurus wichmannianus" but that was a lapsus calami for Antarctosaurus wichmannianus. In 1933 however, he and Charles Alfred Matley renamed Titanosaurus madagascariensis to Laplatasaurus madagascariensis. This last species is today commonly referred to the original Titanosaurus.

Huene based Laplatasaurus on fragmentary material found in three locations in Argentina, in strata of the Allen Formation, dating from the Campanian faunal stage. It consisted of limb elements, some dorsal vertebrae and a series of caudal vertebrae. Part of the finds had earlier been referred by Richard Lydekker to Titanosaurus australis. Huene never assigned a holotype, but in 1979 José Fernando Bonaparte chose MLP 26-306 as the lectotype, a specimen consisting of a tibia and a fibula that perhaps originate from different individuals.

Huene assigned those fossils to Laplatasaurus that seemed to indicate a rather large yet at the same time elegantly built sauropod. The about eighteen metres (60 ft) long Laplatasaurus was perhaps similar to Saltasaurus. Osteoderms forming an armored plating on the back, have been referred to Laplatasaurus but the association is uncertain. These plates had much smaller ridges than those of Saltasaurus.

Huene placed Laplatasaurus in the Titanosauridae, which is still a common classification. In his 2003 review of South American titanosaurs, Jaime Eduardo Powell assigned Laplatasaurus to Titanosaurus, creating the new combination Titanosaurus aurakanicus. Others however, continued to treat Laplatasaurus as valid genus separate from Titanosaurus.A 2015 re-assessment of Laplatasaurus found it to be closely related to Bonitasaura, Futalognkosaurus, Mendozasaurus, and Uberabatitan. The genus was restricted to the lectotype, and the material from Rancho de Avila was assigned to cf. Bonitasaura sp.

Loricosaurus

Loricosaurus (meaning "armour lizard") is a genus of sauropod represented by a single species. It is a titanosaurian that lived near the end of the Late Cretaceous period, approximately 71 million years ago in the late Campanian or early Maastrichtian. Found in the province of Neuquen, Argentina in the Allen Formation. Due to the presence of armour, at first it was thought that it was an ankylosaur, but today it is considered to be the armour of a titanosaur.

Plagiosuchus

Plagiosuchus is an extinct genus of prehistoric temnospondyl. It is known from several collections representing Triassic of Germany.

Plateosauravus

Plateosauravus ("grandfather of Plateosaurus") is a basal sauropodomorph of uncertain affinities from the Late Triassic Elliot Formation of South Africa.

Sidney Haughton named Plateosaurus cullingworthi in 1924 from a partial skeleton, type specimen SAM 3341, 3345, 3347, 3350-51, 3603, 3607. The specific name honoured collector T.L. Cullingworth. Friedrich von Huene reassessed it in 1932 as belonging to a new genus, which he named Plateosauravus. Jacques van Heerden reassigned it to Euskelosaurus in 1976, and this has been how it was usually considered. However, recent study indicates that Euskelosaurus is based on undiagnostic material and thus a nomen dubium; in his series of sauropodomorph and basal sauropod papers, Adam Yates has recommended no longer using Euskelosaurus and has suggested the use of Plateosauravus instead.More than a dozen additional partial skeletons have been found in the Kruger National Park after a discovery by game warden Adriaan Louw on 27 March 1995. These include juvenile individuals.

Rapator

Rapator is a genus of theropod dinosaur from the Griman Creek Formation of New South Wales, Australia, dating to the Albian age of the early Cretaceous period, 105 million years ago. It contains only the type species, Rapator ornitholestoides, which was originally named by Friedrich von Huene in 1932.

Rauisuchus

Rauisuchus is a genus of extinct basal archosaurs which lived in what is now the Geopark of Paleorrota (Santa María Formation), Brazil, during the Middle to Late Triassic period (235-206 million years ago). It contains one species, R. tiradentes.

Rutiodon

Rutiodon ("Wrinkle tooth") is an extinct genus of archosaur belonging to the family Phytosauridae. It lived during the Late Triassic period, and was about 3 to 8 meters in length. Rutiodon is known from the eastern United States (North Carolina, New York, New Jersey).

Saltopus

Saltopus ("hopping foot") is a genus of very small bipedal dinosauriform containing the single species S. elginensis from the late Triassic period of Scotland. It is one of the most famous Elgin Reptiles.

Stahleckeria

Stahleckeria is an extinct genus of Middle Triassic (Ladinian) dicynodonts. It lived about 240 million years ago in what is now Brazil and Namibia. As a member of the group Kannemeyeriiformes, it was similar to the genus Kannemeyeria. The genus is known from the type species Stahleckeria potens, which was first collected from the Ladinian-age Santa Maria Formation in the Paleorrota fossil site of Brazil. Stahleckeria was named in honor of Rudolf Stahlecker, who discovered the first specimens during a 1935 expedition led by paleontologist Friedrich von Huene to the Chiniquá fossil site.

Theropsodon

Theropsodon is an extinct genus of traversodontid cynodonts from the Middle Triassic of Tanzania. Fossils have been found from the Manda Formation. A single holotype skull of the type species T. njaliliris was named by German paleontologist Friedrich von Huene in 1950.

Traversodon

Traversodon is an extinct genus of cynodonts. It was a relative of the direct ancestor to modern mammals.

Traversodon lived in what is now South America.

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