French River (Ontario)

The French River (French: Rivière des Français, Ojibwe: Wemitigoj-Sibi) is a river in Central Ontario, Canada. It flows 110 kilometres (68 mi) from Lake Nipissing west to Georgian Bay.[1] The river largely follows the boundary between the Parry Sound District and the Sudbury District, and in most contexts is considered the dividing line between Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario. The French River was designated a Canadian Heritage River in 1986.

French River
Rivière des Français, Wemitigoj-Sibi
2007.05.23 09 Recollet Falls French River Ontario
Recollet Falls of the French River near Hwy. 69
French River (Ontario) is located in Ontario
French River (Ontario)
Location of the mouth of the French River in Ontario
Location
CountryCanada
ProvinceOntario
RegionNipissing, Parry Sound, and
Sudbury Districts
Physical characteristics
SourceLake Nipissing
 - locationNipissing District
 - coordinates46°12′30″N 79°49′30″W / 46.20833°N 79.82500°W
MouthGeorgian Bay
 - location
Parry Sound District
Coords for Main Outlet:
 - coordinates
45°56′26″N 80°54′06″W / 45.94056°N 80.90167°WCoordinates: 45°56′26″N 80°54′06″W / 45.94056°N 80.90167°W
Length110 km (68 mi)
Basin size19,100 km2 (7,400 sq mi)

Geography

The French River flows through typical Canadian Shield country, in many places exposing rugged glaciated rock but also through heavily forested areas on the upper portion. The mouth of the river contains countless islands and numerous channels which vary from narrow, enclosed steep-walled gorges, falls and rapids, to broad expanses of open water.

Tributaries of this river include the:

History

Steamship Kawigamog in northern Ontario (cropped)
The steamship Kawigamog carried cargo and passengers on the Pickerel River, a tributary of the French River system from 1913 to 1928.[2]

It was used as a transportation corridor by the Algonquian peoples of this region. The Ojibwa named this the "French River" because it became associated with French explorers of the 17th century, including Étienne Brûlé, Samuel de Champlain and Pierre-Esprit Radisson, and missionaries.

Other explorers who later followed this route included Simon Fraser, Alexander Mackenzie and David Thompson.

Together with the Ottawa and Mattawa Rivers, the French River formed part of the water highway from Montreal to Lake Superior in the days of the fur trade. It remained a major canoe route until about 1820. Around 1855,[3] the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada provided newfound access to the area and the Georgian Bay. This led to increased exploration and interest for fishing and logging during the era of the Industrial Revolution. After the Great Chicago Fire in 1871,[4] there was a boom in logging along with the creation of Lumber barons in the Great Lakes. The French River was "ripe for the picking with its seemingly inexhaustible supply of timber and proximity to the American markets".[5]

Near the end of the 19th century, logging became the primary activity in the area. It was later settled as a summer tourist and recreation area. For this reason, the French River was designated a Canadian Heritage River in 1985.[6] Because of the rugged nature of the Canadian Shield country surrounding this river, large parts of this river remain relatively untouched and it is now a popular location for recreational canoeing, kayaking, photography, camping, fishing and boating.

Following bouts of overfishing, in the 1994 the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources placed a slot limit on fishing to protect prime breeding year classes and increase the trophy fish population in the French River.

French River Waterway Provincial Park

French River Provincial Park
IUCN category II (national park)
LocationOntario, Canada
Nearest cityFrench River
Noëlville
Area517.40 km2 (199.77 sq mi)
Established1989
Governing bodyOntario Parks

Most of the river's shores from Lake Nipissing to the Georgian Bay, except for the land occupied by the Dokis First Nation between the Upper and Lower French River, have been protected and designated as a provincial waterway park. There are 230 undeveloped back-country campsites available in the park along the river. French River continues to attract vacationers and cottage owners who enjoy the clear water, rocky shores and pine growth forests.

See also

References

  1. ^ PWGSC, French River & Lake Nipissing
  2. ^ Astrid Taim (2016). "Astrid Taim's Almaguin Chronicles 2-Book Bundle: Almaguin / Almaguin Chronicles". Dundurn Press. pp. 380–392. ISBN 9781459737006. Retrieved 2018-09-08.
  3. ^ Marsh, James. "Railway History". Historica Canada. Retrieved 2016-01-17.
  4. ^ "The Great Chicago Fire". Archived from the original on 2016-01-01. Retrieved 2016-01-17.
  5. ^ Kelly, Wayne. "Capturing the French River". Retrieved 2016-01-17.
  6. ^ "French River Provincial Park Management Plan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 23, 2012. Retrieved January 17, 2016.

External links

Bancroft Gherardi Jr.

Bancroft Gherardi Jr. (April 6, 1873 – August 14, 1941) was a noted American electrical engineer, known for his pioneering work in developing the early telephone systems in the United States. Recognized as one of the foremost authorities in telephone engineering, Gherardi was instrumental in developing the transcontinental telephone service in 1915 and the trans-Atlantic radio telephone service in 1927. He was award the IEEE Edison Medal in 1932 for "contributions to the art of telephone engineering and the development of electrical communication".

Canadian Heritage Rivers System

The Canadian Heritage Rivers System (CHRS) (French: Le réseau de rivières du patrimoine canadien) is a joint program administered by the federal, provincial and territorial governments to conserve and protect the best examples of Canada's river heritage, to give them national recognition, and to encourage the public to enjoy and appreciate them. It is a cooperative program of the governments of Canada, nine provinces, and the three territories. A 14-member national board, created under the Parks Canada Agency Act, administers the program and approves the designation of specific rivers.

Drumlin

A drumlin, from the Irish word droimnín ("littlest ridge"), first recorded in 1833, and in the classical sense is an elongated hill in the shape of an inverted spoon or half-buried egg formed by glacial ice acting on underlying unconsolidated till or ground moraine.

French River, Ontario

French River, also known as Rivière-des-Français, is a municipality in the Canadian province of Ontario, in the Sudbury District. The municipality had a population of 2,662 in the Canada 2016 Census. It was formed in 1999 through the merger of the Township of Cosby, Mason and Martland and surrounding unincorporated portions of the Unorganized North Sudbury District. It was named after the French River that flows through the municipality.

The borders of the municipality are composed of Highway 69 to the west (the French River Trading Post and French River Inn properties are also included within the municipal boundary), West Arm to the north on Highway 535 (just east of Shaw Rd.), the end of Wolseley Bay Rd to the east (Highway 528) and the community of Monetville to the northeast.

Along with the municipalities of St. Charles, Killarney, and Markstay-Warren, it is part of the region known as Sudbury East. These communities partner together on several ventures, including the Sudbury East Planning Board, Sudbury East Municipal Association, Manitoulin-Sudbury District Services Board (MSDSB) and Sudbury East Board of Trade.

List of islands by name (C)

This article features a list of islands sorted by their name beginning with the letter C.

List of islands by name (E)

This article features a list of islands sorted by their name beginning with the letter E.

List of islands by name (F)

This article features a list of islands sorted by their name beginning with the letter F.

List of islands by name (O)

This article features a list of islands sorted by their name beginning with the letter O.

List of islands by name (P)

This article features a list of islands sorted by their name beginning with the letter P.

Sucker Creek

Sucker Creek may refer to:

In Ontario, CanadaSucker Creek (Osborne Township), in geographic Osborne Township, Nipissing DistrictIn Minnesota, United StatesSucker Creek (Crow River)

Big Sucker Creek

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