Frederic John Walker

Captain Frederic John Walker, CB, DSO & Three Bars (3 June 1896 – 9 July 1944) (his first name is given as Frederick in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography[1] and some London Gazette entries) was a Royal Navy officer noted for his exploits during World War II. Walker was the most successful anti-submarine warfare commander during the Battle of the Atlantic and was known more popularly as Johnnie Walker (for the Johnnie Walker brand of whisky).

Frederic John Walker
U-boat Hunter Number 1. 12 January 1944, the White House, Garston, Liverpool. Captain F J Walker, Cb, Dso, Rn, the Most Successful U-boat Hunter in the War. He Commanded the Second Escort Group. A21312A
Captain Frederic Walker c.1944
Born3 June 1896
Plymouth, England
Died9 July 1944 (aged 48)
Seaforth, Merseyside, England
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchRoyal Navy
Years of service1909–1944
Commands heldHMS Shikari (1933)
HMS Falmouth (1933–35)
HMS Stork (1941–42)
36th Escort Group (1941–42)
HMS Starling (1943–44)
2nd Support Group (1943–44)
Battles/warsFirst World War
Second World War
AwardsCompanion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order & Three Bars
Mentioned in Despatches (3)

Early life and career

Walker was born in Plymouth, the son of Frederic Murray and Lucy Selina (née Scriven) Walker. He joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1909 and was educated at the Royal Naval Colleges at Osborne and Dartmouth, where he excelled. First serving on the battleship Ajax as a midshipman, Walker as a sub-lieutenant went on to join the destroyers Mermaid and Sarpedon in 1916 and 1917 respectively. Following the end of the First World War, Walker joined the Queen Elizabeth-class battleship Valiant. He married Jessica Eileen Ryder Stobart, with whom he had three sons and a daughter.[1]

Interwar Period, 1920s–1930s

During the interwar period Walker partook in the field of antisubmarine warfare. He took a course at the newly founded antisubmarine warfare training school of HMS Osprey, on the Isle of Portland, which was established in 1924. Walker consequently became an expert in this particular type of warfare, and was appointed to a post specialising in this field, serving on a number of capital ships. In May 1933 he was promoted to commander and took charge of the World War I destroyer Shikari. In December 1933 Walker, took command of the Shoreham-class sloop Falmouth based on the China Station. In April 1937 Walker became the Experimental Commander at HMS Osprey.

World War II

When World War II began, in 1939, Walker's career seemed at an end. Still a commander, he had been passed over for promotion to captain and indeed had been scheduled for early retirement. He gained a reprieve, however, due to the commencement of war and in 1940 was appointed as Operations Staff Officer to Vice-Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay. Even so, Walker still had not been given a command, despite expertise in antisubmarine warfare that would no doubt be indispensable in the Battle of the Atlantic. During Walker's time in that role the Operation Dynamo evacuation took place from Dunkirk, in which the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was evacuated from France. The evacuation was a success with over 330,000 British and French troops being rescued and brought back to England, or to Brittany. He was Mentioned in Despatches for his work during this operation.[2]

Walker received his own command in October 1941, taking control of the 36th Escort Group, commanding from the Bittern-class sloop Stork. The escort group comprised two sloops (including the Stork) and six corvettes and was based in Liverpool, the home of the Western Approaches Command. Initially his Group was primarily used to escort convoys to and from Gibraltar.

Walker's first chance to test his innovative methods against the U-boat menace came in December when his group escorted Convoy HG 76 (32 ships). During the journey five U-boats were sunk, four by Walker's group, including the U-574 which was depth-charged and rammed by Walker's own ship on 19 December. The Royal Navy's loss during the Battle for HG76 was one escort carrier, the Audacity, formerly the German vessel Hannover; one destroyer, the Stanley, and two merchant ships. This is sometimes described as the first true Allied convoy victory in the Battle of the Atlantic. He was given the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) on 6 January 1942, "For daring, skill and determination while escorting to this country a valuable Convoy in the face of relentless attacks from the Enemy, during which three of their Submarines were sunk and two aircraft destroyed by our forces".[3] Walker's group succeeded in sinking at least three more U-boats during his tenure as commander of the 36th Group. He was awarded the first Bar to his DSO in July 1942.[4]

During 1942, Walker left the 36th Group and became Captain (D) Liverpool, granting him some time to recuperate. He finally returned to a ship command when he became commander of the 2nd Support Group in 1943, consisting of six sloops. Walker led from Starling, a newly commissioned Black Swan-class sloop. The group was intended to act as reinforcement to convoys under attack, with the capacity to actively hunt and destroy U-boats, rather than be restricted to escorting convoys. Walker had suggested the innovative idea to the Commander-in-Chief Western Approaches Command, Sir Max Horton. The combination of an active hunting group and a charismatic, determined, and innovative antisubmarine specialist such as Walker proved to be a potent force. One eccentric aspect of his charismatic nature was the playing of the tune A Hunting We Will Go over the ship's Tannoy when returning to its base.

In June 1943 Walker's own ship Starling was responsible for the sinking of two U-boats. The first, U-202, was destroyed on 2 June by depth charges and gunfire, and the other, U-119, on 24 June by depth charges and ramming. Another U-boat, the U-449, was sunk by his group on the same day. One highly successful tactic employed by Walker was the creeping attack, in which two ships would work together to keep contact with a U–boat while attacking. A refinement of this was the barrage attack, in which three or more sloops in line to launch depth charges to saturate the area with depth charges in a manner similar to a rolling barrage by artillery in advance of an infantry attack. On 30 July, Walker's group encountered a group of three U-boats on the surface (two were vital type XIV replenishment boats known as "Milk Cows") while in the Bay of Biscay. He signalled the "General Chase" to his group and fired at them, causing damage that prevented them from diving. Two of the submarines, U-462, a Type XIV, and U-504, a Type IX/C40, were then sunk by Walker's group, and the second Type XIV, U-461, by an Australian Short Sunderland flying boat.

Out With U-boat Killer Number 1; the Second Escort Group's Success. 26 January To 25 February 1944, on Board HMS Starling. With the 2nd Escort Group, Commanded by Captain F J Walker, Cb, Dso and Two Bars, on His Most Rec A21988
Walker using a loud hailer to encourage one of the ships under his command during an attack on a submarine in early 1944

Upon his return to Liverpool, Walker was informed that his son, Timothy Walker, had been killed when the submarine HMS Parthian was lost in early August 1943 in the Mediterranean Sea. On 14 September 1943, Walker was appointed as a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) "for leadership and daring in command of H.M.S. Starling in successful actions against Enemy submarines in the Atlantic."[5]

HMS Kite depth charge attack 1944 IWM A 21989
HMS Kite of Escort 2 conducting a depth charge attack.

On 6 November 1943 Walker's group sank U-226 and U-842. In early 1944 Walker's group displayed its efficiency against U-boats by sinking six in one patrol. On 31 January 1944 Walker's group gained its first kill of the year when it sank the U-592. On 9 February his group sank U-762, U-238, and U-734 in one action, then sank U-424 on 11 February, and U-264 on 19 February. On 20 February 1944, one ship of Walker's group, the HMS Woodpecker, was torpedoed and sank seven days later while being towed home. All of her crewmen were saved. They returned to their base at Liverpool to the thrilled jubilation of the city's inhabitants and the Admiralty. The First Lord of the Admiralty was present to greet Walker and his ships. Walker was promoted to captain and awarded a second bar to his DSO.[6]

In March 1944, Walker's group provided the escort for the U.S. Navy light cruiser USS Milwaukee which was on its way to Russia as part of the Lend-Lease programme. Walker's group sank two U-boats on the outward trip, and a third on the return trip. Walker's last duty was protecting the fleet from U-boats during the Normandy Landings, the immense Allied invasion of France. This he did successfully for two weeks; no U-boats managed to get past Walker and his vessels, and many U-boats were sunk or damaged in the process. During this concerted effort Walker's dedication to his tasks was tremendous; he took no respite from his duties, which ultimately contributed to his death. He was awarded the third bar on his DSO on 13 June 1944,[7] and was again Mentioned in Despatches on 20 June 1944.[8]


Walker suffered a cerebral thrombosis on 7 July 1944, and he died two days later at the Naval Hospital at Seaforth, Merseyside, at the age of 48. His death was attributed to overwork and exhaustion.

His funeral service took place at the Liverpool Anglican Cathedral with full naval honours, being attended by about 1,000 people. A naval procession followed escorting the body through the streets of the city to the docks, where it was embarked aboard the destroyer Hesperus, for a burial at sea.[9] As Walker's Group had already steamed out for combat duty, most of the naval personnel who manned the funeral procession were from the Royal Canadian Navy.

A final honour bestowed upon Walker was a posthumous Mention in Despatches on 1 August 1944.[10]


Captain F.J.Walker statue, Pier Head, Liverpool - DSC06818
Statue of Frederic John Walker at the Pier Head, Liverpool

Walker sank more U-boats during the Battle of the Atlantic than any other British or Allied commander, and he was instrumental in the Allied victory of the Battle of the Atlantic, one of the most important campaigns of the war. In 1998 a statue by Liverpool sculptor Tom Murphy of Captain Johnnie Walker in a typical pose was unveiled at the Pier Head in Liverpool by HRH the Duke of Edinburgh. The campaign for the statue had been launched by the Captain Walker's Old Boys Association. Members of the Association met in Liverpool during the 60th Anniversary of the victory of the Battle of the Atlantic in 2003 to commemorate their comrades.

Johnnie Walker's grandson, Patrick Walker, continues the Walker association with the Royal Navy (now retired). He is also a submariner and has achieved the rank of captain of the First Submarine Squadron. He is also President of the Captain Walker's Old Boys Association dedicated to Captain Walker and the men who served with him. The Association disbanded in 2004 as many of the members were now too old to attend. The Standard is now on display in Bootle Town Hall along with many memorabilia of Walkers ships. Starling's bell is rung to commence each Council Meeting. Walker was to be promoted to Admiral, given a Fleet and sent to the Pacific.

Honours and awards

Date Honour / award Rank Description Notes
16 August 1940 Mentioned in Despatches Commander
6 January 1942 Companion of the Distinguished Service Order For daring, skill and determination while escorting to this country a valuable Convoy in the face of relentless attacks from the enemy, during which three of their Submarines were sunk and two aircraft destroyed by our forces. [11]
30 July 1942 Bar to the Distinguished Service Order Captain For leadership and skill in action against enemy submarines while serving in H.M. Ships Stork and Vetch. Second DSO awarded as a bar for on the ribbon of the first DSO. [12]
14 September 1943 Companion of the Order of the Bath For leadership and daring in command of H.M.S. Starling in successful actions against enemy submarines in the Atlantic.
22 February 1944 Second Bar to the Distinguished Service Order For gallant and distinguished services in the destruction of two U-boats while serving in H.M. Ships Starling, Kite, Wildgoose and Woodcock, patrolling in the North Atlantic. [13]
13 June 1944 Third Bar to the Distinguished Service Order For outstanding leadership, skill and determination in H.M. ships Starling, Wild Goose, Kite, Woodpecker and Magpie in the destruction of six U-boats in the course of operations covering the passage of convoys in the North Atlantic. [14]
20 June 1944 Mentioned in Despatches For outstanding leadership, skill and devotion to duty in H.M. ships Starling, Wild Goose and Wanderer on convoy escort duty in the North Atlantic. [15]
14 August 1944 Mentioned in Despatches


  1. ^ a b Sainsbury, A. B. (September 2004). "'Walker, Frederick John (1896–1944)'". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/36690. Retrieved 2008-01-24. (Subscription required (help)).
  2. ^ "No. 34925". The London Gazette. 16 August 1940. pp. 5063–5068.
  3. ^ "No. 35407". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 January 1942. p. 135.
  4. ^ "No. 35648". The London Gazette. 28 July 1942. p. 3346.
  5. ^ "No. 36169". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 September 1943. p. 4073.
  6. ^ "No. 36390". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 September 1943. p. 902.
  7. ^ "No. 36561". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 June 1944. p. 2817.
  8. ^ "No. 36572". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 June 1944. p. 2932.
  9. ^ Macintyre, Donald (1976) [1st ed 1956]. U-Boat Killer. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press (1st American ed). p. 148. ISBN 0-87021-964-2.
  10. ^ "No. 36634". The London Gazette. 28 July 1944. p. 3568.
  11. ^ London Gazette 6 January 1942
  12. ^ London Gazette 30 July 1942
  13. ^ London Gazette 22 February 1944
  14. ^ London Gazette 13 June 1944
  15. ^ London Gazette 20 June 1944

Further reading

  • Burns, Alan (1993). The Fighting Captain. ISBN 0-85052-555-1.
  • Kemp, Paul (1997). U-Boats Destroyed. ISBN 1-85409-515-3.
  • Robertson, Terence (1956). Walker, RN. London: Evans Brothers Limited.
  • van der Vat, Dan (1988). The Atlantic Campaign. ISBN 0-340-37751-8.
  • Wemyss, D. E. G. (Cmdr) (1955). Relentless Pursuit. ISBN 0-905778-89-8.

External links

Black Swan-class sloop

The Black Swan class and Modified Black Swan class were two classes of sloop of the Royal Navy and Royal Indian Navy. Twelve Black Swans were launched between 1939 and 1943, including four for the Royal Indian Navy; twenty-five Modified Black Swans were launched between 1942 and 1945, including two for the Royal Indian Navy; several other ships were cancelled.


Bootle (pronounced ) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, Merseyside, England, which in 2001 had a population of 98,449.Historically part of Lancashire, Bootle's economy and geography has been centred on the docks and their associated industries for decades. Originally a small hamlet, the mid-19th c. industrial expansion of Liverpool led to the rapid growth of Bootle following the arrival of the railroad and the construction of the docks. In the 1960s and 70s unemployment grew and population declined; recently, large-scale renewal projects were begun to regenerate the local economy.

Captain Walker

Captain Walker can mean:

Captain Frederic John Walker, a British Royal Navy Officer during World War II

Captain Joseph R. Walker, an American mountain man and scout who explored much of the western USA and is best known for charting overland routes to California.

Captain Walker, a fictional character from The Who's Tommy

Captain Walker, a fictional character alluded to in the movie Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome, whom Mel Gibson's character Max Rockatansky is mistaken for. Like the character in The Who's Tommy, this Captain Walker didn't come home either.

Captain Edward H R ("Ted") Walker, RN, a fictional character in Arthur Ransome's Swallows and Amazons series, the father of the Walker ("Swallows") children

Distinguished Service Order

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 all ranks have been eligible.

Frederick Walker

Frederick, Frederic, Friedrich or Fred Walker may refer to:

Frederick Walker (native police commandant) (died 1866), explorer

Frederick Walker (painter) (1840–1875), English painter and illustrator

Frederic John Walker (1896–1944), British naval officer

Frederic Walker (1829–1889), English cricketer

Fred Walker (entrepreneur) (1884–1935), Australian businessman, original producer of Vegemite

Mysterious Walker (Frederick Mitchell Walker, 1884–1958), American baseball pitcher and college baseball coach

Dixie Walker (Fred E. Walker, 1910–1982), American professional baseball outfielder

Fred Walker (footballer) (1938–1990), English footballer for Leeds and Huddersfield

Fred L. Walker (1887–1969), U.S. Army general in WW2, commander of the 36th Infantry Division

Frederick James Walker (1876–1914), Irish motorcycle racer

Frederick William Walker (1830–1910), English headmaster

German submarine U-131 (1941)

German submarine U-131 was a Type IXC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

Built at the DeSchiMAG AG Weser shipyard in Bremen, she was laid down on 1 September 1940, launched on 1 April 1941, and commissioned on 1 July 1941, with Korvettenkapitän Arend Baumann in command.

HMS Hesperus (H57)

HMS Hesperus was an H-class destroyer that had originally been ordered by the Brazilian Navy with the name Juruena in the late 1930s, but was bought by the Royal Navy after the beginning of World War II in September 1939, commissioned in 1940 as HMS Hearty though quickly renamed. She was damaged by German aircraft during the Norwegian Campaign in May 1940 and was assigned to convoy escort and anti-submarine patrols after her repairs were completed. The ship was assigned to the Western Approaches Command for convoy escort duties in late 1940. She was briefly assigned to Force H in 1941, but her anti-aircraft armament was deemed too weak and she was transferred to the Newfoundland Escort Force the next month for escort duties in the North Atlantic. Hesperus was transferred to the Mid-Ocean Escort Force in late 1941 and continued to escort convoys in the North Atlantic for the next three years. She was converted to an escort destroyer in early 1943 after suffering damage from one of her two ramming attacks that sank German submarines. The ship sank two other submarines during the war by more conventional means. After the end of the war, Hesperus escorted the ships carrying the Norwegian government in exile back to Norway and served as a target ship through mid-1946. She was scrapped beginning in mid-1947.

HMS Kite (U87)

HMS Kite (U87) was a Modified Black Swan-class sloop of the Royal Navy, commanded by Lt Cdr Segram RN and once commanded by the famous U-boat hunter Captain Frederic John Walker. She was one of several ships of that class that took part in the famous "six in one trip" in 1944 (in which six U-boats were sunk in one patrol).

Named after the bird of the same name, she was built at Cammell Laird shipyard, Birkenhead, on the banks of the river Mersey (she was to later to be based across the river in Gladstone Dock, Bootle). She was launched on 13 October 1942 and commissioned on 1 March 1943.

HMS Nairana (D05)

HMS Nairana () was the lead ship of the Royal Navy's Nairana-class escort carriers that saw service in the Second World War. She was built at John Brown & Company shipyards in Clydebank, Scotland. When construction started in 1941 she was intended as a merchant ship, but was completed and launched as an escort carrier, entering service at the end of 1943.

Nairana operated escorting convoys and doing anti-submarine work in the Atlantic and Arctic theatres. On 26 May 1944, Royal Navy Sea Hurricanes operating from Nairana claimed the destruction of three Junkers Ju 290s during the defence of a convoy. This represented 10 percent of the total German inventory of the type. She survived the war, and in 1946 was transferred to the Dutch Navy as the Karel Doorman (QH1), the first Dutch aircraft carrier. In 1948, she was replaced in the Dutch Navy by another vessel of the same name. Nairana was returned to the Royal Navy, and sold to the Port Line company, becoming the merchant ship Port Victor.

HMS Shikari (D85)

HMS Shikari (D85) was an Admiralty S-class destroyer of the Royal Navy. She was built by William Doxford & Sons, Sunderland and launched on 14 July 1919. She was one of the destroyers that took part in the Invergordon Mutiny. In 1933, she was briefly commanded by Frederic John Walker, who was to rise to fame as the foremost Allied submarine hunter of World War II.

On 4 June 1940, Shikari, under the command of Lt.Cdr. H.N.A. Richardson, was the last ship to leave Dunkirk.

HMS Starling (U66)

HMS Starling, pennant number U66, was a Modified Black Swan-class sloop of the Royal Navy. She was active in the Battle of the Atlantic during the Second World War and was the most successful anti-submarine warfare vessel of the Royal Navy, being credited with the destruction of fourteen U-boats.

Index of World War II articles (F)

F-34 tank gun

F Kikan

F. Burke Jones

F. F. E. Yeo-Thomas

F. F. Worthington

F. H. Maynard

F. Lorée

F. Rogues

F. Ross Holland, Jr.

F. S. Bell

F. W. Winterbotham


Förbundet Arbetarfront

F1 grenade (Russia)

Fab Morvan

Fabian Bourzat

Fabian von Schlabrendorff

Fabien Barthez

Fabien Galthié

Fabrice Abriel

Fabrice Fiorèse

Fabrice Moreau

Fabrice Pancrate

Fabrice Poullain


Faces of War

FAI armoured car

Faidherbe - Chaligny (Paris Métro)

Fairbairn-Sykes Fighting Knife

Fairchild K-20

Fairchild PT-19

Fairey Firefly

Fairey Fulmar

Fairfax Airport

Fairmont Army Airfield


Faisal of Saudi Arabia

Faithful Service Medal

Faja de Oro

Falaise pocket

Fall Grün (Czechoslovakia)

Fall of Berlin - 1945

Fall Weiss (1939)

Fallschirm-Panzer Division 1 Hermann Göring

Fallschirmjäger-Regiment Hübner


Falstad concentration camp

Faneva Imà Andriantsima

Fang Zhenwu

Fannrem concentration camp

Fantasy in the Sky


Far East Air Force (United States)

Far East Prisoners of War

Far Eastern Commission

Far Eastern Front (Soviet Union)

Far Eastern Liaison Office

Fareinigte Partizaner Organizacje

Farewell of Slavianka

Farewell to Manzanar


Farley Mowat

Farouk of Egypt

Fascism and Big Business

Fascism as an international phenomenon

Fast Attack Craft War Badge

Fast Carrier Task Force

Fat Man and Little Boy

Fat Man

Fateless (film)

Fatema Mernissi

Father (film)

Father Goose (film)

Father Jean Bernard

Father Raskin

Fatherland (novel)

Fathom Five (novel)

Fats Everett

Faurisson affair

Faux Soir

Favorite (Q195)

Fay B. Begor

Fazal Din

FBI Silvermaster File

FC Grenoble

FC Nantes

FCM 36


Featherston prisoner of war camp

February strike


Federal Expellee Law

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Fedor Dragojlov

Fedor Tokarev

Fedor von Bock

Feldafing displaced persons camp


Feldmann case

Feldzug in Polen

Felice Schragenheim

Felicity Peake

Feliks Konarski

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Felix Fechenbach

Felix Kersten

Felix L. Sparks

Felix Landau

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Felix of Bourbon-Parma

Felix Pollaczek

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Felix Stump

Felix Z. Longoria, Jr.

Fellowship of the Bellows


Female guards in Nazi concentration camps

Female roles in the world wars

Femaru 37M

Feng-Shan Ho

Feng Baiju

Feng Chian

Feng Qinzai

Feng Yuxiang

Feng Zhanhai

Feng Zhi'an

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Ferdinand de Lesseps

Ferdinand Foch

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Ferdinand Lot

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Festung Warschau

FG 42

FH Phantom

Fiat-Revelli Modello 1935

Fiat BR.20

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Fiat CR.42

Fiat G.12

Fiat G.50

Fiat G.55

Fiat L6/40

Fiat M11/39

Fiat M13/40

Fiat M14/41

Fiction based on World War II

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Fidél Pálffy

Field Army Bernolák

Field Artillery Tractor

Fieseler Fi 156

Fieseler Fi 167

Fieseler Fi 98


Fifteenth Air Force

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Fifteenth United States Army

Fifth Air Force

Fifth Army (United Kingdom)

Fifth Encirclement Campaign

Fifth Encirclement Campaign

Fifth United States Army

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Fifty-Fifth Army (Japan)

Fifty-First Army (Japan)

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Fifty-Third Army (Japan)

Fighter Ace

Fighter Pilots Conspiracy

Fighter Squadron: The Screamin' Demons Over Europe

Fighter Squadron

Fighter: The True Story of the Battle of Britain

Fighting for Freedom

Fighting Norway

Fighting Steel

Filimon Sârbu

Filip Müller

Filipe Teixeira

Filipp Oktyabrskiy

Filles du Calvaire (Paris Métro)

Filthy Thirteen

Final Impact

Final Round - WWII miniatures wargame

Final Solution

Finisterre Range campaign

Finito Benito

Finnish 3rd Division (Continuation War)

Finnish 4th Division (Winter War)

Finnish 6th Division (Continuation War)

Finnish 6th Division (Winter War)

Finnish Armoured Division

Finnish Army (1939)

Finnish coastal defence ship Ilmarinen

Finnish coastal defence ship Väinämöinen

Finnish conquest of East Karelia (1941)

Finnish Democratic Republic

Finnish frigate Hämeenmaa

Finnish frigate Matti Kurki

Finnish frigate Uusimaa

Finnish gunboat Hämeenmaa

Finnish gunboat Karjala

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Finnish gunboat Matti Kurki

Finnish gunboat Turunmaa

Finnish gunboat Uusimaa

Finnish I Corps (Winter War)

Finnish II Corps (Winter War)

Finnish III Corps (Continuation War)

Finnish III Corps (Winter War)

Finnish Infantry Regiment 200

Finnish IV Corps (Winter War)

Finnish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union

Finnish reconquest of Ladoga Karelia (1941)

Finnish reconquest of the Karelian Isthmus (1941)

Finnish Volunteer Battalion of the Waffen-SS

Finnish war children

Fire and Ice: The Winter War of Finland and Russia

Fire balloon

Fire Control Towers

Fire on the Mountain (1996 film)

Firepower (video game)

Fires on the Plain (film)

Fires on the Plain

Fires Were Started

Firmin Didot

First Air Force

First air raid on Singapore

First Allied Airborne Army

First American shots fired in World War II

First anti-Partisan offensive

First Army (Australia)

First Army (Bulgaria)

First Army (Hungary)

First Army (Italy)

First Army (United Kingdom)

First Army (Yugoslavia)

First Battalion

First Battle of El Alamein

First Battle of Sirte

First Canadian Army

First Encirclement Campaign against Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet

First Encirclement Campaign against Hubei-Henan-Shaanxi Soviet

First Encirclement Campaign against Honghu Soviet

First Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet

First Encirclement Campaign against Shaanxi-Gansu Soviet

First Indian National Army

First period of World War II

First Sisak Partisan Detachment

First Taiwan Strait Crisis

First they came...

First United Front

First United States Army Group

First United States Army

First Vienna Award

Fischia il vento

Fission Product Pilot Plant

Fitzroy Maclean

Five for Hell

Five Graves to Cairo

Flag Group

Flag of Manchukuo

Flags of Our Fathers (film)

Flags of Our Fathers

Flak Bait

Flak tower

Flakpanzer 38(t)

Flame of Liberty

Flamethrower, Portable, No 2

Flammenwerfer 35

Fleet Faction

Flemming Muus

Flensburg government

Flensburg radar detector

Fletcher Thompson

Flettner Fl 184

Flettner Fl 282


Flick Trial


Fliegerführer Afrika

Flight and expulsion of Germans from Poland during and after World War II

Flight and expulsion of Germans from Romania during and after World War II

Flight from Ashiya

Flight Lieutenant (film)

Flight of the Norwegian National Treasury

Florence American Cemetery and Memorial

Florence Delay

Florence Jaffray Harriman

Florence Kirsch Du Brul

Florence Picaut

Florent Carton Dancourt

Florentine Rost van Tonningen

Florentius Volusenus

Florian Marciniak

Florian Maurice

Florida Holocaust Museum

Florida World War II Army Airfields

Florin Bratu

Flossenbürg concentration camp

Flower-class corvette

Floyd Hicks

Floyd K. Lindstrom

Floyd Matthews

Fluctuat nec mergitur

Flugmotorenwerke Ostmark

Flugzeugträger B

Flyboys: A True Story of Courage

Flying Leathernecks

Flying Regiment 19, Finnish Air Force

Flying Regiment 4, Finnish Air Force

Flying submarine

Flying Tigers (film)

Flying Tigers

FM 24/29 light machine gun


Führer Begleit Brigade

Führer Grenadier Brigade

Führer Headquarters




Fürstengrube subcamp


Focke-Wulf Fw 187

Focke-Wulf Fw 189

Focke-Wulf Fw 190

Focke-Wulf Fw 191

Focke-Wulf Fw 200

Focke-Wulf Fw 300

Focke-Wulf Fw 42

Focke-Wulf Fw 44

Focke-Wulf Fw 56

Focke-Wulf Fw 57

Focke-Wulf Fw 58

Focke-Wulf Fw 61

Focke-Wulf Project I

Focke-Wulf Project II

Focke-Wulf Project III

Focke-Wulf Project VII

Focke-Wulf Project VIII

Focke-Wulf Ta 152

Focke-Wulf Ta 153

Focke-Wulf Ta 154

Focke-Wulf Ta 183

Focke-Wulf Ta 283

Focke-Wulf Ta 400

Focke-Wulfe Fw 57

Focke Achgelis Fa 223

Focke Achgelis Fa 330

Fodil Hadjadj

Fog Investigation and Dispersal Operation (FIDO)

Foibe massacres

Fokker A.I

Fokker B.I (1915)

Fokker B.II (1916)

Fokker C.I

Fokker D.I

Fokker D.II

Fokker D.III

Fokker D.IV

Fokker D.V

Fokker D.VI

Fokker D.VII

Fokker D.VIII

Fokker Dr.I

Fokker E.I

Fokker E.II

Fokker E.III

Fokker E.IV

Fokker F.I (1917)

Fokker K.I

Fokker M.16

Fokker M.5

Fokker M.7

Fokker V.1

Fokker V.17

Fokker V.2

Fokker V.27

Fokker V.4

Fokker V.6

Fokker V.7

Fokker V.9

Folies Bergère

Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques

Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Shoah

Fontaine-Michalon (Paris RER)

Foo fighter

Food for Fighters

Forbes Howie

Forbidden (1984 film)

Forbidden Games

Force 10 from Navarone (film)

Force 10 From Navarone (novel)

Force 136

Force Acts

Force K

Forced labor in Germany during World War II

Forced labor of Germans in the Soviet Union

Forced labor of Hungarians in the Soviet Union

Forced Landing

Forced prostitution in German armed forces

Ford Fordor

Ford GPA

Ford Island

Foreign Economic Administration

Foreign forced labor in the Soviet Union

Foreign relations of Vichy France

Foreign U-Boats

Forest Brothers

Forest of the Gods

Forest of the Martyrs

Forest swastika

Forgiving Dr. Mengele

Forgotten Voices of the Second World War

Formations of the United States Army during World War II

Former Indian National Army Monument

Forrest B. Royal

Forrest E. Everhart

Forrest E. Peden

Forrest L. Vosler

Forrest Pogue

Forrest S. Petersen

Fort Banks

Fort Bell Army Airfield

Fort Breendonk

Fort d'Aubervilliers (Paris Métro)

Fort Devens, Massachusetts

Fort Hommet 10.5 cm Coastal Defence Gun Casement Bunker

Fort Lincoln Internment Camp

Fort Missoula Internment Camp

Fort Stockton-Pecos County Airport

Fortieth Army (Japan)

Fortunes of War (tv series)

Forty-First Army (Japan)

Forty-Fourth Army (Japan)

Forty-Third Army (Japan)

Foster Furcolo

Fotis Kafatos

Fouad Bouguerra

Four-Power Authorities

Four Chaplains

Four Freedoms (Norman Rockwell)

Four Freedoms Monument

Four Freedoms

Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (film)

Four Policemen

Four Year Plan

Fourteenth Air Force

Fourteenth Army (United Kingdom)

Fourteenth United States Army

Fourth Air Force

Fourth Army (National Revolutionary Army)

Fourth Army (United Kingdom)

Fourth Encirclement Campaign against Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet

Fourth Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet

Fourth strategic offensive

Fourth United States Army

Fousseni Diawara

Fox Armoured Car

Fox on the Rhine


Foxhall P. Keene

Foy Draper

Foyle's War

FP-45 Liberator

FR Suffren

Frøslev Prison Camp

Fragmentation grenade wz.1933

Fran Albreht

Franc Frakelj

Franc Rozman

France Antelme

France Bloch-Serazin

France Falls

France Gall

France in the twentieth century

Frane Katalinić

Francesco De Martini

Francesco Domenico Chiarello

Francesco Mimbelli

Francine Neago

Francis (1950 film)

Francis Anthony Blair Fasson

Francis Arthur Jefferson

Francis B. Wai

Francis Balle

Francis Biddle

Francis Burchell

Francis C. Flaherty

Francis Cammaerts

Francis Cherry

Francis Clark Howell

Francis Crick

Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe

Francis E. Walter

Francis Festing

Francis G. Slack

Francis George Miles

Francis Grevemberg

Francis H. McAdams

Francis Hassett

Francis Hunter

Francis J. Clark

Francis Junior Pierce

Francis Llacer

Francis P. Matthews

Francis Piasecki

Francis Poulenc

Francis Pym

Francis Pélissier

Francis Rodd, 2nd Baron Rennell

Francis S. Currey

Francis Simon

Francis Smerecki

Francis Steinmetz

Francis Stuart

Francis Suttill

Francis Tuker

Francis W. Nye

Francis Wilson (rugby union footballer)

Francis X. McGraw

Francisc Panet

Francisco Boix

Francisco Franco

Francisco Mercado, Jr.

Franciszek Błażej

Franciszek Gajowniczek

Franciszek Gruszka

Franciszek Kleeberg

Franciszek Pokorny

Franciszek Szymczyk

Franck Dja Djedje

Franck Gava

Franck Report

Franck Signorino

Franco-Polish Military Alliance

Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance

Franco Bordoni

Franco Nones


Franja Partisan Hospital

Franjo Džal

Franjo Šimić

Franjo Kluz

Franjo Tuđman

Frank A. Armstrong

Frank Barlow (Coronation Street)

Frank Beaurepaire

Frank Bell (educator)

Frank Bleichman

Frank Bonilla

Frank Buckles

Frank Burke (Medal of Honor recipient)

Frank Byers

Frank Capra

Frank Church

Frank Crowther Roberts

Frank D. Peregory

Frank Durbin

Frank E. Rodgers

Frank F. Everest

Frank Foley

Frank G. Clement

Frank Gerald Blaker

Frank Goettge

Frank H. Ono

Frank Herbert

Frank Horton Berryman

Frank Hughes (sport shooter)

Frank Hussey

Frank J. Jirka, Jr.

Frank J. Petrarca

Frank Jack Fletcher

Frank Jarvis

Frank John Partridge

Frank Kelly Freas

Frank Kendall Everest, Jr.

Frank Knox

Frank Kowalski

Frank Kriz

Frank Kurtz

Frank Lautenberg

Frank Lilley

Frank M. Clark

Frank M. Coffin

Frank MacKey

Frank Mancuso

Frank Margerin

Frank Maxwell Andrews

Frank Merrill

Frank Messer

Frank Messervy

Frank Minis Johnson

Frank Murphy

Frank N. Ikard

Frank N. Mitchell

Frank Newhook

Frank O'Hara

Frank O. Slater

Frank Oppenheimer

Frank P. Witek

Frank Pace

Frank Pantridge

Frank Pickersgill

Frank Press

Frank Pullen

Frank R. Walker

Frank Reginald Carey

Frank Renouf

Frank Rosenfelt

Frank Ryan (Irish republican)

Frank S. Besson, Jr.

Frank Sheeran

Frank Spedding

Frank Steer

Frank Sutton

Frank Tripucka

Frank W. Mayborn

Frank W. Milburn

Frank Walus

Frank William Foster

Frank Wisner

Frank Woodrow O’Flaherty

Frankfurt Auschwitz Trials

Frankie Albert

Frankie Yankovic

Franklin A. Hart

Franklin Charles Gimson

Franklin D. Roosevelt (Paris Métro)

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr.

Franklin E. Sigler

Franklin Littell

Franklin Sousley

Franklin Van Valkenburgh

Frankolovo crime

Franky Vercauteren

František Fajtl

František Janda-Suk

František Moravec

František Peřina

Frantz Reichel

Franz-Josef Beerenbrock

Franz Aigner (weightlifter)

Franz Alt (mathematician)

Franz Altheim

Franz Anton Basch

Franz Augsberger

Franz Böckli

Franz Böhme

Franz Bürkl

Franz Buchner

Franz Burri

Franz Bäke

Franz Dörr

Franz Duhne

Franz Eisenach

Franz Gürtner

Franz Griesbach

Franz Halder

Franz Hayler

Franz Hofer

Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein

Franz Jägerstätter

Franz Kaufmann

Franz Kemper

Franz Künstler

Franz Kröwerath

Franz Kraus

Franz Krienbühl

Franz Krumm

Franz Kutschera

Franz Leopold Neumann

Franz Liebkind

Franz Machon

Franz Mesmer

Franz Pfeffer von Salomon

Franz Rademacher

Franz Reizenstein

Franz Ritter von Epp

Franz Ruff

Franz Schall

Franz Schiess

Franz Schlegelberger

Franz Schwede

Franz Seldte

Franz Six

Franz Stangl

Franz Stock

Franz von Papen

Franz von Werra

Franz Walter Stahlecker

Franz Xaver Schwarz

Franz Ziereis

Franz, Duke of Bavaria

François-Auguste Parseval-Grandmaison

François-Eudes de Mézeray

François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg

François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis

François-Joseph-Philippe de Riquet

François-Joseph Talma

François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois

François-René de Chateaubriand

François-Timoléon de Choisy

François-Urbain Domergue

François-Xavier-Joseph Droz

François Andrieux

François Arago

François Barois

François Boucher

François Brandt

François Brisson

François Charpentier

François Cheng

François Christophe de Kellermann

François Connan

François Coppée

François Coty

François Couperin

François Darlan

François Dauverné

François de Beauvilliers, 1st duc de Saint-Aignan

François de Callières

François de Clermont-Tonnerre

François de Harlay de Champvallon

François de La Mothe Le Vayer

François de La Rocque

François de Neufchâteau

François Debeauvais

François Ducaud-Bourget

François Duprat

François Furet

François Félix

François Fénelon

François Gangloff

François Guizot

François Jacob

François Joseph Lefebvre

François Juste Marie Raynouard

François Le Leve

François le Métel de Boisrobert

François Lemasson

François M'Pelé

François Magendie

François Maspero

François Mauriac

François Maynard

François Mignet

François Mitterrand

François Nourissier

François Ponsard

François Pétis de la Croix

François Simiand

François Spirito

François Tristan l'Hermite

François Truffaut

François Villon

Françoise-Marguerite de Sévigné

Françoise d'Eaubonne

Françoise Dior

Françoise Dorléac

Françoise Hardy

Françoise Héritier

Françoise Rosay

Frascati bombing raid September 8, 1943

Frau Solf Tea Party


Fred A. Leuchter

Fred Anton Maier

Fred B. Rooney

Fred Baker

Fred Bardshar

Fred Blassie

Fred Chaney, senior

Fred Cogswell

Fred Dutton

Fred Faulkner Lester

Fred Fisher (lawyer)

Fred Hargesheimer

Fred J. Christensen

Fred Jones (comics)

Fred Kenneth Moore

Fred Kite

Fred Korematsu

Fred Lauer

Fred Marsh

Fred O'Conner

Fred Tootell

Fred Tuttle

Fred Wander

Fred Wick

Freddie Anderson

Freddie Cox

Freddie de Guingand

Freddie Spencer Chapman

Freddy Schmidt

Frederic Bennett

Frederic H. Smith, Jr.

Frederic John Walker

Frederic Seebohm, Baron Seebohm

Frederic Tuten

Frederic Wake-Walker

Frederick Agnew Gill

Frederick Albert Tilston

Frederick Ashworth

Frederick Augustus Irving

Frederick B. Dent

Frederick Bayer

Frederick Bowhill

Frederick Boylstein

Frederick Browning

Frederick C. Bock

Frederick C. Murphy

Frederick Charles Adler

Frederick Christian (cricketer)

Frederick Corfield

Frederick Cuming

Frederick Curtice Davis

Frederick Cushing Cross, Jr.

Frederick Dalrymple-Hamilton

Frederick E. Morgan

Frederick Etchen

Frederick Freake

Frederick Funston-class attack transport

Frederick George Topham

Frederick Gordon-Lennox, 9th Duke of Richmond

Frederick J. Clarke

Frederick J. Karch

Frederick Kisch

Frederick Kroesen

Frederick Lane

Frederick Leathers, 1st Viscount Leathers

Frederick Lois Riefkohl

Frederick Luke

Frederick Moloney

Frederick Moosbrugger

Frederick Mulley

Frederick Nolting

Frederick Ponsonby, 10th Earl of Bessborough

Frederick Randall

Frederick Rosier

Frederick Sanger

Frederick Sheffield

Frederick Styles Agate

Frederick Thornton Peters

Frederick W. Mote

Frederick Walker Castle

Frederick Warner (diplomat)

Frederick Warren Purdy

Frederick William Kaltenbach

Frederick William Palmer

Fredric Landelius

Fredric Warburg

Fredrik Jensen

Free Belgian Forces

Free China (Second Sino-Japanese War)

Free French Air Force

Free French Forces

Free French Naval Air Service

Free French Naval Forces

Free Republic of Schwarzenberg

Free Society of Teutonia

Free Thai Movement

Free World (World War II)

Freedom Comes High

Freedom from Fear (painting)

Freedom from Want (painting)

Freedom of Speech (painting)

Freedom to Worship (painting)

Freeman Barnardo

Freeman Dyson

Freeman Field Mutiny

Freeman V. Horner

Freiberg subcamp

French-Canadian Brigade

French-Thai War

French 9th Armoured Company (World War II)

French Academy of Sciences

French aircraft carrier Béarn

French and European Nationalist Party

French armoured fighting vehicle production during World War II

French battleship Bretagne

French battleship Courbet (1911)

French battleship Dunkerque

French battleship Jean Bart (1940)

French battleship Lorraine

French battleship Paris

French battleship Provence

French battleship Richelieu

French battleship Strasbourg

French Committee of National Liberation

French corvette Aconit

French Crown Jewels

French cruiser Émile Bertin

French cruiser Algérie

French cruiser Colbert (1928)

French cruiser Duguay-Trouin

French cruiser Dupleix

French cruiser Duquesne

French cruiser Foch

French cruiser Georges Leygues

French cruiser Gloire (1935)

French cruiser Jean de Vienne

French cruiser Jeanne d'Arc (1930)

French cruiser La Galissonnière

French cruiser Lamotte-Piquet

French cruiser Marseillaise (1935)

French cruiser Montcalm

French cruiser Pluton

French cruiser Primauguet (1924)

French cruiser Suffren

French cruiser Tourville

French destroyer La Combattante

French destroyer Le Fantasque

French destroyer Le Terrible

French destroyer Le Triomphant

French destroyer Maillé Brézé (1933)

French destroyer Ouragan

French films of 1944

French Forces of the Interior

French frigate Oise

French Open (tennis)

French Resistance

French submarine Curie (P67)

Fresno Yosemite International Airport

Freundeskreis der Wirtschaft

Freya radar

Freya Stark

Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin

Frieda Belinfante

Frieda Jahnke

Friedhelm Busse

Friedl Dicker-Brandeis

Friedrich-Karl "Nasen" Müller

Friedrich-Karl "Tutti" Müller

Friedrich-Paul von Groszheim

Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock

Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller

Friedrich (novel)

Friedrich Adler (artist)

Friedrich Aue

Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte

Friedrich Beckh

Friedrich Bernhard

Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin

Friedrich Bonte

Friedrich Born

Friedrich Christiansen

Friedrich Dollmann

Friedrich Franz, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Friedrich Fromm

Friedrich Geisshardt

Friedrich Graf von Wrangel

Friedrich Gustav Jaeger

Friedrich Hildebrandt

Friedrich Hirzebruch

Friedrich Hoßbach

Friedrich Hollaender

Friedrich Jeckeln

Friedrich Körner

Friedrich Karl Florian

Friedrich Kellner

Friedrich Kirchner

Friedrich Klausing

Friedrich Krüger

Friedrich Lang

Friedrich Lüthi

Friedrich Lorenz

Friedrich Materna

Friedrich Mauz

Friedrich Meinecke

Friedrich Münzer

Friedrich Obleser

Friedrich Olbricht

Friedrich Panse

Friedrich Paulus

Friedrich Pein

Friedrich Peter

Friedrich Rainer

Friedrich Ruge

Friedrich Schulz

Friedrich Syrup

Friedrich T. Noltenius

Friedrich Thielen

Friedrich von Mellenthin

Friedrich Weber

Friedrich Wegener

Friedrich Werner von der Schulenburg

Friedrich Wilhelm Kritzinger

Friedrichshafen FF.29

Friedrichshafen FF.31

Friedrichshafen FF.33

Friedrichshafen FF.34

Friedrichshafen FF.35

Friedrichshafen FF.40

Friedrichshafen FF.41

Friedrichshafen FF.43

Friedrichshafen FF.48

Friedrichshafen FF.49

Friedrichshafen FF.53

Friedrichshafen FF.64

Friedrichshafen G.I

Friedrichshafen G.II

Friedrichshafen G.III

Friedrichshafen G.IV

Friends' Ambulance Unit

Friends of New Germany

Friesack Camp


Frikorps Danmark

Fritjof Hillén

Frits Clausen

Frits Philips

Fritz-Dietlof von der Schulenburg

Fritz-Hubert Gräser

Fritz-Rudolf Schultz

Fritz Bayerlein

Fritz Bracht

Fritz Busch

Fritz Christen

Fritz Fischer (medical doctor)

Fritz Fischer

Fritz Frauenheim

Fritz Fullriede

Fritz G. A. Kraemer

Fritz Gerlich

Fritz Grünbaum

Fritz Hagmann

Fritz Hartjenstein

Fritz Hippler

Fritz Hünenberger

Fritz Houtermans

Fritz John

Fritz Joubert Duquesne

Fritz Julius Kuhn

Fritz Katzmann

Fritz Klein (Nazi)

Fritz Klingenberg

Fritz Knoechlein

Fritz Kolbe

Fritz Krämer

Fritz Lenz

Fritz Lüddecke

Fritz Losigkeit

Fritz Manteuffel

Fritz Morzik

Fritz Nachmann

Fritz Pfeffer

Fritz Pröll

Fritz Reinhardt

Fritz Rumey

Fritz Sauckel

Fritz Stern

Fritz Stiedry

Fritz Strassmann

Fritz ter Meer

Fritz Thiele

Fritz Thyssen

Fritz Todt

Fritz von Scholz

Fritz Walter

Fritz Wendel

Fritz Witt

Fritz X

Frode Jakobsen

Frode Kirkebjerg

From Here to Eternity (novel)

From Here to Eternity

From Swastika to Jim Crow

Fromental Halévy

Frommer Stop

Front (Soviet Army)

Front de Seine

Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe

Front Lot (Walt Disney Studios Park)


Frontierland Shootin' Arcade



Frédéric Alfred Pierre, comte de Falloux

Frédéric Chopin

Frédéric Da Rocha

Frédéric de Courcy

Frédéric Déhu

Frédéric Joliot-Curie

Frédéric Masson

Frédéric Vitoux

Fräulein (1958 film)

Fu Zuoyi

Fubuki-class destroyer

Fuchi (Qiandaohu) class

Fugu Plan


Fuji-class battleship

Fukuromachi Elementary School Peace Museum


Fukushima Yasumasa

Fulgence Bienvenüe

Fulgencio Batista

Full House (aircraft)

Fuller Warren

Fulton Mackay

Fumimaro Konoe

Functionalism versus intentionalism

Fundusz Obrony Narodowej

Furietti Centaurs

Furman L. Smith

Furutaka-class cruiser

Fury in the Pacific

Fusanosuke Kuhara

Fusō-class battleship

Fusu (Nancang) class

Fuzzy wuzzy angels


Fyodor Isodorovich Kuznetsov

Fyodor Tolbukhin

Fântâna Albă massacre

Félicien-César David

Félicien Marceau

Félix Éboué

Félix Bédouret

Félix Dupanloup

Félix Faure

Félix Ziem

Féodor Atkine

Färit Yarullin

List of people buried at sea

This is a list of people buried at sea

Richard B. Anderson (1922–1944)

John Carradine (1906–1988)

Francis Drake (1540–1596)

Captain James Cook (1728–1779)

George Duff (1764–1805)

Frank Watson Dyson (1868–1939)

Zheng He (1371–1433/35)


Zachary Hickes (d. 1771), first lieutenant aboard HMS Endeavour on its voyage to Australia

Sir Arthur Kennedy (1809–1883)

Christopher Levett (1586–1630)

William Lowndes (1782-1822), U.S. Congressman from South Carolina

James Martin (Australian soldier) (1901–1915)

Atholl MacGregor (1883-1945), Chief Justice of Hong Kong

Edwina Mountbatten, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1901–1960)

Michael Parks (1940-2017)

Christian Ferdinand Schiess (1856–1884)

Frederic John Walker Royal Navy (1896–1944)

Dennis Wilson (1944–1983)


Alan Young (1919-2016)

Following the death of Osama bin Laden (1957–2011), he was buried at sea. One U.S. official stated that "finding a country willing to accept the remains of the world's most wanted terrorist would have been difficult." It was also done to prevent his burial place from becoming a "terrorist shrine".


In warfare, ramming is a technique used in air, sea, and land combat. The term originated from battering ram, a siege weapon used to bring down fortifications by hitting it with the force of the ram's momentum, and ultimately from male sheep. Thus, in warfare, ramming refers to hitting a target by running oneself into the target.

Today, hand-held battering rams are one tool among many used by law enforcement and military personnel for door breaching. Forcible entry by criminals has been implemented using such methods as vehicles rammed into buildings.

Royal Naval College, Osborne

The Royal Naval College, Osborne, was a training college for Royal Navy officer cadets on the Osborne House estate, Isle of Wight, established in 1903 and closed in 1921.

Boys were admitted at about the age of thirteen to follow a course lasting for six academic terms before proceeding to the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth.

Some formal appointments to the college were to HMS Racer, a vessel attached to the college, previously the tender to HMS Britannia.


In the 18th century and most of the 19th, a sloop-of-war in the Royal Navy was a warship with a single gun deck that carried up to eighteen guns. The rating system covered all vessels with 20 guns and above; thus, the term sloop-of-war encompassed all the unrated combat vessels, including the very small gun-brigs and cutters. In technical terms, even the more specialised bomb vessels and fireships were classed as sloops-of-war, and in practice these were employed in the sloop role when not carrying out their specialized functions.

In World War I and World War II, the Royal Navy reused the term "sloop" for specialized convoy-defence vessels, including the Flower class of World War I and the highly successful Black Swan class of World War II, with anti-aircraft and anti-submarine capability.

USS Donnell (DE-56)

USS Donnell (DE-56), a Buckley-class destroyer escort of the United States Navy, was named in honor of Ensign Earl Roe Donnell (1918–1942), who was killed in action while serving in Scouting Squadron 6 aboard the aircraft carrier Enterprise (CV-6) during an attack on the Marshall Islands on 6 February 1942.

Donnell was laid down on 27 November 1942 at the Bethlehem Steel Company shipyard, at Hingham, Massachusetts, launched on 13 March 1943, sponsored by Mrs. E. R. Donnell, mother of Ensign Donnell, and commissioned on 26 June 1943, with Lieutenant Commander F. C. Billings, USNR, in command.

Wolfgang Heyda

Wolfgang Heyda (14 November 1913 – 21 August 1947) was a German U-boat commander during World War II.

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