Frederic Ives Lord

Frederic Ives Lord (April 18, 1897 – July 21, 1967) or sometimes Frederick Ives Lord, was a captain, a World War I flying ace, and a soldier of fortune who fought in five wars.[1]

Frederic Ives Lord
Frederic Ives Lord (circa 1920)
circa 1918-1920
BornApril 18, 1897
Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States
DiedJuly 21, 1967 (aged 70)
Apple Valley, California
Place of burial
Victor Valley Memorial Park,Victorville, California
Allegiance United States  United Kingdom
Service/branchRoyal Air Force (United Kingdom)
RankCaptain
UnitRoyal Air Force
Battles/warsWorld War I Victory Medal ribbon.svg
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg
World War I
Russian Civil War
Mexican Revolution
Spanish Civil War
World War II
AwardsDistinguished Flying Cross
Order of Saint Stanislas

Early years

He was born on April 18, 1897[2] in Manitowoc, Wisconsin to Alma Mueller (1876-?) and Alman Ivory Lord (1859-?). Some sources list his birth as April 8, 1900.[3][4][5] He had two siblings: Lucia Lord (1902-?); and Zayda Lord (1905-?).[6] By 1910 he was living with his maternal grandparents: Lena (1856-?) and Fred Mueller (1847-?).[2][7][8] By 1917 Fred and his mother and siblings were living in Houston, Texas, and by 1920 his mother was a widow.[9]

World War I

Frederic Ives Lord circa 1914-1918
Lord circa 1914-1918
Frederic Ives Lord and his Sopwith Dolphin (April of 1918)
Lord with his Sopwith Dolphin in April 1918

According to one story, Lord enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1917, but was discharged from the 3rd Texas Infantry when it was learned that he was only 17 years old. However, in 1917, he would have been 20. Whatever his reason, he went to Toronto, Ontario, Canada where he joined the Royal Flying Corps. He had to renounce his American citizenship on May 25, 1917:

I was born in the town of Manitowoc in the state of Wisconsin, one of the United States of America ... I have come to the city of Toronto from Houston, Texas, for the express purpose of enlisting and entering the Royal Flying Corps of the Canadian Army for service overseas. And I do hereby solemnly declare my purpose and intention to become a British subject and I do hereby renounce my citizenship as a Citizen of the United States of America. ...[10]

After completing his training in England, he joined 79 Squadron in France. Flying a Sopwith Dolphin, Lord became an ace along with four other pilots in the squadron: Francis W. Gillet, Ronald Bannerman, John McNeaney, and Edgar Taylor.[11] On June 27, 1918, Lord shot down an Albatros D.V as his third kill. On his return to the airfield, he saw an allied formation engaged with several Pfalz scouts. He joined in and shot down a Fokker Dr.I, and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.[12] He rose to the position of flight commander before being wounded in October.[1] His final score in World War I was an observation balloon and eight aircraft claimed destroyed, three 'out of control'.[13]

Russian civil war

He served with RAF forces during the Allied Intervention in Russia in 1919, earning a bar to his Distinguished Flying Cross when on June 27, 1919, while piloting an RE.8, he found the position of the enemy on the Pinega River, four versts from Pilegori, and "attacked the moving columns from a height of 200 feet with such effect that their transport was stampeded and their expected attack broke down, without any casualties being sustained by our forces."[14]

Mexican Revolution

Leaving the RAF in November 1919, between the wars, he was a barnstormer and an to the Mexican air force during the Mexican Revolution. By 1927, he was living in New York City and was using the Chrysler Building as his address. Traveling with him was Constance E. (1901- ) who was listed as his wife.[15] By July 1937, he was married to a woman named Mildred.[16]

Spanish Civil War

He flew on the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War with Bert Acosta and Eddie August Schneider in the Yankee Squadron, flying Breguet two-seaters through 1936.[17]

I've had a wing fold up at a thousand feet while sitting on a dud parachute. I've been backed up against a wall looking down the rifle barrels of a firing squad. I've felt the automatic of my own commanding officer poked in my ribs. While being smuggled from Spain into France to visit my wife, I've had a speed boat pilot killed by Fascist bullets in the Bay of Biscay. I've fought half a dozen German pursuit planes in the air with an orchestra leader as a gunner. And of all places to be during a bomb raid I was there - locked up in jail - and with my wife. And these events have not been an accumulation of my war service in France, or Russia, or Mexico, but happened during the past few months while serving as a pilot with the Government forces in Spain. ... A Spanish pilot, Jose Galarza, bailed out from a crippled ship, during a fight, and landed safely in Franco's line. But the next day a Junker bomber droned over our field and dropped a box. It contained the chopped up cadaver of Jose ... Lafayette! Pulaski! Rochambeau! Who were they? Glorious foreign volunteers who aided us in time of need. We name bridges, boats, and towns after them now. Our kids read about them in our histories. ... And over in Spain foreign volunteers are fighting that a friendly democratic nation may survive. In most instances those volunteers came from the army of unemployed in their countries where they were without hope. In all cases they are highly skilled technical men. Their hope is a new lease on life; but the usual reward has been a nameless grave. ...[10]

World War II

During World War II, he tried to join the RAF again; it is said he got so far as to be assigned to his old squadron before the authorities caught up with him. Instead, he joined the Air Transport Auxiliary that transported aircraft to England.[1] On January 3, 1941 he wrote his sister Lucia discussing his upcoming eye surgery:

... and in less than a week now, I get the eye sliced up. And I know it'll be a success. Pray for me at 4pm on the tenth, will you. So here's hoping that when they take the bandages off on about the 20th, my eye will function… Ah just ain't got the dough for the hospital on the tenth. If can't get it - well, then no operation as can't ask the doctor to actually fork out money for me in addition. So, sister, please see what you can do in addition to the usual ten-spot, will you please? And let me have it by Wednesday." [Lord goes on to explain that he will soon be able to pay her back and will no longer be a financial burden to her because] a group of Chinese saw me today and want to take lessons from me and will even pay for a ship as soon as the eye is okay. Private flying, govt. jobs, city and state jobs - all waiting.[18]

Death

In 1967, he was murdered by a vagrant in Apple Valley, California.[2][8][19]

Archive

  • His archive was held by the Raab Collection. There are over a hundred photographs taken during the 1917-1919 period, some showing Lord with his plane; and a typescript entitled The Pilot and the Farmer's Daughter, which is an article about a love affair he had with a French woman while stationed in France during World War I. Lord was keen to write, and penned several articles on his experiences during the many wars in which he participated. There is no evidence any of these pieces were ever published. This manuscript, entitled So I'm a Military Prostitute, chronicles his experiences as a so-called soldier for hire (but actually a dedicated sympathizer) fighting alongside the Republican forces in the Spanish Civil War. Later in his life, he also approached movie production companies in the hopes that his story would be turned into a feature film.[18]

Publications

  • More Close Calls in Russia, Flying Aces magazine, March 1937. Describes his exploits in Russia before the Armistice.
  • I Dabbled With Death in Russia, Flying Aces magazine, December 1936.
  • I Faced Death in Spanish Skies, Flying Aces magazine, July 1937
  • Spain HAS Witnessed a Modern Air War! Flying Aces magazine, August 1938

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c American Aces of World War 1. p. 40.
  2. ^ a b c Social Security Death Index; Social Security Number 105209061; Frederic Lord; b. 18 April 1897; d. July 1967 92307 (Apple Valley, San Bernardino, CA)
  3. ^ Franks, Norman (2001). American Aces of World War I. ISBN 1-84176-375-6. Archived from the original on July 7, 2014. Note: This book uses the April 8, 1900 birth date
  4. ^ Franks, Norman (2001). Dolphin and Snipe Aces of World War I. ISBN 1-84176-317-9. Archived from the original on November 11, 2014. Note: This book uses the April 8, 1900 birth date
  5. ^ 1900 US Census; Manitowoc, Wisconsin with Lords and Muellers showing he was three years old in the year 1900
  6. ^ There is a Zayda Lord, a performer, in New York City in 1927-1928
  7. ^ 1910 US Census; Manitowoc, Wisconsin with Lords and Muellers
  8. ^ a b California Death Index; Social Security Number 105209061; Mother's maiden name is "Miller"; died on July 21, 1967
  9. ^ 1920 US Census; Manitowoc, Wisconsin with Lords in Texas
  10. ^ a b Raab Collection: Frederic Ives Lord auction of Spring 2006
  11. ^ "79 Squadron". theaerodrome.com. Retrieved February 19, 2010.
  12. ^ Distinguished Flying Cross citation; Supplement to the London Gazette, 2 November 1918
  13. ^ "Frederic Lord". theaerodrome.com. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
  14. ^ Distinguished Flying Cross Bar citation, Supplement to the London Gazette, 18 November 1919
  15. ^ New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957; October 11, 1927 aboard the Mayaro with Frederic and Constance returning to New York City.
  16. ^ "Major Frederic I. Lord, World War ace and veteran soldier of fortune, and his wife, Mildred Lord". Oakland Tribune. July 25, 1937.
  17. ^ "Meeting of the American League Against War and Fascism, 846 Seventh Avenue, 8:30 p.m. "Combat flying for the Spanish Loyalists," Major Frederic I. Lord". New York Times. September 15, 1937.
  18. ^ a b Raab Collection: Frederic Ives Lord auction catalog 53 Archived 2006-10-10 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "Frederic Ives Lord". Retrieved February 16, 2007. This source lists him as born on April 8, 1900 and dead in Los Angeles, California

Bibliography

American Aces of World War 1 Harry Dempsey. Osprey Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84176-375-6, ISBN 978-1-84176-375-0.

Bert Acosta

Bertrand Blanchard Acosta (January 1, 1895 – September 1, 1954) was a record-setting aviator. With Clarence D. Chamberlin they set an endurance record of 51 hours, 11 minutes, and 25 seconds in the air. He later flew in the Spanish Civil War in the Yankee Squadron. He was known as the "bad boy of the air". He received numerous fines and suspensions for flying stunts such as flying under bridges or flying too close to buildings.

Eddie August Schneider

Eddie August Henry Schneider (October 20, 1911 – December 23, 1940) was an American aviator who set three transcontinental airspeed records for pilots under the age of twenty-one in 1930. His plane was a Cessna Model AW with a Warner-Scarab engine, one of only 48 built, that he called "The Kangaroo". He set the east-to-west, then the west-to-east, and the combined round trip record. He was the youngest certificated pilot in the United States, and the youngest certified airplane mechanic. He was a pilot in the Spanish Civil War in the Yankee Squadron. He died in an airplane crash in 1940, while training another pilot, when a Boeing-Stearman Model 75 belonging to the United States Navy Reserve overtook him and clipped his plane's tail at Floyd Bennett Field.

Frederick Lord

Frederick or Frederic Lord may refer to:

Frederick William Lord (1800–1860), American United States Representative from New York

Frederic Ives Lord (1897–1967), British pilot

Frederic Lord (1886–1945), English choir director, teacher, organist, and composer

Frederick Lord (Queensland politician) (1841–1914), member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly

Frederick Lord (athlete) (1879–?), British track and field athlete

Frederic M. Lord (1912–2000), psychometrician

List of World War I aces credited with 11–14 victories

The term "ace" (now commonly flying ace) was first used by French newspapers during World War I, describing Adolphe Pégoud as l'as (the ace), after he downed five German aircraft. When aircraft began to shoot or force down other aircraft, systems to count "air victories" were subsequently developed. The American qualification of five victories eventually became the standard, even though other air services had previously used differing figures.While "ace" status was most often won by fighter pilots, bomber and reconnaissance crews, and observers in two-seater aircraft such as the Bristol F.2b (Bristol Fighter), also destroyed enemy aircraft. If a two-seater aircraft destroyed an aircraft, both crew members were credited with a victory. Because pilots usually teamed with differing observer/gunners in two-seater aircraft, an observer might be an ace when his pilot was not, and vice versa. The few aces among combat aviators have historically accounted for the majority of air-to-air victories in military history.Loss of records by mischance and the passage of time complicates reconstructing the actual count for given aces. The scores presented in the list cannot be definitive, but are based on itemized lists that are the best available sources of information. Aces are listed after verifying the date and location of combat, and the foe vanquished, for every victory accredited by an aviator's home air service using their own aerial victory standards. Those victories for which the evidence is unavailable or fragmentary have been excluded from the victory count.

List of World War I flying aces from the British Empire

The following aviators from the British Empire were credited with five or more aerial victories during World War I. This list is complete.

List of World War I flying aces from the United States

The following is a list of flying aces from the United States of America who served in World War I

List of mercenaries

This is a list of mercenaries. It includes foreign volunteers, private military contractors, and other "soldiers of fortune".

Manitowoc, Wisconsin

Manitowoc is a city in and the county seat of Manitowoc County, Wisconsin, United States. The city is located on Lake Michigan at the mouth of the Manitowoc River. According to the 2010 census, Manitowoc had a population of 33,736, with over 50,000 residents in the surrounding communities. The city's sister city is Kamogawa, Japan.

No. 79 Squadron RAF

No. 79 Squadron was a squadron of the Royal Air Force.

Ronald Bannerman

Air Commodore Ronald Burns Bannerman was a flying ace during World War I, as well as serving as a high level administrator for his native New Zealand's air force during World War II.

Yankee Squadron

The Yankee Squadron was a group of mercenary American military aviators who flew for the Spanish Republican Air Force, during the Spanish Civil War.

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