Fred Hutchinson

Frederick Charles Hutchinson (August 12, 1919 – November 12, 1964) was an American professional baseball player, a major league pitcher for the Detroit Tigers, and the manager for three major league teams.[1][2][3]

Born and raised in Seattle, Washington, Hutchinson was stricken with fatal lung cancer at the height of his managerial career as leader of the pennant-contending 1964 Cincinnati Reds. He was commemorated one year after his death when his surgeon brother, Dr. William Hutchinson (1909–1997), created the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, as a division of the Pacific Northwest Research Foundation. The "Fred Hutch", which became independent in 1975, is now one of the best-known facilities of its kind in the world.

Fred Hutchinson
Fred Hutchinson 1953
Hutchinson in 1953 with the Detroit Tigers.
Pitcher / Manager
Born: August 12, 1919
Seattle, Washington
Died: November 12, 1964 (aged 45)
Bradenton, Florida
Batted: Left Threw: Right
MLB debut
May 2, 1939, for the Detroit Tigers
Last MLB appearance
September 27, 1953, for the Detroit Tigers
MLB statistics
Win–loss record95–71
Earned run average3.73
Strikeouts591
Managerial record830–827
Winning %.501
Teams
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards

Early years

Born in Seattle, Hutchinson was the youngest son of Dr. Joseph Lambert Hutchinson (1872–1951)[4] and Nona Burke Hutchinson (1879–1962). Both were born in Wisconsin and they relocated to Seattle in 1907. A graduate of the medical school at Marquette University in Milwaukee,[4] he was a general practitioner in the Rainier Beach area in the southeast part of Seattle.[5][6][7] The oldest of the four Hutchinson children was daughter Mary Joy (Crosetto) (1904–1989).[4][8]

Sons Bill and John were older than Fred by ten and seven years,[9] respectively, and both played baseball at Franklin High School and at the University of Washington in Seattle under head coach Tubby Graves. Bill captained the 1931 Huskies team which won the Pacific Coast Conference title and John (1912–1991) later played in the St. Louis Browns organization.[5][7]

The older brothers mentored young Fred in the game and fostered a competitive spirit; they even taught him to hit left-handed to reach first base quicker.[5][7] A catcher until he was 15, Hutchinson starred as a right-handed pitcher, catcher, first baseman, outfielder, and left-handed hitter at Franklin. He led the Quakers to four city championships and played American Legion ball in the summer.[5][7]

Pitching career

Hutchinson, known throughout baseball as Hutch, played semi-pro ball in 1937 in Yakima, attended UW briefly,[10] then entered the organized baseball ranks in 1938 with the unaffiliated Seattle Rainiers of the AA Pacific Coast League. He caused an immediate sensation at age 19, winning a league-best 25 games and that season's minor league player of the year award as bestowed by The Sporting News.[3]

22 year old Fred Hutchinson is congratulated at recruiting station upon his 1941 enlistment in the U.S. Navy
Hutchinson, age 22, is congratulated upon his 1941 enlistment in the U.S. Navy.

Several teams were interested in him, including the Pittsburgh Pirates.[11][12] After his contract was purchased by the Detroit Tigers of the American League for players and cash,[12][13] Hutchinson struggled in his early major league career with a 6–13 record and an earned-run average of 5.43 during the 19391941 seasons. His ineffectiveness caused his return to the minor leagues in each season. In 1941, at Buffalo of the AA International League, he enjoyed another stellar campaign, leading the league in victories (26) and innings pitched (284). A successful Major League career seemed to await Hutchinson, then 22, when the U.S. entered World War II. He saw active duty in the U.S. Navy, rose to the rank of lieutenant commander, and lost four full seasons (19421945) to military service.

In 1946, Hutchinson – approaching 27 – returned to baseball with a vengeance, winning a place in the defending World Series champion Tigers' starting rotation and beginning a string of six straight campaigns of ten or more wins, including seasons of 18 (1947) and 17 victories (1950). He was selected to the 1951 American League All-Star team, and pitched three innings in an 8–3 loss at the Tigers' home park, Briggs Stadium.[14]

In eleven major league seasons, Hutchinson compiled a 95–71 (.572) career record and a 3.73 earned run average, all with Detroit – a stellar mark considering his early-career mishaps. Appearing in 242 games, 169 as a starting pitcher, and 1,464 innings pitched, he allowed 1,487 hits and 388 bases on balls. He amassed 591 strikeouts, 81 complete games, and 13 shutouts, along with seven saves. He led the American League in WHIP in 1949, a season in which Hutchinson's 2.96 ERA was fourth in the league.

The 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m), 190 lb (86 kg) Hutchinson was known as a ferocious competitor. "His displays of temper became legendary in the American League", wrote Sports Illustrated in 1957. "'I always know how Hutch did when we follow Detroit into a town,' cracked Yankee catcher Yogi Berra. 'If we got stools in the dressing room, I know he won. If we got kindling, he lost.'"[15]

He also was one of the best-hitting pitchers of his time; a left-handed batter, he frequently pinch-hit and batted over .300 four times during his major league career. His career batting average was .263, with 171 hits, four home runs and 83 runs batted in — excellent totals for a pitcher.

On a dubious note, he is also recalled as the pitcher who gave up the longest homer in Ted Williams' career, a 502-foot (153 m) blast on June 9, 1946, that broke the straw hat of a startled fan sitting in Fenway Park's right-center-field bleachers. The seat where the home run landed has been painted red since to mark the long ball.[16] Hutchinson led the AL in home runs allowed with 32 during the 1948 season.

Career as manager

Detroit Tigers

A slow decline in Hutchinson's pitching career coincided with an alarming drop in the fortunes of his usually contending Tigers. On July 5, 1952, with Detroit in the surprising position of last place in the eight-team American League, the club fired manager Red Rolfe and handed the job to Hutchinson, still an active player and five weeks shy of his 33rd birthday. Hutchinson was chosen based on his leadership skills; he had been the AL's Player Representative since 1947. Hutchinson managed the Tigers for the next 2½ years, serving into 1953 as a playing manager. He guided them from their eighth-place finish in 1952 to sixth and fifth place during the next two seasons. His reign included the 1953 debut of future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Al Kaline. However, Detroit's ownership and front office were in flux; at the end of 1954, Hutchinson asked for a two-year contract, through 1956, and was only offered a single season deal.[15][17] He left the Tigers, ending a 16-year association with the team.

Seattle Rainiers

Out of the majors for the first time since 1941, Hutchinson went home to Seattle and the Rainiers of the PCL, becoming their manager in 1955. Even though the club did not enjoy a major league affiliation, Hutchinson led Seattle to a 95–77 record and a first-place finish. His success led to his second major league managerial job when he replaced Harry Walker as skipper of the St. Louis Cardinals shortly after the 1955 season.[18]

St. Louis Cardinals

Fred Hutchinson (manager) - St. Louis Cardinals - 1957
Hutchinson with the St. Louis Cardinals in 1957

The Cardinals, one of baseball's storied franchises, had fallen into the second division. With general manager "Frantic" Frank Lane constantly revamping the roster through trades and Hutchinson's steady hand at the helm, the Cardinals improved by eight games in 1956, and catapulted to second place in the National League in 1957, behind only the eventual world champion Milwaukee Braves.[19] Hutchinson won The Sporting News Manager of the Year Award, and his popularity in the Mound City resulted in a new nickname, "The Big Bear", bestowed by Cardinal broadcaster Joe Garagiola. Hutchinson's typical unsmiling expression also led Garagiola to joke that Hutchinson was "a happy guy inside, only his face didn't show it."[20] He was given a raise in his one-year contract for the next season,[19] however, Lane's departure from the front office and the Cardinals' disappointing season resulted in Hutchinson's dismissal;[21] it came on September 17, with the team six games below .500 and in fifth place.[22]

Cincinnati Reds

Once again, Hutchinson returned to Seattle as field manager of the Rainiers, this time also serving as the club's general manager. The 1959 team did not have the on-field success of 1955's edition but the Rainiers were by then the top farm club of the Cincinnati Reds, who had stumbled badly in the National League standings coming out of the gate. On July 9, 1959, with the Reds ten games under .500 at the All-Star break, Hutchinson was called to Cincinnati to take over the club, replacing Mayo Smith.[23] Under Hutchinson, Cincinnati went 39–35 and improved two notches in the standings, but the following season saw the Reds struggle again to a 67–87 record and sixth-place finish. Like Detroit and St. Louis before, the Reds also were in front office turmoil, as the general manager who originally hired Hutchinson, Gabe Paul, departed for the expansion Houston Colt .45s and was replaced by Bill DeWitt. The sudden death of longtime owner Powel Crosley less than three weeks before the start of the 1961 regular season meant the team would soon be sold.

As a result, 1961 was a crucial season for Hutchinson. The Reds were projected as a second division team, lagging well behind the defending world champion Pittsburgh Pirates, the 1959 champion Los Angeles Dodgers, and strong San Francisco Giants, St. Louis Cardinals, and Milwaukee Braves outfits. But the Reds stunned the league, led by NL MVP Frank Robinson. They were buoyed by three other factors: the maturation of young players such as outfielder Vada Pinson and pitchers Jim O'Toole, Ken Hunt and Jim Maloney; the acquisition of key contributors such as pitcher Joey Jay (who became a 20-game winner) and third baseman Gene Freese; and surprise slugging and clutch hitting performances by first baseman Gordy Coleman, Jerry Lynch (one of the greatest pinchhitters in baseball history), and veteran Wally Post. The Reds surged into contention with a nine-game winning streak in May, and took first place for good August 16 when they swept the Dodgers in a doubleheader in Los Angeles.

The season was marked by numerous dramatic late-inning comeback victories, overcoming large margins, sometimes in a single inning. The Reds seemed never to be out of any game, until the last out. The 1961 Reds won 93 games and their first NL pennant since 1940. It was Hutchinson's second trip to the World Series; ironically, he was a Detroit pitcher in 1940 when his Tigers lost the Fall Classic to Cincinnati in seven games. However, the 1961 Reds drew one of the best teams of its era as its World Series foe: the New York Yankees of Roger Maris, Mickey Mantle, Whitey Ford, et al., who had won 109 games. The Reds could muster only one victory, in Game 2, with utility infielder Elio Chacón racing home on a passed ball with the go-ahead run, barely before the crunching body tag of Elston Howard. Cincinnati lost the 1961 Series in five games.

Final years

CincinnatiReds1
Fred Hutchinson's number 1 was retired by the Cincinnati Reds in 1964.

Winning the 1961 pennant secured Hutchinson's place in Cincinnati. In 1962, his Reds won 98 games but finished third, 3½ games behind the Giants. While the team fell to fifth in 1963, with an 86–76 mark, it continued to blend in young talent, such as young shortstop Leo Cárdenas and freshman second baseman Pete Rose, who was named the National League's Rookie of the Year. In July, Hutchinson was given a contract extension through the 1965 season,[24] and with a solid corps of veterans and a strong farm system, the Reds were considered a contending club in 1964, provided that its pitching staff made a comeback.[25]

Cancer

At his Florida home on Anna Maria Island, Hutchinson found a lump on his neck in late December 1963 and a medical examination in Seattle revealed malignant tumors in his lungs, chest, and neck.[26] Given the cancer treatments available at the time, the prognosis was grim. According to his brother, Hutchinson was a chain smoker, up to four packs of cigarettes a day.[9][27] The Reds made their manager's illness public on January 3, 1964.[28] After radiation treatment in early February, he still felt relatively well in March during spring training.[29][30] As The Sporting News noted, the team played the 1964 season with the terrible knowledge that Hutchinson "probably was at death's door."

His health failing,[31] Hutchinson nevertheless managed the Reds through July 27, when he was hospitalized. He returned to the dugout August 4,[32] but could only endure nine more days before he turned the team over to his first-base coach, Dick Sisler, one day after Hutch's 45th birthday.[33] The birthday was celebrated at Crosley Field on August 12,[34][35] then he was re-hospitalized two days later for two weeks.[36][37] With their manager now critically ill, the inspired Reds caught fire and won 29 out of their last 47 games as the first-place Philadelphia Phillies collapsed, but the team finished in a tie with the Phillies for second, one game behind the Cardinals, who went on to win that year's World Series.

Hutchinson formally resigned as manager on October 19,[38] and died three weeks later at Manatee Memorial Hospital in Bradenton, Florida.[1][2][3] He was buried next to his parents in the family plot at Mount Olivet Cemetery near Seattle in Renton, overlooking Lake Washington.[39]

SPORT magazine posthumously named him "Man of the Year" for 1964 in tribute to his courage in battling his final illness and the Reds permanently retired his uniform number (1). The Hutch Award is given annually by Major League Baseball in his memory as well.[40]

Legacy

Hutchinson was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 1965. His career record as a major league manager, in all or parts of 12 seasons, was 830–827 (.501) with nine tie games. He was remembered for his winning baseball teams, as the man who launched Cincinnati into an historic winning era (which ended years after his death with the "Big Red Machine" in the 1970s). He is described favorably by pitcher/author Jim Brosnan in his two memoirs, The Long Season (an account of Brosnan's 1959 season) and Pennant Race (about the 1961 campaign). Brosnan describes the team's wariness of the manager's hot temper and its respect for his competitive nature and leadership skills, and notes Hutchinson's sense of humor as well.

Wrote Brosnan in 1959: "Most ballplayers respect Hutch. In fact, many of them admire him, which is even better than liking him. He seems to have a tremendous inner power that a player can sense. When Hutch gets a grip on things it doesn't seem probable that he's going to lose it. He seldom blows his top at a player, seldom panics in a game, usually lets the players work out of their own troubles if possible."[41]

Said future Hall of Famer Stan Musial in 1957: "If I ever hear a player say he can't play for Hutch, then I'll know he can't play for anybody."[15]

In honor of his achievements with Buffalo, Hutchinson became a charter member of the Buffalo Baseball Hall of Fame in 1985.[42]

On December 24, 1999, the Seattle Post-Intelligencer named Hutchinson Seattle's Athlete of the 20th Century.[27]

Meanwhile, the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center continues to make news as a cancer treatment hub — in medical and baseball circles. When Boston Red Sox rookie left-handed pitcher Jon Lester, a Washington native, was diagnosed with anaplastic large cell lymphoma during the 2006 season, he chose to undergo chemotherapy at the Seattle facility. Coming full circle, on November 11, 2008, Lester — a 16-game winner and postseason pitching star — was chosen as the winner of the 2008 Hutch Award.[43]

All of the end plates of the rows of seats at Seattle's Safeco Field are embossed with a likeness of Hutchinson.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Cancer fatal to ex-Red pilot Hutchinson". St. Petersburg Times. Florida. Associated Press. November 13, 1964. p. 1C.
  2. ^ a b "Fred Hutchinson dies at Bradenton Memorial Hospital". Sarasota Journal. Florida. UPI. November 12, 1964. p. 34.
  3. ^ a b c "Former Redleg manager Fred Hutchinson dead at 45". Eugene Register-Guard. Oregon. Associated Press. November 12, 1964. p. 1D.
  4. ^ a b c "Rites set for Dr. Joseph L. Hutchinson". Seattle Times. obituary. March 21, 1951.
  5. ^ a b c d Fleet, Louis (December 30, 2004). "Hutchinson, Dr. William B. (1909–1997)". HistoryLink: the free, online encyclopedia of Washington state history. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "Dr. William Hutchinson, founder of research centers, dies in Seattle". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. Associated Press. October 28, 1997. p. B6.
  7. ^ a b c d Chesley, Frank (November 12, 2007). "Hutchinson, Fred (1919–1964); Baseball legend". HistoryLink: the free, online encyclopedia of Washington state history. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Albert Crosetto marries Snoqualmie teacher". Ellensburg Daily Record. Washington. June 5, 1941. p. 6.
  9. ^ a b "Brother recalls Hutch". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. August 10, 1982. p. 10.
  10. ^ "New Detroit Tiger tries out cage game". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. (AP photo). December 13, 1938. p. 11.
  11. ^ Biederman, Lester (December 11, 1938). "Bucs hope to close Hutchinson deal at majors' meeting". Pittsburgh Press. p. 1, sports.
  12. ^ a b "Detroit outbids Buccaneers for Hutchinson". Pittsburgh Press. December 13, 1938. p. 27.
  13. ^ "Hutchinson goes to Detroit team". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. Associated Press. December 13, 1938. p. 11.
  14. ^ "All-Star Game: Tuesday, July 10, 1951." www.baseball-reference.com. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
  15. ^ a b c Walsh, Emmett, "In Sunshine or In Shadow" Sports Illustrated, August 26, 1957
  16. ^ "Ted Williams, Fenway Park, June 9, 1946." ESPN Home Run Tracker. www.hittrackeronline.com. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
  17. ^ "Fred Hutchinson quits as manager of Tigers". Toledo Blade. Ohio. Associated Press. September 30, 1954. p. 23.
  18. ^ "Fred Hutchinson named manager of Cardinals". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Florida. Associated Press. October 13, 1955. p. 6.
  19. ^ a b "Hutch gets 1958 contract with Cardinals". St. Petersburg Times. Florida. Associated Press. September 29, 1957. p. 7C.
  20. ^ "He lived, died like a man – Mauch". St. Petersburg Times. Florida. UPI. November 13, 1964. p. 1C.
  21. ^ "Fred Hutchinson will be dropped as Cardinals' manager in 1959". Sarasta Herald-Tribune. Florida. Associated Press. September 11, 1958. p. 15.
  22. ^ "Fred Hutchinson fired as Cardinals' manager". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Florida. Associated Press. September 18, 1958. p. 15.
  23. ^ "Hutchinson Reds' new manager". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. July 9, 1959. p. 2, part 2.
  24. ^ "Hutchinson inks 2-year Reds' pact". Victoria Advocate. Texas. Associated Press. July 13, 1963. p. 9.
  25. ^ Hutchinson, Fred (January 30, 1964). "Hutchinson calls Reds 'improved'". Free Lance-Star. Fredericksburg, Virginia. Associated Press. p. 9.
  26. ^ "Red's Fred Hutchinson has lung cancer". St. Petersburg Times. Florida. Associated Press. January 3, 1964. p. 1C.
  27. ^ a b Eskanazi, David; Rudman, Steve (January 24, 2012). "Wayback Machine: Hutch — A Man And An Award". Sports Press Northwest. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
  28. ^ "Hutchinson's illness diagnosed as malignancy". Park City Daily News. Bowling Green, Kentucky. Associated Press. January 3, 1964. p. 10.
  29. ^ Mann, Jimmy (March 20, 1964). "Hutchinson doing what doctor orders". St. Petersburg Times. Florida. p. 3C.
  30. ^ "Hutchinson's cancer top spring baseball story". Lawrence Daily Journal-World. Kansas. Associated Press. March 21, 1964. p. 8.
  31. ^ "Hutchinson has another exam by hospital". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Florida. Associated Press. June 9, 1964. p. 7.
  32. ^ "Fred Hutchinson gets real gift from his team". Lewiston Evening Journal. Maine. August 5, 1964. p. 14.
  33. ^ "Red pilot to stay at home". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. August 13, 1964. p. 33.
  34. ^ "'Happy Birthday' 'shakes' Hutch". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. August 13, 1964. p. 3, part 2.
  35. ^ "Ailing Hutch is honored on birthday". Prescott Evening Courier. Arizona. UPI. August 13, 1964. p. 9.
  36. ^ "Fred Hutchinson back in hospital". Eugene Register-Guard. Oregon. Associated Press. August 15, 1964. p. 2B.
  37. ^ "Fred Hutchinson leaves hospital". Daily Reporter. Spencer, Iowa. Associated Press. August 27, 1964. p. 5.
  38. ^ "Sisler named Reds' pilot as Hutchinson resigns". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Florida. Associated Press. October 20, 1964. p. 6.
  39. ^ "Fred Hutchinson goes to final resting place". Sarasota Journal. Florida. Associated Press. November 17, 1964. p. 14.
  40. ^ "Writers to perpetuate memory of Hutchinson". Gadsden Times. Alabama. Associated Press. June 20, 1965. p. 26.
  41. ^ Jim Brosnan in The Long Season, quoted by Jonathan Yardly in The Washington Post, April 7, 2004
  42. ^ "Buffalo Baseball Hall of Fame". Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  43. ^ http://www.courant.com/sports/other/hc-baseup1111.artnov11,0,306008.story

External links

Preceded by

Jerry Priddy
Connie Ryan
Seattle Rainiers manager
1955
1959 (through July 8)
Succeeded by

Luke Sewell
Alan Strange
1950 Detroit Tigers season

The 1950 Detroit Tigers had a record of 95–59 (.617), the seventh-best winning percentage in the Tigers' 107-year history. After a tight back-and-forth pennant race, they finished in second place, three games behind a Yankees team that swept the Phillies in the 1950 World Series.

1952 Detroit Tigers season

The 1952 Detroit Tigers had a record of 50–104 (.325) — the worst record in Tigers' history until the 2003 Tigers lost 119 games. Virgil Trucks became the third pitcher in major league history to throw two no-hitters in one season.

1959 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1959 Cincinnati Reds season consisted of the Reds finishing in a fifth-place tie with the Chicago Cubs in the National League standings, with a record of 74–80, 13 games behind the NL and World Champion Los Angeles Dodgers.

Prior to the season the club, after calling themselves the Cincinnati Redlegs for the past six seasons, changed its nickname back to the Reds. The Reds played their home games at Crosley Field.

1960 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1960 Cincinnati Reds season consisted of the Reds finishing in sixth place in the National League standings, with a record of 67–87, 28 games behind the National League and World Series champion Pittsburgh Pirates.

The Reds were managed by Fred Hutchinson and played their home games at Crosley Field.

1961 World Series

The 1961 World Series matched the New York Yankees (109–53) against the Cincinnati Reds (93–61), with the Yankees winning in five games to earn their 19th championship in 39 seasons. This World Series was surrounded by Cold War political puns pitting the "Reds" against the "Yanks." But the louder buzz concerned the "M&M" boys, Roger Maris and Mickey Mantle, who spent the summer chasing the ghost of Babe Ruth and his 60–home run season of 1927. Mantle finished with 54 while Maris set the record of 61 on the last day of the season. With all the attention surrounding the home run race, the World Series seemed almost anticlimatic.

The Yankees were under the leadership of first-year manager Ralph Houk, who succeeded Casey Stengel. The Yankees won the American League pennant, finishing eight games better than the Detroit Tigers. The Bronx Bombers also set a Major League record for most home runs in a season with 240. Along with Maris and Mantle, four other Yankees, Yogi Berra, Elston Howard, Bill Skowron, and Johnny Blanchard, hit more than 20 home runs. The pitching staff was also led by Cy Young Award-winner Whitey Ford (25–4, 3.21).

The underdog Reds, skippered by Fred Hutchinson, finished four games ahead of the Los Angeles Dodgers in the National League and boasted four 20-plus home run hitters of their own: NL MVP Frank Robinson, Gordy Coleman, Gene Freese and Wally Post. The second-base, shortstop, and catcher positions were platooned, while center fielder Vada Pinson led the league in hits with 208 and finished second in batting with a .343 average. Joey Jay (21–10, 3.53) led the staff, along with dependable Jim O'Toole and Bob Purkey.

The American League added two teams, the Los Angeles Angels and the Washington Senators, through expansion and also increased teams' respective schedules by eight games to 162. The National League was a year away from its own expansion as the Reds and the other NL teams maintained the 154-game schedule.

The Most Valuable Player Award for the series went to lefty Whitey Ford, who won two games while throwing 14 shutout innings.

Ford left the sixth inning of Game 4 due to an injured ankle. He set the record for consecutive scoreless innings during World Series play with 32, when, during the third inning he passed the previous record holder, Babe Ruth, who had pitched ​29 2⁄3 consecutive scoreless innings for the Boston Red Sox in 1916 and 1918. Ford would extend that record to ​33 2⁄3 in the 1962 World Series.

The 1961 five-game series was the shortest since 1954, when the New York Giants swept the Cleveland Indians in four games.

These two teams would meet again 15 years later in the 1976 World Series, which the Reds would win in a four-game sweep.

1963 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1963 Cincinnati Reds season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds finishing in fifth place in the National League with a record of 86–76, 13 games behind the NL and World Series Champion Los Angeles Dodgers. The Reds were managed by Fred Hutchinson and played their home games at Crosley Field.

1964 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1964 Cincinnati Reds season consisted of the Reds finishing in a tie for second place in the National League with the Philadelphia Phillies. Both teams finished at 92–70, one game behind the NL and World Series Champion St. Louis Cardinals. The Reds' home games were played at Crosley Field.

The Reds began the season with Fred Hutchinson as manager, but he had to give way to acting manager Dick Sisler in August due to health issues with a record of 60–49. Sisler finished the season, guiding the team to a record of 32–21. Hutchinson, after formally resigning as manager in October, died of lung cancer on November 12, 1964, at the age of 45. Hutchinson was the first Reds member to have his number retired.

The 1964 season will long be remembered as one of the most exciting in MLB history, as both the National League and the American League saw multiple teams have chances to win the pennant in the last two weeks. The National League had three teams: the Cardinals, the Reds, and the Phillies, within a single game down the stretch, while the fourth-place Giants (3 games) and the fifth-place Braves (5) were within striking distance in the last month. The Phillies had double-digit lead with a month to go, but suffered a major collapse. But Philadelphia regained some momentum late by winning two games from the then first-place Reds including the last game of the year, to open the door for the Cardinals to win the pennant by one game over the Reds and the Phillies.

E. Donnall Thomas

Edward Donnall "Don" Thomas (March 15, 1920 – October 20, 2012) was an American physician, professor emeritus at the University of Washington, and director emeritus of the clinical research division at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. In 1990 he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Joseph E. Murray for the development of cell and organ transplantation. Thomas and his wife and research partner Dottie Thomas developed bone marrow transplantation as a treatment for leukemia.

Fred Hutchinson (rugby player)

Frederick Osborne Hutchinson (1867–1941) was a Welsh international rugby union back row who played club rugby for Maesteg, Bridgend and Neath and international rugby for Wales.

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

The Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, also known as Fred Hutch or The Hutch, is a cancer research institute established in 1972 in Seattle, Washington.

Hutch Award

The Hutch Award is given annually to an active Major League Baseball (MLB) player who "best exemplifies the fighting spirit and competitive desire" of Fred Hutchinson, by persevering through adversity. The award was created in 1965 in honor of Hutchinson, the former MLB pitcher and manager, who died of lung cancer the previous year. The Hutch Award was created by Hutch's longtime friends Bob Prince, a broadcaster for the Pittsburgh Pirates and KDKA; Jim Enright, a Chicago sportswriter; and Ritter Collett, the sports editor of the Dayton Journal Herald. They also created a scholarship fund for medical students engaged in cancer research to honor Hutchinson's memory.Eleven members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame have won the Hutch Award. The inaugural winner was Mickey Mantle. Danny Thompson, the 1974 recipient, was diagnosed with leukemia earlier that year. He continued to play through the 1976 season before dying that December at the age of 29. Jon Lester won the award in 2008 after recovering from anaplastic large-cell lymphoma.The award is presented annually at the Hutch Award Luncheon hosted by the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Washington, at Safeco Field. The award was originally presented at the annual Dapper Dan Banquet in Pittsburgh. Each winner receives a copy of the original trophy, designed by Dale Chihuly. The permanent display of the Hutch Award is at the National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, where it has been since 1979.

Johnny Temple

John Ellis Temple (August 8, 1927 – January 9, 1994) was a Major League Baseball second baseman who played for the Redlegs/Reds (1952–59; 1964); Cleveland Indians (1960–61), Baltimore Orioles (1962) and Houston Colt .45s (1962–63). Temple was born in Lexington, North Carolina. He batted and threw right-handed.

Temple was a career .284 hitter with 22 home runs and 395 RBI in 1420 games. A legitimate leadoff hitter and four-time All-Star, he was a very popular player in Cincinnati in the 1950s. Throughout his career, he walked more often than he struck out, compiling an outstanding 1.92 walk-to-strikeout ratio (648-to-338) and a .363 on-base percentage. Temple also had above-average speed and good instincts on the base paths. Quietly, he had 140 steals in 198 attempts (71%).

In 1957, Temple and six of his Redleg teammates—Ed Bailey, Roy McMillan, Don Hoak, Gus Bell, Wally Post and Frank Robinson—were voted into the National League All-Star starting lineup, the result of a ballot stuffing campaign by Redlegs fans. Bell remained on the team as a reserve, but Post was taken off altogether. Bell and Post were replaced as starters by Hank Aaron and Willie Mays.

Temple enjoyed his best year in 1959, with career-highs in batting average (.311), home runs (8), RBI (67), runs (102), hits (186), at-bats (598), doubles (35) and triples (6). At the end of the season he was sent to Cleveland for Billy Martin, Gordy Coleman and Cal McLish.Temple also played with Baltimore and Houston, and again with Cincinnati for his last major season, where he was a part-time coach. In August 1964, he cleaned out his locker after having a fight with fellow coach, Reggie Otero. When Fred Hutchinson had to leave the Reds due to his health, Cincinnati management decided to go with only two coaches and not reinstate Temple.After his baseball career was over, Temple worked as a television newsman in Houston, Texas and got involved with a business that sold boats and RVs. The business failed causing Temple to lose everything, including his home. In 1977, Temple was arrested and charged with larceny of farm equipment. Through the efforts of his wife, who wrote a public letter to The Sporting News, Temple got legal assistance. He gave testimony to the South Carolina assembly against his criminal partners.Temple died in Anderson, South Carolina in 1994 at the age of 66.

Leland H. Hartwell

Leland Harrison (Lee) Hartwell (born October 30, 1939, in Los Angeles, California) is former president and director of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Washington. He shared the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Paul Nurse and Tim Hunt, for their discoveries of protein molecules that control the division (duplication) of cells.Working in yeast, Hartwell identified the fundamental role of checkpoints in cell cycle control, and CDC genes such as CDC28, which controls the start of the cycle—the progression through G1.

Linda B. Buck

Linda Brown Buck (born January 29, 1947) is an American biologist best known for her work on the olfactory system. She was awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, along with Richard Axel, for their work on olfactory receptors. She is currently on the faculty of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle.

Mark Roth (scientist)

Mark Roth (born 1957) is an American biochemist, and director of the Roth Lab at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. He is a professor at the University of Washington.

Ritter Collett

Charles Ritter Collett (June 14, 1921 – September 26, 2001), known as Ritter Collett, was a sports editor and columnist for the Dayton Journal-Herald and Dayton Daily News for over fifty years.

Collett, a native of Ironton, Ohio, was the son of Katherine Ritter Collett and Charles L. Collett, the publisher of the Ironton Tribune. He began his career in 1946 for the then-Dayton Journal. After the Journal merged with the Herald in 1948, Collett became the sports editor for the Journal-Herald until 1986, when the paper merged with the Dayton Daily News, and he became sports editor and columnist for that paper.

Collett, along with Bob Prince and Jim Enright created the Hutch Award in honor of Cincinnati Reds manager Fred Hutchinson, awarded by Major League Baseball to an active player who best exemplifies the fighting spirit and competitive desire to win. Collett, a member of the Baseball Writers' Association of America since 1947, was awarded the J. G. Taylor Spink Award by the BBWAA in 1991. Collett, along with his fellow Dayton Daily News writers Si Burick and Hal McCoy, is among the few writers from a paper in a city without a Major League Baseball team to be inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Ritter died in September 2001, following neurosurgery.

Ross Prentice

Ross L. Prentice (born October 16, 1946) is a Canadian statistician known particularly for his contributions to survival analysis and statistical methods for epidemiology. He has worked at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in 1974 and is also a professor of biostatistics at the University of Washington School of Public Health.Prentice studied mathematics at the University of Waterloo from where he graduated in 1967, then obtained an MSc and PhD in statistics from the University of Toronto. He taught at the University of Waterloo before moving to the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in 1974.Prentice proposed the case-cohort design in 1986. His most cited statistical paper, published in 1989, concerns a criterion for the valid use of surrogate endpoints. He was one of the leaders of the Clinical Coordinating Center of the Women’s Health Initiative from its beginning in 1993.He received the COPSS Presidents' Award in 1986 and the R. A. Fisher Lectureship in 2008, for which the citation read:

For fundamental contributions to the theory and practice of statistical science; for his influential and innovative research in the areas of survival analysis, life history processes, case-control and cohort studies; and for his influential role in the conception, design, and implementation of the Women’s Health Initiative.

Suresh H. Advani

Suresh H Advani is an oncologist who pioneered Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in India. Struck by poliomyelitis at the age of 8 years, the wheelchair-using doctor studied at Grant Medical College, Mumbai (where he obtained the MBBS and MD Medicine degrees), following which he worked at Tata Memorial Hospital for many years as a medical oncologist. Now he counsults at Raheja Hospital. He gained experience in the field of bone marrow transplantation from the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington.

William B. Hutchinson

William B. Hutchinson (September 6, 1909 – October 26, 1997) was an American physician and surgeon, and the founder of both the Pacific Northwest Research Foundation and the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in his native Seattle, Washington. The latter facility is named in memory of his younger brother, Fred Hutchinson, a Major League Baseball pitcher and manager whose life and career were cut short by lung cancer in 1964 at the age of 45.The son of a general practitioner, Hutchinson was raised in Seattle and attended the University of Washington, where he played baseball for the Huskies under head coach Tubby Graves and graduated in 1931. He passed up a professional baseball tryout to attend medical school at McGill University in Montreal and graduated in 1935. After completing his surgical residency in Baltimore, Maryland, Hutchinson returned to Seattle to practice.His experience as a cancer surgeon led him to spearhead a drive for research and treatment centers for the disease in his native city. The PNRF, now the Pacific Northwest Diabetes Research Institute, was founded in 1956; the FHCRC was created in 1965 and officially founded in 1975.

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