Frazione

"Frazione" (Italian pronunciation: [fratˈtsjoːne]; pl. frazioni [fratˈtsjoːni]) is the Italian name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other administrative divisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere.[1] It is cognate to the English word fraction, but in practice is roughly equivalent to "parishes" or "wards" in other countries.

Description

Typically the term frazioni applies to the villages surrounding the principal town (the capoluogo) of a comune. Subdivision of a comune is optional; some comuni have no frazioni, but others have several dozen. The comune usually has the same name of the capoluogo, but not always.

In practice, most frazioni are small villages or hamlets, occasionally a clump of houses. Not every hamlet is classified as a frazione; those that are not are often referred to as località, for example, in the telephone book. On some occasions, frazioni can be more populated than the capoluogo of the comune. Due to unusual circumstances or to the depopulation of the capoluogo, the town hall and its administrative functions can move to one of the frazioni: the comune still retains the name of the capoluogo.

History

Historically, many frazioni came into being during the Fascist era, when a major effort was made to consolidate and rationalize the territorial subdivisions of the country. Sometimes, a frazione represents a former comune that was believed to be no longer viable.

Until 2000, the central government established the frazioni and defined their borders, except in the case of the five autonomous regions (see Regions of Italy), where this was controlled at the regional level. By the Legislative Decree 267/2000 to implement amendments to Title V of the Italian Constitution, the individual comuni now define the frazioni within their borders.

Countries using the term

Officers

Under the former legislation, a frazione had the option of having a prosindaco (submayor), who was appointed by the mayor (il sindaco) of the comune, often on the recommendation of deliberative bodies such as the communal council (consiglio) or the giunta, or as a result of a petition by enough residents of the frazione involved; although there was no official provision for groups of frazioni joining forces with the appointment of a single prosindaco, the case was frequent enough. Under current law, however, Article 54 of the d.lgs. 267/2000 provides that a mayor may delegate mayoral functions at the frazione level to a councillor of the comune.

In many comuni, in addition to their advisory function, the frazioni are endowed with their own clerks and recorders of deeds, but do not maintain their own civil records.

References

  1. ^ "Frazione - findwords.info". Archived from the original on 2017-08-26. Retrieved 2017-08-26.

See also

Avane, Vecchiano

Avane is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of Vecchiano, province of Pisa. At the time of the 2001 census its population was 1,020.Avane is about 9 km from Pisa and 3 km from Vecchiano.

Balconevisi

Balconevisi is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of San Miniato, province of Pisa. At the time of the 2001 census its population was 153.Balconevisi is about 50 km from Pisa and 12 km from San Miniato.

Bucciano, San Miniato

Bucciano is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of San Miniato, province of Pisa. At the time of the 2001 census its population was 36.Bucciano is about 11 km from Pisa and 12 km from San Miniato.

Calambrone

Calambrone is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of Pisa, province of Pisa.Calambrone is about 25 km from the city of Pisa.

Catena, San Miniato

Catena is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of San Miniato, province of Pisa.Catena is about 42 km from Pisa and 3 km from San Miniato.

Corazzano

Corazzano is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of San Miniato, province of Pisa. At the time of the 2001 census its population was 331.Corazzano is about 50 km from Pisa and 15 km from San Miniato.

Isola, San Miniato

Isola is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of San Miniato, province of Pisa. At the time of the 2001 census its population was 536.Isola is about 52 km from Pisa and 4 km from San Miniato.

Lorenzana

Lorenzana is a frazione (hamlet) in the comune of Crespina Lorenzana, in the Province of Pisa in the Italian region Tuscany. It is located about 60 kilometres (37 miles) southwest of Florence and about 25 kilometres (16 miles) southeast of Pisa.

Mezzana, San Giuliano Terme

Mezzana is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of San Giuliano Terme, province of Pisa.Mezzana is about 7 km from Pisa and 6 km from San Giuliano Terme.

Micciano

Micciano is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of Pomarance, province of Pisa. At the time of the 2001 census its population was 65.Micciano is about 80 km from Pisa and 13 km from Pomarance.

Molina di Quosa

Molina di Quosa is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of San Giuliano Terme, province of Pisa.Molina di Quosa is about 10 km from Pisa and 4 km from San Giuliano Terme.

Montemiccioli

Montemiccioli is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of Volterra, province of Pisa. At the time of the 2006 parish census its population was 95.Montemiccioli is about 76 km from Pisa and 13 km from Volterra.

Policastro Bussentino

Policastro Bussentino (or simply Policastro) is an Italian town and hamlet (frazione) of the municipality of Santa Marina (of which it is the its seat) in the province of Salerno, Campania region. It is a former bishopric, now titular see, and has a population of 1,625.

Pomaia

Pomaia is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of Santa Luce, in the Province of Pisa. At the time of the 2001 census its population amounted to 188.The village is known for the Lama Tzong Khapa Institute, one of the biggest Tibetan monasteries in Italy.Pomaia has an economy based on agriculture and tourism.

Saline di Volterra

Saline di Volterra is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of Volterra, province of Pisa. At the time of the 2001 census its population was 1,218.

San Miniato Basso

San Miniato Basso is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of San Miniato, province of Pisa.San Miniato Basso is about 45 km from Pisa and 2 km from San Miniato.

Santa Colomba, Bientina

Santa Colomba is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of Bientina, province of Pisa. At the time of the 2001 census its population was 277.Santa Colomba is about 25 km from Pisa and 3 km from Bientina.

Santo Stefano a Macerata

Santo Stefano a Macerata is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of Cascina, province of Pisa. At the time of the 2001 census its population was 86.Santo Stefano a Macerata is about 20 km from Pisa and 7 km from Cascina. The main hamlet of the frazione is called Chiesanuova.

Villa Campanile

Villa Campanile is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of Castelfranco di Sotto, province of Pisa. At the time of the 2001 census its population was 271.Villa Campanile is about 38 km from Pisa and 16 km from Castelfranco di Sotto.

Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

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