Frauke Petry

Frauke Petry (German: [ˈfʁaʊkə ˈpeːtʁiː]; née Marquardt; born 1 June 1975), a German politician, chaired the Alternative for Germany (AfD) party from 4 July 2015 to 29 September 2017. Most political scientists described Petry as a representative of the national conservative wing of that party.[1][2][3][4]

Petry had formerly served as one of three party spokespersons from 2013 to 2015,[5] and became leader in 2015, displacing the party's founder Bernd Lucke after an internal power struggle; Lucke subsequently left the party and said it has "fallen irretrievably into the wrong hands" after Petry's election. Petry is noted for her anti-Islam views, for her calls to ban minarets,[6] and for arguing that German police should "use firearms if necessary" to prevent illegal border-crossings.[7] She is a chemist by training and has a professional background as a businesswoman.

Frauke Petry

Frauke Petry 2015 (cropped)
Petry in 2015
Leader of Die Blaue Partei
Assumed office
October 2017
Leader of the Alternative for Germany
In office
4 July 2015 – 29 September 2017
Serving with Jörg Meuthen
Preceded byBernd Lucke
Succeeded byJörg Meuthen
Member of the Bundestag
for Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
Assumed office
24 September 2017
Preceded byKlaus Brähmig
Personal details
Born
Frauke Marquardt

1 June 1975 (age 43)
Dresden, East Germany
(now Germany)
NationalityGerman
Political partyAlternative for Germany (2013–2017)
Die Blaue Partei (2017–present)
Spouse(s)Sven Petry (div. 2015)
Marcus Pretzell (2015–present)
Children5
ResidenceFrohburg, Germany
EducationUniversity of Reading
University of Göttingen
OccupationChemist, businesswoman, politician

Early life

Petry was born on 1 June 1975 to a chemist and an engineer in Dresden. She lived in Schwarzheide, Brandenburg, near Saxony until the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989, after which her family moved to Bergkamen in Westphalia. Petry took her first degree in chemistry at the University of Reading, UK, in 1998, before attending the University of Göttingen, from where she gained a doctorate in 2004.[8][9]

Political orientation

Petry was described as a representative of the national conservative wing of her party.[1][2][3][4] To the contrary, political scientist Cas Mudde described her as a representative of the far-right wing of her party.[10] Petry describes herself as national-conservative and supporting policies of "national self-determinism." Der Spiegel reports that her electoral success on 4 July 2015, which gave her the reins of leadership in the AfD in preference to Bernd Lucke, the party's founder, was made possible by the national-conservative wing of the party. Bernd Lucke's wing did not have the majority.[5]

On the subject of the political spectrum, Petry has said, "Right and left are terms that haven't fit for a long time."[11] Petry believes sharia is incompatible with the "democratic and liberal order of state"[12] and has said that the majority within her AfD favors a liberal-conservative policy.[13]

Border control

In January 2016, when a reporter from the regional newspaper Mannheimer Morgen asked her about European and German border policies, Petry answered that the German Border police must do their jobs by "hindering illegal entry of refugees." Petry suggested that the border police could "use firearms if necessary" to "prevent illegal border crossings", a statement which contradicts the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. The reporter followed up on her response, using the term Schiessbefehl which means "order to shoot". Petry stated that she did not use that term, going on to state that no policeman "wants to fire on a refugee and I don't want that either" but that border police must follow the law to maintain the integrity of European borders.[13] Afterwards, Petry made several attempts to justify these statements.[12][13]

Male circumcision

In a rough draft of its manifesto, the AfD had considered adopting a stance stating that male circumcision should be outlawed, but Petry said in her interview with Tim Sebastian on 21 March 2016 that this language would not be in the final draft.[12] The Central Council of Jews in Germany is also in an uproar over the question of religious circumcision, stating that to give precedence to a child's self-determination over his parents' right of freedom of religion is "an unprecedented and dramatic intrusion on the right to self-determination of religious communities."[14] This national dialogue is happening in the wake of a 2012 decision of a Higher Regional Court in Cologne, which called the circumcision of a 4-year-old boy "bodily harm."[14]

Women in society

Unlike the CDU and SPD, Petry does not believe mandatory quotas are the right way to give opportunities to women, nor does she believe they improve the chances of women having more leadership positions. She believes quotas make women unsure of whether a promotion would be made on the basis of qualifications.[15]

Regarding the issue of burqas, Petry believes it shouldn't be compulsory for women to dress in such a manner. She has said that in schools "this sort of religious costume should not be worn."[12]

Migration

On the issue of international migration, Petry is of the view that, "We [Germany and the rest of Europe] have to decide what sort of migration we want to accept."[12] She has said, "Deciding about who's migrating and who's not, who's going to be part of a new country is, in the end, a question of borders, whether you see them, or whether you don't. When I go to France, I don't see the border, but I know it's there and I accept it, be it in terms of speed limits, or be it in terms of laws and legislation."[12]

Resignation from AfD

In April 2017, Petry stepped down as AfD's candidate for chancellor due to reports that she wanted to change the party's policies to appeal to more moderate voters.[16] This came after she had frequently criticised Björn Höcke, a party representative who had called the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin a "monument of shame",[17] and backed attempts to expel him, but could not prevail in a power struggle with her party rivals Jörg Meuthen[16] and Alexander Gauland,[18] who accused her of splitting party ranks.[19] Despite the internal strife, her party voted to allow her to run for a seat in the German parliament in the September 2017 elections.[19]

One day after election night - Petry was elected to the Bundestag by direct mandate - she left an AfD press conference saying that she won't join the party's parliamentary group in the Bundestag because the party became too "anarchical" and "could not offer a credible platform". Alice Weidel, the AfD's frontrunner, demanded her resignation from the party.[20] Petry will join the Bundestag as an independent politician.[21] She resigned from the party and all offices on 29 September 2017.[22] She was subsequently charged with perjury for allegedly lying under oath about her former party's finances.[23]

On 12 October 2017, Petry announced that she would form a new party, called the Blue Party, which would provide a "reasonable conservative" agenda and seek to replicate the success of the Bavarian Christian Social Union.[24]

Personal life

In 2007, Petry founded her own business, PURinvent, a Leipzig-based manufacturer of polyurethane tire fill products.[9] She received the Medal of the Order of Merit in 2012.[25][26] She speaks fluent English.[27]

Petry separated from her husband, Sven Petry, a Lutheran pastor,[11] in October 2015.[28] Her domestic partner is Marcus Pretzell.[29] She has four children and lives in Tautenhain, Saxony.[9][25] Petry published a statement in early October 2015 in which she announced that she would separate from her husband, while also noting that "much more than just friendly feelings" had developed between her and Pretzell, a fellow AfD party member.[30] In December 2016 she married Pretzell.[31] Sven has since joined the CDU.[11][32]

Petry is a member of the Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Saxony, a member church of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD). She criticizes many stances of the EKD, which historically holds a largely liberal Protestant stance, claiming it follows "only its own interests" regarding immigration. She advocates its cooperation with AfD in order to defend the European Christian values of the West.[33]

References

  1. ^ a b Lars Geiges, Stine Marg, Franz Walter: Pegida. Die schmutzige Seite der Zivilgesellschaft? Transcript, Bielefeld 2015, ISBN 978-3-8376-3192-0, S. 153.
  2. ^ a b Gudrun Hentges: Sarrazins Erben: Ressentiments von PEGIDA und AfD finden sich schon beim Ex-Finanzsenator. In: ROSALUX. Journal der Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung, Ausgabe 1/2015, 20 f.
  3. ^ a b Kristina zur Mühlen: "Politologe zum Flügelkampf in der AfD: Machtkampf mindert die Wahlchancen" (Interview with Jürgen W. Falter) (in German). tagesschau24. tagesschau.de. 22 January 2015. Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  4. ^ a b Frank Decker: Alternative für Deutschland und Pegida. Die Ankunft des neuen Rechtspopulismus in der Bundesrepublik. In: Frank Decker, Bernd Henningsen, Kjetil Jakobsen (Hrsg.): Rechtspopulismus und Rechtsextremismus in Europa. Die Herausforderung der Zivilgesellschaft durch alte Ideologien und neue Medien (= International Studies on Populism. Bd. 2). Nomos, Baden-Baden 2015, ISBN 978-3-8487-1206-9, S. 75–90, hier: S. 80.
  5. ^ a b "AfD: Lucke-Anhänger wollen neue Partei gründen". Der Spiegel (in German). 13 July 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  6. ^ "Far right AfD party says Muslims not welcome in Germany".
  7. ^ "Refugees should be shot 'if necessary', says party leader in Germany". 31 January 2016.
  8. ^ Petry, Frauke (2004). Charakterisierung eines neuen ATP-binding-cassette Transporters aus der ABCA-Subfamilie (PDF) (in German). University of Göttingen. p. 129. Retrieved 27 September 2013.(dissertation/curriculum vitae)
  9. ^ a b c Lang, Thomas (9 February 2011). "Geithain – Gründerinnenpreis Sachsens geht an Tautenhainerin". Leipziger Volkszeitung (in German). Retrieved 27 September 2013.
  10. ^ Mudde, Cas (13 March 2016). "One Alternative for Germany or Many? The Mixed Message of the German State Elections". The Huffington Post.
  11. ^ a b c Kate Connolly (7 February 2016). "Frauke Petry: Smiling face of Germany's resurgent right". The Observer. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  12. ^ a b c d e f Sebastian, Tim (21 March 2016). "Transcript: Tim Sebastian interviews Frauke Petry". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
  13. ^ a b c Mack, Steffen; Serif, Walter (30 January 2016). ""Sie können es nicht lassen!"". Mannheimer Morgen (in German). Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  14. ^ a b "Cutting Controversy: German Court Sets New Circumcision Rules". Der Spiegel. 27 September 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  15. ^ "Die Frauenquote sei "völlig unausgegoren"". Wirtschaftswoche (in German). 27 November 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  16. ^ a b Huggler, Justin. "German far-right leader stuns party by quitting chancellor race". The Telegraph. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  17. ^ AfD members distance themselves from Holocaust memorial critic, DW.com
  18. ^ Frauke Petry bezichtigt Gauland und Meuthen der Lüge, Die Welt
  19. ^ a b Alternative for Germany's Frauke Petry survives attempted in-party putsch, DW.com
  20. ^ German election, the day after: AfD's Frauke Petry won't join parliamentary group, DW
  21. ^ AfD leader quits party caucus hours after German election breakthrough, The Guardian
  22. ^ Weiland, Severin (2017-09-29). "Petry offiziell ausgetreten: AfD bangt um ihre Mitte". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  23. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/10/04/former-afd-leader-frauke-petry-faces-jail-charged-perjury/
  24. ^ "Former leader of Germany's far-right kicks off new 'Blue Party'". Reuters. 2017-10-12. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  25. ^ a b Lang, Thomas (8 October 2012). "Borna – Verdienstorden mit 37 Jahren". Leipziger Volkszeitung (in German). Retrieved 27 September 2013.
  26. ^ "Ordensverleihung zum Tag der Deutschen Einheit" (in German). Bundespräsidialamt. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
  27. ^ Fröhlich, Christoph (26 March 2016). "In diesem Interview wird Frauke Petry ordentlich auseinandergenommen". Stern (in German). Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  28. ^ "AfD-Chefin Petry trennt sich von ihrem Ehemann". Sächsische Zeitung (in German). 7 October 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  29. ^ Amann, Melanie; Weiland, Severin (12 February 2016). "Angebliches Beratungsangebot: Die AfD, der Journalist und ein heikler Vorwurf". Der Spiegel (in German). Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  30. ^ Peter Teffer (30 October 2015). "Germany's anti-euro party which became two". EUobserver. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  31. ^ Justus Bender (2016-12-22). "Frauke Petry heiratet ein zweites Mal". FAZ.net (in German). Retrieved 2016-12-22.
  32. ^ Decker, Markus (12 October 2015). "Sven Petry geht zur CDU" (in German). FRANKFURTER RUNDSCHAU. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  33. ^ "Wie christlich ist die AfD? – Evangelische Kirchengemeinde Hennef". 18 April 2016.

External links

2016 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern state election

The Mecklenburg-Vorpommern State Elections, 2016 were held on 4 September 2016, to elect members to the 7th Landtag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. All 71 seats in the Landtag were contested and around 1.3 million voters were eligible to cast ballots. Postal voting began in August ahead of the September 4 polling day. State elections in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern use the Hare-Niemeyer method of proportional representation to allocate seats in the Landtag.

Alternative for Germany

Alternative for Germany (German: Alternative für Deutschland, AfD) is a right-wing to far-right political party in Germany. Founded in April 2013, the AfD narrowly missed the 5% electoral threshold to sit in the Bundestag during the 2013 federal election. In 2014 the party won seven seats in the European election as a member of the European Conservatives and Reformists. After securing representation in 14 of the 16 German state parliaments by October 2017, the AfD became the third-largest party in Germany after the 2017 federal election, claiming 94 seats in the Bundestag, a major breakthrough for the party as it was the first time the AfD had won any seats in the Bundestag. The party is chaired by Jörg Meuthen; its lead candidates in the 2017 elections were AfD Co-Vice Chairman Alexander Gauland and Alice Weidel who now serves as the party group leader in the Bundestag. Since 2017, AfD is the largest opposition party in the Bundestag.

The party has been described as a German nationalist, right-wing populist, and Eurosceptic party. Since about 2015, the AfD has been increasingly open to working with far-right extremist groups such as Pegida. Parts of the AfD have racist, Islamophobic, anti-Semitic and xenophobic tendencies linked to far-right movements such as neo-Nazism and identitarianism.

Bergkamen

Bergkamen is a town in the district of Unna, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated near the river Lippe, approx. 15 km (9 mi) north-east of Dortmund and 15 km (9 mi) south-west of Hamm.

Bergkamen, a fairly new town in the east part of the Ruhr Area and south of the Münsterland, was founded in 1966 by the merging of at first five smaller communities. The town‘s history, however, reaches back to ancient Roman times - this can be experienced by visiting the Bergkamen Municipal Museum, which has a large Roman department, and the nearby archeological site, the “Roemerlager“.

Bernd Lucke

Bernd Lucke (born 19 August 1962) is a German economist and politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Germany. He is a member of the Liberal Conservative Reformers, part of the European Conservatives and Reformists.

He is a professor of macroeconomics at the University of Hamburg, a co-founder of "Wahlalternative 2013" (translated: "Electoral Alternative 2013"), and a founding member of the Alternative for Germany. Lucke lost out on the leadership of the AfD against Frauke Petry in July 2015, which was considered a shift of the party to extremist positions; he subsequently left the party. In July 2015 he and other former AfD members founded the political party Liberal-Konservative Reformer (formerly ALFA).

Björn Höcke

Björn Höcke (born 1 April 1972) is a German politician for the political party Alternative for Germany (AfD).

Fourth Reich

The Fourth Reich (German: Viertes Reich) is a hypothetical future German Reich that is the successor to the Third Reich (1933–1945).

Franziska Schreiber

Franziska Schreiber (born 1990 in Dresden) is a German author and former board member of Junge Alternative.

Frauke

Frauke is a feminine German given name. Notable people with the name include:

Frauke Dirickx (born 1980), Belgian volleyball player

Frauke Eigen (born 1969), German photographer and artist

Frauke Eickhoff (born 1967), German judoka

Frauke Finsterwalder (born 1975), German film director and screenwriter

Frauke Petry (born 1975), German chemist, businesswoman and politician

Frauke Schmitt Gran, German orienteer

Frauke Sonderegger, Swiss orienteer

Frohburg

Frohburg is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is situated 11 km northeast of Altenburg, and 34 km southeast of Leipzig. It includes the village of Flößberg and the town Kohren-Sahlis.

Lead Candidate

The Lead Candidate (German: Spitzenkandidat, Dutch lijsttrekker) is a position found in many parliamentary democracies. The Lead Candidate is a designated candidate for parliament whom a political party promises to voters they will nominate as head of government should they become the governing party as a result of the election. The Lead Candidate can be, but is not necessarily, the party's chief executive officer.

Liberal Conservative Reformers

The Liberal Conservative Reformers (German: Liberal-Konservative Reformer, LKR) is a centre-right political party in Germany which was known from July 2015 to November 2016 as ALFA.

The party was established in July 2015 as a split from the Alternative for Germany (AfD) led by former AfD spokesman Bernd Lucke. It was founded as the Alliance for Progress and Renewal (Allianz für Fortschritt und Aufbruch, ALFA), but changed its name in November 2016 after litigation with the pro-life movement "Aktion Lebensrecht für Alle" (Action Right to Live for Everybody) which uses the same abbreviation (Alfa).The party is represented by five MEPs in the European Parliament (as members of the European Conservatives and Reformists group) and three members of the Bürgerschaft of Bremen due to their formal withdrawal from the AfD.

List of University of Reading alumni

This is a list of University of Reading alumni.

Lying press

Lying press (German: Lügenpresse, lit. 'press of lies') is a pejorative political term used largely by German political movements for the printed press and the mass media at large, when it is believed not to have the quest for truth at the heart of its coverage. It can be considered synonymous with the term fake news.

Marcus Pretzell

Marcus Pretzell (born 16 July 1973) is a German politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Germany. He was a member of the Alternative for Germany, part of the Europe of Nations and Freedom.In April 2016, Pretzell attracted controversy and criticism after stating that he supported "The defence of the German border with armed force" against asylum seekers. As a result, on 12 April 2016, he was expelled from the European Conservatives and Reformists group. Following this, he joined Marine Le Pen's Europe of Nations and Freedom faction.During a speech at an AfD party convention in Essen, 4–5 July 2015, he said, "We had the discussion about whether we were the Euro party or the Pegida party. We are both."

Mario Mieruch

Mario Mieruch (born 16 August 1975) is a German politician, elected to the Bundestag in September 2017 as a member of Alternative for Germany. He left the party's parliamentary bloc the following month.

Petry

Petry, or Pétry, is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Ellen Petry Leanse (1958), American author, businesswoman, coach, educator, entrepreneur, and online community pioneer

Ann Petry (1908–1997), American author

Cássio Petry (born 1978), Brazilian canoeist

Dan Petry (born 1958), American baseball player

Frauke Petry (born 1975), German chemist, businesswoman and politician (AfD)

Irène Pétry (1922–2007), Belgian judge and socialist politician.

Jeff Petry (born 1987), American ice hockey player

Juliusz Petry (1890–1961), Polish writer

Lasse Petry (born 1992), Danish footballer

Leroy Petry (born 1979), American soldier and Medal of Honor recipient

Lucile Petry Leone (1902–1999), American nurse

Michael Petry (born 1960), American artist

Michael Petry (footballer) (born 1976), German footballer

Valentin Petry (1928–2016), German racing cyclist

Wolfgang Petry (born 1951), German musician

Zsolt Petry (born 1966), Hungarian footballer

The Blue Party (Germany)

The Blue Party (German: Die blaue Partei) is a national-conservative political party in Germany that was founded on the initiative of the former leader of the Alternative for Germany (AfD), Frauke Petry, after she left the party following the 2017 federal election. The party presents itself as more moderate than the AfD, and aims to attract social conservatives, right-wing liberals and former AfD members to join the party. As of 22 October 2017, the party has one member in the Bundestag, one in the state parliament of Saxony and four members in the state parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia. The party is officially chaired by Michael Muster.

Tim Sebastian

Tim Sebastian (born 13 March 1952, London, England) is a television journalist and novelist. He is the moderator of Conflict Zone and The New Arab Debates, broadcast on Deutsche Welle. He previously worked for the BBC, where he hosted The Doha Debates and was the first presenter of HARDtalk. He also presented Bloomberg TV's The Outsider, an India-focused debating programme.He won the BAFTA (British Academy of Film and Television Arts) Richard Dimbleby award in 1981 and Britain's prestigious Royal Television Society Interviewer of the Year award in 2000 and 2001.

Volk

The German noun Volk translates to people,

both uncountable in the sense of people as in a crowd, and countable (plural Völker) in the sense of a people as in an ethnic group or nation (compare the English term folk).

Within an English-language context, the German word is of interest primarily for its use in German philosophy, as in Volksseele "national soul" and in German nationalism (notably the derived adjective völkisch "national, ethnic").

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