Franklin, New Hampshire

Franklin is a city in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. At the 2010 census, the population was 8,477,[2] the least of any of New Hampshire's 13 cities. Franklin includes the village of West Franklin.

Franklin, New Hampshire
Central Street
Central Street
Official seal of Franklin, New Hampshire

"The Three Rivers City"
Location within Merrimack County, and the state of New Hampshire.
Location within Merrimack County, and the state of New Hampshire.
Coordinates: 43°26′39″N 71°38′51″W / 43.44417°N 71.64750°WCoordinates: 43°26′39″N 71°38′51″W / 43.44417°N 71.64750°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
Incorporated (Town)1828
 • MayorAnthony Giunta
 • City Council
 • City ManagerJudie Milner
 • Total29.1 sq mi (75.4 km2)
 • Land27.3 sq mi (70.7 km2)
 • Water1.9 sq mi (4.8 km2)  6.31%
310 ft (94 m)
 • Total8,477
 • Estimate 
 • Density315/sq mi (121.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-27380
GNIS feature ID0873290


Situated at the confluence of the Pemigewasset and Winnipesaukee rivers that form the Merrimack River, the town was settled by Anglo-European colonists in 1764 and originally known as Pemigewasset Village. It was taken from portions of Salisbury, Andover, Sanbornton and Northfield. The name Franklin was adopted in 1820 in honor of statesman and founding father Benjamin Franklin. Water power from the falls helped it develop as a mill town.[3] It would incorporate as a town in 1828, and then as a city in 1895.

Daniel Webster was born in a section of Franklin that was then part of Salisbury. There is a state historic site located off Route 127 that preserves the famous orator's childhood home. As an adult, Webster owned "The Elms", a farm near the Merrimack River along present-day Route 3.

In 1943, the Army Corps of Engineers created the Franklin Falls Reservoir above Franklin by constructing the Franklin Falls Dam for flood control on the Pemigewasset River.

Image gallery

Bird's-eye View, Franklin, NH

Bird's eye view c. 1912

Merrimack River, Franklin, NH

Merrimack River in 1905

Old High School, Franklin, NH

Old High School in 1908

View of Central Street, Franklin, NH

Central Street in 1909

Sulloway Mills, Franklin, NH

Sulloway Mills c. 1910

Webster Birthplace, Franklin, NH

Daniel Webster birthplace c. 1910

FranklinNH CityHall

City Hall

FranklinNH FreePublicLibrary

The library


Franklin is located at 43°26′49″N 71°39′25″W / 43.44694°N 71.65694°W (43.446956, -71.656966).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.1 square miles (75.4 km2), of which 27.3 square miles (70.7 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) is water, comprising 6.31% of the town.[5] It is drained by the Winnipesaukee, Pemigewasset and Merrimack rivers. Webster Lake is in the north. The highest point in Franklin is an unnamed summit near the northwestern corner of the city limits, where the elevation reaches approximately 1,370 feet (420 m) above sea level. Franklin lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.[6]

U.S. Route 3 and New Hampshire Route 11 form Central Street, the main street of Franklin. Heading east, the two routes lead to Tilton and Laconia, New Hampshire. US 3 leads south to Boscawen and Concord, while NH 11 goes west to Andover and New London. New Hampshire Route 127 also passes through downtown Franklin, leading southwest to Salisbury and Contoocook, and north into Sanbornton. New Hampshire Route 3A leads north from West Franklin to Bristol.


Public Library, Franklin, NH
Public Library c. 1915, a Carnegie library
Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20178,601[1]1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,477 people, 3,407 households, and 2,179 families residing in the city. There were 3,938 housing units, of which 531, or 13.5%, were vacant. 193 of the vacant units were for seasonal or recreational use. The racial makeup of the town was 96.2% white, 0.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.02% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.3% some other race, and 1.7% from two or more races. 1.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[8]

Of the 3,407 households, 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were headed by married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43, and the average family size was 2.93.[8]

In the city, 22.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.0% were from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.[8]

For the period 2011-2015, the estimated median annual income for a household was $43,237, and the median income for a family was $52,390. Male full-time workers had a median income of $43,179 versus $34,708 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,318. 21.1% of the population and 16.6% of families were below the poverty line. 40.2% of the population under the age of 18 and 12.5% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.[9]


Sites of interest

Notable people


  1. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Incorporated Places: 2010 to 2017 – New Hampshire". Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  3. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 497–499.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Franklin city, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Franklin city, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 2, 2017.
  9. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Franklin city, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 2, 2017.
  10. ^ Ram Dass Channel. "Ram Dass in Franklin New Hampshire 1969". YouTube. Google. Retrieved 23 March 2017.

External links

Charles Brickett Haddock

Charles Brickett Haddock (20 June 1796, Franklin, New Hampshire - 15 January 1861, West Lebanon, New Hampshire) was a New Hampshire educator, author, politician and civil servant.

Daniel Webster Birthplace State Historic Site

Daniel Webster Birthplace State Historic Site is a state park and historic house museum in Franklin, New Hampshire. It preserves the two-room log cabin associated with the 1782 birth and early childhood years of Daniel Webster, a noted orator and statesmen. The restored house reflects late 18th-century farm life.

The house is open seasonally on weekends.

Franklin Falls Dam

The Franklin Falls Dam is located on the Pemigewasset River in the city of Franklin, New Hampshire, in the United States. The dam was constructed between 1939 and 1943 by the Army Corps of Engineers and extends for 0.75 miles (1.21 km) across the river. During its construction, the neighboring residents of the town of Hill were forced to relocate to higher ground due to rising water levels created by the dam. The reservoir formed by the dam has a permanent pool covering 440 acres (180 ha), and the total flood storage capacity is 2,800 acres (1,100 ha). The total area of the project, including surrounding managed lands, is 3,683 acres (1,490 ha). The stretch of the Pemigewasset River potentially impounded by the dam extends 12.5 miles (20 km) north to Ayers Island Dam in the town of Bristol, and the watershed flowing to the dam extends north all the way into the White Mountains.

The Franklin Falls Reservoir hosts a variety of recreational activities, including hiking, mountain biking, fishing, kayaking, hunting, and snowshoeing.

Franklin High School (New Hampshire)

Franklin High School is located in Franklin, New Hampshire, United States. Students come from Franklin and the neighboring town of Hill.

Franklin is known in the area for its football, softball and baseball teams. Their main sports rival is Winnisquam Regional High School in the neighboring town of Tilton.

G. W. Pierce

George Washington Pierce (January 11, 1872 – August 25, 1956) was an American physicist. He was a professor of physics at Harvard University and inventor in the development of electronic telecommunications.

The son of a Texas cattle rancher, he distinguished himself in school at Taylor and in the University of Texas before beginning his enduring relationship with Harvard in 1898. He wrote three innovative texts, many learned papers, and was assigned 53 patents. The most notable is the single-stage crystal oscillator circuit, which became the touchstone of the electronics communication art. Süsskind says that he was "an exceedingly warm and droll individual, much revered by his students."

Harold F. French

Harold F. French is an American politician and a Republican member of the New Hampshire Senate representing District 7 since 2016.

French attended Plymouth State University. French was elected to the New Hampshire Senate in 2016, defeating incumbent Democrat Andrew Hosmer. From 2014 to 2016 French was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives.

Jenna Lewis

Jenna Lewis (born July 16, 1977) is an American reality show contestant and occasional television personality. She is best known from her time as a contestant on Survivor: Borneo (season one), finishing eighth, and Survivor: All-Stars (season eight), finishing third.

Merrimack River

The Merrimack River (or Merrimac River, an occasional earlier spelling) is a 117-mile-long (188 km) river in the northeastern United States. It rises at the confluence of the Pemigewasset and Winnipesaukee rivers in Franklin, New Hampshire, flows southward into Massachusetts, and then flows northeast until it empties into the Gulf of Maine at Newburyport. From Pawtucket Falls in Lowell, Massachusetts, onward, the Massachusetts–New Hampshire border is roughly calculated as the line three miles north of the river.

The Merrimack is an important regional focus in both New Hampshire and Massachusetts. The central-southern part of New Hampshire and most of northeast Massachusetts is known as the Merrimack Valley.

Several U.S. naval ships have been named USS Merrimack and USS Merrimac in honor of this river. The river is perhaps best known for the early American literary classic A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers by Henry David Thoreau.

Mount Franklin (New Hampshire)

Mount Franklin is a mountain located in Coös County, New Hampshire. The mountain is named after Benjamin Franklin, and is part of the Presidential Range of the White Mountains. Note that Ben Franklin was not a president. Mount Franklin is flanked to the northeast by Mount Monroe, and to the southwest by Mount Eisenhower.

Mt. Franklin drains on the northwest side into the Ammonoosuc River, thence into the Connecticut River and into Long Island Sound in Connecticut. On the southeast side, Franklin drains into the Dry River, thence into the Saco River, and into the Gulf of Maine in Maine.

The Appalachian Trail, a 2,170-mile (3,500-km) National Scenic Trail from Georgia to Maine, crosses Mt. Franklin as it traverses the main ridge of the Presidentials from Crawford Notch to the summit of Mount Washington. Franklin stands on the northwest side of the Dry River Wilderness.

Although well over 4,000 feet in height, the Appalachian Mountain Club doesn't consider Franklin a "four-thousand footer" because it stands no more than 65 feet above the col on the ridge from Mount Monroe, making it a secondary summit of that peak.

Robert M. Leach

Robert Milton Leach (April 2, 1879 – February 18, 1952) was a United States Representative from Massachusetts. He was born in Franklin, New Hampshire on April 2, 1879. He attended the public schools, Phillips Academy and Dartmouth College. He moved to Taunton, Massachusetts in 1900 and engaged in the chain-store furniture business in New England.

He was commissioned as captain in the Ordnance Division of the United States Army during World War I. He was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-eighth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William S. Greene and served from November 4, 1924 to March 3, 1925. He was not a candidate for renomination. He resumed his former business activities and died in Eustis, Florida on February 18, 1952. His interment was in Franklin Cemetery in Franklin, N.H.

Robert Moller Gilbreth

Robert Moller Gilbreth (July 4, 1920 – July 27, 2007) was an American educator, businessman, and politician.

Gilbreth was born in Nantucket, Massachusetts. His parents were Frank Bunker Gilbreth Sr. and Lillian Moller Gilbreth. He went to the Montclair, New Jersey public schools. He received his bachelor's degree from the University of North Carolina in 1943 and his master's degree in education from Plymouth State University. Gilbreth also went to the University of Massachusetts for graduate studies. He taught school in Nantucket, Massachusetts and owned the Anchor Inn with his wife on Nantucket Island. Gilbreth then taught school and served as a principal for the Franklin, New Hampshire Junior and Senior High Schools.

Gilbreth served as the Franklin Telegram newspaper part-time reporter. In 1984, Gilbreth served in the New Hampshire Constitutional Convention on 1984. He also served on the Franklin School Board from 1980 to 1987. From 1985 to 1994, Gilbreth served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives. In 1985, Gilbreth opposed a bill in the legislature that human life begins at conception. Gilbreth did not agree with women who wanted abortions. However, he felt counseling was needed. In 2007, Gilbreth died from cancer at the Franklin Regional Hospital in Franklin, New Hampshire.

Sant Kirpal Singh Ji Maharaj

Sant Kirpal Singh (6 February 1894 – 21 August 1974) was a spiritual master (satguru).

Singh was born in India, in a simple rural house, in the western part of Punjab which now belongs to Pakistan. He earned his living as a government officer until his retirement, then moved to Delhi where he founded his spiritual school, Ruhani Satsang, with its headquarters at Sawan Ashram.

He was the President of the World Fellowship of Religions, an organization recognized by UNESCO, which had representatives from all the main religions of the world. He wrote numerous books, many of which have been translated into numerous languages.

His basic teachings consist in establishing contact with God into expression power, called Word in the Bible, and Naam, Shabd, Om, Kalma, and other names in the other scriptures. Singh believed that the discipline of universal character (defined as the Path of the Masters (Sant Mat), Meditation on the Divine Word, or Yoga of the Sound Current (Surat Shabd Yoga) was at the spiritual base of all enduring religions.


WEZS (1350 AM) is a broadcast radio station licensed to Laconia, New Hampshire, serving the Laconia and Franklin, New Hampshire area. WEZS is owned and operated by Gary W. Hammond.


WFTN-FM (Mix 94.1 FM) is a radio station based in central New Hampshire which airs a CHR music format. Broadcasting with 6,000 watts from Calef Hill in Tilton, the station covers the Franklin, Laconia, and Concord areas and nearby communities.

The station is owned by Northeast Communications, a local broadcasting company owned by Jeff Fisher. Sister stations to WFTN-FM are WPNH-FM 100.1 in Plymouth, WSCY 106.9 in Moultonborough, WFTN-AM in Franklin, and WPNH-AM in Plymouth.

WFTN-FM signed on the air in 1987 as Adult Contemporary 94FM. Over the years, the station evolved into a CHR station. Longtime Mix 94.1 air personalities include Fred Caruso and News Director Amy Bates (5 am – 10 am), Lisa McHugh (10 am – 2 pm), Eric Scott (2 pm – 6 pm) and weekends with Gary Ford and George Bierbom.

The station does not stream its signal over the internet.

Walter Bradford Cannon

Walter Bradford Cannon (October 19, 1871 – October 1, 1945) was an American physiologist, professor and chairman of the Department of Physiology at Harvard Medical School. He coined the term fight or flight response, and he expanded on Claude Bernard's concept of homeostasis. He popularized his theories in his book The Wisdom of the Body, first published in 1932. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Cannon as the 81st most cited scholar of the 20th century in technical psychology journals, introductory psychology textbooks, and survey responses.

Warren F. Daniell

Warren Fisher Daniell (June 26, 1826 – July 30, 1913) was an American politician and a U.S. Representative from New Hampshire. He was also a manufacturer, stock breeder, and banker.

Webster Lake (New Hampshire)

Webster Lake is a 606-acre (2.45 km2) water body in Merrimack County in the central portion of the U.S. state of New Hampshire, in the city of Franklin. Water from Webster Lake flows to the Pemigewasset River shortly above its confluence with the Winnipesaukee River to form the Merrimack.

Webster Lake has two public beaches operated by the city of Franklin, one on either side of the lake. Webster Lake is surrounded by forests, and roads follow most of the lakeshore, allowing frequent views. There is boating access adjacent to Lagace Beach on New Hampshire Route 11.

The lake is classified as a warmwater fishery, with observed species including rainbow trout, brown trout, smallmouth and largemouth bass, chain pickerel, horned pout, and white perch.

William A. Russell (Massachusetts politician)

William Augustus Russell (April 22, 1831 – January 10, 1899) was a United States Representative from Massachusetts.

Russell was born in Wells River, Vermont. He pursued an academic course in Franklin, New Hampshire, Russell engaged in the manufacture of paper in Exeter, New Hampshire in 1852. He moved to Lawrence, Massachusetts in 1852, where he continued in that business. He served as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1869.

He was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1868 and 1876, and was elected as a Republican to the Forty-sixth, Forty-seventh, and Forty-eighth Congresses (March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1885). After finishing his time in office, he redevoted his time to the manufacture of paper. Russell donated his Prospect Hill estate in Lawrence to create the current grounds of Lawrence General Hospital. Russell died in Boston.

His interment was in Bellevue Cemetery in Lawrence.

Winnipesaukee River

The Winnipesaukee River is a 10.5-mile-long (16.9 km) river that connects Lake Winnipesaukee with the Pemigewasset and Merrimack rivers in Franklin, New Hampshire. The river is in the Lakes Region of central New Hampshire. The river's drainage area is approximately 488 square miles (1,264 km2).

The river has two distinct sections. The upstream section consists of a series of river courses connecting a chain of lakes, beginning with Lake Winnipesaukee. From the dam at the outlet of Lake Winnipesaukee in the Lakeport section of Laconia, the river almost immediately enters Opechee Bay. 1 mile (1.6 km) down the lake, the river exits over a dam and drops through the center of Laconia, its banks lined by industrial buildings from the 19th century that were constructed to take advantage of the river's power. The 1 mile (1.6 km) section through Laconia ends at Winnisquam Lake, the fourth-largest lake in New Hampshire. A 5-mile (8 km) stretch across Winnisquam leads to the dam at the lake's outlet and a short descent to Silver Lake.

The river's lower section begins at the natural outlet of Silver Lake, on the boundary between Belmont and Tilton, New Hampshire. The river passes through the center of the twin towns of Tilton and Northfield, then descends through a narrow valley to Franklin where additional small dams use the river's power. From Tilton to Franklin, the river has a drop of up to 90 feet per mile (17 m/km), with challenging rapids for sport boaters who put in at Cross Mill Bridge and take out at the U.S. Route 3 Sanborn Bridge in downtown Franklin. A USGS water gage is in TiltonThe Winnipesaukee River joins the Pemigewasset River just downstream from the center of Franklin, forming the Merrimack River.

Places adjacent to Franklin, New Hampshire
Municipalities and communities of Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States
Other unincorporated

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