Frank Patrick (ice hockey)

Francis Alexis "Frank" Patrick (December 21, 1885 – June 29, 1960) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player, NHL head coach and manager. Raised in Montreal, Patrick moved to British Columbia with his family in 1907 to establish a lumber company. The family sold the company in 1910 and used the proceeds to establish the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA), the first major professional hockey league in the West. Patrick, who also served as president of the league, would take control of the Vancouver Millionaires, serving as a player, coach, and manager of the team. It was in the PCHA that Patrick would introduce many innovations to hockey that remain today, including uniform numbers, the blue line, the penalty shot, among others. His Millionaires won the Stanley Cup in 1915, the first team west of Manitoba to do so, and played for the Cup again in 1918.

In 1926 the league, which had since been renamed the Western Canada Hockey League and later Western Hockey League due to mergers, was sold to the eastern-based National Hockey League (NHL). Patrick would later join the NHL in 1933, serving first in an executive role for the league and then as coach for the Boston Bruins from 1934 to 1936. His brother Lester Patrick was also a professional ice hockey player, coach and executive.

Frank Patrick
Hockey Hall of Fame, 1950
Frank Patrick, Vancouver Millionaires
Patrick while a member of the Vancouver Millionaires, 1913–1914
Born December 21, 1885
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Died June 29, 1960 (aged 74)
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Height 5 ft 11 in (180 cm)
Weight 185 lb (84 kg; 13 st 3 lb)
Position Defence
Played for Vancouver Maroons (PCHA)
Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA)
Nelson Hockey Club (WKHL)
Renfrew Creamery Kings (NHA)
Montreal Victorias (ECAHA)
Playing career 1904–1924

Early life

Patrick was the son of a wealthy lumberman Joseph Patrick, who invented the idea of putting numbers on players' uniforms.[1]

Newsy Lalonde, Frank Patrick, and Cyclone Taylor while members of the Renfrew Creamery Kings, 1910.

While attending McGill University, Patrick played hockey from 1904 to 1908, winning the Queen's Cup championship in 1905 alongside his brother Lester Patrick. In 1907 Patrick moved with the rest of his family to Nelson, British Columbia, where Joseph established a lumber company. Patrick would spend the next several winters there, except for 1909–10 when he and his brother Lester joined the Renfrew Creamery Kings of the newly formed National Hockey Association (NHA). Well-regarded nationally as one of the top defenders in hockey, Patrick was paid $2,000 for the season, an extravagant amount at the time.[2] He scored 8 goals in 11 games for Renfrew, though the team failed to win the championship despite having some of the biggest names in the sport.[3]


Frank and Lester helped found the Pacific Coast Hockey Association. He played for the Vancouver Millionaires of that league from 1911–1918, winning a Stanley Cup in 1915. He also served as PCHA president until 1924. In addition, he was the owner of the Vancouver Amazons women's hockey team.


In 1926 the WCHA was sold to the NHL, and Patrick retired from hockey. However he returned to the game in 1933 when he became the managing director of the NHL in. Art Ross, manager and coach of the Boston Bruins, asked Patrick to replace him as coach of the Bruins in September, 1934, offering a salary of $10,500.[4] Patrick would coach the team for two seasons, being relieved of the position following the Bruins loss in the 1936 playoffs, amid allegations that he was drunk during the Bruins series against the Toronto Maple Leafs.[5]

Among Patrick's contributions to hockey were the blue line, the penalty shot, the boarding penalty, and the raising of the stick when a goal is scored, which he suggested. He also made a prophecy: "I dream of the day that teams will dress two goaltenders for each game." This became a reality in the NHL in 1964–65.

Later life

Frank Patrick was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame as a builder in 1950.[6] Patrick is also a member of the British Columbia Sports Hall of Fame, elected in 1966.

On June 29, 1960, Frank died of a heart attack exactly four weeks after his brother Lester died, also of a heart attack.

Contributions to women's ice hockey

As early as January 1916, Frank and his brother Lester talked of the formation of a women's league to complement the Pacific Coast Hockey Association.[7] The proposal included teams from Vancouver, Victoria, Portland and Seattle. The league never formed but in January 1917, the Vancouver News-Advertiser reported that wives of the Seattle Metropolitans had assembled a team. In February 1921, Frank announced a women's international championship series that would be played in conjunction with the Pacific Coast Hockey Association.[8]

Career statistics


Season Team League Regular season Playoffs
1903–04 Montreal Victorias CAHL 5 4 1 5 0 -- -- -- -- --
1904–05 Montreal Westmount CAHL 2 4 0 4 0 -- -- -- -- --
1905–06 McGill University CIAU 3 6 0 6 0 -- -- -- -- --
1906–07 McGill University CIAU 4 6 0 6 12 -- -- -- -- --
1907–08 Montreal Victorias ECAHA 8 7 2 9 6 -- -- -- -- --
1908–09 Nelson HC BCBHL 5 9 0 9 0 -- -- -- -- --
1909–10 Renfrew Creamery Kings NHA 11 8 0 8 23 -- -- -- -- --
1910–11 Nelson HC BCBHL 3 0 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- --
1911–12 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 15 23 0 23 0 -- -- -- -- --
1912–13 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 15 23 0 23 0 -- -- -- -- --
1913–14 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 14 12 8 20 17 -- -- -- -- --
1914–15 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 16 11 9 20 3 -- -- -- -- --
1914–15 Vancouver Millionaires St. Cup -- -- -- -- -- 3 2 1 3 0
1915–16 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 8 3 1 4 3 -- -- -- -- --
1916–17 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 23 13 13 26 30 -- -- -- -- --
1917–18 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 1 1 0 1 0 -- -- -- -- --
1922–23 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 2 0 1 1 0 -- -- -- -- --
1923–24 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 4 0 1 1 0 -- -- -- -- --


Season Team Regular season Playoffs
G W L OTL Pts Finish Result
1911–12 Vancouver Millionaires 15 7 8 0 14 2nd Out of playoff
1912–13 Vancouver Millionaires 14 7 7 0 14 2nd Out of playoff
1913–14 Vancouver Millionaires 16 7 9 0 14 3rd Out of playoff
1914–15 Vancouver Millionaires 17 13 4 0 26 1st Won Stanley Cup
1915–16 Vancouver Millionaires 18 9 9 0 18 2nd Out of playoff
1916–17 Vancouver Millionaires 23 14 9 0 28 2nd Out of playoff
1917–18 Vancouver Millionaires 18 9 9 0 18 2nd Won playoff vs Seattle, lost in Stanley Cup Final
1918–19 Vancouver Millionaires 20 12 8 0 24 1st Lost in playoff to Seattle
1924–25 Vancouver Maroons 28 12 16 0 24 5th Out of playoffs
1925–26 Vancouver Maroons 30 10 18 1 22 6th Out of playoffs
1929–30 Vancouver Lions 36 20 8 8 48 1st Defeated Portland in League Final
1934-35 Boston Bruins 48 26 16 6 58 1st in American Lost in semi-final
1935-36 Boston Bruins 48 22 20 6 50 2nd in American Lost in semi-final
NHL Total 96 48 36 12  

See also


  1. ^ Whitehead 1980, p. 127.
  2. ^ Cosentino 1990, p. 56.
  3. ^ Cosentino 1990, p. 171.
  4. ^ Whitehead 1980, p. 204.
  5. ^ Whitehead 1980, pp. 211–212.
  6. ^ Hockey Hall of Fame 2003, p. 20.
  7. ^ Women on Ice: The Early Years of Women's Hockey in Western Canada, Wayne Norton, p.120, Ronsdale Press, 2009, ISBN 978-1-55380-073-6
  8. ^ Women on Ice: The Early Years of Women's Hockey in Western Canada, Wayne Norton, p.115, Ronsdale Press, 2009, ISBN 978-1-55380-073-6


  • Bowlsby, Craig H. (2012), Empire of Ice: The Rise and Fall of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association, 1911–1926, Vancouver: Knights of Winter, ISBN 978-0-9691705-6-3
  • Cosentino, Frank (1990), The Renfrew Millionaires: The Valley Boys of Winter 1910, Burnstown, Ontario: General Store Publishing House, ISBN 0-919431-35-6
  • Hockey Hall of Fame (2003), Honoured Members: Hockey Hall of Fame, Bolton, Ontario: Fenn Publishing, ISBN 1-55168-239-7
  • McKinley, Michael (2000), Putting a Roof on Winter: Hockey's Rise from Sport to Spectacle, Vancouver: Greystone Books, ISBN 1-55054-798-4
  • Whitehead, Eric (1980), The Patricks: Hockey's Royal Family, New York City: Doubleday, ISBN 0-385-15662-6
  • Wong, John Chi-Kit (2005), Lords of the Rinks: The Emergence of the National Hockey League 1875–1936, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, ISBN 0-8020-8520-2

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Art Ross
Head coach of the Boston Bruins
Succeeded by
Art Ross
Frank (given name)

Frank is a masculine given name.

Ultimately from the Germanic tribal name of the Franks, in the early medieval Frankish Empire, the status of being "a Frank" became synonymous with that of a free man; hence also the English adjective frank (Middle English, from Old French franc, 12th century).

Use as a given name seems to arise already in the Carolingian period; the Old High German form Francho, Franko is on record from the 8th century. While Frank is a given name in its own right, in fact reflecting the Old Frankish form *Frank, the given name in the United States arose again in the 20th century as a short form of Francis (which is itself a shortening of Franciscus, i.e. "the Frenchman", in reference to Saint Francis of Assisi), as popularized by Frank Sinatra (born Francis Albert Sinatra, 1915–1998).

Frank Patrick

Frank Patrick is the name of:

Frank Patrick (running back) (1915–1992), American football player

Frank Patrick (quarterback) (born 1947), American football quarterback

Frank Patrick (ice hockey) (1885–1960), Canadian ice hockey player, coach and manager

Patrick (surname)

The surname Patrick has several origins. In some cases it is an Anglicised form of the Gaelic Mac Phádraig, derived from world elements meaning "son of Patrick". This Gaelic surname is derived from the Latin Patricius, which is in turn derived from word elements meaning "member of the patrician class". In other cases, the surname Patrick is a shortened form of the surnames Mulpatrick and Fitzpatrick. The surname Patrick is common in Ireland due to Scottish emigration. People with the surname Patrick include:

Alan Patrick (born 1991), Brazilian footballer

Alf Patrick (born 1921), English footballer

Alice Patrick (born 1948), American muralist

Allen Patrick (born 1984), American football running back

Allen Russell Patrick (1910–1995), Canadian politician

Andrea Patrick (born 1961), American model

Andrew G. Patrick (1907–1955), American architect

Arthur Patrick (born 1934), Australian theologian and historian

Ben Patrick (born 1984), American football tight end

Bill Patrick (footballer) (born 1932), Scottish footballer

Bill Patrick (sports anchor) (born 1955), American sportscaster

Bob Patrick (1917–1999), American baseball outfielder

Brenda Jean Patrick (born 1955), American educational consultant

Bronswell Patrick (born 1970), American baseball relief pitcher

Butch Patrick (born 1953), American actor

Cedeno Patrick (born 1983), American football player

Chris Patrick (born 1984), American football offensive tackle

Claude Patrick (born 1980), Canadian mixed martial arts fighter

Colin Patrick (1893–1942), British politician

Craig Patrick (born 1946), American hockey player, coach and general manager

Dan Patrick (born 1956), American sportscaster

Dan Patrick (Texas politician) (born 1950), American politician

Danica Patrick (born 1982), American auto racing driver

Danny Patrick (born 1972), British film director and screenwriter

Darrin Patrick, American author and pastor

David M. Patrick (born 1947), English organist

David Patrick (writer) (1849–1914), Scottish writer and editor

David Patrick (athlete) (born 1960), American hurdler

Dennis Patrick (1918–2002), American character actor

Dennis R. Patrick (born 1951), American Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission

Deval Patrick (born 1956), American politician

Diane Patrick (born 1951), American First Lady of Massachusetts

Diane Porter Patrick (born 1946), American politician

Dorothy Patrick (1921–1987), American film actress

Edwin D. Patrick (1894–1945), American general

Emily Patrick (born 1959), English painter

Eric Patrick, American filmmaker

Frank Patrick (running back) (1915–1992), American football player

Frank Patrick (quarterback) (born 1947), American football player

Frank Patrick (ice hockey) (1885–1960), Canadian ice hockey player

Fred Patrick (1965–1989), Dutch-Surinamese footballer

Gail Patrick (1911–1980), American film actress

Glenn Patrick (born 1950), American ice hockey player

Hugh Talbot Patrick (1860–1939), American neurologist

James MacIntosh Patrick (1907–1998), Scottish painter

James Patrick (British Army officer), British military officer

James Patrick (Canadian football) (born 1982), Canadian football cornerback

James Patrick (ice hockey) (born 1963), Canadian ice hockey defenceman

Jerome Patrick (1883–1923), American film actor

Jody Patrick (born 1978), Canadian badminton player

John Patrick (dramatist) (1905–1995), American playwright and screenwriter

John Patrick (meteorologist) (born 1974), American meteorologist

John Patrick (rugby union) (1898–1959), American rugby union player

John R. Patrick (born 1945), American businessperson

Johnny Patrick (born 1988), American football player

Jordan Patrick (born 1992), English footballer

Julian Patrick (1927–2009), American opera singer

Kae T. Patrick (born 1934), American politician

Kathy Patrick, American author and hairdresser

Katie Patrick (born 1980), Australian environmentalist

Larne Patrick (born 1988), English rugby league footballer

Laurdine "Pat" Patrick (1929–1991), American jazz musician

Lawrence Patrick (1920–2006), American auto safety researcher

Lee Patrick (actress) (1901–1982), American actress

Lee Patrick (saxophonist) (born 1938), American musician

Leonard Patrick (1913–2006), American mobster

Lester Patrick (1883–1960), Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Lucas Patrick (born 1993), American football player

Luther Patrick (1894–1957), American politician

Lynn Patrick (1912–1980), Canadian ice hockey centre

Marcus Patrick (born 1974), British actor

Margaret Patrick (1913–1994), American musician known as "Ebony"

Mark Patrick, American radio personality

Marsena R. Patrick (1811–1888), American general and college president

Mason Patrick (1863–1942), American general

Matt Patrick (footballer) (1919–2005), Scottish footballer

Matt Patrick (producer) (born 1974), American musician

Matthew Patrick (born 1952), American politician

Michael Patrick (born 1980), American lawyer

Michelle Patrick (born 1949), American television soap opera writer

Mike Patrick, American sportscaster

Mike Patrick (American football) (1952–2008), American football punter

Muzz Patrick (1916–1998), Canadian ice hockey player

Myles Patrick (born 1954), American basketball player

Nicholas Patrick (born 1964), American astronaut

Nick Patrick (actor), British actor

Nigel Patrick (1913–1981), English actor and stage director

Paul Patrick (1950–2008), English teacher and LGBT rights activist

Rhianna Patrick (born 1977), Australian radio personality

Richard Patrick (born 1968), American rock musician

Robert Patrick (born 1958), American actor

Robert Patrick (playwright) (born 1937), American playwright and writer

Ronald Patrick (born 1991), American football player

Roy Patrick (1935–1998), English footballer

Ruth Patrick (1907-2013), American botanist

Simon Patrick (1626–1707), English theologian and bishop

Stephen Patrick (born 1932), Canadian politician

Steve Patrick (born 1961), Canadian ice hockey player

Tara Patrick, birth name of Carmen Electra (born 1972), American actress

Tera Patrick (born 1976), American pornographic actress

Todd Patrick, music promoter

Trevor Patrick (born 1947), New Zealand rugby league footballer

U. E. Patrick, American auto racing team owner

Van Patrick (1916–1974), American sportscaster

Vincent Patrick, American novelist

Wayne Patrick (1946–2010), American football running back

William C. Patrick III (1926–2010), American microbiologist

William Donald Patrick, Lord Patrick (1889–1967), Scottish judge

William Patrick (Canadian politician) (1810–1883), Canadian clergyman and politician

William Patrick (author), American science editor

William Patrick (minister) (1791–1872), Scottish clergyman

William Penn Patrick (1930–1973), American businessman

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