Frank Maxwell Andrews

Lieutenant General Frank Maxwell Andrews (February 3, 1884 – May 3, 1943) was a senior officer of the United States Army and one of the founders of the United States Army Air Forces, which was later to become the United States Air Force. In leadership positions within the Army Air Corps, he succeeded in advancing progress toward a separate and independent Air Force where predecessors and allies such as Billy Mitchell had failed. Andrews was the first head of a centralized American air force and the first air officer to serve on the Army's general staff. In early 1943, he took the place of General Dwight D. Eisenhower as commander of all U.S. troops in the European Theater of Operations.

Andrews was killed in an airplane accident during an inspection tour in Iceland in 1943. He was the first of four lieutenant generals in the U.S. Army to die during the war, the others being Lesley J. McNair, Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr. and Millard Harmon. Joint Base Andrews in Maryland (formerly Andrews Air Force Base) is named after him, as well as Andrews Barracks (a kaserne in Berlin, Germany), Frank Andrews Boulevard at Alexandria International Airport (the former England AFB), in Louisiana, General Andrews Airport (demolished) in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, Andrews Engineering Building Eglin Air Force Base, Andrews Avenue in Pasay, Philippines and Andrews Theater at Keflavík Naval Base, Iceland.

Frank Maxwell Andrews
FMApic2
Nickname(s)"Andy"
BornFebruary 3, 1884
Nashville, Tennessee, United States
DiedMay 3, 1943 (aged 59)
Mount Fagradalsfjall, Iceland
Buried
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchUnited States Army
United States Army Air Forces
Years of service1906–1943
RankLieutenant General
Commands heldEuropean Theater of Operations
U.S. Army Forces in the Middle East
Caribbean Defense Command
Panama Air Force
General Headquarters Air Force
1st Pursuit Group
Battles/warsWorld War I
World War II
AwardsArmy Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Distinguished Flying Cross

Early life and World War I

Born in Nashville, Tennessee, Andrews was the grandson of a cavalry soldier who fought alongside Nathan Bedford Forrest and the great-great-nephew of two Tennessee governors, John C. Brown and Neill S. Brown.[1] He graduated from the city's Montgomery Bell Academy in 1901 and graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1906.[2]

Andrews graduated 42nd in his class and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 8th Cavalry on June 12, 1906, assigned to the Philippines from October 1906 to May 1907, and then to Fort Huachuca, Arizona. In 1912, he was promoted to an available billet as a first lieutenant in the 2nd Cavalry, at Fort Bliss, Texas, and in 1916 received a promotion to captain in the regiment while at Plattsburgh Barracks, New York.

The United States Army he joined was smaller than that of Bulgaria, but it gave the young second lieutenant ample opportunities to play polo, see the world (serving as aide-de-camp to General Montgomery M. Macomb in Hawaii between 1911 and 1913), and observe the high and low politics of leadership. After marrying Jeannette "Johnny" Allen, the high-spirited daughter of Major General Henry Tureman Allen, in 1914, Andrews gained entrée into elite inner circles of Washington society and within the military. They were the parents of three children: Josephine (1914-1977), Allen (1917-2008), and Jean (b. 1923).

A story related in the press many times during Andrews' lifetime claimed that General Allen forestalled aeronautical aspirations of his future son-in-law by declaring that no daughter of his would marry a flyer. Andrews' service records, however, show that his commanding officer in the Second Cavalry vetoed his application for temporary aeronautical duty with the Army Signal Corps in February 1914, a decision that held firm despite a plea from the Chief Signal Officer's for reconsideration by higher-ups.

After the United States entered World War I, Andrews was promoted to temporary major on August 5, 1917, and assigned over the objections of his cavalry commander to the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps as part of its wartime expansion. After staff duty in Washington, D.C. in the Office of the Chief Signal Officer between September 26, 1917, and April 25, 1918, Andrews went to Rockwell Field, California, for flying training. There, he earned a rating of Junior Military Aviator at the age of 34. As with nearly all mid-career officers detailed to the Aviation Section, Andrews did not serve in France but as an administrator in the huge training establishment created to provide pilots. He commanded various training airfields in Texas and Florida, and served in the war plans division of the Army General Staff in Washington, D.C. Following the war, he replaced Brigadier General Billy Mitchell as Air Officer of the Army of Occupation in Germany, which his father-in-law, General Allen, commanded. While in Germany, Andrews received his permanent establishment promotion to major, Cavalry, when the National Defense Act of 1920 took effect on July 1, and then transferred in grade to the Air Service, which the Act had made a combat arm of the Army, on August 6.

Air Service and Air Corps duty

After returning to the United States in 1923, Andrews again assumed command of Kelly Field, Texas, and he became the first commandant of the advanced flying school established there. In 1927, he attended the Air Corps Tactical School at Langley Field, Virginia, and the following year he went to the Army Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Promoted to lieutenant colonel, Andrews served as the chief of the Army Air Corps' Training and Operations Division in 1930–1931 before being replaced by the new Chief of the Air Corps, Major General Benjamin D. Foulois. He then commanded the 1st Pursuit Group at Selfridge Field, Michigan. After graduation from the Army War College in 1933, Andrews returned to the General Staff in 1934.

In March 1935, Andrews was appointed by Army Chief of Staff Douglas MacArthur to command the newly formed General Headquarters (GHQ) Air Force, which consolidated all the Army Air Corps' tactical units under a single commander. The Army promoted Andrews to brigadier general (temporary) and to major general (temporary) less than a year later.

A vocal proponent of the four-engine heavy bomber in general and the B-17 Flying Fortress in particular, General Andrews advocated the purchase of the B-17 in large numbers as the Army's standard bomber. MacArthur, however, was replaced as Chief of Staff by General Malin Craig in October 1935. Craig, who opposed any mission for the Air Corps except that of supporting ground forces, and the Army General Staff, actively opposing a movement for a separate air force, disagreed with Andrews that the B-17 had proven its superiority as a bomber over all other types. Instead it cut back on planned purchases of B-17s to procure smaller but cheaper (and inferior) twin-engine light and medium bombers such as the Douglas B-18.

Later career, and World War II

Lt. Gen. Andrews inspects the radio set at the C.P. of the Provisional Maneuver Force.
Lieutenant General Andrews (in the middle) inspects a radio set at the Command Post of the Provisional Maneuver Force in Puerto Rico, November 1941. Next to him are generals: James Lawton Collins and Harry C. Ingles.

Andrews was passed over for appointment as Chief of the Air Corps following the death of Major General Oscar Westover in September 1938, partly because of his aggressive support for strategic bombing.[3] He became a trusted air adviser to George C. Marshall, newly appointed as deputy chief of staff of the Army in 1938, but Andrews pushed too hard for the taste of more senior authorities.

In January 1939, after president Franklin D. Roosevelt had publicly called for a large expansion of the Air Corps, Andrews described the United States as a "sixth-rate airpower" at a speech to the National Aeronautic Association, antagonizing isolationist Secretary of War Harry Woodring, who was then assuring the public of U.S. air strength. At the end of Andrews' four-year term as Commanding General of GHQAF on March 1, he was not reappointed, reverted to his permanent rank of colonel, and was reassigned as air officer for the Eighth Corps Area in San Antonio, the same exile to which Billy Mitchell had been sent. Possibly expected to retire, he instead was recalled to Washington just four months later by Marshall after President Roosevelt named Marshall to serve as Chief of Staff following Craig's retirement. His first senior staff selection, Marshall's choice of Andrews and its permanent promotion to brigadier general prompted furious opposition from Woodring and others, over which Marshall prevailed after threatening to resign his new post. As Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations (G-3), he was in charge of readying the entire Army in the run-up to America's inevitable involvement in the war.[4]

In 1940, Andrews assumed control of the Air Corps' Panama Canal Air Force, and in 1941, he became commander of the Caribbean Defense Command, which had the critically important duty during World War II of defending the southern approaches to the United States, including the vital Panama Canal. In February 1942, General Andrews was in Aruba and witnessed the German submarine attack on the island. That same year he went to North Africa, where he spent three months in command of all United States forces in the Middle East from a base in Cairo.

At the Casablanca Conference in January 1943, Lieutenant General Andrews was appointed commander of all United States forces in the European Theater of Operations, replacing Dwight D. Eisenhower. In his memoirs, General Henry H. Arnold, commander of the Army Air Forces in World War II, expressed the belief that Andrews would have been given the command of the Allied invasion of Europe—the position that eventually went to General Eisenhower.[5] General Marshall would say, late in life, that Andrews was the only general he had a chance to groom for a possible Supreme Allied Command later in the war.[6]

Death

FMA crash photo1
U.S. Army personnel remove bodies from the wreckage of Andrews' B-24 after it struck a mountainside in Iceland, May 1943.
FMA grave-1
Andrews' grave at Arlington National Cemetery.

On May 3, 1943, during an inspection tour, Andrews was killed in the crash of the Hot Stuff, a B-24D-1-CO Liberator, of the 8th Air Force out of RAF Bovingdon, England, on Mt. Fagradalsfjall on the Reykjanes peninsula after an aborted attempt to land at the Royal Air Force station Kaldadarnes (Iceland). Andrews and thirteen others died in the crash; only the tail gunner, Staff Sergeant George A. Eisel of Columbus, Ohio, survived. Others killed in the crash included Adna Wright Leonard, presiding Methodist bishop of North America, who was on a pastoral tour; Chaplains Colonel Frank L. Miller (Washington, D.C.) and Major Robert H. Humphrey (Lynchburg, Va.), accompanying Bishop Leonard; Brigadier General Charles M. Barth (hometown Walter, Minn.), Andrews' chief of staff; Colonel Morrow Krum (Lake Forest, Ill.), press officer for the ETO; Lieutenant Colonel Fred A. Chapman (Grove Hill, Ala.) and Major Theodore C. Totman (Jamestown, N.Y.), senior aides to Andrews; pilot Captain Robert H. Shannon (Washington, Iowa), of the 330th Bombardment Squadron, 93rd Bomb Group; Captain Joseph T. Johnson (Los Angeles); navigator Captain James E. Gott (Berea, Ky.); Master Sergeant Lloyd C. "George" Weir (McRae, Ark.); Technical Sergeant Kenneth A. Jeffers (Oriskany Falls, N.Y.); and Staff Sergeant Paul H. McQueen (Endwell, N.Y.).[7]

The B-24D Liberator that crashed, named Hot Stuff, is on record as being the first heavy bomber in the 8th Air Force to complete 25 missions. The plane and its crew also flew 5 more before being pulled to go back to the United States. "Hot Stuff" flew the 25th mission on February 7, 1943, three and a half months before "Memphis Belle", but as it was destroyed in the crash, the War Department chose to send the B-17 home and celebrate it as the first one.

Andrews was the highest-ranking Allied officer to die in the line of duty to that time in the war.[8] At the time of his death, he was Commanding General, United States Forces, European Theatre of Operations. Camp Springs Army Air Field, Maryland, was renamed Andrews Field (later Joint Base Andrews Naval Air Facility), for him on 7 February 1945.[9][10]

Andrews is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

Legacy

Joint Base Andrews, located a few miles southeast of Washington, D.C. and the home base of Air Force One, is named in honor of Andrews.

A Royal Air Force airfield called RAF Station Great Saling, in England was renamed after him, Andrews Field, in Essex England. It was the first airfield constructed in 1943 by army engineers in the United Kingdom during World War II. It was notable as having been the only renamed US airfield in the United Kingdom during World War II. It was used by the USAAF 96th Bombardment Group (Heavy) and the 322nd Bombardment Group (Medium) during the war, and also by several RAF squadrons before being closed in 1946. Today, a small part of the former wartime airfield is still in use as a small private flying facility.

Andrews Avenue, a road leading to the Philippines' Ninoy Aquino International Airport Terminal 3 was named after him.

See also

  • Heinkel He 111 during the Battle of Britain.jpg World War II portal

References

  1. ^ Nashville Banner, 5 May 1943
  2. ^ Marquis Who's Who, Inc. Who Was Who in American History, the Military. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1975. P. 12 ISBN 0837932017 OCLC 657162692
  3. ^ Arnold was selected over Andrews, who was senior, because he was the incumbent Assistant Chief of Air Corps, was well-qualified, and because Army Chief of Staff Craig threatened to resign if Arnold was not appointed.
  4. ^ Copp, DeWitt S. (2003), Frank M. Andrews: Marshall's Airman, Air Force History and Museums Program, Washington, D.C., pp. 16–17.
  5. ^ in Global Mission, 1949 memoir
  6. ^ Pogue, Forrest C. George C. Marshall Interviews and Reminiscences for Forrest C. Pogue. Lexington, Virginia: George C. Marshall Research Foundation, 1991; pp. 565, 582.
  7. ^ "Toll in Iceland Accident Now 14; Storm Warning Went Unheeded," Washington Post, May 6, 1943.
  8. ^ Copp, DeWitt S., "Forged In Fire", The Air Force Historical Foundation, Doubleday & Company, Garden City, New York, 1982, Library of Congress card number 81-43265, ISBN 0-385-15911-0, pages 393–395.
  9. ^ Mueller, Robert, "Air Force Bases Volume 1: Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982", United States Air Force Historical Research Center, Office of Air Force History, Washington, D.C., 1989, ISBN 0-912799-53-6, page 5.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 9, 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Commanding General of U.S. Army Europe
4 February – 3 May 1943
Succeeded by
Jacob L. Devers
Andrews Air Force Base

Andrews Air Force Base (Andrews AFB, AAFB) is the airfield portion of Joint Base Andrews which is under the jurisdiction of the United States Air Force. In 2009, Andrews Air Force Base merged with Naval Air Facility Washington to form Joint Base Andrews. Andrews is the home base of two Boeing VC-25A aircraft with the call sign Air Force One when the president is on board, that serve the President of the United States.The host unit at Andrews is the 11th Wing, assigned to the Air Force District of Washington. It is responsible for maintaining emergency reaction rotary-wing airlift and other National Capital Region contingency response capabilities critical to national security, and for organizing, training, equipping and deploying combat-ready forces for Air and Space Expeditionary Forces (AEFs). The wing commander is Colonel Kenneth R. Rizer. The Command Chief Master Sergeant is Chief Master Sergeant Anthony Brinkley.For statistical purposes the base is delineated as a census-designated place by the U.S. Census Bureau. As of the 2010 census, the resident population was 2,973.

Andrews Avenue

Andrews Avenue is a major east-west thoroughfare in Metro Manila, Philippines that functions as a metropolitan linkage between Pasay and Taguig. It runs underneath the NAIA Expressway almost parallel to Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) to the north connecting Roxas Boulevard and Domestic Road near Bay City with South Luzon Expressway near Newport City. It has an arterial extension continuing 3.4 kilometers (2 miles) northeast to Fifth Avenue and McKinley Road in Bonifacio Global City known as Lawton Avenue.

Andrews Avenue also serves as the main feeder to Ninoy Aquino International Airport from the east and west and is the main access road to Resorts World Manila.

Combined Chiefs of Staff

The Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) was the supreme military staff for the United States and Great Britain during World War II. It set all the major policy decisions for the two nations, subject to the approvals of Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Franklin D Roosevelt.

Consolidated B-24 Liberator

The Consolidated B-24 Liberator is an American heavy bomber, designed by Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California. It was known within the company as the Model 32, and some initial production aircraft were laid down as export models designated as various LB-30s, in the Land Bomber design category.

At its inception, the B-24 was a modern design featuring a highly efficient shoulder-mounted, high aspect ratio Davis wing. The wing gave the Liberator a high cruise speed, long range and the ability to carry a heavy bomb load. Early RAF Liberators were the first aircraft to cross the Atlantic Ocean as a matter of routine. In comparison with its contemporaries, the B-24 was relatively difficult to fly and had poor low-speed performance; it also had a lower ceiling and was less robust than the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress. While aircrews tended to prefer the B-17, General Staff favored the B-24 and procured it in huge numbers for a wide variety of roles. At approximately 18,500 units – including over 4,600 manufactured by Ford Motor Company – it holds records as the world's most produced bomber, heavy bomber, multi-engine aircraft, and American military aircraft in history.

The B-24 was used extensively in World War II. It served in every branch of the American armed forces as well as several Allied air forces and navies. It saw use in every theater of operations. Along with the B-17, the B-24 was the mainstay of the US strategic bombing campaign in the Western European theater. Due to its range, it proved useful in bombing operations in the Pacific, including the bombing of Japan. Long-range anti-submarine Liberators played an instrumental role in closing the Mid-Atlantic gap in the Battle of the Atlantic. The C-87 transport derivative served as a longer range, higher capacity counterpart to the Douglas C-47 Skytrain.

By the end of World War II, the technological breakthroughs of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress and other modern types had surpassed the bombers that served from the start of the war. The B-24 was rapidly phased out of U.S. service, although the PB4Y-2 Privateer maritime patrol derivative carried on in service with the U.S. Navy in the Korean War.

Distinguished Flying Cross (United States)

The Distinguished Flying Cross is a military decoration awarded to any officer or enlisted member of the United States Armed Forces who distinguishes himself or herself in support of operations by "heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight, subsequent to November 11, 1918."

Frank Andrews

Frank Andrews may refer to:

Frank Andrews (politician) (1854–1924), farmer, educator and political figure in Nova Scotia, Canada

Frank Andrews (Texan) (1864–1936), First Assistant Attorney General of Texas

Frank Andrews (rugby) (1886–1944), Welsh rugby union and rugby league footballer

Frank Andrews (singer) (born 1985), contestant from Season 2 of New Zealand Idol

Frank Andrews (actor) (c. 1860–1935), Broadway and silent film actor in The Warrens of Virginia (1924 film)

Frank Maxwell Andrews (1884–1943), Lieutenant General, Air Corps, U.S. Army

Frank Mills Andrews (1867–1948), American architect

Henry Tureman Allen

Major General Henry Tureman Allen (April 13, 1859 – August 29, 1930) was a senior United States Army officer known for exploring the Copper River in Alaska in 1885 along with the Tanana and Koyukuk rivers by transversing 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of wilderness. His trek has been compared by Nelson A. Miles to that of Lewis and Clark.

Henry was born in Sharpsburg, Kentucky. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1882, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the cavalry. He served on the staff of General Nelson Miles. He later served as a military attaché to Russia (1890–1895) and Germany (1897–1898). Allen also served in the Spanish–American War in the Battle of El Caney.

Allen was then stationed to the Philippines to serve as military governor of Leyte in 1901. Eventually he organized and commanded the Philippine Constabulary, before going on in 1904 as an observer with the Japanese Army in Korea.

In August 1917, during World War I, Allen was promoted to brigadier general and given command of the 90th Infantry Division, a National Army (present-day United States Army Reserve) division based in Texas. His instructions were to bring them to full strength and convey them to the Western Front in June 1918.Allen succeeded Pierrepont Noyes as U.S. Commissioner in the Inter-Allied Rhineland High Commission.Allen is buried in Arlington National Cemetery under a statue designed by the sculptor Albert Jaegers.

Index of World War II articles (F)

F-34 tank gun

F Kikan

F. Burke Jones

F. F. E. Yeo-Thomas

F. F. Worthington

F. H. Maynard

F. Lorée

F. Rogues

F. Ross Holland, Jr.

F. S. Bell

F. W. Winterbotham

Föhrenwald

Förbundet Arbetarfront

F1 grenade (Russia)

Fab Morvan

Fabian Bourzat

Fabian von Schlabrendorff

Fabien Barthez

Fabien Galthié

Fabrice Abriel

Fabrice Fiorèse

Fabrice Moreau

Fabrice Pancrate

Fabrice Poullain

Fabrikaktion

Faces of War

FAI armoured car

Faidherbe - Chaligny (Paris Métro)

Fairbairn-Sykes Fighting Knife

Fairchild K-20

Fairchild PT-19

Fairey Firefly

Fairey Fulmar

Fairfax Airport

Fairmont Army Airfield

Fairplex

Faisal of Saudi Arabia

Faithful Service Medal

Faja de Oro

Falaise pocket

Fall Grün (Czechoslovakia)

Fall of Berlin - 1945

Fall Weiss (1939)

Fallschirm-Panzer Division 1 Hermann Göring

Fallschirmjäger-Regiment Hübner

Fallschirmjäger

Falstad concentration camp

Faneva Imà Andriantsima

Fang Zhenwu

Fannrem concentration camp

Fantasy in the Sky

Fantasyland

Far East Air Force (United States)

Far East Prisoners of War

Far Eastern Commission

Far Eastern Front (Soviet Union)

Far Eastern Liaison Office

Fareinigte Partizaner Organizacje

Farewell of Slavianka

Farewell to Manzanar

Farhud

Farley Mowat

Farouk of Egypt

Fascism and Big Business

Fascism as an international phenomenon

Fast Attack Craft War Badge

Fast Carrier Task Force

Fat Man and Little Boy

Fat Man

Fateless (film)

Fatema Mernissi

Father (film)

Father Goose (film)

Father Jean Bernard

Father Raskin

Fatherland (novel)

Fathom Five (novel)

Fats Everett

Faurisson affair

Faux Soir

Favorite (Q195)

Fay B. Begor

Fazal Din

FBI Silvermaster File

FC Grenoble

FC Nantes

FCM 36

FCM F1

Featherston prisoner of war camp

February strike

FECOMZ

Federal Expellee Law

Federal State of Croatia

Federation of Expellees

Fedor Dragojlov

Fedor Tokarev

Fedor von Bock

Feldafing displaced persons camp

Feldjägerkorps

Feldmann case

Feldzug in Polen

Felice Schragenheim

Felicity Peake

Feliks Konarski

Felix Alfarth

Felix Bloch

Felix Fechenbach

Felix Kersten

Felix L. Sparks

Felix Landau

Felix Nussbaum

Felix of Bourbon-Parma

Felix Pollaczek

Felix Steiner

Felix Stump

Felix Z. Longoria, Jr.

Fellowship of the Bellows

Felsennest

Female guards in Nazi concentration camps

Female roles in the world wars

Femaru 37M

Feng-Shan Ho

Feng Baiju

Feng Chian

Feng Qinzai

Feng Yuxiang

Feng Zhanhai

Feng Zhi'an

Fenris (comics)

Ferdinand Ďurčanský

Ferdinand André Fouqué

Ferdinand Brunetière

Ferdinand de Lesseps

Ferdinand Foch

Ferdinand Heim

Ferdinand J. Chesarek

Ferdinand James von Rothschild

Ferdinand Lot

Ferdinand Marcos

Ferdinand Maurice Felix West

Ferdinand Oliver Porsche

Ferdinand Schörner

Ferdinand von Bredow

Ferdinand von Lüninck

Ferdinand von Sammern-Frankenegg

Ferdinand Walsin Esterhazy

Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski

Ferenc Hirzer

Ferenc Keserű

Ferenc Muller

Ferenc Szálasi

Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle

Fernand Braudel

Fernand Canelle

Fernand Cormon

Fernand de Brinon

Fernand Delarge

Fernand Feyaerts

Fernand Gambiez

Fernand Holweck

Fernand Sanz

Fernande Bochatay

Fernando Henrique Cardoso

Fernando Mezzasoma

Ferruccio Parri

Festung Norwegen

Festung Warschau

FG 42

FH Phantom

Fiat-Revelli Modello 1935

Fiat BR.20

Fiat CR.32

Fiat CR.42

Fiat G.12

Fiat G.50

Fiat G.55

Fiat L6/40

Fiat M11/39

Fiat M13/40

Fiat M14/41

Fiction based on World War II

Fidel LaBarba

Fidél Pálffy

Field Army Bernolák

Field Artillery Tractor

Fieseler Fi 156

Fieseler Fi 167

Fieseler Fi 98

Fifinella

Fifteenth Air Force

Fifteenth Army (Japan)

Fifteenth United States Army

Fifth Air Force

Fifth Army (United Kingdom)

Fifth Encirclement Campaign

Fifth Encirclement Campaign

Fifth United States Army

Fiftieth Army (Japan)

Fifty-Eighth Army (Japan)

Fifty-Fifth Army (Japan)

Fifty-First Army (Japan)

Fifty-Fourth Army (Japan)

Fifty-Ninth Army (Japan)

Fifty-Second Army (Japan)

Fifty-Seventh Army (Japan)

Fifty-Sixth Army (Japan)

Fifty-Third Army (Japan)

Fighter Ace

Fighter Pilots Conspiracy

Fighter Squadron: The Screamin' Demons Over Europe

Fighter Squadron

Fighter: The True Story of the Battle of Britain

Fighting for Freedom

Fighting Norway

Fighting Steel

Filimon Sârbu

Filip Müller

Filipe Teixeira

Filipp Oktyabrskiy

Filles du Calvaire (Paris Métro)

Filthy Thirteen

Final Impact

Final Round - WWII miniatures wargame

Final Solution

Finisterre Range campaign

Finito Benito

Finnish 3rd Division (Continuation War)

Finnish 4th Division (Winter War)

Finnish 6th Division (Continuation War)

Finnish 6th Division (Winter War)

Finnish Armoured Division

Finnish Army (1939)

Finnish coastal defence ship Ilmarinen

Finnish coastal defence ship Väinämöinen

Finnish conquest of East Karelia (1941)

Finnish Democratic Republic

Finnish frigate Hämeenmaa

Finnish frigate Matti Kurki

Finnish frigate Uusimaa

Finnish gunboat Hämeenmaa

Finnish gunboat Karjala

Finnish gunboat Klas Horn

Finnish gunboat Matti Kurki

Finnish gunboat Turunmaa

Finnish gunboat Uusimaa

Finnish I Corps (Winter War)

Finnish II Corps (Winter War)

Finnish III Corps (Continuation War)

Finnish III Corps (Winter War)

Finnish Infantry Regiment 200

Finnish IV Corps (Winter War)

Finnish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union

Finnish reconquest of Ladoga Karelia (1941)

Finnish reconquest of the Karelian Isthmus (1941)

Finnish Volunteer Battalion of the Waffen-SS

Finnish war children

Fire and Ice: The Winter War of Finland and Russia

Fire balloon

Fire Control Towers

Fire on the Mountain (1996 film)

Firepower (video game)

Fires on the Plain (film)

Fires on the Plain

Fires Were Started

Firmin Didot

First Air Force

First air raid on Singapore

First Allied Airborne Army

First American shots fired in World War II

First anti-Partisan offensive

First Army (Australia)

First Army (Bulgaria)

First Army (Hungary)

First Army (Italy)

First Army (United Kingdom)

First Army (Yugoslavia)

First Battalion

First Battle of El Alamein

First Battle of Sirte

First Canadian Army

First Encirclement Campaign against Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet

First Encirclement Campaign against Hubei-Henan-Shaanxi Soviet

First Encirclement Campaign against Honghu Soviet

First Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet

First Encirclement Campaign against Shaanxi-Gansu Soviet

First Indian National Army

First period of World War II

First Sisak Partisan Detachment

First Taiwan Strait Crisis

First they came...

First United Front

First United States Army Group

First United States Army

First Vienna Award

Fischia il vento

Fission Product Pilot Plant

Fitzroy Maclean

Five for Hell

Five Graves to Cairo

Flag Group

Flag of Manchukuo

Flags of Our Fathers (film)

Flags of Our Fathers

Flak Bait

Flak tower

Flakpanzer 38(t)

Flame of Liberty

Flamethrower, Portable, No 2

Flammenwerfer 35

Fleet Faction

Flemming Muus

Flensburg government

Flensburg radar detector

Fletcher Thompson

Flettner Fl 184

Flettner Fl 282

Flettner

Flick Trial

Fliegerfaust/Luftfaust

Fliegerführer Afrika

Flight and expulsion of Germans from Poland during and after World War II

Flight and expulsion of Germans from Romania during and after World War II

Flight from Ashiya

Flight Lieutenant (film)

Flight of the Norwegian National Treasury

Florence American Cemetery and Memorial

Florence Delay

Florence Jaffray Harriman

Florence Kirsch Du Brul

Florence Picaut

Florent Carton Dancourt

Florentine Rost van Tonningen

Florentius Volusenus

Florian Marciniak

Florian Maurice

Florida Holocaust Museum

Florida World War II Army Airfields

Florin Bratu

Flossenbürg concentration camp

Flower-class corvette

Floyd Hicks

Floyd K. Lindstrom

Floyd Matthews

Fluctuat nec mergitur

Flugmotorenwerke Ostmark

Flugzeugträger B

Flyboys: A True Story of Courage

Flying Leathernecks

Flying Regiment 19, Finnish Air Force

Flying Regiment 4, Finnish Air Force

Flying submarine

Flying Tigers (film)

Flying Tigers

FM 24/29 light machine gun

FN BAR

Führer Begleit Brigade

Führer Grenadier Brigade

Führer Headquarters

Führer

Führerbunker

Führerprinzip

Fürstengrube subcamp

Fürth

Focke-Wulf Fw 187

Focke-Wulf Fw 189

Focke-Wulf Fw 190

Focke-Wulf Fw 191

Focke-Wulf Fw 200

Focke-Wulf Fw 300

Focke-Wulf Fw 42

Focke-Wulf Fw 44

Focke-Wulf Fw 56

Focke-Wulf Fw 57

Focke-Wulf Fw 58

Focke-Wulf Fw 61

Focke-Wulf Project I

Focke-Wulf Project II

Focke-Wulf Project III

Focke-Wulf Project VII

Focke-Wulf Project VIII

Focke-Wulf Ta 152

Focke-Wulf Ta 153

Focke-Wulf Ta 154

Focke-Wulf Ta 183

Focke-Wulf Ta 283

Focke-Wulf Ta 400

Focke-Wulfe Fw 57

Focke Achgelis Fa 223

Focke Achgelis Fa 330

Fodil Hadjadj

Fog Investigation and Dispersal Operation (FIDO)

Foibe massacres

Fokker A.I

Fokker B.I (1915)

Fokker B.II (1916)

Fokker C.I

Fokker D.I

Fokker D.II

Fokker D.III

Fokker D.IV

Fokker D.V

Fokker D.VI

Fokker D.VII

Fokker D.VIII

Fokker Dr.I

Fokker E.I

Fokker E.II

Fokker E.III

Fokker E.IV

Fokker F.I (1917)

Fokker K.I

Fokker M.16

Fokker M.5

Fokker M.7

Fokker V.1

Fokker V.17

Fokker V.2

Fokker V.27

Fokker V.4

Fokker V.6

Fokker V.7

Fokker V.9

Folies Bergère

Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques

Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Shoah

Fontaine-Michalon (Paris RER)

Foo fighter

Food for Fighters

Forbes Howie

Forbidden (1984 film)

Forbidden Games

Force 10 from Navarone (film)

Force 10 From Navarone (novel)

Force 136

Force Acts

Force K

Forced labor in Germany during World War II

Forced labor of Germans in the Soviet Union

Forced labor of Hungarians in the Soviet Union

Forced Landing

Forced prostitution in German armed forces

Ford Fordor

Ford GPA

Ford Island

Foreign Economic Administration

Foreign forced labor in the Soviet Union

Foreign relations of Vichy France

Foreign U-Boats

Forest Brothers

Forest of the Gods

Forest of the Martyrs

Forest swastika

Forgiving Dr. Mengele

Forgotten Voices of the Second World War

Formations of the United States Army during World War II

Former Indian National Army Monument

Forrest B. Royal

Forrest E. Everhart

Forrest E. Peden

Forrest L. Vosler

Forrest Pogue

Forrest S. Petersen

Fort Banks

Fort Bell Army Airfield

Fort Breendonk

Fort d'Aubervilliers (Paris Métro)

Fort Devens, Massachusetts

Fort Hommet 10.5 cm Coastal Defence Gun Casement Bunker

Fort Lincoln Internment Camp

Fort Missoula Internment Camp

Fort Stockton-Pecos County Airport

Fortieth Army (Japan)

Fortunes of War (tv series)

Forty-First Army (Japan)

Forty-Fourth Army (Japan)

Forty-Third Army (Japan)

Foster Furcolo

Fotis Kafatos

Fouad Bouguerra

Four-Power Authorities

Four Chaplains

Four Freedoms (Norman Rockwell)

Four Freedoms Monument

Four Freedoms

Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (film)

Four Policemen

Four Year Plan

Fourteenth Air Force

Fourteenth Army (United Kingdom)

Fourteenth United States Army

Fourth Air Force

Fourth Army (National Revolutionary Army)

Fourth Army (United Kingdom)

Fourth Encirclement Campaign against Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet

Fourth Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet

Fourth strategic offensive

Fourth United States Army

Fousseni Diawara

Fox Armoured Car

Fox on the Rhine

Foxer

Foxhall P. Keene

Foy Draper

Foyle's War

FP-45 Liberator

FR Suffren

Frøslev Prison Camp

Fragmentation grenade wz.1933

Fran Albreht

Franc Frakelj

Franc Rozman

France Antelme

France Bloch-Serazin

France Falls

France Gall

France in the twentieth century

Frane Katalinić

Francesco De Martini

Francesco Domenico Chiarello

Francesco Mimbelli

Francine Neago

Francis (1950 film)

Francis Anthony Blair Fasson

Francis Arthur Jefferson

Francis B. Wai

Francis Balle

Francis Biddle

Francis Burchell

Francis C. Flaherty

Francis Cammaerts

Francis Cherry

Francis Clark Howell

Francis Crick

Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe

Francis E. Walter

Francis Festing

Francis G. Slack

Francis George Miles

Francis Grevemberg

Francis H. McAdams

Francis Hassett

Francis Hunter

Francis J. Clark

Francis Junior Pierce

Francis Llacer

Francis P. Matthews

Francis Piasecki

Francis Poulenc

Francis Pym

Francis Pélissier

Francis Rodd, 2nd Baron Rennell

Francis S. Currey

Francis Simon

Francis Smerecki

Francis Steinmetz

Francis Stuart

Francis Suttill

Francis Tuker

Francis W. Nye

Francis Wilson (rugby union footballer)

Francis X. McGraw

Francisc Panet

Francisco Boix

Francisco Franco

Francisco Mercado, Jr.

Franciszek Błażej

Franciszek Gajowniczek

Franciszek Gruszka

Franciszek Kleeberg

Franciszek Pokorny

Franciszek Szymczyk

Franck Dja Djedje

Franck Gava

Franck Report

Franck Signorino

Franco-Polish Military Alliance

Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance

Franco Bordoni

Franco Nones

Francs-tireurs

Franja Partisan Hospital

Franjo Džal

Franjo Šimić

Franjo Kluz

Franjo Tuđman

Frank A. Armstrong

Frank Barlow (Coronation Street)

Frank Beaurepaire

Frank Bell (educator)

Frank Bleichman

Frank Bonilla

Frank Buckles

Frank Burke (Medal of Honor recipient)

Frank Byers

Frank Capra

Frank Church

Frank Crowther Roberts

Frank D. Peregory

Frank Durbin

Frank E. Rodgers

Frank F. Everest

Frank Foley

Frank G. Clement

Frank Gerald Blaker

Frank Goettge

Frank H. Ono

Frank Herbert

Frank Horton Berryman

Frank Hughes (sport shooter)

Frank Hussey

Frank J. Jirka, Jr.

Frank J. Petrarca

Frank Jack Fletcher

Frank Jarvis

Frank John Partridge

Frank Kelly Freas

Frank Kendall Everest, Jr.

Frank Knox

Frank Kowalski

Frank Kriz

Frank Kurtz

Frank Lautenberg

Frank Lilley

Frank M. Clark

Frank M. Coffin

Frank MacKey

Frank Mancuso

Frank Margerin

Frank Maxwell Andrews

Frank Merrill

Frank Messer

Frank Messervy

Frank Minis Johnson

Frank Murphy

Frank N. Ikard

Frank N. Mitchell

Frank Newhook

Frank O'Hara

Frank O. Slater

Frank Oppenheimer

Frank P. Witek

Frank Pace

Frank Pantridge

Frank Pickersgill

Frank Press

Frank Pullen

Frank R. Walker

Frank Reginald Carey

Frank Renouf

Frank Rosenfelt

Frank Ryan (Irish republican)

Frank S. Besson, Jr.

Frank Sheeran

Frank Spedding

Frank Steer

Frank Sutton

Frank Tripucka

Frank W. Mayborn

Frank W. Milburn

Frank Walus

Frank William Foster

Frank Wisner

Frank Woodrow O’Flaherty

Frankfurt Auschwitz Trials

Frankie Albert

Frankie Yankovic

Franklin A. Hart

Franklin Charles Gimson

Franklin D. Roosevelt (Paris Métro)

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr.

Franklin E. Sigler

Franklin Littell

Franklin Sousley

Franklin Van Valkenburgh

Frankolovo crime

Franky Vercauteren

František Fajtl

František Janda-Suk

František Moravec

František Peřina

Frantz Reichel

Franz-Josef Beerenbrock

Franz Aigner (weightlifter)

Franz Alt (mathematician)

Franz Altheim

Franz Anton Basch

Franz Augsberger

Franz Böckli

Franz Böhme

Franz Bürkl

Franz Buchner

Franz Burri

Franz Bäke

Franz Dörr

Franz Duhne

Franz Eisenach

Franz Gürtner

Franz Griesbach

Franz Halder

Franz Hayler

Franz Hofer

Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein

Franz Jägerstätter

Franz Kaufmann

Franz Kemper

Franz Künstler

Franz Kröwerath

Franz Kraus

Franz Krienbühl

Franz Krumm

Franz Kutschera

Franz Leopold Neumann

Franz Liebkind

Franz Machon

Franz Mesmer

Franz Pfeffer von Salomon

Franz Rademacher

Franz Reizenstein

Franz Ritter von Epp

Franz Ruff

Franz Schall

Franz Schiess

Franz Schlegelberger

Franz Schwede

Franz Seldte

Franz Six

Franz Stangl

Franz Stock

Franz von Papen

Franz von Werra

Franz Walter Stahlecker

Franz Xaver Schwarz

Franz Ziereis

Franz, Duke of Bavaria

François-Auguste Parseval-Grandmaison

François-Eudes de Mézeray

François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg

François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis

François-Joseph-Philippe de Riquet

François-Joseph Talma

François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois

François-René de Chateaubriand

François-Timoléon de Choisy

François-Urbain Domergue

François-Xavier-Joseph Droz

François Andrieux

François Arago

François Barois

François Boucher

François Brandt

François Brisson

François Charpentier

François Cheng

François Christophe de Kellermann

François Connan

François Coppée

François Coty

François Couperin

François Darlan

François Dauverné

François de Beauvilliers, 1st duc de Saint-Aignan

François de Callières

François de Clermont-Tonnerre

François de Harlay de Champvallon

François de La Mothe Le Vayer

François de La Rocque

François de Neufchâteau

François Debeauvais

François Ducaud-Bourget

François Duprat

François Furet

François Félix

François Fénelon

François Gangloff

François Guizot

François Jacob

François Joseph Lefebvre

François Juste Marie Raynouard

François Le Leve

François le Métel de Boisrobert

François Lemasson

François M'Pelé

François Magendie

François Maspero

François Mauriac

François Maynard

François Mignet

François Mitterrand

François Nourissier

François Ponsard

François Pétis de la Croix

François Simiand

François Spirito

François Tristan l'Hermite

François Truffaut

François Villon

Françoise-Marguerite de Sévigné

Françoise d'Eaubonne

Françoise Dior

Françoise Dorléac

Françoise Hardy

Françoise Héritier

Françoise Rosay

Frascati bombing raid September 8, 1943

Frau Solf Tea Party

Frauenschaft

Fred A. Leuchter

Fred Anton Maier

Fred B. Rooney

Fred Baker

Fred Bardshar

Fred Blassie

Fred Chaney, senior

Fred Cogswell

Fred Dutton

Fred Faulkner Lester

Fred Fisher (lawyer)

Fred Hargesheimer

Fred J. Christensen

Fred Jones (comics)

Fred Kenneth Moore

Fred Kite

Fred Korematsu

Fred Lauer

Fred Marsh

Fred O'Conner

Fred Tootell

Fred Tuttle

Fred Wander

Fred Wick

Freddie Anderson

Freddie Cox

Freddie de Guingand

Freddie Spencer Chapman

Freddy Schmidt

Frederic Bennett

Frederic H. Smith, Jr.

Frederic John Walker

Frederic Seebohm, Baron Seebohm

Frederic Tuten

Frederic Wake-Walker

Frederick Agnew Gill

Frederick Albert Tilston

Frederick Ashworth

Frederick Augustus Irving

Frederick B. Dent

Frederick Bayer

Frederick Bowhill

Frederick Boylstein

Frederick Browning

Frederick C. Bock

Frederick C. Murphy

Frederick Charles Adler

Frederick Christian (cricketer)

Frederick Corfield

Frederick Cuming

Frederick Curtice Davis

Frederick Cushing Cross, Jr.

Frederick Dalrymple-Hamilton

Frederick E. Morgan

Frederick Etchen

Frederick Freake

Frederick Funston-class attack transport

Frederick George Topham

Frederick Gordon-Lennox, 9th Duke of Richmond

Frederick J. Clarke

Frederick J. Karch

Frederick Kisch

Frederick Kroesen

Frederick Lane

Frederick Leathers, 1st Viscount Leathers

Frederick Lois Riefkohl

Frederick Luke

Frederick Moloney

Frederick Moosbrugger

Frederick Mulley

Frederick Nolting

Frederick Ponsonby, 10th Earl of Bessborough

Frederick Randall

Frederick Rosier

Frederick Sanger

Frederick Sheffield

Frederick Styles Agate

Frederick Thornton Peters

Frederick W. Mote

Frederick Walker Castle

Frederick Warner (diplomat)

Frederick Warren Purdy

Frederick William Kaltenbach

Frederick William Palmer

Fredric Landelius

Fredric Warburg

Fredrik Jensen

Free Belgian Forces

Free China (Second Sino-Japanese War)

Free French Air Force

Free French Forces

Free French Naval Air Service

Free French Naval Forces

Free Republic of Schwarzenberg

Free Society of Teutonia

Free Thai Movement

Free World (World War II)

Freedom Comes High

Freedom from Fear (painting)

Freedom from Want (painting)

Freedom of Speech (painting)

Freedom to Worship (painting)

Freeman Barnardo

Freeman Dyson

Freeman Field Mutiny

Freeman V. Horner

Freiberg subcamp

French-Canadian Brigade

French-Thai War

French 9th Armoured Company (World War II)

French Academy of Sciences

French aircraft carrier Béarn

French and European Nationalist Party

French armoured fighting vehicle production during World War II

French battleship Bretagne

French battleship Courbet (1911)

French battleship Dunkerque

French battleship Jean Bart (1940)

French battleship Lorraine

French battleship Paris

French battleship Provence

French battleship Richelieu

French battleship Strasbourg

French Committee of National Liberation

French corvette Aconit

French Crown Jewels

French cruiser Émile Bertin

French cruiser Algérie

French cruiser Colbert (1928)

French cruiser Duguay-Trouin

French cruiser Dupleix

French cruiser Duquesne

French cruiser Foch

French cruiser Georges Leygues

French cruiser Gloire (1935)

French cruiser Jean de Vienne

French cruiser Jeanne d'Arc (1930)

French cruiser La Galissonnière

French cruiser Lamotte-Piquet

French cruiser Marseillaise (1935)

French cruiser Montcalm

French cruiser Pluton

French cruiser Primauguet (1924)

French cruiser Suffren

French cruiser Tourville

French destroyer La Combattante

French destroyer Le Fantasque

French destroyer Le Terrible

French destroyer Le Triomphant

French destroyer Maillé Brézé (1931)

French destroyer Ouragan

French films of 1944

French Forces of the Interior

French frigate Oise

French Open (tennis)

French Resistance

French submarine Curie (P67)

Fresno Yosemite International Airport

Freundeskreis der Wirtschaft

Freya radar

Freya Stark

Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin

Frieda Belinfante

Frieda Jahnke

Friedhelm Busse

Friedl Dicker-Brandeis

Friedrich-Karl "Nasen" Müller

Friedrich-Karl "Tutti" Müller

Friedrich-Paul von Groszheim

Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock

Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller

Friedrich (novel)

Friedrich Adler (artist)

Friedrich Aue

Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte

Friedrich Beckh

Friedrich Bernhard

Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin

Friedrich Bonte

Friedrich Born

Friedrich Christiansen

Friedrich Dollmann

Friedrich Franz, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Friedrich Fromm

Friedrich Geisshardt

Friedrich Graf von Wrangel

Friedrich Gustav Jaeger

Friedrich Hildebrandt

Friedrich Hirzebruch

Friedrich Hoßbach

Friedrich Hollaender

Friedrich Jeckeln

Friedrich Körner

Friedrich Karl Florian

Friedrich Kellner

Friedrich Kirchner

Friedrich Klausing

Friedrich Krüger

Friedrich Lang

Friedrich Lüthi

Friedrich Lorenz

Friedrich Materna

Friedrich Mauz

Friedrich Meinecke

Friedrich Münzer

Friedrich Obleser

Friedrich Olbricht

Friedrich Panse

Friedrich Paulus

Friedrich Pein

Friedrich Peter

Friedrich Rainer

Friedrich Ruge

Friedrich Schulz

Friedrich Syrup

Friedrich T. Noltenius

Friedrich Thielen

Friedrich von Mellenthin

Friedrich Weber

Friedrich Wegener

Friedrich Werner von der Schulenburg

Friedrich Wilhelm Kritzinger

Friedrichshafen FF.29

Friedrichshafen FF.31

Friedrichshafen FF.33

Friedrichshafen FF.34

Friedrichshafen FF.35

Friedrichshafen FF.40

Friedrichshafen FF.41

Friedrichshafen FF.43

Friedrichshafen FF.48

Friedrichshafen FF.49

Friedrichshafen FF.53

Friedrichshafen FF.64

Friedrichshafen G.I

Friedrichshafen G.II

Friedrichshafen G.III

Friedrichshafen G.IV

Friends' Ambulance Unit

Friends of New Germany

Friesack Camp

Frihedsfonden

Frikorps Danmark

Fritjof Hillén

Frits Clausen

Frits Philips

Fritz-Dietlof von der Schulenburg

Fritz-Hubert Gräser

Fritz-Rudolf Schultz

Fritz Bayerlein

Fritz Bracht

Fritz Busch

Fritz Christen

Fritz Fischer (medical doctor)

Fritz Fischer

Fritz Frauenheim

Fritz Fullriede

Fritz G. A. Kraemer

Fritz Gerlich

Fritz Grünbaum

Fritz Hagmann

Fritz Hartjenstein

Fritz Hippler

Fritz Hünenberger

Fritz Houtermans

Fritz John

Fritz Joubert Duquesne

Fritz Julius Kuhn

Fritz Katzmann

Fritz Klein (Nazi)

Fritz Klingenberg

Fritz Knoechlein

Fritz Kolbe

Fritz Krämer

Fritz Lenz

Fritz Lüddecke

Fritz Losigkeit

Fritz Manteuffel

Fritz Morzik

Fritz Nachmann

Fritz Pfeffer

Fritz Pröll

Fritz Reinhardt

Fritz Rumey

Fritz Sauckel

Fritz Stern

Fritz Stiedry

Fritz Strassmann

Fritz ter Meer

Fritz Thiele

Fritz Thyssen

Fritz Todt

Fritz von Scholz

Fritz Walter

Fritz Wendel

Fritz Witt

Fritz X

Frode Jakobsen

Frode Kirkebjerg

From Here to Eternity (novel)

From Here to Eternity

From Swastika to Jim Crow

Fromental Halévy

Frommer Stop

Front (Soviet Army)

Front de Seine

Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe

Front Lot (Walt Disney Studios Park)

Frontbann

Frontierland Shootin' Arcade

Frontierland

FRUMEL

Frédéric Alfred Pierre, comte de Falloux

Frédéric Chopin

Frédéric Da Rocha

Frédéric de Courcy

Frédéric Déhu

Frédéric Joliot-Curie

Frédéric Masson

Frédéric Vitoux

Fräulein (1958 film)

Fu Zuoyi

Fubuki-class destroyer

Fuchi (Qiandaohu) class

Fugu Plan

Fuhlsbüttel

Fuji-class battleship

Fukuromachi Elementary School Peace Museum

Fukuryu

Fukushima Yasumasa

Fulgence Bienvenüe

Fulgencio Batista

Full House (aircraft)

Fuller Warren

Fulton Mackay

Fumimaro Konoe

Functionalism versus intentionalism

Fundusz Obrony Narodowej

Furietti Centaurs

Furman L. Smith

Furutaka-class cruiser

Fury in the Pacific

Fusanosuke Kuhara

Fusō-class battleship

Fusu (Nancang) class

Fuzzy wuzzy angels

Fylfot

Fyodor Isodorovich Kuznetsov

Fyodor Tolbukhin

Fântâna Albă massacre

Félicien-César David

Félicien Marceau

Félix Éboué

Félix Bédouret

Félix Dupanloup

Félix Faure

Félix Ziem

Féodor Atkine

Färit Yarullin

Joint Base Andrews

Joint Base Andrews is a United States military facility located in Prince George's County, Maryland. The facility is under the jurisdiction of the United States Air Force 11th Wing, Air Force District of Washington (AFDW). In 2009, Andrews Air Force Base and Naval Air Facility Washington were merged to form Joint Base Andrews.

The base is named for Lieutenant General Frank Maxwell Andrews (1884–1943), former Commanding General of United States Armed Forces in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. The base is widely known for serving as the home base of two Boeing VC-25 aircraft which have the call sign Air Force One while the President of the United States is on board.For statistical purposes the base is delineated as a census-designated place by the U.S. Census Bureau. As of the 2010 census, the resident population was 2,973.

Lieutenant general (United States)

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9. Lieutenant general ranks above major general and below general. Lieutenant general is equivalent to the rank of vice admiral in the other uniformed services.

List of World War II military personnel educated at the United States Military Academy

The United States Military Academy (USMA) is an undergraduate college in West Point, New York that educates and commissions officers for the United States Army. This list is drawn from alumni of the Military Academy who are veterans of World War I. This includes ... .

List of World War I military personnel educated at the United States Military Academy

The United States Military Academy (USMA) is an undergraduate college in West Point, New York that educates and commissions officers for the United States Army. This list is drawn from alumni of the Military Academy who are veterans of World War I. This includes Tasker H. Bliss (class of 1875), Hunter Liggett (class of 1879), John J. Pershing (class of 1886), Douglas MacArthur (class of 1903), "Hap" Arnold (class of 1907), George S. Patton (class of 1909), and Thomas B. Larkin (class of 1915).

List of people from Nashville, Tennessee

The following is a list of notable people who have lived in Nashville, Tennessee.

Millard Harmon

Millard Fillmore Harmon Jr. (January 19, 1888 – February 26, 1945) was a lieutenant general in the United States Army Air Forces during the Pacific campaign in World War II. He was presumed to have perished in February 1945 on a flight when the plane carrying him disappeared in transit. Harmon, Frank Maxwell Andrews, Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. and Lesley J. McNair, all lieutenant generals at the time of their deaths, were the highest-ranking Americans to die in World War II.

Montgomery Bell Academy

Montgomery Bell Academy (MBA) is a preparatory day school for boys in grades 7 through 12 in Nashville, Tennessee.

RAF Andrews Field

Royal Air Force Andrews Field or more simply RAF Andrews Field (also known as RAF Andrewsfield and RAF Great Saling) is a former Royal Air Force station located 4 miles (6.4 km) east-northeast of Great Dunmow Essex, England.

Originally designated as Great Saling when designed and under construction, the base was renamed "Andrews Field" in honor of United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) General Frank M. Andrews, who was killed in an airplane crash in Iceland in May 1943. Andrews Field was primarily the home of the USAAF Ninth Air Force 322d Bombardment Group during the Second World War, which flew the Martin B-26 Marauder medium bomber. After being transferred to the Air Ministry in late 1944, it was used briefly by RAF Fighter Command for Gloster Meteor jet fighter testing before being finally closed in late 1945.Today the remains of the airfield are located on private property, being used as agricultural fields, with a small portion used by the Andrewsfield Flying Club.

Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr.

Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. ( SY-mən BOL-i-vər BUK-nər; July 18, 1886 – June 18, 1945) was a lieutenant general in the United States Army during World War II. He served in the Pacific Theater of Operations and commanded the defenses of Alaska early in the war. Following that assignment, he was promoted to command the Tenth Army, which conducted the amphibious assault on the Japanese island of Okinawa on April 1, 1945. He was killed during the closing days of the Battle of Okinawa by enemy artillery fire, making him the highest-ranking U.S. military officer lost to enemy fire during World War II. He would remain the highest ranking military member to be killed by a foreign armed action until the death of lieutenant general Timothy Maude during the September 11 attacks.

Buckner, Lesley J. McNair, Frank Maxwell Andrews, and Millard Harmon, all lieutenant generals at the time of their deaths, were the highest-ranking Americans to be killed in World War II. Buckner and McNair were posthumously promoted to the rank of four-star general on July 19, 1954, by a Special Act of Congress (Public Law 83-508).

Zhang Zizhong

Zhang Zizhong (simplified Chinese: 张自忠; traditional Chinese: 張自忠; pinyin: Zhāng Zìzhōng; Wade–Giles: Chang Tzu-chung; August 11, 1891 – May 16, 1940) was a general of the Chinese National Revolutionary Army (NRA) during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Born in Linqing, Shandong, he was the highest-ranked officer and the only Army group commander of the NRA to die in the war. He showed great valor in the battlefields and was regarded as one of the most valiant and respectable Chinese generals by the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Because of his posthumous promotion, he was also one of the highest-ranked Allied officers that was killed in action in World War II. His mausoleum is situated in Beibei District, Chongqing. There are roads named after him in Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin and Wuhan.

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