Frank Lary

Frank Strong Lary (April 10, 1930 – December 13, 2017) was a Major League Baseball pitcher for the Detroit Tigers (19541964), New York Mets (1964, 1965), Milwaukee Braves (1964), and Chicago White Sox (1965). He led the American League with 21 wins in 1956 and ranked second in the same category with 23 wins in 1961. Lary was selected to the American League All-Star team in 1960 and 1961 and won the Gold Glove Award in 1961. He was known variously as "Taters", "Mule", and the "Yankee Killer." The latter nickname was won due to his 27-10 record against the New York Yankees from 1955 to 1961.

Frank Lary
Frank Lary
Born: April 10, 1930
Northport, Alabama
Died: December 13, 2017 (aged 87)
Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 14, 1954, for the Detroit Tigers
Last MLB appearance
September 21, 1965, for the Chicago White Sox
MLB statistics
Win–loss record128–116
Earned run average3.49
Career highlights and awards

Early years

Lary was born in Northport, Alabama, in April 1930 as the sixth of seven children in the family.[1] He was raised with his six brothers at a two-bedroom house[2] in his family's farm near Northport.[3] His father, Joseph Milton "Mitt" Lary, was a cotton farmer and a former semipro spitball pitcher,[4][1] who coached young Lary and five of his brothers when they were not working in the farm.[1] His mother, Margaret,[1] was a fiddle maker.[2] Lary later went on to play baseball for the University of Alabama.[5][6] His older brother Al Lary was briefly a pitcher for the Chicago Cubs, but spent most of his baseball career in the minor leagues. Lary followed his older brothers to the University of Alabama,[7] where he had a 10-1 record in 1950 and won two more games in the College World Series.[5] Lary dropped out of Alabama after two years to play professional baseball.[5]

Minor leagues

After his performance in the 1950 College World Series, Lary signed a $6,000 contract with the Toledo Mud Hens, the Detroit Tigers' American Association farm club.[5] He began his minor league career playing at Thomasville, Georgia, in the Georgia–Florida League. After winning four consecutive games in Thomasville, he moved to Jamestown, New York, in the PONY League, where he compiled a 5-2 record.[5] Lary missed the 1951 and 1952 seasons due to service in the U.S. Army.[5] He was considered a leading prospect with the Buffalo Bisons of the International League in 1953 and 1954.[8] During the 1953 season, he compiled a 17-11 record and threw a no-hitter against Ottawa. In 1954, he compiled a 15-11 record and won 10 of his last 12 games.[5][9]

Detroit Tigers

Lary was called up to the Tigers late in the 1954 season, making his Major League debut on September 14.[10] He played in parts of 11 seasons for the Tigers, and his 123 wins rank tenth in team history.[11]

In 1955, Lary stepped into the Tigers' rotation as a starter and compiled a record of 14-15 in 36 games.[10][12]

In 1956, Lary compiled a 21-13 record and became the Tigers' first 20-game winner since Hal Newhouser won 21 games in 1948. His record was 17-3 after July 1.[13] Lary also led the American League in multiple statistical categories in 1956, including wins (21), games started (38), innings pitched (294), hits allowed (289), hit batsmen (12), and batters faced (1,269), and finished 17th in the voting for Most Valuable Player in the American League.[10] His total of 1,269 batters faced was the highest total by a pitcher in the American League during the 1950s.[14]

During his years with the Tigers, Lary became known as "The Yankee Killer." He had a 27-10 record against the New York Yankees from 1955 to 1961, years during which the Yankees won six American League pennants. In 1956, he compiled a record of 5-1 against a Yankees team that had an overall record of 97-57. In 1958, he was 7-1 against a Yankees team that had an overall record of 92-62. He became the first pitcher to win seven games in one year against the Yankees since Ed Cicotte accomplished the feat in 1916. A good hitting pitcher, Lary defeated the Yankees 4-3 on May 12, 1961, by hitting a lead off home run in the top of the ninth inning. This took place immediately following the ejection of teammate, outfielder Rocky Colavito, who had bolted into the stands at Yankee Stadium when he observed a Yankee fan tussling with his father.[3][15][16] In The Sporting News, Joe Falls wrote: "As far as Frank Lary is concerned, the war between the states never did end. There merely was an 89-year interlude between Lee's surrender at Appomattox in 1865 and Lary's arrival in the major leagues in 1954. The objective has remained the same: rout the Yankees."[3] He was also 5-1 against the Yankees in 1959. Yankees manager Casey Stengel once delayed the appearance of his star pitcher, Whitey Ford, by one day so Ford would not have to face Lary. Stengel explained to reporters, "If Lary is going to beat us anyway, why should I waste my best pitcher?"

Frank Lary - Detroit Tigers - 1959
Lary, circa 1959

Lary also was known by the nickname "Taters" after a teammate noticed him write "Taters" for potatoes on a dining car order during a 1955 road trip. "He has been 'Taters' around the clubhouse and in the dugout ever since."[5] In a 1961 profile of Lary, Sports Illustrated wrote:

"Frank Lary is a classic kind of ballplayer—the type, alas, you don't see much of these days. He is a throwback to the Cardinals of the 30s, a cotton pickin', gee-tar strummin', red clay Alabama farm boy, unspoiled by a little college or a lot of success. He is mean on the mound and a joker off it. To strangers he is quiet, but to the Tigers he is the Jonathan Winters of the dugout, keeping them loose and laughing. Sometimes he is a Casey Stengel, his legs bowed, his pants rolled above his knees. Then he is the trainer, complete in white shirt, white trousers and with a Turkish towel wrapped around his head."[4]

In 1960, Lary was selected for the first time as an All-Star. He led the American League that year in games started (36), complete games (15), innings pitched (279.1) and hit batsmen (19).[10]

In 1961, Lary had the best season of his career. With a record of 23-9, he was the top pitcher on a 1961 Detroit Tigers team that compiled a record of 101-61. Lary's 23 wins were a career-high and second in the American League to Ford. Lary also threw a career-high and league-leading 22 complete games in 1961.[10] Lary was also selected for the American League All-Star team and won the Gold Glove Award in 1961.[10] He finished third in the 1961 Cy Young Award behind Ford and Warren Spahn.[17]

Lary was a workhorse for the Tigers from 1955 to 1961. During that seven-year span, Lary led the American League in wins (117), complete games (115), innings pitched (1,799-2/3), games started (242), and batters faced (7,569).[18] He started more than 30 games in each of those seven season and led the American League in complete games three times in four years from 1958 to 1961.[10]

In 1962, the workload caught up with Lary, as he began having shoulder problems. He began the season with a 2-6 record and had only two complete games in 13 starts. He was placed on the disabled list in August 1962.[19] Lary started the 1963 season in the minor leagues,[20] and compiled a record of 4-9 after being recalled to the Tigers.[10] He began the 1963 season with an 0-2 record for Detroit, giving him a record of 6-17 in his final three seasons in Detroit.[10]

Mets, Braves and White Sox

In May 1964, the New York Mets purchased Lary from the Tigers.[21] Lary compiled a 2-3 record for the Mets, and threw a two-hit shutout in his last game for the team during the 1964 season. In August 1964, the Mets traded Lary to the Milwaukee Braves in exchange for Dennis Ribant and $25,000.[22] He was reacquired by the Mets in March 1965.[23] Lary had a 1-3 record for the Mets in 1965.[10] In July 1965, the Mets traded Lary to the Chicago White Sox for a player to be named later.[24] Lary appeared in 14 games for the White Sox and compiled a 1-0 record.[10]

Later years

After finishing his pitching career, Lary went on to coach and scout for various teams. After retiring from baseball, Lary lived in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, where he began a construction business.[7] In 1986, he was living in Northport and working for a company that paved roads.[25]

Lary died on the night of December 13, 2017 at a hospital in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, south of Northport from pneumonia at the age of 87.[26][1][2][27]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e "Frank Lary, Pitcher Known as the Yankee Killer, Dies at 87". The New York Times. 15 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Dow, Bill (16 December 2017). "Remembering the Detroit Tigers "Yankee Killer," Frank Lary". Detroit Free Press.
  3. ^ a b c Joe Falls (March 18, 1959). "Lary Lived It Up While Downing Yanks: First in 42 Years to Top N.Y. 7 Times; Detroit Moundsman Mystery in Mastery Over Champs; Other Clubs Clobber Him". The Sporting News.
  4. ^ a b Robert H. Boyle (September 4, 1961). "Taters Keeps The Tigers Up There: Yankee beater Frank Lary leads Detroit into New York as the Tigers again challenge for the league lead". Sports Illustrated.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Hal Middlewsorth (March 1956). "The Tiger That Growls Like a Bulldog". Baseball Digest.
  6. ^ Furman Bisher (January 30, 1957). "Winningest Pitching Family in Game: Frank Lary one of Six Brother Moundsmen; Detroit Ace Won 21, Gene 21 at Mobile; All Flashed in High School at Northport, Ala., Later at University of Alabama". The Sporting News.
  7. ^ a b Moss Klein (July 1978). "Frank Lary Recalls His Days as a Yankee Killer". Baseball Digest.
  8. ^ Cy Kritzer (September 8, 1954). "Near No-Hitter Lary Gets Back on Beam With Lakeman's Aid: Buffalo Righthander Tipped by Veteran Catcher That He Changed His Delivery". The Sporting News.
  9. ^ Watson Spoelstra (March 10, 1954). "Alabamans Lary and House Make Tigers See Stars: Fireball-Throwing Rookie, Up From Buffalo, to Get Plenty of Chances in Grapefruit League". The Sporting News.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Frank Lary".
  11. ^ "Detroit Tigers statistics". Detroit Tigers.
  12. ^ Watson Spoelstra (August 29, 1956). "Knuckler Change-Up Helps Change Lary Into Winner: Tiger Righthander Masters Control of Butterfly and Develops Into 'Stopper'". The Sporting News.
  13. ^ Hal Middlesworth (November 21, 1956). "New Pitch Helped Frank to Sensational Second-Half Surge: Lary Started Soaring on Butterfly Ball; He Won 17 Lost Only 3 After July 1". The Sporting News.
  14. ^ Bob Lemon faced 1,254 batters in 1950 to rank second behind Lary.
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ Arthur Richman (June 1959). "Even Lary Can't Explain How He Hex-Rays Yanks". Baseball Digest.
  17. ^ "1961 Awards Voting".
  18. ^ Whitey Ford ranked second in wins during the same period with 115. Billy Pierce ranked second in complete games with 97. Early Wynn ranked second in games started (225), innings pitched (1,613-2/3) and batters faced (6,827).
  19. ^ "Tigers Send Frank Lary to Sidelines". The Spokesman-Review. August 1, 1962.
  20. ^ Jerry Green (July 4, 1963). "Tigers Call Frank Lary To Detroit". The Windsor Star (AP story).
  21. ^ "Mets Buy Frank Lary". The Pittsburgh Press. May 31, 1964.
  22. ^ "Mets Trade Frank Lary To Milwaukee". The Tuscaloosa News. August 9, 1964.
  23. ^ "Mets Obtain Frank Lary". Herald-Journal (AP story). March 29, 1965.
  24. ^ "Frank Lary Goes to Chicago Club". Spokane Daily Chronicle. July 8, 1965.
  25. ^ "Where Are They Now?". Baseball Digest. September 1986.
  26. ^ "Report: Former Detroit Tigers pitcher Frank Lary dead at 87". Detroit Free Press. December 14, 2017. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  27. ^ "Frank Lary, pitcher known as 'the Yankee killer,' dead at 87". Newsday. 15 December 2017.

External links

1955 Detroit Tigers season

The 1955 Detroit Tigers season was a season in American baseball. The team finished fifth in the American League with a record of 79–75, 17 games behind the New York Yankees.

1960 Major League Baseball All-Star Game (first game)

The 1960 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 28th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 11, 1960, at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City, Missouri the home of the Kansas City Athletics of the American League. The game resulted in the National League defeating the American League 5–3.

A second all-star game was played two days later on July 13 at Yankee Stadium in New York City.

1960 Major League Baseball All-Star Game (second game)

The second 1960 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 29th playing of Major League Baseball's annual midsummer exhibition game. The game took place at Yankee Stadium in New York City, home of the American League's New York Yankees. The National League won the game by a score of 6–0. The National League hit four home runs, tying an All-Star Game record.

1961 Detroit Tigers season

The 1961 Detroit Tigers won 101 games but finished in second place, eight games behind the Yankees. The team's 1961 record tied the 1934 Tigers team record of 101 wins, and only twice in team history have the Tigers won more games: 1968 (103 wins) and 1984 (104 wins).

1963 Detroit Tigers season

The 1963 Detroit Tigers season was a season in American baseball. The team finished tied for fifth place in the American League with a record of 79–83, 25½ games behind the New York Yankees.

1964 Detroit Tigers season

The 1964 Detroit Tigers season was a season in American baseball. The team finished fourth in the American League with a record of 85–77, 14 games behind the New York Yankees.

1964 Milwaukee Braves season

The 1964 Milwaukee Braves season was the team's 12th season in Milwaukee while also the 94th season overall. The fifth-place Braves finished the season with a 88–74 (.543) record, five games behind the National League and World Series champion St. Louis Cardinals.

Milwaukee finished the season with ten wins in the final eleven games; the season's home attendance was 910,911, their highest since 1961, and the highest of the last four seasons in Milwaukee (1962–65).

It was the franchise's penultimate season in Milwaukee. The franchise had attempted to move to Atlanta shortly after this season; it was delayed a year, and the team relocated for the 1966 season.

1964 New York Mets season

The 1964 New York Mets season was the third regular season for the Mets. They went 53–109 and finished 10th in the NL, 40 games behind the World Series Champion St. Louis Cardinals. They were managed by Casey Stengel. They played home games at Shea Stadium, which opened on April 17 of that year.

1965 Chicago White Sox season

The 1965 Chicago White Sox season was the team's 65th season in the major leagues, and its 66th season overall. They finished with a record 95–67, good enough for second place in the American League, 7 games behind the first-place Minnesota Twins.

Al Lary

Alfred Allen Lary (September 26, 1928 – July 9, 2001) was an American professional baseball player. He was a right-handed pitcher who appeared in 29 games played—16 as a pitcher, 12 as a pinch runner and one as a pinch hitter—for the Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball (1954–55; 1962). Prior to playing pro baseball, Lary had an outstanding college football career at the University of Alabama. He was the older brother of Detroit Tigers' All-Star pitcher Frank Lary.

Lary was listed as 6 feet 3 inches (1.91 m) tall and 185 pounds (84 kg). He signed his first pro contract with the Cubs before the 1951 season, spent 1953 in military service, and made his Major League debut on September 25, 1954, in a start against the Cincinnati Redlegs at Wrigley Field. The opposing pitcher was Art Fowler. Lary pitched six innings and allowed two earned runs, receiving no decision in the 4–2 Cubs victory. He was with the Cubs briefly in 1955 and was used in four games, all as a pinch runner. It would be seven years before he reached the Major League level again.

Lary gave up Willie Mays' 324th career home run, a grand slam, in Candlestick Park on April 28, 1962. His career totals for his 16 career games pitched include a win–loss record of 0–1, four games started, four games finished, and an ERA of 6.52. In 40 innings pitched he struck out 22, walked 22, and allowed 45 hits. He spent his entire, 13-year baseball career as a member of the Cubs' organization.

Lary died by accidental drowning in his hometown of Northport, Alabama, at the age of 72. Lary had Parkinson's disease at the time of his death.

Dave Melton

David Olin Melton (October 3, 1928 – October 23, 2008) was an American Major League Baseball outfielder. He played for the Kansas City Athletics of Major League Baseball during the 1956 and 1958 seasons. Melton threw and batted right-handed, stood 6 feet (1.8 metres) tall and weighed 180 pounds (82 kilograms).

Born in Pampa, Texas, he attended high school in Coronado, California, and played college baseball at Stanford University. His minor league career (1950; 1953–1959; 1962) was spent almost entirely on the West Coast, and he was a popular member of the San Francisco Seals of the Pacific Coast League. He batted .299 for the 1955 Seals and reached career highs in home runs (19), runs batted in (116) and hits (184).

At the Major League level, Melton played in only 12 games, batted nine times, and made one hit, a single off Frank Lary of the Detroit Tigers in his first MLB at bat on April 17, 1956.

Detroit Tigers award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Detroit Tigers professional baseball team.

Gordie Sundin

Gordon Vincent "Gordie" Sundin (October 10, 1937 – May 2, 2016) was an American baseball player. He was a right-handed pitcher whose professional career lasted for six seasons (1955–1959; 1961), but who made only one appearance in Major League Baseball — failing to record an out — for the 1956 Baltimore Orioles. Sundin batted right-handed, stood 6 feet 4 inches (1.93 m) tall, and weighed 215 pounds (98 kg).

Sundin's lone MLB appearance came on Wednesday, September 19, 1956, at Briggs Stadium against the Detroit Tigers. Baltimore was already behind, 8–1, when Sundin, three weeks shy of his 19th birthday, came into the game in the bottom half of the eighth inning. He faced two batters — Tiger pitcher Frank Lary and Harvey Kuenn — and issued two bases on balls before he was relieved by Billy O'Dell. Lary would later score an earned run charged against Sundin (giving the Baltimore pitcher an earned run average of infinity per baseball's statistics).

Sundin's catcher for that game was Tom Gastall, who entered the game with Sundin in the middle of the eighth. The next day, Gastall was killed in a plane crash.

Sundin compiled a 14–23 win-loss record and a 5.86 ERA in 5 seasons of minor league baseball, retiring in 1961 at the age of 23.

Harry Coveleski

Harry Frank Coveleski (April 23, 1886 – August 4, 1950) was a Major League Baseball pitcher with the Philadelphia Phillies, Cincinnati Reds, and Detroit Tigers.

Jim McManus (baseball)

James Michael McManus (born July 20, 1936) is a retired American professional baseball player whose ten-season career included five games played in Major League Baseball for the Kansas City Athletics (1960) and two years (1962–1963) in Japanese baseball (NPB). A first baseman, McManus threw and batted left-handed and was listed as 6 feet 4 inches (1.93 m) tall and 215 pounds (98 kg). He was born in Brookline, Massachusetts.

McManus entered pro ball in 1954 in the Detroit Tigers' organization. After four years in the Detroit farm system, on April 3, 1958, he was included as the "player to be named later" in a 13-player off-season trade with the Athletics in which the Tigers obtained second baseman Billy Martin and veteran outfielder Gus Zernial. McManus spent three more years in the minor leagues before Kansas City recalled him in September 1960. He went hitless in his first two at bats as a pinch hitter, then started at first base for the Athletics' final three games of the 1960 regular season, all against his original organization, the Tigers. McManus collected four hits in those three games, including his only extra-base hit and home run, a solo shot struck against Frank Lary on September 30. He ended his MLB career with a .308 batting average (4-for-13) and two runs batted in.

During his two campaigns with the Taiyo Whales of NPB, McManus batted .236 with 20 home runs.

John Baumgartner

John Edward Baumgartner (born May 29, 1931) is an American former professional baseball player.

He appeared in seven Major League games as a member of the 1953 Detroit Tigers and played six seasons (1950–1955) in minor league baseball. While he played third base exclusively in MLB, he also was an outfielder and first baseman in the minor leagues. Baumgartner threw and batted right-handed, stood 6 feet 1 inch (1.85 m) tall and weighed 190 pounds (86 kg).

Baumgartner played college baseball at the University of Alabama, which qualified for the 1950 College World Series led by Baumgartner and other future big leaguers such as longtime MLB pitchers Frank Lary (who would become one of the Tigers stalwart starting pitchers of the 1950s and early 1960s) and Al Worthington. Baumgartner signed with Detroit in 1950 and made the Tigers 1953 roster coming out of spring training. He started the first seven games of the regular season at third base for Detroit, collecting five hits (all singles) in 27 at bats and scoring three runs. In the field, he made two errors in 23 total chances for a fielding percentage of .913. Those would be Baumgartner's only games played in the Majors; he was sent back to the minors, and Ray Boone was eventually acquired from the Cleveland Indians to play the hot corner for Detroit.

In 657 minor league games, Baumgartner batted .261 with 624 hits.


Lary is a surname, given name, or nickname, and may refer to:

As a surname:

Al Lary (1928–2001), American baseball player

Frank Lary (1930-2017), American baseball player

Lyn Lary (1906–1973), American baseball player

Yale Lary (1930-2017), American football player, businessman, and politicianAs a given or nickname:

Lary (singer), German singer and model

Lary Sorensen (1955- ), American baseball playerIn other uses:

Los Angeles RailwayProst=Lary

List of Detroit Tigers Opening Day starting pitchers

The Detroit Tigers are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in Detroit, Michigan. They play in the American League Central division. The first game of the new baseball season is played on Opening Day, and being named the starter that day is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. Since joining the league in 1901, the Tigers have used 55 different Opening Day starting pitchers. The Tigers have a record of 56 wins and 59 losses in their Opening Day games. They also played one tie game, in 1927.The Tigers have played in three different home ball parks, Bennett Park from 1901 through 1911, Tiger Stadium (also known as Navin Field and Briggs Stadium) from 1912 to 1999 and Comerica Park since 2000. They had a record of 5 wins and 2 losses in Opening Day games at Bennett Park, 19 wins and 22 losses at Tiger Stadium and 3 wins and 4 losses at Comerica Park, for a total home record in Opening Day games of 26 wins and 28 losses. Their record in Opening Day away games is 27 wins, 31 losses and one tie.Jack Morris has the most Opening Day starts for the Tigers, with 11 consecutive starts from 1980 to 1990. Morris had a record of seven wins and four losses in his Opening Day starts. George Mullin had ten Opening Day starts for the Tigers between 1903 and 1913. The Tigers won five of those games and lost the other five. Mickey Lolich had seven Opening Day starts between 1965 and 1974. He had a record of five wins and two losses in those starts. Justin Verlander has also made seven Opening Day starts for the Tigers, between 2008 and 2014. His record in those starts is one win and one loss with five no-decisions. Other Tiger pitchers with at least three Opening Day starts include Hal Newhouser with six, Earl Whitehill and Jim Bunning with four; and Tommy Bridges, Frank Lary and Mike Moore with three.The first game the Tigers played as a Major League team was on April 25, 1901, against the Milwaukee Brewers. Roscoe Miller was the Tigers Opening Day starting pitcher for that game, which the Tigers won 14–13. The Tigers have played in the World Series eleven times, in 1907, 1908, 1909, 1934, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1968, 1984, 2006, and 2012, with wins in four of those: 1935, 1945, 1968 and 1984. The Tigers Opening Day starting pitchers in those seasons were Mullin (1907 and 1909), Ed Siever (1908), Firpo Marberry (1934), Rowe (1935), Newsom (1940), Newhouser (1945), Earl Wilson (1968), Morris (1984), Kenny Rogers (2006), and Justin Verlander (2012). The Tigers won five of those Opening Day games and lost the other five.Josh Billings was the Tigers Opening Day starting pitcher in 1928, despite being only 20 years old and having only won five Major League games prior to the season. Bunning, who made four Opening Day starts for the Tigers was later elected to the United States Senate. McLain, who made two Opening Day starts for the Tigers, was later convicted of embezzlement. Bunning and Newhouser have each been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

List of Gold Glove Award winners at pitcher

The Rawlings Gold Glove Award, usually referred to as the Gold Glove, is the award given annually to the Major League Baseball players judged to have exhibited superior individual fielding performances at each fielding position in both the National League (NL) and the American League (AL), as voted by the managers and coaches in each league. Managers are not permitted to vote for their own players. Eighteen Gold Gloves are awarded each year (with the exception of 1957, 1985, 2007 and 2018), one at each of the nine positions in each league. In 1957, the baseball glove manufacturer Rawlings created the Gold Glove Award to commemorate the best fielding performance at each position. The award was created from a glove made from gold lamé-tanned leather and affixed to a walnut base. Initially, only one Gold Glove per position was awarded to the top fielder at each position in the entire league; however, separate awards were given for the National and American Leagues beginning in 1958.Greg Maddux has won the most Gold Glove Awards among all players, including pitchers, in Major League Baseball history. He won 18 awards, all in the National League; his streak of wins was consecutive from 1990 through 2002 until interrupted by Mike Hampton in 2003. Maddux won five more awards from 2004 to 2008, after which he retired. Jim Kaat is second and held the record for most wins (16) until he was displaced by Maddux in 2007. He won 14 awards in the American League and 2 in the National League; his 16 consecutive awards is a record among winners. Bob Gibson won nine Gold Gloves with the St. Louis Cardinals, and the inaugural winner Bobby Shantz won four awards in each league, for a total of eight. Mark Langston and Mike Mussina are tied for the fifth-highest total, with seven wins each. Five-time awardees include Ron Guidry, Phil Niekro, and Kenny Rogers; Jim Palmer won four times. Gold Glove winners at pitcher who have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame include Gibson, Palmer, and Niekro.Maddux made the most putouts in a season (39) three times in his career (1990, 1991, and 1993). The American League leader is Frank Lary, who made 32 putouts for the Detroit Tigers in 1961. Kaat is the leader in assists; he made 72 with the Minnesota Twins in 1962. The National League leader, Maddux, trails him by one (71 assists in 1996). Many pitchers have posted errorless seasons and 1.000 fielding percentages in their winning seasons; Mussina is the leader with four perfect seasons in the field. Guidry (1982–1984) and Mussina (1996–1998) both accomplished the feat in three consecutive seasons. The most double plays turned by a winning pitcher is nine, accomplished by Maddux in 2006. Four pitchers have also thrown no wild pitches in a winning season: Maddux (1997, 2006), Kaat (1975), Shantz (1961, 1962), and Rogers (2005). In contrast, the most wild pitches in a winning season is 18, by the knuckleballing Niekro. The fewest balks in a winning season is zero, achieved many times, but Maddux accomplished the feat the most time in his wins (12 balk-free seasons in 18 years). The most balks in a winning season is five, by Mike Norris in 1981 and Orel Hershiser in 1988. Langston picked off the most runners from the pitcher's mound in a winning season, with 10 in 1993; four pitchers are tied for the National League lead with 5 pickoffs. Rogers posted both the highest (100% in 2002) and lowest (0% in 2005) caught stealing percentage in a winning season. Shantz' 1961 season tied Rogers' 0% mark for lowest percentage caught, and three pitchers are tied for the National League lead (67% caught).


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