Frank Grant

Ulysses Franklin "Frank" Grant (August 1, 1865 – May 27, 1937) was an African-American baseball player in the 19th century. Early in his career, he was a star player in the International League, shortly before Jim Crow restrictions were imposed that banned African-American players from organized baseball.

Grant then became a pioneer in the early Negro leagues, starring for several of the top African-American teams of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He is widely considered to have been the greatest African-American player of the 19th century. In 2006, Grant was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame.

Frank Grant
Frank Grant
Grant in 1887
Second baseman
Born: August 1, 1865
Pittsfield, Massachusetts
Died: May 27, 1937 (aged 71)
New York, New York
Batted: Right Threw: Right
Negro Leagues debut
1889, for the Cuban Giants
Last appearance
1903, for the Philadelphia Giants
Teams
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction2006

Baseball career

Grant was born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts. He played semipro baseball in Pittsfield and in Plattsburgh, New York.[3]

In 1886, Grant played for an Eastern League team based in Meriden, Connecticut. He signed with the Buffalo Bisons in the International League, one level below the major leagues, later that season.[3] Though most sources indicate the official integration of organized baseball would not come for several more decades, Grant was one of five black players who played in baseball's otherwise white minor leagues at the time. When he debuted with the team, a Buffalo newspaper reporter referred to Grant as "a Spaniard".[4] He hit .344 with Buffalo that season.

1887 Buffalo Bisons
Grant (front row, second from right) with the 1887 Buffalo Bisons. The following season, his teammates refused to appear with him for another photo.[5]

In 1887, the 22-year-old batted .353, paced the IL with 11 home runs and 49 extra-base hits and led Buffalo with 40 stolen bases. In 1887, John Chapman, the Bisons' veteran manager, valued Grant's services at $5,000—quite a compliment when Chicago had recently sold superstar King Kelly to Boston for $10,000. During the 1887 season, Grant hit for the cycle in one game and stole home twice in another. Despite significant racial turmoil that year, Buffalo forced the IL to rescind a proposed color line to keep Grant in town.

By 1888, anti-black sentiment was all around the league, and it seemed only Buffalo argued against segregation (possibly because of Grant). When blacks were banned from organized, white-controlled baseball in 1889, Grant went on to become a successful Negro leaguer for the Cuban Giants, Cuban X-Giants, Big Gorhams and Philadelphia Giants into the 20th century. His career ended in 1903.

Author Jerry Malloy described Grant as "the greatest Negro baseball player of the 19th century."[6] In the late 19th century, few black hitters matched up with Grant. He had substantial power at the plate, often hitting home runs and very often getting extra-base hits. Grant hit for extra bases every four times he got a hit. He achieved this even though he was quite small (5'7", 155 pounds).

A middle infielder, mostly a second baseman, Grant had fielding skills widely praised as the best in the league. He was known as "The Black Dunlap", a comparison drawn to the defensive skills of 19th-century white second baseman Fred Dunlap.[7] Grant is also notable for becoming the first black player to play on the same team in organized baseball for three consecutive seasons.

Later life and legacy

After his baseball career, Grant's name rarely appeared in the press. He lived a quiet life as a waiter for a catering company.[6] Grant died at age 71 in New York City. His grave in East Ridgelawn Cemetery, Clifton, New Jersey, was unmarked until June 2011.[8]

In 2006, Grant was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame. He is the earliest Negro league player to have received that honor.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Genuine Cuban Giants", The Evening Times, Washington, DC, 23 May 1896, p. 3
  2. ^ "Giants Were Twice Defeated", The Patriot, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, September 11, 1903, p. 7
  3. ^ a b "Frank Grant". Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  4. ^ Pennington, Bill (July 27, 2006). "Breaking a Barrier 60 Years Before Robinson". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
  5. ^ Klein, Jeff Z. "Heritage Moments: Frank Grant, the Buffalo Bisons and the drawing of baseball's color line". news.wbfo.org. April 23, 2018. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  6. ^ a b Overfield, Joseph; Adomites, Paul; Puff, Richard; Davids, L. Robert (2013). Nineteenth Century Stars: 2012 Edition. Society for American Baseball Research. pp. 110–111. ISBN 1933599294. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  7. ^ Riley, James A. (1994). "Grant, Ulysses F. (Frank)". The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Baseball Leagues. Carroll & Graf. pp. 331–32. ISBN 0-7867-0959-6.
  8. ^ Yellin, Deena (June 15, 2011). "Gravesite of Negro Leagues pioneer finally gets marker". The Record. Retrieved 2011-07-26.

External links

1975 Washington Redskins season

The 1975 Washington Redskins season was the franchise's 44th season in the National Football League (NFL) and their 39th in Washington, D.C.. The team failed to improve on their 10–4 record from 1974 and finished 8-6.

1977 Washington Redskins season

The 1977 Washington Redskins season was the franchise's 46th season overall, and would be the last under Hall of Fame head coach George Allen. The season began with the team trying to improve on their 10–4 record from 1976, but they would finish 9-5 and fail to qualify for postseason play.

Buffalo Bisons (IA)

The Buffalo Bisons were a minor league baseball team based in Buffalo, New York, that played in the International Association for Professional Base Ball Players in 1878, 1887 and 1888. The 1878 version of the club joined the National League in 1879 as the Buffalo Bisons. The 1887 and 1888 team featured Baseball Hall of Famer Frank Grant.

Clarence Williams (baseball)

Clarence "Waxey" Williams (January 27, 1866 – September 23, 1934) was an African-American baseball catcher in the Negro Leagues. He joined the Cuban Giants, the first black professional team, during their first season. He played at least 20 years for major teams. He was born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

In his time the Cuban Giants played in otherwise all-white leagues during 1887, 1889, and 1890, but Williams and Frank Grant played on the otherwise white Harrisburg team in the Eastern Interstate League. (Harrisburg and the Giants battled for the pennant.)

Connecticut League

The Connecticut League, also known as the Connecticut State League is a now defunct minor baseball league based in Connecticut. The league began as offshoot of the original Connecticut State League, which dates back as far as 1884. In 1891, the Connecticut State League included the Ansonia Cuban Giants, a team made up of entirely African-American ballplayers, including future Hall of Famers Frank Grant and Sol White. In 1902, it was a Class D league with teams in eight cities. In 1905, the league became Class B, which lasted until 1913, when the league became the Eastern Association due to several teams outside of the state entering the league. Also a class B league, it survived two more seasons, then folded after the 1914 season.

Cuban X-Giants

The Cuban X-Giants were a professional Negro league baseball team that played from 1896 to 1906. Originally most of the players were former Cuban Giants, or ex-Giants. Like the Cuban Giants, the original players were not Cuban (though the team would later sign Cuban players). Edward B. Lamar Jr. served as business manager for the team.

In 1897 the X-Giants beat the Cuban Giants in a series 2 games to 1. With Frank Grant joining in 1898 the club continued to establish themselves as the new powerhouse in the east. Grant and White left in 1900 and Bill Monroe joined at second base; both the Giants and X-Giants claimed to be the champions, a situation that was duplicated a year later. In 1903 the club boasted Rube Foster on the mound and a middle infield of Charlie Grant and Home Run Johnson. They played in the integrated Tri-State Independent League and then took 5 of 7 games from the Philadelphia Giants for the title as top black team in the east. Foster won 4 games in the series and also was 6 for 17 at the plate.

For the 1904 season the Philadelphia Giants signed away Grant and Foster, and later beat the X-Giants in a championship series 2 games to 1, as Foster won two games against his old teammates. (Grant and Foster replaced Frank Grant and Harry Buckner as regulars.) In 1905 the X-Giants took one of two games from the National League's Brooklyn, outscoring them 7–2 in the first game and losing 2–1 in the second. In 1906, the X-Giants signed John Henry Lloyd for his first season in professional baseball, and the team joined the International League of Independent Professional Base Ball Clubs.

In late 1906, the Cuban X-Giants became a founding member of the National Association of Colored Baseball Clubs of the United States and Cuba. The team folded before play started in 1907.

Francis Grant

Francis, Frances or Frank Grant may refer to:

Sir Francis Grant, Lord Cullen (1658/1663–1726), Scottish judge

Sir Francis Grant (artist) (1803–1878), Scottish artist

Sir Francis Grant (officer of arms) (1863–1953), Scottish Officer of Arms

Francis Chapman Grant (1823–1894), merchant-prince in the Gold Coast

Francis William Grant, British Member of Parliament for Inverness-shire

Frances Grant (1909–1982), American actress and dancer

Frank Grant (1865–1937), baseball player

Frank Grant (American football) (born 1950), former American football wide receiver

Frank Grant (boxer) (born 1965), British boxer

Frank G. Menke

Frank Grant Menke (October 10, 1885 – May 13, 1954) was an American newspaper reporter, author, and sports historian. He wrote for the Hearst Newspapers from 1912 to 1932 and his articles appeared daily in 300 newspapers across the country. He was billed by the Hearst syndicate as "America's Foremost Sport Writer". He later devoted much of his effort to his work as an author of books on sports history. Two of his works, The All Sports Record Book and The Encyclopedia of Sports, became known as authoritative reference works that were revised and reissued for several decades.

Frank Grant (American football)

Frank Grant (born February 15, 1950 in Brooklyn, New York) is a former American football wide receiver in the National Football League for the Washington Redskins and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. He played college football at Southern Colorado and was drafted in the 13th round of the 1972 NFL Draft.

Born in Brooklyn, New York City, Grant was raised in Newark, New Jersey and attended East Side High School, where he played organized football for the first time despite having been told as a freshman that he was too small, at 140 pounds (64 kg), to play the sport competitively.

Frank Grant (boxer)

Frank Grant (born 22 May 1965) is a British former boxer who was British middleweight champion between 1992 and 1993.

Frank Grant (disambiguation)

Frank Grant may refer to:

Frank Grant, an African-American baseball player in the 19th century

Frank Grant (American football), an American football player

Frank Grant (boxer), a former British boxer

Frank Grant Sawyer, an American politician and former governor of Nevada

Grant Sawyer

Frank Grant Sawyer (December 14, 1918 – February 19, 1996) was an American politician. He was the 21st Governor of Nevada from 1959 to 1967. He was a member of the Democratic Party.

IOOF Hall (Stevensville, Montana)

The IOOF Hall in Stevensville, Montana, also known as the Stevensville Historical Society Museum, was built starting in 1912. It is a vernacular architecture building. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.

Frank Grant, writing in its National Register nomination, states:The I.O.O.F. Hall, built ca. 1912, is a fine example of the typical Main Street lodge hall found in many rural communities. Built during a period of optimism and growth in Stevensville, the building suggests that members assumed the lodge would continue to play the significant role in community life that it had played during the frontier era.

The building later served as town hall, library, and firehouse for Stevensville.It was built where the former Wells Building had stood, until destroyed in the 1905 fire in downtown Stevensville.

The Stevensville Historical Museum is now located at 517 Main Street, Stevensville.

Kid Carter

Charles "Kid" Carter (birthdate unknown) was an African-American baseball Pitcher in the pre-Negro Leagues.

He pitched for the Philadelphia Giants playing alongside William Binga, Frank Grant, Harry Buckner, and Sol White.

List of Negro league baseball players

This list comprises players who have appeared in Negro league baseball.

List of Washington Redskins receiving leaders

The list of Washington Redskins receiving leaders includes single-season and career records for each of three statistics: yardage, number of receptions, and receiving touchdowns, as well as single-game records for receptions and receiving yards. The Redskins compete in the East Division of the National Football Conference. The franchise was founded as the Boston Braves, named after the local baseball franchise. The team changed their name to the Redskins in 1933 and moved to Washington, D.C. in 1937.The Redskins have played over one thousand games. In those games, the club won five professional American football championships including two NFL Championships and three Super Bowls. The franchise captured ten NFL divisional titles and six NFL conference championships.The Redskins won the 1937 and 1942 Championship games, as well as Super Bowl XVII, XXII and XXVI. They also played in and lost the 1936, 1940, 1943 and 1945 Championship games, as well as Super Bowl VII and XVIII. They have made 22 postseason appearances, and have an overall postseason record of 23 wins and 17 losses. Only five teams have appeared in more Super Bowls than the Redskins: the Pittsburgh Steelers (eight), Dallas Cowboys (eight), Denver Broncos (eight), New England Patriots (eight) and San Francisco 49ers (six); the Redskins' five appearances are tied with the Oakland Raiders and Miami Dolphins.

New York Gorhams

The New York Gorhams were a Negro league baseball team that played from 1886 to 1892. During their short existence the Gorhams grew to be one of the most successful black professional clubs in the country and challenged the supremacy of the Cuban Giants.

Philadelphia Giants

The Philadelphia Giants were a Negro league baseball team that played from 1902 to 1911. From 1904 to 1909 they were one of the strongest teams in black baseball, winning five eastern championships in six years. The team was organized by Sol White, H. Walter Schlichter, and Harry Smith.

Second baseman

In baseball and softball, second baseman is a fielding position in the infield, between second and first base. The second baseman often possesses quick hands and feet, needs the ability to get rid of the ball quickly, and must be able to make the pivot on a double play. In addition, second basemen are usually right-handed; only four left-handed throwing players have ever played second base in Major League Baseball since 1950. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the second baseman is assigned the number 4.

Good second basemen need to have very good range since they have to field balls closer to the first baseman who is often holding runners on, or moving towards the base to cover. On a batted ball to right field, the second baseman goes out towards the ball for the relay. Due to these requirements, second base is sometimes a primarily defensive position in the modern game, but there are hitting stars as well.

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