Frank Cashen

John Francis "Frank" Cashen (September 13, 1925 – June 30, 2014) was a Major League Baseball general manager. He was an executive when the Baltimore Orioles won the 1966 World Series, and 1970 World Series while winning three consecutive AL pennants from 1969 to 1971. Later he became General Manager of the New York Mets from 1980 to 1991, and the club won the 1986 World Series during his tenure.

Frank Cashen
Frank Cashen's Mets Hall of Fame Speech CROP
Cashen speaking after being inducted into the New York Mets Hall of Fame, 2010.
John Francis Cashen

September 13, 1925
DiedJune 30, 2014 (aged 88)
OccupationBaseball executive

Early life

Cashen was born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1925[1][2] and grew up admiring and playing baseball. He played second base at Loyola College in Maryland but was unable to hit well and did not pursue a playing career. Instead, he joined the Baltimore News-American becoming an award-winning sportswriter over 17 years at the newspaper. He spent nights at University of Maryland School of Law, graduating with a JD in 1958. He assumed his career would either be in journalism or law.[1] Instead, he was hired by Jerry Hoffberger to be a publicity director for two Baltimore race tracks and later the advertising head at Hoffberger's National Brewing Company. In 1965, Hoffberger's brewing company purchased the Baltimore Orioles and Cashen eagerly accepted the position of executive vice president of the team.[1]

Baltimore Orioles

With Cashen overseeing baseball operations in Baltimore, general manager Harry Dalton made a deal to acquire future Hall of Famer Frank Robinson from the Cincinnati Reds, sending pitcher Milt Pappas, pitcher Jack Baldschun and outfielder Dick Simpson. The following year, Robinson won the triple crown and Baltimore won the 1966 World Series for their first championship. In 1968, the Cashen/Dalton front office hired eventual Hall of Fame manager Earl Weaver. The Orioles won all three American League pennants from 1969 to 1971 and won the 1970 World Series.[3] After 1971, Dalton left to become general manager of the Los Angeles Angels and Cashen took over G.M. duties for the Orioles.[3]

Cashen was being mentioned as a candidate for the American League presidency and was a leading choice to replace Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn when a group of team owners tried to oust Kuhn in 1975. Kuhn survived the storm of 1975. Also in 1975 Hofferger's National Brewery merged with Carling Brewery (American Operation). Hofferger requested Cashen to leave the Orioles and return to the Carling National Brewery as senior vice president of marketing and sales. In 1979, he returned to baseball when Commissioner Kuhn hired him as The Administrator of Baseball Operations.

Building a champion in New York

In January 1980, Nelson Doubleday Jr. and Fred Wilpon bought the New York Mets after the Mets' third consecutive last-place finish. They were advised by several people to contact Cashen and, after he predicted four or five years for a turnaround, the new owners hired him for $500,000 over five years. Cashen hired public relations firm Della Femina Travisano & Partners. A new slogan, "The Magic Is Back!", was used along with television commercials emphasizing past New York area stars rather than the dismal Mets of the late 1970s.[1]

On the field, the Mets made few trades early on, but took a chance with the first pick in the Major League Baseball Draft to sign a talented, but raw high school player, Darryl Strawberry, who eventually finished his Mets career as the all-time franchise leader in home runs and RBIs. In 1981, Cashen promoted Hubie Brooks and Mookie Wilson to the majors for spring training and then traded for brash home run hitter Dave Kingman. In 1982, Cashen delighted New York fans by trading for former unanimous MVP, George Foster, who then signed a five-year, $10 million contract with the club.[1] Two months later, Cashen alienated many fans by trading away fan favorite, Lee Mazzilli, who soon declined while one of the two pitchers the Mets received, Ron Darling, became an All-Star and the other pitcher, Walt Terrell, was later traded for offensive star, Howard Johnson. At the same time as the Mazzilli trade, the Mets were scouting young pitcher, Dwight Gooden, who they picked in the 1982 draft. Gooden would later become the ace of the pitching staff through the Mets' strong years and championship.

While Foster and Kingman performed below expectations and the Mets finished poorly in both 1982 and 1983, Cashen made one of the most lopsided trades in franchise history, acquiring former MVP, batting champion, and 1982 World Champion member Keith Hernandez from St. Louis for pitchers Neil Allen and Rick Ownbey. Hernandez became a team leader both offensively and defensively while Allen was an average pitcher and Ownbey played in only 21 more games in the majors.

In 1984, Cashen hired Davey Johnson to be the Mets' manager for a $100,000 annual salary.[1] Johnson had been the second baseman with the Orioles while Cashen was the G.M.[4] After a successful 1984 season which saw the Mets first winning record since 1976, Cashen and the Mets traded Hubie Brooks and three others to the Montreal Expos for future Hall of Fame catcher, Gary Carter, and most of the pieces were in place for a championship team. The Mets barely missed the playoffs in 1985 and then won the 1986 World Series with the best record of any team during the 1980s.[3]

Decline in New York

While Cashen was largely credited for building the Mets into the 1986 World Champions, he was quickly vilified for dismantling the franchise when a dynasty never materialized. In various transactions, scrappy clubhouse leaders, Lenny "Nails" Dykstra, Roger McDowell, and Wally Backman, as well as fan favorite, Mookie Wilson,[3] and future All-Stars, Rick Aguilera and Kevin Tapani, were traded away.

In return, the Mets received the hugely disappointing Juan Samuel as well as Frank Viola (who won 20 games in 1990 but was otherwise only average in less than three seasons with New York), Jeff Musselman (who was out of baseball after 1990), and four players that never played in the majors. Hernandez, Carter, and World Series MVP Ray Knight were either released or granted free agency in the years following the championship. Instead, the Mets hopes were pinned on Gregg Jefferies who soon faltered and was very unpopular on the team.[1] After stumbling to a fifth-place finish in 1991, Cashen stepped down as the Mets' general manager.[1]

Later life

Following his tenure as general manager of the Mets Cashen continued working with the team in various capacities including chief operating officer in 1992 and consultant in 1993.[5] In November 1998, the Mets general manager, Steve Phillips, took time off to address a sexual harassment lawsuit and Cashen was named interim GM for a week.[6][7]

Cashen was inducted into the New York Mets Hall of Fame[3] on August 1, 2010 alongside Davey Johnson, Dwight Gooden, and Darryl Strawberry.[8] Frank Cashen and his wife Jean had seven children.[9] Cashen was noted for frequently wearing a bow tie.[9]

Record as General Manager

Team Year Regular Season Post Season
Won Lost Win % Finish Result
BAL 1972 80 74 .519 3rd in AL East -
BAL 1973 97 65 .599 1st in AL East Lost to Oakland Athletics in 1973 ALCS.
BAL 1974 91 77 .562 1st in AL East Lost to Oakland Athletics in 1974 ALCS.
BAL 1975 90 69 .566 2nd in AL East -
BAL Total 358 285 .557 2 Playoff Appearances
NYM 1980 64 98 .395 6th in NL East -
NYM 1981 41 62 .398 5th in NL East -
NYM 1982 65 97 .401 6th in NL East -
NYM 1983 68 94 .420 6th in NL East -
NYM 1984 90 72 .556 2nd in NL East
NYM 1985 98 64 .605 2nd in NL East -
NYM 1986 108 54 .667 1st in NL East -Defeated Boston Red Sox in 1986 World Series.
NYM 1987 92 70 .568 2nd in NL East -
NYM 1988 100 60 .625 1st in NL East -Lost to Los Angeles Dodgers in 1988 NLCS.
NYM 1989 87 75 .537 2nd in NL East -
NYM 1990 91 71 .562 2nd in NL East -
NYM 1991 77 84 .478 5th in NL East -
NYM 1993 4 10 .562 Interim GM -
NYM Total 1153 1066 .520 2 Playoff Appearances, 1 Pennant and 1 World Series title
MLB Total 1511 1351 .528 4 Playoff Appearances, 1 Pennant and 1 World Series title


Cashen died on June 30, 2014, at the age of 88, after a short illness.[10]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Pearlman, Jeff (2004). "The Road to 1986". The Bad Guys Won!. HarperCollins. pp. 20–36. ISBN 0-06-050732-2.
  2. ^ Sprechman, Jordan (February 7, 2012). "J. Frank Cashen Archives". New-York Historical Society. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e Walker, Ben (July 1, 2014) "Manager led Mets to World Series" The Washington Post, page B6; retrieved July 6, 2014 [1]
  4. ^ Holtje, Steve. "Davey Johnson". Archived from the original on 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2006-08-26.
  5. ^ "Transactions". New York Times. 1991-09-28. Retrieved 2006-09-24.
  6. ^ Murray Chass (1998-11-10). "With No Time to Spare, Cashen Is Returning to the Game". New York Times. p. D4. Retrieved 2006-09-24.
  7. ^ Jason Diamos (1998-11-17). "The Mets Return Phillips To General Manager's Job". New York Times. p. D1. Retrieved 2006-09-24.
  8. ^ Kaplan, Thomas (August 1, 2010). "Four New Inductees in Mets Hall of Fame". New York Times. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Former Mets GM Frank Cashen dies at 88". Associated Press. June 30, 2014. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  10. ^ Rubin, Adam (June 30, 2014). "Frank Cashen dies at age 88". Retrieved July 1, 2014.
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Harry Dalton
Baltimore Orioles General Manager
Succeeded by
Hank Peters
Preceded by
Joe McDonald
New York Mets General Manager
1998 (interim)
Succeeded by
Al Harazin
Steve Phillips
Preceded by
John Schuerholz
Sporting News Major League Baseball
Executive of the Year

Succeeded by
Al Rosen
1972 Baltimore Orioles season

The 1972 Baltimore Orioles season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Orioles finishing third in the American League East with a record of 80 wins and 74 losses.

1973 Baltimore Orioles season

The 1973 Baltimore Orioles season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Orioles finishing first in the American League East with a record of 97 wins and 65 losses. They went on to lose to the Oakland Athletics in the 1973 American League Championship Series, three games to two.

1974 Baltimore Orioles season

The 1974 Baltimore Orioles season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Orioles finishing first in the American League East with a record of 91 wins and 71 losses. The Orioles went on to lose to the Oakland Athletics in the 1974 American League Championship Series, 3 games to 1.

1975 Baltimore Orioles season

The 1975 Baltimore Orioles season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Orioles finishing 2nd in the American League East with a record of 90 wins and 69 losses.

1980 New York Mets season

The 1980 New York Mets season was the 19th regular season for the Mets, who played home games at Shea Stadium. Led by manager Joe Torre, the team had a 67–95 record and finished in fifth place in the National League East.

1984 New York Mets season

The New York Mets' 1984 season was the 23rd regular season for the Mets. They went 90–72 and finished in second place in the National League East. They were managed by Davey Johnson. They played home games at Shea Stadium.

1987 New York Mets season

The New York Mets' 1987 season was the 26th regular season for the Mets. They went 92-70 and finished 2nd in the NL East. They were managed by Davey Johnson. The team played home games at Shea Stadium.

1988 New York Mets season

The New York Mets' 1988 season was the 27th regular season for the Mets. They went 100–60 and finished first in the NL East. They were managed by Davey Johnson. They played home games at Shea Stadium.

1989 New York Mets season

The New York Mets' 1989 season was the 28th regular season for the Mets. They went 87-75 and finished 2nd in the NL East. They were managed by Davey Johnson. They played home games at Shea Stadium.

Al Harazin

Al Harazin served as the New York Mets assistant general manager from 1986 to 1990, and from 1992 to 1993 he served as their general manager.

Baltimore Orioles Hall of Fame

The following is a list of all members of the Baltimore Orioles' Hall of Fame, representing the most significant contributors to the history of the Baltimore Orioles professional baseball team. The hall of fame is on display at Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore, Maryland.

Craig Lefferts

Craig Lindsay Lefferts (born September 29, 1957) is a former relief pitcher for the Chicago Cubs, San Diego Padres, San Francisco Giants, Baltimore Orioles, Texas Rangers and California Angels between 1983 and 1994.

Jerold Hoffberger

Jerold Charles Hoffberger (April 7, 1919 – April 9, 1999) was an American businessman. He was president of the National Brewing Company from 1946 to 1973. He was also part-owner of the Baltimore Orioles of the American League from 1954 to 1965, and majority owner from 1965 to 1979.

Joe McDonald (baseball executive)

Joseph A. McDonald (born July 5, 1929 in Staten Island, New York) is a former front office executive in American Major League Baseball.

John Schuerholz

John Boland Schuerholz Jr. (; born October 1, 1940) is an American baseball front office executive. He was the general manager of Major League Baseball's Atlanta Braves from 1990 to 2007, and then served as the Braves President for a decade from 2007 until 2016. Before joining Atlanta, he spent twenty-two years with the Kansas City Royals organization, including nine (1982 to 1990) as the club's general manager. Among the teams he built are the 1985 Royals and 1995 Braves, both World Series champions. His teams have also won their division 16 times, including 14 consecutive times in Atlanta. During his time with the Braves, they won five National League pennants. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2017.

List of New York Mets owners and executives

The New York Mets are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in Queens, in New York City, New York. They play in the National League East division. In the team's history (1962-), the Mets have employed 12 general managers (GMs). The GM controls player transactions, hiring and firing of the coaching staff, and negotiates with players and agents regarding contracts. The longest-tenured GM is Frank Cashen, who held the position for 11 years (1980–1990).

New York Mets Hall of Fame

The New York Mets Hall of Fame was created in order to recognize the careers of former New York Mets players, managers, broadcasters and executives. There are presently 27 members. Originally located in the Diamond Club at Shea Stadium, the inductees are now honored with plaques in the Mets Hall of Fame and Museum at Citi Field, which opened in April 2010. (In Citi Field's first season, 2009, the space was part of the Mets Team Store.)

Sporting News Executive of the Year Award

The Sporting News Executive of the Year Award was established in 1936 by Sporting News and is given annually to one executive — including general managers — in Major League Baseball.

Listed below in chronological order are the baseball executives chosen as recipients of the TSN Executive of the Year Award.


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