Frank Belknap Long

Frank Belknap Long (April 27, 1901 – January 3, 1994) was an American writer of horror fiction, fantasy, science fiction, poetry, gothic romance, comic books, and non-fiction.[1] Though his writing career spanned seven decades, he is best known for his horror and science fiction short stories, including early contributions to the Cthulhu Mythos. During his life, Long received the World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement (at the 1978 World Fantasy Convention), the Bram Stoker Award for Lifetime Achievement (in 1987, from the Horror Writers Association), and the First Fandom Hall of Fame Award (1977).

Frank Belknap Long
Frank Belknap Long, date unknown
Frank Belknap Long, date unknown
BornFrank Belknap Long
April 27, 1901
Harlem, Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States
DiedJanuary 3, 1994 (aged 92)
Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States
Resting placeWoodlawn Cemetery
Pen nameLeslie Northern
Lyda Belknap Long
NationalityAmerican
GenreAmerican writer, comic, fantasy, Gothic romance, horror, non-fiction, poetry, science fiction

Biography

Early life

He was born in Manhattan, New York City on April 27, 1901. He grew up in the Harlem area of Manhattan. His father was a prosperous dentist and his mother was May Doty. The family resided at 823 West End Avenue in Manhattan. Long's father was a keen fisher and hunter, and Long accompanied the family on annual summer vacations from the age of six months to 17, usually in the Thousand Islands region on the Canadian shore, about seven miles from the village of Gananoque. When he was three years old, on one of these vacations, Long fell into the river at the end of a long pier and contracted pneumonia [2]

A lifelong resident of New York City, Long was educated in the New York City public school system. As a boy he was fascinated by natural history, and wrote that he dreamed of running "away from home and explore the great rain forests of the Amazon." He developed his interest in the weird by reading the Oz books, Jules Verne, and H.G. Wells as well as Ambrose Bierce and Edgar Allan Poe. Though writing was to be his life's work, he once commented that as "important as writing is, I could have been completely happy if I had a secure position in a field that has always had a tremendous emotion and an imaginative appeal for me—that of natural history."

In his late teens, he was active in the United Amateur Press Association (UAPA) in which he won a prize from The Boy's World (around 1919) and thus discovered amateur journalism. His first published tale was "Dr Whitlock's Price (United Amateur, March 1920). Long's story "The Eye Above the Mantel" (1921), a pastiche of Edgar Allan Poe, in UAPA, caught the eye of H. P. Lovecraft, sparking a friendship and correspondence that would endure until Lovecraft's death in 1937.

Long attended New York University from 1920 to 1921, studying journalism but later transferred to Columbia, leaving without a degree. In 1921, he suffered a severe attack of appendicitis, leading to a ruptured appendix and peritonitis. He spent a month in New York's Roosevelt Hospital, where he came close to dying. Long's brush with death propelled him into a decision that he would leave college to pursue a freelance writing career.

Early career: the 1920s

In 1924, at the age of 22, he sold his first short story, "The Desert Lich", to Weird Tales magazine. Throughout the next four decades, Long was to be a frequent contributor to pulp magazines, including two of the most famous: Weird Tales (under editor Farnsworth Wright) and Astounding Science Fiction (under editor John W. Campbell). Long was an active freelance writer, also publishing many non-fiction articles.

His first book, the scarce volume A Man from Genoa and Other Poems, was published in 1926 by W. Paul Cook. Two copies are held in the collections of John Hay Library. [3] The poems in this collection won praise from a great variety of writers, among them Arthur Machen, Robinson Jeffers, William Ellery Leonard, John Drinkwater, John Masefield and George Sterling.[3] Samuel Loveman declared that Long's poem "The Marriage of Sir John de Mandeville" was worthy of Christopher Marlowe.

Long's closest friends (apart from H. P. Lovecraft) in this period included Samuel Loveman, H. Warner Munn, and James F. Morton. He had several encounters with Hart Crane, who lived one flight above Loveman in Brooklyn Heights.[4]

1930s

"The Horror from the Hills", a story serialised in 1931 in Weird Tales, incorporated almost verbatim a dream H. P. Lovecraft related to him (among other correspondents) in a letter. The short novel was published many years later in separate book form by Arkham House in 1963, as The Horror from the Hills.

In the late 1930s, Long turned his hand to science fiction, writing for Astounding Science Fiction. He also contributed horror stories to Unknown, later called Unknown Worlds. Long contributed an episode (along with C.L. Moore, Robert E. Howard and H. P. Lovecraft) to the round-robin story "The Challenge from Beyond" (1935).

Like The Man from Genoa and Other Poems, his second book is a volume of fantastic verse: The Goblin Tower (1935), published jointly by H. P. Lovecraft and Robert H. Barlow under Barlow's The Dragonfly Press imprint. (A variant edition of this volume was published in 1945 by New Collectors Group - see Bibliography). Published in an edition of only 100 copies, this volume is exceedingly scarce; two copies are held at the collections of John Hay Library.[5]

1940s

In pulps such as Thrilling Wonder Stories and Startling Stories during the 1940s, Long sometimes wrote using the pseudonym 'Leslie Northern.' What Long characterized as a "minor disability" kept him out of World War II and writing full-time during the early 1940s.

Long reputedly ghost-wrote two, possibly three, of the Ellery Queen Junior novels (see Ellery Queen (house name) (mentioned in correspondence with August Derleth) but unfortunately did not identify the three titles. It has been speculated by researchers that the two are: The Golden Eagle Mystery (1942) and The Green Turtle Mystery (1944). The third one may have been the fugitive The Mystery of the Golden Butterfly, which was apparently never published. (This volume is mentioned as Long's on the rear panel of The Horror from the Hills and on the rear flap of The Rim of the Unknown).

He wrote comic books in the 1940s, including horror stories for Adventures Into the Unknown (ACG).[6] Long contributed several original scripts to this comic's early issues, as well as an adaptation of Walpole's The Castle of Otranto. He authored scripts for Planet Comics, Superman, Congo Bill, DC's Golden Age Green Lantern, and the Fawcett Comics Captain Marvel. He worked in the 1940s as a script-reader for Twentieth Century Fox [3] Long wrote crime and weird menace stories for Ten Gang Mystery and other magazines.

During the 1940s, Long lived for a period in California.

Long credited Theodore Sturgeon, whom he met several times in the mid-1940s, as being instrumental in getting one of his middle-period stories, "A Guest in the House", produced on CBS-TV in 1954.[7]

In 1946, Arkham House published Long's first collection of supernatural fiction, The Hounds of Tindalos, which collected 21 of his best tales from the previous twenty years of magazine publication. It featured works which had appeared in such pulps as Weird Tales, Astounding Stories, Super Science Stories, Unknown, Thrilling Wonder Stories, Dynamic Science Fiction, Startling Stories, and others. In "The Man from Time", a time-traveller from the future has an encounter with writer F. Scott Fitzgerald.

His later science fiction works include the story collection John Carstairs, Space Detective (1949) about a 'botanical detective', and the novels Space Station 1 (1957), Mars is My Destination (1962) and It Was the Day of the Robot (1963).

Avon Fantasy Reader 13
Long's 1935 Weird Tales story "The Body-Masters" was reprinted in 1950 as "The Love-Slave and the Scientists".

1950s

In the 1950s he was involved with editing five different magazines. He was uncredited associate editor on The Saint Mystery Magazine and Fantastic Universe. He was associate editor on Satellite Science Fiction, 1959; on Short Stories, 1959–60; and on Mike Shayne Mystery Magazine until 1966.

Long several times met fellow Weird Tales writer and poet Joseph Payne Brennan, and later provided the foreword for Brennan's The Chronicles of Lucius Leffing (1977).

1960s

After the decline of the pulps, Long moved into the prolific production of science fiction and gothic romance novels during the 1960s and 1970s. He even wrote a Man from UNCLE story, "The Electronic Frankenstein Affair", which appeared under the pen name Robert Hart Davis in the Man from UNCLE Magazine.

In 1960, he married Lyda Arco, an artists' representative and aficionado of drama. She was a Russian descended from a line of actors in the Yiddish theatre who ran a salon in Chelsea, NY. They stayed together till Long's death in 1994, but had no children. Long described himself as an "agnostic." Referring to Lovecraft, Long wrote that he "always shared HPL's skepticism . . . concerning the entire range of alleged supernatural occurrences and what is commonly defined as 'the occult.'"

In 1963 Arkham House published Long's novel The Horror from the Hills, a work partly incorporating Lovecraft's account of a dream Lovecraft had experienced. This work introduced Long's alien entity Chaugnar Faugn into the Cthulhu Mythos cycle.

1970s

In 1972 Arkham House published The Rim of the Unknown, their second hardcover collection of Long's work - a volume focussing primarily on his science fiction short stories.

Long wrote nine modern Gothic novels, starting with So Dark a Heritage in 1966 (published under his own name), eight of which were published as by "Lyda Belknap Long", a combination of his wife (Lyda Arco Long)'s first name and his middle name and surname. Seven of these appeared during the 1970s; all were entirely his own work and were workmanlike products intended to support him and his wife rather than to be of high literary quality.

Illumination on Long's own life and work is provided by his extensive introduction to The Early Long (1975), a collection of his best early stories which essentially duplicates the contents of The Hounds of Tindalos but to which Long adds detailed headnotes to each story. Further writing on his own life is found in his Autobiographical Memoir (Necronomicon Press, 1986).

Long's book-length memoir of H. P. Lovecraft, Howard Phillips Lovecraft: Dreamer on the Nightside, was issued by Arkham House in 1975. It was written in haste as a result of Long's reading of L. Sprague de Camp's Lovecraft: A Biography (1975), which Long felt to be biased against Lovecraft.

Frank Belknap Long Tower 2009
The grave of Frank Belknap Long in Woodlawn Cemetery.

In 1977, Arkham House issued Long's hardcover poetry collection In Mayan Splendor, containing all the poems from A Man from Genoa and Other Poems (1924) and The Goblin Tower (1926). The same year he won the First Fandom Hall of Fame award (1977). In 1978 he won the World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement (at the 1978 4th World Fantasy Convention).

Later career: 1980s–1990s

Long's literary output slowed down after 1977, with his gothic The Lemoyne Heritage. He published several scattered stories in the 1980s including the story chapbook "Rehearsal Night" (Pub: Thomas L. Owen,1981) and one episode in the round-robin sequence Ghor Kin-Slayer (Necronomicon Press, 1997). He and his wife lived in extreme poverty during the 1980s and 1990s in an apartment in Chelsea, Manhattan - a period documented in Peter Cannon's memoir Long Memories (1997).

In 1987, Long was awarded the Bram Stoker Award for Lifetime Achievement (from the Horror Writers Association).

Long, though confined to a wheelchair, was a Guest of Honour at the H.P. Lovecraft Centennial Conference in Providence, Rhode Island, in 1990, where he spoke on panels regarding his memories of his great friend and literary mentor.

Long died of pneumonia on January 3, 1994 at the age of 92 at Saint Vincent's Catholic Medical Center in Manhattan, after a seven-decade career as a writer and editor.[1] He was briefly survived by his wife, Lyda.

Due to his poverty, he was interred in a potter's field for indigents. Friends and colleagues, on learning of this indignity, had his remains moved and reinterred at New York City's Woodlawn Cemetery, in a family plot near that of Lovecraft's grandparents. A graveside ceremony on Nov 3 1995 was attended by such figures as Scott D. Briggs, Peter Cannon, Stefan Dziemianowicz, Ben P. Indick, S. T. Joshi, T.E.D. Klein and others and with a poignant homily delivered by the Rev. Robert M. Price. On Nov 17, 1995 the actual interment of Long's body took place, an event witnessed by Peter Cannon, Ben P. Indick and S. T. Joshi. Long's fans contributed over $3,000 to have his name engraved upon the central shaft of his burial plot.[8] Lyda died shortly after Frank;[8] her ashes were scattered on his grave.

Legacy

Frank Belknap Long left behind a body of work that included twenty-nine novels, 150 short stories, eight collections of short stories, three poetry collections, and numerous freelance magazine articles and comic book scripts. Author Ray Bradbury summed up Long's career: "Frank Belknap Long has lived through a major part of science fiction history in the U.S., has known most of the writers personally, or has corresponded with them, and has, with his own writing, helped shape the field when most of us were still in our early teens."

Friendship with Lovecraft

The Genius of Mr. Long is a spontaneous and self-expressive one.
—H. P. Lovecraft

H. P. Lovecraft was a close friend and mentor to Frank Belknap Long, with whom he came in contact in 1920 when Long was nineteen. Lovecraft found Long a stimulating correspondent especially in regard to his aesthetic tastes, focussing on the Italian Renaissance and French literature. Lovecraft published some of Long's early work in his Conservative (e.g. Felis: A prose Poem [July 1923], about Long's pet cat) and paid tribute to Long in a flattering article, "The Work of Frank Belknap Long, Jun.," published anonymously in the United Amateur (May 1924) but clearly by Lovecraft.They first met when Lovecraft visited New York in April 1922. They saw each other with great frequency (especially during Lovecraft's Brooklyn residence in New York City from 1924 to 1926), at which time they were the chief members of the Kalem Club and wrote to each other often. Long's family apartment was always Lovecraft's residence and headquarters during his periodic trips from Providence to New York. Long writes that he and Lovecraft exchanged "more than a thousand letters, not a few running to more than eighty handwritten pages" before Lovecraft's death in 1937. Some of their correspondence has been reprinted in Arkham House's Selected Letters series, collecting the voluminous correspondence of Lovecraft and his friends. Long's Howard Phillips Lovecraft: Dreamer on the Night Side was extensively edited by James Turner.

During the 1920s, Long and Lovecraft were both members of the Kalem Club (named for the initials of the surnames of original members—K, L, or M). Long was also part of the loosely associated "Lovecraft Circle" of fantasy writers (along with Robert Bloch, August Derleth, Robert E. Howard, Henry Kuttner, Clark Ashton Smith, C. M. Eddy, Jr., and Donald Wandrei) who corresponded regularly with each other and influenced and critiqued each other's works.

Long wrote a brief preface to the stillborn edition of Lovecraft's The Shunned House (1928). Lovecraft, in turn, ghostwrote for Long the preface to Mrs William B. Symmes' Old World Footprints (W. Paul Cook/The Recluse Press, 1928), a slim poetry collection by Long's aunt. Long's short novel The Horror from the Hills (Weird Tales, Jan and Feb-March 1931; published in book from 1963) incorporates verbatim a letter by Lovecraft recounting his great 'Roman dream' of Hallow'een 1927. Long teamed with Lovecraft in a revision service with Lovecraft in 1928. Long's parents frequently took Lovecraft on various motor trips between 1929 and 1930, and Lovecraft visited Long at Christmas between 1932 and 1935 inclusive. Lovecraft helped set type for Long's second poetry collection, The Goblin Tower (1935), correcting some of Long's faulty metre in the process. Lovecraft's letters to Long after 1931 have all been lost, with the letters up to that date existing primarily in transcriptions prepared by Arkham House.

The Long/Lovecraft friendship was fictionalized in Peter Cannon's 1985 novel Pulptime: Being a Singular Adventure of Sherlock Holmes, Lovecraft, and the Kalem Club as if Narrated by Frank Belknap Long, Jr.. Long was a Guest of Honour at the Lovecraft Centennial Conference in Providence in 1990.

Long wrote a number of early Cthulhu Mythos stories. These included "The Hounds of Tindalos" (the first Mythos story written by anyone other than Lovecraft), The Horror from the Hills (which introduced the elephantine Great Old One Chaugnar Faugn to the Mythos), and "The Space-Eaters" (featuring a fictionalized HPL as its main character). A number of other works by Long can be considered as falling within the Cthulhu Mythos; these include "The Brain Eaters" and "The Malignant Invader", as well as such poems as "The Abominable Snowman" and "When Chaugnar Wakes". A later Mythos story, "Dark Awakening", appeared in New Tales of the Cthulhu Mythos. The story betrays the influence of Long's pseudonymous romantic fiction, and the final paragraph was added by the editor at Long's suggestion.

The Hounds of Tindalos are Long's most famous fictional creation. The Hounds were a pack of foul and incomprehensibly alien beasts "emerging from strange angles in dim recesses of non-Euclidean space before the dawn of time" (Long) to pursue travelers down the corridors of time. They could only enter our reality via angles, where they would mangle and exsanguinate their victims, leaving behind only a "peculiar bluish pus or ichor" (Long).

Influence on popular culture

The Hounds of Tindalos have been used or referenced by many later Mythos writers, including Ramsey Campbell, Lin Carter, Brian Lumley and Peter Cannon. Cannon's story "The Letters of Halpin Chalmers", a direct sequel to "The Hounds of Tindalos", in which the main characters are thinly disguised versions of Frank and Lyda Long, appears in Robert Weinberg, Stefan R. Dziemianowicz and Martin H. Greenberg, 100 Crooked Little Crime Stories (NY: Barnes and Noble, 1994).

Peter Cannon's novel Pulptime features Long as the narrator. Long also appears in Richard Lupoff's novel Lovecraft's Book (1985) and its full-text version Marblehead.

"The Hounds of Tindalos" inspired a number of metal and electronic music artists, such as Metallica (with their song "All Nightmare Long" from their ninth studio album Death Magnetic), Epoch of Unlight, Edith Byron's Group, Beowulf, Fireaxe,[9] and Univers Zero, all of whom have recorded tracks based on it.

Charles P. Mitchell has suggested that the drone dog in the movie Phantoms (film), based on a novel by Dean R. Koontz, is reminiscent of the Hounds of Tindalos.[10]

Bibliography

Poetry

  • A Man from Genoa and Other Poems (1926) (Athol, MA: W. Paul Cook)
  • The Goblin Tower (Cassia FL: Dragon-Fly Press, 1935; New Collectors Group, 1945. Note: Due to the somewhat misleading publisher's introduction to the New Collectors Group edition, it is often mis-catalogued as a reprint of the 1935 Dragon-Fly Press edition. In fact, the selection of poems differs; the New Collectors Group edition drops four, "When Chaugnar Wakes," "Exotic Quest," "West Indies" and "Martial: The Vacationist" and adds three, "The Prophet," "Prediction" and "Walt Whitman." The collection is not to be confused with the novel of the same title by L. Sprague de Camp.
  • On Reading Arthur Machen: A Sonnet. (Pengrove, Palo Alto, CA: Dog and Duck Press, 1949). 20 copies, privately printed. [4] Note: H. P. Lovecraft quotes Long's sonnet in full within his discussion of Arthur Machen's work in Supernatural Horror in Literature.[11]
  • The Marriage of Sir John de Mandeville John Mandeville (Roy A. Squires, 1976). 22 copies signed by the author.
  • In Mayan Splendor (Arkham House, 1977; Long's own selection of his best verse; includes contents of A Man from Genoa and The Goblin Tower plus additional poems. Includes introduction by Samuel Loveman.
  • When Chaugnar Wakes Chaugnar Faugn (Fantome Press, 1978; 80 copies only). A chapbook of this single poem, originally published in Weird Tales 20, No 3 and reprinted in In Mayan Splendor.
  • The Darkling Tide: Previously Uncollected Poetry (Tsathoggua Press, 1995; edited by Perry M. Grayson)
Satellite science fiction 195704
"Operation: Square Peg", a collaboration between Long and advertising executive Irving W. Lande, was the cover story for the April 1957 issue of Satellite Science Fiction
Satellite science fiction 195802
Long's "Mission to a Distant Star" was the cover story for the February 1958 issue of Satellite Science Fiction. It appeared in book form in 1964 as Mission to a Star.

Novels

  • Space Station 1 (Ace Books D242,1957 - an Ace double, bound with Empire of the Atom by A.E. van Vogt)
  • Mission to a Distant Star (Satellite SF magazine serial in 5 parts)
  • Woman from Another Planet (Chariot Books,1960)
  • The Horror Expert (Belmont Books, Dec 1961)
  • The Mating Center (Chariot Books,1961)
  • Mars is My Destination (Pyramid Books, June 1962)
  • The Horror from the Hills (Arkham House,1963); expanded edition as Odd Science Fiction (1964)
  • Three Steps Spaceward (Avalon Books, 1963)
  • It Was the Day of the Robot (Belmont Books, 1963). Reprint: Dennis Dobson, 1964.
  • The Martian Visitors (Avalon Books, 1964)
  • Mission to a Star (Avalon Books, 1964)
  • Lest Earth Be Conquered (Belmont Books, Dec 1966); reissue as The Androids, (Tower Books, 1969)
  • This Strange Tomorrow (Belmont Books, Feb 1966)
  • So Dark a Heritage (Lancer Books,1966)
  • Journey Into Darkness (Belmont Books, April 1967)
  • ...And Others Shall Be Born (Belmont Books, Jan 1968) (bound with The Thief of Thoth by Lin Carter)
  • The Three Faces of Time (Tower Books, 1969)
  • To the Dark Tower (Lancer Books, 1969) (as by Lyda Belknap Long)
  • Monster From Out of Time (Popular Library, 1970 pbk original). Reprinted in hc, London: Robert Hale, 1971.
  • Survival World (Lancer Prestige/Magnum, 1971)
  • The Witch Tree (Lancer Books, 1971) (as by Lyda Belknap Long)
  • Fire of the Witches (Popular Library, 1971) (as by Lyda Belknap Long)
  • The Shape of Fear (Beagle Books, July 1971) (as by Lyda/Lydia Belknap Long; the author's pseudonym 'Lyda Belknap long' was misprinted on the cover as 'Lydia Belknap Long').
  • The Night of the Wolf (Popular Library, 1972)
  • House of the Deadly Nightshade (Beagle Books, March 1972) (as by Lyda Belknap Long)
  • Legacy of Evil (Beagle Books, June 1973) (as by Lyda Belknap Long)
  • Crucible of Evil (Avon, July 1974)(as by Lyda Belknap Long)
  • The Lemoyne Heritage (Zebra Books, 1977)(as by Lyda Belknap Long)
  • Rehearsal Night (Pub: Thomas L. Owen,1981)
  • Ghor Kin-Slayer (Long has one episode in this round-robin sequence; Necronomicon Press, 1997)

Story collections

  • The Hounds of Tindalos (Arkham House, 1946). Reprints: London: Museum Press, 1950. NY: Belmont books, Aug 1963.
  • John Carstairs: Space Detective (Frederick Fell, 1949). Reprints: Toronto: McLeod, 1949 (?); Kemsley, 1951.
  • Odd Science Fiction (Aug 1964). Reprint, London: Brown Watson, 1965 (as The Horror from the Hills). Contains "The Horror from the Hills", plus "The Flame of Life" and "Giant in the Forest".
  • The Dark Beasts and Eight Other Stories from the Hounds of Tindalos (1964). Contains half the contents of the 1946 The Hounds of Tindalos collection.
  • The Rim of the Unknown (Arkham House, 1972). Reprint (pbk) Condor Books, 1978.
  • The Black Druid and Other Stories. (London: Panther, 1975)
  • A Dangerous Experiment (Necronomicon Press, 1977; single story in chapbook form). This tale is also reprinted in The Eye Above the Mantel and Other Stories.
  • The Early Long (NY: Doubleday, 1975) (London: Robert Hale, 1977). (NY: Jove/HBJ, 1979 as The Hounds of Tindalos).
  • Night Fear (Zebra Books, 1979). Intro by Roy Torgeson. 16 tales from the pulps including "The Horror from the Hills".
  • Escape from Tomorrow: Three Previously Unreprinted Weird Tales (Necronomicon Press, 1995)
  • The Eye Above the Mantel and Other Stories: 4 Previously Uncollected Weird Tales. Foreword by H.P. Lovecraft. Edited by Perry M. Grayson. West Hills, CA: Tsathoggua Press, Aug 1995. The Foreword is Lovecraft's essay "The Work of Frank Belknap Long, Jr", reprinted from The United Amateur (May 1924).
  • The Man Who Died Twice & Three Others (Wildside Press, 2009)

Plays

A Guest in the House (CBS-TV television play, 1954)

Recordings

Audio recording of author panel discussion from First World Fantasy Convention, Providence, 1975. Long's voice was preserved on a flexi-disc record of this speech issued with the fanzine Myrrdin Issue 3 (1976). The other side of the flexi-disc contains a recording of Robert Bloch's speech from the convention.

Memoirs of H. P. Lovecraft

  • "Random Memories of H. P. Lovecraft" (Marginalia)
  • "H.P.L. in Red Hook" (in The Occult Lovecraft, ed. Anthony Raven, 1975)
  • Howard Phillips Lovecraft: Dreamer on the Night Side (Arkham House, 1975). Italian translation published by Profondo Rosso, Rome, 2010 as H. P. Lovecraft e le ombre
  • "H. P. Lovecraft". Poem. Weird Tales (June 1938); reprinted in In Mayan Splendor (p. 66)

Other essays

  • "At the Home of Poe". Reprint in Lon Milo duQuette, ed, The Weiser Book of Horror and the Occult: Hidden Magic, Occult Truths, and the scary Stories That Started It All, Red Wheel/Weiser, 2014.

Introductions to books by others

  • Joseph Payne Brennan. The Chronicles of Lucius Leffing. Donald M. Grant, Publisher, 1977.
  • Richard Lupoff. The Return of Skull-Face. Fax Collectors Editions, 1977.
  • H.P. Lovecraft The Colour Out of Space (Jove, 1978). Long's brief preface was inadvertently omitted from the first printing of this collection.
  • H. P. Lovecraft. The Conservative Complete 1915-1923. West Warwick, RI: Necronomicon Press, 1976 (50 copies only); 1977 (2000 copies). Edited by Marc A. Michaud.

Awards

Long's poem "The Marriage of Sir John de Mandeville" was a retrospective Nominee for Best Long Poem in the 1977 Rhysling Awards

Media adaptations

  • Long's short story "The Space Eaters" was adapted as episode 63 of the television series Monsters, starring Richard Clarke, Mart Hulswit and Richard M. Hughes.[12][13]

References

  1. ^ a b William Grimes (January 5, 1994). "Frank Belknap Long, an Author Of Science Fiction, Is Dead at 90". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-23. Frank Belknap Long, the author of "The Hounds of Tindalos," "The Horror From the Hills" and other works of fantasy, the supernatural and science fiction, died on Sunday at St. Vincent's Hospital in Manhattan. He was 90 and lived in Manhattan. ...
  2. ^ Frank Belknap Long, Autobiographical Memoir. West Warwick, RI: Necronomicon Press, 198, pp3-06
  3. ^ a b Jacket bio, Frank Belknap Long, The Hounds of Tindalos, Sauk City, WI: Arkham House, 1946
  4. ^ Frank Belknap Long. Autobiographical Memoir. West Warwick, RI: Necronomicvon Press, 198, pp. 10-12.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-09-23. Retrieved 2016-09-22.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), [2]
  7. ^ The Early Long, Doubleday, 1975, p.xxviii
  8. ^ a b The New Lovecraft Collector 9 (Winter 1995), 3
  9. ^ /Brian Voth
  10. ^ Charles P. Mitchell, The Complete H. P. Lovecraft Filmography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001, p. 168
  11. ^ H. P. Lovecraft, The Annotated Supernatural Horror in Literature NY: Hippocampus Press, revised & updated second edition, 2012, p. 82.
  12. ^ "A Lovecraft Filmology, Part Six: Questionable Inclusion". Yankee Classic Pictures. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  13. ^ "The Space Eaters" on IMDb

Further reading

  • Interview. Frank Belknap Long. Fantasy Newsletter (August 1980).
  • Mike Ashley. "Frank B. Long". Fantasy Media, 1980, 13.
  • Mike Ashley. "Fiction of Frank Belknap Long." Pulp Vault 12/13 (1996), ix.
  • Mike Ashley, "Memories of Frank Belknap Long.". Pulp Vault 12/13 (1996).
  • Leigh Blackmore. "On the Rim of the Unknown: A Visit with Frank and Lyda Belknap Long". Shoggoth No 1 (1992).
  • Peter Cannon Long Memories: Recollections of Frank Belknap Long, Stockport: British Fantasy Society, 1997. Afterword by Ramsey Campbell
  • Peter Cannon. "Frank Belknap Long: A Personal Tribute" in Cannon's 'Sunset Terrace Imagery in Lovecraft' and Other Essays. West Warwick, RI: Necronomicon Press, july 1990,29-30.
  • Tom Collins. "Frank Belknap Long on Literature, Lovecraft and the Golden Age of 'Weird Tales'"". Twilight Zone 1, No 10 (Jan 1982)
  • Grayson, Perry M. "Frank Belknap Long: Fantasist of Multiple Dimensions: A Preliminary Critical & Historical Overview."
  • Grayson, Perry M. "Frank Belknap Long, Jr (1903-1994): Six Decades of Night Fear in the Eyes of 'The Young Man with Spectacles': A Selected Bio-bibliography". Yawning Vortex 1, No 1 (Summer 1994).
  • Grayson, Perry M. "Frank Belknap Long Pioneers the Unknown". Other Dimensions: The Journal of Multimedia Horror No 3 (Winter 1996), 24-27. On Long's contribution to the early horror comics.
  • Grayson, Perry M. "Hail Francis, Lord Belknap!". Intro in Escape from Tomorrow (Necronomicon Press, 1995)
  • Grayson, Perry M. "The Lyda Books". Yawning Vortex 2, No 2 (Aug-Sept 1995)
  • Ben P. Indick. "In Memoriam: Frank Belknap Long". Lovecraft Studies No 30 (Spring 1994)
  • S. T. Joshi “Frank Belknap Long: The Gods Are Dead,” chapter 6 in Emperors of Dreams: Some Notes on Weird Poetry. Sydney: P’rea Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-9804625-3-1 (pbk) and ISBN 978-0-9804625-4-8 (hbk).
  • S. T. Joshi. "Things from the Sea: The Early Weird Fiction of Frank Belknap Long". Studies in Weird Fiction No 25 (Summer 2001). Reprint in Joshi's The Evolution of the Weird Tale. NY: Hippocampus Press, 2004, 98-106.
  • [Locus Editors] Obituary: Long, Frank Belknap, Locus v32:2 No.397 Feb 1994
  • Long, Frank Belknap, Autobiographical Memoir, Necronomicon Press, 1986.
  • Long, Frank Belknap, The Early Long: the Hounds of Tindalos, Jove Books, 1978.
  • Long, Frank Belknap, Howard Phillips Lovecraft: Dreamer on the Night Side, Arkham House, 1975.
  • Longhorn, David. "A Short Long Life". (review of Peter Cannon's Long Memories (see above). Necrofile No 27 (Winter 1998), 19-20.
  • Phelps. Donald. "Frank Belknap Long". Pulpsmith (Summer 1984).
  • Price, Robert M (ed). Crypt of Cthulhu No 42 (1986) is a special issue devoted to Long.

External links

Arkham House

Arkham House is an American publishing house specializing in weird fiction. It was founded in Sauk City, Wisconsin in 1939 by August Derleth and Donald Wandrei to preserve in hardcover the best fiction of H. P. Lovecraft. The company's name is derived from Lovecraft's fictional New England city, Arkham. Arkham House editions are noted for the quality of their printing and binding. The colophon for Arkham House was designed by Frank Utpatel.

Belmont Books

Belmont Books, also known as Belmont Productions, was an American publisher of genre fiction paperback originals founded in 1960. It specialized in science fiction, horror and fantasy, with titles appearing from 1961 through 1971. The company published books by such notable authors as Philip K. Dick, Philip José Farmer, Lin Carter, Robert Bloch, Frank Belknap Long, and Gardner Fox. Belmont was owned by the same company that owned Archie Comics.Belmont was formed by John L. Goldwater, Louis Silberkleit, Maurice Coyne, the co-founders of Archie Comics, who also ran the pulp magazine publisher Columbia Publications. When Columbia was shut down in 1960 (due to the demise of the pulp industry), Goldwater, Silberkleit, and Coyne immediately formed Belmont Books. According to the son of one of the founders, the name of the company came from Belmont Park, as the owners were fans of horse racing.Belmont's initial offerings were four titles — a Western, a mystery, a science fiction book, and a detective book. Once they got going, Belmont published about 12 titles per month, with print runs of between 30,000–70,000 copies. Rather than bookstores, their books were sold in railroad stations, airports, bus terminals, drug stores, and the lobbies of office buildings and hotels.From 1962–1965, Belmont published a number of science fiction anthologies, all edited by Ivan Howard, that featured content from the pulp magazines Science Fiction, Future Fiction, Science Fiction Quarterly, and Dynamic Science Fiction, all of which had been published by Belmont co-owner Louis Silberkleit.

Beginning in 1963, Belmont published nine updated The Shadow novels. The first one, Return of The Shadow, was by Walter B. Gibson. The remaining eight, published from 1964–1967, were written by Dennis Lynds under the pen name "Maxwell Grant."

From 1969 to 1970, Belmont published a series of sword and sorcery novels by Gardner Fox, featuring the barbarian character Kothar.The firm merged with Tower Publications (the parent company of Tower Comics) in 1971, forming Belmont Tower, under which name it continued publishing from 1971 through 1980.

Crypt of Cthulhu

Crypt of Cthulhu is an American fanzine devoted to the writings of H. P. Lovecraft and the Cthulhu Mythos. It was published as part of the Esoteric Order of Dagon amateur press association for a short time, and was formally established in 1981 by Robert M. Price, who edited it throughout its subsequent run.

Described by its editor as "a bizarre miscegenation; half Lovecraft Studies rip-off, half humor magazine, a 'pulp thriller and theological journal,'" it was a great deal more than that. Lovecraft scholarship was always a mainstay, with articles contributed by Steve Behrends, Edward P. Berglund, Peter Cannon, Stefan Dziemianowicz, S. T. Joshi, Robert A. W. Lowndes, Dirk W. Mosig, Will Murray, Darrell Schweitzer, Colin Wilson and Price himself. However the magazine published stories and poems too: resurrected, newly discovered, or in a few cases newly written, by Lovecraft and other such Weird Tales veterans as R. H. Barlow, Robert Bloch, Hugh B. Cave, August Derleth, C. M. Eddy, Jr., Robert E. Howard, Carl Jacobi, Henry Kuttner, Frank Belknap Long, E. Hoffmann Price, Duane W. Rimel, Richard F. Searight, Clark Ashton Smith and Wilfred Blanch Talman. It also had stories and poems by newer writers paying tribute to the old, including Ramsey Campbell, Lin Carter, John Glasby, C. J. Henderson, T. E. D. Klein, Thomas Ligotti, Brian Lumley, Gary Myers and Richard L. Tierney. Several issues were devoted to showcasing one or another of such authors. Its contents were illustrated by such artists of the fantastic as Thomas Brown, Jason C. Eckhardt, Stephen E. Fabian, D. L. Hutchinson, Robert H. Knox, Allen Koszowski, Gavin O'Keefe and Gahan Wilson. Its reviews covered genre books, films and games.

The magazine's run initial run encompassed 107 issues over a span of 20 years. The first 75 issues (dated Hallowmas 1981 through Michaelmas 1990), were published by Price under his own Cryptic Publications imprint. The next 26 issues, (dated Hallowmas 1990 through Eastertide 1999 and numbered 76 through 101) were published by Necronomicon Press. The last 6 issues, (dated Lammas 1999 through Eastertide 2001 and numbered 102 through 107), were published by Mythos Books. The magazine was inactive after 2001; however, Necronomicon Press revived it in 2017 with issue 108 (dated Hallomas 2017).

Ghost Stories (magazine)

Ghost Stories was a U.S. pulp magazine that published 64 issues between 1926 and 1932. It was one of the earliest competitors to Weird Tales, the first magazine to specialize in the fantasy and occult fiction genre. It was a companion magazine to True Story and True Detective Stories, and focused almost entirely on stories about ghosts, many of which were written by staff writers but presented under pseudonyms as true confessions. These were often accompanied by faked photographs to make the stories appear more believable. Ghost Stories also ran original and reprinted contributions, including works by Robert E. Howard, Carl Jacobi, and Frank Belknap Long. Among the reprints were Agatha Christie's "The Last Seance" (under the title "The Woman Who Stole a Ghost"), several stories by H.G. Wells, and Charles Dickens' "The Signal-Man". The magazine was initially successful, but began to lose readers, and in 1930 was sold to Harold Hersey. Hersey was unable to reverse the magazine's decline, and Ghost Stories ceased publication at the start of 1932.

Hounds of Tindalos

A Hound of Tindalos is a fictional creature created by Frank Belknap Long and later incorporated into the Cthulhu Mythos when it was codified by August Derleth. They first appeared in Long's short story "The Hounds of Tindalos", first published in the March 1929 issue of Weird Tales. Lovecraft mentions the creatures in his short story "The Whisperer in Darkness" (1931).

Hydra Club

The Hydra Club was a social organization of science fiction professionals and fans. It met in New York City during the 1940s and 1950s.

It was founded October 25, 1947 in the apartment of Judith Merril and Frederik Pohl on Grove Street in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of New York. As nine founders were present, the club took its name from the legendary nine-headed monster, the Hydra.

Among its members were Lester del Rey, David A. Kyle, Frederik Pohl, Judith Merril, Martin Greenberg, Robert W. Lowndes, Philip Klass, Jack Gillespie, David Reiner, L. Jerome Stanton, Fletcher and Inga Pratt, Willy Ley, George O. Smith, Basil Davenport, Sam Merwin, Harry Harrison, Jerome Bixby, Groff Conklin, Bea Mahaffey, Murray Leinster, Jack Coggins, and J. Harry Dockweiler.An article by Merril about the club in the November 1951 Marvel Science Fiction was accompanied by Harry Harrison's drawing caricaturing 41 members:

Harrison's caption adds, "The remaining twenty-odd members showed up too late at the meeting."

In Mayan Splendor

In Mayan Splendor is a collection of poems by Frank Belknap Long. It was released in 1977 by Arkham House in an edition of 2,947 copies. The book is illustrated by Stephen E. Fabian and contains the complete contents of Long's earlier verse collections, A Man from Genoa (1926) and The Goblin Tower (1935) plus additional poems.

Kalem Club

The Kalem Club was a literary circle in New York that formed around the American fantasy writer H. P. Lovecraft from 1924–1927. It gained its name because the surnames of the original members all began with K, L or M.Members of the club included:

George Willard Kirk (1898–1962)

Rheinhart Kleiner (1892–1949)

Herman Charles Koenig (1893–1959)

Frank Belknap Long (1901–94)

H. P. Lovecraft (1890–1937)

Samuel Loveman (1887–1976)

Henry Everett McNeil (1862–1929)

James Ferdinand Morton, Jr. (1870–1941)

List of speculative poets

This is a list of speculative poets. People on this list should have articles of their own, and should meet the Wikipedia notability guidelines for their poetry. Please place names on the list only if there is a real and existing article on the poet.

New Worlds for Old (Derleth)

New Worlds for Old is an anthology of science fiction stories edited by American writer August Derleth. It was first published by Four Square Books in 1963 and contains nine stories from Derleth's earlier anthology, Worlds of Tomorrow. Many of the stories had originally appeared in the magazines Fantastic, Fantasy: The Magazine of Science Fiction, Worlds Beyond, Astounding Stories, The Fantasy Fan, Fantasy and Science Fiction and Weird Tales.

Out There (1951 TV series)

Out There was a short-lived science fiction television program broadcast on Sundays at 6:00 p.m. EST on CBS Television from October 28, 1951 through January 13, 1952. It was one of the first science fiction anthology series, and one of the first shows to mix filmed special effects with "live" action. It only lasted twelve half-hour episodes before being cancelled. The awkward time slot may have led to its failure. In its short run, the program featured episodes adapted from stories by (and in some cases written by) authors including Robert A. Heinlein, Ray Bradbury, Theodore Sturgeon, John D. McDonald, Murray Leinster, Frank Belknap Long and Milton Lesser. After its initial cancellation, there was at least one report that the network planned on reviving it, but this did not happen.

The Arkham Sampler

The Arkham Sampler was an American fantasy and horror fiction magazine first published in Winter 1948. The headquarters was in Sauk City, Wisconsin. The magazine, edited by August Derleth, was the first of two magazines published by Arkham House. It was published on a quarterly basis. The cover design was prepared by Ronald Clyne and was printed in alternating colors for the eight quarterly issues. Each issue had a print run of 1,200 copies with the exception of the Winter 1949 "All Science-Fiction Issue", of which 2,000 copies were printed. The Autumn 1949 issue was the last edition of the magazine.The Arkham Sampler published fiction, poetry, reviews, letters, articles and bibliographic data. The magazine published the first appearances of work by H. P. Lovecraft, Ray Bradbury, Robert E. Howard, Theodore Sturgeon, A. E. van Vogt, Robert Bloch and others. Other writers featured in the magazine include Anthony Boucher, Everett F. Bleiler, Martin Gardner, Carl Jacobi, David H. Keller, Fritz Leiber, Frank Belknap Long, E. Hoffmann Price, Vincent Starrett, Jules Verne and H. Russell Wakefield.

The Early Long

The Early Long is a collection of stories by Frank Belknap Long. Released in 1975, more than 50 years after the start of Long's career, it contains some of Long's best stories, together with an introduction which casts light on his early life and work. Many of the stories had appeared in Weird Tales and other pulp magazines and had helped establish Long's reputation as one of the classic writers of the horror and science fiction genres in the early twentieth century. The book was one of a series of retrospective collections of early stories with autobiographical commentary by major sf and fantasy writers that Doubleday published in the 1970s, beginning with The Early Asimov (1972) and continuing with The Early del Rey (1975), The Early Williamson (1975), The Early Pohl (1975), and The Early Long.

The book has essentially the same story contents as the Arkham House edition of The Hounds of Tindalos (book), save that it omits four stories: "Bridgehead"; "A Stitch in Time"; "Golden Child" and "The Black Druid". It is not merely an abrdiged edition, however, since it includes a long autobiographical introduction by Long, and extensive story notes by the author on all 17 stories which did not appear in the Arkham House volume.

In the introduction, Long discusses his indebtedness to greats such as H. G. Wells, Poe, Hawthorne, H.P. Lovecraft, Isaac Asimov, Ray Bradbury, Theodore Sturgeon and Robert Bloch. Long also wrote a brief intro to each of the stories.

A British edition was published by Robert Hale in 1976. An American paperback edition was published by Jove Books in 1978, under the title The Hounds of Tindalos. (The same title was used for Long's 1946 Arkham House collection; all of the stories in this volume also appeared in the earlier book.)

The Early Long was nominated for a World Fantasy Award for best collection in 1976.

The Goblin Tower

The Goblin Tower is a fantasy novel by American writer L. Sprague de Camp, the first book of both his Novarian series and the "Reluctant King" trilogy featuring King Jorian of Xylar. It is not to be confused with the collection of poetry by the same title by Frank Belknap Long. De Camp's novel was first published as a paperback by Pyramid Books in 1968. It was reprinted by Del Rey Books in December 1983, July 1987, and July 1989. It was later gathered together with its sequels The Clocks of Iraz (1971) and The Unbeheaded King (1983) into the omnibus collection The Reluctant King (Nelson Doubleday/SFBC, February 1985). The first independent hardbound edition was issued by HarperCollins in 1987. An E-book edition was published by Gollancz's SF Gateway imprint on September 29, 2011 as part of a general release of de Camp's works in electronic form. The novel has been translated into French, Italian and German.

The Hounds of Tindalos (book)

The Hounds of Tindalos is a collection of fantasy, horror and science fiction short stories by American writer Frank Belknap Long. It was released in 1946 and was the author's third book. It was published by Arkham House in an edition of 2,602 copies with cover art by Hannes Bok. A British hardcover was issued by Museum Press in 1950. Belmont Books reprinted The Hounds of Tindalos in two paperback volumes, The Hounds of Tindalos (1963) and The Dark Beasts (1964), omitting three stories; Panther Books issued a complete two-volume British paperback edition as The Hounds of Tindalos (1975) and The Black Druid (1975).The 1975 Doubleday collection The Early Long may be considered as crucially supplemental to the Arkham House volume, since while it comprises only seventeen of the twenty-one stories in the Arkham House book, it adds "an excellent introduction and head notes" written by Long. (The 1978 paperback edition of The Early Long was retitled The Hounds of Tindalos.)

The Rim of the Unknown

The Rim of the Unknown is a collection of 23 stories by American writer Frank Belknap Long. It was published by Arkham House in 1972 with cover art by Herb Arnold and was the author's second collection of stories published by Arkham House. It was published in an edition of 3,650 copies.

The collection focusses primarily on Long's science fiction work in short form. While there is one tale ("The Man with a Thousand Legs") which appeared in Weird Tales, the other stories are reprinted from such sources as Science Fiction Plus, Thrilling Wonder Stories, Startling Stories, Astounding Science Fiction, and Fantastic Universe.

The rear flap of the book credits Long with having written various other works including the fugitive The Mystery of the Golden Butterfly. The latter appears to have been an Ellery Queen novel which remained unpublished, although it is known that Long was the author of two other Queen novels - The Golden Eagle Mystery (1942) and The Green Turtle Mystery (1944).

The Street (short story)

"The Street" is a short story by American horror fiction writer H. P. Lovecraft, written in late 1919 and first published in the December 1920 issue of the Wolverine amateur journal.

Weird Tales (anthology series)

Weird Tales was a series of paperback anthologies, a revival of the classic fantasy and horror magazine of the same title, published by Zebra Books from 1980 to 1983 under the editorship of Lin Carter. It was issued more or less annually, though the first two volumes were issued simultaneously and there was a year’s gap between the third and fourth. It was preceded and succeeded by versions of the title in standard magazine form.

Each volume featured thirteen or fourteen novelettes, short stories and poems, including both new works by various fantasy authors and reprints from authors associated with the original Weird Tales, together with an editorial and introductory notes to the individual pieces by the editor. Authors whose works were featured included Robert Aickman, James Anderson, Robert H. Barlow, Robert Bloch, Hannes Bok, Ray Bradbury, Joseph Payne Brennan, Diane and John Brizzolara, Ramsey Campbell, Mary Elizabeth Counselman, August Derleth, Nictzin Dyalhis, Lloyd Arthur Eshbach, Robert E. Howard, Carl Jacobi, David H. Keller, Marc Laidlaw, Tanith Lee, Frank Belknap Long, Jr., H. P. Lovecraft, Robert A. W. Lowndes, Brian Lumley, Gary Myers, R. Faraday Nelson, Frank Owen, Gerald W. Page, Seabury Quinn, Anthony M. Rud, Charles Sheffield, Clark Ashton Smith, Stuart H. Stock, Steve Rasnic Tem, Evangeline Walton, Donald Wandrei, and Manly Wade Wellman, as well as Carter himself.

Carter habitually padded out the volumes he edited with a few his own works, whether written singly or in collaboration (the latter generally "posthumous collaborations" with Clark Ashton Smith in which he wrote stories on the basis of unused titles or story ideas from Smith’s notebooks).

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