Franciszek Ksawery Lampi

Franciszek Ksawery Lampi, also known as Franz Xaver Lampi (22 January 1782 – 22 July 1852),[1] was a Polish Romantic painter born in Austria of ethnic Italian background. He was associated with the aristocratic circle of the late Stanisław II Augustus, the last Polish king before the foreign partitions of Poland.[2] Lampi settled in Warsaw around 1815 at the age of 33, and established himself as the leading landscape and portrait artist in Congress Poland soon after Napoleon's defeat in Russia.

Franciszek Ksawery Lampi
Franciszek Ksawery Lampi - Portret mężczyzny
Study for a portrait
Born22 January 1782
Died22 July 1852 (aged 70)
EducationAcademy of Fine Arts Vienna
Known forPainting, art education
MovementRomanticism

Early life

Lampi was the son of renowned Italian historical painter Johann Baptist von Lampi the Elder from Romeno (b.1751) known as Jan Chrzciciel Lampi in Poland,[3] who was invited to Warsaw by King Stanisław II August in 1786 when Franz (Franciszek) was 4 years old (or between 1788 and 1791,[3] according to different source).

He was born in Klagenfurt, where his father worked on commissions for the Austrian court. He was the younger brother of Johann Baptist von Lampi (b.1775), also a portrait painter in the Lampi family; and was initially taught painting by his father,[1] before entering the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna in the studios of Hubert Maurer and Heinrich Füger.[4] When he was 15 years old, the Lampi family relocated to St. Petersburg in 1797 during the third and final partition of Poland, enticed by an extremely generous offer from the Tsar.[5] Estranged from his father, and disinherited, Franciszek Lampi left St. Petersburg at the age of 32 after the Napoleonic Wars, and settled in Warsaw a year later in 1815.[6][7] The already well-established reputation of his father in Poland as well as his own Polish childhood helped him blend into society.[4]

Later career

He exhibited at Warsaw Salons in 1828, 1838, 1841 and 1845; and opened a small private art school in 1841.[3]

Franciszek Lampi - Dama (extreme close-up)
Close-up of Viennese beauty by Lampi (see below)

Lampi painted mostly aristocratic portraits and specialized in the Romantic depictions of attractive women.[3] What's more, he produced fantastic landscapes and seascapes inspired by the new intellectual forces of the Age of Enlightenment and the philosophical evolution of Romanticism in Poland. His art style was similar to the work of Italian Salvator Rosa and Claude Joseph Vernet of France.[8] He gave art classes in his studio, but also traveled. In 1817–1819 he was teaching in Kraków. Among his most notable students were Wojciech Korneli Stattler and Piotr Michałowski.[6]

In 1823 he went to Lublin on commission, in 1830 to Vilna. After the November Uprising against the Russian Empire he spent a few years in Wrocław (Breslau) before returning to Warsaw in 1836.[3] In 1840 he visited Dresden, Berlin and Munich – known as Franz Xaver Ferdinand von Lampi in German.[7][9]

In 1850 Lampi returned to Warsaw where he died in 1852 at the age of 70,[9] said to have been a possible victim of the cholera outbreak.[7] His work can be found at the National Museum of Poland and its branches including Warsaw, Kraków, Poznań[10] as well as in the Mykolas Žilinskas Art Gallery (Kaunas, Lithuania).

Selected paintings

Lampi Romantic scenery

Romantic scenery, c.1820/30

Lampi Castaways at strands

Castaways at strands, 1840

Lampi Sunset

Mountain waterfall, ca.1830

Lampi Saving castaways

Rescuing castaways, 1850

Franciszek Lampi - Dama (Portrait of a Lady)

Portrait of a Lady[7]

Maria B M

Maria Borakowska

Portret Celiny z Sulistrowskich Radziwiłłowej by Franciszek Ksawery Lampi

Celina Radziwiłł

Lampi Magdalena Łuszczewska

Magdalena Łuszczewska

Franciszek Lampi - Dama 2 (Portrait of a Lady)

Portrait of a Lady

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b "Franz Xaver Lampi (22 January 1782; 22 July 1852)". Oxford Grove Art. The Concise Grove Dictionary of Art. Oxford University Press. 2002. Retrieved October 29, 2012. Part of the Lampi family.
  2. ^ "The National Museum in Warsaw". Museums. Culture.pl. Instytut Adama Mickiewicza. 2003. Retrieved October 29, 2012. See paragraph: King and eminent court personages by Baciarelli and Lampi.
  3. ^ a b c d e Ewa Micke-Broniarek, Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie (March 2005). "Franciszek Ksawery Lampi". Sztuki wizualne (in Polish). Instytut Adama Mickiewicza Culture.pl. Retrieved October 29, 2012. Note: to circumvent any forced redirect, copy-paste url into address box.
  4. ^ a b "Franciszek Ksawery Lampi (Klagenfurt 1782 - Warszawa 1852)". Bio with Index and Bibliography (in Polish). Pinakoteka Zascianek.pl. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  5. ^ Bryan, Michael (1889). Walter Armstrong and Robert Edmund Graves (ed.). Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, Biographical and Critical. Original from Fogg Library, Digitized May 18, 2007. London: George Bell and Sons. p. 8 (Volume II L-Z). Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  6. ^ a b "Franciszek Ksawery Lampi (1782 - 1852)". Informacje o twórcy. Dom Aukcyjny Agra-Art. October 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2012. Skłócony z ojcem, w 1814 wyjechał na Węgry, skąd ok. 1815 przybył do Polski i zamieszkał w Warszawie.
  7. ^ a b c d "Franz Xaver Ferdinand von Lampi (1782-1852)". Portrait of Viennese Beauty, oil on canvas, 1820s. Boris Wilnitsky Fine Arts. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
  8. ^ "Art Encyclopedia: Franz Xaver Lampi". Oxford Grove Art. Information from Answers.com. 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  9. ^ a b "Lampi family" (PDF). Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950 (Online-Edition) (in German). Austrian Academy of Sciences Press. 2011. p. 420. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  10. ^ Magdalena Skrzyńska. "Franciszek Ksawery Lampi". Selected works. Artyzm.com. Retrieved November 4, 2012.

External links

Media related to Franciszek Ksawery Lampi at Wikimedia Commons

Francis Xavier (name)

This is a list of persons named after Saint Francis Xavier. The list includes cognates of the name Francis Xavier in other languages, including:

Francesc Xavier – Catalan

Francesco Saverio – Italian

Francisco Javier – Spanish

Francisco Xavier – Portuguese

Franciszek Ksawery – Polish

François Xavier – French

František Xaver – Czech

Franz Xaver – German

Franciszek

Franciszek (Polish: [franˈt͡ɕiʂɛk]) is a masculine given name of Polish origin (female form Franciszka). It is a cognate of Francis, Francisco, François, and Franz. People with the name include:

Edward Pfeiffer (Franciszek Edward Pfeiffer) (1895–1964), Polish general officer; recipient of the Order of Virtuti Militari

Franciszek Alter (1889–1945), Polish general officer during WWII

Franciszek and Magdalena Banasiewicz (fl. mid-20th century), Polish couple who hid and rescued 15 Jews during the Holocaust

Franciszek Antoni Kwilecki (1725–1794), Polish nobleman, statesman, and ambassador

Franciszek Armiński (1789–1848), Polish astronomer

Franciszek Bieliński (1683–1766), Polish politician and statesman

Franciszek Blachnicki (1921–1987), Polish man who started The Light-Life Movement (Światło-Zycie) as a Catholic association

Franciszek Błażej (1907–1951), Polish military officer and anticommunist resistance fighter

Franciszek Bohomolec (1720–1784), Polish dramatist, linguist, and theatrical reformer

Franciszek Bronikowski (1906–1964), Polish Olympic rower

Franciszek Bukaty (1747–1797), Polish diplomat

Franciszek Cebulak (1906–1960), Polish Olympic football (soccer) player

Franciszek Chalupka (1856–1909), Polish theologian; founder of the first Polish-American parishes in New England

Franciszek Czapek (1811–unknown), Czech-Polish watchmaker

Franciszek Dionizy Kniaźnin (1750–1807), Polish poet of the Enlightenment period

Franciszek Dobrowolski (1830–1896), Polish theater director

Franciszek Ferdynant Lubomirski (1710–1774), Polish nobleman and Knight of the Order of the White Eagle

Franciszek Fiszer (1860–1937), Polish bon vivant, gourmand, erudite, and philosopher

Franciszek Gągor (1951-2010), Polish general officer, Chief of the General Staff of the Polish Army since 2006

Franciszek Gajowniczek (1901–1995), Polish army sergeant whose life was spared when Saint Maximilian Kolbe sacrificed his life for Gajowniczek at Auschwitz

Franciszek Gąsienica Groń (born 1931), Polish Olympic skier

Franciszek Gąsior (born 1947), Polish Olympic handball player

Franciszek Grocholski (1730–1792), Polish nobleman and politician

Franciszek Gruszka (1910–1940), Polish aviator who flew with the RAF during the Battle of Britain

Franciszek Hodur (1866–1953), Polish prelate of the Polish National Catholic Church

Franciszek Jamroż (contemporary), Polish politician, former Mayor of Gdańsk; imprisoned for corruption and bribery

Franciszek Jarecki (born 1931), Polish Air Force aviator who defected to the West with a MIG-15 in 1953

Franciszek Jerzy Jaskulski (1913–1947), Polish soldier and commander in the anticommunist Freedom and Independence organization

Franciszek Kamieński (1851–1912), Polish botanist

Franciszek Kamiński (1902–2000), Polish general and activist of the peasant movement

Franciszek Kareu (1731–1802), Belarusian Jesuit priest; Superior General of the Society of Jesus 1801–02

Franciszek Karpiński (1741–1825), Polish poet of the Age of Enlightenment

Franciszek Karwowski (1895–2005), Austria-Hungary World War I veteran

Franciszek Kasparek (1844–1903), Polish jurist, professor of law, and rector of Kraków University

Franciszek Kleeberg (1888–1941), Polish general officer in the Austro-Hungarian army and subsequently in the Polish Legions

Franciszek Kniaźnin (1750–1807), Polish dramatist and writer

Franciszek Kokot (born 1929), Polish nephrologist and endocrinologist

Franciszek Kostrzewski (1826–1911), Polish painter, illustrator, and caricaturist

Franciszek Krajowski (1861–1932), Czech-Polish military officer and general of the Polish Army

Franciszek Krupiński (1836–1898), Polish philosopher

Franciszek Ksawery Branicki (1730–1819), Polish nobleman, magnate, and a leader of the Targowica Confederation

Franciszek Ksawery Chomiński (died 1809), Polish politician, writer, and translator

Franciszek Ksawery Dmochowski (1762–1818), Polish Romantic novelist, poet, translator, and satirist

Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki (1778–1846), Polish politician and government minister in partitioned Poland

Franciszek Ksawery Godebski (1801–1869), Polish writer and publicist

Franciszek Ksawery Lampi (1782–1852), Polish painter of the Romantic era

Franciszek Ksawery Zachariasiewicz (1770–1845), Polish Roman Catholic prelate, professor, and historian

Franciszek Latinik (1864–1949), Polish general officer

Franciszek Leja (1885–1979), Polish mathematician

Franciszek Lessel (1780–1838), Polish composer

Franciszek Lilius (1600–1657), Polish composer

Franciszek Lubomirski (died 1721), Polish nobleman

Franciszek Macharski (born 1927), Polish Roman Catholic cardinal; Archbishop of Kraków 1978–2005

Franciszek Maksymilian Ossoliński (1676–1756), Polish nobleman, politician, collector, and patron of arts

Franciszek Malewski (1800–1870), Polish lawyer, archivist, and journalist

Franciszek Misztal (1901–1981), Polish aircraft designer

Franciszek Niepokólczycki (1900–1974), Polish military officer and anticommunist resistance fighter; imprisoned under Stalin

Franciszek Nowicki (1864–1935), Polish poet, mountaineer, and socialist activist

Franciszek Pieczka (born 1928), Polish film and stage actor

Franciszek Piper (born 1941), Polish scholar, historian and author; specializing in the Holocaust

Franciszek Pius Radziwiłł (1878–1944), Polish nobleman and political activist

Franciszek Pokorny (fl. mid-20th century), Polish military officer and cryptographer

Franciszek Przysiężniak (1909–1975), Polish military officer and anticommunist resistance fighter; recipient of the Virtuti Militari

Franciszek Rychnowski (1850–1929), Polish engineer and an inventor

Franciszek Salezy Dmochowski (1801–1871), Polish writer, poet, translator, critic, and journalist

Franciszek Salezy Jezierski (1740–1791), Polish priest, writer, and activist of the Enlightenment period

Franciszek Salezy Potocki (1700–1772), Polish-Lithuanian nobleman; Knight of the Order of the White Eagle

Franciszek Sebastian Lubomirski (diet 1699), Polish nobleman

Franciszek Siarczyński (1758–1829), Polish Roman Catholic Piarist priest, historian, geographer, teacher, and writer

Franciszek Smuda (born 1948), Polish professional football player, coach, and manager

Franciszek Smuglewicz (1745–1807), Polish-Lithuanian draftsman and painter

Franciszek Starowieyski (1930–2009), Polish artist

Franciszek Stefaniuk (born 1944), Polish politician from Chełm

Franciszek Sulik (1908–2000), Polish-Australian chess master

Franciszek Szymczyk (1892–1976), Polish Olympic track cyclist

Franciszek Trąbalski (1870–1964), Polish socialist politician

Franciszek Trześniewski (died 1939), Polish gourmand and chef; eponym of the Trześniewski restaurant in Vienna

Franciszek Walicki (born 1921), Polish jazz and rock musician

Franciszek Wielopolski (died 1732), Polish nobleman

Franciszek Wład (1888–1939), Polish general officer killed during the German invasion of Poland

Franciszek Zabłocki (1754–1821), Polish comic dramatist and satirist of the Enlightenment period

Franciszek Zachara (1898–1966), Polish-American pianist and composer

Franciszek Żmurko (1859–1910), Polish painter

Franciszek Żwirko (1895–1932), Polish sport and military aviator

Ksawery Lubomirski (Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski) (1747–1829), Polish nobleman and Russian general officer

Heinrich Füger

Heinrich Friedrich Füger (8 December 1751, in Heilbronn – 5 November 1818, in Vienna) was a German classicist portrait and historical painter.

Hubert Maurer

Hubert Maurer (10 June 1738 – 10 December 1818) was an Austrian painter, draughtsman, and teacher.

Maurer was born in the Lengsdorf quarter of Bonn. In 1762, he attended the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. From 1772 until about 1776, he was one of a first group of artists provided with a pension. He specialized in portraits and religious-themed works.

Starting in 1785 he taught at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts for 32 years, where some of his students included Moritz Michael Daffinger, Peter Fendi, Friedrich von Amerling. and Franciszek Ksawery Lampi, Moritz Michael Daffinger (from 1801 to 1805), Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller, Wilhelm August Rieder, Peter Fendi, Johann Baptist von Lampi the Younger, Friedrich von Amerling and Johann Michael Sattler. The classes consisted mainly of drawing lessons. He died in Vienna 1818. His birthplace Lengsdorf has a street named after him.

Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts

The Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow (Polish: Akademia Sztuk Pięknych im. Jana Matejki w Krakowie, usually abbreviated to ASP), is a public institution of higher learning located in downtown Kraków, Poland. It is the oldest Polish fine arts academy, established in 1818 and granted full autonomy in 1873.

ASP is a state-run university that offers 5- and 6-year Master's degree programs. As of 2007, the Academy's faculty comprised 94 professors and assistant professors as well as 147 Ph.D.s.

Johann Baptist von Lampi the Elder

Johann Baptist Lampi the Elder (German: Johann Baptist von Lampi der Ältere, Polish: Jan Chrzciciel Lampi; 31 December 1751 – 11 February 1830) was an Austrian-Italian historical and portrait painter. He settled in the Russian Empire after the third and final partition of Poland, enticed by an extremely generous offer from the Tsar.

Klagenfurt

Klagenfurt am Wörthersee (German pronunciation: [ˈklaːɡn̩ˌfʊʁt am ˈvœʁtɐˌzeː]; Slovene: Celovec ob Vrbskem jezeru, Italian: Clanforte, Friulian: Clanfurt) is the capital of the federal state of Carinthia in Austria. With a population of 100,772 (1 January 2019), it is the sixth-largest city in the country. The city is the bishop's seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Gurk-Klagenfurt and home to the University of Klagenfurt.

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