Francisco Javier Castaños Aragorri Urioste y Olavide, 1st Duke of Bailén (es: Francisco Javier Castaños Aragorri Urioste y Olavide, primer Duque de Bailén.; 22 April 1758 – 24 September 1852), was a Spanish general during the Peninsular War.
|The Most Excellent|
The Duke of Bailén
GE KOGF OCIII OIC OSH
An elderly Castaños, by Vicente Lopez
|President of the Council of Regency|
1 February 1810 – 29 May 1810
|President of the Estamento of Próceres|
Assumed office |
10 April 1834 – 12 July 1835
|Succeeded by||The Duke of Ahumada|
Francisco Javier Castaños y Urioste|
22 April 1758
22 April 1852 (aged 93)|
Castaños was born at Madrid.
Castaños is remembered for his victory over the French under Dupont, whom he surrounded and compelled to surrender at the decisive Battle of Bailen in 1808, being on that moment in command of the "Army of the South", the biggest Spanish military unit during the Napoleonic War; after this he served under Wellington in several engagements, and was commander of the Spanish army, if required, to invade France in 1815. Recent evidence suggests Castaños may have played a crucial role in the Allied army's success at the Battle of Albuera.
Castaños died at Madrid in 1852.