Francisco Dagohoy, (born Francisco Sendrijas in 1724) was a Boholano who holds the distinction of having initiated the longest revolt in Philippine history, the Dagohoy Rebellion. This rebellion against the Spanish colonial government took place on the island of Bohol from 1744 to 1828, roughly 85 years.
His revolt lasted for 85 years but he died in 1800 leaving him at 76 years old.
Francisco Dagohoy started the revolt at the age of 20.
The bust of Francisco Dagohoy at the Rizal Park in Manila
|Died||1800 (aged 75–76)|
Little is known of Francisco Dagohoy's lifestyle before the rebellion, or even his early life. The only information known is that his real name was Francisco Sendrijas and he was born in 1724, and that he was a native of Brgy Cambitoon, Inabanga, Bohol. He was also cabeza de barangay, or one of the barangay captains of the town.
His name derives from an amulet ("dagon" in Cebuano) he wore, which people believed gave him the charm of a gentle wind or "hoyohoy" (or huyuhoy) and the power to jump from hill to hill or across rivers. He was believed to have clear vision inside dark caves and be invisible whenever and wherever he wanted. The name Dagohoy is a concatenation of the Visayan phrase dagon sa huyuhoy or "talisman of the breeze" in English.
The Dagohoy Rebellion was one of two significant revolts that occurred in Bohol during the Spanish Era. The other was the Tamblot Uprising in 1621 led by Tamblot, a babaylan or native priest from Bohol which was basically a religious conflict.
Unlike the Tamblot revolt, the Dagohoy rebellion was not a religious conflict. Rather, it was like most of the early revolts which were ignited by forced labor (polo y servicios), bandala, excessive tax collection and payment of tributes. On top of these injustices of the Jesuit priests, what triggered Dagohoy most was the refusal of the Jesuit priest to give a Christian burial to his brother who died in a duel. This caused Dagohoy to call upon his fellow Boholanos to raise arms against the colonial government. The rebellion outlasted several Spanish governors-general and several missions.
In 1744, Gaspar Morales, the Jesuit curate of Inabanga, ordered Francisco's brother, Sagarino, who was a constable, to capture an apostate fugitive. Sagarino pursued the fugitive, but the latter resisted and killed him. Morales refused to give Sagarino a Christian burial because he had died in a duel, a practice banned by the Church.[a]
Infuriated, Francisco instigated the people to rise in arms. The signal of the uprising was the killing of Giuseppe Lamberti, Italian Jesuit curate of Jagna, on 24 January 1744. The rebellion rolled over the whole island like a typhoon; Morales was killed by Dagohoy afterward. Bishop of Cebu, Miguel Lino de Espeleta, who exercised ecclesiastical authority over Bohol, tried in vain to mollify the rebellious Boholanos.
Dagohoy defeated the Spanish forces sent against him. He established the First Bohol Republic, an independent government in the mountains of Bohol on 20 December 1745, and had 3,000 followers, which subsequently increased to 20,000. His followers remained unsubdued in their mountains stronghold and, even after Dagohoy's death, continued to defy Spanish power.
One reason for his success is his reliance on Collective farming Practices. After the death of Spanish Landlords, The Farmers wanted to begin farming again. Many Farmers wanted to institute Land Reform but the Revolutionary Cabinet decided that they should work in Umahang Communal or Communal Farms. Farmers would be the owners of the Farms they would work in & have a say in its affairs. More than 15 dozen farms were collectivized in Bohol. This helped the revolution to have the least amount of food shortages no matter the turbulent weather & made the Bohol of today an Agricultural Superpower.
A cave in Danao was the headquarters of Dagohoy. Many passages within Dagohoy's cave led underwater to dry land, and it is said that every time Spaniards searched the cave, Dagohoy could swim underwater through this passage to hide in the breathing space.
Twenty Spanish governors-general, from Gasper de la Torre (1739–45) to Juan Antonio Martínez (1822–25), tried to quell the rebellion and failed. In 1825, Mariano Ricafort Palacin (1825–30) became governor-general of the Philippines. Upon his order, alcalde-mayor Jose Lazaro Cairo, at the head of 2,200 Filipino-Spanish troops and several batteries, invaded Bohol on 7 May 1827. The Boholanos resisted fiercely. Cairo won several engagements but failed to crush the rebellion.
Francisco Dagohoy died in 1800 at Talibon, Bohol. He did not die because of his staunch opposition of the Spaniards, but rather, from old age and sickness.
Dagohoy is acknowledged in Philippine history as the initiator of the longest insurrection on record. His revolt lasted 85 years (1744–1828).
A historical marker on Dagohoy's grave in the mountains of Danao, Bohol has been placed in his honor. The Dagohoy Marker in Magtangtang, Danao,92 km (57 mi) from Tagbilaran was placed by the Philippine Historical Commission to honor the heroic deeds of Dagohoy. Magtangtang was Dagohoy's headquarters or hideout during the revolt. Hundreds of Dagohoy's followers preferred death inside the cave than surrender. Their skeletons still remain in the site.
The Dagohoy Memorial National High School in Dagohoy, Bohol is named in his honor.
Explorations by early navigators, descriptions of the islands and their peoples, their history and records of the catholic missions, as related in contemporaneous books and manuscripts, showing the political, economic, commercial and religious conditions of those islands from their earliest relations with European nations to the close of the nineteenth century.
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Amihan is a genderless deity that is depicted as a bird in the Philippine mythology. According to the Tagalog folklore, Amihan is the first creature to inhabit the universe, along with the gods called Bathala and Aman Sinaya. In the legend Amihan is described as a bird who saves the first human beings, Malakas and Maganda from a bamboo plant. Amihan is also a word used to describe monsoon weather which occurs early in the year in the Philippines.Amomongo
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The Anggitay is a creature with the upper body of a female human and the lower body and legs of a horse from waist down. They were the Philippine counterpart to the centauride, the female centaurs. They are also believed to be the female counterpart of the Tikbalang.
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Barang is a Cebuano term taken to mean all forms of malignant magic or sorcery.Berberoka
The people from Apayao, Abra and Ilocos Norte believe in and fear a swamp creature called Berberoka. It lures victims by sucking water in the pond enough for a number fish to come to the surface. When the potential victims get attracted to the school of fish, the Berberoka drowns them by hosing water and swallowing them afterwards. Despite all their powers, these water ogres have a morbid, ironic fear of crabs.
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The name Dagohoy may refer to:
Dagohoy, Bohol, a town in Bohol, Philippines
Dagohoy Rebellion, the longest revolt or rebellion in Philippine history (1744-1829)
Francisco Dagohoy, real name Francisco Sendrijas, the individual who led the Dagohoy RevoltDagohoy, Bohol
Dagohoy, officially the Municipality of Dagohoy, (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Dagohoy; Tagalog: Bayan ng Dagohoy), is a 5th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 19,158 people.The town is named after Francisco Dagohoy.
The town of Dagohoy, Bohol celebrates its fiesta on February 10, to honor the town patron Our Lady of Lourdes.Dagohoy rebellion
The famous Dagohoy rebellion, also known as Dagohoy revolution or Dagohoy revolt, is considered as the longest rebellion in Philippine history. Led by Francisco Dagohoy, also known as Francisco Sendrijas, this rebellion took place in the island of Bohol from 1744 to 1829, roughly 85 years.
It was one of two significant revolts that occurred in Bohol, Philippines during the Spanish Era. The other one was the Tamblot Uprising in 1621 led by Tamblot, a babaylan or native priest from Bohol which was basically a religious conflict.Danao, Bohol
Danao, officially the Municipality of Danao, (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Danao; Tagalog: Bayan ng Danao), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 17,890 people.The town of Danao, Bohol celebrates its fiesta on December 10, to honor the town patron the Holy Family.List of Boholanos
This is a list of Boholano by blood and affinity anywhere in the world.
Also named in the list are the late president of the Republic of the Philippines Carlos P. Garcia, Francisco Dagohoy and Datu Sikatuna who are Boholanos.Mayari
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The Santelmo (St. Elmo's Fire) is a creature of Philippine mythology. The term santelmo is the shortened form of the Tagalog words "Apoy ni San Elmo "-"St. Elmo's fire". Santelmo are two balls of fire that fight each other. They appear in places where accidents place or where big arguments on land boundaries happenSarimanok
The Sarimanok is a legendary bird of the Maranao people who originate from Mindanao, an island in the Philippines. It comes from the words "sari" and "manok." "Sari" means cloth or garment, which is generally of assorted colors. manok means "chicken".USS Castle Rock (AVP-35)
USS Castle Rock (AVP-35) was a United States Navy Barnegat-class small seaplane tender in commission from 1944 to 1946 which saw service in the late months of World War II. After the war, she was in commission in the United States Coast Guard as the Coast Guard cutter USCGC Castle Rock (WAVP-383), later WHEC-383, from 1948 to 1971, seeing service in the Vietnam War during her Coast Guard career. Transferred to South Vietnam in 1971, she served in the Republic of Vietnam Navy as the frigate RVNS Trần Bình Trọng (HQ-05) and fought in the Battle of the Paracel Islands in 1974. When South Vietnam collapsed at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, Trần Bình Trọng fled to the Philippines, where she served in the Philippine Navy from 1979 to 1985 as the frigate RPS (later BRP) Francisco Dagohoy (PF-10).Visayas
The Visayas ( vi-SY-əz), or the Visayan Islands (Visayan: Kabisay-an, locally [kabiˈsajʔan]; Tagalog: Kabisayaan [kabiˈsɐjaʔan]), is one of the three principal geographical divisions of the Philippines, along with Luzon and Mindanao. Located in the central part of the archipelago, it consists of several islands, primarily surrounding the Visayan Sea, although the Visayas are also considered the northeast extremity of the entire Sulu Sea. Its inhabitants are predominantly the Visayan peoples.
The major islands of the Visayas are Panay, Negros, Cebu, Bohol, Leyte and Samar. The region may also include the provinces of Palawan, Romblon, and Masbate whose populations identify as Visayan and whose languages are more closely related to other Visayan languages than to the major languages of Luzon.
There are three administrative regions in the Visayas: Western Visayas (pop. 7.1 million), Central Visayas (6.8 million) and Eastern Visayas (4.1 million). The Negros Island Region existed from 2015 to 2017, separating Negros Occidental and its capital Bacolod from Western Visayas and Negros Oriental from Central Visayas. The region has been dissolved since.