Francis E. Warren

Francis Emroy Warren (June 20, 1844 – November 24, 1929) was an American politician of the Republican Party best known for his years in the United States Senate representing Wyoming and being the first Governor of Wyoming. A soldier in the Union Army during the American Civil War, he was the last veteran of that conflict to serve in the U.S. Senate.[1]

Francis Emroy Warren
Francis E. Warren
United States Senator
from Wyoming
In office
November 24, 1890 – March 3, 1893
Preceded by(none)
Succeeded byClarence D. Clark
In office
March 4, 1895 – November 24, 1929
Preceded byJoseph M. Carey
Succeeded byPatrick J. Sullivan
1st Governor of Wyoming
In office
October 11, 1890 - November 24, 1890
Preceded byHimself
as Territorial Governor
Succeeded byAmos W. Barber
Personal details
BornJune 20, 1844
Hinsdale, Massachusetts, U.S.
DiedNovember 24, 1929 (aged 85)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Helen M. Smith (1871–1902; her death)
Clara LeNaron Morgan (m. June 28, 1911–?)
ProfessionPolitician, farmer
AwardsMedal of Honor
Military service
AllegianceUnited States United States of America
Union
Branch/serviceSeal of the United States Board of War and Ordnance.svg Union Army
Massachusetts Massachusetts Militia
RankConfederate States of America Corporal-Infantry.svg Corporal (U.S.)
Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg Captain (Massachusetts)
UnitMassachusetts 49th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Early life and military service

Warren was born on June 20, 1844 in Hinsdale, Berkshire County, Massachusetts and grew up attending common schools and his local Hinsdale Academy.

During the civil war, Warren served in the 49th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry as a noncommissioned officer. At the age of nineteen at the siege of Port Hudson, Warren received the Medal of Honor for battlefield gallantry. His entire platoon was destroyed by Confederate bombardment and Warren, taking a serious scalp wound, disabled the artillery. Warren later served as a captain in the Massachusetts Militia.

Personal life

Mrs Francis E. Warren
Mrs Francis E. Warren

Francis E. Warren married a woman from Massachusetts, although all of their married life until his first election to the United States Senate, in 1890, was spent in Wyoming. They had two children, a daughter, Helen Frances, and a son, Frederick Emory. Helen Warren was the wife of General John J. Pershing. Mrs. Warren was the president of church, literary and charitable societies of Cheyenne, vice-president of the Foundling Hospital, and Daughter of the American Revolution.[2]

Medal of Honor citation

US-MOH-1862

Rank and Organization: Corporal, Company C, 49th Massachusetts Infantry.

Place and Date: At Port Hudson, La., 27 May 1863.

Entered Service At: Hinsdale, Mass.

Birth: Hinsdale, Mass.

Date Of Issue: 30 September 1893.

Citation:

Volunteered in response to a call, and took part in the movement that was made upon the enemy's works under a heavy fire therefrom in advance of the general assault.[3][4]

Business and politics

Following the civil war, Warren engaged in farming and stock-raising in Massachusetts before moving to Wyoming (then part of the Territory of Dakota) in 1868. Settling in Cheyenne, Warren engaged in real estate, mercantile business, livestock raising and the establishment of Cheyenne's first lighting system, becoming quite wealthy.

Warren's political work included: member, Wyoming Territorial Senate (1873–1874, 1884–1885), serving as senate president; member, Cheyenne City Council (1873–1874); treasurer of Wyoming (1876, 1879, 1882, 1884); and Mayor of Cheyenne (1885).

In February 1885, Warren was appointed Governor of the Territory of Wyoming by President Chester A. Arthur, although he was removed by Democratic President Grover Cleveland in November 1886. He was reappointed by President Benjamin Harrison in April, 1889, and served until 1890, when he was elected first Governor of Wyoming (October 11, 1890 – November 24, 1890).

Senate years and death

In November 1890, Warren resigned as governor, having been elected to the United States Senate as a Republican, serving until March 4, 1893. He then resumed his former business pursuits before returning to the senate (March 4, 1895–November 24, 1929). During his long senate service, Mr. Warren was chairman of the several Senate Committees:

- Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation of Arid Lands
- Committee on Claims
- Committee on Irrigation
- Committee on Military Affairs
- Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds
- Committee on Agriculture and Forestry
- Committee on Appropriations
- Committee on Engrossed Bills

Senator Warren died on November 24, 1929 in Washington, D.C. His funeral service was held in the United States Senate chamber. At the time of his death, Warren had served longer than any other US Senator.

Legacy

F. E. Warren Air Force Base in Cheyenne, Wyoming is named after Warren. Additionally, Warren's daughter married then-Captain John J. Pershing in 1905. Several years later, President Theodore Roosevelt promoted Pershing from captain to brigadier general over 900 senior officers. Pershing's wife and three daughters were later killed during a fire at the Presidio in San Francisco. Warren was also the first senator to hire a female staffer and, as appropriations chairman during World War I, he was instrumental in funding the American efforts. Warren and his second wife, Clara LaBarron Morgan, bought the Nagle Warren Mansion in April, 1910, and their dining room hosted people such as Presidents Teddy Roosevelt and William Howard Taft.[5][6] This mansion is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[7][8]

See also

References

  1. ^ "United States Senate - Last Union Veteran". Retrieved 4 June 2013.
  2. ^ Hinman, Ida (1895). The Washington Sketch Book. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  3. ^ ""Civil War Medal of Honor citations" (S-Z): WARREN, FRANCIS E." AmericanCivilWar.com. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
  4. ^ "Medal of Honor website" (M-Z): WARREN, FRANCIS E." United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
  5. ^ "Nagle Warren Mansion Cheyenne, Wyoming". Historic Hotels. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  6. ^ "Nagle Warren Mansion Hotel". Wyoming Tourism. Archived from the original on November 4, 2010. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  7. ^ "Wyoming - Laramie County". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  8. ^ "Nagle-Warren Mansion: Cheyenne, Wyoming". Find The Data. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2012.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph M. Carey
Mayor of Cheyenne, Wyoming
1885
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Elliot S.N. Morgan
Governor of Wyoming Territory
1885–1886
Succeeded by
George W. Baxter
Preceded by
Thomas Moonlight
Governor of Wyoming Territory
1889–1890
Succeeded by
Himself
as state Governor
Preceded by
Himself
as Territorial Governor
Governor of Wyoming
October 11, 1890 - November 24, 1890
Succeeded by
Amos W. Barber
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
(none)
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Wyoming
November 18, 1890 – March 4, 1893
Succeeded by
Clarence D. Clark
Preceded by
Joseph M. Carey
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Wyoming
March 4, 1895 – November 24, 1929
Succeeded by
Patrick J. Sullivan
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Henry Cabot Lodge
Dean of the United States Senate
November 9, 1924 – November 24, 1929
Succeeded by
Furnifold M. Simmons
0-0-1-3

0-0-1-3 is an alcohol abuse prevention program developed in 2004 at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base based on research by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism regarding binge drinking in college students. This program was a command-led collaboration of unit leaders, base agencies, and base personnel, and utilized a three-tiered approach: 1. Identify and assist high risk drinkers, 2. Develop a base culture, as well as recreational options, supportive of safe, responsible behaviors, and 3. Partnering with the broader community to promote alcohol prevention.

13th Strategic Missile Division

The 13th Strategic Missile Division is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with Fifteenth Air Force, based at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming. It was inactivated on 2 July 1966.

Initially formed as an air defense organization in the Caribbean, the unit later commanded Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress groups of Eighth Air Force in England. Its units carried out strategic bombardment missions over Occupied Europe and Nazi Germany during World War II. During the Cold War, the unit was a command and control organization of Strategic Air Command, controlling early ICBM wings in the Midwest.

1890 Wyoming gubernatorial election

The Wyoming gubernatorial election of 1890 took place on September 11, 1890. The Republican incumbent of the Wyoming Territory Francis E. Warren chose to seek a reelection as the first governor of Wyoming. Republican Territorial Senator and territory governor of Wyoming Francis E. Warren defeated the Democratic candidate and former territory governor of Wyoming George W. Baxter with 55.38% of the vote.

Francis E. Warren would later resign from his position in order to run for the United States Senate seat for Wyoming as a Republican and was succeeded by American surgeon and politician Amos W. Barber.

319th Missile Squadron

The 319th Missile Squadron is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the 90th Operations Group at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming. The squadron is equipped with the LGM-30G Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile, with a mission of nuclear deterrence.

The squadron was first activated as the 319th Bombardment Squadron in 1942. It flew Consolidated B-24 Liberators in the Pacific during World War II, where it earned two Distinguished Unit Citations and a Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation for its actions in combat. After VJ Day, the squadron remained in the Philippines until January 1946, when it was inactivated.

The squadron was again activated in 1951 at Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington, a Boeing B-29 Superfortress unit. After moving to Forbes Air Force Base, Kansas, it served as a training unit for Strategic Air Command units and aircrews in the B-29. In 1953 it converted to the strategic reconnaissance mission, upgrading to the Boeing RB-47 Stratojet in 1954. After 1958 it trained reconnaissance crews with the B-47 and continued that mission until it was inactivated in 1960.

The squadron was activated again in 1963 as the 319th Strategic Missile Squadron, an LGM-30B Minuteman I squadron. In 1974 it modernized its missiles to the multi-warhead Minuteman III. Following the implementation of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, its missiles were limited to a single warhead.

321st Missile Squadron

The 321st Missile Squadron is a United States Air Force unit. It is assigned to the 90th Operations Group, stationed at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming. The squadron is equipped with the LGM-30G Minuteman III Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), with a mission of nuclear deterrence.

37th Helicopter Squadron

The 37th Helicopter Squadron is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the 582d Helicopter Group in support of the 90th Operations Group located at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming. The unit is tasked with flight operations in support of the operation and security of F.E. Warren's intercontinental ballistic missile complex as well as search and rescue missions. The unit operates the UH-1N Huey helicopter.

389th Strategic Missile Wing

The 389th Strategic Missile Wing is an inactive unit of the United States Air Force. Its last assignment was with the 13th Strategic Missile Division at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming, where it was inactivated on 25 March 1965.

The wing was first active during World War II as the 389th Bombardment Group, a Consolidated B-24 Liberator unit that served with VIII Bomber Command in England. The group was stationed at RAF Hethel in early 1943. It was one of three Eighth Air Force B-24 groups that took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the Ploiești Mission of 1 August 1943. For his actions during the Ploiești operation, Second Lieutenant Lloyd Herbert Hughes was awarded the Medal of Honor. The group continued in combat until the surrender of Germany in 1945, then returned to the United States where it was inactivated.

The 389th Strategic Missile Wing was activated in 1961, when it assumed the assets of the inactivating 706th Strategic Missile Wing. It operated Atlas missiles at Warren until they were phased out in 1965.

In early 1984, the group and wing were consolidated into a single unit, but have not been active since.

4th Air Division

The 4th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with Fifteenth Air Force, stationed at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming. It was inactivated on 23 August 1988.

As the 4th Bombardment Wing, the unit was one of the primary B-17 Flying Fortress heavy strategic bombardment wings of VIII Bomber Command (later Eighth Air Force in World War II.

During the Cold War, the 4th Air Division' was an intermediate command echelon of Strategic Air Command, controlling strategic bombardment and intercontinental strategic missile wings until inactivated in 1988.

90th Missile Wing

The 90th Missile Wing is a component of Twentieth Air Force, stationed at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base and equipped with LGM-30G Minuteman III Missiles. It has served at Warren as a component of Strategic Air Command, Air Combat Command, Air Force Space Command and Air Force Global Strike Command since 1963.

The wing was first organized at Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington as the 90th Bombardment Wing, a Boeing B-29 Superfortress unit. After moving to Forbes Air Force Base, Kansas, it served as a training unit for Strategic Air Command units and aircrews in the B-29. In 1953 it converted to the strategic reconnaissance mission, upgrading to the Boeing RB-47 Stratojet in 1954. After 1958 it trained reconnaissance crews with the B-47 and continued that mission until it was inactivated in 1960.

Balangiga bells

The Balangiga bells are three church bells that were taken by the United States Army from the Church of San Lorenzo de Martir in Balangiga, Eastern Samar, Philippines, as war trophies after reprisals following the Balangiga massacre in 1901 during the Philippine–American War. One church bell was in the possession of the 9th Infantry Regiment at Camp Red Cloud, their base in South Korea, while two others were on a former base of the 11th Infantry Regiment at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base in Cheyenne, Wyoming.People representing the Catholic Church in the Philippines, the Philippine government, and the residents of Balangiga had sought to recover the bells since the late 1950s, but their efforts were met with frustration for decades. Progress in negotiations was made in 2018, and the bells finally returned to the Philippines on 11 December 2018, after 117 years.

Clarence D. Clark

Clarence Don Clark (April 16, 1851 – November 18, 1930) was an American teacher, lawyer, and politician from New York. He participated in the constitutional convention for Wyoming's statehood and was that state's first congressman. He served as both a United States Representative and United States Senator.

Flat Creek Ranch

Flat Creek Ranch, formerly a working ranch in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, is a guest ranch. The original ranch was established by Cal Carrington between 1901 and 1918 at the base of Sheep Mountain, also known as the ″Sleeping Indian″. In 1923 a new owner, socialite and journalist Cissy Patterson, built the present structures. The transition from working ranch to vacation retreat foreshadowed a movement of the Jackson Hole economy away from traditional ranching to tourism, which is documented by the Flat Creek Ranch.Carrington had worked at the Bar B C Dude Ranch from 1912 on, and established Flat Creek as a dude ranch. Cissy Patterson appeared in Jackson Hole 1916 as "Countess Gizycka", on the rebound from a failed marriage to a Polish count. Carrington and Patterson toured Europe together in 1922. Through Patterson's influence with US Senator Francis E. Warren, Carrington obtained a homestead patent on the ranch and then sold it to Patterson for $5000. In 1923 she built seven cabins, a barn and a lodge on the property.Currently, the property is owned by journalists Joseph Albright and Marcia Kunstel. Albright, the former husband of Madeleine Albright, is the son of Cissy Patterson's niece Josephine Patterson Albright (daughter of Joseph Medill Patterson), who inherited the property at Patterson's death in 1948.

Fort D.A. Russell (Wyoming)

Fort D. A. Russell, also known as Fort Francis E. Warren, Francis E. Warren Air Force Base and Fort David A. Russell, was a post and base of operations for the United States Army, and later the Air Force, located in Cheyenne, Wyoming. The fort had been established in 1867 to protect workers for the Union Pacific Railroad. It was named in honor of David Allen Russell, a Civil War general killed at the Battle of Opequon. In 1930, the fort's name was changed to Fort Francis E. Warren. In 1949, it became Francis E. Warren Air Force Base.

Over the years, the base served as home for numerous influential American military leaders such as Carl Spaatz, Black Jack Pershing, Billy Mitchell, Walter Reed, and Mark Clark.

Francis E. Warren Air Force Base

Warren AFB (census designated place) or (air force base) redirects here. See Francis E. Warren at the link.

Francis E. Warren Air Force Base (ICAO: KFEW, FAA LID: FEW) is a United States Air Force (AFB) base located approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Cheyenne, Wyoming. It is one of three strategic-missile bases in the U.S. It was named in honor of Francis E. Warren in 1930. Warren AFB is home of the 90th Missile Wing (90 MW), assigned to the Twentieth Air Force, Air Force Global Strike Command. The 90 MW operates the LGM-30G Minuteman III ICBM. It is also the home of Twentieth Air Force, which commands all U.S. Air Force ICBMs.

Warren AFB is the oldest continuously active military installation within the Air Force, established in 1867 by the United States Army as Fort David Allen Russell. The facility came under United States Army Air Forces control on 1 June 1947, and United States Air Force (USAF) respectively on 18 September 1947 until now.

The 90th Missile Wing is commanded by Colonel Stacy J. Huser. Twentieth Air Force, co-located at Warren AFB, has been under the command of Major General Fred B. Stoss since January 2018. Warren AFB is a census-designated place and had a resident population of 3,072 at the 2010 census.

Joseph M. Carey

Joseph Maull Carey (January 19, 1845 – February 5, 1924) was an American lawyer, rancher, judge, and politician, who spent most of his political career in Wyoming before and after it achieved statehood.

List of Governors of Wyoming

This is a list of the governors of Wyoming, beginning with Territorial Governors. Wyoming Territory was organized in 1868, and the state was admitted to the union on July 10, 1890.

List of United States Senators from Wyoming

Wyoming was admitted to the Union on July 10, 1890, and elects United States Senators to Class 1 and Class 2. Its current U.S. Senators are Republicans Mike Enzi (serving since 1997) and John Barrasso (serving since 2007). 21 people have served as a United States Senator from Wyoming.

Political party strength in Wyoming

The following tables indicate the historic party affiliation of elected officials in the U.S. state of Wyoming including: *Governors, Secretaries of State, State Auditors, State Treasurers and Superintendents of Public Instruction. The tables also indicate the historical party composition in the: State Senate, State House of Representatives, State delegation to the United States Senate and State delegation to the United States House of Representatives. For years in which a United States presidential election was held, the tables indicate which party's nominees received the State's electoral votes. Prior to statehood in 1889, there were fewer elected offices, as indicated.

The parties are labeled as follows: Democratic (D), Independent (I), unknown other party (O), Populist (P), Republican (R), and a tie or coalition within a group of elected officials.

Twentieth Air Force

The Twentieth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) (20th AF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC). It is headquartered at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming.

20 AF's primary mission is Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) operations. The Twentieth Air Force commander is also the Commander, Task Force 214 (TF 214), which provides alert ICBMs to the United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM).

Established on 4 April 1944 at Washington D.C, 20 AF was a United States Army Air Forces combat air force deployed to the Pacific Theater of World War II. Operating initially from bases in India and staging through bases in China, 20 AF conducted strategic bombardment of the Japanese Home Islands. It relocated to the Mariana Islands in late 1944, and continued the strategic bombardment campaign against Japan until the Japanese capitulation in August 1945. The 20 AF 509th Composite Group conducted the atomic attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, and remains as the only air force organization to have used a nuclear weapon in combat.

Inactivated on 1 March 1955, the command was reactivated 1 September 1991, as a component of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) and became operationally responsible for all land-based Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles.

Territorial (1869–90)
State (since 1890)
Class 1
Class 2
Military Affairs Committee
(1816–1947)
Naval Affairs Committee
(1816–1947)
Armed Services Committee
(1947–present)
Public Buildings
(1838–1857)
Public Buildings and Grounds
(1857–1947)
Public Works
(1947–1977)
Environment and Public Works
(1977–present)
Agriculture
(1829–1857; 1863–1881)
Agriculture and Forestry
(1884–1977)
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
(1977–)

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