Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific Limited (formerly Satellite Television Asian Region Limited and Fox International Channels Asia Pacific Limited) is a Hong Kong-based commercial broadcasting company which is a part of Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer & International's Fox Networks Group, operating multiple specialty television channels. It was previously traded as Star TV (stylised as STAR TV) until 2001, and simply as Star until 2009. Originally established by Hutchison Whampoa and later acquired by the original News Corporation, Star TV was once the prominent satellite television broadcaster in the entire Asia. On March 20, 2019 Following Disney's acquisition of 21st Century Fox's entertainment assets, FNG Asia and Star India, became a part of Disney and the FNG Asia Pacific was integrated into Disney’s Direct-to-Consumer and International unit.
|Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific Limited|
|Hutchvision Channel Services Limited (until 4 July 1991)|
Satellite Television Asian Region Limited (4 July 1991 – 2 September 2014)
Fox International Channels Asia Pacific Limited (2 September 2014 – 29 February 2016)
Star TV (former trade name)
Star (former trade name)
|Founded||August 27, 1993 as Star TV in Hong Kong|
|Headquarters||13/F One Harbourfront, 18 Tak Fung Street, Area of Hung Hom, Kowloon City District,|
|Products||Subscription-based television network|
|Owner||Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer & International|
|Parent||Fox Networks Group|
The company was originally registered to the Companies Registry of Hong Kong as Quford Limited on 31 August 1990. The company was renamed Hutchvision Channel Services Limited on 31 January 1991, before becoming Satellite Television Asian Region Limited (Chinese: 衛星電視有限公司; literally: 'Satellite Television Limited') on 4 July 1991. It was established by Hutchison Whampoa, and was headed by Richard Li (son of Li Ka-Shing, the founder of Cheung Kong which owns Hutchison Whampoa).
The company operated its television channels under the blanket brand of Star TV (Chinese: 衛星電視; pinyin: Wèixīng Diànshì; literally: 'Satellite Television'). In its initial years, the channels were broadcast over AsiaSat 1 communication satellite operated by Asia Satellite Telecommunications, which was a consortium of Hutchison Whampoa, China International Trust and Investment Corporation and Cable & Wireless Worldwide. As with the satellite's footprint, the channels reached from the Far East to the Middle East. Star TV's initial line-up of advertisement-supported five free-to-air channels included:
On 1 October 1992, Star TV added Zee TV (which targeted Hindi-speaking audiences) from Zee Telefilms in India to its line-up. Later, the company launched Star Movies, which aired a mix of Chinese language and Hollywood films.
In June 1993, Star TV and Wharf Cable signed a deal in which Hong Kong's new cable television provider would carry Star TV's channels. However, the deal was terminated in February 1994 in the carriage dispute between the two parties.
Star TV's viewership across Asia have increased over the years, and it attracted advertisers. But the business was making loss. The company has been looking for an Anglophone partner for financial investments, additional English language programming and technical assistance, especially to launch a pay-television system that would carry encrypted channels.
By late April 1993, Pearson approached Star TV's owners, and was expected to pay up to GBP 100 million. Pearson (which owned minor stake in British broadcasters BSkyB and Yorkshire-Tyne Tees Television at the time, and have just acquired Thames Television) has been looking to expand its media business outside the UK, especially because the British laws at that time did not allow Pearson to expand more on UK television business. Pearson was looking for the 66% of the company, but the deal was reported to have required the Hong Kong side to remain active shareholders, making the deal to be turned down.
The initial negotiations with Rupert Murdoch were reported to have foundered after the Australian businessman demanded a controlling stake in the Hong Kong company. But in July 1993, Murdoch's News Corporation have managed to purchase 63.6% of Star TV for US$525 million, half in cash, half in News Corporation's ordinary shares, blocking offers from Pearson. The deal came after News Corporation failed to acquire 22% of TVB because of regulatory issues. News Corporation acquired the remaining 36.4% for US$299 million in July 1995. Li family and Hutchison Whampoa would retain its shares in Hutchvision Hong Kong Limited, which uplinked Star TV's channels. With the amount of money made from the 1993 sale, Richard Li went on to establish his own venture, Pacific Century Group.
In August 1993, following News Corporation's takeover, Julian Mounter resigned as Chief Executive of the company. Sam Chisholm, who was the head of BSkyB at the time, became acting Chief Executive before he was formally appointed.
With the controversial removal of BBC World Service Television from the company's satellite television offerings for Northeast Asia in 1994 (discussed below), Star TV replaced the BBC channel with Chinese language film channel Star Chinese Movies, effectively splitting the original incarnation of Star Movies, which would focus on Western world films from then on.
Star TV and MTV ended partnership that supplied music programming, so Star TV launched Channel V to replace the American brand. The Indian version was launched in May 1994, and by December 1996, it was followed by three additional versions: Channel V International, Channel V Thailand, and another version in Mandarin Chinese.
On 30 March 1996 at 7 pm Hong Kong Time, Star TV split into Star Plus and Star Chinese Channel by certain areas:
On 6 May 1996, Star TV launched Viva Cinema, the 24-hour Filipino film channel, in partnership with Viva Entertainment. STAR later exited from the partnership and did not renew their contract, and the channel was relaunched as Pinoy Box Office on August 1, 2003.
In October 1996, Star Sports (since renamed from Prime Sports) and ESPN Asia have agreed to combine their loss making operations in Asia. The new joint venture, later named ESPN Star Sports, would be headquartered in Singapore (where ESPN's operations in Asia were based in).
On 18 February 1998, Star TV launched Star News, a news channel targeting India, in partnership with NDTV. It switched partner to ABP Group in 2003, before Star India completely gave up and sold their share in 2012.
In May 1999, Star TV migrated its services from AsiaSat 1 and 2 to AsiaSat 3S.
Later, Zee TV ended partnership with Star TV. The Hong Kong-based company converted Star Plus to a Hindi entertainment channel, and introduced Star World in the area as an English entertainment replacement.
In February 2001, The company rebranded from Star TV to Star, reflecting the company's evolution from a television brand to a multi-service, multi-platform brand. In Chinese, the company referred itself as Xīngkōng Chuánméi (Chinese: 星空傳媒; literally: 'Star Media') instead of Wèixīng Diànshì from then on.
On 19 August 2009, News Corporation announced a restructure of Star. Star India and Star Greater China would be separated from Star's headquarters in Hong Kong, and the heads of the former two companies would report directly to James Murdoch, News Corporation's then-Chairman and Chief Executive for Europe and Asia.
Despite the 2009 reorganisations, the company did not immediately change its legal name from Satellite Television Asian Region Limited. It only changed legal name to Fox International Channels Asia Pacific Limited (Chinese: 福斯國際電視網有限公司; literally: 'Fox International Television Network Limited') on 2 September 2014.
In August 2010, it was announced that News Corporation would sell a controlling stake in its assets in mainland China to China Media Capital (CMC). Xing Kong (both domestic and international versions) and Channel V Mainland China, plus Fortune Star film library were in the sale, and a joint venture named Star China Media was created in the process. CMC acquired the remaining stake in Star China Media in January 2014.
In June 2012, it was announced that News Corporation would buy ESPN International's share in the joint venture ESPN Star Sports. The versions of ESPN broadcast in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Southeast Asia were rebranded as Fox Sports on 28 January 2013, and Star Sports became Fox Sports 2 on 15 August 2014. The Fox Sports rebrand did not affect India and East Asia: In India, Star India took over ESPN Star Sports' Indian subsidiary, and kept the ESPN name until 6 November 2013, when all of Star India's sports channels were relaunched under the Star Sports brand; a version of Star Sports broadcast to mainland China and South Korea kept the brand, and instead, the version of ESPN for mainland China was renamed Star Sports 2 on 1 January 2014.
In the wake of 2011 News Corporation scandals, the original News Corporation was split into 21st Century Fox and the new News Corp on 28 June 2013, with the television businesses (which FIC Asia was a part of) going to 21st Century Fox.
In October 2013, 12.15% of share in Phoenix Television held by 21st Century Fox (through Star) was sold to TPG Capital for HK$1.66 billion (about US$213.73 million). This and 2014 sale of Star China Media marked 21st Century Fox's exit from Mandarin entertainment television market in mainland China.
By 2014, Fox International Channels Middle East took over the distribution of Star World, Star Movies, National Geographic-branded channels, Fox-branded channels, Channel V International, Baby TV and Sky News in the Middle East and North Africa from Star Select. (Now renamed Fox Networks Group Middle East, the Middle East business is, together with FNG Asia Pacific, still a part of the wider FNG Asia operations.)
In January 2016, the company's parent unit, Fox International Channels, was announced to be split into three divisions, which would see the heads of newly renamed Fox Networks Group Europe, Fox Networks Group Latin America and Fox Networks Group Asia all reporting to CEO Peter Rice and COO Randy Freer at Fox Networks Group in the United States, thus abolishing Fox International Channels as a separate unit from 21st Century Fox's television business in the U.S. Accordingly, the company changed legal name to Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific Limited (Chinese: 福斯傳媒有限公司; literally: 'Fox Media Limited') on 29 February 2016.
On 5 December 2017, Star India's Chairman and CEO Uday Shankar was appointed as 21st Century Fox's president for Asia, and the President of Fox Networks Group Asia would report directly to Shankar (instead of the equivalent at FNG U.S.).
With the acquisition of 21st Century Fox's entertainment assets by The Walt Disney Company, FNG Asia Pacific (including FNG Taiwan, and FNG's remaining businesses in mainland China), as well as Star India, became a part of Disney and FNG Asia Pacific were integrated into Disney’s Direct-to-Consumer and International unit.
Available on China, Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines, Middle East, India, and Indonesia.
Available on Taiwan (Main Version) and International Version (Available On Hong Kong, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Philippines, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, New Zealand, Vietnam, Middle East, USA and Canada).
Available on (Main Version) in Taiwan and Hong Kong and (International Version) on Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, Cambodia, Philippines, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, New Zealand, Middle East, USA and Canada)
Available on Asia Pacific and Middle East.
Available on Worldwide
Available on China and Middle East.
Available on Hong Kong, Asia Pacific (Except ASEAN), Middle East, Australia, and USA.
The BBC and Star TV originally signed a deal that the Hong Kong operator would carry the BBC channel for 10 years. But in March 1994, the BBC and Star TV reached a deal after an out of court settlement, that would gradually drop BBC World Service Television from the satellite broadcaster's offerings. BBC WSTV would be dropped from the channel line-up for the Northeast Asia by mid-April that year, but would be available in the rest of Asia until 31 March 1996. The deal came after such demands from the government of the People's Republic of China.
It is alleged that the PRC government was unhappy with BBC coverage of China, and Murdoch's September 1993 speech which declared "(telecommunications) have proved an unambiguous threat to totalitarian regimes everywhere ... satellite broadcasting makes it possible for information-hungry residents of many closed societies to bypass state-controlled television channels", so the Beijing government threatened to block Star TV in the huge mainland Chinese market if the BBC was not withdrawn. The former prime minister Li Peng requested and obtained the ban of satellite dishes throughout the country.
There was also a reported concerns surrounding editorial control of BBC WSTV after News Corporation's acquisition of Star TV
The subsequent removal of the BBC channel, and many ensuing declaration from Murdoch, led critics to believe the businessman was striving to appease the Chinese government in order to have the ban lifted. Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR) gave Rupert Murdoch a mock award titled "P.U.-litzer Prize" for "Media Hypocrite of the Year" in 1994.
Channel V (styled Channel [V]) is a Southeast Asian pay television network owned by Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific, a pay-TV channel unit of Fox Networks Group. It was launched by what was back then Star TV to replace MTV's original Asian operation.FX (Asian TV channel)
FX is an Asian pay-television entertainment channel, owned and operated by Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific, a subsidiary of Fox Networks Group.In India, the channel was replaced by an Indian localised feed in September 2012; however, some TV providers continue to distribute the Asian feed.Fox (Southeast Asian TV channel)
Fox is a Southeast Asian pay television channel, owned and operated by Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific, a subsidiary of Fox Networks Group.Fox Action Movies
Fox Action Movies is a Southeast Asian pay television channel centred towards broadcasting action-themed and horror-themed films. It is owned by Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific. The channel's feed in India was rebranded as Star Movies Action on 2 June 2013 while the Asian counterpart continued broadcasting.Fox Crime (Asian TV channel)
Fox Crime is an Asian entertainment TV channel, owned and produced by Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific, a subsidiary of Fox Networks Group. The channel focuses on crime and investigation series programs. In India, Fox Crime Asia feed was replaced with its Indian counterpart in September 2012. FOX Crime India was shut down in July 2015 due to low ratings.Fox Family Movies
Fox Family Movies is a Southeast Asian pay television channel owned by Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific, a subsidiary of Fox Networks Group. The channel is initially available in Singapore via StarHub TV and Indonesia via Indovision, but it has now expanded to Taiwan and Philippines and it currently broadcasts to the rest of Southeast Asia.Fox Filipino
Fox Filipino is a Philippine pay television channel focused on Philippine-produced programming from GMA Network, 5 (formerly TV5) and Sari-Sari Channel as well as Filipino movies from GMA Pictures, entries from the Cinemalaya Philippine Independent Film Festival, selected Asian and Hollywood movies, and selected foreign programming dubbed in Tagalog language.Fox Movies (Southeast Asia)
Fox Movies is an Southeast Asian movie channel owned by Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific, subsidiaries of Fox Networks Group.Fox Sports (Southeast Asian TV network)
Fox Sports (formerly ESPN Star Sports) is a Southeast Asian pay television network broadcasting on Hong Kong and Southeast Asia, currently operated by Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific, a subsidiary of Fox Networks Group. It also oversees Fox Sports operations in Taiwan, and a version of Star Sports available in Mainland China and South Korea. As ESPN Star Sports, it was also operated in South Asia, but Star India took over the Indian business in 2013.
Originally launched in early 1990s as Star Sports (earlier Prime Sports) and ESPN by Star TV and ESPN International respectively, both parties have agreed to combine their operations in Asia in October 1996. News Corporation took the full control of the venture in 2012, and relaunched the channels in two phases in January 2013 and August 2014, respectively.Fox Sports (Taiwanese TV network)
Fox Sports (Chinese: 福斯體育台; stylised as FOX體育台), formerly ESPN Star Sports, is a group of Taiwanese television sports channels operated by Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific. Fox Sports' coverage of sporting events is produced from its studios in Taipei, and the channels are transmitted within the Taiwan Area.Prime Network
The Prime Network (originally known as the Prime Sports Network, and also known as Prime Sports or simply Prime) is the collective name for a former group of regional sports networks in the United States that were owned by Liberty Media, operating from November 1988 to October 31, 1996. While Liberty owned many of these networks, some of Prime's member networks were owned by other companies, and carried programming distributed for the group through affiliation agreements. As a result, Prime-affiliated networks had the right of selecting Prime Network programs to broadcast.
Each of the networks primarily carried regional broadcasts of sporting events from various professional, collegiate and high school sports teams (with broadcasts typically exclusive to each individual network, although some were shown on multiple Prime networks within a particular team's designated market area), along with regional and national sports discussion, documentary and analysis programs.Star Chinese Channel
Star Chinese Channel (Chinese: 衛視中文台; pinyin: Wèishì Zhōngwén Tái) is a Taiwanese Mandarin general entertainment television channel operated by Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific. Its programming features drama, variety, lifestyle, and talk shows in Mandarin. Launched in 1991 by Star TV (now Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific), the channel originally targeted audiences in Greater China, before it reduced broadcasting area to Taiwan in 1996.Star Chinese Movies
Star Chinese Movies is a Singaporean Chinese language pay television channel owned by Star China Media and Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific, subsidiary of Fox Networks Group. It features Chinese films, featuring famous actors such as Jackie Chan, Chow Yun-fat, Michelle Yeoh, Andy Lau, Sammi Cheng, Stephen Chow and many more. Star Chinese Movies headquarters are located in Singapore.Star Movies
Star Movies is an Indian pay television network owned by Star TV. It was originally launched as a single channel broadcast across Asia, but it was regionalised into different localised channels since then. Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific have since rebranded some of the network's international feeds in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Southeast Asia as Fox Movies, but retains the Star Movies brand in Mainland China. Star India continues to operate the Indian feed of the network as a channel specialised in Western films, while the Middle Eastern feed, operated by Fox Networks Group Middle East, co-exists with Fox Movies.Star Sports (East Asian TV channel)
Star Sports is an East Asian pay television sports channel broadcast to Mainland China and South Korea, operated by Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific, a wholly subsidiary of Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer & International. It was perviously part of the Fox Sports operations in East and Southeast Asia (formerly ESPN Star Sports), but this version retained Star Sports name; ESPN Mainland China was instead renamed Star Sports 2.Star TV
Star TV may refer to:
E! (Canadian TV channel) (formerly Star!), a Canadian entertainment news channel
Las Estrellas (Spanish for The Stars), the Mexican television network
Estrella TV (Spanish for Star TV), the American Spanish-language network
Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific (formerly Star or Satellite Television Asian Region Limited), an operator of specialty television channels that was based in Hong Kong
Star China Media, a media group in Mainland China, no longer a part of Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific
Star India, previously a part of Star in Hong Kong, now owned by The Walt Disney Company
Star Select, a defunct television package that targeted the Middle East
Star TV (Asian TV networks)
The Movie Channel (formerly Star Channel), an American premium cable and satellite television network
Star Channel (Greece), a Greek television network
Star Channel (Japan), a Japanese group of premium television channels
Star Cinema, a Filipino film and television production company and distributor
Star Television Network, a short-lived American television network based in Orlando, Florida
Startv, a Canadian weekly entertainment television program
Star TV (Australia), a former television network in Queensland
Star TV (Swiss TV channel), an entertainment television channel in Switzerland
Star TV (Tanzania), a television station in Tanzania
Star TV (Turkey), a general entertainment channel in Turkey
Star TV (Ukrainian TV channel), an electronic and club music channel
Zvezda (TV channel) (Russian for Star), a military-themed Russian television channel owned by the Russian Ministry of DefenseTVN (Asian TV channel)
TVN (stylized as tvN; formerly known as Channel M) is a Southeast Asian pay television channel managed by CJ E&M. It broadcasts a variety of South Korean TV series from TV channels operated by CJ E&M (which includes the South Korean channel of the same name, as well as Mnet, OCN and others), with a number of original shows made for the Southeast Asian version. The channel is distributed by Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific, a subsidiary of Fox Networks Group, except the Philippines, where it is distributed by Creative Programs of ABS-CBN Corporation.TVN was closed down in Vietnam on 2 July 2018 (as tvBlue) due to the company's wrong development strategy and editorial teamThe Walt Disney Company Asia Pacific
The Walt Disney Company Asia Pacific is one of The Walt Disney Company's international divisions. Is headquartered in Hong Kong. On March 20, 2019 Following Disney's acquisiton of the most 21st Century Fox's entertainment assets, Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific and Star India, became a part of Disney and the FNG Asia Pacific was integrated with Disney operations in region.The company owns and operates the Asian versions of Disney Channel, Disney XD (known as Marvel HQ in India), Disney Junior, Fox and Fox Sports. The Walt Disney Company Asia Pacific also produces content as well with other media companies.星空
星空 may refer to:
Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific (formerly known as 星空傳媒 in Chinese), an operator of specialty television channels based in Hong Kong
Sky (Malaysian TV series), a Malaysian Mandarin drama series
Starry Starry Night (film), a 2011 Taiwanese-Chinese fantasy drama film
Xing Kong, a Mandarin language television channel targetting Mainland China
The Starry Night, a painting by the Dutch post-impressionist artist Vincent van Gogh
Tartaros Online, a South Korean online game
|Defunct or sold|
|Licensed Pay TV |
|Available via Pay TV |
|Other defunct channels|
Pay-TV channels and networks based in the Philippines
|Blue Ant Media|
|A&E Networks Philippines|
|Celestial Tiger Entertainment Philippines|
(Plus Media Networks)
|beIN Media Group|
(First United Broadcasting Corporation)