Fourth Deakin Ministry

The Fourth Deakin Ministry (Commonwealth Liberal) was the 8th ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 2nd Prime Minister, Alfred Deakin. The Fourth Deakin Ministry succeeded the First Fisher Ministry, which dissolved on 2 June 1909 after the Protectionist Party and the Anti-Socialist Party merged into the Commonwealth Liberal Party "fusion" and withdrew their support in order to form what became the first majority government in federal Australian history. The ministry was replaced by the Second Fisher Ministry on 29 April 1910 following the federal election that took place on 13 April which saw the Labour Party defeat the Commonwealth Liberals.[1]

Fourth Deakin Ministry
Flag of Australia.svg
8th Ministry of Australia
Joseph Cook and Alfred Deakin
Date formed2 June 1909
Date dissolved29 April 1910
People and organisations
MonarchEdward VII
Governor-GeneralLord Dudley
Prime MinisterAlfred Deakin
No. of ministers10
Member partyCommonwealth Liberal
Status in legislatureMajority government
Opposition partyLabour
Opposition leaderAndrew Fisher
History
Legislature term(s)3rd
PredecessorFirst Fisher Ministry
SuccessorSecond Fisher Ministry

Ministry

Minister Portrait Portfolio
  Hon Alfred Deakin MP Rt. Hon. A. Deakin LCCN2014695989
  Hon Paddy Glynn MP PaddyGlynn1900s
  Hon George Fuller MP GeorgeFuller1900s
  Hon Littleton Groom MP Littleton Groom
  Hon Senator Robert Best Robert Best
  Rt Hon Sir John Forrest GCMG MP JohnForrest1909
  Hon Joseph Cook MP Joseph Cook - Broothorn Studios
  Hon Sir John Quick MP John Quick
  Hon Senator Edward Millen Edward Millen
  Hon Justin Foxton MP Justin Foxton
  • Minister without Portfolio

Notes

  1. ^ "Ministries and Cabinets". Parliamentary Handbook. Parliament of Australia. Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
  2. ^ In this Ministry, the Prime Minister's formal portfolio title was Prime Minister (without portfolio). In all other ministries it has been simply Prime Minister. See Parliamentary Handbook of the Commonwealth of Australia: Historical information on the Australian Parliament - Ministries and Cabinets - 7. Deakin Ministry. Archived 2015-10-16 at the Wayback Machine
Alfred Deakin

Alfred Deakin (3 August 1856 – 7 October 1919) was an Australian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Australia, in office for three separate terms – 1903 to 1904, 1905 to 1908, and 1909 to 1910. Before entering office, he was a leader of the movement for Australian federation.Deakin was born in Melbourne, and attended the University of Melbourne before training as a barrister. He was elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly in 1879, aged 22, and became a government minister in 1883. Deakin was a major contributor to the establishment of liberal reforms in the colony, including pro-worker industrial reforms. He also played a major part in developing irrigation in Australia.

Throughout the 1890s Deakin was a participant in conferences of representatives of the Australian colonies that were established to draft a constitution for the proposed federation. He played an important role in ensuring that the draft was liberal and democratic and in achieving compromises to enable its eventual success. Between conferences, he worked to popularise the concept of federation and campaigned for its acceptance in colonial referenda. He then fought hard to ensure acceptance of the proposed constitution by the Government of the United Kingdom. After Federation, Deakin was Attorney-General in the Barton Government from 1901 to 1903. He was one of the chief architects of the White Australia policy, overseeing the drafting of the Immigration Restriction Act 1901.

As Prime Minister, Deakin completed a significant legislative program that makes him, with Labor's Andrew Fisher, the founder of an effective Commonwealth government. He expanded the High Court, provided major funding for the purchase of ships, leading to the establishment of the Royal Australian Navy as a significant force under the Fisher government, and established Australian control of Papua. Confronted by the rising Australian Labor Party in 1909, he merged his Protectionist Party with Joseph Cook's Anti-Socialist Party to create the Commonwealth Liberal Party (known commonly as the Fusion), the main ancestor of the modern Liberal Party of Australia. The Deakin-led Liberal Party government lost to Fisher Labor at the 1910 election, which saw the first time a federal political party had been elected with a majority in either house in Federal Parliament. Deakin resigned from Parliament prior to the 1913 election, with Joseph Cook winning the Liberal Party leadership ballot.

Deakin Ministry

Fraser Ministry may refer to:

First Deakin Ministry

Second Deakin Ministry

Third Deakin Ministry

Fourth Deakin Ministry

First Fisher Ministry

The First Fisher Ministry (Labour) was the 7th ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 5th Prime Minister, Andrew Fisher. The First Fisher Ministry succeeded the Third Deakin Ministry, which dissolved on 13 November 1908 after Labour withdrew their support and Alfred Deakin was forced to resign. The ministry was replaced by the Fourth Deakin Ministry on 2 June 1909 after the Protectionist Party and the Anti-Socialist Party merged into the Commonwealth Liberal Party "fusion" and withdrew their support in order to form what became the first majority government in federal Australian history.

List of Australian ministries

This is a list of ministries of the Government of Australia since Federation in 1901.

Prime Minister of Australia

The Prime Minister of Australia is the head of government of Australia. The individual who holds the office is the most senior Minister of State, the leader of the Federal Cabinet. The Prime Minister also has the responsibility of administering the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, and is the chair of the National Security Committee and the Council of Australian Governments. The office of Prime Minister is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia but exists through Westminster political convention. The individual who holds the office is commissioned by the Governor-General of Australia and at the Governor-General's pleasure subject to the Constitution of Australia and constitutional conventions.

Scott Morrison has held the office of Prime Minister since 24 August 2018. He received his commission after replacing Malcolm Turnbull as the leader of the Liberal Party, the largest party in the Coalition government, following the Liberal Party leadership spill earlier the same day.

Second Fisher Ministry

The Second Fisher Ministry (Labour) was the 9th ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 5th Prime Minister, Andrew Fisher. The Second Fisher Ministry succeeded the Fourth Deakin Ministry, which dissolved on 29 April 1910 following the federal election that took place on 13 April which saw Labour defeat the Alfred Deakin's Commonwealth Liberal Party. It is the first federal government in Australian history to be elected with a majority in the House of Representatives, as well as the first majority national Labour government in the world. The ministry was replaced by the Cook Ministry on 24 June 1913 following the federal election that took place in May which saw the Commonwealth Liberals defeat Labor (which had dropped the "u" in 1912).

20th century
21st century

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