Fortunato Abat

Fortunato Abat (June 10, 1925 – March 7, 2018) was a Filipino major general who served as the 20th Secretary of the Department of National Defense (DND), Ambassador to the People's Republic of China, and Commanding General of the Philippine Army.

Fortunato Abat
BornJune 10, 1925
San Juan, La Union, Philippine Islands
DiedMarch 7, 2018 (aged 92)
Allegiance Commonwealth of the Philippines (1944-46)
 Republic of the Philippines (1946–1981)
Service/branchPhilippine Commonwealth Army (1944-1946)
Philippine Army (1946–1981)
Armed Forces of the Philippines (1944–1981)
Years of service1944–1981
RankMajor General Major General
Commands held3rd Infantry Division
Battles/warsWorld War II
Philippines Campaign (1944–1945)
Hukbalahap Campaign
Korean War
AwardsDistinguished Conduct Star
Other workSecretary, Department of National Defense

Early years

Fortunato Abat was born on June 10 in San Juan, La Union. He studied in Singalong Elementary School in the city of Manila from 1932–39, then in Araullo High School,1939-41. His secondary education was abruptly halted by the Japanese invasion during World War II. As a young teenager, he entered the Philippine Army as an enlisted man on April 15, 1944 before the Allied Liberation of the Philippines. He continued his secondary education in La Union High School even after World War II and completed his education in the year 1947.[1][2]


Abat entered the Philippine Military Academy right after finishing his high school diploma, and graduated in the Class of '51, and was commissioned as 2nd Lieutenant in the Philippine Army. Along with 2nd Lieutenant Fidel V. Ramos, Abat joined the Philippine Expeditionary Forces to Korea (PEFTOK), where he served with distinction under the United Nations flag.[1]

Abat's colorful military career brought him to become the Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations & Training of the 1st Infantry (Tabak) Division. Later on he became the Senior Armed Forces Attache at the Philippine Embassy in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. He also was sent with the Philippine Delegation to the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th Meetings of SEATO Intelligence Assessment Committee in Bangkok, Thailand.[2]

He also distinguished himself as Commanding Officer of the 3rd Infantry Brigade (Separate), and later on as the Commanding General of the 3rd Infantry Division, and Central Mindanao Command (CENCOM).[2]

Maj. Gen. Abat finally served as Commanding General of the Philippine Army from March 28, 1976 to March 28, 1981.[1] Tragedy befell the family of Maj. Gen. Abat, when his son, 2Lt. Tito B. Abat, died during an encounter with the New People's Army in Eastern Samar, a year after graduating from the Philippine Military Academy.

Immediately after his retirement from active military service, he joined the Ministry of Human Settlements. A few months later, he was named Ambassador to the People’s Republic of China where he served from May 1981 until after EDSA Revolution on April 1986.[1]

Upon his return from his Ambassadorship in PROC, Abat was first appointed as the Administrator of the Philippine Veterans Affairs Office (PVAO), a DND agency. Later on, he was named Undersecretary of National Defense (USND) during the term of Defense Secretary Rafael Ileto. He also served as USND during the term of then Defense Secretary Fidel V. Ramos, but he left the Department and was designated Deputy Director General to Secretary Rafael Ileto who later headed the National Security Council (NSC).[1]

During the presidency of Fidel Ramos, Abat was the Chairman of the Peace Panel of the Philippine Government during the negotiations with the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), which led to signing of a peace treaty on July 18, 1997, ending the three decade old armed hostilities between the Republic of the Philippines and the MILF.[1] He also served as the 20th Secretary of the Department of National Defense from September 16, 1997 to June 30, 1998.[1]

During the height of the Impeachment trial of President Joseph Estrada, Abat along with his colleagues in the Association of General and Flag Officers (AGFO) called for the resignation of the President through a Manifesto.[3]

Abat finally was appointed as the President & CEO of the John Hay Poro Point Development Corp. by Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.[4]

Later life

Despite in retirement, Abat has continued to play a role in Philippine politics, without escaping controversy. Abat, who formed the National Coalition for Solidarity (NCS) and the Movement for National Salvation (MVS) called on for the resignation of Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.[5]

In December 2005, Abat was arrested after he called on the formation of a revolutionary government, of which he is the new President of the Philippines, and called on the resignation of Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in view of the latter's allegations of corruption.[6]

On August 15, 2006, Abat called for the abolishment of the Philippine Government and the Philippine Constitution, and the creation of a "Transition Government" of "Discipline and Authoritative Governance" where "All the three (3) branches of government are collectively responsible and accountable to the President that has oversight power over the discharge of their functions and responsibilities. Focus of governance. Governance is focused on the civil service and the military and police service."[7]

Awards and distinctions

Distinguished Conduct Star Ribbon Bar
PHL Distinguished Service Star BAR
PHL Presidential Award and Order of the Golden Heart until (2005) BAR
PHL Legion of Honor - Commander BAR
PHL Outstanding Achievement Medal
Phliber rib
Presidential Unit Citation (Philippines)
PHL Military Merit Medal
AFP Long Service Medal
PHL Korean Campaign Medal ribbon
Anti-dissidence Campaign Medal
The Luzon Anti-dissidence Campaign Medal
Mindanao Anti-dissidence Campaign Medal
Combat Commander's (Kagitingan) Badge
United Nations Service Medal Korea ribbon
KHM Royal Order of Monisaraphon - Commander
Cheon-Su Security Medal Ribbon
Presidential Unit Citation (Korea)
Order of the Crown of Thailand - 1st Class (Thailand) ribbon
US Legion of Merit Commander ribbon

See also

External links


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "20th DND Secretary". Department of National Defense. Archived from the original on December 9, 2010. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d "AGFO Abat Profile". Archived from the original on November 10, 2010. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
  3. ^ "Chronology of the Impeachment Trial of Joseph Estrada". Archived from the original on February 13, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
  4. ^ "Gloria's People". Archived from the original on September 25, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
  5. ^ "No Permit, No Rally". Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
  6. ^ Sarah Toms (December 15, 2005). "Philippines' Coup General held". BBC News. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
  7. ^ "E-mails from Maj. Gen. Fortunato Abat". Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
Military offices
Preceded by
Rafael Z. Zagala
Commanding General of the Philippine Army
March 28, 1976 – March 28, 1981
Succeeded by
Josephus G. Ramas
Political offices
Preceded by
Renato de Villa
Secretary of National Defense
September 16, 1997 - June 30, 1998
Succeeded by
Orly Mercado

1925 (MCMXXV)

was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1925th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 925th year of the 2nd millennium, the 25th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1920s decade.

1992 Philippine Senate election

The senatorial election was held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. This was the first general election (where all positions are contested) under the 1987 Philippine Constitution. An estimated 80,000 candidates ran for 17,000 posts from the presidency down to municipal councilors.

Under the transitory provisions of the Philippine constitution, 24 senators were elected in this election. The first 12 senators who garnered the highest votes would have a 6 six-year term while the next 12 senators would have a 3-year term. Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) got a large share in the Senate race. TV personality and Former Quezon City Vice Mayor Vicente Sotto III (also known as Tito Sotto) got the highest number of votes.

1992 Philippine general election

Presidential and vice presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. An estimated 80,000 candidates ran for 17,000 posts from the Presidency down to municipal councillors in the first general election under the 1987 Constitution. Even though she was permitted by the Constitution to run for a second term, President Corazon Aquino did not stand for re-election.

Retired general Fidel Ramos of Lakas-NUCD won a six-year term as President of the Philippines by a small margin, narrowly defeating populist candidate Miriam Defensor Santiago of the People's Reform Party. Ramos also got the lowest plurality in Philippine electoral history. Miriam Santiago led the canvassing of votes for the first five days, but was overtaken by Ramos afterwards. Santiago accused Ramos of fraud and filed an electoral protest citing power outages as evidence, but her protest was eventually dismissed.

The 1992 election was the second time both the President and Vice-President came from different parties. Film actor and Senator Joseph Estrada won a six-year term as Ramos' Vice-President by a landslide victory.

Under the transitory provisions of the Constitution, 24 senators were elected in the polls. The first twelve senators who garnered the highest votes would have a six-year term while the next twelve senators would have a three-year term. Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) got a large share in the Senate race. Television personality and Quezon City Vice-Mayor Vicente Sotto III got the highest number of votes.

2018 in the Philippines

2018 in the Philippines details events of note that happened in the Philippines in the year 2018.

3rd Infantry Division (Philippines)

The 3rd Infantry Division, is a unit of the Philippine Army, based at Camp Gen Macario Peralta Jr in Jamindan, Capiz, Philippines.

Deaths in March 2018

The following is a list of notable deaths in March 2018.

Entries for each day are listed alphabetically by surname. A typical entry lists information in the following sequence:

Name, age, country of citizenship at birth, subsequent country of citizenship (if applicable), reason for notability, cause of death (if known), and reference.

Delfin Castro

Delfin C. Castro is a retired Major General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. He was the commander of the AFP Southern Command (SOUTHCOM), from 1981 to 1986. Notable incidents during his tenure include the Pata Island massacre, the assassination of Zamboanga City Mayor Cesar Climaco, the rescue of kidnapped Bishop Federico O. Escaler from Muslim rebels and the strafing of the Japanese vessel Hegg by Philippine Air Force fighters off Mindanao.

Fidel Ramos

Fidel Valdez Ramos, (Spanish: [fiˈðel βalˈdes ra.mos]: born Fidel Ramos y Valdez; March 18, 1928), popularly known as FVR and Eddie, is a retired Filipino general and politician who served as the 12th President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1998. During his six years in office, Ramos was widely credited and admired by many for revitalizing and renewing international confidence in the Philippine economy. At age 91, he is currently the oldest living former Philippine President.

Prior to his election as president, Ramos served in the cabinet of President Corazón Aquino, first as chief-of-staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), and later as Secretary of National Defense from 1986 to 1991. He was the father of the Philippine Army's Special Forces and the Philippine National Police Special Action Force.

During the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution, Ramos was hailed as a hero by many Filipinos for his decision to break away from the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos and pledge allegiance and loyalty to the newly established government of President Aquino. Thirty years later, he however shifted to the side of Rodrigo Duterte, who he persuaded to run for president against Aquino's ally, Mar Roxas, and his nemesis, Miriam Defensor Santiago. Ramos also supported the Philippine Drug War

List of Cabinets of the Philippines

The following is a list of Cabinets of the Philippines by the President of the Philippines under which they operated.

List of Philippine Military Academy alumni

This is a partial list of notable Philippine Military Academy alumni.

Silvino Gallardo, 1913

*Paulino Santos, 1914 - AFP Chief of Staff (1936)

*Vicente Lim, 1914 (USMA '14) - CG, 41st Philippine Division

Ruperto Kangleon, 1914, PA - 6th Secretary of National Defense; Senator

*Eulogio Balao, 1931 - Senator; 10th Secretary of National Defense; AFP Vice Chief of Staff

*Pelagio A. Cruz, 1935 - AFP Chief of Staff

Emilio S. Liwanag, 1935, PN

Mamarinta B. Lao 1938-1978 USAFFE, OSACCA, President GHQ, AFP

*Ernesto S. Mata, 1937, PA - 15th Secretary of Defense; AFP Chief of Staff (1963-1964)

Alfredo E. Gallardo, 1937, PC

Francisco M. Adriano, 1937, PA

Jose Q. Arce, 1937

Benito N. Ebuen, 1937, PAF

Simplicio F. Rivera, 1937, PA

Napoleon N. Valeriano, 1937, PA

*Lucas V. Cauton, 1938, PC - 1PCZ Commander, Assemblyman and Congressman, 2nd District of Ilocos Sur (1969-1972)

*Mamarinta B. Lao AFP 1938-1978 USAFFE,OSACCA,GHQ President

*Pedro Baban, 1940 - 1st Igorot General

*Manuel Yan, 1941 longest continuous government service 1937-2001, Youngest AFP Chief of Staff at age 48 years old and cabinet member for nine years

Col. William Jayson Sta. Ana (Salutatorian, Class 1942) One of the 72 graduates of this class. Graduating ceremonies happened after 6 years, after WW2 ended.

Jesus M. Castro, 1942, PA - Col., Commandant of Cadets; Assistant Superintendent, PMA

*Rafael Ileto, 1943 - 17th Secretary of National Defense; AFP Vice Chief of Staff; Ambassador to Iran (1975-1979)

Fidel Ramos, 1951, (USMA '50) - President of the Philippines; 18th Secretary of National Defense; AFP Chief of Staff

*Fortunato Abat, 1951 - 20th Secretary of National Defense; Commanding General of the Philippine Army

*Orlando N. Villadelgado, 1953 - Captured Dr. Jesus Lava ( Hukbalahap Supremo)

Amante S. Bueno, 1954 - Armed Forces Attache to Bangkok, Thailand 1972-1979. Chief, Constabulary Highway Patrol Group

Jose T. Almonte, 1956 - National Security Advisor (Philippines); Vice Chief of Staff for Civil Relations

Artemio P. Mison, 1956

Renato De Villa, 1957 - PMA Commandant; AFP Chief of Staff; 19th Secretary of National Defense; Executive Secretary 2001 to 2005

Eduardo Ermita, 1957 - AFP Vice Chief of Staff; AFP Deputy Chief of Staff; 22nd Secretary of National Defense

*Pio H. Garrido, Jr., 1959 - Administrator for Maritime Industry Authority (MARINA); Phil Coast Guard Commandant

Marcelo Blando, 1960

Rodolfo Biazon, 1961 - Senator; AFP Chief of Staff; AFP Vice Chief of Staff; Commandant of the Philippine Marines; Superintendent, PMA; CG, NCRDC

JOVER'62,Hernani MATIONG 11/21/40 O-4587 PN

EVANGELISTA'62,Amaury ARROYO 03/04/37 O-4588 PAF

PEREZ'62,Pablo PAGTALUNAN 02/25/38 O-4589 PN

*PANAHON'62*Bayani MANGASER 07/24/40 * O-4590 PAF

*REOTUTAR'62*Wilfredo RABINO 10/12/40 *04/16/03 O-4591 PC

RIMANDO'62,Juanito RIMANDO 09/07/38 O-4592 PN(M)

*MENDOZA'62*Casiano BALUNSAT 03/04/41 *09/25/06 O-4593 PN

CRUZ'62,Ruben JACINTO 12/19/38 O-4594 PNP

*GALVEZ'62*Pablo VERZOSA 01/15/40 *09/19/14 O-4595 PA

*TIBURCIO'62*Milton FULINARA 06/30/39 *01/08/13 O-4596 PNP

ABADIA'62,Lisandro CAMPO 05/29/38 O-4597 PA

01- *AGUILAR*62*Jaime BARROGA 07/25/38 *11/04/62 O-4598 PC

KAGAOAN'62,Agerico NAVARRETE12/01/40 O-4599 PNP

*TOLENTINO'62*Eduardo LOBATON 04/26/38 *09/29/17 0-4600 PN

HINLO'62,MiguelDELOS REYES10/23/36 O-4601 PAF

'62, O-4602

'62, O-4603

'62, O-4604

'62, O-4605

'62, O-4606

'62, O-4607

'62, O-4608

'62, O-4609

*ENRILE'62*Arturo TIONGSON 06/20/40 *01/14/98 0-4610 PA CG,PA(1991-94)/CSAFP

'62, O-4611

'62, O-4612

*MANIAGO'62*Rafael MANARANG 11/07/36 *01/11/04 O-4657 PA

DAVID'62,Virgilio MANIAGO 12/05/35 *06/18/15 O-4658 PC/PNP

*SORIANO'62*Orlando DE VERA 01/25/40 *05/24/16 O-4659 PA CG, Phil Army

RAMON'62,James PANTIG 02/11/38 O-4660 PA(Field Artillery)

CARDONES'62,Rene 09/11/40 O-4661 PA

*DE CASTRO'62*Alberto 11/21/36 *03/12/17 O-4662 PC

CUSTODIO'62,Nicasio Ma SALES 10/11/39 O-4663 PC

Arnulfo G. Acedera, 1963, PAF - AFP Chief of Staff

Clemente P. Mariano, 1964, PA - AFP Chief of Staff; CG Philippine Army (1996-1997)

*Joseline Nazareno, 1966 - AFP Chief of Staff; Ambassador to Pakistan

*Angelo Reyes, 1966, PA - Secretary DOE, DENR, DILG, Ambassador at Large; Chief of Staff, AFP; CG Philippine Army; CG, Southcom; 23rd Secretary of National Defense

*Reynaldo Wycoco, 1968 - Director National Bureau of Investigation (2001-2005)

Voltaire Gazmin, 1968 - 35th Secretary of National Defense (appointed July 1, 2010); Philippines Ambassador to Cambodia (2002-2004); Commanding General of the Philippine Army; Commander of Presidential Security Group (1986-1992)

Diomedio Villanueva, 1968, PA - AFP Chief of Staff; CG Philippine Army (2000-2001)

Reynaldo I.Berroya, 1969, PNP CSG, LTO Chief, MRT General Manager

Benjamin Defensor, 1969, PAF - AFP Chief of Staff

Roy Cimatu, 1970 - AFP Chief of Staff

Hermogenes E. Ebdane, Jr., 1970 - PNP Chief, National Security Advisor, 30th Secretary of National Defense, Secretary of Public Works & Highways

Dionisio Santiago, 1970 - AFP Chief of Staff; CG Philippine Army

Gregorio Honasan, 1971 - Senator

Panfilo Lacson, 1971 - PDGen PNP, Senator

Edgar Aglipay, 1971 - NCRPO commander for two terms, PNP chief

Ariston Delos Reyes, 1971 - AFP Vice Chief of Staff; AFP Deputy Chief of Staff; Vice Commander, PN; Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans, J5, GHQ; Chief of Naval Staff, Headquarters, PN

Victor Batac, 1971 - PNP Director of Logistics

Efren Q. Fernandez, 1971 - Assistant Secretary for Human Resource (Department of National Defense); Executive Director, Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB); Deputy Director for Operations, Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA); Director, Directorate for Personnel and Records Management (PNP); Director, Narcotics Group (PNP); Director,Western Police District; Director, Criminal Investigation and Detection Group (PNP).

Efren Abu, 1972, PA - AFP Chief of Staff (2003-2004); CG Philippine Army

*Rodolfo Aguinaldo, 1972, PA - Congressman 6th District Cagayan, Governor Cagayan (see 1986–1990 Philippine coup attempts#March 1990 coup attempt)

Ernesto H. De Leon AFP - FOIC, PN; Philippine Ambassador to Australia

Generoso Senga, 1972, PA - AFP Chief of Staff; CG Philippine Army (2004-2005)

*Billy C. Bibit, 1972, Philippine Constabulary

Jaime de los Santos, 1973 PA - CG Philippine Army (2001-2002)

Hermogenes C. Esperon, Jr., 1974, AFP - Secretary, Presidential Management Staff; AFP Chief of Staff; CG Philippine Army (2005-2006)

Cardozo M. Luna, 1975 - Undersecretary of Department of National Defense; former Philippine Ambassador to the Netherlands; former Vice Chief of Staff and Lieutenant General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines

Noe Wong, 1975, PNP - Ambassador to Cambodia

Leopoldo N. Bataoil, 1976, PNP - Congressman Pangasinan 2nd district (since 2010)

Victor Ibrado, 1976, PA - AFP Chief of Staff, CG Philippine Army (2008-2009)

Rodrigo F. Maclang, 1976 - AFP Deputy Chief of Staff

Alexander B. Yano, 1976, PA - 38th AFP Chief of Staff; 49th CG Philippine Army (2007-2008)

Ricardo David, 1977, PA - AFP Chief of Staff

Nestor Ochoa, 1977, PA - Philippine Ambassador to Brunei (since 2011)

*Delfin Bangit, 1978, PA - AFP Chief of Staff

Arturo Ortiz, 1979, PA - Medal of Valor Awardee; 53rd CG Philippine Army (since 2010)

Ariel Q. Querubin, 1979, PMC - Medal of Valor Awardee; CG 1st Marine Brigade

Natalio C. Ecarma III, - 1981, Undersecretary of National Defense for Defense Operations. 1st Filipino Head of Mission and Force Commander of a United Nations Peacekeeping Force; Force Recon Marines

Custodio J. Parcon, Jr., 1987, PM - Medal of Valor recipient, Force Recon Marines

Christian A. S. Lagasca, 1987 - (U.S. Army Special Infantry)

Herbert Dilag, 1998 PA - Medal of Valor Awardee{{cite w

James Santos RAMON Jr 1997 C-97123 0-97123 Philippine Navy

Ma Victoria Asther Santos RAMON 2000 C-97789 O-97789 Philippine Army(QMG)

Laurenz R. Aglipay, 1997 - ( Army Special Infantry)

Rafael M. Ileto (USMA 1943) PA - VCSAFP, Ambassador to Iran, Secretary, Department of National Defense

Fidel V. Ramos (USMA 1950) PA PC CSAFP, SND, President of the Philippines

Florencio F. Magsino (USMA 1951) President, National Defense College of the Philippines

Gregprio R. Vigilar (USMA 1953) Secretary, Department of Public Works and Highways

*Teodorico P. Sanchez Sr. (USMA 1954) Administrator, National Electrification Administration

Jose B. Dado (USMA 1955) Army officer; educator; lawyer; security manager; business executive; General Manager, Philippine National Railways.

Narciso Abaya, PA (USMA 71)- AFP Chief of Staff; CG Philippine Army-->

Siegfred Mison, PA (USMA 87) - Lawyer, Commissioner Bureau of Immigration


Maradeka is an emerging pro-democracy Muslim political organization espousing non-violent political action in the Philippines amidst the backdrop of over four decades of armed Muslim insurgency mounted by Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) and Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) in their Moro Quest for self-rule after people dissenting Philippine government treatment of Muslim minority as second class citizens and suffering years of social, economic, and political inequities called Mindanao problemMaradeka is rooted from Malay word merdeka etymologically means freedom or liberation In reinvigorating the spirit and inherent values of freedom from Malay forebears, the word Maradeka was adopted as the name of the umbrella freedom alliance of 72 Bangsamoro civil society and political organizations, groups such as Task Force Mindanao, Alternative Muslim Mindanao Entrepreneurial Dev't, Inc (AMMENDI), Basilan Solidarity, Organization of Maguindanaon and Iranon, Bangsamoro Consultative Assembly, Bangsamoro Supreme Council of Ulama (BSCU), Maradeka Youth, Bangsa Iranun Muslim Advocates for Peace, Inc., Ittihadun As-Shabab Al-Muslimeen, Karitan Foundation Inc., Mindanao Peace Observers, Manila Peace Zone Community Association (MAPZCA), and Mindanao War Victims.

Maradeka, a Philippine civil society network and alliance of Moro organizations, pursues its social and political advocacy and development programs with its partners organizations and institutions. It build its organization's strength in grass-root community and citizens' action and consensus building through its regional people assemblies (RPA) held in various regions widely in Mindanao and Sulu, and growing in the Central Luzon and Calabarzon area. Maradeka as ideological organization takes its main form of action in articulating voices of marginalized Moro people, democratic dialogues, participatory community consultations (shura), social and political advocacy campaigns, and launches mass actions to demonstrate its protests, appeal, and demands on various legitimate issues to influence policies affecting the Muslim people.

Orlando S. Mercado

Orlando Sánchez Mercado (born Orlando Mercado y Sánchez; April 26, 1946), better known as Orly Mercado, is a Filipino politician and radio broadcaster. He was a senator of the Philippines for two terms (1987–1992 and 1992–1998) and the head and anchor of the popular radio program Radyo Patrol of ABS-CBN from 1969 to 1971 as well as the field reporter for pre-Martial Law days in The World Tonight. Upon Marcos' Proclamation No. 1081 in 1972, Orly was charged for subversion under Republic Act 1700 (Anti-Subversion Law) and was detained in Fort Bonifacio then his release after nine and a half months in detention, he returned to broadcasting and started teaching. Since 1975 Mercado has been the current producer and host of GMA Network's Kapwa Ko Mahal Ko (I Love My Fellowmen), the pioneer television program in public service in the Philippines. In 1998, he was appointed Secretary of National Defense by President Joseph Estrada. On January 19, 2001, the Chief of Staff and all of the commanding generals of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, together with the rest of the military establishment, withdrew their support for President Estrada who was then facing impeachment for plunder and corruption. Their appearance before a throng of protesters at the EDSA Shrine was the culmination of what was to be known as EDSA People Power II (Second EDSA Revolution), which ousted President Estrada from office. Mercado was reappointed Secretary of Defense by incoming President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo but resigned the post in protest of the designation of a former Chief of Staff as National Security Adviser who was also the subject of Mercado's anti-corruption campaign in the Department of National Defense.

In 2008 Gloria Macapagal Arroyo nominated Mercado as Philippine ambassador to the China (People's Republic of China), also accredited to North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea) and Mongolia, however his nomination was objected to by Senator Jinggoy Estrada (son of President Estrada), then a member of the Commission on Appointments. In 2009 he was appointed as the first permanent representative of the Philippines to ASEAN, a newly created ambassadorial post that then did not require Commission on Appointments approval.He is currently the Secretary-General of the Eastern Regional Organization for Public Administration (EROPA), an organization of states, groups and individuals in the general area of Asia and the Pacific. He has taught courses in Public Administration and Communication in the University of the Philippines where he obtained all his degrees: Bachelor of Arts in Political Science, Master of Arts in Communication, and Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science. He is also a faculty member at the Ateneo de Manila University School of Government. On June 17, 2013, he returned to radio broadcasting with his program "Orly Mercado: All Ready" on Radyo Singko 92.3 NewsFM.

His wife, Dr. Susan Pineda-Mercado, former Kapwa Ko Mahal Ko medical director and highest-ranking Filipina in the World Health Organization (WHO), was named Special Envoy for Global Health Initiatives by the government of the Philippines in 2018. She is the Philippine nominee for WHO Regional Director for the Western Pacific, a post which will be elected in the Sixty-ninth session of the Regional Committee for the Western Pacific, 8-12 October in Manila, Philippines.

People's Reform Party

The People's Reform Party (abbrev: PRP) (Filipino: Partido ng Repormang Pantao) is a centre-left political party in the Philippines. Founded on April 12, 1991 as the political party of former Agrarian Reform Secretary Miriam Defensor Santiago for her bid as President in the 1992 Presidential Elections. During the 1992 Elections, the party nominated Santiago as President and Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. as Vice President, however both Santiago and Magsaysay lost the elections to former Defense Secretary Fidel Ramos and tehen-Senator Joseph Estrada, respectively. While under the same Miriam Defensor Santiago wing, the Youth Reform Movement Philippines is not related to PRP.

Philippine Expeditionary Forces to Korea

The Philippine Expeditionary Forces to Korea (PEFTOK) (Filipino: Puwersang Expedisyonarya ng Pilipinas sa Korea or PEPK, Spanish: Fuerza Expedicionaria Filipina a Corea or FEFC) was the Philippine Army contingent of the United Nations forces that fought in the Korean War (1950–1953). The unit arrived in Korea in August 1950. It was composed of 1,468 troops, and was the fifth largest force under the United Nations Command. The PEFTOK took part in the Battle of Yultong and the Battle of Hill Eerie. The unit operated alongside the United States 1st Cavalry Division, 3rd Infantry Division, 25th Infantry Division, and 45th Infantry Division.

Presidency of Fidel Ramos

The Presidency of Fidel V. Ramos, also known as the Ramos Administration spanned for six years from June 30, 1992 to June 30, 1998. At the time of his assumption into power, Fidel Ramos was the third oldest person following Sergio Osmeña to become President of the Philippines at the age of 64 (Rodrigo Duterte surpassed this record upon being elected president at the age of 71 on May 9, 2016). He is also the first Protestant President of the country and the only Filipino officer in history to have held every one hundred rank in the Philippine military from Second Lieutenant to Commander-in-Chief. The first few years of his administration (1992–1995) were characterized by economic boom, technological development, political stability and efficient delivery of basic needs to the people. During his time, he advocated party platforms as outline and agenda for governance. As in his case, he was the first Christian Democrat to be elected in the country, being the founder of Lakas-CMD (Christian-Muslim Democrats Party). He was one of the most influential leaders and the unofficial spokesman of liberal democracy in Asia.

Renato de Villa

Renato "Rene" de Villa (born July 20, 1935) is a political figure in the Philippines and founder of the rightist political party Partido ng Demokratikong Reporma–Lapiang Manggagawa.

Royal Order of Monisaraphon

The Royal Order of Monisaraphon (Khmer: គ្រឿងឥស្សរិយយសមុនីសារាភ័ណ្ឌ) is a medal presented by the government of the Kingdom of Cambodia by Royal Decree of the King of Cambodia. It is conferred for services in the fields of literature and the fine arts, education, justice, administration, and science.

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