Formula E

Formula E is a class of motorsport that uses only electric-powered cars. The series was conceived in 2011, and the inaugural championship commenced in Beijing in September 2014.[1] The series is in its fifth season. It is sanctioned by the FIA. Alejandro Agag is the founder and current chairman of Formula E Holdings.[2]

Formula E
Formula E Logo
CategorySingle-seater
CountryInternational
Inaugural season2014–15
Drivers25 (2018-19)
Teams11 (2018-19)
ConstructorsSpark-Dallara
Tyre suppliersMichelin
Drivers' championFrance Jean-Éric Vergne
(Techeetah)
Teams' championGermany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler
Official websiteFIAFormulaE.com
Motorsport current event.svg Current season

History

The proposal for a city-based, single-seater electric car motor racing championship was conceived by Jean Todt, the president of the world governing body of motorsport, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), and presented to politicians Alejandro Agag and Antonio Tajani and the Italian actor Teo Teocoli at a dinner at a small Italian restaurant in the French capital Paris on 3 March 2011.[3][4][5] Tajani was concentrated on the electrification of the automobile industry, reducing carbon dioxide emissions and introducing hybrid and electric systems. Agag supported Todt's proposal after the latter discussed the FIA opening up a tender to organise the series. Agag told Todt that he would take on the task because of his prior experience in negotiating contracts with television stations, sponsorship and marketing.[6]

Regulations

Spark-Renault SRT 01 E (Formula E)
Spark-Renault SRT_01 E unveiled at Frankfurt Motor Show 2013 – used in FIA Formula E from 2014–2018.

Overview

The Formula E championship is currently contested by eleven teams with two drivers each.[7] The quickly growing sport features electric-powered race cars similar in style to the non-electric cars of Formula One. Racing takes place on temporary city-centre street circuits which are 1.9 to 3.4 km (1.2 to 2.1 mi) long.[8]

Race day format

All events begin with two practice sessions in the morning, an opening 45-minute session followed by a further 30-minute session. Drivers originally had two cars at their disposal[9] though this was eventually revised to just one vehicle after the introduction of the Gen2 car for the 2018–19 season, with 250 kW (335bhp) of power available throughout.[10]

The qualifying session takes place later in the day and lasts approximately one hour. The drivers are divided into four groups of five or six, with each group having six minutes to set their best lap. Full power of 250 kW is available throughout. Since the second season, the six fastest drivers then go out again, one-by-one, in the Super Pole shoot-out to determine the top six grid positions.[9]

The race itself is set to 45 minutes plus one lap. Until season four, drivers made one mandatory pit stop to change cars. The two pit crew helped the driver to change seat belts and, for safety reasons, there was a minimum required time for pit stops which differed from track to track (except for the last 10 races of season four).[11] Tyre changes, unless caused by a puncture or damage, were not permitted during the pit stop. It is normally unnecessary due to the tyres being all-weather tyre sets. In race mode the maximum power is restricted to 200 kW (268bhp). Points are awarded using the standard FIA system.[9]

Point scoring

Points are awarded to the top ten drivers using the standard FIA system (25-18-15-12-10-8-6-4-2-1). Three points are also awarded to the driver securing the pole position, while the driver setting the fastest lap (if they finish in the top ten) receives an additional point (two points during the first two seasons). The championship consists of both a drivers' and teams' championship. A driver's end of season total is made up of a driver's best results. A team's total is made up by counting both drivers' scores throughout the season.[9]

Fanboost

For each race, fans can vote for their favourite driver via various social media channels to give them an extra power boost. Voting starts six days before the event and closes after the opening 15 minutes of the race. The five winning Fanboost drivers each receive an extra power burst that can be used in a 5 second window during the second half of the race.[9]

Attack Mode

With the fifth season, a feature called "Attack Mode" was introduced in which drivers receive an additional 25 kW of power by driving through a designated area of the circuit off the racing line. The duration of the boost mode and the number of boosts available are decided only shortly in advance of each race by the FIA to stop teams from anticipating its use and incorporating it into race strategy.[12] All Attack Modes must be activated at the end of the race, but do not need to be used up (i.e. if a final Attack mode is activated in the penultimate lap, the driver is not penalized for having it still activated at the end of the race.)

Car

Spark-Renault SRT_01E

Felix Rosenqvist (Mahindra Racing) at 2017 Berlin ePrix
Felix Rosenqvist at the 2017 Berlin ePrix, showing the updated season 3 spec front wing.

For the first four seasons, an electric racing car built by Spark Racing Technology, called the Spark-Renault SRT 01E, was used. The chassis was designed by Dallara, a battery system created by Williams Advanced Engineering and a Hewland five-speed gearbox. Michelin was the official tyre supplier.[13][14][15] For the first season, 42 electric cars were ordered by the series, with four cars made available to each of the ten teams and two cars kept for testing purposes.[16]

This first Formula E car had a power of at least 250 horsepower (190 kW). The car was able to accelerate from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 3 seconds, with a maximum speed of 225 km/h (140 mph).[17] The generators used to re-charge the batteries are powered by glycerine, a by-product of bio-diesel production.[18]

In the first season, all teams used an electric motor developed by McLaren (the same as that used in its P1 supercar). But since the second season, powertrain manufacturers could build their own electric motor, inverter, gearbox and cooling system; the chassis and battery stayed the same. There were nine manufacturers creating powertrains for the 2016–17 season: ABT Schaeffler, Andretti Technologies, DS-Virgin, Jaguar, Mahindra, NextEV TCR, Penske, Renault, and Venturi.[19]

Spark SRT05e ("Gen2 car")

Main article: Spark SRT05e

5 Stoffel Vandoorne at Lung Wo Rd, Man Yiu St (20190310161031)
Stoffel Vandoorne driving a Gen2 Formula E car at the 2019 Hong Kong ePrix.

The 2018-19 season features the all-new second generation Formula E car, which boasts significant technological advances over the previous Spark-Renault SRT_01E chassis – its 54 kWh battery and power output rising from 200 kW to 250 kW and top speed rising to around 280 km/h (174 mph). The arrival of the Gen2 car also sees an end to the series’ mid-race car-swaps.[20] The new cars are equipped with Brembo braking systems, chosen by Spark Racing Technology as the sole supplier. [21][22] The new cars are also equipped with the Halo, a T-shaped safety cage designed to protect the driver’s head in crashes, and to protect them by deflecting flying objects.[23] Michelin remains as tyre manufacturer, supplying all-weather treaded tyres.[24]

Seasons

2014–15

Formula E - Berlin 2015 - Daniel Abt
Abt during the Formula E race in Berlin Tempelhof, 2015.

The calendar consisted of 11 races held in 10 different host cities: Beijing, Putrajaya, Punta del Este, Buenos Aires, Long Beach, Miami, Monte Carlo, Berlin, Moscow and finally London, where last two rounds of the championship took place.

The first Formula E race at the Beijing Olympic Green Circuit on 13 September 2014 was won by Lucas Di Grassi, after Nick Heidfeld and Nicolas Prost crashed out on the final corner. In the course of the season, there were 7 different race winners: Sébastien Buemi (three times), Sam Bird (twice), Nelson Piquet Jr. (twice), António Félix da Costa, Nicolas Prost, Jérôme d'Ambrosio and Lucas Di Grassi. The championship was decided with the last race in London, where Nelson Piquet Jr. became the first Formula E champion, only a single point ahead of Sébastien Buemi. Piquet, Buemi and Di Grassi all had a theoretical chance at winning the title in the final round. The team championship was decided on the second to last race, with e.dams Renault (232 points) winning ahead of Dragon Racing (171 points) who surpassed ABT in the final round of the championship.

2015–16

First lap of the 2015 Punta del Este ePrix

The second season of Formula E started in October 2015 and ended in early July 2016. The calendar consisted of 10 races in 9 different cities. For this season eight manufacturers were introduced, who were allowed to develop new powertrains. Sébastien Buemi won the championship with only 2 points more than Lucas di Grassi by claiming the fastest lap in the final race in London.

2016–17

The 2016–17 FIA Formula E season was the third season of the FIA Formula E championship. It started in October 2016 in Hong Kong and ended in July 2017 in Montreal. Lucas di Grassi won the championship in the last race of the season, 24 points ahead of Sébastien Buemi and 54 points ahead of third-placed rookie driver Felix Rosenqvist. The Renault e.Dams team successfully defended their team championship title.

2017–18

The 2017–18 FIA Formula E season was the fourth season of the FIA Formula E championship. It started in December 2017 in Hong Kong and ended in July 2018. Jean-Éric Vergne clinched the title with a race to spare in New York by finishing fifth while title rival Sam Bird failed to score enough points to keep the fight going into the final race of the season.[25]

After enduring a difficult first half of the season, Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler put together an incredible comeback in the second half of the season and stole the team's title away from Techeetah at the final race by two points.[26]

2018–19

Geneva International Motor Show 2018, Le Grand-Saconnex (1X7A1334)
A SRT05e at the Geneva motor show 2018 (in Nissan concept livery) that will be used from Formula E's 5th season) onward.

The Gen2 race car was introduced for season five with significantly improved power and range, thus eliminating the need to change cars and pit stops altogether except for damages. However, cars are still vulnerable to power exhaustions if red flags and safety cars lengthen races. Gen2 also saw the introduction of the halo driver protection system.[27] The car was unveiled in January 2018.[28]

BMW, Nissan and DS Automobiles joined Formula E as official manufacturers for the 2018-19 season.[29] The format of the races also changed from a set number of laps to 45 minutes plus one lap.[30]

The Hong Kong ePrix in 2019 was the 50th race of Formula E since its inception in 2014. Formula E raced in 20 cities, across five continents, seen 13 global manufactures commit to the series. It was the first ever qualifying sessions in the wet, but it was not the first fully wet race. The race set the record for the highest number of retired drivers (8).

The Paris ePrix in 2019 was Formula E's first ever wet race.

Four drivers have started every Formula E Race and they are Lucas di Grassi, Sam Bird, Daniel Abt and Jérôme d'Ambrosio.[31]

Future seasons

In July 2017 it was announced that Mercedes-Benz is to join the series starting from season six (2019–20) alongside Porsche, who announced their involvement in season six only a few days later.[32][33]

Support series

FE School Series

During the first season, the FE School Series for student teams that developed their own electric car took place as support races at selected events.[34] However, the series was not continued during the second season.[35]

Roborace

Roborace is developing the world's first autonomous and electrically powered racing car.[36] The company is planning to develop the first global championship for driverless cars.[37]

Jaguar I-Pace eTrophy

In September 2017, it was announced that Formula E and Jaguar would launch a production based support series with Jaguar's I-Pace battery electric SUV.[38] The series is called the I-Pace eTrophy and began together with Formula E's fifth season in December 2018.

Records

Records correct up to and including the 2019 Berlin ePrix.

Champions

Season Championship for Drivers Championship for Teams
Driver Team Car No. Chassis-Powertrain Team Chassis-Powertrain
2014–15 Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr. China NEXTEV Team China Racing 99 Spark-Renault SRT_01E France Renault e.dams Spark-Renault SRT_01E
2015–16 Switzerland Sébastien Buemi France Renault e.dams 9 Spark-Renault Z.E 15 France Renault e.dams Spark-Renault Z.E 15
2016–17 Brazil Lucas di Grassi Germany ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport 11 Spark-ABT Schaeffler FE02 France Renault e.dams Spark-Renault Z.E 16
2017–18 France Jean-Éric Vergne China Techeetah 25 Spark-Renault Z.E 17 Germany Audi Sport Abt Schaeffler Spark-Audi e-tron FE04

Wins by driver

Key

Driver is a series Champion
Bold Driver competed in the 2018–19 season
Wins Driver First win Last win
12 Switzerland Sébastien Buemi 2014 Punta del Este ePrix 2017 Berlin ePrix Race Two
10 Brazil Lucas di Grassi 2014 Beijing ePrix 2019 Berlin ePrix
8 United Kingdom Sam Bird 2014 Putrajaya ePrix 2019 Santiago ePrix
7 France Jean-Éric Vergne 2017 Montreal ePrix Race Two 2019 Monaco ePrix
3 France Nicolas Prost 2015 Miami ePrix 2016 London ePrix Race Two
3 Sweden Felix Rosenqvist 2017 Berlin ePrix Race One 2018 Marrakesh ePrix
3 Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio 2015 Berlin ePrix 2019 Marrakesh ePrix
2 Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr. 2015 Long Beach ePrix 2015 Moscow ePrix
2 Germany Daniel Abt 2018 Mexico City ePrix 2018 Berlin ePrix
2 Portugal António Félix da Costa 2015 Buenos Aires ePrix 2018 Ad Diriyah ePrix
1 Switzerland Edoardo Mortara 2019 Hong Kong ePrix 2019 Hong Kong ePrix
1 New Zealand Mitch Evans 2019 Rome ePrix 2019 Rome ePrix
1 Netherlands Robin Frijns 2019 Paris ePrix 2019 Paris ePrix

Wins by team

Key

Team is a series Champion
Bold Team competed in the 2018–19 season
Wins Team First win Last win
15 France Nissan e.dams 2014 Punta del Este ePrix 2017 Berlin ePrix Race Two
12 Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 2014 Beijing ePrix 2019 Berlin ePrix
9 United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 2014 Putrajaya ePrix 2019 Paris ePrix
7 China DS Techeetah 2017 Montreal ePrix Race Two 2019 Monaco ePrix
4 India Mahindra Racing 2017 Berlin ePrix Race One 2019 Marrakesh ePrix
2 United Kingdom NIO Formula E Team 2015 Long Beach ePrix 2015 Moscow ePrix
2 United States GEOX Dragon 2015 Berlin ePrix 2016 Mexico City ePrix
1 Japan Team Aguri 2015 Buenos Aires ePrix 2015 Buenos Aires ePrix
1 United States BMW i Andretti Motorsport 2018 Ad Diriyah ePrix 2018 Ad Diriyah ePrix
1 Monaco Venturi Formula E Team 2019 Hong Kong ePrix 2019 Hong Kong ePrix
1 United Kingdom Panasonic Jaguar Racing 2019 Rome ePrix 2019 Rome ePrix

Media

Formula E provides comprehensive live television coverage shown via major broadcasters around the globe (FOX Sports, BBC, CCTV-5, Eurosport, Canal+, J Sports, Ziggo Sport Totaal[39]).[40][41] Production is carried out by Aurora Media Worldwide.[42]

Presenting team

2018-19 appearances are to be confirmed as the season goes on, all announced dates are listed

Commentators Appearances Role
Jack Nicholls 2014- Lead commentator (practice, qualifying & race)
Dario Franchitti 2014- Co-commentator (practice, qualifying & race)
Bob Varsha 2016- Main presenter (shakedown & buildup and analysis of sessions)
Guest commentators Appearances Role
Mike Conway 2015 Monaco ePrix-Berlin ePrix, 2017 Monaco ePrix Co-commentator (covering for Franchitti)
Scott Speed 2016 Mexico ePrix
Bob Varsha 2016 Long Beach ePrix, 2017 Mexico ePrix Main commentator (covering for Nicholls)
Martin Haven 2016 Hong Kong ePrix-Marrakesh ePrix, 2017 Monaco ePrix, 2017 Berlin ePrix-New York ePrix
Mark Blundell 2017 Paris ePrix Co commentator (covering for Franchitti)
David Coulthard 2018 Berlin ePrix
Tom Blomqvist 2019 Berlin ePrix
Nick Heidfeld 2019 Berlin ePrix
Reporters Appearances Role
Nicki Shields 2014-2019 Paris ePrix Lead reporter (Left for maternity leave after 2019 Paris ePrix- has said she will return for season 6).
Vernon Kay 2018- reporter
Georgie Barrat 2019 Monaco ePrix- reporter

See also

References

  1. ^ Telegraph Sport (13 September 2014). "Formula E opens with spectacular crash involving Nick Heidfeld and Nicolas Prost as Lucas di Grassi claims win". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  2. ^ "Championship Overview". fiaformula.com. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  3. ^ Carp, Sam (2 February 2018). "Electrified: Alejandro Agag on Formula E's path to the podium". SportsPro. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  4. ^ Sam, Mallinson (13 April 2017). "From Dream to Reality: Formula E was born in Paris". FIA Formula E Championship. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  5. ^ Chowdhury, Saj (10 September 2014). "Formula E: Does it have a future in a world dominated by F1?". BBC Sport. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  6. ^ Kingham, Ben (13 May 2016). "On the subject of Power". Current E. pp. 40–59. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Teams and Drivers". Formula E. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  8. ^ "FIA Formula E Championship circuit maps". Formula-e.org. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Guide – Rules & Regulations". fiaformulae.com. Archived from the original on 7 June 2015. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
  10. ^ "Formula E presents Gen2 car for 2018/19 season". www.motorsport.com. Motorsport.com. 6 March 2018.
  11. ^ Rdmack2 (18 June 2015), Comparing Pitstops Across Motorsports, retrieved 10 June 2017
  12. ^ Herrero, Daniel (8 June 2018). "Formula E confirms details of unique boost mode". Speedcafe.com. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  13. ^ "Michelin confirmed as official tyre supplier for FIA Formula E Championship". Formula E Operations. FIA Formula E Championship. 28 March 2013. Archived from the original on 5 April 2013.
  14. ^ "Renault signs with Spark Racing Technology and Formula E Holdings as Technical Partner in the FIA Formula E Championship" (PDF). Formula E Operations. FIA Formula E Championship. 15 May 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2013.
  15. ^ "Williams partners with Spark Racing Technology to provide battery expertise for the FIA Formula E Championship". WilliamsF1.com. Williams F1. 11 June 2013. Archived from the original on 16 October 2014.
  16. ^ "Formula E buys 42 electric racers for 2014 circuit". green.Autoblog.com. 18 November 2012.
  17. ^ "Guide to – Car – Specifications". Archived from the original on 30 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  18. ^ "Formula E power generation". Archived from the original on 12 February 2015.
  19. ^ "FE–Ten teams entered for the third Formula E season". 1 July 2016.
  20. ^ "Formula E presents Gen2 car for 2018/19 season". www.motorsport.com. Motorsport.com. 6 March 2018.
  21. ^ "The New Tech Headache Formula E Teams Must Solve". InsideEvs. 21 October 2018.
  22. ^ "Next generation Formula E Car breaks cover in Geneva". FiaFormulaE. 6 March 2018.
  23. ^ Stewart, Jack (24 February 2018). "Formula 1's New 'Halos' Could Save Drivers' Heads—And Give Engineers Headaches". Retrieved 21 March 2019 – via www.wired.com.
  24. ^ Alex Kalinauckas. "Formula E unveils its Gen2 car for 2018/19 season". Autosport. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  25. ^ Grzelak, Antonia (14 July 2018). "Vergne crowned champion at Audi festival in New York". www.e-racing.net. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  26. ^ Grzelak, Antonia (15 July 2018). "Audi grabs the last title as Formula E's first chapter ends". www.e-racing.net. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  27. ^ Laurence Edmondson. "Formula E reveals next generation car with Halo". ESPN. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  28. ^ "Formula E unveils new 'Gen 2' car for Season 5". Crash. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  29. ^ "FIA confirms 11-team Formula E entry list for Season 5". crash.net. 28 August 2018.
  30. ^ Alex Kalinauckas. "Formula E's 'Mario Kart' plan formalised for 2018/19 season by FIA". Autosport. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  31. ^ "Stat Attack: 10 things you didn't know about the race in Hong Kong". Formula E. 7 March 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  32. ^ "Mercedes-Benz to enter Formula E in Season 6 – Formula E". fiaformulae.com. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  33. ^ "Porsche set to compete in Formula E from Season 6 – Formula E". fiaformulae.com. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  34. ^ "Formula E's School Series begins in Buenos Aires". fiaformulae.com. 19 December 2014.
  35. ^ "Exclusive: schools series axed". current-e.com. 5 October 2015.
  36. ^ "Formula E & Kinetik announce driverless support series". fiaformulae.com. 27 November 2015.
  37. ^ "Formula E is planning the first racing series for driverless cars". engadget.com. 28 November 2015.
  38. ^ "FFormula E and Jaguar to launch support series". fiaformulae.com. 12 September 2017.
  39. ^ FIA Formula E. "Television".
  40. ^ "Formula E goes free-to-air in China". Current E : Your guide to Formula E.
  41. ^ FIA Formula E. "CANAL to televise Formula E live for three seasons – Official FIA Formula E Championship".
  42. ^ "FIA Formula E Championship". fia.com.

External links

Awards
Preceded by
Nissan GT Academy
Autosport
Pioneering and Innovation Award

2014
Succeeded by
McLaren Applied Technologies
2018–19 Formula E season

The 2018–19 FIA Formula E season is the fifth season of the FIA Formula E championship, a motor racing championship for electrically-powered vehicles recognised by motorsport's governing body, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for electric open-wheel racing cars.

The 2018–19 season saw the introduction of the all-new Gen2, second generation Formula E car, which boasts significant technological advances over the previous Spark-Renault SRT_01E chassis – with its power output rising from 200 kW to 250 kW and top speeds rising to around 280 km/h (174 mph). The arrival of the Gen2 car also sees an end to the series’ mid-race car-swaps.Frenchman Jean-Éric Vergne enters as the defending Drivers’ Champion after securing his first title at the New York City ePrix, while Audi Sport Abt Schaeffler return as defending Teams’ Champions – having beaten Vergne's Techeetah team by a narrow two point margin.The 2019 Hong Kong ePrix was the 50th race of Formula E since its inception in 2014. Formula E has raced in 21 cities across five continents and has seen 13 global manufactures compete in the series. Four drivers have started every Formula E race; they are Lucas di Grassi, Sam Bird, Daniel Abt and Jérôme d'Ambrosio.The 2018–19 season is the first to have an official support category since Greenpower ran the Schools Series during Formula E's debut 2014-15 season. The Jaguar I-Pace eTrophy will feature at 10 of the 13 Rounds of this year's calendar.

Abt Sportsline

Abt Sportsline is a motor racing and auto tuning company based in Kempten im Allgäu, Germany. ABT mainly deals with Audi and the related primary Volkswagen Group brands—Volkswagen, Škoda, and SEAT—modifying them by using sports-type suspensions, engine power upgrades, lightweight wheels, aerodynamic components and more. It has been active in DTM for more than a decade. After the death of their father Johann in 2003, the company with 170 employees in their headquarters in Kempten was run by the brothers Hans-Jürgen Abt (born 1962, Managing Director) and Christian Abt. Since 2011, Hans-Jürgen Abt has run the company.

Starting in 2014, they run a team under the Audi Sport banner in the FIA Formula E Championship for drivers Lucas di Grassi and Daniel Abt. At the 2014 Beijing ePrix, di Grassi became the first driver to win an open-wheel motorsport race in an all-electric car. Ultimately, the team finished third in the first teams' championship.

Andretti Autosport

Andretti Autosport is an auto racing team that competes in the IndyCar Series, Indy Lights, the FIA Formula E Championship and the Americas Rallycross Championship. The team also has a 37.5% ownership stake in the Australian Supercars Championship touring car team, Walkinshaw Andretti United. It is headed and owned up by former CART series champion Michael Andretti.

Andretti Autosport has won the Indianapolis 500 five times (2005, 2007, 2014, 2016, 2017) and the IndyCar Series championship four times (2004, 2005, 2007, 2012). The team has won the Indy Lights championship in 2008, 2009 and 2018. Additionally the team has won the GRC Championship with Scott Speed in 2015, 2016 and 2017. During the team's early formative years as Team Green, they won both the Indianapolis 500 and CART Championship in 1995.

Circuit de Monaco

Circuit de Monaco is a street circuit laid out on the city streets of Monte Carlo and La Condamine around the harbour of the principality of Monaco. It is commonly referred to as "Monte Carlo" because it is largely inside the Monte Carlo neighbourhood of Monaco.

The circuit is annually used on two weekends in May for Formula One Monaco Grand Prix and Formula E Monaco ePrix (odd years) or Historic Grand Prix of Monaco (even years). Formula One's respective feeder series over the years – Formula 3000, GP2 Series and today the Formula Two championship – also visit the circuit concurrently with Formula One.

DAMS

DAMS (formerly Driot-Arnoux Motorsport, currently Driot Associés Motor Sport) is an auto racing team from France, involved in many areas of motorsport. DAMS was founded in 1988 by Jean-Paul Driot and former Formula One driver René Arnoux. It is headquartered near Le Mans, only 2 km from the Bugatti Circuit.

Notable DAMS drivers include Érik Comas, Allan McNish, Olivier Panis, Jean-Christophe Boullion, Sébastien Bourdais, Kazuki Nakajima, Romain Grosjean, Kevin Magnussen, Jolyon Palmer and Pierre Gasly.

Dragon Racing

Dragon Racing (formerly Luczo-Dragon Racing) is an American auto racing team that is involved in many areas of motorsport. Dragon Racing was founded in 2007 by Jay Penske and Stephen J. Luczo. The team competed in the IndyCar Series from 2007 until 2014, and in 2014 Dragon Racing became one of the founding FIA Formula E teams. Dragon Racing is headquartered in Los Angeles, California and has additional operations in Great Britain at the Donington Park racing circuit.

Notable Dragon Racing drivers include Jérôme d'Ambrosio, Sébastien Bourdais, Loïc Duval, Ryan Briscoe, Paul Tracy and Tomas Scheckter.

Dragon Racing is currently competing in the Formula E Championship. The Penske led team finished 2nd (runner-up) in the inaugural 2014-15 Formula E season with drivers Loïc Duval and Jérôme d'Ambrosio. Dragon Racing have won two races in Formula E. Jérôme d'Ambrosio took victory at the 2015 Berlin ePrix after Lucas di Grassi was disqualified with Loïc Duval finishing in third, and d'Ambrosio was again awarded the victory at the 2016 Mexico ePrix, again after di Grassi was disqualified after the race had finished.

Envision Virgin Racing

The Envision Virgin Racing Formula E Team is a British motor racing team based at Silverstone Park, UK and majority-owned by Envision Energy that competes in Formula E.The team signed drivers Jaime Alguersuari and Sam Bird for its inaugural season. Bird has competed for Virgin in all subsequent seasons, while the other car has been driven by a variety of different drivers over the years.

Virgin partnered with DS Automobiles from the 2015–16 season to the 2017–18 season, competing as DS Virgin Racing during that time. With DS moving its support to rival team Techeetah from the 2018–19 season onwards, Virgin chose to establish a long-term customer car deal with Audi Sport.

Jaguar Racing

Jaguar Racing is the name given to Jaguar's racing interests. It made its Formula E debut ahead of the 2016–17 Formula E season. It was previously a Formula One constructor that competed in the FIA Formula One World Championship from 2000 to 2004.

Jarno Trulli

Jarno Trulli (Italian pronunciation: [ˈjarno ˈtrulli]; born 13 July 1974) is an Italian professional automotive racing driver. He regularly competed in Formula One from 1997 to 2011, driving for Minardi, Prost, Jordan, Renault, Toyota, Lotus Racing and Team Lotus. His best result in the World Drivers' Championship was sixth place in 2004; this was also the year in which he scored the only win of his Formula One career at the 2004 Monaco Grand Prix.

Throughout his Formula One career, Trulli was renowned for his skill in qualifying, regularly achieving far better grid positions than rivals with superior cars to his own. He was also known for his defensive driving style which allowed him to successfully hold off quicker drivers, sometimes for an entire race. The combination of being able to achieve high grid positions in comparatively slow cars and his ability to hold off faster drivers would often result in a line of vehicles forming behind him during a race, which was commonly referred to as the 'Trulli Train' by commentators, fans and journalists.Trulli was slated to compete in the 2012 Formula One season, but retired before the season began. In 2014–15 he competed in the inaugural season of the FIA Formula E Championship, driving for Trulli GP, a team he founded himself.

Jean-Éric Vergne

Jean-Éric Vergne (born 25 April 1990) is a French racing driver who competes in the FIA Formula E Championship with the TECHEETAH Formula E team. He became the ABB Formula E World Champion after clinching fifth in the New York ePrix in 2018. He competed in Formula One for Scuderia Toro Rosso from 2012 to 2014, and was a Ferrari test and development driver from 2015 to 2016. He won the British Formula 3 Championship in 2010 and then finished runner up to teammate Robert Wickens in the 2011 Formula Renault 3.5 Series season.

Jérôme d'Ambrosio

Jérôme d'Ambrosio (born 27 December 1985) is a Belgian Formula E racing driver for the Indian team Mahindra Racing. He has previously drove for Marussia Virgin Racing during the 2011 Formula One World Championship. As a result of the one-race ban given to Romain Grosjean for actions at the start of the 2012 Belgian Grand Prix, d'Ambrosio replaced the Frenchman for the 2012 Italian Grand Prix. In 2016, he is competing in Formula E driving for Dragon Racing. D'Ambrosio achieved his first Formula E victory in 2015 at the 2015 Berlin ePrix, and a second at the 2016 Mexican ePrix, both as a result of Lucas di Grassi's disqualification.

Karun Chandhok

Karun Chandhok (born 19 January 1984) is an Indian racing driver and television presenter who last competed in Formula E for Mahindra Racing. Previously, Chandhok has competed for Hispania Racing in Formula One in 2010. Before this, he drove in the GP2 Series for three years, winning two races. In 2013, Chandhok competed in the FIA GT Series for Seyffarth Motorsport.

Prior to his time in GP2, Chandhok won the Formula Asia championship in 2001 and was the inaugural Formula Asia V6 by Renault champion in 2006. After leaving F1, he has worked as a commentator in the United Kingdom for BBC Radio 5 Live and Sky Sports F1 from 2013 to 2015 and joined Channel 4 in 2016 as Technical Analyst and Pitlane Reporter. On 13 December 2018, it was announced that Chandhok will be re-joining Sky Sports F1 for the 2019 season.

Motorsport

Motorsport or motor sport is a global term used to encompass the group of competitive sporting events which primarily involve the use of motorised vehicles, whether for racing or non-racing competition. The terminology can also be used to describe forms of competition of two-wheeled motorised vehicles under the banner of motorcycle racing, and includes off-road racing such as motocross.

Four- (or more) wheeled motorsport competition is globally governed by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA); and the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) governs two-wheeled competition. Likewise, the Union Internationale Motonautique (UIM) governs powerboat racing while the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) governs air sports; including airplane racing.

Nelson Piquet Jr.

Nelson Angelo Tamsma Piquet Souto Maior (born July 25, 1985), also known as Nelson Piquet Junior or Nelsinho Piquet, is a Brazilian stock car racing driver and former Formula One and Formula E driver where he was champion in the 2014–15 season, and also races a Rebellion R-One LMP1 in the FIA World Endurance Championship.

The son of three-time Formula One world champion Nelson Piquet, he was signed as test driver for Renault Formula One team for the 2007 season, and was promoted to the race team for 2008, before being dropped midway through the 2009 season. After losing his drive, it emerged that he had, under instruction from senior members of the team, crashed deliberately at the 2008 Singapore Grand Prix to help his teammate, Fernando Alonso, win the race. The resulting scandal became one of the most significant in motor sport history, and ultimately saw a permanent end to Piquet Junior's career in Formula 1.

Piquet also finished runner-up in the 2007 GP2 Series, fourth in the 2014 Global Rallycross Championship, and seventh in the 2012 NASCAR Truck Series.

Nick Heidfeld

Nick Lars Heidfeld (born 10 May 1977) is a German professional racing driver.

Despite scoring regular podium finishes in 2005 with Williams, and in 2007 and 2008 with BMW Sauber, Heidfeld never won a race after debuting in Formula One in 2000. Heidfeld currently holds three Formula One records; most podium finishes without a Grand Prix win (13), most second-place finishes without a win (8), and the most consecutive race classifications (41).

In 2011, Heidfeld raced in Formula One for the Renault team as a replacement for the injured Robert Kubica, his former BMW Sauber teammate, before being replaced by Bruno Senna. He currently drives for the Rebellion Racing team in the FIA World Endurance Championship and for Mahindra Racing Formula E Team in Formula E.

Pascal Wehrlein

Pascal Wehrlein (born 18 October 1994) is a German-Mauritian Formula E racing driver for the Indian team Mahindra Racing and development driver for Scuderia Ferrari who previously raced in Formula One for both the Sauber and the MRT teams. Holding dual nationality of Germany and Mauritius, he races under the German flag in Formula One. He had previously raced in the DTM, winning the title with the Mercedes-Benz team HWA AG in 2015. In 2014 Wehrlein became the youngest driver to win a DTM race at the age of 19 and the youngest to win the title in 2015 at the age of 20.

In February 2016 he began driving full-time for Manor, scoring his first championship point at the Austrian Grand Prix. During the season, he regularly out-qualified his lesser rated team mate Rio Haryanto, until Haryanto was replaced mid-season by Esteban Ocon.

Manor folded in early 2017 and Wehrlein moved to Sauber. However, before the season began, he was involved in an accident at the Race of Champions that left him unable to compete in the first two races of the season. Despite this, he scored Sauber's only points that year. He was replaced for the 2018 season by Charles Leclerc.

He currently races in Formula E with the Indian Mahindra team, alongside Jérôme d'Ambrosio.

Street circuit

A street circuit is a motorsport racing circuit composed of temporarily closed-off public roads of a city, town or village, used in motor races. Facilities such as the paddock, pit boxes, fences and grandstands are usually placed temporarily and removed soon after the race is over but in modern times the pits, race control and main grandstands are sometimes permanently constructed in the area. Since the track surface is originally planned for normal speeds, race drivers often find street circuits bumpy and lacking grip. Run-off areas may be non-existent, which makes driving mistakes more expensive than in purpose-built circuits with wider run-off areas.

Racing on a street circuit is also called "legal street racing".

Local governments sometimes support races held in street circuits to promote tourism.

Sébastien Buemi

Sébastien Olivier Buemi (born 31 October 1988) is a Swiss professional racing driver, who formerly competed for Scuderia Toro Rosso in Formula One. In F1, Buemi is currently a reserve driver for Scuderia Toro Rosso's sister team, Red Bull Racing.

Buemi has competed in the FIA World Endurance Championship with Toyota Gazoo Racing (formerly Toyota Racing) since 2012. He became the 2014 World Endurance Champion in the LMP1 class. He won the 2018 24 Hours of Le Mans; and leads the 2018-19 WEC Championship.

Buemi has raced FIA Formula E Championship with e.dams Renault since 2014. He won the Formula E Championship in 2015-16.

Takuma Sato

Takuma Sato (佐藤 琢磨, Satō Takuma, born 28 January 1977) is a Japanese professional racing driver. Sato has raced full-time in the IndyCar Series since 2010 for the KV, Rahal, Foyt, Andretti, and starting in 2018, once again, the Rahal teams. Sato won the 2013 Toyota Grand Prix of Long Beach, becoming the first Japanese driver to win an IndyCar race. He is also the first Asian driver to win the Indianapolis 500, having won the 2017 event. He competed in Formula One from 2002 to 2008 for the Jordan, BAR and Super Aguri teams, scoring a single podium at the 2004 United States Grand Prix.

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