Formentera

Formentera (Catalan pronunciation: [furmənˈteɾə], Spanish: [foɾmenˈteɾa]) is the smallest and more southerly island of the Pityusic Islands group (comprising Ibiza and Formentera, as well as various small islets), which belongs to the Balearic Islands autonomous community (Spain).

Formentera
Bandera de Formentera
Flag of Formentera
Formentera is located in Balearic Islands
Formentera
Formentera
Geography
LocationMediterranean Sea
ArchipelagoPityuses, Balearic Islands
Area83.24 km2 (32.14 sq mi)
Highest elevation119 m (390 ft)
Administration
Autonomous communityBalearic Islands
Largest settlementSant Francesc Xavier
Demographics
Population10,757 (1 January 2012)
Pop. density129.23 /km2 (334.7 /sq mi)
Additional information
Official languages:
Catalan, Spanish

Escudo de Formentera (Islas Baleares)
Formentera Insular Council Emblem

History

The island's name is usually said to derive from the Latin word frumentarium, meaning "granary". The island was occupied in prehistoric times, going back to 2,000-1,600 BC. Archaeological sites from that period remain in Ca na Costa,[1] Cap de Barbaria (multiple sites)[2] and Cova des Fum.[3] The island had been occupied by the Carthaginians before passing to the ancient Romans. In succeeding centuries, it passed to the Visigoths, the Byzantines, the Vandals, and the Arabs. In 1109 it was the target of a devastating attack by the Norwegian king Sigurd I at the head of the "Norwegian Crusade". The island was conquered by the Catalans, added to the Crown of Aragon and later became part of the medieval Kingdom of Majorca.

From 1403 to the early 18th century the threat of barbary pirate attacks rendered the island uninhabitable.[4][5]

The island (along with its surrounding islets) became a separate insular council (with the same territory as the municipality of the same name) after 1977. Before that, it was administered in the former insular council of Ibiza and Formentera (covering the whole group of the Pityusic Islands), but in a separate comarca (which already covered the current municipality of Formentera). This reform allowed Ibiza to unify its comarca (of five municipalities) with its new insular council (no longer administrating Formentera).

Geography

The main island of Formentera is 19 kilometres (12 mi) long and is located about 6 kilometres (4 mi) south of Ibiza in the Mediterranean Sea. More specifically Formentera is part of the delimitation of the Balearic Sea which is a northwestern element of the Mediterranean Sea.[6] Its major villages are Sant Francesc Xavier, Sant Ferran de ses Roques, El Pilar de la Mola and La Savina.

Véndes de Formentera
Map vendas in Formentera

Formentera comprises one municipality, also called Formentera, and has a population of 9,962 (as at 1 January 2010). Its land area is 83.24 square kilometres (32.1 sq mi). It is subdivided into several civil parishes (parròquies), themselves subdivided into vendas (véndes in Catalan).

North of Formentera is the island of Espalmador (Illa de s'Empalmador in Catalan), which is the second largest island of the municipality, and is itself surrounded by a few minor islets. Espalmador is a tombolo, separated from the main island of Formentera by a shallow sandbar, and during low tide, it is possible for one to wade between the two islands. This area is a popular stopping point for those in yachts heading between Ibiza and Formentera.

Climate

Climate data for Formentera 119m amsl
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 15
(59)
16
(61)
17
(63)
19
(66)
22
(72)
26
(79)
29
(84)
30
(86)
28
(82)
24
(75)
19
(66)
16
(61)
22
(71)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12
(54)
12
(54)
13
(55)
15
(59)
18
(64)
22
(72)
25
(77)
26
(79)
24
(75)
20
(68)
16
(61)
13
(55)
18
(64)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
9
(48)
11
(52)
14
(57)
17
(63)
21
(70)
21
(70)
19
(66)
16
(61)
12
(54)
9
(48)
14
(57)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 35
(1.4)
30
(1.2)
40
(1.6)
35
(1.4)
25
(1.0)
15
(0.6)
5
(0.2)
25
(1.0)
40
(1.6)
65
(2.6)
50
(2.0)
55
(2.2)
420
(16.8)
Average precipitation days 6 5 6 6 5 3 1 3 4 5 6 6 56
Source: Climates to travel[7]

Attractions

Since the 1960s, Formentera has been a popular destination for hippies.[8] Formentera is renowned across Europe for many pristine white beaches and the fact that nude sunbathing is allowed on most of its beaches.[9] The Canadian writer Patrick Roscoe was born on Formentera.[10] Meanwhile, Joni Mitchell wrote her 1971 album Blue on the island while Bob Dylan once lived in the Cap de Barbaria lighthouse on the island.[11] Author Matt Haig also writes about visiting the island often in his twenties in Reasons to Stay Alive.[11] The opening track of the King Crimson album Islands, "Formentera Lady", is named after the island.

Although paved roads allow access to all parts of the island and cars are easily hired in the port, many people choose to rent mopeds or even bicycles due to the flat nature of most of the island and the availability of dedicated cycle tracks in many locations.

The island also has four Martello towers.[12]

Transport

The island was formerly reachable only by boat from Ibiza, making it the quieter of the two islands, but in recent years regular passenger service from the Spanish mainland has increased tourism.

Ferry tickets from Ibiza are available in advance, as are transfers from Ibiza airport or port directly to accommodation in Formentera.

Ferries to Formentera operate from their own terminal in Ibiza port, with departures every half hour in high season on large (200+ passenger) fast catamarans. The journey takes approximately 30 minutes with 10 minutes each leaving Ibiza, crossing the sea, and arriving in Formentera past the isthmus to Espalmador.

Culture

A local Ibizan (eivissenc) variant of the Balearic dialect of the Catalan language is spoken in Formentera. While the official languages are Catalan and Spanish, other major languages like English, Italian, German, French and Dutch can also be heard extensively in the summer due to mass tourism.

Sports

From 1 September to 7 September, Formentera hosted the 2007 Techno 293 OD World Championships in windsurfing for juniors under 15 and youths under 17.[13]

Gallery

Sant Francesc Formentera

Church in Sant Francesc

Formentera sat

Satellite picture of Formentera

Formentera cliffs

The coastline near Cala Saona

S'espalmador

Island of Espalmador

Platja Trucadors

Trucadors Beach

References

  1. ^ Ca na Costa, L’Enciclopèdia d’Eivissa i Formentera, http://www.eeif.es/veus/Costa-ca-na/, accessed 16/04/2017.
  2. ^ Cap de Barbaria, L’Enciclopèdia d’Eivissa i Formentera, http://www.eeif.es/veus/Barbaria-cap-de/, accessed 16/04/2017.
  3. ^ Cova des Fum, L’Enciclopèdia d’Eivissa i Formentera, http://www.eeif.es/veus/Fum-cova-des/, accessed 16/04/2017.
  4. ^ Bryant, Sue (June 2007). Ibiza and Formentera. New Holland Publishers. ISBN 9781845378141.
  5. ^ Syed, Muzaffar Husain; Akhtar, Syed Saud; Usmani, B. D. (2011-09-14). Concise History of Islam. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9789382573470.
  6. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Balearic Sea. Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. P.Saundry & C.J.Cleveland. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
  7. ^ "Formentera Climate". Climates to travel. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  8. ^ Stewart, James (18 June 2010). "Formentera: where the party's still chilled". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  9. ^ Mischke, Roland; Schwarz, Berthold (2001). Ibiza, Formentera. Nelles Verlag. pp. 91–. ISBN 978-3-88618-768-3.
  10. ^ Burton, Peter (2003). Death Comes Easy: The Gay Times Book of Murder Stories. London, U.K.: Gay Men's Press. p. 458. ISBN 9781902852461. OCLC 58997265.
  11. ^ a b Haig, Matt (2015). Reasons to Stay Alive. London, U.K.: Cannongate Books. p. 231. ISBN 9781782116820. Bob Dylan spent some time living in the lighthouse at Cap de Barbaria, on the island's southern tip. Formentera was also where Joni Mitchell wrote the album Blue.
  12. ^ Clements, Bill; Clements, William H. (2011). Martello Towers Worldwide. Casemate Publishers. p. 56. ISBN 9781848845350. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
  13. ^ Techno 293 OD World Championships

External links

Coordinates: 38°42′N 1°27′E / 38.700°N 1.450°E

2007 Balearic regional election

The 2007 Balearic regional election was held on Sunday, 27 May 2007, to elect the 7th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands. All 59 seats in the Parliament were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

On 1 March 2007, the reform of the Statute of Autonomy of the Balearic Islands came into effect. Among other changes, it gave more autonomy to every Island Council, with the creation of the Island Council of Formentera—formerly the Island Council of Ibiza and Formentera covered both islands—, composed by the municipal councillors elected in the Formentera municipal election. This meant that to elect the island councillors a separate election was held for the first time. Since then, the regional election in every district was used to determine the councillors. The number of seats was the same as before—33 for Mallorca, 13 for Menorca and 13 for Ibiza. The voters had therefore an extra blue ballot to vote for each Island Council, different from the salmon ballot existing for the regional election.

2017–18 Copa del Rey

The 2017–18 Copa del Rey was the 116th staging of the Copa del Rey. The winners were assured a place for the 2018–19 UEFA Europa League group stage.

Barcelona were the three-time defending champions, and successfully defended their title following a 5–0 win over Sevilla in the final. Times up to 28 October 2017 and from 25 March 2018 are CEST (UTC+2). Times from 29 October 2017 to 24 March 2018 are CET (UTC+1).

Aydın Reis

Aydın Reis (died 1535) was an Ottoman admiral, known to the Spanish as "Cachidiablo" and to the Italians as "Cacciadiavolo."

Balearic Islands

The Balearic Islands (; Catalan: Illes Balears, pronounced [ˈiʎəz bələˈas]; Spanish: Islas Baleares, pronounced [ˈizlaz βaleˈaɾes]) are an archipelago of Spain in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula.

The four largest islands are Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, and Formentera. Many minor islands and islets are close to the larger islands, including Cabrera, Dragonera, and S'Espalmador. The islands have a Mediterranean climate, and the four major islands are all popular tourist destinations. Ibiza, in particular, is known as an international party destination, attracting many of the world's most popular DJs to its nightclubs. The islands' culture and cuisine are similar to those of the rest of Spain, but have their own distinctive features.

The archipelago forms an autonomous community and a province of Spain, with Palma de Mallorca as the capital. The 2007 Statute of Autonomy declares the Balearic Islands as one nationality of Spain. The co-official languages in the Balearic Islands are Catalan and Spanish.

Balearic Sea

The Balearic Sea (endotoponym: Mar Balear in Catalan and Spanish) is a body of water in the Mediterranean Sea near the Balearic Islands.

It is not to be confused with the Alboran Sea or the Iberian shelf waters. The Ebro River flows into this small sea.

Battle of Formentera

The Battle of Formentara occurred on 28 October 1529 when an Ottoman fleet under Aydın Reis routed a small Spanish fleet of eight galleys off the island of Formentera near Ibiza.Habsburg emperor Charles V had sent a small Spanish fleet of eight galleys under the Spanish commander of the Castilla fleet, Rodrigo Portuondo, to eliminate Barbary ships from Algiers under Caccia Diavolo which were raiding the coast of Valencia and ferrying Moriscos from Spain to Algeria.Portuondo was killed in the battle, seven of his eight galleys were captured, and his soldiers were taken as slaves to the recently conquered city of Algiers.

Divisiones Regionales de Fútbol in Balearic Islands

The Divisiones Regionales de Fútbol in the Balearic Islands, are organized by Balearic Football Federation :

Primera Regional Preferente de Mallorca (Level 5)

Regional Preferente de Menorca (Level 5)

Regional de Ibiza y Formentera (Level 5)

Primera Regional de las Islas Baleares (Level 6)

Segunda Regional de las Islas Baleares (Level 7)

Tercera Regional de las Islas Baleares (Level 8)

Eivissa-Formentera (Senate constituency)

Eivissa-Formentera is one of the 59 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Senate of Spain, the upper chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency elects four senators. Its boundaries correspond to those of the islands of Eivissa and Formentera. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Flaó

Flaó (plural flaons, pronounced [fləˈons]) is a type of pastry made in different locations of the Catalan-speaking regions of Spain, like Morella, Ibiza, Formentera, Menorca and Olot. Traditionally flaons were part of Easter family celebrations in Menorca, but now they are available all-year-round.

The flaons have different shapes, semicircular or circular, and fillings usually based on some type of cheese, varying according to the location. Sweet flaons are usually sweetened with sugar, but traditionally honey was used more often. Historically the first recorded mention of these cakes is from 1252 and they are mentioned as well in Ramon Llull's book Blanquerna, written in 1283. There is a similar pastry in Cyprus known as flaounes.

Formentera (Parliament of the Balearic Islands constituency)

Formentera is one of the four constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Parliament of the Balearic Islands, the regional legislature of the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands. The constituency currently elects one deputy using plurality voting. Its boundaries correspond to those of the island of Formentera.

Formentera (Vino de la Tierra)

Formentera is a Spanish geographical indication for Vino de la Tierra wines located in Formentera in the autonomous region of the Balearic Islands, Spain. Vino de la Tierra is one step below the mainstream Denominación de Origen indication on the Spanish wine quality ladder.

The area covered by this geographical indication comprises all the municipalities of the island of Formentera. There are currently around 10 hectares of vineyards and 2 wineries (bodegas) registered with the Regulatory Council (Consejo Regulador).

It acquired its Vino de la Tierra status in 2004.

Formentera del Segura

Formentera del Segura is a municipality and village in the province of Alicante and autonomous community of Valencia, Spain. The municipality covers an area of 4.3 square kilometres (1.7 sq mi) and as of 2015 had a population of 4206 people.

Gent per Formentera

Gent per Formentera (English: People for Formentera, GxF), is a political grouping of the island of Formentera that appeared in 2007 to contest the elections to the Island Council of Formentera and the elections to the Parliament of the Balearic Islands (in coalition with PSIB). They describe themselves as a left-wing, environmentalist and nationalist party dedicated to fulfilling the specific needs of the island.

In the 2007 Island Council elections, GxF was the most voted party, obtaining five councilors. This result, along with a post-election pact with the two councilors of the PSIB, resulted in the GxF leader Jaume Ferrer Ribas becoming president of the newly formed Island Council of Formentera.

In the 2011 election, GxF obtained six island councilors, returning the incumbent insular government to power. The group also won the regional deputy of the island of Formentera for the Parliament of the Balearic Islands.

In 2015, GxF won the election in the Island Council by absolute majority and retained its sole representative in the regional Parliament.

Ibiza

Ibiza (Catalan: Eivissa) is a Spanish island in the Mediterranean Sea off the eastern coast of Spain. It is 150 kilometres (93 miles) from the city of Valencia. It is the third largest of the Balearic Islands, an autonomous community of Spain. Its largest settlements are Ibiza Town (Catalan: Vila d'Eivissa, or simply Vila), Santa Eulària des Riu, and Sant Antoni de Portmany. Its highest point, called Sa Talaiassa (or Sa Talaia), is 475 metres (1,558 feet) above sea level.

Ibiza has become well known for its association with nightlife, electronic dance music that originated on the island, and for the summer club scene, all of which attract large numbers of tourists drawn to that type of holiday. Several years before 2010, the island's government and the Spanish Tourist Office had been working to promote more family-oriented tourism, with the police closing down clubs that played music at late night hours, but by 2010 this policy was reversed. Around 2015 it was resumed.Ibiza is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Ibiza and the nearby island of Formentera to its south are called the Pine Islands, or "Pityuses".

Ibiza (Parliament of the Balearic Islands constituency)

Ibiza (Catalan: Eivissa) is one of the four constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Parliament of the Balearic Islands, the regional legislature of the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands. The constituency currently elects 12 deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the island of Ibiza. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 5 percent.

Until the 2003 election, the results in this district were also used to determine the composition of the Ibiza and Formentera Island Council during the same term as the Parliament, with Ibiza counting for 12 out of 13 seats of the Council—11 out of 12 from 1983 to 1987—. From the 2007 election onwards, a separate election is held, also having both Ibiza and Formentera independent Councils, the Ibiza Island Council electing 13 members. Additionally, on 3 April 1979 the first independent election for the Ibiza and Formentera Island Council was held, electing 12 councillors, 11 of them from Ibiza.

Ibiza Airport

Ibiza Airport (IATA: IBZ, ICAO: LEIB) (Catalan: Aeroport d'Eivissa, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Ibiza) is the international airport serving the Balearic Islands of Ibiza and Formentera in Spain located 7 km (4.3 mi) southwest of Ibiza Town. As the island is a major European holiday destination, it features some year-round domestic services as well as several dozen seasonal routes to cities across Europe. It is also used as a seasonal hub by Vueling.

S'Espalmador

S'Espalmador (Catalan pronunciation: [səspəlməˈðo], Spanish: Espalmador) is a small, privately owned, uninhabited island located in the Balearic Islands. It is just to the north of Formentera, from which it is separated by a shallow sandbar. During low tide, it is possible to wade between the two islands. The area is visited by canoeists and yachts heading between Ibiza and Formentera. The island has pristine beaches, freshwater springs and a mud-bath.

To the north of the main island is Illa des Porcs (Pig Island) which was once used as a hideout and stronghold for pig smugglers. The En Pou lighthouse was built on the island in 1861 to mark the southern side of the Es Freus strait between the island and Ibiza.

SD Formentera

Sociedad Deportiva Formentera is a football team based in Sant Francesc Xavier, Formentera in the Balearic Islands. The team plays in Tercera División – Group 3. The club's home ground is the Estadi Municipal, which has a capacity of 500 spectators.

Sant Francesc Xavier

Sant Francesc Xavier or Sant Francesc de Formentera is a village and capital and largest settlement of Formentera, Balearic Islands, Spain. It includes a cultural centre so visitors can learn about the village's history throughout the history of Formentera.

SD Formentera is based in the village.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.