Foreign relations of the Cook Islands

The Cook Islands maintains diplomatic relations with various countries and is a member of multilateral organisations. While the country is in free association with New Zealand, which can act on the Cook Islands' "delegated authority [...] to assist the Cooks Islands" in foreign affairs,[1] the Cook Islands nevertheless enters into treaty obligations and otherwise "interacts with the international community as a sovereign and independent state."[1]

In the 1980s the Cook Islands became a member of several United Nations specialized agencies: the World Health Organization in 1984, the Food and Agriculture Organization and UNESCO in 1985, and the International Civil Aviation Organization in 1986. The Repertory of Practice of United Nations Organs records that in 1988 New Zealand declared "that its future participation in international agreements would no longer extend to the Cook Islands..."[2] In 1991 the Cook Islands became a full member of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) Preparatory Committee and the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Framework Convention on Climate Change (INC), which the Repertory of Practice describes as "further evidence that the international community had accepted the Cook Islands as a “State” under international law."[2] The United Nations Secretariat therefore "recognized the full treaty-making capacity of the Cook Islands" in 1992[2] and the Secretary-General, in his capacity as the depository of multilateral treaties, decided that the Cook Islands could participate in treaties that were open to "all states".[3]

As of November 2018, the Cook Islands has diplomatic relations with 52 states. It has also non-resident mission accredited to the European Union (EU) in Avarua. Todd McClay served as Cook Islands Ambassador to the EU from 2002 to 2008. McClay retired from that position and moved back to New Zealand to successfully contest the Rotorua seat in the 2008 New Zealand General Election. James Gosselin, the Cook Islands Secretary of Foreign Affairs, currently serves as the Cook Islands non-resident representative to the European Union (resident in Avarua).

In 2000 the Cook Islands government signed the Cotonou Partnership Agreement between the European Union and African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP).

Upon signature of this agreement the Cook Islands Government established a representation to the EU in Brussels. In 2002 this representation was upgraded to a full diplomatic mission with accreditation to the European Union. The establishment of this mission marked an important development in Cook Islands international relations representing the first full diplomatic mission established by the Cook Islands outside of Pacific countries.

The Cook Islands Mission to the European Communities interacts with European Union institutions, the ACP Group of States and other bilateral country representations and embassies.

Foreign relations of the Cook Islands
Foreign relations of the Cook Islands
  Cook Islands
  States that maintain diplomatic relations with the Cook Islands
  States that maintain consular relations with the Cook Islands

Diplomatic relations

The following countries have established formal diplomatic relations with the Cook Islands.[4][note 1]

Oceania

Europe

Asia

Americas

Africa

Consular relations

The following countries have established consular relations with the Cook Islands only.

International organisation participation

43rd Pacific43rd Pacific Islands Forum, Cook Islands. Islands Forum, Cook Islands. (10656271245)
43rd Pacific Islands Forum, in the Cook Islands, 28.8.-1.9.2012

Participation in international treaties and conventions

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Currently Indonesia is in the process of opening a relationship with the Cook Islands.[5]
  2. ^ Japan recognized independence of the Cook Islands on 25 March 2011.[27][28]
  3. ^ Cook Islands Honorary Consul is appointed to and acknowledged in Monaco since 2007 or before.[40][41]
  4. ^ Cook Islands Honorary Consul in Los Angeles is recognized by the United States since 1995.[43]
  5. ^ including the Facility Agreement with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization.[49]

References

  1. ^ a b Joint Centenary Declaration of the Principles of the Relationship between New Zealand and the Cook Islands Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, clause 4; signed by the Prime Minister of New Zealand and the Prime Minister of the Cook Islands at Rarotonga on 11 June 2001. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  2. ^ a b c Repertory of Practice of United Nations Organs, Supplement No. 8, Volume VI at para 11 Archived 2013-10-19 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Summary of Practice of the Secretary-General as Depositary of Multilateral Treaties (United Nations, New York, 1999) at para 86
  4. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration (2015). "Foreign Affairs". Cook Islands Government. Archived from the original on 2015-10-18. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
  5. ^ "RI and the Pacific: A history of cooperation". The Jakarta Post. 2016-12-02. Retrieved 2017-11-11. The country... is currently in the process of opening a relationship with the Cook Islands.
  6. ^ a b c Makereta Komai (2013). "Cook Island establishes diplomatic relations with Kiribati, Palau and Marshall Islands". Pacific Islands News Association. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
  7. ^ a b "Palau Formally Establishes Diplomatic Relations With The Cook Islands". Oceania TV News. 2013-09-04. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  8. ^ "FSM and Cook Islands establish diplomatic relations". fsmupdates. 2014-09-27. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  9. ^ Government of the Federated States of Micronesia (2013-11-04). "Countries With Which the Federated States of Micronesia Has Established Diplomatic Relations". Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  10. ^ a b c d e Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration (2015). "Pacific Relations". Cook Islands Government. Archived from the original on 2014-07-06. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
  11. ^ "Diplomatic relations with all Pacific Island Forum members complete". Cook Islands News. 2014-11-20. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  12. ^ "Asia/Pacific Division".
  13. ^ "Souhrnná teritoriální informace Cookovy ostrovy" [Summary of territorial information Cook Islands] (PDF) (in Czech). Czech Embassy Canberra & Czech Consulate Sydney. 2011-01-10. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  14. ^ "Estonia and Cook Islands establish diplomatic relations". MFA Estonia. 2018-10-25. Retrieved 2018-11-11.
  15. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs Announcement on the establishment of diplomatic relations with the Cook Islands". Embassy of Greece in Canberra. 2018-10-22. Retrieved 2018-11-11.
  16. ^ "Diplomatic relations between Iceland and Cook Islands". Ministry for Foreign Affairs Iceland. 2017-10-13. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  17. ^ "Kosova lidh marrëdhënie diplomatike me Ishujt Cook" [Kosovo established diplomatic relations with the Cook Islands]. KOHA (in Albanian). 2015-05-18. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  18. ^ MW/CIHC (2015-05-19). "Ceremony celebrates Kosovo ties". Cook Islands News. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  19. ^ "Press Release By The Ministry For Foreign Affairs And Trade Promotion: Diplomatic relations established with the Cook Islands and Papua New Guinea". Government of Malta. 2017-10-07. Retrieved 2017-10-08.
  20. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration (2011-08-16). "Cook Islands and Netherlands establish diplomatic relations". Cook Islands Government. Archived from the original on 2015-10-23. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  21. ^ "Norges opprettelse av diplomatiske forbindelser med fremmede stater" [Norway's establishment of diplomatic relations with foreign states] (PDF) (in Norwegian). 1999-04-27. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
  22. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration (2011-03-07). "Cook Islands and Switzerland establish diplomatic relations". Cook Islands Government. Archived from the original on 2015-10-23. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  23. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Turkish Republic (2011). "Türkiye–Cook Adaları Siyasi İlişkileri" [Turkey-Cook Islands Political Relations] (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2016-02-18. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  24. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration (2012-06-15). "Visit by Israeli Ambassador". Cook Islands Government. Archived from the original on 2015-10-23. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  25. ^ Embassy Of Israel In New Zealand (2017-10-07). "The Cook Islands". Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  26. ^ "Establishment of diplomatic relations between Japan and the Cook Islands and a courtesy call by Mr Takeaki Matsumoto, Foreign Minister of Japan to Hon Henry Puna, Prime Minister of the Cook Islands" (PDF). Embassy of Japan in New Zealand. 2011-06-20. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  27. ^ "Lecture by Prime Minister Puna of the Cook Islands -State recognition of the Cook Islands to lead to furthering cooperation-". Meiji University. 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2014-10-20. The Cook Islands are the 193rd state to be recognized as an independent state by Japan.
  28. ^ "State Recognition of the Cook Islands and Founding of Diplomatic Relations" (PDF). Embassy of Japan in New Zealand. 2011-09-02. Retrieved 2015-07-28. With the recognition of the Cook Islands, Japan now recognises 193 countries.
  29. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration (2011-12-16). "The Cook Islands and the Philippines Establish Formal Diplomatic Ties". Cook Islands Government. Archived from the original on 2015-10-16. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  30. ^ "Singapore established bilateral relations with Niue and Cook Islands on 6 August 2012". Ministry of Foreign Affairs Singapore. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. Singapore has established diplomatic relations with Cook Islands, ... Niue, ...
  31. ^ Korea, Cook Islands to establish diplomatic ties by year's end: "Korea will establish diplomatic relations with the Cook Islands in the South Pacific Ocean by the end of this year, making it the 190th country with which Seoul will have diplomatic ties", 2012-10-23
  32. ^ "Korea, Cook Islands to begin diplomatic ties". The Korea Herald. 2013-02-18. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
  33. ^ "UAE, Cook Islands sign deal to establish diplomatic relations". The Gulf Today. 5 August 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  34. ^ "Antigua and Barbuda Establishes Diplomatic Relations with the Cook Islands". Antigua Chronicle. 2017-11-15. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  35. ^ Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Brazil and the Cook Islands, retrieved 2015-09-01
  36. ^ "...presented their credentials to the Queens Representative". Cook Islands Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Immigration. 2016-08-04. Retrieved 2017-10-11.
  37. ^ "Countries with which Jamaica has Established Diplomatic Relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Jamaica. 2014. Archived from the original on 2016-03-08. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
  38. ^ "Cook Islands formalises links with third Latin nation". Cook Islands News. 2017-10-06. Retrieved 2017-10-08.
  39. ^ "The Cook Islands expand relations with Latin American countries". Cook Islands Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Immigration. 2017-10-05. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
  40. ^ Ordonnance Souveraine n° 1.259 du 10 août 2007 auto risant à exercer les fonctions de Consul honoraire des Iles Cook dans Notre Principauté. (Journal de Monaco Bulletin Officiel de la Principautè)
  41. ^ Honorary Consul in Monaco Archived 2016-01-30 at the Wayback Machine
  42. ^ "Consulate of the Cook Islands in Panama City, Panama". EmbassyPages.com. 2016. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  43. ^ "Foreign Consular Offices in the United States". U.S. State Department. 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2015-01-23.
  44. ^ Zabeena (2015-06-22). "Cook Islands joins ILO". Fiji Television Limited. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
  45. ^ "NZ may be invited to join proposed ‘Polynesian Triangle’ ginger group", Pacific Scoop, 19 September 2011
  46. ^ "New Polynesian Leaders Group formed in Samoa", Radio New Zealand International, 18 November 2011
  47. ^ "American Samoa joins Polynesian Leaders Group, MOU signed", Savali, 19 November 2011
  48. ^ Offshore carbon: why a climate deal for shipping is sinking (Climate Home)
  49. ^ CBTO Preparatory Commission. "Cook Islands tenth State signatory to have signed Facility Agreement". Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  50. ^ International Mobile Satellite Organization (2015). "Member States". Retrieved 2015-10-09.

External links

Foreign relations of New Zealand

The foreign relations of New Zealand are oriented chiefly toward developed democratic nations and emerging Pacific economies. The country’s major political parties have generally agreed on the broad outlines of foreign policy, and the current coalition government has been active in promoting free trade, nuclear disarmament, and arms control.

In summer 2013, New Zealand Foreign Minister Murray McCully reported that:

All New Zealand's important relationships are in good repair....With the United States there are hopes of a major breakthrough in terms of trade relations. Sino - New Zealand relations are also subdued, but trade is burgeoning. Japan's decision to join the Trans-Pacific Partnership is a welcome change and New Zealand continues to pursue a free trade agreement with South Korea. The government is pressing ahead with plans to strengthen relations in a number of other areas, including Russia, South Asia, Latin America, the Persian Gulf and especially the South Pacific. It is also alive to the potential benefits of closer ties with countries on the African continent.

Foreign relations of Niue

Niue maintains diplomatic relations with various other countries and multilateral organizations.

Niue is a small island country in the Pacific Ocean in a state of free association with New Zealand. The Queen in right of New Zealand is the head of state of Niue - as such Niue is part of the Realm of New Zealand.

The Repertory of Practice of United Nations Organs records that in 1988 "New Zealand stated ... that its future participation in international agreements would no longer extend to ... Niue". Niue was granted membership of UNESCO in 1993 and the World Health Organization in 1994. Also in 1994, the United Nations Secretariat "recognized the full treaty-making capacity ... of Niue".New Zealand retains a constitutional link with Niue in relation to citizenship, with people from Niue being citizens of New Zealand.Niue conducts bilateral relations with other countries and interacts with the international community as an independent state.Despite self-rule, New Zealand manages its defence and foreign affairs on Niue's request. Like the Cook Islands, however, Niue has begun to establish formal diplomatic relations with sovereign states. As of September 2016, 20 other states maintain diplomatic relations with Niue. China's ambassador to New Zealand, Zhang Limin, is accredited to Niue, and became the first Chinese ambassador to present his credentials there in October 2008.

List of diplomatic missions in the Cook Islands

This is a list of diplomatic missions in the Cook Islands. Although the Cook Islands is an associated state of New Zealand, it maintains diplomatic relations with 52 states. At present, the capital of Avarua hosts one mission. Additionally, there are embassies accredited to the Cook Islands and residing outside the country. They are in Canberra, Suva and Wellington.

List of diplomatic missions of the Cook Islands

This page lists the Diplomatic missions of the Cook Islands. Although the Cook Islands is an associated state of New Zealand, it maintains diplomatic relations with 52 states. The Cook Islands has one diplomatic mission abroad (a high commission in New Zealand). This high commission has multiple accreditation. The Cook Islands also has a number of honorary consulates.

List of sovereign states

The following is a list providing an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.

The 206 listed states can be divided into three categories based on membership within the United Nations system: 193 member states, two observer states and 11 other states. The sovereignty dispute column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, of which there are six member states, one observer state and nine other states).

Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood. For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the criteria for inclusion section below. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognised as having de facto status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms.

List of sovereign states and dependent territories by continent

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories of the world by continent, displayed with their respective national flags, including the following entities:

By association within the UN system:

The 193 member states of the United Nations (UN).

Vatican City (administered by the Holy See, a UN observer state), which is generally recognized as a sovereign state.

Palestine (A UN observer state).

By Other States:

Generally this contains States with limited recognition and associated states not members of the United Nations

Partially recognised de facto sovereign states without UN membership, such as the Republic of Kosovo and Taiwan

De facto sovereign states lacking general international recognition

Cook Islands and Niue, two associated states of New Zealand without UN membership

By Dependent Territories of other UN member states:

Generally this contains non-sovereign territories that are recognized by the UN as part of some member state.

Dependent territories.

Special territories recognized by international treaty (such as the special administrative regions of China).

Other territories often regarded as separate geographical territories even though they are integral parts of their mother countries (such as the overseas departments of France).This list divides the world using the seven-continent model, with islands grouped into adjacent continents. Variations on are noted below and discussed in the following articles; Continent, Boundaries between the continents of Earth, and List of transcontinental countries.

Outline of Oceania

The following outline is provided as an overview and topical guide to Oceania.

Oceania is a geographical, and geopolitical, region consisting of numerous lands—mostly islands in the Pacific Ocean and vicinity. The term is also sometimes used to denote a continent comprising Australia and proximate Pacific islands.The boundaries of Oceania are defined in a number of ways. Most definitions include parts of Australasia such as Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea, and parts of Maritime Southeast Asia. Ethnologically, the islands of Oceania are divided into the subregions of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.

Outline of the Cook Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Cook Islands:

Cook Islands – self-governing parliamentary democracy in free association with New Zealand. The fifteen small islands in this South Pacific Ocean country have a total land area of 240 square kilometres (92.7 sq mi), but the Cook Islands Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) covers 1.8 million square kilometres (0.7 million sq mi) of ocean. The main population centres are on the island of Rarotonga (c.10,000), where there is an international airport. Defence is the responsibility of New Zealand, in consultation with the Cook Islands and at its request. In recent times, the Cook Islands have adopted an increasingly independent foreign policy.

Pacific Alliance Leaders Meeting

The Pacific Islands Leaders Meeting (PALM) is a forum between the government of Japan and leaders in the Pacific Islands region. The Pacific Island Leaders Meeting was established by Japan in 1997 in order to facilitate and strengthen relations with the leaders of the nations of the Pacific Islands Forum. Since its foundation, PALM has become an important venue of dialogue between Japan and Pacific Island nations for important issues such as development aid and climate change.

Politics of the Cook Islands

The politics of the Cook Islands, an associated state, takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democracy within a constitutional monarchy. The Queen of New Zealand, represented in the Cook Islands by the Queen's Representative, is the Head of State; the prime minister is the head of government and of a multi-party system. The Islands are self-governing in free association with New Zealand and are fully responsible for internal affairs. New Zealand retains some responsibility for external affairs, in consultation with the Cook Islands. In recent years, the Cook Islands have taken on more of its own external affairs; as of 2005, it has diplomatic relations in its own name with eighteen other countries. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the islands' parliament. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislatures.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.